Science topic

Social Stratification - Science topic

Social stratification is a concept involving the "classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions and a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political and ideological dimensions.
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Publications related to Social Stratification (7,065)
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This paper contributes to the literature on social stratification by analysing the role of internal migration as a possible channel for the intergenerational transmission of inequality. While internal migration is associated with social mobility, it can also be used as a strategy of status maintenance among graduates from privileged backgrounds. Th...
Article
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Energy poverty (EP) is becoming an increasingly important problem in the urban contexts of southern Europe. In Barcelona, EP indicators are higher than those of the European Union and are strongly associated with poor health status and high use of health services and medication, becoming a major public health problem. EP is unevenly distributed in...
Article
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Variation in college application materials related to social stratification is a contentious topic in social science and national discourse in the United States. This line of research has also started to use computational methods to consider qualitative materials, such as personal statements and letters of recommendation. Despite the prominence of...
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The literature on social and wealth inequality has long acknowledged the importance of intergenerational wealth transmission (IWT) to inequality in homeownership tenure. However, it has paid insufficient attention to the institutional structures that moderate these inequalities. Therefore, in this study, we ask how institutional factors via differe...
Article
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En las últimas décadas, el campo de los estudios migratorios, tanto en España como a nivel internacional, había constatado el poder de la movilidad como agente de estratificación social en el contexto global. Sin embargo, la situación de pandemia provocada por la COVID-19, apunta al rol que está cobrando la (in)movilidad como agente de desigualdad...
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El objetivo del trabajo consistió en demostrar que las condiciones urbanas predicen variaciones en hacinamiento y equipamiento telemático en la vivienda venezolana. A partir de la Encuesta de Condiciones de Vida de 2014 y 2017 se construyeron dos modelos de análisis de senderos, en los que las condiciones urbanas, el tamaño de ciudad y la estratifi...
Book
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https://bristoluniversitypressdigital.com/view/book/9781447360018/9781447360018.xml In the centre of social stratification, a multitude of people with unstable collective ties and fragile social identities are emerging. It is a mobile aggregate of people with blurred class boundaries that drift within society. What is emerging is a multitude of...
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This paper examines the idea of double blackness and its role in constructing the Sudanese social hierarchy in Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North (1969). The article draws on several core concepts in postcolonial and anthropological studies, including race, culture, ethnicity, and Otherness. Instead of tackling the novel from the tradit...
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Socioeconomic Status (SES) has been linked to the development of Executive Functions (EF) usually by means of parental education and family income. Living conditions related to urbanization characteristics are rarely considered. This cross-sectional study investigated the performance in EF tasks of 99 Brazilian children aged 6 to 8 years residing i...
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Trata-se de uma proposta que analisa como o dispositivo colonial instituiu uma política linguística, durante o período da Cabanagem, mergulhada nas dimensões de prática, crença e gestão da língua. Para tanto, consideramos o arcabouço teórico-metodológico de Michel Foucault no quadro dos estudos discursivos (2010a; 2010b; 2010c; 2016a; 2016b), Berna...
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In the research of social archaeology and engendered studies of funerary inventories a group of Bronze Age finds from the Eastern Carpathian Basin was somewhat overlooked in the past decades, albeit they bare important agencies in respect of social stratification and identity negotiation. Crescent-shaped pendants, which are also referred to as lunu...
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Background High rates of alcohol consumption by midlife women, despite the documented risks associated with breast cancer, varies according to social class. However, we know little about how to develop equitable messaging regarding breast cancer prevention that takes into consideration class differences in the receipt and use of such information....
Preprint
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The present paper includes the short theoretical outline of Chapter 13, Chapter 14/A and Chapter 14/B of Social Theory. In the thirteenth chapter, I mainly deal with social groups, but I also discuss social networks. In the first subchapter, I define the concept of social group and I typify social groups. Then I define the concept of social network...
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This article examines the nature of sociability, communication and the ‘practical public sphere’ of Hamburg's early coffeehouses (1677–1714) and provides insight into the ‘social life’ of these coffeehouse spaces during the ‘early’ Enlightenment. Using licensing records, administrative sources and supplications, it shows how novelty, popularity, po...
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Mafuiane is considered the confluence where common references are shaped in the rural environment, based on the use of shade, playing an elementary role in the transmission of socio-cultural knowledge. The present paper focuses on the analysis of the multifunctionality of shade trees in the sociocultural context of the rural community of the villag...
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The animated children’s television show, Doc McStuffins, may serve as an out-of-school multicultural STEM education platform for its young television audience. The lead character, as well as the supporting cast of toy characters, represents a variety of racial, ethnic, and cultural identities while modeling medicine and healthcare practices. A crit...
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Inequalities in access to elite higher education institutions are central in the horizontal dimension of social stratification in higher education. Previous studies have consistently shown large social inequalities in access from French “grandes écoles” (GE), but there is limited empirical evidence on the effect of alternative admission policies wh...
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Federal financial aid policies for higher education may be classified based on their “for-purchase” and “post-purchase” natures. The former include grants, loans, and work-study and intend to help students finance or afford college attendance, persistence, and graduation. Post-purchase policies are designed to minimize financial burdens associated...
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Urban‐to‐rural migration is a rising trend across industrialized countries, the significance of which is not interpreted unanimously. The explanations tend to fall into two competing groups: (a) an alternative to capitalism or (b) perpetuation of the status quo, where, on one hand, the richer participants effect a green lifestyle choice, while the...
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This study introduces a comparative framework to understand patriarchal genealogies and technologies, with reference to an anthropological commentary concerning the broader forms of coloniality of power between dominant male and dominated female bodies in Greece, the Balkans, and the Caucasus. It argues that the patterns of patrilineality, practice...
Conference Paper
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The problems of the social sphere are diverse and numerous, but nevertheless we can note certain general characteristics of their nature. First, the problems of the social sphere are closely intertwined. It should also be noted that the nature of these interdependencies is different. We can claim that there are common sources of social problems suc...
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This study covers the research of the Achaemenid Empire and the early Abbasid Dynasty period, which are examined as two historical examples of multiculturalism based on the framework of the comparative historical method. The analysis have indicated that both Achaemenid (Persian) Empire and the early period of the Abbasid Dynasty (750-833) showed si...
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Previous researchers have established the influence of social norms on vaccine behavior. However, little work has been performed contextualizing individuals’ experience with these social factors and how they operate to persuade individuals’ acceptance or refusal of a vaccine. We aimed to determine the mechanisms of familial and societal pressure or...
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This paper seeks to identify the social dynamics underlying ″socially driven″ acquisitions and their effect on post-acquisition performance. Drawing on research into social stratification, we formulate hypotheses on how these socially driven acquisitions perform in relation to both the position held by the acquirers’ top managers (CEOs and owners)...
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Over the decades, higher education has markedly expanded worldwide. Alongside its tra- jectory, scholars have investigated how such high participation systems (HPS) affect social stratification, with close attention to (in)equality in educational opportunities and hetero- geneous/declining returns to tertiary degrees. While HPS have thus been the f...
Presentation
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Slides das últimas aulas de Ecologia Humana no ano letivo 2019-2020 explorando-se a relação entre os sistemas sociais e ambientais, a emergência dos riscos naturais e induzidos, o papel da ciência, e as teorias sobre a evolução da sociedade humana, a estratificação social e a exposição a riscos ambientais.
Preprint
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The Indian economy has witnessed long-term steady growth but the primary concern of the policymakers continues to be poverty reduction and ensuring distributional benefits of growth to the person at the bottom rung of the society. Bihar and Jharkhand were bifurcated in 2000 with the sole objective of better managing their persistent poverty, comple...
Article
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Background Central and western Africa struggle with the world’s lowest regional proportion of facility birth at 57%. The aim of the current study was to compare beliefs related to maternal health care services, science/technology, gender norms, and empowerment in states with high vs. low proportions of facility birth in Nigeria. Methods Face-to-fa...
Article
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RESUMO O medo é um poderoso condutor do comportamento humano, ainda mais em momentos de crise. O colapso sanitário ocasionado pela pandemia de COVID-19 acometeu não apenas a saúde, mas também a economia global, espalhando medo, pânico e incerteza por todo o mundo. Os desafios impostos pelo novo coronavírus foram agravados pelas desigualdades entre...
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Although it is one of the building blocks of sociological analyses, the concept of symbolic boundaries has been undergoing a second revival over the last twenty-odd years. Following in the footsteps of theoretical and empirical work by Michèle Lamont, researchers have been rethinking the potential of symbolic boundaries for additional fleshing out...
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Subjective wellbeing (happiness or life satisfaction) has become a fundamental goal in assessing social progress. However, given the limited understanding of the drivers of SWB in the context of India, formulating public policy has been difficult. The current study attempted to address this difficulty by examining social capital, or a particular ty...
Article
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Research on parental involvement has traditionally focused on social class differences in parenting behavior throughout early childhood and K‐12 schooling. Yet there is mounting evidence that similar class divides persist as children exit high school and progress through young adulthood. This review examines parents' roles in young adults' lives, f...
Presentation
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In modern welfare states in Scandinavia all citizens have, in principle, equal access to education and health services. Yet health inequities between population groups increase. Why? Health consumers often choose to seek out websites, social media, or digital communities for information when facing a question regarding health. Further, recent stud...
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This study examines the implications of the coronavirus pandemic for college students' health and education, with special attention to variation by disability status. Disaster research supports the hypothesis that students with disabilities will experience higher-than-usual levels of pandemic-related stress, which could lead to re-evaluations of th...
Conference Paper
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Drawing from the theory of Dell Hymes' ethnography of communication(1974), this study examines the pragmatics of Maguindanaon greetings by using the tools of S. P. E. A. K. I. N. G such as situation, participants, ends, speech, acts, key, instrumentality, norms, of communication and the cultural or traditional speech genres. This employs ethnograph...
Article
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This article describes the psychometric properties of a semantic differential scale developed to evaluate the attitudes towards menstruation among Roman Catholics in India, which is referred to as Menstrual Semantic Differential Scale (MSDS). For this purpose, the south Indian state of Kerala was chosen as the location. First, exploratory factor an...
Article
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With the great pressure of modern social life, the problem of residents’ subjective well-being has attracted scholars’ attention. Against the background of institutional transformation, China has a special social stratification structure. The socio-economic resources and living needs of different social classes are different, resulting in differenc...
Article
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This work focuses on the analysis of the incidence of Covid-19 in the Roma population of Eastern Europe residing in Spain. This article intends to examine the multidimensional impacts that the pandemic has caused in the different areas: education, employment, housing or fundamental rights. For this purpose, a thematic review was carried out on rece...
Article
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English writing skills are important in English language teaching due to the practice of evaluating students' academic performance in English writing both of other subjects' content knowledge and of English language itself. However, students come to high schools with baggage of varying linguistics competencies due to differential exposure to Englis...
Article
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Poverty is multifaceted. The global poverty profile shows 41% of multidimensionally poor people living in South Asian countries. Though castes and tribes are a more prevalent line of social stratification in India, and their socio-economic characteristics also vary remarkably, hardly any study has explored these dimensions while analysing multidime...
Chapter
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Two decades ago, educational inequality in the People’s Republic of China was criticized for creating social stratification. Ethnic minorities, who occupy 60% of China’s territory, were considered disadvantaged due to the lack of access to quality education. Rapid economic development since late twentieth century has helped the country move toward...
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This article investigates the electoral behavior of post-Fordist social classes between the beginning of the 2000s and the end of the 2010s in eight Western countries, focusing particularly on the vote for the mainstream Left. More specifically, the work answers three research questions. How has social stratification changed in the countries analyz...
Article
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Ahmad Nadeem"s God Be Praised is based on a real story and problems seen in the middle class. The role of Maulvi Abul specifically unearths the main themes of the story including poverty and the class system. The undertaken research highlights the causes and effects of both these societal issues especially regarding middle class people. The goal of...
Conference Paper
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Introdução  O interesse pela espiritualidade e religiosidade existe desde o início da história humana, independentemente das idiossincrasias de épocas e/ou culturas. Hoje, mais do que nunca, o aumento da esperança média de vida coloca desafios e barreiras para muitos idosos, particularmente os mais carenciados;  As abordagens desenvolvimentais e...
Preprint
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Research on social stratification has mostly focused on working-age populations. With rapidly aging populations increasing across the rich world, inequalities at older ages are an increasingly relevant part of how contemporary societies are stratified. Here, we highlight an aspect of inequality that has been largely unexamined—the inequality of lif...
Conference Paper
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In all over the world, in any part of the globe, from prehistoric period till the date, complex layers of social stratification and their cultural diversity are reflected in the urban form of the settlement. The cause of this influence lies in the unique and diverse socio-cultural roots, which represent nothing but the 'Traditions' of that area. In...
Article
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O trabalho discute a produção intelectual da etnóloga francesa Collete Callier Boisvert relativa à dinâmica das relações políticas presentes numa cidade da microrregião do Agreste pernambucano investigada pela pesquisadora ao longo de quase meio século. Problematiza, a partir de uma análise do discurso de seus textos: (a) os temas geradores do seu...
Chapter
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Is Geography Destiny? Family and Social Stratification Factors in Child's Language Development
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The study investigates the relationship between intergenerational social class mobility and subjective well-being in Japan. It considers the macro-social context and examines how socioeconomic changes affect the association between intergenerational social class mobility and life satisfaction. Based on data drawn from the Social Stratification and...
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Resumen: En este escrito se analizan los procesos de digitalización que involucran en su ciclo vital las políticas sociales, a partir de su inscripción en lo que se ha denominado sociedades 4.0. El trabajo es producto del análisis documental y e-entrevistas realizadas a receptores de las intervenciones estatales. Se concluye que: a) los entornos vi...
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This work examines ReThinking Character Building Education Among School Youths In Resolving Social Problems In Nigeria, as it looks at the changing dynamics of values, ideologies and life vocation as it affects human thinking and character building, leading to character confusion among youths in Nigeria. This problem is said to have been traced to...
Article
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La alternancia de 'haber' como verbo personal o impersonal está presente en todas las variantes del español ('Hubieron' problemas/'había' personas). Si bien los prescriptivistas defienden que 'haber' pertenece a la categoría de los verbos impersonales y debe conjugarse en singular, muchos estudios muestran su pluralización (DeMello, 1991; Gómez Mol...
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The alleged homogenization of material consumption patterns in Western societies in the end of the twentieth century has been a central argument of scholars who predicted a general flattening of class inequalities. However, divisions in material consumption practices and their evolution have largely been neglected in studies of the social stratific...
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We introduce and discuss a system of one-dimensional kinetic equations describing the influence of higher education in the social stratification of a multi-agent society. The system is obtained by coupling a model for knowledge formation with a kinetic description of the social climbing in which the parameters characterizing the elementary interact...
Article
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Students from a lower socioeconomic background have a higher risk of dropping out of higher education. The underlying mechanisms of this association between socioeconomic background and higher education dropout are not well understood. Previous research in higher education has followed Tinto’s model of academic and social integration to explain dro...
Article
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The article presents an analysis of social factors affecting educational success of cadets of military educational organizations based on the results of a sociological survey among cadets of the Air Force Academy and its branches (N=722). The aim of the study was to determine social characteristic of cadets which correlate with their educational su...
Article
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Uttar Pradesh is one of the significant political spaces that offers a genuine academic analysis to Electoral Geography students. This political space interestingly presents the electoral dynamics rooted in many socio-cultural variants and has a more significant bearing on the electoral behavior of the masses in Uttar Pradesh. In this respect, the...
Preprint
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Kinship relations play a crucial role in structuring populations and shaping individual outcomes. Differences in kinship among individuals, cohorts, and subpopulations are one important aspect of these structures. Demography and related disciplines have proposed sophisticated approaches to study kinship in recent years. We argue that the developmen...
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Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses were performed on the bones of seven dogs and 82 humans in the Hengshui Cemetery to reveal the distribution of food resources among different social strata of the Peng state. This study shed light on the social stratification during the Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 1046–771 BCE). The isotopic data of two Peng...
Article
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Reflecting the neglect of childhood disability in social stratification research, there is a notable dearth of research on the mechanisms underpinning disability differentials in educational outcomes. Drawing on rich longitudinal data collected at 9, 13 and 17 years as part of Ireland's 'Growing Up in Ireland' study, we look at the impact of specia...
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Social stratification has been seen in almost every society throughout history and is one of the common characteristics of today's societies. Stratification occurs in various forms in societies in terms of abstract or concrete criteria. Industrial Revolution added a new dimension to social stratification, and classes different from traditional soci...
Thesis
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Living organisms pass through life seeking prosperity in a materialistic world. There are different meanings of prosperity. Some people think that it is measured in money, others relate it to pleasure and life satisfaction, while others link it to spirituality. However, it could be argued that the basic human needs related to the Water, Energy and...
Preprint
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Information and communications technology (ICT) skills are crucial for labour market success and full participation in society. Socioeconomic status (SES) inequality in the development of ICT skills would prevent disadvantaged children from reaping the benefits of the digital age. Besides, the digital divide in ICT literacy might add to the already...
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This paper examines between-country differences in why education promotes trust using data from 29 countries (and 146 regions) participating in the OECD’s Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results indicate that education is strongly associated with trust and that individuals’ literacy, income, and occupational prestige are important mediators of this...
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In this article, I will investigate the short story Elixir in Alejandro Leiva Wenger’s debut collection Till vår ära (In Our Honour, 2001), where a magic drink with transformative effects converts dark-skinned characters with foreign background into racially typical Nordic individuals. Since the story relates to both physical and behavioural change...
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By combining social stratification theory and philanthropy studies, we examine how social class affects Chinese entrepreneurs’ philanthropic engagement strategy. Relying on a survey of 462 entrepreneurial firms, we found that Chinese middle-class entrepreneurs are less likely to employ in-house philanthropy than entrepreneurs in either low or high...
Article
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Assortative mating is a phenomenon in which romantic partners typically resemble each other at a level greater than chance. There is converging evidence that social behaviours are subject to assortative mating, though less is known regarding social cognition. Social functioning requires the ability to identify and understand the mental states of ot...
Article
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Extant theory suggests that crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic may change people's trust in others. A crisis-to-solidarity model suggests that people become more trusting, while a crisis-to-negative experience theory suggests that people lose trust, and a stability perspective predicts that social trust will largely remain unchanged. We argue tha...
Chapter
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Although EMI has a long history in Nepal's higher education, the research is lacking in the documentation of issues related to its policies, practices, and discourses. To fill this void, this chapter provides a macro-level analysis of sociopolitical, sociohistorical, and socioeconomic conditions that have shaped the policies, practices, and discour...
Preprint
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EGP (Erikson-Goldthorpe-Portocarero)-based occupational class schemas, rooted in industrial-age employment relations, are the standard measure of socioeconomic position in social stratification. Previous research highlighted EGP-based schemas’ difficulties to keep up with changing labour markets, but few tested alternative explanations. This articl...
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This paper analyses the semantics of the proper noun in Alonso de Castillo Solórzano's La garduña de Sevilla. It has demonstrated that the choice of the anthroponyms the characters disguise themselves with is not accidental. The study of the onomastic system developed by this writer allows us to realize that proper nouns are not mere identifiers of...
Article
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Resumo A proposta deste artigo é analisar o procedimento administrativo do Santo Ofício português derivado das reformas promovidas em seu funcionamento durante o período pombalino, lançando luz sobre os mecanismos de classificação social adotados pela instituição nos primeiros tempos após sua elevação à condição de tribunal régio. O foco de interes...
Thesis
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In this dissertation, I examine the educational assortative mating patterns in Hungary and its effect on the quality and stability of relationships. This topic is especially relevant as women’s educational advantage and the proportion of hypogamous (female advantage) unions are growing in Europe and in Hungary as well. My work provides novel data o...
Article
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It has been hypothesised that romantic partners are more similar than chance in relation to autistic traits. To test this theory, we recruited n = 105 heterosexual couples and examined within-couple correlations for autistic traits [measured using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)], empathizing [measured using the Empathy Quotient (EQ)], and system...
Chapter
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Purpose: This chapter analyses the effects of social stratification and inequalities on the outcomes of transnational mobilities, especially on the educational trajectory of returning migrant children. Study approach: It places the Bourdieusian capital concepts (Bourdieu, 1977, 1984) centre stage, and analyses the convertibility or transferability...
Article
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According to recent OECD statistics, Estonia is the Euro- pean Union country with the highest income inequalities. Among all the ex-Warsaw bloc states, the Baltic country also has the highest household debt. Despite these dire socio-economic indicators, Estonia’s path to economic development, the adaptation of the purest forms of neo- liberalism to...
Article
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The literature concerning active labour market policy (ALMP) in advanced economies during the post-Fordist Age is very informative. Nevertheless, surprisingly, we know little about ALMP politicization. By focusing on two archetypes of the Mediterranean countries, Italy and Spain, this study argues that the geographical distribution of social strati...
Chapter
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The capitalist city is a colossal productive force in permanent construction and contention. On the one hand, urban infrastructure must be constantly adapted to support the relentlessly shifting urban-based economic activities. On the other hand, achieving the goals of sustainable urban development will require profound infrastructural transitions....
Article
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Recent excavations at Mission La Purísima Concepción identified social divisions linked to status hierarchies within the Native village,' Amuwu. The recovery of an earthen floor under a roof tile collapse represented a single room in an adobe structure where a Chumash family lived. In the backyard, a dense midden deposit exposed a dumping and activ...