Questions related to Social Science
Good afternoon dear researchers! If you're aware of any articles using PLS-SEM methodology, about residents' perception of tourism development during SARS, Ebola, H1N1 or COVID-19 outbreak, please, feel free to share with me! Thank you all in advance!
There are number of registration bodies for medical and health sciences systematic reviews e.g. PROSPERO. Is there any for the education, technology or any of social science domain.
I often hear from friends negative things about academia, its boring, not connected to reality etc. I have been on and off in academia for 25 years but for the most part I have been in the real world, running businesses and working as a business consultant. I can still feel that in academia there is at least in my field a theoretical knowledge but still people doesn't understand how the real world operates. After university I felt like I knew everything, I knew Kotler backwards and forwards and all the theories..it felt like any way but when I started my first business (during my university years) I felt like I had to relearn everything. This lack of connection to reality was a problem for me and it is something I hear a lot for other business people. "Academics know nothing! ",one friend said and he has a Phd! Perhaps this illustrates the problem?
I guess it is the same in many fields..academia is seen as dry and not connected to the real world. What can be done about this or can anything be done? How do you view your education in relation to your working life? Do you feel your education was relevant? For me...not so much. Later I started to teach and do research but I still have this feeling. How do you feel about academia and the real world? Is academia part of the world we live in or just some "other place"..your thoughts?
Best wishes Henrik
Apart from the nursing or medical field, preferably in agriculture, economics or social sciences, is it advisable to analyse data collected by semi-structured interviews using the qualitative content analysis?
Dear Professor / Researcher,
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Some have 3 elements- rationale/background, methodology, and results; while others have four or five that include objectives/questions, conclusion with implications.
What are the literature review sources of class subculture and educational attainment?
Which on social science theory is linked with this subject matter? and how?
I am currently looking for a public health journal that has a decent acceptance rate. Any suggestions are welcome.
Videoconferencing is one of the Internet services that are currently developing intensively. The progress in the field of data teletransmission in the Internet allows for the gradual improvement of techniques enabling online Videoconferencing via the Internet.
In addition, completed Videoconferences after recording can be placed almost automatically on the profiles of social media portals.
In connection with the above, Videoconferencing is an excellent form of sharing experiences in the field of scientific research conducted by scientists.
It is also a good way to popularize scientific knowledge. In addition, debates may also be held on the Internet, and Internet-related questions may be asked by the speakers. Questions can be asked by listeners who watch Videoconferencing broadcast live, online through the Internet.
In view of the above, the current question is:
Is videoconferencing a good instrument for popularizing science over the Internet?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Hello everyone. I conducted a research with action research. I collected data with interviews, videos, recordings, documents and researcher diary during a year , 15 hours in a week. After collected my data, I analysed them. I found 74 codes for implementation stage (3 months data).
My question is, amount of 74 codes is too much? Is there any rule that amount of codes should be under 50?
Thank you in advance for sharing your ideas with me...
I ran multiple linear regression by using six IVs to predict household water insecurity in rural Ghana. My output came out with R-squared and Adjusted R-Squared of .981 and .962, respectively. Can these be too high in social sciences research? Does it raise any question(s)? What should I do in this situation?
Giorgio Agamben has been influential in critical circles in the social sciences for quite some time now. He has been deeply worried of how the COVID-19 pandemic has been exploited as an opportunity to bring in authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and a new political rationality centered around biosecurity. He decries..."the new paradigm of biosecurity, to which all other exigencies will have to be sacrificed. It is legitimate to ask whether such a society can still be defined as human or whether the loss of sensible relations, of the face, of friendship, of love can be truly compensated for by an abstract and presumably completely fictitious health security".
Are there scholars from within the academic left who have picked up this line of thought to develop it? In my home discipline human geography I've been surprised by the lack of deep criticism (so far!) against the authoritarian management of the pandemic and the brutally quick undermining of hard-won freedoms in the name of a very elastic notion of "safety". This press release describing the situation in August 2020 in Melbourne sent chills down my spine:
The debate in the latest issue of Dialogues in Human Geography didn't strike me as genuinely critical despite the self-professed label of "critical geographer" many of the invited parties espouse. I checked Derek Gregory's blog, since he was instrumental in popularizing Agamben's thoughts in critical geography, but there's no entry on Agamben & COVID-19. Radio silence...
By the way, if an Anglo-American publisher reads this, please consider translating into English Patrick Zylberman's book Tempêtes microbiennes, Gallimard 2013. Agamben praises it highly in the blog entry I linked to above:
"Already in a book published seven years ago, now worth rereading carefully (Tempêtes microbiennes, Gallimard 2013), Patrick Zylberman described the process by which health security, hitherto on the margins of political calculations, was becoming an essential part of state and international political strategies. At issue is nothing less than the creation of a sort of “health terror” as an instrument for governing what are called “worst case scenarios.” It is according to this logic of the worst that already in 2005 the World Health Organization announced “2 to 150 million deaths from bird flu approaching,” suggesting a political strategy that states were not yet ready to accept at the time. Zylberman shows that the apparatus being suggested was articulated in three points: 1) the construction, on the basis of a possible risk, of a fictitious scenario in which data are presented in such a way as to promote behaviors that allow for governing an extreme situation; 2) the adoption of the logic of the worst as a regime of political rationality; 3) the total organization of the body of citizens in a way that strengthens maximum adherence to institutions of government, producing a sort of superlative good citizenship in which imposed obligations are presented as evidence of altruism and the citizen no longer has a right to health (health safety) but becomes juridically obliged to health (biosecurity). What Zylberman described in 2013 has now been duly confirmed".
As I am reviewing the literature on the subject, there are a plethora of publications highlighting the importance of including social science data into future environmental management decisions. however, I am so far unable to find a publication that has shown the application of such social monitoring data to a management action or plan of action. If anyone knows of a source showing how collected social science data has been applied to a management activity that would be greatly appreciated. I am not interested as much in stakeholder engagement and workshop results as I am in overall socioeconomic collections. Thanks!
I’ve seen throughout my academic life a grueling discussion about when we should use propositions or hypotheses. Many researchers assume that when we formulate hypotheses, we are dealing with a measurable investigation (relationships between variables). On the other hand, when we elaborate on a non-measurable work (e.g., a conceptual model), we should formulate propositions.
However, other academics defend that hypotheses are related simply to a quantitative paper, while propositions are adequate for qualitative investigations. However, in areas as applied social sciences, we frequently need to embrace both perspectives (quantitative and qualitative). In the case, of a quali-quanti approach, we may need to use different methods that involve both, variables measurement as subjective interpretation. In this case, (and of course, if they are adequate to answer our research question), should we formulate hypotheses or propositions? Could you please give your thoughts about this question? Thanks in advance.
This is the title of an open-access article authored by Dr. Carlo Caduff and just published in Medical Anthropology Quarterly on July 21st. I highly recommend it and I wish there were more truly brave people like him in academia, speaking out about the ongoing steep rise of authoritarianism all around us, under the guise of biosecurity/public health. Below I provide the abstract and the link to the full paper:
What Went Wrong: Corona and the World after the Full Stop
This article examines the global response to the Covid‐19 pandemic. It argues that we urgently need to look beyond the virus if we want to understand the real seriousness of what is happening today. How did we end up in a space of thinking, acting, and feeling that has normalized extremes and is based on the assumption that biological life is an absolute value separate from politics? The author suggests that today's fear is fueled by mathematical disease modeling, neoliberal health policies, nervous media reporting, and authoritarian longings.
COVID-19 is changing the social life of all people. Jumping out of the personal aspect, how does it affect the family as a whole.
Family is regarded as the fundamental structure of the society, will COVID-19 changes the future family structure, unit and model?
How is it affecting gender issues too?
Besides, why is domestic violence increasing? Is psychology and psychiatry playing a role?
 Campbell AM. An increasing risk of family violence during the Covid-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives.
Forensic Science International: Reports vol. 2 (2020): 100089.
COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence
The pandemic paradox: The consequences of COVID‐19 on domestic violence
J Clin Nurs
R programming language
I am considering if is it appropriate to use two different randomly chosen samples coming from one huge database to proceed two logistic regressions separately on the same subject?. The main cause is a low power of my computer and no possibility to use own written multimatching function that binarizes whole data into 0 and 1 (follow / not follow).
The database consists of 1 500 000 obs. and 54 variables (data.frame). The DV reflects the act of following one of two presidential candidates (1 and 0) and IVs reflect the act of following particular media outlets appearing on Twitter (also 1 and 0). The aim is to present association between media and political agenda and predictive power of particular media.
Unfortunately, I am forced to sample the data because of the computing time. Hence, I am going to randomize two samples (2 x 100k records), proceed the regression, and then, confirm the first one using the second one. Is it consistent with methodological / statistical art ? Thank you in advance.
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research.
Thank you in advance!
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
Microbrewing continues to expand across the globe with many US communities utilizing breweries as new social venues to meet-greet and participate in social activities. What do you perceive as interesting research questions related to brewing science as well as the interaction and impact to local communities?
Are publications in the journals ranked by Emerging Sources Citation Index (Clarivate Analytics) also included in Journal Citation Reports? Do your universities / governments put equivalent value on ESCI publications and SSCI publications while making a decision about faculty promotion?
Many publishers report the publication history process in their published articles. However, I do not see SAGE Journals such as “Structural Health Monitoring” or “Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures” reflect that.
Web of Science is a website that provides subscription-based access to multiple databases ... (ISI) and is currently maintained by Clarivate Analytics (previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters).
Web of Science (formerly ISI Web of Knowledge) is today's premier research platform for information in the sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities.
Web of Science Master Journal List - WoS MJL by Clarivate
The attached file containing more than 12 thousands of web of science journals
Kindly guide which method of MMR shall be adopted given it is to be practiced for the first time e.g. triangulation or which one?
Thanking you in advance.
As a researcher in business and psychology I often get the feeling that many of my colleagues have a political leaning to the left and are clearly influenced by the ideas of post modernism and neo marxism. In sociology and social psychology this is in my view clearly evident. I have a deep fear that this is something that might have a negative effect on the field of social science. What are your views regarding this? Has the left totally taken over the social sciences? Is there still a room for scientist of divergent ideas or are they more or less kept down by the majority? Your views please?
Dear Research Gate Members,
Most of the cities in the world are facing partial or complete Lock Downs due to Pandemic Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread. Millions of people in the world are living in Government or self-administered Quarantines. The world is expecting a long time with it and continuously learning to live with it. In this situation Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH) are the ultimate new realities for many in the world.
Many organizations and Educational Institutions are doing “Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH)” very first time. Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS became the top priorities for most of them. Many organizations and Educational Institutions are still confused in making the choice between Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS. In this scenario, it’s really important to share your expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert suggestions and/or recommendations on the following question.
How do you compare Google ZOOM Vs Microsoft TEAMS for Online Education / Work From Home during Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) Lock Downs/Quarantines?
Thanks & Regards
Usually, the field of science in which we operate is considered particularly important.
It results from our scientific specialization and improvement of research techniques as well as the development of application of results from our scientific research.
However, in addition to the fields of science, the scientific disciplines in which we specialize and conduct research, most scientists function in other fields of science.
Reflections on this subject may be an inspiration for the possible development of scientific research in the field of interdisciplinary combination of various fields of science and the organization of an interdisciplinary research team to carry out new qualitatively interesting research in the future.
Therefore, encouraging discussion, I am asking you the following question: Which field of science, in addition to the one in which you function, you consider particularly important in the 21st century?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
I wish you the best in New Year 2019. Best wishes
I am preparing a draft article examining the challenges of teaching international relations (IR) to Japanese undergraduate students in English. Japanese students introduced to the social sciences, particularly IR, face a number of unique challenges: an academic discipline almost entirely developed from a Western perspective; understanding terminology, concepts, and theories in English; and socio-cultural barriers in the classroom that hinder student participation. The strategies employed by the author may also be of interest to English-language instructors of other social science disciplines.
The coronavirus is increasingly having an impact in public and private law. Fundamental freedoms are restricted. Fulfillment of contracts becomes impossible; many obligors and debtors refer to force majeure (vis maior).
science is knowledge represented as a collection of “theories” derived using the scientific method. In this discussion, we will discus what is a theory, why do we need theories in research, what are the building blocks of a theory, how to evaluate theories, how can we apply theories in research, and how to develop theories
you can share examples of theories used in social science research.
or having idea or plan to develop theory
I've just started my Ph.D. and I'm in the process of writing a review article. Given the novelty of the findings, there's an ongoing debate on the existence of the phenomenon that underlies my project (Gender-Equality Paradox) on which I'd like to focus the paper. That said, I was thinking to write a review that looks into the relevant literature to summarise what is known on the topic and shows the necessity for further investigations. However, I'm struggling with finding the right methodology approach to use. Systematic and Integrative approach don't seem to be relevant in exploring a phenomenon but I might be wrong. I was thinking to apply a historical approach to highlight the increase in evidence overtime but I'm not sure. Any thoughts?
Thanks in advance to everyone who will participate in the discussion.
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. Please briefly state your opinion on this issue.
Thank you in advance!
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
We're working on a UK-based study of lived experiences during the COVID19 pandemic, looking at knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour. Is anyone else working on social science studies on the pandemic? We'd be keen to link up and share learning, especially with a view to doing some international comparisons a bit further down the line. I'll post a link to our project page below with further information. Thanks!
After the field data has been collated using Likert-style instrument e.g 'Strongly agree,Agree,Neutral to Strongly disagree, , what is the appropriate test statistic to use ?
(i.e easy to understand research methods in social sciences including resources)
Please I need any information, articles or publications about the anti-cyanobacterial activity of seaweeds for my research. I will be very pleasing if any one help me.
Thank you in advance.
Hi, we aim to "quantify" cultural ecosystem services from urban forests of our study area (Karlsruhe, Germany). We know that cultural ecosystem services are difficult to quantify as they are often qualitative and have intangible significance. Our approach is to first do a detail survey on public and stakeholders' perception and preferences on selected cultural ecosystem services using questionnaire survey and Likert's scale of response. Then, we want to use our data from the questionnaire survey to develop a scoring systems. Do you know any method which can be helpful to us? Or, do you know how to valuate cultural ecosystem services? In addition to questionnaire survey, we also have data from urban forest plots on forest structure and composition. We followed the guidelines from i-tree-eco software's handbook and UFORE model developed by the US Forest Service (David Nowak). We will really appreciate if you can provide us some literature or provide some suggestions on methods to quantify cultural ecosystem services.
After studying Consumer Brand Engagement (CBE) literature (Hollebeek et al 2014) I wonder how to use the CBE scales and what for?
The CBE scales contain usually three dimensions:
Cognitive: Using [brand] gets me to think about [brand].
Affective: I feel very positive when I use [brand].
Activating1: I spend a lot of time using [brand], compared to other [category] brands.
Scholars that use the scales in their studies can get results about what are consumer reactions (natural science?) to particular brands. However they can't study how the brands inspire (social sciences) consumers to transform their value formation practices, can they? It limits the scientific critic of brand values.
I would argue that the consumer-brand engagement concept contains the hidden assumption that consumers choose what is best for them or at least they can rank or order the offers according to the personal preferences. Scholars who use the concept (together with the assumption) don’t study values/principles which are independent of observed individual interactants choices and valuations – they put the values (causes? inspirations?) into the black box in their studies.
The problem is known in economics (the social-science-based economists criticize the natural-science-based economists with different outputs) but not recognized in brand management I suppose.
What do you think?
Hollebeek L.D., Glynn M.S.. and Brodie R.J. (2014) Consumer Brand Engagement in Social Media: Conceptualization, Scale Development and Validation, Journal of Interactive Marketing 28(2): 149-165
We are interested in finding researchers who have experience in analyzing dialogues between science, policymakers, civil society, and the private sector. The aim of our project is to learn more about the “co-creative modus operandi” and to discuss whether (and how) such an approach could be integrated in the field of policy advice, by bringing different stakeholders together in reciprocal learning and decision-making processes in order to generate solutions that are valued by all of the parties involved.
I have a paper where I am getting R squares at 23%. The reviewer has asked if this can be considered as sound!
I remember reading that in social sciences, since there are several factors which affect the predictability, low R squares can be considered as sound. Can someone help me find the reference please
Thanks in advance
It's 99 days since the first case of COVID-19 in Hong Kong, and we are welcoming the 5th days of 0 new cases of COVID-19 following a week of <10 cases per day.
How should we define the end of a local endemic?
How long should the latent period be defined?
When is it safe to resume social activities?
Should territory wide screening of asymptomatic people be done before declaring the end of endemic?
A Journal that is in the Web of Science (WoS) as social science citation indexd but it is not found on the list of Journal Citation Report (JCR). The website of the Journal shows also that it is SSCI. What is the cause?
New ideas, new concepts in science and art arise as a result of human creativity, innovation, emotional intelligence, the need for self-realization, the need to be appreciated by other people. These are the values at the very top of Maslov's pyramid. Human higher needs arose through the evolution of human consciousness and intelligence under conditions of multi-generational development of sociobiological and psychosocial determinants.
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion
As a public health measures to control the spread of the pandemic coronavirus, social distancing and home quarantine are implemented in some countries.
As a matter of fact, patients are absence from clinic under COVID-19, and clinic-based diabetic control monitoring becomes challenging.
Do you expect a change in diabetic control for these patients when staying home?
They have less exercise, and may eat more snacks at home.
Or in contrast, they are too bored, and have time to develop new exercise without pressure from work? Besides, they are banned from social around, and may eat drink less alcohol and eat less feast.
What do you think?
COVID-19 is in no doubt affecting every walks of life. Its impact towards every one and others' psychological and psychiatric health is significant, yet how should we quantify them?
Let's pull all related publications here for reference:
Understanding and Addressing Sources of Anxiety Among Health Care Professionals During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The Mental Health Consequences of COVID-19 and Physical DistancingThe Need for Prevention and Early Intervention
Dear Research Gate Members,
Nowadays, every one is talking about the Coronavirus COVID-19 and its affects are alarming throughout the world. Routine operations of many organisations are also affected badly throughout the affected regions. I have observed that many, considering the Corona Virus risks many organisations have transformed their many routine operations to Virtual/Online.
Please, share your expert observations and/or suggestions on the following matter.
Have you observed the transformation of routine operations to Virtual/Online in the amid of Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) scenario in your organisation?
In case of yes, please share the major ones.
Thanks & Regards
Hello People of knowledge
The subject is social science. I need some help with Epistemology, ontology, axiology and methodology and how the following words are defined. -Epistemology ( knowledge how to know)<<<<< Materialists, realists, objectivists? Empiricism, Rationalism. -Ontology ( knowledge of being) Materialism, realism, idealism, Relativism.
-Positivism Induction, Deduction ,Abduction ,Social Constructivism, Critical Realism. <<<<<< Materialist?? Objectivists?
-Methodology Nomothetic – Ideografic Methodologal individualism/holism.
-Hermeneutics Historicism, Phenomenology, Paradigm, Discourse, Dialectics, Critical theory.<<<<< Idealists, relativists?? Subjetivist?
--I have put them in the order i believe is correct and so far I have understood....
--Epistemology has empiricism and rationalism and so we have positivism vs Hermeneutics.
-Ontology is idealism, relativism vs realism and materialism.
-What I dont understand is what each of these words has the standpoint when it come to ontology, epistemology, axiology and methodology?
-I am really confused and stuck, could someone please kindly explain this to me. Would be really grateful
Many journal publishers are opening their COVID-19 researches for free to the public. Among them which are the most useful? Is more famous one the better one?
If you got a research on COVID-19 on hand, which one of the following will you submit to ?
Which one is easiest to accept your publication?
Please vote as you like!
Other than those common opened platform below, you can also suggest any new ones you think is useful for COVID-19 research.
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of social media portals? What are the important topics in the field: Social media?
Social media can affect the personal lives of individual people. The sociological behavior of people is changing. Some people exchange traditional contacts with other people for contacts via social media portals. It changes the sociology of people's behavior, it affects sociological behavior, it generates new types of problems that also affect behavioral economics and the behavior of entire communities.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
How do you treat someone who got COVID-19?
How do the media treat people infected?
What do those recovered patient experience?
Please share your views.
In your experience, what social science (especially sociology) journals have short articles with simple and clear wording? I'm trying to find articles for my undergraduate students to read but everything is either 20+ pages and straightforward OR short but hard to comprehend. I understand the reason behind this but if you've noticed any journals that have good empirical articles for undergraduate students, please let me know. Ideally, I'm looking for empirical sociology articles to use as examples of research methods in my methods course.
Dear Research Gate Members,
Due to Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) spread, many cities are facing partial or complete Lock Down. Like other sectors, Higher Education is also affected badly due to these Lock Downs. To overcome this situation either many Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) have adapted the Distance Learning/E-Learning/Virtual Education or planning to implement it. Many Universities and/or colleges are new to Distance Learning/E-Learning/Virtual Education and are having issues in its implementation as well. In this scenario, it’s really important to share the expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert opinion, experiences and/or suggestions on the following matter.
Which Learning Management System (LMS) is more suitable for Distance/Virtual Education or E-Learning in Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs)?
If you prefer more than one, then please rank them.
Thanks & Regards
In highly developed countries and economically fast developing countries there are analogous processes of changes in the demographic structure of society consisting in the aging of the population and the accompanying process of depopulation of cities, agglomeration, decreasing number of births, decreasing fertility rate in families. These processes, which are unfavorable for the economic development of the country, usually have at least several causes.
Extending the average life expectancy of citizens results from improved living standards, increased income and related improvements in quality of life, improvement of nutrition and improvement in the health care services sector. In addition, some of the lowly, educated people go to look for more interesting jobs and higher salaries by hiring in other countries. In a situation where young people paying off housing loans, are also burdened with various taxes, they are forced to work, to professional activity all adult members of the family of working age.
As a result, the pressure, the need to have more than 1 or 2 children are decreasing, and then the fertility decreases, which contributes to the decline in the number of citizens in the long term. In order to counteract this disadvantage for the national economy, this country should develop social policy to support young people, including subsidizing the purchase or rental of housing, establishing guaranteed income related to raising children, developing programs supporting the nursery, pre-school and education, pediatric health care system, etc.
Examples of such programs of active socio-economic policy are: Family 500 Plus Program and Flat Plus Program (Mieszkanie Plus Program). Because these programs have been developed only for 3 years, so you can not objectively assert how they affect the demographic structure of society, or motivate you to make decisions about having a larger number of children. In order to be able to answer this type of questions objectively, ie with regard to relevant scientific data, these Programs should be conducted with a minimum of 2-3 subsequent generations of citizens.
On the other hand, there has already been a noticeable increase in consumption for various types of goods purchased by citizens, which has a pro-development effect on the economy as it increases the level of economic growth. It may be one of the key elements of the socio-economic policy of anti-crisis, countercyclical importance, ie increasing the resilience of the domestic economy to global economic crises and the slowdown in global economy growth, e.g. the currently observed slowdown in global economy caused by the so-called war wars and other restrictions on the development of international trade.
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
How can changes in the demographic structure of society affect the economic development of the country?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
I'm exploring methodological issues and looking for sources and literature related to psychoanalytic methods used in social science research.
Thank you in advance for any ideas you might have!
In which areas of science are adequate research carried out by research teams, and in which areas, scientific disciplines are research conducted by researchers more often? Do you know fields, disciplines in which research is usually conducted by research teams? Do team research projects have specific attributes that generate additional added value or do they have an advantage over research conducted individually by scientists?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
What is your opinion on this topic?
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation.
Thank you very much.
What are the advantages of conducting research in international research teams?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
IV(1) in my cross sectional observational study is a significant positive predictor for the DV in linear regression, and IV(2) is a significant negative predictor of the DV.
IV(1) has a positive pearson correlation with the DV, however when you do a partial correlation controlling for IV(2) the correlation between IV(1) and the DV becomes non-significant. (this relationship does not occur in the other direction, a.k.a correlation of IV(2) and DV, controlling for IV(1) remains the same and significant)
I'm confused as to why the correlation becomes non-significant when controlling for IV(2), but when both the variables are in predictors in the regression they remain significant independent of each other.
Why is this the case, and how would you suggest going about interpreting this?
For Psychology (and other aspiring sciences and for even for good established sciences): Isn't it better to speak and write in terms of "conditions-for" instead of 'causes'?
My answer: Yes. Yes. Yes. Most usually. (Most certainty for a Biological science, like Psychology; HERE I am talking about a science of behavior patterns PER SE (i.e. "just behaviors"). (What is closest to a 'cause' is what ethologists call: proximate causes.))
For some certain persons: If you do not like negative feedback, do not read below the line, directly below.
This present Question is especially for some certain individuals (who I read): The above Question is something useful to think about OTHER THAN philosophy and especially philosophical Questions about "Consciousness" and "philosophy-and-science". Those Questions are useless, senseless, ridiculous Questions that most certainly will lead nowhere (certainly nowhere useful). Consider my present Question instead, for "therapy".
Dear Research Gate Members,
It has been observed worldwide that the individual with weak immune system can be easily attacked by Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19). The prominent health experts are also suggesting to improve immune system against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19).
Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
How can we strengthen our immune system to fight against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread?
Thanks & Regards
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. Any input, support, publication links or comments will be highly appreciated!
Thank you in advance!
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
I'm trying my hand at multilevel modeling during my master's dissertation. I have three levels: firms, industries, regions. I'm having the issue of many of my firms having multiple activities. As an example, some firms that do sea transportation and fishing, or even sea transportation and garbage removal, or selling plants and repairing cars etc. I didn't think of this issue in the beginning. Is it possible for the observations (firms) to belong to several level 2 variables? What solutions are available to me? I could always just delete their other activities and only take into consideration the first activity they provide, but that feels like a last resort kind of solution.
I have always been looking for a higher Impact Factor journals in Social Sciences but found a few with nominal IF. But when it comes to comparison with Natural Sciences journals, there is a big difference in the IF number. Are natural science fields way too superior to Social Sciences?
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. Any input, support, publication links or comments will be highly appreciated!
Thank you in advance!
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
I'm working with life satisfaction as my dependent variable and some other independent variables that measure purchasing power (consumption, income and specific expenditures). To take into account the diminishig marginal returns of this last variables (following the literature) I transformed them in terms of their natural logarithm. However, now I want to compare the size of the coefficients of specific expenditures with the ones of consumption and income. Specifically, I would like some procedure which allows me to interpret the result like this: 1 unit of resources directed to a type of expenditure (say culture) is more/less effective to improve life satisfaction in comparison with the effect that this same unit would have under the category of income. If I just do this with withouth the natural logarithm (that is, expressed in dolars) the coefficients change in counterintuitive ways, so I would prefer to avoid this.
I was thinking about using beta coefficients, but I don't know if it makes sense to standarize an already logarithmic coefficient.
I love those formidable exceptions when style is not merely an invisible background to argumentation in academic writing. The first sentence of the first paragraph in a scientific paper should grab the readers attention and lead to the thesis statement.
What are your favourite examples of good opening sentences?
Here is a favourite of mine, from Murray S. Davis’ 1971 paper, “That’s Interesting! Towards a Phenomenology of Sociology and a Sociology of Phenomenology” (Perfect title, too!):
“It has long been thought that a theorist is considered great because his theories are true, but this is false.”
Another one: Robert K. Merton’s opening sentence for his 1938 classic, Social Structure and Anomie:
"There persists a notable tendency in sociological theory to attribute the malfunctioning of social structure primarily to those of man’s imperious biological drives which are not adequately restrained by social control."
What are your favourite first sentences? Please share in the comments.
Dear Science Community
What is your experience with the open-access journal Social Sciences (ISSN Print: 2326-9863)?
Since I had a publication in a high-ranking journal, I have been receiving requests for submissions, or as a reviewer. There are to many predatory journals ....
Web site and e-mail exchange were okay.
Thanks for your answers
In a research project funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, we are currently trying to establish indicators and quality criteria for measuring the social impact of the social sciences and humanities. We are interested in the question of what social impacts SSH has and, of course, where the limits of measurability lie. Do you know of any relevant literature that deals with the social impact of SSH? I would be grateful for hints.
What are the most important methods and statistical tests used in experimental studies in social sciences?
When considering determinants for micropolitical behaviour, I am particulary interested in the dependence on qualification and competence when using micropolitical strategies. As part of my research, I would like to find out how and why people tend to which micropolitical strategies depending on their qualifications and skills. Therefore I would like to ask for information regarding the current scientific state of research on micropolitical behaviour, particulary in the strategies used.
Some time ago I shared my scientific essay with GRIN. They offered me selling hard copy of this work via GRIN site or Amazon and pdf version to download from GRIN. I prepared pdf version of the paper and upload it, but I must admit there was inconsistency between final version active on site and pdf version that I have shared with them - problems with accurate formatting. Even if I selected for free option, little price was set up for downloading the pdf. Each one who wants to upload its own paper, has to agree with conditions, and one of them is that the paper will be active at least for 5 years under agreed conditions.
Still I have doubts if I did wrong or good sharing my essay with them. As a publisher was GRIN suitable choice indeed? What do you think? What experience do you have with this publisher?
Thanks in advance for your reply!
Hi, im new to using a qualitative data software and wanted to try use it for the first time on my social sciences study involving the use of interviews and focus group method. Would you recommend atlas.ti or qda miner lite? My choices are limited because of the language input will be Thai (according to my understanding) which is why i have narrowed it down to these two softwares. I dont really know the differences/adv/disadvantage of the two, can you please help? Thank youuu
As you know, the publication of scientific studies in particular is a fundamental objective. However, there is an opinion that since the establishment of the Social Sciences, publications have served the intelligence of states rather than the scientific community. According to this view, the publication of scientific studies is particularly encouraged. In this way, especially developed states analyze almost all of these studies and make good reference to their own policies. In fact, do scientific studies serve the science or the policies of states? Do you think this is a conspiracy theory or is it a fact with a basis?
As an editor assistant, I frequently encounter conceptual papers and suddenly feel that I do not have sufficient devices to asses them appropriately.
Is there any "rule of thumb" or "guidance" that can help me to assess whether a conceptual paper is of quality or not
I read some of the documents to understand the aims and objectives of teaching and learning of social science. but I found that different scholars present different ideas to describe these aims and objectives. I would appreciate if someone can guide me to explore authentic materials that describes the aims and objectives of teaching as well as learning of Social Science in concrete manner.
These journals do not provide free access to the research content published on their websites. Can any one suggest some quality journals of Humanities and Social Sciences?
Kindly do share with me the sample questionnaire of Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) along with any of the reading material for the theory as well.
1). What are the major considerations that need to be taken account while framing a
questionnaire for the SEM.
2) After the data collection gets over how to convert the questionnaire information into
the excel sheet
Your valuable feedback/ information is of phenomenal to me. Kindly do spare a few minutes
of your valuable time. Thank you very much in advance.
Adhikari V V Subba Rao,
School of Management & Labour Studies,
Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)- Mumbai.
The concept of corruption
(Opening for a draft paper)
Corruption is a matter of “dishonest or illegal behavior especially by powerful people,” including, for instance, government officials or the police; and primary examples of corrupt behavior are bribery and any other inducement by improper or unlawful means.1 The varying forms and expressions of corruption may, in fact, form an unending list, since new, more sophisticated, subtle or covert forms are pretty sure to arise. The more corruption is exposed at any given time and place, the more subtle and covert it tends to become. Partly in consequence, attempts at definition and demarcation of corruption vary and are often problematic or incomplete; “the class of corrupt actions comprise an extremely diverse array of types of moral and legal offences undertaken in a wide variety of institutional contexts including, but by no means restricted to, political and economic institutions.”2
As Lincoln Steffens put a similar point, directly concerned with Gilded Age corruption in St. Louis, Missouri, one had to fear that, “… the exposures by Mr. Folk will result only in the perfection of the corrupt system.”
For the corrupt can learn a lesson when the good citizens cannot. The Tweed regime in New York taught Tammany to organize its boodle business; the police exposure taught it to improve its method of collecting blackmail. And both now are almost perfect and safe. The rascals of St. Louis will learn in like manner; they will concentrate the control of their bribery system, excluding from the profit-sharing the great mass of weak rascals, and carrying on the business as a business in the interest of a trustworthy few.3
In the wake of exposures of corruption in the press, indictments and convictions due to the work of St. Louis public prosecutor Joseph W. Folk, if the good citizens of the city would not or could not take things in hand, then corruption could simply mutate into some as yet unexposed or covert forms. As a general matter, though, in spite of the tendency toward subtler and more sophisticated forms, the old familiar patterns are always being rediscovered and deployed somewhere or other; they never completely die away.
The etymological source of the English word “corruption” is theological Latin,4 which followed traditions of translating ancient Greek moral and political thought. This background is reflected both in the call on moral standards involved in the condemnation and prosecution of corruption and in the broader usages of the word. Corruption, in a secondary sense, is a matter of departure or deviation from an original, or from what is pure, ideal or correct, as in “corruption of a text,” and “corruption of computer files”—where no moral evaluation need be involved. In their original Greek setting, Aristotle’s three “degenerate,” “digressive” or “perverted” (παρεκβάσείς, parekbasis) forms of government, viz., tyranny, oligarchy and (extreme) democracy, are regarded as degenerate precisely because they deviate or “swerve” from proper concern with the common good. They might therefore equally be said to be corrupt forms. As political scientist Samuel Huntington makes a narrower point, “Corruption is behavior of public officials which deviates from accepted norms in order to serve private ends.”5 But not all corruption is political.
1. Cf. “Corruption” in Merriam-Webster.
2. Seumas Miller 2018, “Corruption” in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. p. 6.
3. Lincoln Steffens 1904, The Shame of the Cities, H.G. Callaway ed. 2020, p. 39.
4. Theological Latin is mentioned in the great Oxford English Dictionary. In consequence of the Latin source, one finds cognate forms in many European languages: English, corruption, French, corruption, German, Korruption, Italian, corruzione, and Russian, korruptsiya. The English “corrupt” derives from Latin, corrumpere = co- + rumpere, “to break.”
5. Cf. Samuel P. Huntington 1968, “Modernization and Corruption” in Huntington 2006, Political Order in Changing Societies, p. 59.
In spite of our understandable and frequent focus on monetary exchanges involving government officials and favors, corruption need not involve exchange of money and may be either public or private. Public officials accepting envelopes stuffed with cash to favor bribe-givers in the exercise of official powers is perhaps the central, paradigm case of political corruption. Yet, surely, corruption may still exist where no money changes hands. Favoritism toward particular persons, groups or interests might be exchanged for other sorts of “inducements,” for instance, reciprocating preferences in hiring, employment advantages or promotions; and favoritism may involve exchange of useful “insider” information.6 “In some corrupt exchanges, such as patronage and nepotism” argues political scientist Michael Johnston, “considerable time may elapse between receiving the quid and repaying the quo, and the exchange may be conditioned by many factors other than immediate gain.”7
When illicit favoritism is practiced within a particular insider group involving partiality in dispensing jobs, opportunities and other advantages to friends, supporters or trusted associates, this favoritism is called cronyism. Favoritism and partiality toward one’s own family and kinship, nepotism, is illegal in American Civil Service employment practices, and restricted by the requirement to report possible conflicts of interest to stockholders in publicly traded firms. The charge of nepotism fails of legal application in privately owned firms. It is worth remarking, however, that the distinction between “public” and “private” agents and resources is not always entirely clear and straightforward.
The point is reflected in the history of corporate charters. For example, the British East India Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company long effectively ruled large areas of India and Canada respectively. Were these private trading corporations or colonial sub-polities of the British crown and government? Being both, of course, they could legally govern their respective geographic domains with priority and preference given to their own economic and trading interests and profits. The East India Company even had its own army which was effectively deployed in the Seven Years’ war (1756-1763).8 Chartered trading companies acting as sub-polities was a compromising configuration, though it long persisted. Again, while colonial Americans saw their chartered colonial governments as their own, requiring their representation and subject to “the consent of the governed,” the view from London was that they could be modified or abolished by parliament like any corporate or municipal charter in the kingdom.
Lincoln Steffens distinguished several classifications of municipal corruption. This is partly a matter of where to look for corruption. His typology includes police corruption which was especially prominent in the scandals of Minneapolis, and also found elsewhere, for instance, as reported in the Lexow Committee’s exposures of police corruption in New York City. Police corruption involves “protection” of and extortion from illegal but tolerated gambling and vices. Steffens sometimes found municipal corruption, centered in the mayor’s office, the executive and administrative departments and sometimes centered in the municipal legislatures. With corruption centered in City Council, the political bosses could often afford to tolerate a “clean hands” mayor. Steffens also describes financial corruption, for example in St. Louis, which involved “not thieves, gamblers, and common women, but influential citizens, capitalists, and great corporations.”9 Political bosses of the Gilded Age often enjoyed quite cozy relations to large financial and industrial firms or even owned banks themselves. Generalized civic corruption, exemplified by Philadelphia, “corrupt and contented,” involved direct ...
6. Cf. Sung Hui Kim 2014, “Insider Trading as Private Corruption,” UCLA Law Review, Vol. 61, pp. 928-1008: “Private corruption” is defined as “the use of an entrusted position for self-regarding gain.”
7. Michael Johnston 2005, Syndromes of Corruption, p. 21.
8. Relevant in comparison is the literature of Edmund Burke’s later speeches and documentation in the long impeachment process against Warren Hastings (1732-1818), the East India Company’s Governor of Bengal. See, e.g., Isaac Kramnick ed. 1999, The Portable Edmund Burke, Section V. “India and Colonialism,” pp. 363-406; Frederick G. Whelan 2012, “Burke on India.”
9. Steffens 1904, Shame of the Cities, H.G. Callaway ed. 2020, p. 71.
partisan manipulation of the electoral system and vote counts, integration of political patronage, federal, state and local, with favored business interests plus institutional and popular acquiescence in boss led, machine politics. Even people not directly involved in corruption, still prevalently “went along,” and adopted protective affiliation and coloring of the dominant party in order not to fall into
direct opposition to the party bosses and the machinations of the corrupt system. Even “heads of great educational and charity institutions ‘go along,’ as they say in Pennsylvania, in order to get appropriations for their institutions from the State and land from the city.”10
Though acceptance of bribes among political office holders is the paradigm, corruption also exists in other institutional contexts. For example, embezzlement by a business partner or favoritism in the allocation of funds by a corporate treasurer show the possibility of corruption in private spheres; and “insider trading” of stocks and bonds on the basis of privileged information is criminal in many or most important jurisdictions. Bribery may exist even in “non-profit” sports organizations, influencing the outcome of games or the award of sports events to particular localities. “Corruption involves the abuse of a trust,” writes Michael Johnston, “generally one involving public power, for private benefit.”11 But the involvement of public power and public financing may be more or less remote, unobvious or even absent. The fundamental objection to corruption is moral, whether or not particular forms of corruption are also legally prohibited—though not every moral failure counts as corruption. Corrupt actions are those that disrupt or strongly tend to disrupt moral habits of good character and/or the practices constitutive of the normative and governing purposes of institutions.
Structures favorable to “economic elite domination”12 may be public, semi-public or private. But in any case of corrupt, domination over public or private interests, there will likely and typically be some “ring,” “combine,” “boodle gang,” syndicate or circle (however tightly organized or tacit and diffuse) of self-serving insiders who ignore or discount the common, public interest or the overt, declared and approved purposes of semi-public or private organizations. More generally, “The pattern of corruption … exists whenever a power-holder who is charged with doing certain things, … is by monetary or other rewards, such as the expectation of a job in the future, induced to take actions which favor whoever provides the reward and thereby damages the group or organization to which the functionary belongs, … .”13
Although legal definitions enter into our concept of corruption, the concept is basically moral and normative. “No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause,” wrote James Madison in Federalist Papers, No. 10, “because his interest would certainly bias his judgment, and, not improbably, corrupt his integrity.”14 The law, a judge and jury are there to see to it that no one is the judge in his own legal case; and we need to be morally concerned with anyone being the judge in a moral conflict of interests to which the same person is also a party. This has a corrupting effect on personal integrity.15 Some degree of cognitive or emotional bias seems to come with the limits of human intelligence and moral sympathy, but persistent, conscious habits and policies based on acceptance or acquiescence in insider bias and favoritism contribute to corruption of every sort.
10. Steffens 1904, Shame of the Cities, H.G. Callaway ed. 2020, p. 141; 141n. The contemporary colloquial phrase in Philadelphia, often critical, is “to go along in order to get along”: a matter of acquiescence.
11. Michael Johnston 2005, Syndromes of Corruption, p. 11.
12. See Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page 2014, “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens,” on usage of this term.
13. Cf. Carl J. Friedrich 1972, “Corruption Concepts in Historical Perspective,” in Friedrich 1972, The Pathologies of Politics, pp. 127ff:
14. James Madison 1787/1937, in The Federalist Papers, No. 10, p. 56.
15. Cf. Zephyr Teachout 2014, Corruption in America, p. 9, Giving a sufficient condition: “a person is corrupt when they use public power for their own ends, disregarding others.”
Dear Friends and Colleagues from RG,
I wish You all the best in the New Year. I wish you a successful continuation and successes in scientific work, achieving interesting results of scientific research in the New Year 2019 and I also wish you good luck in your personal life, all the best.
In the New Year, I wish You success in personal and professional life, fulfillment of plans and dreams, including successes in scientific work, All Good.
In the ending year, we often ask ourselves:
Have we successfully implemented our research plans in the ending year? We usually answer this question that a lot has been achieved, that some of the plans a year ago have been realized, but not all goals have been achieved.
I wish You that the Next Year would be much better than the previous ones, that each of us would also achieve at least some of the planned most important goals to be achieved in personal, professional and scientific life.
I wish You dreams come true regarding the implementation of interesting research, I wish You fantastic results of research and effective development of scientific cooperation.
I wish You effective development of scientific cooperation, including international scientific cooperation, implementation of interesting research projects within international research teams and that the results of scientific research are appreciated, I wish You awards and prizes for achievements in scientific work.
I wish You many successes in scientific work, in didactic work and in other areas of your activity in the New Year, and I also wish you health, peace, problem solving, prosperity in your personal life, all the best.
Thank you very much.
I wish you the best in New Year 2019.
Happy New Year 2020.
I am from social science background and looking for some material that sums up data imputation methods in one reading material. The articles that I found describe the common methods used but I would like to know how the method was done. Thanks!
In my opinion, technologies for processing large data sets in Big Data database systems and other information technologies, information processing services on the Internet or data obtained from the Internet, including social media portals. The Internet of Things will continue to grow dynamically, support systems for enterprise management processes, computerized data processing, Business Intelligence, etc. In addition, other technologies typical for the current fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
In view of the above, the current question is: What information technologies will develop intensively in 2019?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.