Questions related to Social Science
Communication is the key-word for both COVID causes and effects. Consequently, "life will not be the same" for the Social Sciences too. Researchers will soon want to develop a broader vision and new perspectives. This question is an invitation to brainstorm the future of the social paradigm.
Doing research in multilingual contexts can be challenging, as many of you know. I do social science research in Spain, and occasionally come across terms that lack a direct translation between Spanish & English.
A real head-breaker is 'grassroot (initiatives)'. Does anyone have a good translation for this? I'm looking for a term that makes sense for the general public (as I work together with local communities), and is ideally also used in Spanish scientific literature.
The question refers to research in social sciences, the time between measurements would be one month.
I have been looking for either a formula, or an example in literature to base my estimate on.
In the health science, the Hierarchy of evidence is very clear, and distinguish between the all types of evidence, is a sistematic process, with steps and methodologies that clarify the process. But, some times is necessary use evidence from another souerces like, social sciences, economics, education, etc. and in that cases, the quality of evidence is of importance to be used and how evaluated this is blurred , so i would know how this can be evaluated and how is it ranked
When I look at the comments for interesting-looking articles, I hope to see remarks that address aspects of the contents of the articles, that aid understanding, or make useful suggestions. Instead I typically find scores of mere "congratulations" and no further information. This is completely useless and irritating, and what few informative comments there might be are buried and hidden in the mass of useless comments.
Hi all readers
If you know of any research groups, discussion groups, or conference resources in agent based modeling for social sciences / computational social sciences, please advise
My research is about the evaluation of curriculum (one subject of social sciences) at higher secondary level by using the CIPP model. I developed Research questions based on CIPP model.
I would be interested in what you see as the advantages and disadvantages of mixed-methods research in the social sciences. Do you do research with a mixture or combination of e.g. qualitative and quantitative research? Do you combine different quantitative or qualitative methods?
What challenges do you face (e.g., sampling, implementation, scope) and where do you see the limitations of the combination?
I have developed and validated a social sciences scale and now think it would be useful to band total scores into those who are 'dissatisfied', 'neither satisfied nor dissatisfied' and 'satisfied' for further statistical analysis (these correspond with the average Likert scale scoring that has been used in the scale). I am wondering would this undermine the factor structure that was used to create the scale, and whether doing so would be inadvisable? Many thanks for any help that you can offer.
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. Any input, support, publication links or comments will be highly appreciated!
Thank you in advance!
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
I mainly use surveys to collect data from people for my projects. I have been using SurveyMonkey to collect e-surveys and also enter 'field-paper' surveys, It is very good as I have both the practicalities of entering data with minimum or no errors (like using Access-Forms) and also share the survey online to target other people I may not capture on my 'field' data collections.
I am interested on the capabilities of epicollect5, and it has very useful things like, again create a form, being able to use it on-line or off-line and share for other people to collect. However, the type of questions you can create are limited and they don't adjust well to social surveys. Well, of course Epicollect5 is/was thought for other disciplines.
So, anyone knows of an alternative -FREE, as epicollect- for social science that would allow questions like matrixes, likert scales, rankings, multiple open-text in same question, or even adding a photo for people to rate or rank?
Thanks everyone for your opinion on this....
Although I have started to learn some techniques related to meta-analysis article, I am not sure what are the key principles or tips about choosing topics. I humbly invite experts to discuss topics about meta-analysis in social science. What are the principles researchers should know before start writing? What are the tips in choosing topic (how to choose a meaningful topic that can make contribution)? What is the potential of meta-analysis in future scholarship development and theoretical contribution?
Is Bartlett's test alone enough for hypothesis testing? or Chi square has to be tested along with in a dissertation for a Ph.D study in the field or social science?
In case study research
How to obtain multiple sources of evidence in the case of startups with no physical location and operating online and The data sources that the researcher can find It varies between the personal interview as a primary source, as well as their websites and the startups' accounts on social media (Twitter). As a result, the researcher will face a scarcity of multiple data sources that cover all study factors, except the interview, which will be almost the main source in this situation.
What are the most influential ontologies or taxonomies in the behavioral/social sciences? How did they make a difference? What does it mean to be an influential ontology or taxonomy? Citations? Use? Saved lives?
Over the last few months, I have come across several posts on social media where scientists/researchers even Universities are flaunting their ranking as per AD Scientific Index https://www.adscientificindex.com/.
When I clicked on the website, I was surprised to discover that they are charging a fee (~24-30 USD) to add the information of an individual researcher.
So I started wondering if it's another scam of ‘predatory’ rankings.
What's your opinion in this regard?
Mixed-methods researchers promote pragmatism as a paradigm by suggesting that it is directly linked to the needs of mixed-methods research. Scholars maintain that pragmatism provides a philosophical foundation for social science research, in general, and mixed-methods research, in particular (Morgan 2014a).
Many researchers still believe that mixed methodology should be done separately.
What is the take on the pragmatic approach where mixed methods adopt the use of both methods using one instrument/tool to collect data at the same time? This will either be QUANT+qual or QUAL+quant.
I am particularly interested in resources on/best ways to learn datasets/numeric evidence's interpretation and correlations between variables. Thank you!
Hello! I'm interested in building or joining existing research collaborations, but the channel our research office directs us to (researchconnect) seems better suited for hard sciences. Are there similar platforms or outlets for social sciences?
Of course i know it depends on the field and data i conducting the research in, and some fields like pharmacy or biology require very strict criteria.
But what i wonder is social science. I made a regression model to analyze the activity performed in urban space recently, which contains some variables whose p-value of t-test exceed 0.05 and rather close to 0.1. In this case can i apply relatively flexible criteria, 0.1 to each value?
And even if it's possible, applying criteria such as 0.15 won't be accepted, isn't it? Actually, several variables whose p-values are 0.1x are contained in the model
I would be very appreciate if you answer to my question and give a good reference regard to it.
Invitation to write theoretical or empirical articles for complexity forum on resilience from any perspective.
I have found my sample size based on the population of the city by using online sample size calculators like Survey Monkey. However, the number I get is about 200-300 and I am wondering is this the number of surveys I should distribute, or should I multiply this number by a number (if yes, what number?) or something to account for non-respondant?
I have heard a 5-10% response rate is common, and 10% of 300 is not much... so I am a bit confused about how to proceed.
I appreciate any help!
For example, research studies concerning part-time farming were famous in 1980s and 90s. Then, this trend was faded and not many recent research studies are found.
Are the research studies in social science influenced by the topics of political importance?
It seems that 'the social sciences' has a clearly defined core of disciplines - sociology, politics, anthropology - but is rather fuzzy at the edges. I'm trying to get my head around the concept, recognising that it is fluid and fluctuates historically. I wonder if the humanities, in so far as they study human society, are also social sciences? Are history of science and philosophy of science also social sciences? And does the opposition between 'social sciences' and 'natural sciences' hold since the natural sciences involve socially and culturally situated activities? In addition, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary fields such as environmental studies and pandemic studies seem to transcend these categories. I would love to hear your views.
Is age an important factor in obtaining a PhD? or is it entirely dependent on the discipline of study, area, and/or offering institution?
Most often, we hear that someone is too young or too old to hold a PhD in certain fields, such as social sciences (too young), science, and engineering (too old). A quick look at the statistics suggests that this idea is supported in some way, as seen below.
31.3 in the life sciences
30.2 in physical sciences
32.4 in the social sciences
30.5 points for engineering
40.5 years of education
34.5 points for humanities
36.1 Other non-S&E fields
Although there are a few exceptions, such as some senior citizens graduating with a PhD at the age of more than 80, the tendency appears to be as stated above.
What are your thoughts on the link between age and Postgraduate education, as well as the discipline of study?
I am a 52-year old young student pursuing research in social sciences. My topic is 'Adaptive Learning in Higher Education in India'
As I have completed the research, need a few international professors and Indian professors who can evaluate my thesis.
Kindly let me know if you have already guided research students and are interested in evaluating this thesis. Kindly share your contact details, please
I am looking for book recommendations on how to construct a scale, preferably with a focus on (and examples from) social sciences. Any suggestions?
Thanks in advance!
R programming language seems to have some benefits over SPSS, one being an open-source program. Getting an SPSS license is fairly costly. Knowing that SPSS is very popular in the social sciences, is the use of R acceptable?
What is the formula used by the Philippine Social Science Council used for the number of respondents in a random sampling and the applicable margin of error to be used the fact that I need a small number of respondents that must still be reliable for a study?
What do you consider to be the best methodological handbooks (covering both quali & quanti) for beginning researchers in the humanities and social sciences?
The views of doctoral students are particularly welcome :)
Many thanks in advance for your help!
I would like to know the difference between Ontology and Epistemological bases of research and the weaknesses and advantages. and how to use these for collecting data.
I have conducted a cross-sectional survey on a 1021 samples. The data is not normally distributed. What are the best statistical tools for analysing not normally distributed data? What are the best non-parametric tests for social science?
COVID-19 is changing the social life of all people. Jumping out of the personal aspect, how does it affect the family as a whole.
Family is regarded as the fundamental structure of the society, will COVID-19 changes the future family structure, unit and model?
How is it affecting gender issues too?
Besides, why is domestic violence increasing? Is psychology and psychiatry playing a role?
 Campbell AM. An increasing risk of family violence during the Covid-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives.
Forensic Science International: Reports vol. 2 (2020): 100089.
COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence
The pandemic paradox: The consequences of COVID‐19 on domestic violence
J Clin Nurs
I am trying to figure out what lab work can I do for social engineering subjects under humanities and social science. Please share your ideas.
The theory of social capital in the social sciences is well developed, considering not only sociology, but also political science and economics. However, in the modern world, which is called the period of formation and development of digital society, the question arises as to whether digital capital can exist? As a form of social capital, as a structure that reproduces social inequalities, as a mechanism for the institutionalization of social (and maybe digital?) Relations. What do you think about it? And how can digital capital be conceptualized in sociology?
I'm looking for co-authors Are you a master's or doctoral student in psychology, behavioural sciences, social work, counseling psychology or a related discipline and would like to co-author a study on the depth of emotional pain? If so, let's examine this together.
Have you ever wondered why people self-harm when they are in discomfort or emotional pain? Some curse injury by cutting or burning their flesh, punching or hitting oneself. They do this to divert attention away from the pain or to distract the brain. Can you fathom burning your skin in order to relieve emotional pain? We won't be able to grasp why individuals do what they do or how to help them unless we understand the depth of emotional agony. It is simple to discuss bodily pains caused by injury or illness. Non-physical pain, on the other hand, is difficult to discuss, and instant treatment is impossible.
I'm looking for social science articles -- in English/German -- that focus on companies moving within a city/metropolitan area and associated changes in employees' residential location and daily commuting patterns. Papers dealing with issues of staff turnover as a result of intra-urban company relocation are also very welcome. The reading material will be used for a M.Sc. group research project.
Which free software for text analytics tasks (such as text mining and sentiment analysis) can be recommended for social science researchers and students who do not have much background in programming or data science?
I understand that R could be the obvious answer for many, given its capabilities, I am specifically looking to shortlist 4 to 5 GUI/point-and-click options which can be recommended to early researchers and post graduate students in social sciences, especially Psychology.
I have experimented with KNIME and Orange, but won't certify them as 'friendly enough'. This could be because I did not spend enough time on them, though.
Most of the social science research follow a quantitative method that includes either a survey or structured interview. While some researchers expand their sample to nearly a thousand or more participants, others limit their sample to five interviews only. What is the base for considering a sample representatively acceptable to conclude results that affect decision making?
Where I can find out international conferences that focuses on social sciences area for presenting my research finding? Where I can access regular update of those conferences?
Why are there still people in the 21st century who in some countries do not accept the prevailing knowledge confirmed by scientific research who believe that the Earth is not round is only flat or that the Earth is the center of the Solar System, not the Sun or negating the process the evolution of the origin of various life forms on Earth, etc.?
In my opinion, it is not a question of faith but a lack of knowledge confirmed by scientific research. It is strange, however, that in the 21st century, in the face of the facts widely confirmed in the media, confirmed in many aspects scientifically, on the basis of experiments carried out, space expeditions are still people who ignore this widely available knowledge in the media and create their unjustified theories.
No wonder that even a few centuries ago and before, i.e. in a situation of widespread illiteracy and lack of universal access to knowledge and information, in the absence of media it was easy to maintain, promote anachronistic and illogical theories to implement a specific information policy for the needs of maintaining absolute power, which one of the attributes was access to knowledge and information deliberately restricted for a large part of society, and in some epochs, such as, for example, in the Middle Ages, deliberately limited research possibilities and deliberately placed barriers to the development of science. In such realities, totalitarianisms are easily formed and it is easy to carry out indoctrination of the society by propagating even illogical, unjustified ideologies that are not supported by any scientific research.
Therefore, nowadays access to knowledge and results of scientific research should be universal and unlimited. A large positive role in this matter is played by the Internet and Internet portals such as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How has the significance of scientific knowledge changed over the centuries from the point of view of the present day?
I invite you to the discussion
Some time ago I shared my scientific essay with GRIN. They offered me selling hard copy of this work via GRIN site or Amazon and pdf version to download from GRIN. I prepared pdf version of the paper and upload it, but I must admit there was inconsistency between final version active on site and pdf version that I have shared with them - problems with accurate formatting. Even if I selected for free option, little price was set up for downloading the pdf. Each one who wants to upload its own paper, has to agree with conditions, and one of them is that the paper will be active at least for 5 years under agreed conditions.
Still I have doubts if I did wrong or good sharing my essay with them. As a publisher was GRIN suitable choice indeed? What do you think? What experience do you have with this publisher?
Thanks in advance for your reply!
What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
Hello fellow researchers,
for my final thesis I want to examine if sustainability is a new status symbol and if yes, how strong it is and it's differences to luxury goods (and also if a luxury good is not "green" does this circumstance reduce it's symbolic power?).
Unfortunenately, I cannot find any studies in the past that examine status symbolism. More precisely, I need a scale or a model that measuers status perception or status symbolism (of any obejct).
Does someone has an idea where I can find such scale/model, or can someone post a study that uses or developed such scale/model?
I am thankful for every help.
Greetings from Germany :)
Hello fellow Researchers,
I have a question regarding the understanding of the theory of theory, especially in the case of research categorizations according to empirical / theoretical. It is about a literature review, which summarizes empirical as well as theoretical papers.
Do I categorize this review as theory or empirical? Per se, no new data is collected from empirical studies, although the literature review could be considered an empirical study. Has anyone by chance ever had the same problem and found an answer? :-)
Thanks and best regards
I need help to find a journal indexed in social science especially covered cultural or arcitectural heritage, I can also pay for the rapid publication. thanks.
There is probably no other science portal that would offer all the same functions for researchers as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Does the Research Gate research portal offer the most information services for researchers that researchers and scientists need?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
I hope to be entering a doctoral program in 2022, but while waiting, I would very much like to improve my understanding of applicable statistical uses and methods for use in the social sciences. My knowledge stops at coefficient of variation and does not solidly extend to ANOVA and chi-square. Much-needed leg up here in finding a self-paced, affordable, online stat package for social sciences (linguistics in particular). Thanks!
A data article is a type of publication for researchers to present and share their datasets, so that other researchers can use them. There are even magazines dedicated exclusively to publishing data articles like Data in Brief. An example can be seen at https://repository.urosario.edu.co/bitstream/handle/10336/23834/1-s2-0-S2352340920303681-main.pdf?sequence=1. Data articles are common in the natural sciences, but not in the social sciences and humanities. Do you know of any journals that publish datasets in the social sciences?
Which method is more accurate and popular for testing the validity and reliability of my scales?
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of: Sustainable development of a pro-ecological new economy?
What do you think is an important topic for discussion?
In my opinion, important questions concern the need to develop ecological and energy innovations that in the 21st century, economies should achieve sustainable development taking into account the dwindling resources and the development of civilizations and the negative effects of this development on the natural environment.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
My question is connected to rather unclear point of error correlation that many scholars encounter while conducting their SEM (structural equation modeling) analysis. It is a pretty often when scholars report procedures of correlating the error terms to enhance the overall goodness of fit for their models. Hermida (2015), for instance, provided an in-depth analysis for such issue and pointed out that there are many cases within social sciences studies when researchers do not provide appropriate justification for the error correlation. I have read in Harrington (2008) that the measurement errors can be the result of similar meaning or close to the meanings of words and phrases in the statements that participants are asked to assess. Another option to justify such correlation was connected to longitudinal studies and a priori justification for the error terms which might be based on the nature of study variables.
In my personal case, I have two items with Modification indices above 20.
lhs op rhs mi epc sepc.lv sepc.all sepc.nox
12 item1 ~~ item2 25.788 0.471 0.471 0.476 0.476
After correlating the errors, the model fit appears just great (Model consists of 5 latent factors of the first order and 2 latent factors of the first order; n=168; number of items: around 23). However, I am concerned with how to justify the error terms correlations. In my case the wording of two items appear very similar: With other students in English language class I feel supported (item 1) and With other students in English language class I feel supported (item 2)(Likert scale from 1 to 7). According to Harrington (2008) it's enough to justify the correlation between errors.
However, I would appreciate any comments on whether justification of similar wording of questions seems enough for proving error correlations.
Any further real-life examples of wording the items/questions or articles on the same topic are also well-appreciated.
I want to learn how to handle and analyse panel data and I am looking for references (handbooks, articles or any other material, but I prefer a good handbook). Preferably using STATA language and focus on social sciences applications. I look forward to your suggestions. Thanks beforehand.
What is the significance of philosophy for the development of sciences in the 21st century and in the context of the current technological revolution and dynamic technological progress and growing global problems?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
I'm looking for litterature on methods within documentary research. What titles are widespread, thorough and suitable for master's level? Are there any "classics" I should know? I have Tight, M (2019): Documentary Research in the Social Sciences. It seems really good to me!
I have created a mind map of a literature review on How Ontology, Epistemology And Axiology Relate To Develop New Knowledge Through Research Methodology And Research Design.
The summary is at :
I want critical comments on my thoughts.
The outline of the finding is as follows and you can follow the above link for a more clear image.
Please refer following links of ideas and make critics;
· I found that any research needs to add new knowledge
· That knowledge is resulted from answering a question/s or/and finding a solution/s
· Each problem or solution has its ontology, epistemology, and axiology
· The ontology, epistemology and axiology collectively form a research philosophy while those influence developing research questions or hypotheses or a mix of both regarding the problem or solution.
· As the research philosophy and questions/hypothesis origin from the same sources to both should be conceptually related to each other.
· Then research design is formulated to answer those research questions or hypotheses or a mix of both
· same time the research methodology is underpinning the particular research’s ontology, epistemology, axiology and philosophy continues
· Then research design and research methodology both make the selection of approach in theory development. As well, research design and research methodology make and formulate the rest of the steps in the research.
· After that, the steps are clear. However, the selections of methodological choices, strategies, data collection techniques and analysis techniques are interrelated decisions.
· Finally, all these activities resulted in new knowledge
In highly developed countries and economically fast developing countries there are analogous processes of changes in the demographic structure of society consisting in the aging of the population and the accompanying process of depopulation of cities, agglomeration, decreasing number of births, decreasing fertility rate in families. These processes, which are unfavorable for the economic development of the country, usually have at least several causes.
Extending the average life expectancy of citizens results from improved living standards, increased income and related improvements in quality of life, improvement of nutrition and improvement in the health care services sector. In addition, some of the lowly, educated people go to look for more interesting jobs and higher salaries by hiring in other countries. In a situation where young people paying off housing loans, are also burdened with various taxes, they are forced to work, to professional activity all adult members of the family of working age.
As a result, the pressure, the need to have more than 1 or 2 children are decreasing, and then the fertility decreases, which contributes to the decline in the number of citizens in the long term. In order to counteract this disadvantage for the national economy, this country should develop social policy to support young people, including subsidizing the purchase or rental of housing, establishing guaranteed income related to raising children, developing programs supporting the nursery, pre-school and education, pediatric health care system, etc.
Examples of such programs of active socio-economic policy are: Family 500 Plus Program and Flat Plus Program (Mieszkanie Plus Program). Because these programs have been developed only for 3 years, so you can not objectively assert how they affect the demographic structure of society, or motivate you to make decisions about having a larger number of children. In order to be able to answer this type of questions objectively, ie with regard to relevant scientific data, these Programs should be conducted with a minimum of 2-3 subsequent generations of citizens.
On the other hand, there has already been a noticeable increase in consumption for various types of goods purchased by citizens, which has a pro-development effect on the economy as it increases the level of economic growth. It may be one of the key elements of the socio-economic policy of anti-crisis, countercyclical importance, ie increasing the resilience of the domestic economy to global economic crises and the slowdown in global economy growth, e.g. the currently observed slowdown in global economy caused by the so-called war wars and other restrictions on the development of international trade.
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
How can changes in the demographic structure of society affect the economic development of the country?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
as I am working in applied research, I always come across the problem that knowledge is not applied in practice (theory-practice gap). Is there a particularly good paper / book to recommend about this? :-)
Best thanks and best regards
I found in a journal that it is abstracted / indexed in Clarivate Analytics: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). What it means? Whether the journal will get impact factor in near future?
Are publications in the journals ranked by Emerging Sources Citation Index (Clarivate Analytics) also included in Journal Citation Reports? Do your universities / governments put equivalent value on ESCI publications and SSCI publications while making a decision about faculty promotion?
I am interested in receiving feedback from people that finished their PhDs, but also from people judging the candidacies for academic positions.
As PhDs we all heard about the famous "Publish or perish" to describe the importance to publish during your PhD if you want to get a job more easily when finishing. I am asking mostly in social sciences because it is my field, but I am also interested in receiving feedback from other fields as well.
The time and effort we put in publications during our PhD, is it worth the struggle? Is it really making things easier when applying for academic positions, or is the teaching experience more important for instance? Many colleagues ask themselves this question. I am not denying the importance to publish your research, but I am curious to see how things are presented in other countries, universities, and fields.
Many scientists suggest that a good way to analyze the level of innovation in action, generate innovation in financial institutions, eg in banks, is conducting surveys among managers and department directors, departments in these institutions.
How should such surveys be carried out? What method of surveys is the most effective? Do online questionnaire forms are an effective instrument for carrying out surveys?
What other research techniques can be used to investigate the level of innovation in operation, generate innovation in financial institutions?
It's 99 days since the first case of COVID-19 in Hong Kong, and we are welcoming the 5th days of 0 new cases of COVID-19 following a week of <10 cases per day.
How should we define the end of a local endemic?
How long should the latent period be defined?
When is it safe to resume social activities?
Should territory wide screening of asymptomatic people be done before declaring the end of endemic?
For my thesis, I am investigating the relationships between the following three variables:
Independent Variable: Nominal (Yes/No)
Dependent Variable: Ordinal (5-point Likert Scale)
Independent Variable: Ordinal (5-point Likert Scale; also used above as dependent variable)
Dependent Variable: Ordinal (5-point Likert Scale; different from above)
I am facing a lot of difficulty in finding an appropriate analysis to conduct in order to investigate the relationships between my variables, especially given the ordinal nature of two of them, which apparently rules out t-tests and linear regressions. Any advice on which analysis to use for both hypotheses above would be appreciated.
What is important in building international research teams?
On what foundations should long-term scientific cooperation between scientists be developed?