Science topics: Social Science
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1) What are the differences between Order and Anarchy?
2) Any examples of Anarchy in Universe, Nature and know knowledge?
3) Anarchy also follow some rules?
4) Is Anarchy a part of Order?
5) Is anarchy a change maker?
6) Anarchy in real is an Anarchy?
7) Anyother parameters and observations on about anarchy?
Thanks
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First,
You have to write the definitions of each:
Anarchy: a state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of authority or other controlling systems. (Google Dictionary)
Order: the arrangement or disposition of people or things in relation to each other according to a particular sequence, pattern, or method. (Google Dictionary)
Second,
To know more about Order and Anarchy, you can buy Order and Anarchy book from Robert Hugh Layton.
Third,
If anarchy is strictly a synonym of disorder, than there is no rules that governs the system because by definition itself.
Fourth,
About observations of Anarchy as a political term, you have plenty of examples in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarchy
About observations of Anarchy as a biological or scientific term, you can read Paul Feyerabend's books.
Thanks for reading!
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Questions that ask whether or not some statement is true are called yes–no questions (or polar questions, or general questions), since they can in principle be answered by a "yes" or "no" (or similar words or expressions in other languages).
It could be interesting, that in everyday life, usually or statistically or empirically what is the more common answer to a yes/no question.
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I think yes
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Hi all researchers
Please note that the International Journal of Business & Social Science is a predatory journal.
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I would like to share some of the arguments why indeed the journal “International Journal of Business and Social Science (IJBSS)” (http://ijbssnet.com/index.php/home ) is predatory. The publisher behind the journal is “” (http://www.cpinet.info/ ) and this publisher is mentioned in the Beall’s list of (potential) predatory publishers: https://beallslist.net/ This is a warning sign and by itself not enough for the ‘verdict’ predatory, but there are more signs:
-The proud mentioning of a DRJI indexing is a (bad) sign since this is a notorious example of a so-called misleading metric often used by predatory journals: https://beallslist.net/misleading-metrics/
-No serious indexing (Scopus etc.) and the index page summarize meaningless info about Cabell etc. that misleadingly suggest a relation with the journal while there is none
-Papers have no submission and acceptance info
-Vague journals contact info (no physical address)
-The claimed physical address 432 Claremont Avenue New York, NY 10027 (proving their USA presence) is fake: http://www.cpinet.info/index.php?key=contact Just Google the address and one of the first hits mentioned ”Claremont Avenue is a short avenue on the upper westside of NYC near Barnard College and Columbia University. But there is no 432 Claremont. The avenue ends at 200 Claremont. It is clearly a residential neighbourhood”.
Although the assigned DOI to every paper seems to be legit I feel that too many red signs indicate that this is a journal (and publisher) one better should avoid.
Best regards.
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1st Euro International Multidisciplinary Conference on Technology, Engineering, Management, Education and Social Sciences EIMCTEMESS'21 12-16 November, 2021 Madrid, Spain.
I want to know whether this is a genuine link or fake.
I am invited by them as a speaker.
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As said by Rodney Duffett be careful with this one. Looking at their site: https://www.eimctemess.org/index.html I see (when scrolling down) a lot of suspicious (known as misleading metrics: ) logo’s like CiteFactor, DRJI and meaningless ones like DOAJ and Elsevier (I mean meaningless in the sense why are they added. Are they linked to Elsevier? Member of DOAJ? I don’t think so).
Still, it might be a good initiative. I suggest you contact Prof. Juan Arias Masa (Chair), according to their site he is a member of the organizing committee. He is here on RG and it might be a good idea to ask him about this. If he is aware of this and is willing to link his name to this it might be a legit organization.
Best regards.
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Nowadays, everyone is talking about the new variant of Corona virus COVID-19 and its affects are alarming throughout the world.
Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
What is your expert opinion/experience/suggestion about the new variant of Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19)?
Thanks & Regards
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UK variant of SARS-CoV-2 is more lethal than the dominant circulating strains.
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Dear Research Gate Members,
It has been observed worldwide that the individual with weak immune system can be easily attacked by Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19). The prominent health experts are also suggesting to improve immune system against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19).
Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
How can we strengthen our immune system to fight against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread?
Thanks & Regards
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Hi
I'm on my third year of an Open University degree. I'm coming towards the end and now preparing to think about questions to use for my final essay.
The concepts this module have been around 'security, attachment and conduct'.
The question that I've come up with after much thought is:
'How do women navigate, react and conduct themselves with a perceived threat from men'
I feel it will give me the agency to show all the skills I've learnt over the past few years and it feels relevant to today. However I would hugely appreciate some tips, advice and constructive criticism from those more experienced than I.
Thank you in advance.
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Thank you so much P. Laure. I was hoping to expand on the idea of threat in the essay.
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Which of the methods (Qualitative or Quantitative) would you encourage upcoming scholars to use? Please, any reasons?
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i think quality Rather than quantity
There exists a fundamental distinction between two types of data: Quantitative data is information about quantities, and therefore numbers, and qualitative data is descriptive, and regards phenomenon which can be observed but not measured, such as language.
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Who leads the advances in science?
Whether, practitioners research and develop new approaches, then scientists define the conceptual frames using the established methodologies
Or else?
Any empirical researches on this?
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Progress, including the development of technology, new discoveries, the development of science, the creation of innovative solutions, etc. is made thanks to the creative work of scientists, entrepreneurs, managers, citizens running a business and implementing innovations, new solutions, technologies for economic and other processes.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I am trying to obtain permission to use Muller/McCloskey scale on job satisfaction among nurses and in a meantime would love to see how it is scored.
I found references for factor loadings, correlations of the subscales etc. but need to look at scoring which is I think building into a continuous variable.
Thanking in advance to anybody who can help.
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This table in the paper below seems to show the original composition of the subscale
Lee, S.E., Dahinten, S.V. and MacPhee, M. (2016), Psychometric evaluation of the McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale. Jpn J Nurs Sci, 13: 487-495. https://doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12128
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I am trying to obtain permission to use Muller/McCloskey scale on job satisfaction among nurses and in a meantime would love to see how it is scored.
I found references for factor loadings, correlations of the subscales etc. but need to look at scoring which is I think building into a continuous variable.
Thanking in advance to anybody who can help.
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What is McCloskey/Mueller satisfaction scale?
· Learn more Originally developed to rank rewards that nurses value and that encourage them to remain in their jobs, the McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale (MMSS) is being used extensively in research and practice to measure nurse job satisfaction.
Background:The eight-factor, 31-item McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale is one of the most widely used scales for measuring job satisfaction among nurses. However, this scale was developed in 1990 for the American nursing context, and its psychometric validity and utility for use with non-American nurse
Mueller and McCloskey Satisfaction Scale (MMSS) Original Citation – Mueller CW, McCloskey JC. Nurses' job satisfaction: a proposed measure. Nurs Res. 1990 Mar-Apr;39(2):113-7. View in PubMed Contact Information Sharon Sweeney Center for Nursing Classification & Clinical Effectiveness College of Nursing 407 NB University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa 52242 sharon-sweeney@uiowa.edu Price & Availability – Contact Sharon Sweeney for application. Available for use with payment. Brief Description of Instrument – Measures nurses' job satisfaction in 8 domains: satisfaction with extrinsic rewards, scheduling, family/work balance, co-workers, interaction, professional opportunities, praise/recognition, and control/responsibility. Originally developed for use with hospital staff nurses. Scale Format – 5-point Likert (5=very satisfied, 3=neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, 1=very dissatisfied). 31 items. Administration Technique – Self-administered questionnaire.
Scoring and Interpretation – Sum items of subscale.
Test-retest Reliability – Global scale = 0.64, six month interval. For subscale information, please see original citation. 1 / 2
Mueller and McCloskey Satisfaction Scale (MMSS) Internal Consistency – Global Scale = 0.89. For subscale information, please see original citation. Construct Validity – Correlated with characteristics from the Job Characteristics Inventory. Correlations found in areas of autonomy, friendship opportunities, feedback, variety and task identity. Correlations with intent to stay on job also found. Please see original citation for details. Criterion-Related Validity – Correlated with Brayfield-Rothe General Satisfaction Scale, Hackman and Oldham's Job Diagnostic Survey. Correlations ranging from 0.53 to 0.75 were found. Please see original citation for details. Strengths – Reliable and valid measure. Limitations – Assess different job facets, but not how important that is to the individual nurse. Notes for Consideration – Can use as a global scale or as subscales as required. Published APN Studies using instrument – Koelbel P, Fuller S & Misener T (1991). An explanatory model of nurse practitioners job satisfaction. Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 3(1), 17-24. View in PubMed Koelbel P, Fuller S & Misener T (1991b). Job satisfaction of nurse practitioners: An analysis using Herzberg’s theory. Nurse Practitioner, 16(4), 43, 46-52, 55-56. View in PubMed Wild P, Parsons V, Dietz E (2006). Nurse practitioner's characteristics and job satisfaction. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 18(11), 544-549. View in PubMed Flannery J, Van Gaasbeek DE. Factors in job satisfaction of the psychiatric clinical nurse specialist. Nursingconnections. 1998 Winter;11(4):27-36. View in PubMed
Reference:
Muller McCloskey Job Satisfaction Scale MMSS is being scoring
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I have a doubt regarding whether we adopt mapping technique in social science research, were the population list is not available?
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To be more specific to your sampling task part of your question, using GIS I could classify the raster of my area of interest into, say, 3 categories ( urban, suburban, rural ), generate polygons of those, and have the GIS generate random points at a density suitable for each category. For the rural points, I could then generate for each of those points, a paired point on the local street / trail network closest to the sample point. If I have an address database, I can then use these to 'geocode' to the closest actual address for a mailed survey, a site visit etc. For the urban points, I could collect these by building footprints, and find the address of the building.
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My policy and science technology science advisor had one of the biggest impacts on my learning and self reflection of physical science interactions with the behaviors of humankind. For example, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks illustrated to me that while the intention to promote science and medicine is altruistic, the benefits of resultant outcomes were not equally distributed. More recently, as a mentor as part of an Innovation curriculum If I Understood You, Would I Have This Look on My Face gave me a different perspective of communicating STEM topics.
What books have you found to compliment STEM topics that include policy, social science and or science technology society topics?
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Moneef R Zou'bi , of course! Do you have any specific recommendations for books, research or other sources of information for students or professors?
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Valentin Amrhein, Sander Greenland, Blake McShane and more than 800 signatories call for an end to hyped claims and the dismissal of possibly crucial effects of statistical significance:
The biggest argument: “Statistically significant” or “not statistically significant” is too often easily misinterpreted to mean either “the study worked” or “the study did not work.” A “true” effect can sometimes yield a p-value of greater than .05. And we know from recent years that science is rife with false-positive studies that achieved values of less than .05:
There are a number published articles which substantiate above-mentioned views. It has been my personal experience that because of poor and erratic performance of check varieties across replications, LSD gets enhanced and we loose some promising candidate genotypes for ever. It is debatable whether the time has come to totally abandon the concept of statistiscal significance from biological or social science experiments. Dear RG members, you are most welcome to express your opinion.
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Dear Dr. Arbind K. Choudhary , I do not think so.
I agree with the information provided by you while initiating this discussion, the statistical significance (what or how much is acceptable range? - is debatable) and its relevance need further investigation.
I completely agree with Dr. Anamitra Roy , the pandemic has compelled us do continue our research work without much of statistical tools.
It should be noted that the statistical test are one of the ingenious methods of extracting the hidden truth (pattern). It saves us time, effort and money.
Warm regards
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We organize a panel on Social Sciences and artificial intelligence. We want to raise awareness about the work that social scientists can do in this field. I am waiting for the answers of those who have ideas or advice on this matter.
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By demonstrating them how artificial intelligence can revolutionize their social science field.
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I want to expand and publish a chapter of my dissertation which focuses on the question of social housing. Does anyone know where I can publish small books regarding social sciences, in particular art and architecture?
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Dear Rahmat, it depends whether you want to publish your book in a renown publishing house (such as Springer Nature or Elsevier), or whether you would be fine with just publishing it somewhere. There are lots of self-publishing models such as Lulu, Blurb or CreateSpace. You can read more here: https://mashable.com/2009/03/01/publish-book/?europe=true
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I'm looking for any SCOPUS indexed journal to send my article. Social science specifically in education field with minimum waiting period for the acceptance. I did contacted some journal editors based on scopus.com and scimagojr list via email but did not get reply till now. Appreciate your help in suggesting some journals to me. Thanking you in advance.
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Why do not you try Scimagojr? They offer journal rankings by categories and you can filter by regions and countries as well. Go to: https://www.scimagojr.com/
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As an expert in social sciences and social research and an enthusiastic person for immigration for acquiring new experiences, I would like to know which country is the best for social sciences experts for working or immigration? surely everyone knows a social sciences expert, unlike an engineer or lawyer, has not a clear and measurable skill I mean it is completely qualitative thus is there anyone to explain the secret of success in this major in other countries?
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A very good research school on migration studies can found in the countries that have a long experience with migration: United States, Canada, or Australia. I can recommend such names and George Borjas, David Card, or Douglas Massey to start with.
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I wanted to calculate the probability of one consumer shifting from using a petroleum-fueled vehicle to an electric vehicle. Since my background is in engineering I do not know much about how to measure the consumer willingness to change. Has anybody has the knowledge to measure consumer behavior to change and then kindly explain to me with understandable words?
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من خلال كثره الطلب على سلعه معينه بهذه الطريقه ممكن ان نعمل إحصائية
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My study consists of a conceptual framework with seven constructs measured in seven point Likert scale. According to pilot study, only three constructs have Cronbach alpha value more than 0.9 while others remain between 0.7 and 0.8.
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yes we can , that men the consistency is perfect, but I think its a rare result
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  • The context of the practical problem: with colleagues at National Agency of Education and Co-creators of renewed National Curriculum (2019-2022) we discuss, how to empower curriculum for General education and to investigate suggestions practical advices/recommendations for teachers?
  • The main challenge to understand educational practice: to investigate, what challenges appears for student and teacher at every lesson? how to make clear examples the integration of P-C-A domains and P-C-A skills, abilities and attitudes development for teachers (pre-primary, primary, basic and secondary education)?
  • The development scientific discussion: how to balance the psychomotor, cognitive and affective skills and attitudes development for different subject areas, curriculum.
  • The need to collect the material for background: to find and share related scientific issues for STEM, Arts, Mathematics, Literature, Technologies, Science, Social sciences curriculum development.
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Dear Joseph Crant , thank you!
I am so glad, that my "dry" question gave you so fruitful and emotional memories :) I will share with my Dad, will check what will be his answer... :)
...at the same time, you developed great idea of the hypothesis, that long-lasting memory has possibility to catch SOME important? memorable? unique? or may be enough spacious or flexible for misunderstanding? so far...
Thank you
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After studying Consumer Brand Engagement (CBE) literature (Hollebeek et al 2014) I wonder how to use the CBE scales and what for?
The CBE scales contain usually three dimensions:
Cognitive: Using [brand] gets me to think about [brand].
Affective: I feel very positive when I use [brand].
Activating1: I spend a lot of time using [brand], compared to other [category] brands.
Scholars that use the scales in their studies can get results about what are consumer reactions (natural science?) to particular brands. However they can't study how the brands inspire (social sciences) consumers to transform their value formation practices, can they? It limits the scientific critic of brand values.
I would argue that the consumer-brand engagement concept contains the hidden assumption that consumers choose what is best for them or at least they can rank or order the offers according to the personal preferences. Scholars who use the concept (together with the assumption) don’t study values/principles which are independent of observed individual interactants choices and valuations – they put the values (causes? inspirations?) into the black box in their studies.
The problem is known in economics (the social-science-based economists criticize the natural-science-based economists with different outputs) but not recognized in brand management I suppose.
What do you think?
Literature
Hollebeek L.D., Glynn M.S.. and Brodie R.J. (2014) Consumer Brand Engagement in Social Media: Conceptualization, Scale Development and Validation, Journal of Interactive Marketing 28(2): 149-165
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I have just published the paper about overcoming the customer engagement scales. This is my first trial of working on it.
The real purpose of purpose-driven branding: consumer empowerment and social transformations📷, February 2021, Journal of Brand Management
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Hello,
I am seeking recommendations from the Research Gate community regarding studies about
the IT and Artificial intelligence solutions to assisting medical emergency cases.
What are the perspectives and future works that could be done in this area?
Best regards,
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I am making a questionnaire for research purpose.
please give your valuable suggestions.
Thanks.
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The different types of Answer Scales
There are three types of answer scales that can be used in surveys. The terms used to describe them are:
Categorical – where there is no assumption about relationships across the various answer options (e.g. male/female; red/yellow/green)
Ordinal – where a basic assumption of “rank order” exists in the answer options (e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd; <15yrs old, 15yrs-25yrs, >25yrs old), and
Continuous – where the association across all the answer options assumes a continuous relationship (e.g. age and length or distance where the value options are continuous and not reduced or grouped into categories).
Most survey designers try to develop “continuous” answer scales because these scales have the properties of numbers and much more powerful statistical tests can be used (e.g. averages can be calculated and all statistics available to the manipulation of numbers can be applied).
There are several industry practices that need to be followed to get maximum advantage from any opinion survey. These are:
  1. it is usual practice to use a “Likert-type” answer scale (five point scales) because it measures both the strength and direction of opinion;
  2. this allows benchmarking across many industries and many similar surveys as the Likert answer scale is by far the most common;
  3. five point scales are used because they are the most parsimonious way of measuring opinions (3-points does not offer sufficient options, 7or more points offer too many discriminations and are usually only used where the target audience is more capable of finely discriminating);
  4. the answer options must have certain characteristics including that:
Ø they must form a “continuum” – so that the answer options flow uniformly from each option as the intensity of response increases (or decreases);
Ø they must be balanced (i.e. there is a mid-point and an equal number of positive and negative options) – think of a see-saw as the metaphor;
Ø all answer options should be “behaviorally” or “verbally” “anchored (i.e. each option should have an explanation of what it means);
Ø the conceptual difference between any two points on the scale should be identical (i.e. the difference in intensity of opinion between a “1” and a “2” should be equal to that between a “4” and a “5” or any other two contiguous points on the scale).
5. the mid-point on the five-point scale should not break the continuum of the answer scale. It should usually be written as “neither/nor” or “in between”.
6. It is convention to offer a sixth answer option of “not applicable” or “don’t know”, so that those who are unable to answer a specific question can be eliminated from the data analysis.
7. these principles are important because the statistical calculations (parametric statistics) require that the answer options have certain characteristics before the statistics can apply (i.e. correlations, calculation of means, factor analysis and more the detailed and incisive inferential statistics)
Answer scales which have an even number of response options are not “balanced” and are therefore “polarized” – this means that the answer options do not form a continuum and many of the usual statistics that are calculated will be meaningless.
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I have two publications one listed in the web of science master list " European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences " ISSN: 1805-3602 and Second " Journal of Managerial Sciences"
ISSN: 1992-4364, Listed on HEC Pakistan in Y category.
Need your advice and suggestions.
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The RG doesn't accept requests to manually add journals to its database as it imports journal data from CrossRef only.
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Hello everyone,
I need to find a journal that applies discourse analysis, but I am having trouble finding one.
Does anyone have a suggestion on how to look for such journals or maybe even have a specific one in mind?
Thank you very much.
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Michal Bron Jr - Thank you so much! This is very helpful!
Best,
Seong
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Hello,
I would appreciate it if you could suggest me studies based on natural language processing (NLP) to help assisting medical emergency cases.
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I have been working in the field of domain specific artificial intelligence and domain specific synthetic languages for several years. This is a very important question. I discussed this subject with a colleague just yesterday. A few notes from our discussion follows.
There are some jobs where a person’s eyes and hands must be free to perform their work, yet they must be able to communicate with other people and computer systems that help them perform that work. In some of these jobs, safety is most important.
Although systems like Alexa and Siri are already in wide use, they do not today provide the degree of reliability and safety that would be required for use in an emergency room or neonatal ICU.
In such cases, it would be prudent to a create a task specific synthetic language designed for communication between humans and computer systems while humans perform their work, and computers answers questions, provide information, control task specific equipment, and other functions, thereby enabling a person to perform their work with their hands and eyes free to focus on the task at hand.
In short summary this would require implementation of computer systems that are able to:
· reliably hear and process spoken words
· translate spoken words into human and machine-readable form (text)
· verify that the spoken words, in human and machine-readable, form comply with the specification (grammar) of the synthetic language
· determine what question or command has been voiced by the human,
· invoke the procedure that will answer the question, provide requested information, or perform the command using task specific equipment.
· reply in some audible or visible form if the spoken words were not recognized or if the spoken words in human and machine-readable form do not comply with the specification of the synthetic language, or if they are used in the wrong context.
For added safety, before such capability is put into use, it would be necessary to generate many requests and commands both correct and incorrect in their formation to verify that both correct and incorrect commands can be successfully categorized as such.
For added safety, before such capability is put into use, it would be necessary to generate many requests and commands and to verify that the correct procedures are invoked, and through simulation, verify that the procedures safely perform the intended action.
Simply stated, a synthetic language is a set of words and set of rules for how to create requests or commands using the words of that language that can be spoken by a human, recognized by a computer, properly interpreted by a computer, and safely translated into the intended actions.
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The short and to-the-point text is here and I for one gladly co-signed this declaration, just as I also co-signed the balanced approach statement issued in July 2020 by 23 public health experts (http://balancedresponse.ca/open-letter/ ).
On a related note, I haven't yet seen this excellent paper anywhere on this site, and it is free access:
Stephen Thomson, Eric C Ip, (2020). COVID-19 emergency measures and the impending authoritarian pandemic. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, , lsaa064, https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsaa064
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Yes! I am anxious about the current development.
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Which is the best book for understanding Social Sciences Statistical analysis tools?
Hello Friends!
I have been in search of best book for understanding and applying social sciences statistical analysis tools. I am new in this field please seniors recommend some best books on the topic.
Thanks
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Read the fundamentals of the research.
Champion, D. J. (1970). Basic statistics for social research. Scranton: Chandler Publishing Company.
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Social desirability and behavioral changes at different spatial and temporal scales are crucial in the study of environmental questions: How to represent the complexity of these phenomena and assess their uncertainty to build a valid socio-ecological model?
Particularly in an agent-based model, how to take into account and represent social desirability and behavioral changes (unconscious or forced) within their decision-making process?
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Er! Maybe a private message is called for...
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Giorgio Agamben has been influential in critical circles in the social sciences for quite some time now. He has been deeply worried of how the COVID-19 pandemic has been exploited as an opportunity to bring in authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and a new political rationality centered around biosecurity. He decries..."the new paradigm of biosecurity, to which all other exigencies will have to be sacrificed. It is legitimate to ask whether such a society can still be defined as human or whether the loss of sensible relations, of the face, of friendship, of love can be truly compensated for by an abstract and presumably completely fictitious health security".
Are there scholars from within the academic left who have picked up this line of thought to develop it? In my home discipline human geography I've been surprised by the lack of deep criticism (so far!) against the authoritarian management of the pandemic and the brutally quick undermining of hard-won freedoms in the name of a very elastic notion of "safety". This press release describing the situation in August 2020 in Melbourne sent chills down my spine:
The debate in the latest issue of Dialogues in Human Geography didn't strike me as genuinely critical despite the self-professed label of "critical geographer" many of the invited parties espouse. I checked Derek Gregory's blog, since he was instrumental in popularizing Agamben's thoughts in critical geography, but there's no entry on Agamben & COVID-19. Radio silence...
By the way, if an Anglo-American publisher reads this, please consider translating into English Patrick Zylberman's book Tempêtes microbiennes, Gallimard 2013. Agamben praises it highly in the blog entry I linked to above:
"Already in a book published seven years ago, now worth rereading carefully (Tempêtes microbiennes, Gallimard 2013), Patrick Zylberman described the process by which health security, hitherto on the margins of political calculations, was becoming an essential part of state and international political strategies. At issue is nothing less than the creation of a sort of “health terror” as an instrument for governing what are called “worst case scenarios.” It is according to this logic of the worst that already in 2005 the World Health Organization announced “2 to 150 million deaths from bird flu approaching,” suggesting a political strategy that states were not yet ready to accept at the time. Zylberman shows that the apparatus being suggested was articulated in three points: 1) the construction, on the basis of a possible risk, of a fictitious scenario in which data are presented in such a way as to promote behaviors that allow for governing an extreme situation; 2) the adoption of the logic of the worst as a regime of political rationality; 3) the total organization of the body of citizens in a way that strengthens maximum adherence to institutions of government, producing a sort of superlative good citizenship in which imposed obligations are presented as evidence of altruism and the citizen no longer has a right to health (health safety) but becomes juridically obliged to health (biosecurity). What Zylberman described in 2013 has now been duly confirmed".
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I find Bernd Käpplinger 's observation about Giorgio Agamben's language quite apt. For me, Agamben's language is as radical as his philosophy. The language is far from being lucent.
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Hello, I found a survey about attitude toward language in an article which I find fit to use it in my thesis.
The survey has 30 questions, which were put into 5 factors through factor analysis with varimax solution and were calculated the internal consistency estimate of reliability for each factor.
Items with a minimum eigenvalue of 1.0 and that loaded on a factor at a level of .45 and above were kept; items that loaded on multiple factors at .32 or higher or with little theoretical connections to the factor were deleted
The problem is if I want to use this survey, is there anything I can do to validate or make sure it is reliable. I can only think of giving it a pilot test and calculate cronbach's alpha for each item.
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I agree with Robert Trevethan and I had much the same reaction to the original factor analysis. I think the bottom line is that if you do conduct a pretest, you should use better procedures (including an oblique rotation) and not expect an exact reproduction of the earlier results.
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With the appearance of COVID-19 vaccines on the market, many available choices are there.
Which one is good?
Which one is safest?
Which one is most expensive?
Which one is easiest to store?
How many doses are required?
Other than intramuscular injection, any other forms?
How to check immune response after?
Do we need post-injection blood test?
Do we need annual booster dose?
Do we need new vaccines every year by prediction as if flu vaccines?
Any contraindications?
Any allergy from vaccination?
Do we need to mask after injection?
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Agreed with dear Arvind Singh
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Apparently, the largest technology companies are already working on a new type of electronic gadgets, which in the next stage of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, will replace smartphones.
Therefore, I am asking you: What type of electronic gadget will replace smartphones in the future?
Please reply.
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Voicebots, I guess.
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Is the development of computerized advanced information processing technologies, ie technologies typical of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0, currently one of the major determinants shaping contemporary philosophical concepts describing the role of science and conducted research?
In some countries over 90 percent. official matters citizens now settle through the Internet at home. Similarly with payments and transfers via the Internet as part of electronic banking. In addition to laptops, tablets, smartphones and smartphones, more and more devices allow access to the Internet. Therefore, more and more devices offer various information services available on the Internet. More and more people use the Internet as the main global information medium. The time spent on reading books decreases and the time spent on browsing information portals and social media portals on the Internet increases. In this way, people's habits and social behaviors change. This situation can also influence the role and importance of science in the modern world.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Is the development of computerized advanced information processing technologies, ie technologies typical of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0, currently one of the major determinants shaping contemporary philosophical concepts describing the role of science and conducted research?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Philosophy of science focuses on metaphysical, epistemic and semantic aspects of science... American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). 2011.
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Yes, in my country, the Scopus indexing base is considered one of the most important. The Scopus database is recognized as the main scientific database for the indexation of scientific publications characterized by high citation. However, on a global scale, the bases of indexing scientific publications recognized in various countries by various centers and scientific institutions are at least a dozen or so. However, these various indexing bases are not usually fully comparable, they are functionally differentiated and thanks to that they are only partially substitutable, but more often they are complementary. The question of complementarity should be developed. Then it will serve the development of scientific research and international cooperation of scientific communities.
In view of the above, I am asking you with the following question: Is the Scopus database recognized in your country as the main database for the indexation of scientific publications?
And if not the Scopus database, which other database of publications and scientific journals is considered the most important in your country?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
What do you think about this topic?
Please reply.
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation.
Thank you very much.
Best wishes.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Dr. Dariusz Prokopowicz , I hold similar views - Dr. Avishag Gordon.
In India, the University (where I work) and many other Universities started seriously considering the Scopus index for Ph.D thesis submission ( 2 articles in scopus indexed journals), promotion (computing scores), and research grants (to assess quality of research undertaken so far) and Ph.D guideship (atleast 2 in scopus or SCI or SSCI)....
So, the point is Scopus is gaining acceptance/importance but there are other indexes too...considered equally important.
Warm regards Yoganandan G
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Dear all and any,
I have run a mediation analysis on SPSS using the PROCESS extension (model 4). My results don't really make any intuitive sense, where my ID (availability of healthy fast foods, has a negative association between psychosocial determinants in regards to eating healthy fast food options, where theoretically it should either have no association or a positive one.
Im wondering therefore
1) is this an inconsistent mediation / do my mediators act as suppression variables?
2) how would i interpret these in my results section?
3) what I can actually conclude from this?
independent variable: availability of healthy fast foods
dependent variable: intentions to consume healthy fast food options
I have 4 mediators: Cognitive Attitudes (CA), Affective Attitudes (AA) , Capacity PBC, Subjective norms (SN)
RESULTS
my total effect (path c) : negative and significant
path a's (x on m) : CA = negative , non-significant / AA, Capacity PBC, SN = negative & significant
path b's (m on y) : all positive and signifcant
direct effect (path c'): positive and significant
inidrect effects: CA: negative / non sig AA, SN, Capacity PBC : negative, significant
My thesis is due tomorrow, I'm so desperate, PLEASE HELP!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! I would really appreciate it
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Hi David Morse , thank you so much for your response.
1. yes, this would theoretically make sense, though what does it actually mean when comparing it to the total effect?
2. not so much, i may have to think of an interpretation for this. though statistically, it does make sense considering the total effect is is negative
3. no these are expected, at the cognitive factors relate to attitudes, etc etc in regards to eating healthier fast food options (should have mentioned that before, sorry)
Thank you for your help!!!
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Could anyone suggest me the Journal in social science for fast publication (Scoups) with some impact factor?
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International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy (emerald)
1 month
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I want to take suggestions to know the main points which should be remembered in any social science research especially in the field of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
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Dear Monirul;
Sociological study seldom takes place in limited, tight quarters. In their own offices or facilities, sociologists never research subjects. Sociologists go out into the world instead. They meet subjects in which individuals live, work and play. Field research refers to the compilation without performing a laboratory experiment or a survey of primary data from a natural environment.
It is a type of assessment suited not to the scientific method but to a conceptual setting. The sociologist must be able to move into new environments and observe, interact, or observe such worlds in order to perform research work. In field work, sociologists are the ones out of their element, instead of the subjects.
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Online Education / Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH) are the ultimate new realities for many in the world due to Pandemic Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread. In this situation, many organizations and Educational Institutions are practicing “Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH)” now on regular basis. Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS became the top priorities for most of them. Many organizations and Educational Institutions are still thinking to switch the meeting platforms. In this scenario, it’s really important to share your expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert suggestions and/or recommendations on the following question.
Have you observed the improvements in Online Meeting Platforms during COVID-19? In this context, how will you compare Google ZOOM & Microsoft TEAMS?
Thanks & Regards
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Microsoft teams is the best platform for team meetings, group discussions and group seminars..
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Hello Seniors!
Please guide me what are the names of the biggest databases of books, journals, conferences, etc for Social Sciences?
There are dozens of databases which are made for a specific field of science. Is there any specific database for Social Sciences like Political Science, International Relations, Sociology?
Thanks in advance.
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Dear Colleague,
are you interested in "the biggest" or the most relevant? You complain about "specific field of science" but ask for exactly such?
Yes, there are very general databases as well as a great number of more specific. International and national.
To guide you towards the most relevant one needs to know more about your interests.
I would rather suggest the following - if you are associated to any university (as a student, teacher, researcher) you should contact university library. Staff there conduct no research by their own, but usually is very competent in guiding students and scholars. You will learn there which databases are available for you (which are subscribed).
In short - a visit to your university library is a very good beginning.
Wish you luck
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The journal is published by European Open Access Publishing (EUROPA), this publisher is included in the updated version of the Beall’s list: https://beallslist.net/#update
-The contact info of this ‘publisher’ is vague
-For an ‘European’ journal the APC is suspiciously low (39 euro)
-No content during the entire first year
I would say better to avoid this one.
Best regards.
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organizational ambidexterity simply talks about explosive and explorative innovation and how can this variable used with different variables i.e. leadership, resources, organization antecedent. this question generally asks about the phenomena in social sciences.
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The awareness create ambidexterity in both exploration and exploitation, within incremental versus radical innovation
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Dear Friends and Colleagues from RG,
I wish You all the best in the New Year. I wish you a successful continuation and successes in scientific work, achieving interesting results of scientific research in the New Year 2019 and I also wish you good luck in your personal life, all the best.
In the New Year, I wish You success in personal and professional life, fulfillment of plans and dreams, including successes in scientific work, All Good.
In the ending year, we often ask ourselves:
Have we successfully implemented our research plans in the ending year? We usually answer this question that a lot has been achieved, that some of the plans a year ago have been realized, but not all goals have been achieved.
I wish You that the Next Year would be much better than the previous ones, that each of us would also achieve at least some of the planned most important goals to be achieved in personal, professional and scientific life.
I wish You dreams come true regarding the implementation of interesting research, I wish You fantastic results of research and effective development of scientific cooperation.
I wish You effective development of scientific cooperation, including international scientific cooperation, implementation of interesting research projects within international research teams and that the results of scientific research are appreciated, I wish You awards and prizes for achievements in scientific work.
I wish You many successes in scientific work, in didactic work and in other areas of your activity in the New Year, and I also wish you health, peace, problem solving, prosperity in your personal life, all the best.
Thank you very much.
Best wishes.
I wish you the best in New Year 2019.
Happy New Year 2020.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
Hello Dear Everyone,
In the New Year of 2021, I wish all researchers, scientists and users of the Research Gate portal fulfill their plans and dreams, success in their professional work and personal life, success in the field of research and publication of their results, all the best. I wish all my colleagues and friends from the Research Gate portal that the New Year 2021 will be better than the previous years, that the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic ends as soon as possible, that there is a quick return to "normal", to the pre-pandemic state . The year 2021 begins a new decade of many new challenges related to solving key problems of the development of civilization, solving problems resulting from the pandemic crisis, economic, social and climate crises, etc. Let us hope that the development of science, further scientific research, new technologies, the current fourth technological revolution will enable the solution of key problems of civilization development.
Happy New Year 2021
Best regards, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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How an academic CV is structured?
What are the strongest points to be highlighted?.
Specifically for the field of Social Sciences and Humanities
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Highlights may include: career objectives, academic qualifications, education experience, research experience, community service, skills, other certificates, and professional references.
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Maestros y maestras del mundo y toda aquella persona que esté interesada en la investigación en ciencias sociales y educativas, ¿Creéis que la investigación está al servicio de la Educación?¿Creéis que los maestros y maestras conocen las investigaciones que se llevan a cabo?
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La investigación no esta al servicio de la educación, ambas están al servicio del desarrollo económico de los países, esencialmente educar permite la formación e mano de obra calificada y profesional para continuar con el modelo económico y la investigación permite el avance de los elementos que permiten generar competitividad al interior del panorama geopolítico de la época. No hay que olvidar que ambas son empleadas para fines de lucro y para asegurar los primeros lugares a nivel socioeconómico en el mundo.
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Dear all, suggest the optimal software for measuring causality.
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It may be arriving late. Sophia, what type of causality are you looking for? If you are looking for time series causality there are good libraries in R and Python. Search for "Casual Impact". It is an algorithm developed by Google. You can find econometric papers and software libraries that implement it.
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I've been using SPSS for years. I couldn't complain less about it. Lately, I've started reading about R. Theoretically, I got impressed by some of its features. I wonder if anyone tried both of them in any social science discipline and found one of them outsmarts the other in terms of practicality.
Thanks for sharing insights!
Cheers,
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Your question implies one of these two is the BEST. Why do you make this assumption? Also, as previous people have noted, "it depends" which of these is likely to be better on both your circumstances and what you are specifically working on. I use both, but one about 95% of the time and one about 1% of the time (and 4% on other ones), but I don't know what you are trying to do.
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Govts. are funding research heavily in different sectors so is in the educational instructions. Every sector is contributing in making life better. But, what you feel about the research-out by humanity and social sciences departments in making the world a better place to live in.
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Professor Mahmoud Eldabh,
Thank you for your concern, but this question is not region specific rather to have general understanding how these areas are contributing in the different parts of the world.
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I want to read peer-reviews of published articles of social science concentration. I have understanding of the matter that peer-reviews are not availed at this cause. But I'm still interested about reading the critics. I would also like to receive from anyone personally.
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Peer-reviews are not made publicly available. There are two chances to read these: 1. You are an author or co-author and get the reviews from the publisher. 2. You know the author of a publication personally and may ask him/her to send you the reviews.
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When developing new social science theories, we tend to rely on causal explanations so as to make sense of the reality around us. One can argue that people are natural-born storytellers and therefore we place so much emphasis on causal inferences. My question is whether you can provide any examples of social sciences theories that break this 'linearity bias'? What sort of alternatives to causal/linear/sequential explanations are available to scientists who wish to devise novel social science theories?
In advance thank you to answers.
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I have this feeling that "causal inference" and "natural-born storytellers" are so different from each other - already at the level of the underlying logic - that it is impossible to lump them both together under a single category. To use the conventional terminology at the moment: on the one hand there is 'evidence-based research' that presupposes the Western 'dualism' between facts and symbols, objectivity and subjectivity, going back at least as far as Descartes - the other is narrative, which presupposes a tale told by an individual person, of the 'this is what I have seen/experienced' type. This is after all the common heritage of the 'West', and most especially the Protestant North of Europe: this acceptance of a fundamental 'difference' between the objective here, the subjective there. From what you write, one has this feeling that what you call 'linearity bias' presupposes that this distinction between objectivity and subjectivity in the above sense no longer holds. Would you be prepared to elaborate on why you think this is so?
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Is it because of the concept of "confirmation bias" discussed in scientific studies in social psychology, do studies focus on confirmation rather than falsification?
Is that why journal editors or reviewers tend to reject work that falsifies other studies?
What do you think about that?
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Fab subject to discuss. I do find the null hypothesis missing somewhat in some fields of research. Rejecting the null hypothesis is not so declarative. Rather than saying 'this is the answer' you can say 'this is not the answer'. If this turns out to be counter-intuitive it maybe even more interesting an outcome. What is important is the methodology not the answer.
The responder who used the example of 'poverty' I think also raises an important point, one of operationalising concepts if you are not dealing with hard science or something categorically defined such as 'the law says this'.
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Hi colleagues,
I wondered if any of you could recommend a book for a student starting out on her PhD. Her subject area is: health, education, training and child protection, so any recommendations in the broad health and social sciences fields would be especially valuable.
Many thanks!
Bernard Gallagher
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The following titles will help you achieve this through different guidelines and tips that range from choosing the subject to how to present it and defend it in court:
📷DER 001.8 BAE gui📷DER 378 BAE art📷DER 001.81 CUN tra. También en E-Libro 📷ECO 001.811 FON tra📷BIG 001.8 GON com📷DER 001.81 TRA tra 📷BIG 001.81 MUÑ est📷ECO 001.8 TRA tra. También en E-Libro📷DER 303 FAC gui 📷BIG 001.891 DEL via📷ECO 303 MET met. También en e-BULibros y E-Libro📷BIG 34.06 ESC com 📷DER 001.81 CAI com. También en E-Libro📷En E-Libro📷En e-BULibros y E-Libro 📷ECO 303.1 HER met📷BIG 001.8 MEL com📷DER 001.81 CUE cum. También en E-Libro 📷ECO 001.8 MUÑ com📷DER 001.892 LIN com📷BIG 001.8 BEL hac 📷BIG 001.8 PHI tes📷BIG 001.817 RIV com📷EGB 001.81 OLA com 📷En E-Libro📷En E-Libro📷ECO 001.8 RAM ar
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Pure sciences have been inspiring the social sciences both epistemologically and methodologically for long periods.
Could the opposite happen? Why?
Examples and applications will enrich the discussion.
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This text is available online.
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Many scientists suggest that a good way to analyze the level of innovation in action, generate innovation in financial institutions, eg in banks, is conducting surveys among managers and department directors, departments in these institutions.
How should such surveys be carried out? What method of surveys is the most effective? Do online questionnaire forms are an effective instrument for carrying out surveys?
What other research techniques can be used to investigate the level of innovation in operation, generate innovation in financial institutions?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Dear
Remi Chukwudi Okeke
,
Yes, this type of market research, consumer target group research, etc. the level and nature of innovation are an important element of the analysis of the determinants of development of a specific economic entity, financial institution.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What are the advantages of conducting research in international research teams?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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There is a wide and varied list of benefits in international research teams such as: Access foreign or joint facilities and equipment. Sharing and access to techniques and skills. Increase knowledge capacity, goodwill and understanding.
Personal inspiration, ambition and reputation. There is chance of further links and enhance future funding opportunities and collaboration of work. Understanding of cultural and personal experiences.
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Journal of Management in Engineering
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Special Collection-Call for Papers 
Management of Resilience in Civil Infrastructure Systems: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Objective: The objective of this special issue is to document scholarly interdisciplinary contributions in the field of resilience, with a specific focus on the engineering managerial issues at the interface of the built environment with social and ecological systems. In particular, we look for interdisciplinary contributions to management of resilience in civil infrastructure systems from other engineering disciplines as well as disciplines such as management, sociology, ecology, political science, psychology, urban sciences, geography, and economics.
Submission information: Authors wishing to submit papers should contact the Guest Editors [Nader Naderpajouh (nnp@rmit.edu.au), Juyeong Choi (jchoi@eng.famu.fsu.edu), and David Yu (davidyu@purdue.edu)] to submit an extended abstract (maximum 800 words) summarizing a proposed submission. The guest editorial team are from the fields of civil and environmental engineering and social sciences, and are encouraging submissions from a range of disciplinary perspectives and using a wide range of quantitative and qualitative methods. The authors are specifically required to highlight the interdisciplinary links and contributions from other fields to the scholarly field of civil engineering. In order to be considered for the special issue, authors should submit extended abstracts by January 31, 2019. The Guest Editors will review submitted proposals upon their receipt and contact authors with invitations to submit full-length articles soon thereafter. Note that in case of earlier submission the review process will start immediately.
Guest Editors
Juyeong Choi, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering  (jchoi@eng.famu.fsu.edu)
David Yu, Purdue University (davidyu@purdue.edu)
Young Hoon Kwak, The George Washington University (kwak@gwu.edu)
Deadline for extended abstract: January 31, 2019
Links:
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And we also discussed the special collection concluding remarks here: https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/%28ASCE%29ME.1943-5479.0000871
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Has anyone can show me an example of a publication in Social sciences with a moderation model when the predictor is dichotomous and moderator categorical? I already did the analysis, but do not find an example of how to report the results with dummy variables in a model.
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I agree with David Eugene Booth that there is nothing unique about your analysis. Your model basically proposes an interaction effect so that effect of the dichotomous variable differs according to the level of the categorical, moderating variable.
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Seeking an intake form for the social science/services field, which may be employed to assess client needs. Additionally, any new instrument for conducting community assessments that can determine services needs.
Thanks
Steve
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Hennepin County https://www.icarol.info/ResourceView2.aspx?org=78732&agencynum=36898856 offers many social services and would have 1 or more intake screening forms. Homeless shelters such as Adult Shelter Connect https://www.simpsonhousing.org/our-programs/need-help/ , Hope Street Shelter https://www.cctwincities.org/hopestreet/ , or People Serving People https://www.peopleservingpeople.org/ would likely have forms that they use.
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As a researcher, you may be frustrated in finding continuous funding for sustaining your research. However, would there be any conflict of interest to be a researcher as well as a fund raiser simultaneously at the same time?
What regulations are there to limit the grey area?
Which authorities were looking on such issue?
What if the fund raising is for charity organizations in the field (particularly pediatrics and rare diseases) and is unrelated to the researcher's work?
In medicine field, the practice of physicians fundraising from their own patients raises three main concerns:
(1) undue pressure on patients to contribute,
(2) possible expectations of preferential treatment from donors, and
(3) concerns about patient confidentiality and trust.
What do you think?
https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.26948.24966
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This largely depends on the system of financing science in a given country and the policy of financing research in specific types of universities. It is not a comfortable solution for researchers and scientists to independently search for sources of funding for their research. Systems of granting grants and subsidies for specific research projects should be developed and improved, taking into account the potential effects of the results of these studies on solving specific problems of the development of civilization.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In the past 15 years or so, there has been exponential growth of technology in surgery. This new era requires a specialized workforce. The 20th century was truly the age of surgeons; however, the 21st century will be the age of multidisciplinary patient care. One good example is the treatment of cancer patients
Are General Surgery trained personnel perform better in other specialties too?
How are their performance on other surgical specialties?
Any evidence to suggest their skill transferability to other disciplines?
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Dear Dr Sunny Chu Lik Au:
Thank for raising this important question. There is a dilemma of general or subspecialty. Subspecialty is important in developing the management of cases but in the same time it created a pinhole vision of the physicians and no one is looking to the patient as one unit and look to the overall need. Each subspecialty want to put the optimum for his work regardless of the overall need of the patient or his stage need.
I support my colleagues in the importance of training in general surgery for every other surgical specialty. I suggest 1 year as minimum time spend in general surgery if not making degree in general surgery as requirement for doing subspecialty study.
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Many specialist societies present ‘best poster’ prizes, yet without generally agreed assessment methods. Posters are used widely at medical meetings to present a concise overview of clinical and scientific research, and generally provide a more relaxed environment for exchanging ideas than the crowded auditorium.
Quick scores inevitably reflected posters' presentational qualities rather than scientific merit. An unattractive poster with high scientific merit risked being overlooked on first impression. However, a prize-winning poster should show both presentational and scientific excellence.
Do you have any tips on making an award taking scientific poster?
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Just contribute best of yours and you will win.
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We're working on a UK-based study of lived experiences during the COVID19 pandemic, looking at knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour. Is anyone else working on social science studies on the pandemic? We'd be keen to link up and share learning, especially with a view to doing some international comparisons a bit further down the line. I'll post a link to our project page below with further information. Thanks!
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Yes, it is necessary to change the development strategy based on intensifying the exploitation of the Earth's resources on the sustainable development strategy. It is necessary to develop new energy technologies based on renewable energy sources to slow down the progressing greenhouse effect of the Earth in order to reduce the risk of dramatic natural cataclysms. It is necessary to develop ecological innovations, while it may not be too late. It is necessary to save the Earth through destruction for future generations.
The 21st century is the last moment to introduce global sustainable development based on the development of renewable energy and ecological innovations. Sustainable development should be analyzed and measured in correlation with the analysis of economic growth and the share of individual sectors in the country's economic development, including the transformation of traditional energy sources into renewable energy, environment reclamation and recovery of recyclable materials, and ecological innovations.
I invite you to the discussion
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Revered Professor Dr.Dariusz Prokopowicz,
Thank you for having sent the reply to my comment. Things will change definitely because the carbon emissions are main root cause of the climate change in the world.
The time has already warned our citizens to change the shape of the life. Let us work together in the future Prof.
Regards
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From antiquity, philosophy has given inspiration for the development of other sciences. Some teachings come from specific trends in the history of philosophical thought. Currently, philosophy can give conceptual inspiration for creating new concepts for other sciences and for creating innovative solutions.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Philosophy teaches us how to think. It is not a "science", a set of "sciences", and has not any compromises with ideas of "innovation", "creativity", even less with "technology", "design" and all the other words that are nowadays used and abused around knowledge. However, philosophy is indispensable for sciences, scientific research, and knowledge innovation precisely because it illuminates how to ask, how to inquiry, and how to search for knowledgeable answers. Most of the main subjects of philosophy still are long-term inquiries on the meaning of life, moral conduct, the value of knowledge, human virtues, love, or justice that have been discussed for thousands of years, finding new answers and paths towards a meaningful humanistic life. Philosophy doesn't need to be innovative but only to be serious and profound, keeping epistemic requirements, logic processes, and ontological exactions. It is enough to maintain philosophy with its original wonderful meaning: philein and sophia or the love of wisdom.
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When you start to think of conducting a complex piece of social science or humanities research, how do you structure this? By this what I mean is how do you ensure that all of the aspects (perhaps you call these variables) of the research are included in the design and that their predicted and observed importance (you may call these their effects) are apparent and can be understood?
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Good question. My general approach is a theory of action framework that considers actors responding to situations (=perceived and evaluated conditions of actions) according to their interests by formulating goals and utilising resources to achieve these goals. From this follows that interests and properties of actors are always intervening variables. On the conditions side, I have a heuristic that distinguishes kinds of conditions of actions - epistemic/technological, economic, social (in a narrower sense), institutional, and cultural. This gives me a frame for my search that I believe to be exhaustive, i.e. it makes sure that I don't overlook conditions. For empirical investigations, cases are selected in order to systematically vary some of these conditions (described by independent variables), while others are kept constant. Concerning effects, I am only interested in specific effects, which means that I am selective but also open for unexpected effects, feedback loops etc. As a qualitative researcher who is intersted in causal mechanisms, I then thinka bout actions /sequences of actions that mediate between conditions and effects because they are likely to occur under the conditions of interest and are likely to produce the effects I am interested in. These sequences of actions are likely to 'contain' the mechanisms I am looking for.
I'm sorry for this being rather brief and crude but the question is too complex for RG. :)
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My question is connected to rather unclear point of error correlation that many scholars encounter while conducting their SEM (structural equation modeling) analysis. It is a pretty often when scholars report procedures of correlating the error terms to enhance the overall goodness of fit for their models. Hermida (2015), for instance, provided an in-depth analysis for such issue and pointed out that there are many cases within social sciences studies when researchers do not provide appropriate justification for the error correlation. I have read in Harrington (2008) that the measurement errors can be the result of similar meaning or close to the meanings of words and phrases in the statements that participants are asked to assess. Another option to justify such correlation was connected to longitudinal studies and a priori justification for the error terms which might be based on the nature of study variables.
In my personal case, I have two items with Modification indices above 20.
lhs op rhs mi epc sepc.lv sepc.all sepc.nox
12 item1 ~~ item2 25.788 0.471 0.471 0.476 0.476
After correlating the errors, the model fit appears just great (Model consists of 5 latent factors of the first order and 2 latent factors of the first order; n=168; number of items: around 23). However, I am concerned with how to justify the error terms correlations. In my case the wording of two items appear very similar: With other students in English language class I feel supported (item 1) and With other students in English language class I feel supported (item 2)(Likert scale from 1 to 7). According to Harrington (2008) it's enough to justify the correlation between errors.
However, I would appreciate any comments on whether justification of similar wording of questions seems enough for proving error correlations.
Any further real-life examples of wording the items/questions or articles on the same topic are also well-appreciated.
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Dear Professor John D Crawford , many thanks for your reply. To be honest, I haven't expected any responses since I published this question several months ago.
Indeed, in my case, I have the wording of two items which might appear similar due to the core of both statements. That was my main concern regarding whether this point might be considered as a sound justification for correlating the error terms.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of globalization?
In developed countries, knowledge-based economies are characterized by the development of information services, and production processes are increasingly determined by the quality of such factors as information, technology, innovations, patents, etc. In addition, analogous standards of telecommunications, transaction, market, financial systems, etc. operate in different countries. Globalization is therefore still progressing.
In connection with the above, the communication, transactional and information aspects of globalization are characterized by a positive meaning. It is referred to as "the Earth as a" global village. "Through more and more modern communication, the global circulation of information is carried out in real time via Internet teleinformation systems.
But not all aspects of globalization have positive aspects.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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nuclear and chemical weapons
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There are some doubts about the reliability when using sum scores (means) of respondents answers in scientific measurement in social sciences. I agree that summing responses in previously developed scales could lead to unproper results or just too superficial results.
The major difference in SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) is that the loadings from the indicators in the latent variable are different that in sum scores.
What if a scientist theoretically justify the construction of a scale that some indicators (questionnaire responses) are summed?
It would be regarded as a methodological mistake?
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Peter Moorer, thanks for your explanation. What I make out of your explanation is the average out values restrict the range (variation) thus more suitable.
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If in the process of technological and technical progress new kinds of products and services are created that improve the lives of people, it can be assumed that at certain times people may seem to be happier, then people can feel happier.
But after some time, people get used to a certain level of life and look for further stimuli from the world of science, technology, technology, production of goods, provision of new services that will meet the growing human needs.
However, it seems to me that in such a situation one should consider and verify the essence of the concept of happiness.
What is the achievement of people's sense of happiness in the realities of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0?
Is the definition of the concept of happiness not deformed in the realities of current reality dominated largely by technology in technologically developed countries?
Is it sure that technological progress gives people a sense of happiness?
Technical and technological progress itself provides new products, but it does not necessarily always make people feel happier and certainly not in the long term.
In my opinion, the main factors deciding about happiness are on completely different issues and concern the fundamental values ​​of self-fulfillment in personal, family and professional life.
In this approach to the interpretation of the concept of achieving the state of happiness, self-fulfillment in various spheres of human functioning can be an important determinant of achieving happiness.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Does technological progress make people feel happier?
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Some technologies will make some people happier and some technologies will make some people less happy. It's a matter of an individual's tastes, preferences, and circumstances.
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Fore instance, the hero is from a working class and another character, in the same novel, is a middle class. I want to study how each character can project his/her class membership.
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I do agree with the amazing answer and opinions of dr. Amjed 🌹🌺
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In this post-millennial world of cosmopolitanism, globalisation, and world literature, one wonders if the present moment isn't the perfect opportunity to take stock of where our interests and priorities lie, what kind of life lessons does a global pandemic have for all of us as a collective entity, and above all how do we respond to something that simply exceeds the limits of any one particular area, region or nation-state? It is also a timely reminder of how we take certain things for granted and in the punishing rush of events, forget to spend quality time with those who matter to us the most, be it family, friends or acquaintances.
Through social distancing, we are paradoxically coming together in an attempt to contain the damage. This is far removed from the world of digital technology and social networking sites where the idea of togetherness also simultaneously exists with a profound sense of boredom, isolation and estrangement. The global economy has come to a veritable standstill and yet for the first time in so many years people are actually realising the merits of altruism and putting the interests of the 'other' before the 'self'. Instant gratification, limited attention span and 'the devil may care' attitude is being decisively supplanted by an increasing concern for the environment, the underprivileged and the future generations.
But above all this crisis is about the dissolution of human pride and an equally important focus on learning humility. It is a reality check to prevent us from taking ourselves too seriously for far too long. The profit-maximising impulse and the fiercely competitive spirit that is now being instilled right from the increasingly commercialised spaces of classrooms to the demanding environs of corporate offices has been rendered frozen by something which is much more pressing, immediate and therefore worthy of attention.
In such a scenario, a moment of pause and reflection never hurts. It gives us a breathing space from the target-oriented lives that we find ourselves in, especially in a country like India where population significantly alters the stakes of job prospects and economic opportunities. And while it is true that the destitute and the daily wage labourers, the rickshaw walas and the domestic helpers bear the worst brunt of this protracted lockdown, it also opens up a rare window of opportunity for those who are in a position of power and privilege to contribute in their own ways toward combating the spectre of hunger and starvation.
Life, as we know it, will never be the same. The haunting memories of these difficult times will always endure while the notion of normalcy and restitution will probably be the most challenging proposition for policy makers. The spirit of resilience and ingenuity that human beings have repeatedly shown right throughout history is for the first time proving to be inadequate. And there lies the rub. An overriding emphasis on empathy which is formed in the crucible of a global crisis could quite easily become a distant memory the moment that threat is successfully diffused.
Self-aggrandisement would once again be at an all-time high. But do we want to spin around in circles and just wait for the next major calamity to once again teach us about wisdom and virtue? Or haven’t we had enough of an eye-opener to realise that it is only by locating oneself in the larger scheme of things and network of relationships that a more desirable and progressive future is possible. To understand this in its proper context, one only needs to imagine a hypothetical situation in which if any pharmaceutical company would have been successful in finding a cure for COVID-19, it would have again been driven by the predictable considerations of personal profit masking itself as public welfare.
So where do we go from here? And how do we reconcile our punishing schedules [an ostensibly stultifying one for many in times of a lockdown] with a profound appreciation for everything precious, beautiful and worthwhile in our lives? What are the bitter truths that we could take in our strides without caring too much about a loss of pride or self-respect? Because after all it is about recognising the priceless merit of the here and now as opposed to the idealistic and the utopian. It is about taking cognisance of both the kids as well as the elderly, the indigent neighbour as well as tenacious doctors and their committed support staff. And last but not the least, it is about practising kindness, compassion, and humility with others that could help us confront our personal demons and eventually exorcise them.
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Dear Shailendra.. we can contribute a lot ..please see our example of what humanities can contribute
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In my next research on interpreting, I am investigating the knowledge, attitudes and practices of interpreters. Is there any reference that explains how KAP is used in qualitative social science research?
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Dear researchers,
I’m interested in Bhaskar’s “critical realism”. Could you please recommend me articles (or theses) adopting this paradigm, in economics or social sciences? Kind of application of this paradigm.
Thank you so much.
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I highly suggest the following articles:
  • Fleetwood, S. (2005). Ontology in organization and management studies: A critical realist perspective. Organization, 12(2), 197-222.
  • Fletcher, A. J . (2017). Applying critical realism in qualitative research: Methodology meets method. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 20(2), 181-194.
  • Hurrell, S. A. (2016). Rethinking the soft skills deficit blame game: Employers, skills withdrawal and the reporting soft skills gaps. Human Relations, 69(3), 605-628.
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I am analyzing the data using two instruments i.e. a Questionnaire and Observation (Checklist). A questionnaire used to asked teaching strategies used by the teachers. They rated themselves using Likert scale. But I need to confirm whether they are using teaching strategies for real in classroom. I used observation checklist to confirm it.
Here I have two data set. One is questionnaire in the form of Likert scale and second one is observation checklist.
What statistical tool I use to compare the results and produce the concrete findings of my research.
I have read literature and came into conclusion that chi-square test would be appropriate. I need valuable suggestions that what I need to do?
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Humair Akhtar , I already told which analysis you should do. I am not quite so sure why you are asking it again. You must associate "X" with "Y" using a generalized linear model. Now, please find online ways of running an ordinal logistic regression in SPSS - you live in an era in which this information can be easily found with a simple Google search (I have already found it).
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Usually, the field of science in which we operate is considered particularly important.
It results from our scientific specialization and improvement of research techniques as well as the development of application of results from our scientific research.
However, in addition to the fields of science, the scientific disciplines in which we specialize and conduct research, most scientists function in other fields of science.
Reflections on this subject may be an inspiration for the possible development of scientific research in the field of interdisciplinary combination of various fields of science and the organization of an interdisciplinary research team to carry out new qualitatively interesting research in the future.
Therefore, encouraging discussion, I am asking you the following question: Which field of science, in addition to the one in which you function, you consider particularly important in the 21st century?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
I wish you the best in New Year 2019. Best wishes
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IT
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What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Dear Michael Issigonis, Yes you are right. There are already many pro-ecological technologies and eco-innovations that are not used and developed on a large scale, but should be developed to reduce the amount of CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. Yes, I agree with you that due to the increase in CO2 emissions, you should try to collect this gas in individual cities by using already known technologies and by increasing green areas, developing electromobility and renewable energy. Besides, as you pointed out, there are several methods of this process (capturing CO2, including from the atmosphere) and these environmental technologies should be urgently developed. Best wishes, All the best, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I am doing a social science research proposal and I would like to be assisted with useful articles (related research papers) to write my research proposal and which theoretical framework can I use?
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You need to have a topic in mind, look in the literature as see if it is a good topic to embark on. If so you need to get related articles and gather your facts.
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Which is more valuable ?
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The Social Sciences Citation Index is a commercial citation index product of Clarivate Analytics. It was originally developed by the Institute for Scientific Information from the Science Citation Index however The Australian Business Deans Council (ABDC) is the peak body of Australian university business schools. ... ABDC's mission is to make Australian business schools better, and to foster the national and global impact of Australian business education and research.
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How research differs on terms of problem identification, methods and analysis?
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When analyzing all hypotheses
And leaving no doubt about the results
The more targeted research, the more useful and sober
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I'm currently writing a paper which I feel might be suited to become a conceptual paper. Am currently reading the attached article for a better idea, but I would really appreciate any examples of conceptual papers that have been published, preferably in social sciences or humanities.
Thank you!
Edit:
Additional reference:
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Interesting article ,I read it ,too.
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