Science topics: Social Science
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What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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China is experiencing a “national movement” as companies, regional governments and academia shift gears to help the country meet its climate goals. The world’s top carbon emitter has, for the first time, published plans broadly outlining how it might achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2060, and a peak of emissions before 2030 — promises it made in 2019. The move has spurred more than ten prominent universities and institutions to set up carbon-neutrality-research institutes already this year; the Chinese Academy of Sciences launched a centre last month. But some researchers are still disappointed with the climate commitments the country has made so far...
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Hello fellow researchers,
for my final thesis I want to examine if sustainability is a new status symbol and if yes, how strong it is and it's differences to luxury goods (and also if a luxury good is not "green" does this circumstance reduce it's symbolic power?).
Unfortunenately, I cannot find any studies in the past that examine status symbolism. More precisely, I need a scale or a model that measuers status perception or status symbolism (of any obejct).
Does someone has an idea where I can find such scale/model, or can someone post a study that uses or developed such scale/model?
I am thankful for every help.
Greetings from Germany :)
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I'd appreciate if you could share the name of articles and books that could point out to differing answers to my question.
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Você pode ler o livro "Microfísica do Poder" de Michel Focault.
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Hello fellow Researchers,
I have a question regarding the understanding of the theory of theory, especially in the case of research categorizations according to empirical / theoretical. It is about a literature review, which summarizes empirical as well as theoretical papers.
Do I categorize this review as theory or empirical? Per se, no new data is collected from empirical studies, although the literature review could be considered an empirical study. Has anyone by chance ever had the same problem and found an answer? :-)
Thanks and best regards
Alex
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A literature review reflects the sum of the details of previous works in the field specified + present area of proposed work may be emperical / theoretical scopre of study .
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For the academic scoring purpose and creating value in social science research, which indexed journals are better to publish, SSCI or SCIE?
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The short answer is that they are equal. Both SCIE and SSCI contain journals with an import factor which is published in the annual JCR report (see enclosed file for latest version). This can be found here: https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/journal-evaluation-process-and-selection-criteria/and I quote “SCIE and SSCI journals that meet these requirements are also eligible to receive a Journal Impact Factor™ (JIF).”.
The difference is the disciplines covered. SSCI and I quote “Social Sciences Citation Index™ contains over 3,400 journals across 58 social sciences disciplines, as well as selected items from 3,500 of the world’s leading scientific and technical journals.” https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/webofscience-ssci/
SCIE and I quote “Science Citation Index Expanded™ now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines.” https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/solutions/webofscience-scie/
ESCI includes journals that have no impact factor (yet), I quote “Journals that meet the quality criteria enter Emerging Sources Citation Index™ (ESCI). Journals that meet the additional impact criteria enter Science Citation Index Expanded™ (SCIE), Social Sciences Citation Index™ (SSCI)” and “Journals in ESCI are re-evaluated for possible inclusion in SCIE, SSCI” https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/journal-evaluation-process-and-selection-criteria/
So the order of ‘importance’ is SCIE and SSCI > AHCI > ESCI > No indexing.
Best regards.
PS. Sabrina Maria Sarkar indeed AHCI journals are better than ESCI indexed journals I quote “Journals that meet the quality criteria enter Emerging Sources Citation Index™ (ESCI). Journals that meet the additional impact criteria enter Science Citation Index Expanded™ (SCIE), Social Sciences Citation Index™ (SSCI) or Arts & Humanities Citation Index (AHCI) depending on their subject area.
These are dynamic collections subject to continuous curation to ensure journals are in the appropriate collection. ESCI journals that gain impact move to SCIE, SSCI or AHCI. Similarly, SCIE, SSCI and AHCI journals that decrease in impact move to ESCI.”, but they have no impact factor. https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/journal-evaluation-process-and-selection-criteria/
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There is probably no other science portal that would offer all the same functions for researchers as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Does the Research Gate research portal offer the most information services for researchers that researchers and scientists need?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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A bit too much of the results is presented on Researchgate with the lack of the backyard and preparation process for research. It could be good to see also the kitchen of the dinner of the researchers.
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A data article is a type of publication for researchers to present and share their datasets, so that other researchers can use them. There are even magazines dedicated exclusively to publishing data articles like Data in Brief. An example can be seen at https://repository.urosario.edu.co/bitstream/handle/10336/23834/1-s2-0-S2352340920303681-main.pdf?sequence=1. Data articles are common in the natural sciences, but not in the social sciences and humanities. Do you know of any journals that publish datasets in the social sciences?
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Angel, I have published lots of quantitative data in the humanities. I am re-developing structuralist anthropology, using a new theory of subconscious expression of archetypal structure. The model consists of five inter-dependent layers of structure, totaling about 100 categoric recurrent features, including a spatial layer. The data thus far includes 800 artworks and rock art works, 100 built sites, four iconic sets, a myth cycle, and soon to include a pilgrimage route, and some pantheons. The subject is recurrent features in all the cultural media. The model is over-determined and highly testable.
The outcome thus far is consistent, that every cultural set expresses archetypal structure; that subconscious behaviour is prevalent and rigorous; that structuralist analysis enables some conscious, categoric, quantitative access to subconscious behaviour; that there are no exceptions; that subconscious behaviour is compulsive; and predictive. The implications for anthropology, sociology, art history, psychology, cognitive studies, and philosophy, are significant.
I expect that some researchers, and perhaps some institutes, would test some of my data, and test the model on other data. I have developed a standard format for cultural data, to enable comparison. I expect confirmation, and that the humanities would become scientific, and rid themselves of the current silent paradigm of assumptions of culture and consciousness as supposedly 'invented, developed, diffused, evolved.' The new paradigm would validate Zpif and some other theorists, and resolve many divisive issues in the human sciences.
No amount of narrative, qualitative argument could develop the human sciences, or resolve their correspondence 'theories' and confirmation biases. Only quantitative data would change the paradigm from assumptions to theory. The new model is capable of answering the big questions of the social sciences, including Who and what humanity is. The answer involves our species as embedded in natural structure, and out works as extensions of nature. Individual works use a narrow range of optional features. Randomly chosen groups of works, from 50 upward, ideally 100 upward, reveal a sixth layer of structure, being fixed average frequencies for each of the 100 recurrent features.
The data dispels fondly held delusions of Who and what humanity thought it were. I expect that the humanities could revolutionise their profile in popular culture, where the central flaw of mis-applied evolutionism is particularly pronounced.
I am adding to my data quarterly by publishing magazines themed on specific cultures or sites or media.
I invite you use my data. I situate my theory in structuralist anthropology, and give a summary of my data and its format, is at the end of my paper Blueprint. Here is a link: https://edmondfurter.wordpress.com/2020/04/01/blueprint-the-subconscious-structure-in-cultural-media/
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Which method is more accurate and popular for testing the validity and reliability of my scales?
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Cronbach’s alpha, which is a measure used to assess the reliability, or internal consistency, of a set of scale or test items.
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I hope to be entering a doctoral program in 2022, but while waiting, I would very much like to improve my understanding of applicable statistical uses and methods for use in the social sciences. My knowledge stops at coefficient of variation and does not solidly extend to ANOVA and chi-square. Much-needed leg up here in finding a self-paced, affordable, online stat package for social sciences (linguistics in particular). Thanks!
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I recommend: Statistics with Microsoft Excel. Fifth Edition; by Beverly J. Dretzke, University of Minnesota;
Publisher: Pearson
Best.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of: Sustainable development of a pro-ecological new economy?
What do you think is an important topic for discussion?
In my opinion, important questions concern the need to develop ecological and energy innovations that in the 21st century, economies should achieve sustainable development taking into account the dwindling resources and the development of civilizations and the negative effects of this development on the natural environment.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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As our socio-economic transactions are based on payment chains, we have also to focus on sustainable monetary agency, with respect to banking:
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I am looking forward to see the suggestions. Thank you.
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Kindly please enlighten me about this. Thanks for who will give feedback
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The journal “International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IJHSS)” ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) (http://ijhssnet.com/) is published by “Center for Promoting Ideas (CPI)” (http://www.cpinet.info/ ) and this publisher is included in the Beall’s list of predatory publishers https://beallslist.net/ . This is a warning sign. There are more warning signs that this might be a predatory journal:
-There seems to be something odd with the ISSN numbers of the journal (just look at for example https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2221-0989)
-They ‘proudly’ present in the latest news (http://www.ijhssnet.com/journal/index/1790#ind) a DRJI indexing, which is a notorious example of so-called misleading metrics (https://beallslist.net/misleading-metrics/)
-The indexing page misleadingly suggest a membership of DOAJ while they are not
So, I would say avoid this one.
Best regards.
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My question is connected to rather unclear point of error correlation that many scholars encounter while conducting their SEM (structural equation modeling) analysis. It is a pretty often when scholars report procedures of correlating the error terms to enhance the overall goodness of fit for their models. Hermida (2015), for instance, provided an in-depth analysis for such issue and pointed out that there are many cases within social sciences studies when researchers do not provide appropriate justification for the error correlation. I have read in Harrington (2008) that the measurement errors can be the result of similar meaning or close to the meanings of words and phrases in the statements that participants are asked to assess. Another option to justify such correlation was connected to longitudinal studies and a priori justification for the error terms which might be based on the nature of study variables.
In my personal case, I have two items with Modification indices above 20.
lhs op rhs mi epc sepc.lv sepc.all sepc.nox
12 item1 ~~ item2 25.788 0.471 0.471 0.476 0.476
After correlating the errors, the model fit appears just great (Model consists of 5 latent factors of the first order and 2 latent factors of the first order; n=168; number of items: around 23). However, I am concerned with how to justify the error terms correlations. In my case the wording of two items appear very similar: With other students in English language class I feel supported (item 1) and With other students in English language class I feel supported (item 2)(Likert scale from 1 to 7). According to Harrington (2008) it's enough to justify the correlation between errors.
However, I would appreciate any comments on whether justification of similar wording of questions seems enough for proving error correlations.
Any further real-life examples of wording the items/questions or articles on the same topic are also well-appreciated.
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Implications are a logical construct
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I want to learn how to handle and analyse panel data and I am looking for references (handbooks, articles or any other material, but I prefer a good handbook). Preferably using STATA language and focus on social sciences applications. I look forward to your suggestions. Thanks beforehand.
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this is an excellent resource with code and videos for panel models and many others:
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What is the significance of philosophy for the development of sciences in the 21st century and in the context of the current technological revolution and dynamic technological progress and growing global problems?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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6 October MMXXI
That's a really good question, and perhaps unanswerable.
I see Science in one corner and Philosophy in the other corner--opposite one and other.
Will they come out to fight each other, or to cooperate?
This quandary should be talked about more frequently.
Cordially...
ASJ
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I'm looking for litterature on methods within documentary research. What titles are widespread, thorough and suitable for master's level? Are there any "classics" I should know? I have Tight, M (2019): Documentary Research in the Social Sciences. It seems really good to me!
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A Matter of Record: Documentary Sources in Social Research by John Scott, Documentary Film in India: An Anthropological History by Giulia Battaglia, Cognitive Theory and Documentary Film by Catalin Brylla, ‎Mette Kramer.
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Dear All,
I have created a mind map of a literature review on How Ontology, Epistemology And Axiology Relate To Develop New Knowledge Through Research Methodology And Research Design.
I want critical comments on my thoughts.
The outline of the finding is as follows and you can follow the above link for a more clear image.
Thank you
Please refer following links of ideas and make critics;
· I found that any research needs to add new knowledge
· That knowledge is resulted from answering a question/s or/and finding a solution/s
· Each problem or solution has its ontology, epistemology, and axiology
· The ontology, epistemology and axiology collectively form a research philosophy while those influence developing research questions or hypotheses or a mix of both regarding the problem or solution.
· As the research philosophy and questions/hypothesis origin from the same sources to both should be conceptually related to each other.
· Then research design is formulated to answer those research questions or hypotheses or a mix of both
· same time the research methodology is underpinning the particular research’s ontology, epistemology, axiology and philosophy continues
· Then research design and research methodology both make the selection of approach in theory development. As well, research design and research methodology make and formulate the rest of the steps in the research.
· After that, the steps are clear. However, the selections of methodological choices, strategies, data collection techniques and analysis techniques are interrelated decisions.
· Finally, all these activities resulted in new knowledge
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They are interrelated somehow.
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In highly developed countries and economically fast developing countries there are analogous processes of changes in the demographic structure of society consisting in the aging of the population and the accompanying process of depopulation of cities, agglomeration, decreasing number of births, decreasing fertility rate in families. These processes, which are unfavorable for the economic development of the country, usually have at least several causes.
Extending the average life expectancy of citizens results from improved living standards, increased income and related improvements in quality of life, improvement of nutrition and improvement in the health care services sector. In addition, some of the lowly, educated people go to look for more interesting jobs and higher salaries by hiring in other countries. In a situation where young people paying off housing loans, are also burdened with various taxes, they are forced to work, to professional activity all adult members of the family of working age.
As a result, the pressure, the need to have more than 1 or 2 children are decreasing, and then the fertility decreases, which contributes to the decline in the number of citizens in the long term. In order to counteract this disadvantage for the national economy, this country should develop social policy to support young people, including subsidizing the purchase or rental of housing, establishing guaranteed income related to raising children, developing programs supporting the nursery, pre-school and education, pediatric health care system, etc.
Examples of such programs of active socio-economic policy are: Family 500 Plus Program and Flat Plus Program (Mieszkanie Plus Program). Because these programs have been developed only for 3 years, so you can not objectively assert how they affect the demographic structure of society, or motivate you to make decisions about having a larger number of children. In order to be able to answer this type of questions objectively, ie with regard to relevant scientific data, these Programs should be conducted with a minimum of 2-3 subsequent generations of citizens.
On the other hand, there has already been a noticeable increase in consumption for various types of goods purchased by citizens, which has a pro-development effect on the economy as it increases the level of economic growth. It may be one of the key elements of the socio-economic policy of anti-crisis, countercyclical importance, ie increasing the resilience of the domestic economy to global economic crises and the slowdown in global economy growth, e.g. the currently observed slowdown in global economy caused by the so-called war wars and other restrictions on the development of international trade.
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
How can changes in the demographic structure of society affect the economic development of the country?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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The
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Hi there,
as I am working in applied research, I always come across the problem that knowledge is not applied in practice (theory-practice gap). Is there a particularly good paper / book to recommend about this? :-)
Best thanks and best regards
Alexander Kwiatkowski
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There are two articles that show this gap from different perspectives and that can be complemented. One takes it from education in general and the other from education for health practice. I hope they serve you, best regards.
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Which is more valuable ?
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I am sharing updated list of Social Science Citation Index Sep. 2021
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I found in a journal that it is abstracted / indexed in Clarivate Analytics: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). What it means? Whether the journal will get impact factor in near future?
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I am sharing updated list of Social Science Citation Index Sep. 2021
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Are publications in the journals ranked by Emerging Sources Citation Index (Clarivate Analytics) also included in Journal Citation Reports? Do your universities / governments put equivalent value on ESCI publications and SSCI publications while making a decision about faculty promotion?
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I am sharing updated list of Social Science Citation Index Sep. 2021
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Dear Community,
I am interested in receiving feedback from people that finished their PhDs, but also from people judging the candidacies for academic positions.
As PhDs we all heard about the famous "Publish or perish" to describe the importance to publish during your PhD if you want to get a job more easily when finishing. I am asking mostly in social sciences because it is my field, but I am also interested in receiving feedback from other fields as well.
The time and effort we put in publications during our PhD, is it worth the struggle? Is it really making things easier when applying for academic positions, or is the teaching experience more important for instance? Many colleagues ask themselves this question. I am not denying the importance to publish your research, but I am curious to see how things are presented in other countries, universities, and fields.
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Yes, it's worth it, however teaching experience is important as well, in other to get an academic position, both teaching and research experience is needed.
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Many scientists suggest that a good way to analyze the level of innovation in action, generate innovation in financial institutions, eg in banks, is conducting surveys among managers and department directors, departments in these institutions.
How should such surveys be carried out? What method of surveys is the most effective? Do online questionnaire forms are an effective instrument for carrying out surveys?
What other research techniques can be used to investigate the level of innovation in operation, generate innovation in financial institutions?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Dear Mohammed Jaafar Ali Alatabe,
Thanks and invite you to joint discussions on the subject of innovation in financial institutions.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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It's 99 days since the first case of COVID-19 in Hong Kong, and we are welcoming the 5th days of 0 new cases of COVID-19 following a week of <10 cases per day.
How should we define the end of a local endemic?
How long should the latent period be defined?
When is it safe to resume social activities?
Should territory wide screening of asymptomatic people be done before declaring the end of endemic?
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The SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic is a global epidemic. On a global scale, the state of the pandemic in March 2020 was announced by the World Health Organization. Therefore, this organization could declare the end of the pandemic. On the other hand, the end of the epidemic on a regional, national or local scale can be announced by national central institutions of the health care system, including the ministries of health, in agreement with the government. In order to be able to declare the end of the epidemic on a national, regional or local scale, it is necessary to have a relatively large decrease in the number of new coronavirus infections, a decrease in the number of people seriously ill with Covid-19 disease and deaths caused by this disease. The decrease in Coronavirus infections and in sick people should be sustained in a longer period, i.e. min. several months, taking into account the periods of possible occurrence of subsequent epidemic waves caused by new variants of the Coronavirus and occurring in other regions of the world. In addition, an important factor that may be taken into account in the event of declaring the end of a pandemic on a global scale or an epidemic on a regional scale will be the level of vaccination of citizens with highly effective vaccines against Coronavirus and the level of social, collective immunity of the society achieved thanks to these vaccines.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hello.
For my thesis, I am investigating the relationships between the following three variables:
Hypothesis 1:
Independent Variable: Nominal (Yes/No)
Dependent Variable: Ordinal (5-point Likert Scale)
Hypothesis 2:
Independent Variable: Ordinal (5-point Likert Scale; also used above as dependent variable)
Dependent Variable: Ordinal (5-point Likert Scale; different from above)
I am facing a lot of difficulty in finding an appropriate analysis to conduct in order to investigate the relationships between my variables, especially given the ordinal nature of two of them, which apparently rules out t-tests and linear regressions. Any advice on which analysis to use for both hypotheses above would be appreciated.
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H1 ordinal logistic regression
H2 ordinal logistic regression
Google this regression topic or see the attached course notes.
Best wishes, David Booth
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What is important in building international research teams?
On what foundations should long-term scientific cooperation between scientists be developed?
Please reply
Best wishes
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In my opinion, the development of ICT and Industry 4.0 information technologies, the use of Internet remote communication, the increase in digitization and internationalization of communication processes taking place during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, the development of online social networks, e.g. the Research Gate portal increases the opportunities development of international cooperation in the world of science.
I invite you to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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It seems that 'the social sciences' has a clearly defined core of disciplines - sociology, politics, anthropology - but is rather fuzzy at the edges. I'm trying to get my head around the concept, recognising that it is fluid and fluctuates historically. I wonder if the humanities, in so far as they study human society, are also social sciences? Are history of science and philosophy of science also social sciences? And does the opposition between 'social sciences' and 'natural sciences' hold since the natural sciences involve socially and culturally situated activities? In addition, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary fields such as environmental studies and pandemic studies seem to transcend these categories. I would love to hear your views.
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Social networks are first case study of a successful interdisciplinary enterprise. The study of society and the relationships among persons within society is the subject of social sciences in general. Sociologists, anthropologists, and psychologists frequently study how interpersonal relationships are formed and how behaviours, beliefs, and emotions are transmitted across connected individuals, and network analysis uses the different methods from science and computer science also.
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If in the process of technological and technical progress new kinds of products and services are created that improve the lives of people, it can be assumed that at certain times people may seem to be happier, then people can feel happier.
But after some time, people get used to a certain level of life and look for further stimuli from the world of science, technology, technology, production of goods, provision of new services that will meet the growing human needs.
However, it seems to me that in such a situation one should consider and verify the essence of the concept of happiness.
What is the achievement of people's sense of happiness in the realities of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0?
Is the definition of the concept of happiness not deformed in the realities of current reality dominated largely by technology in technologically developed countries?
Is it sure that technological progress gives people a sense of happiness?
Technical and technological progress itself provides new products, but it does not necessarily always make people feel happier and certainly not in the long term.
In my opinion, the main factors deciding about happiness are on completely different issues and concern the fundamental values ​​of self-fulfillment in personal, family and professional life.
In this approach to the interpretation of the concept of achieving the state of happiness, self-fulfillment in various spheres of human functioning can be an important determinant of achieving happiness.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Does technological progress make people feel happier?
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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It can help human and it means that yes it can be a happier of Man, however it has some disadvantages but it make us happy .
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Kindly check the attachment to understand the issue. The last one (coping strategies) is creating problem.
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Cronbach alphas are a measure of internal consistency for a given sample of an specific measure. When you have high internal consistency on subscales but low consistency on the overall scale, it may mean that the construct of the complete scale is not captured well by the subscales. In other words, you may find that a construct is multi rather than unidimensional. If this is the case, then sometimes you will have a low reliability coefficient for the whole scale but high reliability for subscales. This is because the subscales are measuring more specific dimensions of the construct. Also, if the subscales are not strongly correlated, you might also find that a higher order construct represented by the complete scale will show lower reliability. If I were you, I would run a factor analysis on the measure to assess its dimensionality. Of course, there are other reasons for low reliability, such as context. That is, the alpha coefficient is not an index of the reliability of the measure in general, but rather for the unique sample and context in which data were collected. This may be worth considering as well.
Cory
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Psychology, as a science that seeks to know the behavior (in the broad sense) of the human being, should it be limited to a single research method? Are theoretical studies valid for the establishment of conceptual frames of reference and the design of constructs? Why are few publications dealing with these investigations? Is it a "pre-judgment" or a "scientific requirement"?
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Hello Dear
In literary criticism, I would recommend the integral approach which means using different approaches wherever it is needed. These approaches include the psychological, historical, political, social etc. Best regards.
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In my opinion, the scope and possibilities of business cooperation with the world of science are constantly growing, especially in the areas of technical sciences, biotechnology, energy, materials science, information technology, ecology, etc. and in the development of innovations, patents and inventions created in various fields of technology, technology, etc.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Does the scope and possibilities of business cooperation with the world of science increase or decrease?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Hi Dr Dariusz Prokopowicz . It increases continuously with time.
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Suppose I want to determine the effect of World Trade Organization (WTO) membership on a country’s level of international trade. WTO membership is my independent variable, and level of international trade is my dependent variable. To test this, I simply look at trade as a percentage of GDP for all WTO members and all non-WTO members. As expected, I find that WTO members tend to trade more as a proportion of GDP.
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Together with Jie Zhang we investigated a similar question for tourism and using data for that particular pillar of the WTO (commitments under tourism specifically). The paper is available under my profile - it is the one published in JITED in 2013. We found out that it is mainly small island economies that may have less to gain from trade liberalisation that are not members of this pillar (or in fact of the WTO in general). Over time you will have the problem that nearly all countries are members of the WTO, so then it becomes harder to investigate your hypothesis. Perhaps you need to look into more particular explanatory factors (as we did in our paper) to increase the reliability of the data you are using. Reverse causality will of course be another classical econometric problem that you are facing - but it could be fixed using a panel data approach. Some countries may also face the problem now with hyperglobalisation that their WTO membership has led to more trade but of the extensive growth type - e.g. China may be trading more and more with the rest of the world in quantities but not necessarily earning more from those exports over time. That leads us into the current global environmental trap we are in (drawing in more and more natural resources and emitting more and more CO2 without it leading to more welfare or value) - not unlike the one the Soviet Union faced before it imploded.
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Most of the cities in the world are facing partial or complete Lock Downs due to Pandemic Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread. Millions of people in the world are living in Government or self-administered Quarantines. The world is expecting a long time with it and continuously learning to live with it. In this situation Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH) are the ultimate new realities for many in the world.
Many organizations and Educational Institutions are doing “Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH)” very first time. Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS became the top priorities for most of them. Many organizations and Educational Institutions are still confused in making the choice between Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS. In this scenario, it’s really important to share your expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert suggestions and/or recommendations on the following question.
How do you compare Google ZOOM Vs Microsoft TEAMS for Online Education / Work From Home during Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) Lock Downs/Quarantines?
Thanks & Regards
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Dear Muhammad Ali Khan I use all platforms so I personally recommend to use Microsoft Teams. It gives much better control to the teacher during online class.
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An important topic in the area of finance is the management of financial risk in the context of the analysis of sources of economic, financial, debt and other crises. The financial systems still have not been improved in their functioning, especially in the area of investment banking, in terms of unethical practices, the use of which was one of the significant sources of the global financial crisis of 2008.
In connection with the above in my opinion important topic on finance is the issue of risk management in the context of the analysis of the sources of the global financial crisis.
I invite you to the discussion
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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KEY TAKEAWAYS
  • The 2007-2009 financial crisis began years earlier with cheap credit and lax lending standards that fueled a housing bubble.
  • When the bubble burst, financial institutions were left holding trillions of dollars worth of near-worthless investments in subprime mortgages.
  • Millions of American homeowners found themselves owing more on their mortgages than their homes were worth.
  • The Great Recession that followed cost many their jobs, their savings, or their homes.
  • The turnaround began in early 2009 after the passage of the infamous Wall Street bailout kept the banks operating and slowly restarted the economy.
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If you have any, then please share with references.
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Anna Alexandrova Philosophy of Social Science Network
Anna Alexandrova
More remarkable revelations about fabrication of data in high profile behavioral economics studies. This time it took some painstaking and meticilous statistical sleuthing but the results are so unmistakable that none of the authors involved attempted to defend the studies. Their only defense is that they trusted Ariely with the data, who in turn says he trusted the insurance company that provided him with it. When you think of the enormous amount of glory, publicity, and money - book royalties, consultancy fees, grants etc - that went into behavioral economics as a result of studies such as these, it is hard not to lose faith in the field (nay social science!) as a whole. The open science movement is trying to devise reforms that will prevent that in the future, but us philosophers of social science should also think hard about how to reform our norms. We unknowingly reinforce bad trends whenever we dedicate our attention to flashy new findings. I'd love to hear if colleagues have views on what such norms should be.
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Can you recommend an analysis software for content analysis except Nvivo? Are there any of the free softwares suitable for social science research?
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If you have any, then please share with references.
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Probably the best starting point is Diance Vaughan's (1999) "The Dark Side of Organization: Mistake, Misconduct and Disaster" in the Annual Review of Sociology Vol. 25: 271-305. It focuses in particular on the Challenger and Columbia disasters. Vaughan investigated the first and was on the committee of inquiry into the second. 
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Hello Researchers,
I was wondering while writing an article, especially one on topics of social science is it always necessary to write a conclusion? Because in many situations we do not really find a result which we can put in conclusion, rather we see things from different perspectives or analyze phenomena differently in our papers. So, is it more appropriate to write epilogues in those cases? Because by blindly following the rule we sometimes end up just by summarising the whole article in the conclusion.
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Let's understand the difference between epilogue and conclusion. Well Epilogues and conclusions work in the same way , however ,conclusions tend to be found in nonfiction books or papers related to science usually accompanied by an introduction chapter at the start of the book, whereas epilogues tend to be found in novels and memoirs. If your work is non fiction and science based then you should consider conclusion over epilogue. Hope this helps
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is this journal okay
International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) .
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Why don’t they assign a proper DOI to their published papers? Because it is not a good journal. They claim a DOI for their journal, misleadingly suggesting a link to the legit DOI organization (https://www.doi.org/). A DOI is a unique ID for a paper (warning: though a DOI is assigned to papers by virtually all well-respected journals it is by itself not enough to say that a journal is legit or not).
See my reply of August 30th, 2020, for further facts/observations why this a journal one better can avoid. Following a ‘whitelist’ approach this journal (and publisher) has no serious indexing (Scopus or Clarivate’s ESCI, SCIE/SSCI) and is no member of DOAJ or COPE etc.
Best regards.
PS. Nelson Yego indeed those that are quite positive have published one or more papers with them, indeed a ‘potential conflict of interest’.
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The Qur'anic Thematic Exegetical Analysis (al-Tafsir al-Mawdu'i) is a famous method within Qur'anic Sciences in Islamic Studies as much as the Thematic Analysis method is in researches of Social Sciences. Why it is being discriminated against when applied in Islamic Psychology, which is synonym with Islamization of Social Sciences? Are they apartheid who are rejecting subaltern post-colonial methods?
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RE: "In Islamic divine scripture – the Holy Qur’an - the emphasis is on the heart as being mentioned to be governing (the king for) both the rationality, emotions, intellect, intuition, telepathy [sic], etc."
Locating any kind of mental activity in the heart is just a carry-over from ancient Greek views that regarded the brain as merely an organ for cooling the blood. As it happens, there have numerous cases of individuals kept alive without a heart who continued to experience all kinds of mental activity. Here's a quotation from a news report on one such individual:
« "It was an emotional roller coaster," Larkin said at a news conference, describing what it was like to live with a totally artificial heart, implanted to keep him alive until a donor heart became available. » — from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/man-lived-555-days-without-a-heart-before-transplant/
Here's another such report:
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Do you know a website to search for freelance collaborators in statistical analysis (SPSS, EQS, fuzzy, etc...)?
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  • I use this website www.socscistatistics.com for calculating my statistical analysis part. is this good to use this? cos it free
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I am doing bachelors in social sciences. I have already asked this before but need more opinions on this.
and If not so pls suggest few topics related to middle-eastern countries.
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Please go-ahead to gain your time.
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We have submitted a paper in the journal, named 'Humanities and Social Sciences Communications'. But when we enter into the main website, it's showing all the information from Nature's website.
Here is the website link: https://www.nature.com/palcomms/
However, I was just wanted to be sure that whether this journal is part of Nature's publication or not.
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If you mean whether it is a subsection of Nature, then the answer is no. It is a separate journal called “Humanities & Social Sciences Communications” https://www.nature.com/palcomms/about which is since June 16th, 2020, published by Springer Nature. It is one of the many journals belonging to Nature’s portfolio (https://www.nature.com/siteindex ), which when I am not mistaken used to be called Nature Publishing Group (NPG).
Best regards.
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In connection with the warming of the Earth's climate, progressive global warming, some areas located in the sub-tropical zone in the future will not be fit for existence, and the migration processes of the population will be intensified.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Please reply
Best wishes
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El calentamiento global es un fenómeno físico q puede ocurrir al deterioro de la capa de ozono. Los científicos y expertos buscaran una solución para conservar la vida en el planeta Tierra. Por ahora debemos protegernos de los rayos solares y el cuidado del medio ambiente.
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Could anyone suggest me the Journal in social science for fast publication (Scoups) with some impact factor?
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Prof. Imam Uddin Mahar: Please see the folwoing journal: https://journals.ju.edu.jo/DirasatHum
The problem that I usually face that there are some journals that claim on their sites that they are Scopus-indexed while they aren't. On the other hand, other journals hide the facts by saying some tricks like Scopus (2020) or Scopus (2013).
For instance, one of the journals says at its main portal that it is indexed in Scopus. But I don't find it on the Scopus list. I have written many emails to them, they always ignoring me!
The attached file is an Excel sheet that contains the last updated list. You can download the last version anytime by click on "Scopus source list" from the Scopus portal: https://www.scopus.com
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Would you recommend an open access free journal of Cognitive Linguistics indexed by Scopus or web of social science?
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Theory and practice in language studies
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social science journal list who are free to publish and don't charge authors.
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What is your area of specialization ? There are a lot of fake journals. So you have to be very careful. Thank you.
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is there a historical map of academic disciplines? what is the trend of academic disciplines changes(number, nature and label of disciplines)?
i will be thanks full if someone introduce any article, book, handbook or report about historical map of disciplines and history of academic disciplines.
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Hello,
Yes, a historical mapping of academic disciplines now exists: the "Interactive Historical Atlas of the Disciplines". This website, recently launched at the University of Geneva, is available in open access here:
It is an interactive atlas containing a collection of more than 200 disciplinary maps ("classifications of the sciences" or "knowledge maps") from Antiquity to our time, with thousands historical definitions of academic disciplines extracted from sources. Moreover, it includes several analysis tools (timeline, statistical tools with the ability to chart the evolution of a discipline, iconographic database, advanced search filters). For instance, it is possible to display chronologically a list of historical definitions of an academic discipline in order to study the evolution of its identity over time. The aim of this project is to map the evolution of the disciplinary borders throughout the centuries, and to reconstruct the genealogy of the sciences.
As for a "typology" of the various types of disciplinary systems (namely, the different taxonomic systems underlying these historical "classifications of the sciences"), you could find some insights in my recent paper:
Sandoz, Raphaël (2021), "Thematic Reclassifications and Emerging Sciences", Journal for General Philosophy of Science 52(1), pp. 63–85, available here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10838-020-09526-2.
Best regards
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I want to suggest me a journal that publishes fast (scope or ISI index) for sociology, especially for social networks and social capital. The mentioned journal is very response but i am not sure if it is predatory.
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Your question is about the journal “Social Sciences” (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/socsci). But it is in essence a question about the publisher behind the journal. This is a recurring discussion here on RG. It boils down to two opposing views where people either like the publishing model of MDPI or not. What puzzles me in this discussion is that arguments that often are used to argue that a journal is predatory (no DOAJ, no serious indexing, no transparency in costs etc. etc.) all of a sudden does not seems to apply for MDPI journals (at least not for those disliking MDPI). Facts are:
-The journal IS a DOAJ member
-The journal IS Scopus indexed (CiteScore 2.3)
-The journal IS WoS indexed (in ESCI for journals eligible for an impact factor by Clarivate)
-Many more indexing and directories like EBSCO, ERIH Plus, SHERPA/RoMEO etc.
-The journal DOES provide transparent info about costs etc.
The publisher MDPI managed to get 160 of their journals indexed in WoS and Scopus. So, based on facts they are not predatory. See for thorough (and unbiased) analysis of this publisher:
Best regards.
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I would like to add some visual example to illustrate the different types of participant observation (complete observer, observer as participant, participant as observer, and complete participant). Any suggestion is welcome.
Thank you,
Isabella
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Kindly suggest some papers using machine learning or hybrid models of econometrics and machine learning in Social Sciences or Economics Sciences. It would be of great help if the paper contains applications in social sciences or Economics.
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GOPINATH, M.; BATARSEH, F. A.; BECKMAN, J. Machine Learning in gravity models: an application to agricultural trade: NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES. Cambridge, MA: [s.n.]. <http://www.nber.org/papers/w27151>.
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In a regression, I'm using household income and household specific expenditures as independent variables, both with a natural logarithmic transformation, and I want to control them by the household size. I find in the literature that in that kind of cases, it is used the natural logarithm this last variable, but I don't get the logic. If I'm not wrong, the household size is the number of people living in the household, so i find that the interpretation would be very weird: an increase in 1% of the number of people leads to a x% in Y?
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Very nicely explained Renaud Di Francesco Thank you.
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I often read research articles that do not appropriate describe the sampling procedure. For example, the authors mention that the sampling was accidental or purposive but they don’t explain why they had only 10 participants or they say that the sampling was theoretical and describe the a priori established socio-demographic characteristics of their subjects.
I think that the sampling procedure is one of the most important elements of a research. I think that the research should be evaluated according to this procedure and I think that many pieces of research should be rejected because of sampling not being appropriate.
Please help me to clarify this and correct me if I am wrong:
The sampling procedure should state the sampling criteria and should justify the number of participants.
There are two kinds of sampling in social research: statistical – probability or non-probability (when the sampling criteria and the number of participants are established before entering the field according to some rigid sampling rules) and theoretical (when the sampling criteria and the number of participants are flexible, decided in the research process according to relevancy and saturation rules).
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Very useful discussion. I remember, the saying "it is better to study one rat for 1000 hrs rather than studying 1000 rats for one hr if you need to study behaviors of rats". But that particular rat should be selected carefully; not to choose a 'mad' or 'disabled' rat. Now by studying this carefully selected rat (theoretical sampling) we can generalize certain behavioral patterns of rats, as well as can gain a deep understanding of the behavior of rats, in that time and space. Observing 1000 rats, randomly or even purposively (statistical sampling), for one hour would help to identify a single or couple of features of rats, in that particular context. So, the sampling technique depends on the nature (not the purpose) of the research.
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I like psychometric tests and I encourage my students to sit for these for free online. However, I have one test which matches careers to personality traits, and one recurring question through this test is similar to the question proposed here. What would you say?
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Certainly..I love my profession
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A population decline (or depopulation) in humans is a reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes. According to a controversial theory: shrink and prosper, the accompanying benefits of depopulation could be identified after the post-Civil War Gilded Age, post-World War I economic boom, and the post-World War II economic boom.
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Dear Dr. László Vértesy , thank you for the thought provoking question.
Advantages of a decreasing population
Long term benefits
1. Will bring better balance among the living beings/organisms.
2. Extinction of Religions and Gods
3. People will celebrate life. I think there will be no artificial, man-made death in the name of God(s), Religion, Nationality etc.,
4. People will die only by natural causes. The reaming few (People) will support each other to save the life other every other person.
Short term benefits
1. Less pollution, Lesser need for food, land and other resources.
2. More pet animals are saved from the harassment of humankind and live in their natural habitat. They may live happily (may be unhappily at times) with their Father, Mother, Sisters, Brothers and could escape from the confinement.
Disadvantages of a decreasing population
1. Long term impact - Extinction of Languages, Culture, Food Choices
2. Short term impact - Economy will shrink, more unemployment, population will have fewer young people supporting huge number of elders.
3. The streets, seemingly empty streets, buildings etc., may look devilish.
Some useful links:
Thank you for this wonderful opportunity to share my views.
Best wishes and regards
Yoganandan
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New ideas, new concepts in science and art arise as a result of human creativity, innovation, emotional intelligence, the need for self-realization, the need to be appreciated by other people. These are the values at the very top of Maslov's pyramid. Human higher needs arose through the evolution of human consciousness and intelligence under conditions of multi-generational development of sociobiological and psychosocial determinants.
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion
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Treating the subject of the "Genesis of human creativity" means that creativity has a very specific task, where the "necessary light" to be creative resides within the being of our own essence. Each being has an "internal light" within himself, a light that has always led him to reflection when he perceives the priority interest in something that attracts him. In fact, when perceiving that light, raised by reason, or by the moment of reasoning, we do not want to reach and search for anything else, but to know how to make "go out", or rather, how to get out that "source of light" that we leads to "be creative". However, imagination always precedes us. In fact, "reason" serves to guide us towards a search for the "source" of the same moment granted to the imagination. "Human creativity" begins where knowledge of these preliminary steps ends, and that is when "knowledge itself" is "reborn" of creativity. The current perception of the crisis, due to Covid-19, adds to the same "light" a generalized feeling of "fear", "instability and a" feeling of illness ", underlining in our consciousness a feeling of vulnerability and fragility that goes walking by our side as if they were constants of "human individuality", that is why human creativity can suffer fluctuations in the moments in which we perceive that we are creative.
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Urinary incontinence is considered more as a social problem than medical problem. I am doing a research on the prevalence of it in Bangladesh. But unfortunately I can not find any data on it. Can any body help me out?
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Thank you Sharmin Nipa Maam.
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Why are there still people in the 21st century who in some countries do not accept the prevailing knowledge confirmed by scientific research who believe that the Earth is not round is only flat or that the Earth is the center of the Solar System, not the Sun or negating the process the evolution of the origin of various life forms on Earth, etc.?
In my opinion, it is not a question of faith but a lack of knowledge confirmed by scientific research. It is strange, however, that in the 21st century, in the face of the facts widely confirmed in the media, confirmed in many aspects scientifically, on the basis of experiments carried out, space expeditions are still people who ignore this widely available knowledge in the media and create their unjustified theories.
No wonder that even a few centuries ago and before, i.e. in a situation of widespread illiteracy and lack of universal access to knowledge and information, in the absence of media it was easy to maintain, promote anachronistic and illogical theories to implement a specific information policy for the needs of maintaining absolute power, which one of the attributes was access to knowledge and information deliberately restricted for a large part of society, and in some epochs, such as, for example, in the Middle Ages, deliberately limited research possibilities and deliberately placed barriers to the development of science. In such realities, totalitarianisms are easily formed and it is easy to carry out indoctrination of the society by propagating even illogical, unjustified ideologies that are not supported by any scientific research.
Therefore, nowadays access to knowledge and results of scientific research should be universal and unlimited. A large positive role in this matter is played by the Internet and Internet portals such as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How has the significance of scientific knowledge changed over the centuries from the point of view of the present day?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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I think in the past many researcher were going with the flow, following the same methodolgy and research style presented by senior researcher. This has changed as a lot of researchers are thinking out of that box. Simplicity is the main goal when it comes to solve a research problem.
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I am looking for a textbook on statistics especially designed for sociology undergrads.
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Thank tou. I'll have a look.
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The current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0 is motivated by the development of the following factors:
- Big Data database technologies,
- cloud computing,
- machine learning,
- Internet of Things,
- artificial intelligence.
On the basis of the development of the new technological solutions mentioned in recent years, the processes of innovatively organized analyzes of large collections of information collected in Big Data database systems dynamically develop.
What other technological improvements, innovative organizational, technical and IT solutions will be developed in the future based on the development of the above-mentioned factors?
What kinds of innovations will be able to be created in the coming years, in the future based on the integration of the above-mentioned main determinants of the development of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0?
What kind of new categories of added value may be created in the future if the above-mentioned technological solutions are more involved in the creation of biotechnological, ecological, product and other innovations.
Will new technologies be created in this way, with the help of which it will be possible to generate solutions to the problems of excessive exploitation of Earth resources in the process of civilization development?
Perhaps new innovative technologies for renewable energy sources and the creation of biodegradable substitutes for many non-degradable materials, e.g. plastics, besides the development of biotechnology and energy innovations, etc. will allow major global problems to be solved.
The development of human civilization in the next few decades should give answers to the above questions.
In view of the above, I am asking you with the following question: Has the technological revolution known as Industry 4.0 already achieved its aopgeum of development or is it just the beginning of this revolution?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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In my opinion, the current fourth technological revolution is just beginning. Evidence to support this thesis is the ongoing progress in the creation of new advanced technologies Industry 4.0 and their applications in industry, in improving the offering and implementation of services, in improving the organization and functioning of economic entities and financial and public institutions, in improving the management processes of these entities, etc.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Which of the methods (Qualitative or Quantitative) would you encourage upcoming scholars to use? Please, any reasons?
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Both are important for gaining different kinds of knowledge.
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I'm working on Geographical Indications in India. I couldn't get enough research publications in that domain. If any sound methods are available, kindly let me know.
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The following research paper might be a relevant:
Few other articles of mine are related to social science issues in developing countries context.
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I am organizing some materials for the MSc and PhD students and want to categorize the references in some dimensions so the students can choose by their own.
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Suggestion that you could consider getting the students to self-rank the references as part of their own learning.
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I am interested to know whether or not Kuwait University's Journal of Social Sciences still indexed by Scopus.
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Dear Fatemeh Khozaei do read my reply and have a look at: https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/60824
Best regards.
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What methodology you favor in dealing with causal inference and why, when RCT is impossible? It's a general, open discussion.
To note: I don't find a topic identical to this, but probably a few similar ones raised as questions with more specific context.
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I haven't found Gini coefficient of US counties at census website. Is there any other website that provide comprehensive data of Gini coefficient of all counties of the United States?
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The University of Wisconsin still operates the County Health Rankings / County Health Facts page supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. You can download a tremendous amount of county-level data from their website at the following link: https://www.countyhealthrankings.org/explore-health-rankings/rankings-data-documentation
There are download links to various formats (.xlsx, .csv, and for SAS).
Although they do not expressly call their income inequality measure the Gini Coefficient, you may be able to use it. Feel free to look at their description below this response. Also, you can use their website to find data from the last several years by U.S. County. You may find some of their other variables useful.
[BELOW TEXT IS VERBATIM FROM THEIR DIGGING DEEPER TABLE]
Income Inequality is a Ratio
Income Inequality is the ratio of household income at the 80th percentile to that at the 20th percentile, i.e., when the incomes of all households in a county are listed from highest to lowest, the 80th percentile is the level of income at which only 20% of households have higher incomes, and the 20th percentile is the level of income at which only 20% of households have lower incomes. A higher inequality ratio indicates greater division between the top and bottom ends of the income spectrum.
Numerator
The numerator is the 80th percentile of median household income in a county. Income, defined as “total income,” is the sum of the amounts reported separately for wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or royalty income or income from estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement income;  Supplemental Security Income (SSI); public assistance or welfare payments; retirement, survivor, or disability pensions; and all other income. Receipts from the following sources are not included as income: capital gains, money received from the sale of property (unless the recipient was engaged in the business of selling such property); the value of income “in kind” from food stamps, public housing subsidies, medical care, employer contributions for individuals, etc.; withdrawal of bank deposits; money borrowed; tax refunds; exchange of money between relatives living in the same household; gifts and lump-sum inheritances, insurance payments, and other types of lump-sum receipts.
Denominator
The denominator is the 20th percentile of median household income in a county."
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My study consists of a conceptual framework with seven constructs measured in seven point Likert scale. According to pilot study, only three constructs have Cronbach alpha value more than 0.9 while others remain between 0.7 and 0.8.
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First, I think it's preferable to use the words "coefficient alpha" rather than "Cronbach's alpha", even though the latter is far more common. Even Lee Cronbach himself was embarrassed that people attributed the metric to him. The following article might be helpful with regard to that:
Cho, E., & Kim, S. (2015). Cronbach’s coefficient alpha: Well known but poorly understood. Organizational Research Methods, 18(2), 207–230. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 1094428114555994
Second, I think it's important to realise that, as Cortina pointed out (ref below), alpha is highly dependent on the number of items involved and is certainly not an indication of homogeneity among items. This is often indicated by two or more separate factors on a construct having alpha values in the mid .80s but, when combined, having an alpha above .90.
Cortina, J. M. (1993). What is coefficient alpha? An examination of theory and applications. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(1), 98–104. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.78.1.98
In my experience, high alpha values are often (but not always) obtained with items that have a quite high degree of redundancy.
When there are fewer than 10 items involved, I think it can be quite OK to have an alpha less than .80.
Rather than relying (solely) on alpha values, I think it's often (more) useful to look at interitem correlations. I would allow some exceptions to their advice, but Clark and Watson recommend that these correlations lie between .15 and .50 - at least for unidimensional scales.
Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1995). Constructing validity: Basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 309–319. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.7.3.309
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I have two publications one listed in the web of science master list " European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences " ISSN: 1805-3602 and Second " Journal of Managerial Sciences"
ISSN: 1992-4364, Listed on HEC Pakistan in Y category.
Need your advice and suggestions.
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The RG master list includes journals from 3 databases: WoS, SCOPUS, DOAJ
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In which scientific studies you run or plan to run would be artificial intelligence helpful?
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Dear Vladimir Rotkin,
No. The discussion was not over. The overwhelming majority of the topics discussed in my Research Gate profile are still relevant and the discussions are open. Yes you are right. The issue of varieties of "analytical" artificial intelligence is also important. You added an important point to our discussion.
Thank you, Have a nice day, Stay healthy! Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz