Questions related to Social Science
Epistemologically, scientific realism is (say, mainly) based on the idea that we generate theoretical entities to understand, describe, and discover a structure in the reality; these entities are unobservable, yet they are real, they exist independently from our research and our mind. In other words, these entities are not merely instruments to discover reality; they are real (see Alexander Wendt, for example among others). However, for critical realism (e.g., Roy Bhaskar) this point is not clear for me: Do theoretical entities we generate to understand the "structured reality" have their ontological-real existence independently from our mind? are they real, not merely instruments to understand reality?
thanks in advance
First I would like to apologize for my limitations writing in English.
I am developing a doctoral thesis in geography whose theme led me to read about the BODY. So, I would like to know the opinion of colleagues regarding two questions:
- Is it possible to think of the body as a geographical analysis scale as legitimate as the others commonly used?
- In this context, what are the limits and potential of thinking of the body as space and object of study in geography?
** I accept indications of references on this topic. Thanks in advance.
With the emergence of chatGPT, educators are panicking about cheating and assessment. But what do the students have to say? As they say, students who are going to cheat, are already doing so. What about the rest? What are they thinking and exploring? As a teacher or a social science researcher, if you could ask high school students about chatGPT and AI, what would you want to know?
I'm developing a study on male prostitution, but I'm finding it difficult to get interviews. Most of the guys I came in contact with are willing to do interviews as long as I pay for their time. They claim that while they spend some of their time talking to me, they could be earning money with a client. One of them said that researchers commonly appropriate their stories, receive the title of master and doctor, while they do not gain anything. I felt that their arguments are valid and that, in fact, it would be fair pay (not for the interview but for the time) however, this attitude may run into an ethical issue.
So, I would like to ask you about this impasse, how do you see payment for the time of interviews, in this specific case?
I am developing a questionnaire for social science. The preliminary questionnaire has 35 items with 6 domains. However, one of the domains was optional ( 5 items), where only those who had been involved in an accident before needed to answer that questions. Unfortunately, my answer option for answering the questionnaire did not include not applicable.
When I run the EFA, parallel analysis suggests 5 factors. But this optional domain loads closely with another item with different instructions/ other domains.
So my question is, can I remove this one domain ( 5 items) from the EFA analysis and run the remaining 30 items for EFA. Then, re-include this optional domain when I run for CFA. Can I use expert judgment /based on the importance of that optional domain to the questionnaire to retain it as it is?
( I try to rerun the 35 items and 6 domain/factor ( including the optional domain) using CFA, and the result indicated good convergent and discriminant validity)
I wonder if this method is permissible or how I should go about it? Thanks
What test is appropriate for a data set with 10 continuous dependent variables and one dichotomous independent variable? Is it possible to perform 10 separate independent t-tests or some sort of ANOVA (MANOVA)? The sample size is 1022.
Dear science group,
I would like to ask you, what experience do you have with journal "Open Journal of Social Sciences" ISSN Print: 2327-5952 ISSN Online: 2327-5960
There are to many predatory journals.
Thanks for your time,
What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
I would love to hear about any materials you have found helpful and have inspired you to suggest to graduate students, doctoral students, researchers, and academicians to read for understanding or for refreshing their knowledge on research methodology and emerging research methods in social science (or management in specific but not necessary). These can be anything, for example, new books, classic books, and journal articles.
I hope the answers will help to create a comprehensive list of suggested readings on Research Methodology and Research Methods that would be helpful to anyone interested. Thank you!!
Does anyone know any papers/books from social science that discuss the strengths and limitations of qualitative and quantitative methods?
I'm interested in the intersection of mathematics and social sciences, and I'm looking for expert opinions on ethical content in mathematical history.
Biosocial studies encompass a set of approaches constituted by the space of knowledge generated by the interaction between biology and sociology. This space takes us back to the beginnings of social studies where biology and social sciences walked side by side. At present, these studies are being revitalised. For this reason, we want to contribute at Societies to strengthening this discipline and its research. When we conceive of biosocial research, we automatically think of medicine. However, the relationship between genetics and society, epigenetics, social evolution, the environment and the social, etc. can also be present in this field of study. In short, biosocial study is a diverse and plural set of approaches of great interest and relevance for today's world. In this Topic, we want to bring together the best international biosocial research. For this reason, we hope to feature the work of social scientists interested and concerned with the environment, health, diseases, biology, disability, old age, climate and energies in their relation to society. All these approaches also need a broad methodological perspective, so the issue is open to theoretical and empirical (quantitative and qualitative) work. We believe that studies of a conceptual nature with future hypotheses would also be of great interest. This issue aims to advance biosocial studies from a broad and diversified approach. Biosocial study helps us to better understand the surrounding reality. This is apparnt is we consider, for a moment, the numerous studies on SARS-CoV-2, or the possibilities that the social sciences offer to biomedicine or the science of care. On the other hand, we would like this issue to help biologists understand that the social sciences can help and complement their research. All in all, this is an exciting and thought-provoking Topic.
Do you notice any cases of censorship in social sciences in the world today? What is censored? Who are the censors? Is there a big field of phenomena which cannot be discussed today? What are the concequences of what we (social scholars) do not discuss?
I have seen many applications of ecological niche models, especially within the context of spatial epidemiology and vector-borne diseases. I was wondering can such models find an application in other domains (i.e., social science problems with point occurrence data e.g., crimes, or in disasters even) beyond geographies of species?
Can anyone help me to find a discussion paper in social science discipline?
I need to know the stricture of a Discussion Article.
The scenario is as follows:
- Imagine a phenomenon was studied by others;
- They concluded that there is correlation between the increase in that phenomenon and the increase in its outcomes;
- After reading these studies, can I hypothesize that if the phenomenon will prevail/ increase, the outcomes will also prevail/increase as well?
- Will my hypothesis be valid or is it incorrect to draw future conclusions on past ones?
- P.S. Sorry not to reveal what I am hypothisizing because, once revealed, it will lose its magic :)
Although this is not a new theme, the phenomena of "memory manipulation" and "politics of memory" always seem current to us. Even though they are different terms, they are close from a semantic point of view. Memory policies resort to manipulating memory using conditioning actions that, in some aspects, recall Skinner's reinforcement schemes. Authoritarian and totalitarian regimes have adopted this strategy in the iconography of classrooms and the contents of school textbooks. Thus, we can point to the school as a space where the propaganda of non-democratic political regimes intensified their politics of memory? Can the same phenomenon also be observed in democratic regimes?
I am PhD candidate in environmental sociology and currently waiting for the viva voce examination that will be expected in December 2022. I just would like to know, what is a good or minimum h-index for Scopus that we can say is a baseline for PhD graduates to be eligible to apply for senior lecturer/ academician post in university?
I have data from European Social Survey (24 countries) and want to model a cross level interaction. Can I do this with a simple random intercept (fixed slope) model? Or do I have to model a more complex random slope model? And if so, are 24 countries sufficient?
I am not explicit interested in explain the different slopes on Level 2 due to the cross level interaction. If its possible I would do that, but I think I need more countries right?
But i definetely want to show, that trust in institutions (Level 1 variable) depends on the level of corruption (level 2 variable) in a country. Can I do this with random intercept fixed slope model?
1) Improve humans' quality of life?
2) Preserve the Earth and its Biodiversity in any given condition?
2) Understanding and explaining Nature and the Universe around us?
3) Support local/regional sociopolitical interests?
4) There is no specific purpose...?
5) Other (please specify)
PS: if you supply literature and/or links to other discussions, please add your opinion also.
I have been testing the assumptions of Pearson's correlation and there are some weak linear relationships, but sometimes the R2 values are very small eg 0.002. Given that my research is being conducted in the messy world of social science, is this an acceptable value? If not, what is an acceptable value to assume linearity?
Memory policies promote places, monuments and even objects as memorial records of a past that should be remembered and celebrated as registers of a culture and identity. Through activities framed in pedagogies of memory, schools insert in their didactic activities the visit to places of memory. But is the pedagogy of memory dependent on memory policies established in educational policies or encouraged by national educational strategies? Can we say that memory policies pave the way to the establishment of memory pedagogy in school activities?
It is the trending topic for a publisher this week.
I want to learn the opinion of Academia members. Is it due to environmental factors or personal over-ambition?
Why does anyone commit fraud?
Communication is the key-word for both COVID causes and effects. Consequently, "life will not be the same" for the Social Sciences too. Researchers will soon want to develop a broader vision and new perspectives. This question is an invitation to brainstorm the future of the social paradigm.
Doing research in multilingual contexts can be challenging, as many of you know. I do social science research in Spain, and occasionally come across terms that lack a direct translation between Spanish & English.
A real head-breaker is 'grassroot (initiatives)'. Does anyone have a good translation for this? I'm looking for a term that makes sense for the general public (as I work together with local communities), and is ideally also used in Spanish scientific literature.
The question refers to research in social sciences, the time between measurements would be one month.
I have been looking for either a formula, or an example in literature to base my estimate on.
In the health science, the Hierarchy of evidence is very clear, and distinguish between the all types of evidence, is a sistematic process, with steps and methodologies that clarify the process. But, some times is necessary use evidence from another souerces like, social sciences, economics, education, etc. and in that cases, the quality of evidence is of importance to be used and how evaluated this is blurred , so i would know how this can be evaluated and how is it ranked
When I look at the comments for interesting-looking articles, I hope to see remarks that address aspects of the contents of the articles, that aid understanding, or make useful suggestions. Instead I typically find scores of mere "congratulations" and no further information. This is completely useless and irritating, and what few informative comments there might be are buried and hidden in the mass of useless comments.
The publication of Abraham Moles' "Sociodynamique de la Culture" in 1967 sparked new reflections on the relationship between the person, society and the modes of mass communication. Moles highlighted the intense relationship between the individual, his culture and the dynamics that develop around it. His approach to sociodynamic theory applied to message transfer reminded us about the dynamic and social processes that interfere with how a message is sent, interpreted, registered and shared. Although his work focused on radio and television, we could apply the same principles (with some breadth) to digital media. Nevertheless, how could we speak of a new Sociodynamique de la Culture in the current context? What new reflections can we draw from Moles's sociodynamic theory?
Hi all readers
If you know of any research groups, discussion groups, or conference resources in agent based modeling for social sciences / computational social sciences, please advise
My research is about the evaluation of curriculum (one subject of social sciences) at higher secondary level by using the CIPP model. I developed Research questions based on CIPP model.
I would be interested in what you see as the advantages and disadvantages of mixed-methods research in the social sciences. Do you do research with a mixture or combination of e.g. qualitative and quantitative research? Do you combine different quantitative or qualitative methods?
What challenges do you face (e.g., sampling, implementation, scope) and where do you see the limitations of the combination?
I have developed and validated a social sciences scale and now think it would be useful to band total scores into those who are 'dissatisfied', 'neither satisfied nor dissatisfied' and 'satisfied' for further statistical analysis (these correspond with the average Likert scale scoring that has been used in the scale). I am wondering would this undermine the factor structure that was used to create the scale, and whether doing so would be inadvisable? Many thanks for any help that you can offer.
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. Any input, support, publication links or comments will be highly appreciated!
Thank you in advance!
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
I mainly use surveys to collect data from people for my projects. I have been using SurveyMonkey to collect e-surveys and also enter 'field-paper' surveys, It is very good as I have both the practicalities of entering data with minimum or no errors (like using Access-Forms) and also share the survey online to target other people I may not capture on my 'field' data collections.
I am interested on the capabilities of epicollect5, and it has very useful things like, again create a form, being able to use it on-line or off-line and share for other people to collect. However, the type of questions you can create are limited and they don't adjust well to social surveys. Well, of course Epicollect5 is/was thought for other disciplines.
So, anyone knows of an alternative -FREE, as epicollect- for social science that would allow questions like matrixes, likert scales, rankings, multiple open-text in same question, or even adding a photo for people to rate or rank?
Thanks everyone for your opinion on this....
Although I have started to learn some techniques related to meta-analysis article, I am not sure what are the key principles or tips about choosing topics. I humbly invite experts to discuss topics about meta-analysis in social science. What are the principles researchers should know before start writing? What are the tips in choosing topic (how to choose a meaningful topic that can make contribution)? What is the potential of meta-analysis in future scholarship development and theoretical contribution?
Is Bartlett's test alone enough for hypothesis testing? or Chi square has to be tested along with in a dissertation for a Ph.D study in the field or social science?
In case study research
How to obtain multiple sources of evidence in the case of startups with no physical location and operating online and The data sources that the researcher can find It varies between the personal interview as a primary source, as well as their websites and the startups' accounts on social media (Twitter). As a result, the researcher will face a scarcity of multiple data sources that cover all study factors, except the interview, which will be almost the main source in this situation.
What are the most influential ontologies or taxonomies in the behavioral/social sciences? How did they make a difference? What does it mean to be an influential ontology or taxonomy? Citations? Use? Saved lives?
Over the last few months, I have come across several posts on social media where scientists/researchers even Universities are flaunting their ranking as per AD Scientific Index https://www.adscientificindex.com/.
When I clicked on the website, I was surprised to discover that they are charging a fee (~24-30 USD) to add the information of an individual researcher.
So I started wondering if it's another scam of ‘predatory’ rankings.
What's your opinion in this regard?
Mixed-methods researchers promote pragmatism as a paradigm by suggesting that it is directly linked to the needs of mixed-methods research. Scholars maintain that pragmatism provides a philosophical foundation for social science research, in general, and mixed-methods research, in particular (Morgan 2014a).
Many researchers still believe that mixed methodology should be done separately.
What is the take on the pragmatic approach where mixed methods adopt the use of both methods using one instrument/tool to collect data at the same time? This will either be QUANT+qual or QUAL+quant.
I am particularly interested in resources on/best ways to learn datasets/numeric evidence's interpretation and correlations between variables. Thank you!
Hello! I'm interested in building or joining existing research collaborations, but the channel our research office directs us to (researchconnect) seems better suited for hard sciences. Are there similar platforms or outlets for social sciences?
Of course i know it depends on the field and data i conducting the research in, and some fields like pharmacy or biology require very strict criteria.
But what i wonder is social science. I made a regression model to analyze the activity performed in urban space recently, which contains some variables whose p-value of t-test exceed 0.05 and rather close to 0.1. In this case can i apply relatively flexible criteria, 0.1 to each value?
And even if it's possible, applying criteria such as 0.15 won't be accepted, isn't it? Actually, several variables whose p-values are 0.1x are contained in the model
I would be very appreciate if you answer to my question and give a good reference regard to it.
Invitation to write theoretical or empirical articles for complexity forum on resilience from any perspective.
I have found my sample size based on the population of the city by using online sample size calculators like Survey Monkey. However, the number I get is about 200-300 and I am wondering is this the number of surveys I should distribute, or should I multiply this number by a number (if yes, what number?) or something to account for non-respondant?
I have heard a 5-10% response rate is common, and 10% of 300 is not much... so I am a bit confused about how to proceed.
I appreciate any help!
For example, research studies concerning part-time farming were famous in 1980s and 90s. Then, this trend was faded and not many recent research studies are found.
Are the research studies in social science influenced by the topics of political importance?
Is age an important factor in obtaining a PhD? or is it entirely dependent on the discipline of study, area, and/or offering institution?
Most often, we hear that someone is too young or too old to hold a PhD in certain fields, such as social sciences (too young), science, and engineering (too old). A quick look at the statistics suggests that this idea is supported in some way, as seen below.
31.3 in the life sciences
30.2 in physical sciences
32.4 in the social sciences
30.5 points for engineering
40.5 years of education
34.5 points for humanities
36.1 Other non-S&E fields
Although there are a few exceptions, such as some senior citizens graduating with a PhD at the age of more than 80, the tendency appears to be as stated above.
What are your thoughts on the link between age and Postgraduate education, as well as the discipline of study?
I am a 52-year old young student pursuing research in social sciences. My topic is 'Adaptive Learning in Higher Education in India'
As I have completed the research, need a few international professors and Indian professors who can evaluate my thesis.
Kindly let me know if you have already guided research students and are interested in evaluating this thesis. Kindly share your contact details, please
I am looking for book recommendations on how to construct a scale, preferably with a focus on (and examples from) social sciences. Any suggestions?
Thanks in advance!
R programming language seems to have some benefits over SPSS, one being an open-source program. Getting an SPSS license is fairly costly. Knowing that SPSS is very popular in the social sciences, is the use of R acceptable?
What is the formula used by the Philippine Social Science Council used for the number of respondents in a random sampling and the applicable margin of error to be used the fact that I need a small number of respondents that must still be reliable for a study?
What do you consider to be the best methodological handbooks (covering both quali & quanti) for beginning researchers in the humanities and social sciences?
The views of doctoral students are particularly welcome :)
Many thanks in advance for your help!
I would like to know the difference between Ontology and Epistemological bases of research and the weaknesses and advantages. and how to use these for collecting data.
I have conducted a cross-sectional survey on a 1021 samples. The data is not normally distributed. What are the best statistical tools for analysing not normally distributed data? What are the best non-parametric tests for social science?
COVID-19 is changing the social life of all people. Jumping out of the personal aspect, how does it affect the family as a whole.
Family is regarded as the fundamental structure of the society, will COVID-19 changes the future family structure, unit and model?
How is it affecting gender issues too?
Besides, why is domestic violence increasing? Is psychology and psychiatry playing a role?
 Campbell AM. An increasing risk of family violence during the Covid-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives.
Forensic Science International: Reports vol. 2 (2020): 100089.
COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence
The pandemic paradox: The consequences of COVID‐19 on domestic violence
J Clin Nurs
I am trying to figure out what lab work can I do for social engineering subjects under humanities and social science. Please share your ideas.
The theory of social capital in the social sciences is well developed, considering not only sociology, but also political science and economics. However, in the modern world, which is called the period of formation and development of digital society, the question arises as to whether digital capital can exist? As a form of social capital, as a structure that reproduces social inequalities, as a mechanism for the institutionalization of social (and maybe digital?) Relations. What do you think about it? And how can digital capital be conceptualized in sociology?
I'm looking for co-authors Are you a master's or doctoral student in psychology, behavioural sciences, social work, counseling psychology or a related discipline and would like to co-author a study on the depth of emotional pain? If so, let's examine this together.
Have you ever wondered why people self-harm when they are in discomfort or emotional pain? Some curse injury by cutting or burning their flesh, punching or hitting oneself. They do this to divert attention away from the pain or to distract the brain. Can you fathom burning your skin in order to relieve emotional pain? We won't be able to grasp why individuals do what they do or how to help them unless we understand the depth of emotional agony. It is simple to discuss bodily pains caused by injury or illness. Non-physical pain, on the other hand, is difficult to discuss, and instant treatment is impossible.
I'm looking for social science articles -- in English/German -- that focus on companies moving within a city/metropolitan area and associated changes in employees' residential location and daily commuting patterns. Papers dealing with issues of staff turnover as a result of intra-urban company relocation are also very welcome. The reading material will be used for a M.Sc. group research project.
Which free software for text analytics tasks (such as text mining and sentiment analysis) can be recommended for social science researchers and students who do not have much background in programming or data science?
I understand that R could be the obvious answer for many, given its capabilities, I am specifically looking to shortlist 4 to 5 GUI/point-and-click options which can be recommended to early researchers and post graduate students in social sciences, especially Psychology.
I have experimented with KNIME and Orange, but won't certify them as 'friendly enough'. This could be because I did not spend enough time on them, though.
Most of the social science research follow a quantitative method that includes either a survey or structured interview. While some researchers expand their sample to nearly a thousand or more participants, others limit their sample to five interviews only. What is the base for considering a sample representatively acceptable to conclude results that affect decision making?
Where I can find out international conferences that focuses on social sciences area for presenting my research finding? Where I can access regular update of those conferences?
Why are there still people in the 21st century who in some countries do not accept the prevailing knowledge confirmed by scientific research who believe that the Earth is not round is only flat or that the Earth is the center of the Solar System, not the Sun or negating the process the evolution of the origin of various life forms on Earth, etc.?
In my opinion, it is not a question of faith but a lack of knowledge confirmed by scientific research. It is strange, however, that in the 21st century, in the face of the facts widely confirmed in the media, confirmed in many aspects scientifically, on the basis of experiments carried out, space expeditions are still people who ignore this widely available knowledge in the media and create their unjustified theories.
No wonder that even a few centuries ago and before, i.e. in a situation of widespread illiteracy and lack of universal access to knowledge and information, in the absence of media it was easy to maintain, promote anachronistic and illogical theories to implement a specific information policy for the needs of maintaining absolute power, which one of the attributes was access to knowledge and information deliberately restricted for a large part of society, and in some epochs, such as, for example, in the Middle Ages, deliberately limited research possibilities and deliberately placed barriers to the development of science. In such realities, totalitarianisms are easily formed and it is easy to carry out indoctrination of the society by propagating even illogical, unjustified ideologies that are not supported by any scientific research.
Therefore, nowadays access to knowledge and results of scientific research should be universal and unlimited. A large positive role in this matter is played by the Internet and Internet portals such as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How has the significance of scientific knowledge changed over the centuries from the point of view of the present day?
I invite you to the discussion
Some time ago I shared my scientific essay with GRIN. They offered me selling hard copy of this work via GRIN site or Amazon and pdf version to download from GRIN. I prepared pdf version of the paper and upload it, but I must admit there was inconsistency between final version active on site and pdf version that I have shared with them - problems with accurate formatting. Even if I selected for free option, little price was set up for downloading the pdf. Each one who wants to upload its own paper, has to agree with conditions, and one of them is that the paper will be active at least for 5 years under agreed conditions.
Still I have doubts if I did wrong or good sharing my essay with them. As a publisher was GRIN suitable choice indeed? What do you think? What experience do you have with this publisher?
Thanks in advance for your reply!
Hello fellow researchers,
for my final thesis I want to examine if sustainability is a new status symbol and if yes, how strong it is and it's differences to luxury goods (and also if a luxury good is not "green" does this circumstance reduce it's symbolic power?).