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Social Policy - Science topic

Social policy primarily refers to guidelines, principles, legislation and activities that affect the living conditions conducive to human welfare.
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Publications related to Social Policy (10,000)
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In just a few decades, women’s roles and statuses in Brunei have undergone a tremendous change. From traditional homemakers to entrepreneurs, to high government officials and voluntary activists, Bruneian women are increasingly visible and influential in the professional and public realms. Many of them are erudite and active contributors to the cou...
Research Proposal
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The Springer series International Perspectives on Social Policy, Administration and Practice puts the spotlight on international and comparative studies of social policy, administration, and practice with an up-to-date assessment of their character and development. In particular, the series seeks to examine the underlying assumptions of the practic...
Article
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This study was conducted in Burji and Konso area, Southern Ethiopia, specifically to measure the status of multidimensional poverty of rural households and to find its determinants. To address these objectives, 368 households were selected using simple random sampling techniques. The data were collected from primary and secondary sources. The inte...
Article
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Background One of the effective ways to attract social collaboration to provide effective, prompt, and coordinated interventions in emergencies is through social innovation. The present study seeks to identify the factors affecting the implementation of the social innovation plan based on the collaboration between government and non-governmental or...
Chapter
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Citation: Chen, Sheying, & Powell, Jason (2016). Introduction: Global economy and inequality. In: Berdayes, Vicente & Murphy, John W. (eds.), Neoliberalism, Economic Radicalism, and the Normalization of Violence. New York, NY: Springer.
Article
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Background This research examined the mental health of a cohort of asylum-seeking children, adolescents and their primary caregiver affected by insecure residency while living in the community, compared to refugees and immigrants. Methods The project investigated the prevalence of psychosocial problems among Iranian and Afghani asylum seeker, refu...
Chapter
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Como es conocido por una buena parte de las personas estudiosas de los temas sociales en la región de América Latina, se tiene una seria dificultad en materia de distribución del ingreso, situación que repercute en temas de equidad y pobreza. En los últimos años se han tenido algunos avances en mayor o menor medida, según del país que se trate; por...
Article
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This paper expands the analysis of the cyclical characteristics of social spending by providing information on its joint behaviour across OECD countries. With this aim we propose the use of dynamic factor analysis and recursive models to estimate synchronization and cyclicality of social policies within a broad perspective. By considering the synch...
Article
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Background The impact of COVID-19 international travel restrictions has to date, not been fully explored, and with the ongoing threat that new variants could potentially restrict movement further, it is important to consider the impacts that travel restrictions have on community members. This study aimed to evaluate the psychological and financial...
Chapter
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The COVID-19 pandemic has crystallized more than ever, the social and economic disparities and inequalities in Latin America. It has shown us how some countries and groups were better prepared than others and how some communities were worse affected than others. Meanwhile, Latin American Social Protection Systems (SPS) have responded with different...
Preprint
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Abstract Social service is one of the leading areas in each state and society’s policy, daily life. It is not only a field of science and research, but also an integral part of social life and policy. It is widely paid attention to the social services and developed in every country today. Although this field has always been important in the world,...
Article
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Social service is one of the leading areas in each state and society’s policy, daily life. It is not only a field of science and research, but also an integral part of social life and policy. It is widely paid attention to the social services and developed in every country today. Although this field has always been important in the world, social se...
Article
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Contemporary society is presented as a model of other sociality demanding extraordinary methods of research in the cognitive space of uncertainty. This article aims at analyzing a heterologous paradigm of postnon-classical social philosophical discourse and how it applies to the socio-philosophical context of modernity by using cognitive and heuris...
Conference Paper
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The Special Issue aims to develop new analytical tools relevant for the whole discipline by setting the scene for SLB theory in the Mediterranean countries, Eastern Europe, Asia, South America, and Africa. This could contribute to the theoretical and empirical advancement of the field. We welcome papers that adopt the SLB theory to study street-lev...
Article
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Introduction The Rohingya refugee influx in 2017 was one of those events that attracted the attention of the international community. With this refugee influx, Rohingya women’s sexual and reproductive health (SRH) conditions have been greatly affected. This study aims to find out the condition of Rohingya refugee women’s sexual and reproductive hea...
Article
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We are writing this editorial at the time when international drug policy and the social studies of drug use have been undergoing major reforms on political, social and academic levels. More stakeholders have become involved in the debates about decriminalization and legalization of drugs, and an increasing number of jurisdictions are reforming thei...
Article
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It is estimated that Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is the region with the second highest figures for food insecurity (FI) globally, with a prevalence of 40.9% in the entire region. This cross-sectional study analyzes the household factors associated with FI across 13 LAC countries. We used data from the first round of high-frequency phone s...
Book
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AUF EINEN BLICK • Das Thema ‚Klimawandel und Migration' wird in Deutschland bislang vornehmlich als ein Problem des globalen Südens diskutiert. Immer wieder kommt es in Publikationen als Drohkulisse vor, in den Medien wird simplifiziert berichtet. Überlegungen dazu, welche Konsequenzen das Zusammenspiel von Klimawandel und Migrationen hinsichtlich...
Chapter
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India is home to the world's largest indigenous population. Popularly referred to as Adivasis and Scheduled Tribe in official parlance, they constitute 9 percent of the total population in the country. But given the highly iniquitous and hierarchical nature of Indian society, minority groups, including 86 million Adivasis suffer from extreme levels...
Book
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景天魁、Stein Kuhnle、潘屹、陈社英 (主编) (2022). 社会政策与老年福利:中国、北欧及国际比较研究。武汉:华中科技大学出版社。【Citation: Jing, Tiankui; Kuhnle, Stein; Pan, Yi; & Chen, Sheying (eds.) (2022). Social Policy and Aging Welfare: China, Northern Europe, and International Comparative Studies. Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press. Translation by Yanhong HU.】
Chapter
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This contribution introduces the concept of Adult Learning Systems (ALS), provides a brief overview of some of the most salient patterns of participation for countries that participated in the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), discusses coordination problems associated with ALS, and summarizes some insti...
Article
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La reforma económica pre pandemia: del concepto a la implementación práctica. Existen tres momentos decisivos en la historia reciente de Cuba desde la perspectiva de la histo-ria económica; el triunfo de la Revolución de 1959, la adopción de un modelo económico socialista de dirección centralmente planificada en 1975 1 y; el proceso de reformas ini...
Article
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This article critically analyzes and quantified the extent to which social determinants of health explains health inequalities regarding maternal mortality in Nigeria. Evidence suggests that maternal mortality is predominant in developing countries. This formed the rationale in using Nigeria as a case study for critical analysis. This study showed...
Research
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Agricultural production is under the constant threat of disasters such as droughts, floods, and storms and from diseases and pests. The increasing incidence of crop-damaging events is likely to drive a demand for insurance coverage. Agricultural insurance has been repeatedly discussed in Lao PDR but has only been converted into a premium subsidy sc...
Article
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Large population-based studies on the associations of childhood factors with late-life cognition are lacking in many low and middle income countries including India. In this study, we assessed the prevalence of late-life cognitive impairment and examined the associations of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and health conditions with cognitive i...
Article
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Females on average live longer but with higher rates of functional impairment and lower physical and economic activities than men. However, research linking retirement to functional impairment and the modifying role of gender and physical activity (PA) is limited especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the association be...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has brought great difficulties for the deaf, the blind and people with disabilities in general, in addition to the difficulties of everyday life. This study aims to examine the public interest in the social integration of the deaf and hard of hearing community during the pandemic and the pre-pandemic period in the context of a...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Im Jahr 2003 legten Thomas Olk, Hans-Uwe Olk und Holger Backhaus-Maul eine starke Positionierung der Sozialen Arbeit als personenbezogene Dienstleistungsarbeit vor. Diese Standortbestimmung Sozialer Arbeit zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts enthält sowohl einen Rückblick auf die Entwicklung Sozialer Arbeit seit den 1970er Jahren als auc...
Article
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Background Improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is becoming a major focus of old age care and social policy. Researchers have been increasingly examining subjective social status (SSS), one’s self-perceived social position, as a predictor of various health conditions. SSS encompasses not only concrete socio-economic (SES) factors but al...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Der deutsche Sozialstaat organisiert soziale Sicherung traditionell auf zwei höchst unterschiedliche Weisen: Zum einen über die erwerbsarbeitszentrierten staatlichen Sozialversicherungen, die typische Risiken im Lebenslauf für alle Erwerbstätigen und ihre Familien absichern, zum anderen über eine bedarfsgeprüfte Existenzsicherung un...
Article
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Background Older adults living in the community may have daily needs for help to perform different types of activities. In developing countries, older adults face the additional challenge of lacking sufficient economic means to face their increasing needs with ageing, and health and social policies may be under pressure. The aim of this study was t...
Preprint
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The nineteenth century market halls of Cairo, Egypt, were built as places where the social elites could buy hygienic food in a secure environment. Today, after decades of decay, these market halls represent opportunities to restore their socioeconomic role as places for encounters, trade, and social inclusivity (Gonzalez, 2018; Watson and Studdert,...
Book
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The circular economy promotes the activities of preserving the building value in the form of energy, material, and labor with the aim to close the gap between production and natural ecosystems’ cycles. Building energy retrofit plays an important part in fostering the circular economy through integrating circular energy strategies and new technologi...
Article
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Workplace automation fueled by technological innovations has been generating social policy implications. Defying the prevalent argument that automation risk triggers employment insecurity and prompts individuals to favor redistribution, this study doesn't find empirical evidence in the Chinese context. Analyzing national survey data, this study rev...
Conference Paper
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Joanna Mack and Stewart Lansley pioneered the ‘consensual’ method, whereby potential ‘socially perceived necessities’ generated by focus groups require a majority of survey respondents to vote them as necessities, and poverty rates are based on the proportions indicating they cannot afford these necessities. Using this method, Breadline Britain/PSE...
Article
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El COVID-19 ha visibilizado las inequidades sistémicas, multiplicado las condiciones de vulnerabilidad y descubierto la incapacidad de numerosas instituciones públicas para responder a la pandemia. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar y contextualizar la gestión de la crisis sanitaria en Cuba, así como la atención a grupos vulnerables dura...
Book
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Studie untersucht die Situation queerer Fachkräfte in der Sozialen Arbeit und verfolgt hierbei eine zweifache Perspektive und Zielsetzung. Zum einen die professionstheoretische Perspektive auf queere Fachkräfte als Queer Professionals und lebensweltliche Expert:innen für sexuelle und geschlechtliche Vielfalt. Zum anderen wurden die Diskriminierunge...
Thesis
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Em 2014 a Organização das Nações Unidas para Alimentação e Agricultura (FAO) noticiou com grande destaque a saída do Brasil do Mapa da Fome. Esse feito foi celebrado no país como resultado de um conjunto de iniciativas e programas sociais implementados desde 2003 sob égide do Programa Fome Zero. Mais de quinze anos após sua criação, o programa aind...
Article
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Meeting individuals' social care needs is a core element of UK social policy. However, the conceptualisation and operationalisation of ‘unmet need’ remain a challenge. This paper advances our understanding by incorporating a temporal dimension into the conceptual framework on unmet need to investigate the dynamics of met and unmet need for social c...
Article
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Mexico ranks among the OECD countries with the highest prevalence of teenage pregnancies, exhibiting a fertility rate of 70.6 births for every 1000 adolescents. Mexican adolescents with a history of pregnancy are twice as likely to lag behind in their studies as those who have not been pregnant. Research on adolescent maternity and its explanatory...
Article
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Background In light of rapid population ageing across Europe, maintaining a high level of wellbeing in old age is a priority for social policy. Research on macro-level influences on wellbeing in the older population is rare, especially regarding heterogeneous effects within different groups, such as persons with and without health limitations. Obj...
Article
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The access to open government data has been a relevant topic for societies around the world, especially over the last ten years. This paper aims to analyze the indicators of the São Paulo City Observatory (ObservaSampa), confronting them with the ISO 3712x series (sustainable, smart, and resilient cities) standards, to assess if the former meet bot...
Article
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У даному науковому дослідженні проведено аналіз демографічної ситуації у Китаї та її впливу на соціально-економічну стабільність держави. Стабільне і збалансоване демографічне відтворення – важлива умова розвитку будь-якої економіки, держави та суспільства. Реалізація дієвої соціальної політики КНР потребує постійного моніторингу рівня життя різних...
Article
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Las Comunidades de Profesionales de Aprendizaje (CPA) tienen como objetivo la implementación de procesos que ayuden a disminuir la forma de trabajo individualista. Los docentes de la primera infancia deberán colaborar en una forma de trabajo más colectiva. De esta forma pueden ser parte de comunidades profesionales y relacionarse con otros educador...
Article
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The aim of this article is to reflect on social care as a central dimension of contemporary social policy. Based on the study of conditional cash transfer programs (CCT) in Argentina, we examine how social care constitutes work, which is incorporated as a resource in State interventions, and which falls on women. We used in-depth interviews and doc...
Article
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Resume: Drawing on the ontological turn made by political ecology as a theoretical framework, this article analyzes the environmentalist documentaries Hija de la laguna (Cabellos 2015) and When Two Worlds Collide (Orzel and Brandenburg 2016) to offer a thorough political understanding of the conflicts known as Conga and Baguazo in the Peruvian Ande...
Article
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The aim of this special issue is to investigate inequality in access to Early Childhood Education and Care services (ECEC) by looking at the extent to which access rules, cost of service and type of provision constitute a barrier for certain socio-economic groups. The monograph engages with discussions on the role of policies addressing the needs o...
Article
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La innovación social es un concepto teórico que ha sido aplicado al debate sobre el estado de bienestar en el ámbito local, por su capacidad de identificar propuestas de iniciativa comunitaria con potencial para generar buenas prácticas para la innovación en las políticas públicas. A pesar de su reconocido potencial innovador, muchos autores han ad...
Article
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Sustainable Development Goal 10 (SDG10) proposes the reduction of inequalities. This research highlights the importance of considering short- and long-term mechanisms for designing and applying policies to reduce income inequality. Specifically, we test for the causal link between technological innovation and income inequality using a balanced pane...
Book
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Este libro explora los vínculos entre organizaciones populares y Estado en el escenario de la política social durante los años de gobierno de la Alianza Cambiemos. Los capítulos que lo componen se sumergen en la trama diversa y compleja de estas relaciones dando origen a la construcción de una obra coral que posibilita indagar el modo de articulaci...
Preprint
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This article quarantines the impact of COVID-19, microfinance, and multi-macroeconomics factors on different poverty measures at the macro-level data of a single country. The time-series data are supplemented by 34 years (1988-2021). Unit root cointegration tests were adopted to account for the issue of stationarity in time series data. The semi-lo...
Article
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Este artículo se propone explorar los procesos de digitalización de las políticas sociales con componente laboral y/o educativo, a partir de las percepciones de las juventudes receptoras. La metodología implementada ha implicado el trabajo con análisis documental y la realización de e-entrevistas mediadas por las Tecnologías de la Información y la...
Article
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En el campo de los estudios sociales sobre políticas sociales, es frecuente observar análisis y evaluaciones enfocadas en los programas actualmente vigentes. Sin embargo, un aspecto recurrente de estas intervenciones es que persisten a lo largo del tiempo e incluso, en algunos casos, se superponen ante la creación de nuevos programas. En un recorri...
Article
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Background The association between belonging to a disadvantaged socio-economic status or social class and health outcomes has been consistently documented during recent decades. However, a meta-analysis quantifying the association between belonging to a lower social class and the risk of dementia has yet to be performed. In the present work, we sou...
Article
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The Covid-19 pandemic has prompted manifold social policy responses all around the world. This article presents the findings of a meta-analysis of thirty-six in-depth country reports on early Covid-19 social policy responses in the Global South. The analysis shows that social policy responses during the early phase of the pandemic have been predomi...
Article
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Although studies show that the increasing number of women in the legislature has led to greater representation in social policies, it is often unclear whether the effect is significant for quota-elected women and other legislators. In this study, we examine the case of Taiwan, where quotas have been implemented on one tier in a mixed electoral syst...
Article
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Abstract Public policy is the set of activities that governments engage in for the purpose of changing their economy and society. The study examined public policy and institutional quality in Nigeria using time series data that spanned the period of 1999 to 2020. Public Social policy index (PSPI) and Public Administration Policy Index (PAPI) wa...
Chapter
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A globalização corporativa, a ascensão do capitalismo financeiro e as mudanças nas tecnologias de informação e produção vêm desestabilizando formas tradicionais de organização jurídica e político-social no Ocidente. Este Volume 1, Contexto do ensino e sujeitos, da obra Globalização, ensino jurídico e desigualdade busca contribuir para a discussão d...
Article
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Objetivo: O presente estudo tem por objetivo evidenciar a origem dos recursos e os processos de implementação e distribuição do benefício emergencial destinado às classes populares, comparando com a teoria distributiva de Lowi e justificar o controle e accountability. Metodologia: Realizou-se a revisão de literatura referente a abordagem da teoria...
Article
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Purpose: The present study aims to evidence the origin of resources, the implementation and distribution processes of the emergency benefit destined to the popular classes, comparing with Lowi's distributive theory, and justify the control and accountability. Methodology: A literature review was conducted regarding Lowi's approach to distributive...
Article
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The anti-vaccine movement has gained traction in many countries since the COVID-19 pandemic began. However, their aggressive behaviour through replies on Twitter—a form of directed messaging that can be sent beyond follow-follower relationships—is less understood, and even less is known about the language use differences of this behaviour. We condu...
Article
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We examine the associations of a country’s macroeconomic and social policy indicators and diverse household characteristics with joint-income-wealth-poverty (JIWP) among households with members aged 50 years and over in 18 European countries and Israel. A multidimensional approach was used to integrate income and wealth by defining four groups of h...
Presentation
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A lo largo de los años y en la actualidad en México se han presentado diferentes situaciones de crisis (ambientales, sociales, económicas y políticas) con efectos en la seguridad alimentaria y la nutrición (Barquera S, et al 2001). A partir de estas crisis los efectos siempre repercuten con a la población más vulnerable de México, Clasificado sin d...
Article
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ملخص: تتطلب عملية تحقيق التنمية المستدامة بأبعادها المختلفة إدراج الاهتمامات البيئية في السياسات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية تحت مظلة سياسة قومية للتنمية المستدامة تأخذ في الحسبان الاعتبارات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والبيئية عند بدء عملية استغلال الموارد المتاحة بحسب استدامتها. وبخصوص قطاع المحروقات الناضبة في الجزائر والدول النفطية بينت ورقتنا هذه أن عمل...
Article
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En este artículo se presenta la adaptación de una versión reducida de la escala de autoritarismo de derechas (RWA) en Colombia. En el Estudio 1 (n=417) se realizó un análisis fac-torial exploratorio para identificar las dimensiones de la escala; y en el Estudio 2 (n=396), se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio en donde se analizó la validez...
Article
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This article explores the field of school hygiene in Latin America which emerged on the intersection between two highly important fields of social policy: education and health. In this work I argue that school hygiene turned schools into discrete laboratories of social policies, i.e. spaces of experimentation amd potentially radical transformation...
Article
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The aim of this study is to examine the energy poverty in the world and to produce a policy for this problem. In this study, descriptive analysis method was used. In the study, the conceptual framework of energy poverty was drawn and the methods of measuring energy poverty and the causes of energy poverty were discussed. Using the findings consisti...
Article
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Replacement rates have gained acceptance as a useful metric for assessing the conditions of retirees and households at point of retirement. Here we use data from the SHARE longitudinal database to investigate income dynamics within a comparative European context. Our analysis, centering on households as opposed to the individuals on whom internatio...
Article
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This paper evaluates the effectiveness of social policy to alleviate poverty in Mexico; where poverty is persistent, social programs are numerous and complex to monitor. Our analysis uses MEXMOD tax-benefit microsimulation. We simulate four scenarios that grant direct money transfers to individuals in multidimensional poverty, elderly people, famil...
Article
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Este artículo busca esclarecer las principales rupturas del paradigma de política social de la llamada Cuarta Transformación con respecto al paradigma neoliberal. A partir del concepto de paradigma de política, y mediante una aproximación cualitativa, se comparan ambos paradigmas en cuatro dimensiones ideacionales con diferente grado de generalidad...
Article
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We examine determinants of subjective wellbeing (SWB) for mothers of dependent children in material hardship, using a modification of the New Zealand Treasury’s Living Standards Framework (LSF) and data from the General Social Survey. We convert the LSF—an indicator dashboard—into a tool for prioritising social policies by placing SWB at the head o...
Article
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Background Social capital is a well-known health determinant with both relational and geographic aspects. It can help mitigate adverse events and has been shown to impact behaviors and responses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Mental health has declined during the COVID-19 pandemic, and social capital, may serve to buffer those declines. Methods Bui...
Article
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Drawing on existing European research findings, we assess factors driving Brazilian social security street‐level officials' deservingness perceptions through survey and administrative data. Ordered regression analyses gauge the effects of socioeconomic status, social work academic background and face‐to‐face contact with the public on these officia...
Article
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In Italy, Law 112/2016 regulates independent living projects for people with disabilities. It is part of a cultural and social policy scenario in transformation. The reductive and technocratic perspective of social educational work is in crisis while a paradigm based on housing and its ecosystem of relations is emerging. This paper draws inspiratio...
Article
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Resumen: En este escrito se analizan los procesos de digitalización que involucran en su ciclo vital las políticas sociales, a partir de su inscripción en lo que se ha denominado sociedades 4.0. El trabajo es producto del análisis documental y e-entrevistas realizadas a receptores de las intervenciones estatales. Se concluye que: a) los entornos vi...
Article
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Traditionally, prosociality has been conceptualized in terms of the interpersonal domain, for example, helping behavior. Nevertheless, people can be prosocial in terms of ideological domains, for example, social policies they support. The present study examined the utility of distinguishing interpersonal and ideological prosocial values as predicto...
Article
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The article is an attempt to draw attention to the intention of the Ministry of Family and Social Policy to shape its own legal policy with regard to the ability of the officials of the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) to obtain information about individuals subject to official control. Within the proposed changes to Art. 61a of the Act of 25 Jun...
Article
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La pobreza es un fenómeno multidimensional de carácter estructural en México que recibe un tratamiento formal hasta la época revolucionaria, cuando la política social se posiciona en la agenda de gobierno y el combate a la pobreza se convierte en una de las prioridades de la política nacional. Entre los múltiples instrumentos que se han utilizado,...
Article
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Chile is the Global South’s “exceptional nation” in terms of wealth and historical development patterns, but most recently it has been aligning with some of the geopolitical area’s traits. Together with the constitutional reform process, the resounding victory of the left under the lead of Gabriel Boric Font (born 1986) in Chile’s December 2021 pre...
Conference Paper
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This paper analyzes the effects of sanitation and access to education in slums, also known as favelas, from Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, bringing insides about the importance of regional development policy. Whether or not people have the right to have access to sanitation is one of the factors that ensures greater or lesser protection against the...