Questions related to Social Exclusion
In my current research on the lived experience of ageing in extreme poverty, I am trying to illustrate something connecting the discursive social process of 'Othering'. But I am struggling to find a term that can best define the reverse process of 'Othering'. What it could be in one/two words? Your contribution is much appreciated.
Poverty is a multidimensional concept and the dimensions of poverty are far beyond inadequate income, for example, poor health and nutrition, low education and skills, inadequate livelihoods, bad housing conditions, social exclusion and lack of participation. Money-based measures are but deprivations in other dimensions need to be considered because households facing multiple deprivations are likely to be in worse situations than income poverty measures suggest. I wish to know whether this index can be constructed at village level and what are the indicators and sub-indicator can be included in such an Index?
What socio-economic policy is appropriate for reducing poverty and social exclusion in contemporary social market economies?
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG,
The issues of specific programs to improve the economic, financial, material and housing situation of households as key instruments of pro-development state intervention and significant components of the socio-economic policy of the state I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Development takes place at the cost of underdevelopment. Some people have to make sacrifice on the altar of development. The irony is that people you are forced to make the sacrifice on the altar of development are economically backward, culturally suppressed and socially oppressed. Thus the so-called development leads to deprivation and further marginalization of the already marginalized. Your views on this discussion.
Is it correct to say that social exclusion is mainly sustained by economic precariousness?
From my point of view, the answer to this question would be yes, but qualifying that there are other factors that could affect it to a greater or lesser extent.
my thesis is looking into the extent to which allocentric values influence the relationship between moral superiority and social exclusion. Attached below is the PROCESS output (using model 1) - the outcome variable for the analysis was the exclusion behavior (exclude vs. include any player); the predictor variable for the analysis was the participants’ condition (control vs. moral superiority), with participants’ COS (culture orientation) score being the moderator for the analysis. This was a method advised by my supervisor (binary logistic regression). The overall model is significant, but what does this mean? How do I interpret the results in layman terms? I am confused as to how to interpret and report the results in the APA format.
Thank you very much for your help!
The progress of digitization and the development of new technologies undoubtedly bring many benefits. However, they can also create or deepen problems related to the social exclusion of certain groups of people, such as the elderly, for whom modern technology is still largely unavailable, and even arouses a sense of uncertainty and fear (so-called technophobia). The consequences of such a phenomenon become particularly evident in the situation of social isolation, whose unprecedented dimension is currently observed in the so-called COVID-19 pandemic era. Therefore, it a necessity to answer two questions formulated in the title of this discussion. Even if we know why, the method (how) is not evident. Various authors have proposed various means and tools to be used for the mentioned purpose, but their publications have rather the nature of case studies than of a methodological consideration. This sort of approach, i.e. the occurrence of the phenomenon of social exclusion compounded by a pandemic situation has contributed to the development of the assumptions of the project entitled "Developing the cognitive capabilities of older people through information technology." This project was developed by the INNOVATOR Student Science Club at the Faculty of Organization and Management of the Silesian University of Technology, and its goal is to develop a tool to support the acquisition of competences by seniors in the field of technological content and understand new smart city solutions, such as carrying out everyday activities, e.g. shopping via the Internet, tele-advices or checking public transport timetables. Familiarizing seniors with the operation of electronic devices will allow them to strengthen the relations with the family and the younger generation, e.g. thanks to the use of social networks and the ability to organize a videoconferences. Thanks to this tool, the constantly introduced new limitations in interpersonal contacts will be easily combated, thus eliminating the feeling of isolation and loneliness.
DV= EWB (comprises from 8 variables in dichotomous nature, based on yes and no)
IV= Social exclusion (comprises from 6 indicators and each indicator has 5-8 statements based on categorical and continuous data)
please write me the step wise procedure of the statistical tool and reference papers, books and videos link. I'll be highly thankful.
IMPORTANT: Best practices and answers will be published in the ASIDE project reports [ISBN], EPALE and in the project website. http://aside.inbie.pl/
Is there a relation between Digital inclusion and social inclusion?
There is not a single answer to the influence of mobile technology on social exclusion/exclusion.
How to make the digital revolution an opportunity for everybody and how to provide a bridge between technology and society?
Are there any proven “Digital Inclusion programs” available on the Internet?
How can I check if greater levels of accessibility inevitably result in greater participation in activities or more mobility?
What methodology can I use? What are the most appropriate accessibility measures?
I am developing my thesis on social exclusion and social justice related to transport. I would like to do some spatial analysis comparing socioeconomic and demographic data with travel behavior.
I intend to do this using the R programming language. Also, my knowledge of statistics is a bit out of date. Can you recommend an online course where I can learn spatial statistics using R programming?
I am currently conducting research (my master thesis) on social justice and social exclusion related to transport. My research hypothesis is whether greater levels of accessibility inevitably result in greater participation in activities or more mobility.
In this way, I would like to read articles that have already studied this relationship.
An article I found on the subject is
"Fransen, K., Farber, S., Deruyter, G., & De Maeyer, P. (2018) The spatio-temporal accessibility measure for modeling activity participation in discretionary activities. . "
Could you suggest me more papers on the subject?
Social exclusion marginal groups are often viewed as hindrance for development. Is it possible to look at them as reserve for development?
It has become commonplace to refer to colonialism, or some of its declinations such as post-colonialism or coloniality, as general terms to situate contemporary social exclusion, marginality, and resistance. This conceptual choice has the great advantage of drawing attention to historical continuities between contemporary structures and the centuries-long reproduction of structures of domination. However, is it possible that the conceptual strength of this lumping also hinders our ability to understand the specific modalities of social injustice in various contexts and in different historical moments? Is it possible that this choice leads us to conflate, for example, colonialism, imperialism, capitalism, and modernity, as an overly coherent project? Your thoughts will be most welcome!
I am Denzell Tan. A 5th year BS Architecture Student currently taking my undergraduate thesis at Ateneo de Davao University, Philippines. My study is entitled "A Proposed Multi-sensory Campus for the Differently-abled: A Study on Social Exclusion in the Built Environment of Higher Education Institutions through Inclusive Design". In line with this, I need the help of psychologist and sociologist to better understand the effects of social exclusion in the built environment of higher education that are experienced by differently-abled students. Thank you and good day
I'm working on Dalit women and Social Exclusion: A study of the Chamar Women in Post colonial Uttar Pradesh. I want suggestions, sources related to Dalit women in Uttar Pradesh, material / texts Social Exclusion and Chamar women related sources in Historical perspective.
research on social exclusion and social exclusion is composed of seven sub factors.
My research study explore the issues and challenges of youth with disability in health, Education and employment aspects.The locality of study would be rural villages of India?
Can anybody , suggest standardized tools to analyze the level of social exclusion in terms of accessibility,availability and social stigma?.
It is normally perceived that nature of poverty among poor is same, but evidence from literature shows marginalized community has different type of vulnerability and poverty. In developing countries, this concept is ignored while making poverty reduction strategy.
I have a data set of vulnerability indicators and a data set adaptive capcity. Adaptive capcity determinants depends on underlying indicators of vulnerability. WHich method can I use to relate the vulnerability indicators and determinants of adaptive capacity? Thanks.
1. In 1897, Durkheim published his seminal work on Suicide using two key constructs – “social integration” and “moral regulation” (emphasising religion, but also mentioned about regulation by law, social norms, etc) to explain that for a society to function (then), these two key constructs need to be in equilibrium.
2. This framework was developed during rapid changes in lifestyle (at that time) facing European society due to industrial revolution, new economic theory of division of labour, capitalism, some elements of discussion on socialism, free market, individualism, changes in governance, family structure, gender roles, Catholics vs Protestants practice, income disparity, urbanisation, (in context of that time), etc. It seems United States was more concerned on domestic matters during this period. Another feature of Europe at that time was its colonisation and empire building interest. Against this backdrop Durkheim tried to develop his framework for a functioning society – of which there can never be a stable equilibrium all the time.
3. One of the products of disequilibrium is suicide. To him suicide is a product of society disequilibrium and not just a mental illness. He argued that it is like mortality rate and homicide rate. Naturally at the individual level, there are differences how an individual react to external forces in the society and there are bound to be some groups who are more prone to depression and suicidal behaviour. However, he noted the suicide rate is stable across major European cities then (think the various local governments started to have some statistics gathered sometime in early 19th century in Europe) throughout certain time period, but each country has slightly different suicide rate. To Durkheim, if there is sudden and continuous rise in suicide rate of a country, it shows certain societal forces in work which may make the society in disequilibrium, and if persists for too long a time, may paralyse a society. Thus, as a philosopher and sociology, his focus was not on individual aspects, but on the suicide rate.
4. We may interpret his framework is more to explain a macro phenomena in the society, something like a macroeconomics framework which can never be quantified and which can never be perfect. However, as I believe at the base of human being, there are certain elements which do not change in time. Lifestyle can change, the way we eat and live, and work can change, our roles can evolve, but certain basic emotions internal to the psychology of a human being remain similar 100 years ago and today … things like joy, sadness, anger, melancholy, depression, etc. Certain so-called human’s tendency like anger, lust, greed, attachment, ego, etc., will also be there, but maybe expressed in different manner. There is also greed for power and influence in the society then and now. I supposed some of the emotions we discussed today in relation to suicide besides mental health, like, hope, meaning in life, purpose of life, faith (whether religiosity or philosophical, or faith in other perspective for those without an official religion), love, usefulness, etc., also remain similar.
5. Thus, wouldn’t his two building blocks of level of “social integration” and level of “moral regulation” (through certain mix of religion, laws, social norms, etc) which he insisted as something important to sustain a society throughout a period of time important? If we were to reject this notion, then some of his other works build on these two big pillars may be shaky?
6. Durkheim developed his framework during a period of rapid change brought about by industrial revolution. We are now three to four decades into our so-called information revolution age, driven by advent in technology, IT, internet, and changes in urbanisation, globalisation, changes in family structure, gender roles, work roles, lifestyle, materialism, politics, different forces working against the society, etc. Will these two building blocks of “social integration” (as against social isolation) and “moral regulation” still important building blocks for a society to function today?
I'm working on a project that looks at the relationship between religion and individual level tolerance for corruption within society
I was employing Normal PCA for creating a Composite Index of Social Exclusion. I used the standardized data (x-mean / SD), selected indicators with higher inter-relations in the correlation matrix and used the Rotated Components (using Varimax rotation with kaiser normalisation) to obtain the weights and construct a composite index.
However, in order to use Modified Principal Component Analysis (Kundu.A.) which takes into cosideration lesser related indicators. I have standardized the data using (x/mean) method. Now I have a problem related to the steps after this.
1. Should I take those indicators which have lower inter-relation in the correlation matrix? While doing this the percent variance explained by the first component is getting reduced. What should I give more importance - lower correlation in the correlation matrix or higher percent variance explained ?
2. To construct a Modified PCA, should I use the same steps in SPSS like creating and using Rotated Components (using Varimax rotation with kaiser normalisation) to obtain the weights and construct a composite index?
I shall be highly grateful if you could help me with the steps for constructing Modified PCA in SPSS and solve the above two doubts that I am facing regarding it.
Utopia as been called "the adventure of the West". Some scholars limit its analytical relevance to Western modern discourses. They argue that "back-dating" the concept to apply it to discourses anterior to the publication of Thomas More's work (1516) is anachronistic and expanding its scope beyond Western thought is ethnocentric. On the other hand, substantial scholarship sees utopia not as a specific "content" or mode of discourse, but rather as an "impulse" (E. Bloch) or a "desire" (F. Jameson) for social change, found in many societies and in many times. What do you think?
There are few studies regarding schadenfreude (feeling of joy on unfortunate event of others). Most of it is often associated with the dark triad personality as individual differences, envy as emotion, and defense in self-esteem as self-evaluation. In a new light of viewing schadenfreude as a moral emotion, would it be elicited from justice sensitive people following an unjust situation to promote prosocial or antisocial behavior?
A study (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236875636_Moral_Emotions_An_Analysis_Guided_by_Heiders_Naive_Action_Analysis) analyzing moral emotions described that schadenfreude is predominantly elicited when other persons' negative goal is not attained or positive goal is attained with low effort. The identified events which elicited schadenfreude seemed to be attributed as an injustice. Assuming that it is true that schadenfreude is elicited by an unjust event, schadenfreude therefore may possibly be associated with justice sensitivity of a person. According to a neurological perspective, (see at http://www.jneurosci.org/content/34/12/4161.full.pdf+html) people who care about justice or people who scored high in justice sensitivity questionnaire are swayed more by reason than emotion. Would this then imply that schadenfreude is an elicited moral emotion following a rational thought of evaluating injustice? Why is it then often associated with evil?
We are setting up a research project at the University of Innsbruck to collect experiential data on inclusion and exclusion in Austrian schools.
Is social withdrawal a psychopathological dimension you pay attention in your patient? For whom?
Psychotic, Personality Disorders, Depressive etc, are affected
I am looking for separate measures to explore feelings of;
I am investigating feelings of ostracism/social exclusion/rejection but do not want to use the Need-Threat Scale as I am looking for a more general measure of these factors. Does anyone have any suggestions?
Disaggregated data collection and analysis is recommended for policy development to address race inequality. Moreover it provides a useful tool to address Afro-phobia and other forms of xenophobia.
in globalization age, everyone want to win race for happiness life but we have been more centralized where various mental problems create like bullying,depression,cardiovascular disorder etc. so i how we measure to bullying in low income and higher income family?
Please tell me about your experience. I am developing an online environment to work with populations at risk of social exclusion and want to find indicators of inclusion of these environments. Can anyone recommend literature in this area? Thank you
Are you aware of any theoeretical papers on social marginality, which also discuss the differences between ‘social exclusion’, ‘marginalisation’, ‘periphery’ and ‘vulnerable communities’? Is it just issue of various terminology or are there some more fundamental differences behind these various terms?
International norms have failed to justify realisation, implementation and enforcement of universal human rights, in some UN member states by individuals affected by controversial issues including racial discrimination, socioeconomic marginalisation, LGBT rights and slavery reparations.
I am looking for an inequality indicator that can be derived from the distribution of a population in five discrete poverty classes derived from the Latin American NBI (Necesidades Basicas Insatisfechas) methodology. The methodology ascribes each household of a locality (urban or rural) a "NBI index" in function of income, housing, education, etc. and then ascribe it to one of five "poverty classes" , etc, which are "non-poor, poverty line, moderate poverty, indigent, marginal". I have only data on the number of households per class per locality, not the NBI index per household.
I am researching the changes in Greek civil society following the outbreak of the economic crisis. A multiplication of many informal grassroots initiatives, providing social services and goods has been recorderd. However, is an increase in civil society's density a sign of a stronger civil society?
There are some theories which indicate if the general literacy of a disenfranchised rural community will have positive impacts. What base line measures should be used?
Throughout the centuries and history of mankind, different cultures created the artifacts (in architecture, fine art, applied art, literature, poetry, language [sayings], music) illustrating the concepts of approaches to disability.
Do you know in your own or other cultures historical or current artifacts illustrating the direct or symbolic issues of following categories as social inclusion orsocial exclusion of persons with disabilities?
To bring this thread inspired me my dear colleague from RG Ans Schapendonk.
Please share your comments and optionally photos.
What are some experiences of integrating street vendors/workers in developing countries into the formal economy through legal protections to help them continue their endeavors and what suggestions can be made on ways to enhance their business capacities?
Globalization is mainly for the "winners", not "losers", so, it forms its antipode - glocalization with socially excluded having less or no income, bad education, unfavourable geographical position, disability or illnesses.
A core concept in sociology, political science, organizational behaviour and business, social capital is relatively new in the context of sport governance. In exploring the boundaries of both sport and social capital in theory and practice, one can see sport as a form of positive (bridging) social capital that promotes social cohesion, trust, social ties, etc. Could it also be perceived as a social space that promotes dark or exclusonary social capital since sport politics do not always deliver the social benefits they proclaim due to commercialization, doping, gender discrimination or institutionalized gender personification, the leaky pipeline and the glass ceiling in SGBs and in competitive sports.
Concerns pertaining to inequality and social exclusion have been equally important as environmental degradation to development experts.
This report of United Nations http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/publications/world-social-situation-2013.html discusses why serious attention should be drawn to inequality.
Does that mean the capitalism is failing? or the whole subject of sustainable development is dumb?
"If you talk to people today in the workplace they construct the workplace as gender neutral, assuming that gender no longer matters because the issue has long been solved, " (Kelan,2010).
Need to focus on innovative approaches to getting gender back on the agenda : re-evaluate our strategies on how we can move from “gender fatigue” to gender energy(Kamberidou 2010, Kamberidou & Fabry 2011)
I'm interested in connecting with others who may be examining how people organize their daily routines and habit patterns to create structure in their daily organization that help them lead meaningful and productive lives. I am particularly interested in understanding how people create effective time use patterns when they have historically been unsuccessful in doing do.
Measures and boundaries of middle-class status are controversial. Usually, in assigning a person to the category of middle-class one might employ "objective" measures such as income, wealth, education, occupation, and so on. At the same time, middle-class status has also been studied from a subjective perspective (i.e., subjective definitions or self-identification). Leaving these issues aside, I am looking for commonly used measures of middle-class status using income (and median or mean income). All suggestions and sources are welcome.
Microaggressions are covert forms of discrimination, which people with disabilities face in the form of patronization, minimization of their status, invasions of their privacy, or barriers that make them feel like second-class citizens. These forms of discrimination are usually brief encounters which can leave the person feeling devalued. Since the Americans with Disabilities Act, more overt discrimination has become less acceptable yet these covert instances still prevail.
I have encountered different scales measuring racial or LGBT microaggressions, but am interested in microaggressions that are directed toward disability. Does anyone know of any existing scales for this?
I have recently conducted a review of the relationship between the informal economy and poverty so as to understand whether the informal economy helps those who are poor to escape their poverty and how to address the informal economy in anti-poverty strategies [See attached]. This review focused upon the situation in the United Kingdom. What surprised me was that little evidence was available on the relationship between the informal economy and poverty.
Does anybody know of any studies on the relationship between poverty and the informal economy? What do you think is the relationship in other countries? Is work in the informal economy largely undertaken by the poor? Does it help them escape their poverty? What should be done about the poor who work in the informal economy?
I'm looking for ideas of a good measure for changes in participant affect (i.e. positive/negative) in response to a task that will induce a feeling of social rejection or ostracism. I want to use something to record the changes during the task itself (so not just self-report at the beginning and end), but I'm not in a position to use neuroimaging methods (fMRI or EEG). I have seen a study that uses a 'dial' measure that had some success, and if anyone has any more information on where I could find one or how to set it up that would be much appreciated. But any other ideas would also be very welcome.
In a society which has many groups on the basis of social identities, the deprivation level varies from group to group and within group. While making a composite index of deprivation how these two types of variations can be captured within a single index.
There is no survey available which targets socially excluded people in Pakistan, however the calculation of marginality index is possible and we can extract marginalized populations from a whole sample. But few indicators which help to calculate a marginality index have also been used in analyzing poverty. Does it make sense that we analyze the extent of multidimensional poverty among this extract's marginalized population?
In making an index of social exclusion various mathematical models have come out. One such effort is to use the concentration index in measurement of social exclusion
My work and my research is with students disengaged from education. Drawing on Paul Willis I have theorized these students to be educationally resistant and am attempting to examine the factors influencing this through the use of Bourdieu's concepts of field, habitus and capital.
Recently however, some of the students referred to my setting have come labels such as ODD, ADD, PTSD, and a few others.
Therefore my question is, does anyone know of or can point me towards information regarding the applicability of social theories on students with such disorders?
3+ major earthquakes and thousands of aftershocks in the last 3 years, schools being amalgamated due to reducing numbers, businesses folding, empty suburbs and a knowledge that mental health issues start surfacing after year 3 of an upheaval. Anecdotal evidence from Cantabrians shows that we are more socially aware, more giving and are more accepting of the ever changing environment.
Is there any research from overseas that shows this is the case amongst human beings after social upheavals?
According to Bourdieu, a field is an analytic construct, not a description of society. Furthermore he suggests fields are configured relationships. Is it possible therefore for those individuals on the outskirts of society, alienated from mainstream institutions such as school, to be seen as NOT operating within the field despite the occasion interaction with other actors in the field.
For example, a student who has a high truancy rate, attends school very irregularly, when they do attend, the interactions between teachers and said student are characterized by constant anti-social behaviour until such time as they leave (willingly or sent away).
My understanding is that Bourdieu's conceptualization of field would allow a single class, or 'the structured relationships between teacher and a group of students' to be defined as a field; but what of the student from the above example? Would that relationship be too tenuous to be have a position within that field?
In the majority of literature I have read, social capital is defined either as a public good or something important for individuals to possess. Furthermore, attempts to increase social capital among those without it is seen as a good thing. Surely though, members of subcultures, ie gang members, possess social capital (in their field) and yet the application of this does not seem for the public good, nor would increasing that type of social capital be useful to the greater society as it would create greater solidarity among group members to the determent of other perspectives.