Science topics: MedicineEpiSocial Epidemiology
Social Epidemiology - Science topic
Social Epidemiology Q&A
Questions related to Social Epidemiology
This might be a dumb question, but I'm writing a systematic review for my master's in social epidemiology. Am I allowed to use papers with different study designs (e.g. cross-sectional, cohort)?
I need to code parameters like responsibility or status (gain/loss) for my thesis. However, it is extremely difficult for me to come up with an approach to code status.
Although it is interesting to run complex interactions such as categorical by categorical by categorical interactions. Little information is available on how to interpret them. Can anyone recommend a good book or other useful resources?
I have been looking for a questionnaire that will capture African-American parents' sense of safety in the world given recent social and political events (e.g., Black Lives Matter movement, shootings related to police brutality). Recent searches have yielded results related to sense of safety in one's neighborhood, safety climate at work (particularly in healthcare settings), etc. but nothing that really seems to address my question. I understand I will not likely find a questionnaire that directly relates to current events, but a questionnaire that addresses the construct generally would be useful. Any help would be most appreciated.
Hi, I'm performing a multilevel logistic analysis using xtlogit in Stata. I would like to calculate the MOR and its CI. I know that I can use this formula for the MOR: exp(sqrt(2*Va)*0,6745). (A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: using measures of clustering in multilevel logistic regression to investigate contextual phenomena. Merlo et al). But how can I obtain the 95% credible interval (CrI) for the MOR? Can anyone help me?
Health conditions of a person can be affected due to the,
1. Geographical backgrounds: Living environment, Geological composition, Elevations, Climate conditions..etc.
2. Attitudes (Behaviour): Food consumption patterns, Types/combination of food, Cooking culture, cleanliness, discipline…etc.
4. Others : Modern technologies, poverty…etc
Please update me with any available information, based on your experiences / research findings, which are specific to the schooling children.
Seeking the Lubbens Social Network Scale, Katz Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale, The DeJong Loneliness Scale, the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, and the General Health Questionnaire-12. Any suggestions on how to obtain these scales in Chinese would be greatly appreciated.
Given the relatively rapid progression in areas of Brazil (8 states until yesterday) in approximately one month, how faster or when would be expect to have cases of Zika in other countries of the region? Would be similar to chikungunya?, when ending 2013 cases were reported in some Caribbean islands and some months later we received in other countries in the region. I felt we, as region, were not prepared for CHIK. Not even yet, physicians and research groups are doing properly in the most efficient way, even those working in dengue, and now we will face Zika.
I am researching the social determinants of health of women working in garment factories in Cambodia.
Do you know of any research of Tong Tin in Cambodia? Or about the impact of garment work on commuters villages in Cambodia?
As part of my research I have some association data between exposure to a risk factor and a range of health outcomes from published studies. The association is reported in terms of odds ratios. I want to convert this (OR) to risk ratio (RR), but I don't have enough prevalence data (i.e., the proportion of the health outcome among the unexposed/reference group). Any suggestionsons on whether there is alternative way to get RR other than through what I already know (i.e., converting to RR using the OR and prevalence data)?
I am currently working on a study of the role of 'performatives' in generating social data, for epidemiological analysis. I should be keen to know of any other scholars out there with a similar interest, for correspondence and perhaps collaboration.
(For those unfamilar with the term, in language analysis,'Perfomatives' are a particular kind of 'speech act' which, when used in the right conditions, confer a change of formal status on those they are addressed to. A useful indicator of a performative is a sentence that starts - or could start - "I hearby ....". Performatives are therefore central to the social production of social statistics such as diagnoses or eligibility threshholds.)
I work with effects of contexts like the place of residence, and use different softwares that fit multilevel models (R, Stata, MLWin, Mplus). Almost any software does this analysis, nowadays (SAS, SPSS, HLM) and all provide similar estimates for coefficients, especially for linear models. I noticed, however, some difference in the variances (i.e. second level variance) and I am aware they use different estimators (IGLS, REML, MLR, and so on). What are the advantages and disadvantages of the main softwares? Is there any published paper comparing them for discrete variables and non linear models (Binomial, Poisson, N-Binomial, zero-inflated, etc)?
While I think I understand the meaning of micro-social environment and marco-social environment, I am trying to work out concise and meaningful definitions of the two concepts.
Health Care systems based on compulsory social insurance alone tend to regulate access to care through control and rationing of human and material resources. As a consequence, motivation for developping and improving therapeutic concepts and procedures is often low. Economic growth and major disposability of financial resources for individual citizens enlarge the field of choice for treatment. Insurance companies and the medical profession are tempted to offer a broad spectrum of treatment options that tends to increase demand and might undermine the quality of indication, thereby causing an increase in complications and in cost for secondary repair which results in spoiling of resources. Measuring and managing quality under these conditions becomes a major concern, especially in mixed economies with both social and private health insurances schemes.
We are developing an instrument and have started with focal groups and a systematic review. I found only scales on racial discrimination.
I have tried to understand on which epistemiological groundings does social science construct its conceptualization of causality . From my transversal research approach, I have not had much success. To my point of view, sociology seems to study associations but never causality. This is awkward when using social concepts and defining them as causes of disease .
I would think there is an urgent need for a more common and universal definition of social causality such as the one proposed by Hill in epidemiology . Does anyone have some suggestions?
1. Ellett FS, Ericson DP: The logic of causal methods in social science. Synthese 1983, 57(1):67-82
2. Kistler M: Mechanisms and downward causation. Philosophical Psychology 2009, 22(5):595-609.
3. Hill AB: The Environment and Disease: Association or Causation? Proc R Soc Med 1965, 58:295-300.
How can we conduct research to put biological and social data together?
What are the interactions?
How does social environment changes our biology?