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Social Entrepreneurship - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Social Entrepreneurship, and find Social Entrepreneurship experts.
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Part of our Research Intensive University Plan is to develop research with Inter-University from all over the world. Therefore, I am asking if there is an ongoing paper you want me to collaborate with; or if we could start a new research topic. Hoping for honest and interesting answers.
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Why not, in what field?
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I was thinking of something along the lines of strategy formulation.
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Rudo Johns how about something within Entrepreneurology, (the study of the entrepreneur and entrepreneurial behavior) e.g., what are the drivers and motivational factors behind social entrepreneurs, compared to classic entrepreneurs. Here is some material behind the 6th classic archetypes. (www.entrepreneurprofiletest.com)
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I am currently researching on social entrepeneurship and innovation in sub saharan Africa. However, I am looking for people who would like to co- join in writing papers on Social entrepreneurship, Innovation, indigenous entrepreneurship, youth employment and Agripreneurship in Africa.
Please contact me if you are interested.
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I am interested
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What do we mean by value? How is value created? What are the different conceptual models that relate to value creation especially in the context of entrepreneurship/ social entrepreneurship?
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Can the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship be an important factor in defending the domestic economy against the forecasted, progressive slowdown in economic growth in the global economy in 2019?
Does the activation of economic processes through the development of pro-development innovation policy programs, activation of innovation and entrepreneurship can be an important factor in defending the national economy against a progressive slowdown in economic growth in the global economy and against the risk of a recession in the domestic economy that could occur through cross-border trade and international capital flows?
The importance of this question is important especially for countries with an open economy with a large share of cross-border trade and the growing share of globalization processes. In addition, this question is valid in the context of the projected slowdown in economic growth in many countries in 2019.
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Can the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship be an important factor in defending the domestic economy against the forecasted, progressive slowdown in economic growth in the global economy in 2019?
Please reply
Best wishes
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With the appearance of a new variant of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus called Omicron at the end of November 2021, a key question has arisen: Can a new, mutant coronavirus be completely resistant to the vaccines used so far? Research is ongoing. The answer to this question will soon be known. When considering various scenarios for the future development of the situation, a negative scenario cannot be ruled out. And what if the new variant of the coronavirus can be completely resistant to the vaccines used so far. Can lockdowns be introduced on companies and enterprises operating in specific industries and sectors of the economy as part of the application of systemic anti-pandemic security instruments? And if so, to what extent will anti-crisis, interventionist anti-crisis measures be applied in order to counteract another wave of economic downturn? What instruments of entrepreneurship activation can be used? What do you think about it?
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz
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Hi, for my thesis project I am doing a mediation analysis which claims that prosocial behaviors mediates between the culture and social entrepreneurship activity. I use several cultural dimensions, puting them seperately and then running the program and checking the results. So the thing is, I try to approach PROCESS results with causal steps approach of Baron & Kenny (1986) and according to this the first thing I need to check is that X and Y (In my case Culture and Social entrepreneurship activity) must be significantly associated.
One of the models as I shared here has no significant association in c path (Culture and Social entrepreneurship) but has a significant relationship on both a and b paths while c' is non significant. So according to Baron and Kenny approach I should stop when c is not significant and say there is no mediation however it seems this variable i test as a mediator has a significant effect on my dependent variable. How should I mention this in my report?
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@Tugkan Bas As per Hayes (2009), it is not necessary to have significant association between X and Y in a mediation model for looking mediation (indirect) effect. There might still be a significant mediating effect of M on the association between X and Y which would called Full Mediation. Kindly refer to page 431 of the attachment for reference. As far as your case is concerned, it seems to be a case of full mediation as total effect becomes significant after the mediation of M on the relationship between X and Y.
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Academic incubators of innovation and entrepreneurship are developed at universities to support innovation and entrepreneurship of students. Incubators are also a supplement to the educational program in the field of activating the innovation and entrepreneurship of students. Incubators sometimes also perform functions or cooperate with a career office for students. Career offices collect employment offers and organize internships for students through cooperation with companies and institutions that employ or give practice to students.
Sometimes academic incubators of innovation and entrepreneurship also cooperate with various institutions and companies in which students find employment or take apprenticeships. In addition, academic incubators of innovation and entrepreneurship, cooperating with various institutions and companies, enable the establishment of clusters of innovation, in which various economic entities, public institutions, scientific institutes and universities cooperate with each other. In this way, the possibilities of entrepreneurship development and generation of innovative solutions in assumed and developed research projects and startups are increasing.
Sometimes, also with the innovation cluster or business incubator, financial institutions cooperate, primarily banks offering financial support in the form of preferential loans for developing innovative startups. However, at the early stage of the establishment of business activity by students and organizations, the most important role is provided by substantive support in the field of advising on the formal and legal issues and accounting service of the university, lecturers and employees of the academic entrepreneurship incubator.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What is the role of academic business incubators?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Roberto - Minadeo,
Yes. I, too, believe, like you, that academic business incubators are an important source of social and business innovation and entrepreneurship.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Activation of entrepreneurship and innovation is essential for effective socio-economic development of the national economy.
Failure in entrepreneurship in the context of entire markets, sectors, the whole society, the entire economy is a negative effect of taking risks in the situation of starting a business and running a business.
This is the price of few, spectacular business successes. Therefore, it should not be reduced due to the existence of investment risk. Investment risk should be examined, analyzed, measured and hedged, for example, in the form of maintaining established, estimated financial provisions for the situation of potential loss of financial liquidity. An entrepreneur should take risks, accept a certain level of investment risk, measured and hedged risk.
Entrepreneurship should be supported by both public sector institutions and through private investment funds that finance the development of innovative startups. In modern knowledge-based economies, the state through central and through local government public institutions should support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation.
In view of the above, the current question is: Should the state support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Yes, its necessary and with advantages
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How can entrepreneurship and innovation be stimulated to develop in the framework of improvement of pro-development socio-economic policy?
What are the main barriers to the development of innovation and entrepreneurship in your country and what should be improved in pro-innovation economic policy?
What should be changed in economic policy to reduce barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation?
In many developed countries, the main barriers to innovation are high labor costs, high taxes and parapositive contributions under the public finance system.
Are these barriers to the development of innovation and entrepreneurship in your country similar or different?
Please reply
Best wishes
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SMEs are the engine of the economy. These companies need more attention.
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I studied a number of research papers on "Knowledge Entrepreneurship". However, most of the researchers conducted qualitative research. Kindly, suggest me any quantitative research on Knowledge Entrepreneurship. Moreover, recommend the developed scale for Knowledge Entrepreneurship.
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Dear,Nida ji
Knowledge management and entrepreneurship
David B. Audretsch, Maksim Belitski, […]Erik E. Lehmann
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal volume 16, pages373–385(2020)Cite this article
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I am planning to do research on social entrepreneurship and social innovation intent among youth, especially technical students. In this context is there any standard model that can be tested where the sampling units are UG and PG students studying in Indian universities. Also, I request someone to give a standard reference material in this regard for review of literature and research methods and methodology.
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This article might help you
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Do you have medical cooperatives in your country? What is your opinion about the possible models of cooperatives in medicine that are proposed in this article? -
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See attachment...we would benefit a great deal If such cooperatives can be initiated in Africa
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Serge Moscovici and his theory of Social representation is a stream of research that interests me a lot. The question of future directions of research is also something I contemplated on. How do you see research in this field evolving?
I did my contribution a month ago with the connection of social representation to international business, entrepreneurship, attitudes , education and decision making logic.
So once again :-) What is the future for social representations?
Best wishes Henrik
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Dear scholars,
The UN estimated that the economic fallout could push an estimated half a billion people into poverty and take global development progress back three decades, primarily in emerging economies. Under this bad situation, do you think social entrepreneurs are able to help to recovery from the COVID-19 crisis? What they can do during this period?.
Please share your opinion with many thanks in advance.
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Yes, of course ...
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If entrepreneurship is a mindset then social entrepreneurship is also just a mindset or anything more? To answer this question I felt one more dimension to this problem is the personality trait, then further I introspected then felt no more than personality a social entrepreneur should be a person with skills, but cannot be just being emotional.
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Dear Sudha Mavuri , social entrepreneurs have the same personality traits of commercial entrepreneurs, plus they are distinguished by some social traits such as moral obligation, empathy, compassion, sympathy, and so on. This means that social entrepreneurs use the same strategies and methods that used by commercial entrepreneurs beside the prosocial orientation as a primary trait.
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Dear all,
Social entrepreneurship could be one of the career options for fresh graduate students. However, the primary goal of social entrepreneurship is to create a social value for society, meaning that generating exorbitant money (for the owners of social enterprises) is not its primary agenda. Hence, social entrepreneurship may not be a favorable career option for all students. So, how can minimizing students goal from profit orientation to slowly social orientation?
Thanks in advance.
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Dear Abdo Hasan Al-Harasi, An amazing question that is not easy to answer. In my opinion, during the studies, during the educational process, students should be explained the essence and positive aspects of social entrepreneurship. Within the subject of Entrepreneurship, one should indicate the important role of social entrepreneurship in the context of activating economic growth in the social market economy. It is necessary to indicate the essence and significance of social economic entities, the importance of social aspects in business, corporate social responsibility, environmental social responsibility, etc. as important factors in the development of modern, contemporary developing economies. During their studies, students should learn and complete internships in social enterprises, where human capital is one of the most important production factors. Students should learn about examples of companies developing as startups within social entrepreneurship. Many examples of this type of companies function in technological industries, new Internet media, innovative technologies, research companies operating in marketing, consulting companies operating in support services for human capital development, etc. In addition, students should be indicated the support system from state institutions for business development, startups developed as part of social entrepreneurship, including the system of financial grants and startup funds offered by public institutions, agencies of the ministries of economy and entrepreneurship, and other institutions and economic entities. In addition, the university should develop cooperation with this type of business entities, startup funds, government agencies for business support, chambers of commerce in order to develop the offer of academic business incubators so that students receive support during their studies in the event of a desire to establish their own company, create a startup, a company operating, among others . as part of social entrepreneurship.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I am interested in studying the experiences and motivations for philanthropy in Kenya by HNWIs. However, I would like my research questions to be grounded from gaps in theory and empirical research in philanthropy and social entrepreneurship. Any help will be greatly appreciated.
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Research on social entrepreneurship is still in development, thus there is a considerable room to explore. For example, the specific definition and measurements of social entrepreneurship are still missing, and the determinants of opportunity recognition, motivation, and intention to be social entrepreneur can be investigated by combined theories in this area. In addition, comparative analysis between different type of organizations (hybrid organisations, and ‘non-profit organisations) is considered as a potential research direction in the future.
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Management theory was for long dominated by Causation, (just think about Kotler, in other words Planning, Implementing and follow up.) a different theory that has gained momentum in the last years ( Even if it was first launched in 2001 by Saras D Sarasvathy) is the theory of effectuation that is means driven instead of ends driven. I studied those theories quite extensively but found that when it comes to effectuation there is still no consensus, in other words the theory is not yet mature, something that is in my view a bit odd since the theory is 20 years old just about. Why do you think it has taken such a long time for this theory to mature? my second question. What is the relevance of Kotlers Marketing Management today? Still relevant or? Your thoughts?
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Both causation (Kotler) and effectuation (Sarasvathy) are very relevant, when it comes to understand marketing management. Advancing research into cognitive biases of managerial marketing process requires a better behavioral understanding of bounded rationality and intuitive reasoning.
In this sense, marketing is much more a (open loop) process than a (closed loop) system, in terms of behavioral interplay between prospective client and offered product in all the bazaars of life.
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The enterprise sector of SMEs generates the majority of output of entire economies. To a large extent, therefore, the economic situation in the entire national economy depends on the economic and financial condition of economic entities in this sector.
The aim of activating economic processes is necessary to create and develop instruments of state intervention, thanks to which it is possible to effectively stimulate entrepreneurship and innovation of economic entities of the SME sector.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: What are the instruments of state intervention in your countries to stimulate entrepreneurship and innovation in enterprises in the SME sector?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of the importance of innovativeness and entrepreneurship in economic development are described in the publication:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Hello, Sir
In my country, the state provides only loans.
Thank you
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Want to research on social entrepreneurship, any suggestions on a topic will be appreciated.
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Kindly identify the research gap of your topic on Social Entrepreneurship....
kindly read the research article bout topic on Social Entrepreneurship with the help of our RG....
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We need either a framework for analyzing KPI of innovations or a framework for analyzing best practices in the field of social entrepreneurship (but it can be any other related area).
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Hi All,
My PhD research is on the role of social entrepreneurship in helping to sustain the cultural heritage. Apparently, I am stuck - social entrepreneurship and cultural heritage are two big topics.
Sometimes I find myself shifted towards social entrepreneurship and sometimes towards sustaining the cultural heritage. It is like, the more I read, the more confused I am.
My Chapter 1 focus more on the importance of cultural heritage and I barely discuss about social entrepreneurship (I know I should). There are limited reading materials on how social entrepreneurship could contribute positively in the effort of sustaining the cultural heritage. Chapter 2 was supposed to focus on social entrepreneurship, but whatever I wrote, I will find that nothing is making sense.
The longer I got stuck, the more demotivated I become :(
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Joey,
You seem to be missing a key point necessary for all research. Put simply you have not asked a question!!!
Many relevant and potentially interesting questions spring to mind. However YOUR question should reflect your interests and abilities.
You could simply ask- Do social enterprises support cultural heritage, and if so how?
There are many possible variants around this basic RQ and could reflect what specifically interests you (and probably your supervisor(s)). Some of the other answers to your problem suggest useful specific areas such as handicrafts; but the chiose is wide from cultures to artefacts; from dance to new knowledge industries. Decide what you find intriguing and take it from there.
A good PhD needs to make a decent theory contribution, but there is an enormous scope here. For example, I have always found value generation useful. It seems likely to work in your question too. What values are generated, for whom and how?
Alistair
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What kind of innovative start-ups are financed through crowdfunding?
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Crowdfunding is one of the newer ways of funding a startup(s). So, some entrepreneurs put up a detailed description of their businesses on a crowdfunding platform. They mention the goals of their businesses, plans for making profits, how much funding they need and for what reasons and then consumers can read about the business(es) and give money if they like the ideas. Anyone can contribute money toward helping a business that they really believe in. Actually, we can say that there are some business ideas that are perfect for crowdfunding: Original tech gadgets; Independent books; Home cooking tools; Local Service businesses; Unique home inventions and etc.
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What would you see, regard, and define as the most lucrative, promising and rewarding entrepreneurship opportunities?
Would it be a) science-based, b) (emerging) technology based, c) radical innovation or mega-projects based, d) existing markets (restructuring and improving efficiency) based, or e) social entrepreneurship based?
Of these options, which would you deem as most promising and which would you deem as least promising?
Which types of kinds of entrepreneurs are therefore best positioned?
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Dr Barnard,
Without appearing to be pedantic I have to say that what appears to be promising can be both rewarding and can also be far from rewarding. What appears to be lucrative can be negatively influenced by factors not under the control of the entrepreneur and could eventually be unprofitable.
Science-based opportunities can appear promising but may not, or what appears to be non-promising can with the passage of time become very promising in the face of factors not envisaged by the entrepreneur. Emerging technology can be lucrative to the first few entrepreneurs or it may not be. Legions of examples show that. Radical innovation can be promising, again depending upon the environment or it may not. I used to work on AI/ML( artificial intelligence/machine learning) more than 20 years ago. THe ML part could learn things by itself.They were very radical and thought to be a fantasy then. I had also earlier toyed with robotic vacuum-cleaners and robotic chefs and electronic home ( now known today as “smart home”). Today, all of them have become or are becoming commonplace. In my view, time and circumstances are important determinants of entrepreneurial /business success/failure, etc . That said, the discussion can evoke all kinds of views. I look forward to them
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The entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship are some concepts which are worked through last years, so do you have any idea on those fields especially within women labor?
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Hello dear I am very happy to read the questions and find the answers
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I want to examine the working status of cooperatives in Assam in organised and un organised sector and evaluate their performance as social entrepreneurship. And to see the potential CSR fund to avail for the cooperatives in rural areas. Can any body suggest me precise questionnaire and set of obsectives to be included?
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@ G S Spais
Valuable suggestions
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Currently, higher education plays an important role in developing entrepreneurship among students. However, there are various didactic methods, thanks to which the entrepreneurship among students is stimulated and improved. What didactic methods are used to stimulate and develop entrepreneurship among students is conditioned by many factors related to the type, organization and functioning of a specific university, prevailing in the country standards of the teaching and higher education system, developed and implemented educational programs and financial resources, as well as a system of financial support for the development of innovative start-ups and other business ventures set up by students, the specificity of functioning and development of university incubators and accelerators of entrepreneurship and innovation.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What solutions are used in your country in your country?
How can teaching entrepreneurship and innovation be developed at universities?
How can incubators of entrepreneurship and innovation be developed at universities?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Entrepreneurship is one of the key competences, and its' basic definition is ''turns ideas into action''. Each learning outcome/teaching goal that enables students to ''turn ideas into action'' is a part of ent. learning.
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Presently, I’m doing a research on social entrepreneurship. The main goal of my study is to analyse social entrepreneurship in socio-economic development. My SE research involved three levels of analysis (i.e., individual, organizational, institutional) using qualitative method. Kindly, please suggest me list of relevance item question for interview session.
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Hi Raudah,
I think the interview questions should be extended from your research objective. However, I just published an article on the organisational performance of social enterprises in Malaysia and Singapore. Perhaps you could get some idea from the following paper:
Cheah J, Amran A, Yahya S. 2019. Internal oriented resources and social enterprises’ performance: how can social enterprises help themselves before helping others? Journal of Cleaner Production, 211, 607-619. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.203
If you need the full text/questionnaire, you may just acknowledge me.
Best of luck and regards,
Jeffrey Cheah
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Once you have the idea for an innovative startup, what are the barriers to setting up and developing innovative startups? Are these limited by the source of external financing? Is there no institutional support from the state? Is this related to the significance scale of the issue of activating entrepreneurship and innovation as an important part of pro-development economic policy?
Most startups after 1 - 2 years of functioning cease to function or announce financial bankruptcy and fall out of the market on which they operate. What are the main determinants that lead to this? Are they just wrong strategic decisions of the management of these business entities or other factors?
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What are the barriers to setting up and developing innovative startups?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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I conducted a qualitative study on entrepreneurship and sustainable growth. I'm looking for a tool to do a follow up quantitative study that measures the relationship between the entrepreneur's characteristics and growth. I'm looking for a validated tool that I could use (preferably free) in this study.
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Honestly speaking, if you want to get a validated questionnaire, you must have a good control over past literatures. You may also follow some guidlines to make your questionnaire more valid
1. Do pretest
2. Do pilot test (It is totally different from pretest)
3. You may run EFA to check the poor factor loading (less than .6) and delete those items.
4. Again prepare the questionnaire with those items which confirm good loaded factors.
5. Distribute the questionnaire to get your expected data.
6. Now, run individual CFA and check your data.
Hopefully, you will get better result!!!!
Thanks.
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Does anyone know of a dataset with rates of social entrepreneurship by country that differentiates between domestic and international ventures? For example, a social ventures that sells products in Canada to provide funds for charitable giving in Vietnam would be an international social venture.
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EMES icsem and mix-market are two resources with some global level data
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Activation of innovativeness and entrepreneurship of economic processes, especially in the field of stimulating the business activity of enterprises from the SME sector is the key issue of potential improvement of the economic growth rate of the country, increase in employment, production, investments, income, etc.
Activation of innovation and entrepreneurship of economic processes is also one of the key determinants of pro-development, counter-cyclical, interventionist economic policy.
In connection with the above, I am asking you the following question:
In your opinion, what are the most effective instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship in economic processes?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Activating innovation requires that an environment that encourages recreative thinking, sustainability of the business idea. There is need to build a network of groups for synergy building and information sharing. There is also a need to mentor the entrepreneurial disposition of the individual so that he can muster motivation
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I'm starting a project in this area covering poverty reduction, and I'm willing to know what is the current pertinent discussion.
many thanks in advance.
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In 2007, Geoff Mulgan et al. identified entry points for action in a report titled Social Innovation: What It Is, Why It Matters and How It Can Be Accelerated; the catalog of requirements for success featured leadership and structures suited for innovation; finance focused on innovation; policy frameworks that encourage innovation; dedicated social innovation accelerators; national and cross-national innovation pools; and research to enhance learning.
Additional items, "hot topics" as this query terms them, relate to participatory techniques and specific training; citizen involvement and buy-in; systems of cooperation between business actors, local public entities, and civil society and nongovernmental organizations; the recording of good practice from model cases; and new forms of evaluation that give greater attention to social impacts.
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What instruments of activating innovation and entrepreneurship are used in your country and what is the effectiveness of using these instruments?
Are innovation and entrepreneurship significantly increasing in your country as a result of the application of specific instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship?
Effectively developed innovation and entrepreneurship should translate into improved growth and economic development.
Therefore, in many developed countries, the state develops programs to support entrepreneurship and innovation.
However, various instruments are used to activate innovation and entrepreneurship in individual countries.
In addition, taking into account the diversified level of economic development and the unequal conditions for the development of enterprises, the effectiveness of applying specific instruments for the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship in individual countries may also be uneven.
Has any of you conducted research in this area?
I am asking for links to scientific publications in which the results of research on the above issues have been presented.
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
What instruments of activating innovation and entrepreneurship are used in your country and what is the effectiveness of using these instruments?
Are innovation and entrepreneurship significantly increasing in your country as a result of the application of specific instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Worried about the unemployed youth, Govt. of India is trying to push the youth towards entrepreneurship as jobs created are few and far between. I am a strong advocate of and believe in "Entrepreneurship without innovation has no root and innovation without entrepreneurship has no fruit" (Quote from my book Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation).
A wide spectrum of new programmes and opportunities to nurture innovation have been created by the Government of India across a number of sectors; Atal Incubation Center being one of the great initiative for Innovation and Entrepreneurship..
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Barriers to the development of entrepreneurship and innovation can be many. In particular countries this issue looks different. For example, in some developing countries the main barrier is the lack of start-up financing programs from loan funds and public sector subsidies. while in some developed countries the main barriers include high labor costs, high taxes, high competition, etc. In order for the country to develop, in order to record high economic growth of a given economy, these barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation should be reduced, reduced and removed. In each country, certain small or large barriers to the development of entrepreneurship and innovation can be identified. if they are small or large it can also be a relative issue. In order to accurately diagnose them, it is necessary to carry out multi-criteria comparative analyzes in which, on the basis of precisely selected and developed measures, objective comparative studies of determinants of development and barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation of particular countries were carried out. Based on the results of these studies, it would be clear that barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation should first be reduced and removed. The issue of reducing these barriers is particularly important in today's emerging knowledge-based economies, in which the fourth technological revolution has already been diagnosed and identified as Industry 4.0. I do not think that at present there is no country where the high level of significance of this problem would not be recognized.
In view of the above, the current question is: Barriers to the development of entrepreneurship and innovation in current knowledge-based economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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One of the important factors activating entrepreneurship and innovation is the inclusion of these issues in the curriculum at schools and universities. In this way, one of the developmental barriers can be reduced.
Education is one of the most important determinants of ensuring the country's economic development. It is also one of the forms of public goods, one of the social security categories for which the state is responsible for ensuring and financing at a given basic level. In addition, education in a modern, knowledge-based society, ie in contemporary developed economies, is becoming more and more important. In such economies, education shapes one of the most important factors of production, ie knowledge, information, technology, innovations and entrepreneurship.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Kelly Mix has shown that young children in urban US acquire elements of base-10 thinking as early as 3 years old. But would young children in African villages, where subsistence farming forms the basis of the economy, experience this effect? My own research suggests 'no' - but Mix's research suggests that there may be ways to prime such skills, especially through smartphones. 
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Are there research and development programs in your countries for cooperation between territorial self-governments and enterprises to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
In recent years, cooperation programs of territorial self-governments with enterprises have been developed in some countries to activate entrepreneurship and innovativeness of business entities.
Because in developed countries information, innovations, new technologies and entrepreneurship are considered as one of the most important factors of the country's economic development and, as a consequence, also economic growth measured, for example, by the Gross Domestic Product in subsequent years.
In addition, research and research and implementation works are conducted in these themes, which further underline the high level of significance of innovation, new technologies and entrepreneurship in contemporary national economies.
In connection with the above, I would like to ask you the following question: Are there research and development programs in your countries for cooperation between territorial self-governments and enterprises to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Yes in Brazil, I've coordinated several programs to stimulate entrepreneurship and innovation. In the last 17 years we have carried out several programs to strengthen innovative entrepreneurship, especially in the areas of IT, health, agribusiness. Currently, the region where I worked, Southern Brazil, is recognized as one of the main centers of technology and innovation of the country having an integrated system of innovation, which brings together companies, universities, support entities, financial agents and government.
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Hi all,
I'm thinking of using cognitive maps in my research on community-based social enterprises in rural areas. My research focuses on the way in which activities undertaken by community-based social enterprises are influenced by the (rural) context in which the organisations operate (and vice-versa).
I'm planning on conducting interviews with the different leading social entrepreneurial actors within different community-based social enterprises. I'm currently thinking about using cognitive maps during those interviews, to help get a better understanding of the way in which the social entrepreneurial actors perceive their environment. By this, I mean asking participants to draw the organisation and its environment on a piece of paper, as to make their conception explicit.
I'm looking for tips on how to use cognitive maps / drawings during an interview. Therefore, I wonder if you can help me with the following questions:
- Do you know any research that is illustrative of the usage of cognitive maps / drawings during interviews?
- Do you have experience using cognitive maps / drawings in qualitative research? If yes, what are tips and tricks that you can share?
Thanks for your help!
Kind regards, Mara
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I have used cognitive maps in qualitative interviews and one thing I suggest thinking about is whether you want to supply the participants with the terms you want them to map, or whether you want them each to used their own approach to the mapping. This is important for the analysis, because if they all use their own unique set of concepts, it will be more difficult to compare the maps. Of course, you can overcome this to some extent by the way to phrase the question and your description of the kind of map that you want them to draw, but the more explicit you become, the closer you get to pre-specifying the terms for the maps.
Some other recommendations would be: use large pieces of paper so they can include as many items as possible; use gridded paper to make it easier to put the items in relationship to each other; and have extra sheets of paper available in case they want to start over.
Overall, my strategy was to have them make the map and then describe it to me in as much detail as possible. In essence, the map serves as stimulus material for the story or stories they tell about it.
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Hi all,
Who do you think is doing the most important social entrepreneurship leadership research? What theories & journals do you think are most relevant and creating the most insight. We are doing some work in the area, which we can share with you, and would like to hear your thoughts and also hear who you thinking we should be reading to deepen our understanding. Thanks.
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Hi Heather, while ostensibly I agree with you, social enterprise is both a verb and a noun and we can’t take the intentions of the actors for granted. The terminology being used at the time will, of course, depend upon such random factors as which actors are encouraging and promoting at any given time, which term happens to be popular with policymakers and funders, and which term the actors decide they wish to use for whatever reason. Defourny and Nyssens cover this pretty well. There has not only been a divergence, but a convergence too in both usage and understanding. It’s not up to us as social scientists to impose our understandings about implementation and practice onto a given context just because of the terminology being used at a given time, context, place, or whatever.
Reflecting the contested nature of the field, and the terminological ambiguity and complexity of the terms in question, many aspects of the ‘social entrepreneurship’ school of thought (the heroic social entrepreneur figure, for example) are covered in the paper. Cheers.
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Hello, I am Karen, I am starting my Phd in Business and Management sciences, and I am interested in do research about social entrepreneurship, I started with entrepreneurial ecosystems, but I would like to know If could be a good idea to put the both topics together, if not, I would be more aligned to the Social Entrepreneurship, if someone can help me to find gaps in this area, I would be so grateful, and I want to apply it for Mexico, but I am struggling about to which path follow, so if someone better informed about this topic can help me I would appreciate it.
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I think it's an oxymoron - the concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems (with profit motivation as the central idea that ignites processes) and social entrepreneurship where the extent of motivation for profiteering for the purpose of growth in the social endeavour becomes self contradictory altogether.
Ideally, you should start off with South American social services sector, do some study of existing institutions that have engaged in these ideas. You might wish to expand your search to include multiple countries and then narrow them down to Mexico.
This is what I advise you do:
1. Define the area of social entrepreneurship you wish to pursue, is it micro financing (hot topic of research), infrastructure growth, education and/or a host of other areas. South America is known to have so many co-operatives that keep popping up due to that region's socialist tendencies. Use these ideas.
2. Once you have a area of focus, you should select most popular case studies in these areas, not just out of Mexico, but other countries too. Consider exploring countries like Bangladesh or India or Africa or Indonesia too - you can study these countries for the kind of schemes they have that sustain NGO-driven entrepreneurial ecosystems and then once you find a type you think you can best discuss in your thesis, find the equivalent (or a lack of an equivalent, you can use your thesis to justify) service.
3. Identify your tools and conduct surveys etc. I always think getting data is so very important.
4. Once your data is in, consider explaining your findings/hypotheses accordingly.
PhD is a good way to explore areas, so don't feel daunted, as long as you have an idea about what you want to write about, you should more or less be able to do so - just don't give in to intimidation, discuss with your colleagues and supervisor. Refer to the university's existing libraries for archived theses with similar ideas.
What helps me most is reading published work and theses written by others, it gives you some idea over the theme and direction to take. But choose something you have a solid exposure of and feel passionately about! It's better to write about something you feel strongly about than something you have no interest or knowledge of!
Good luck, hope this helps!
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Dear colleagues,
could you please recommend me any research about early-stage development of social enterprise?
Sincerely,
Audrone Urmanaviciene
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Hi Audrone. Trish Corner and Marcus Ho wrote a good paper in Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice in 2010, How Opportunities Develop in Social Entrepreneurship, which identifies that different social enterprise start-up trajectories (eg those established by existing nonprofits, established by communities, established by individual social entrepreneurs) differently influence opportunity recognition. The paper has been widely cited so it would be worth looking at the citations to identify other relevant papers on social enterprise start-up.
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Dear colleagues,
Do You have any suggestions what tools/ methods can be used to measure social impact and/or social performance of social firms?
Sincerely,
Audrone Urmanaviciene
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You might find the GLOBAL VALUE tool navigator helpful. We collected, screened and categorized over 100 different tools for measuring sustainability performance of companies (it's free): https://www.global-value.eu/navigator.php
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Hi, I will do a qualitative research on the impact of social entrepreneurship on the empowerment of people with disabilities. I will conduct both semi structured interviews (first) and focus groups. There will be 18 interview participants (people with disabilities). However, I am not sure If I should invite different people to the focus groups?
Thank you.
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One approach that is sometimes used for this kind of research is what is known as "member checking" (Lincoln & Guba, 1985). In that case, you reach tentative conclusions from your earlier interviews, and then invite people back to give your their responses to your interpretations. This is designed to increase the credibility or trustworthiness of your results.
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In my quest for finding a scale for measuring social innovation, I have come across a social innovation attitude scale which was developed for students and RESINDEX i.e. regional social innovation index. Still I am looking for Social innovation scale. If anyone can help, I will be obliged.
Many thanks
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I need inputs on business plan including how to make the village financially viable to support itself and enable people to stay in the same village using some economic activities. 
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How do you see the role of compassion in social entrepreneurship? Does it have a role in entrepreneurship? Are you familiar with work on compassion?
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Check these out:
Miller, T. L., Grimes, M. G., McMullen, J. S., & Vogus, T. J. 2012. Venturing for Others with Heart and Head: How Compassion Encourages Social Entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Review, 37(4): 616–640.
Grimes, M. G., McMullen, J. S., Vogus, T. J., & Miller, T. L. 2013. Studying the Origins of Social Entrepreneurship: Compassion and the Role of Embedded Agency. Academy of Management Review, 38(3): 460–463.
Dutton, J. E., Workman, K. M., & Hardin, A. E. 2014. Compassion at Work. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 1(1): 277–304.
Shepherd, D. A. 2015. Party On! A call for entrepreneurship research that is more interactive, activity based, cognitively hot, compassionate, and prosocial. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(4): 489–507.
Atkins, P. W. B., & Parker, S. K. 2012. Understanding Individual Compassion in Organizations: The Role of Appraisals and Psychological Flexibility. Academy of Management Review, 37(4): 524–546.
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I am planning to start my research on social entrepreneurship marketing . As a potential tool, I am interested on social media. So far I am struggling to get journals, articles and thesis paper related to social media marketing of social enterprises.
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I do believe there are ever increasing pile of materials when it comes to this topics. Will try to get back to you if I stumble upon something these days.
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Anyone wants to cite their 'social entrepreneurship' paper in a detailed review paper currently in progress? Please share your paper/link. Social entrepreneurship papers specifically on emerging economies are requested.
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Hello Professor Bhowmick,
I would request you to kindly elaborate the question.
Thanks and Regards,
Subhanjan
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I am planning to start my research on social entrepreneurship marketing. As a potential tool, i am interested in social media. So far I am struggling to get journals, articles and thesis paper related to social media marketing of social enterprises.
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Social media marketing can be number 1 tool for you as starter. Because, no investment for marketing. Later boost by few investment for payment to social media. Make your company website with seo. Branding is needed.
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In the Romanian rural area there is a high share of inactive people (four out of ten people in working age are inactive persons). People with low education and training levels, domestic women, long-term unemployed, elderly workers, people with disabilities, etc., have a high share among inactive people.What are good practices to support Social Entrepreneurship in Romanian Rural Areas?
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Stimulating local entrepreneurship talent is one of the best ways. A good approach may be to understand the history of these places, namely if there are natural resources or personality traits that allow these people to create their own business in an area that is familiar to them.
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Could EO affect entrepreneurial intention in university students? 
I am conducting a research that connects Entrepreneurial Orientation and Entrepreneurial Intention. Please, some literature linking both constructs?
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I need to find out how a theory can guide or inform practice in the business world and accounting. What issues are involved in translating theory into practice?
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Translating a "bright" theoretical idea into a successful venture means persistent efforts to overcome hurdles. It fits people who have knowledge & mentalities for solving problems. A university degree helps but it does not guarantee success since most of what goes in academic circles is entrenched in fundamental knowledge & basic research more than applied & practical courses.
The article attached in the link is about a man who had a mix of business & academic backgrounds. We can learn from him some tips on how to make it.
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Entrepreneurship is opportunity based concept?  However, export entrepreneurship could be different from the general entrepreneurship since it is out of the context.
Upananda
Sri Lanka 
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Compared to general entrepreneurship, in export entrepreneurship, there can be many constraints and external forces which are beyond the control of the entrepreneur. Especially, influence of macroeconomic factors and the economic stability may be critical
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I am conducting my thesis and want to test the perception of Social Entrepreneurship in general population between different societal groups
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I've seen questions in likert scale. I have something in spanish from a project held in my University years ago. Is it useful for you?
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I was involved in some early planning discussions about the arts entrepreneurship research lab. Please let me know if you're interested in collaborating further.
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Hi Linda, Kiley Arroyo and I are leading this project. We have just kicked it off and are focusing on a literature review. We will be in touch soon to get your advice.
Tom Johnson
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Some research has been conducted to try and correlate attachment style with ideological affiliation, while other research has correlated 'Big Five' dimensions with political orientation. My hunch is that attachment theory may provide some degree of explanation on the findings on the relationship between Big Five & political ideology. But how do I best combine Big Five, attachment theory, and political orientation into a coherent 4-year research effort (PhD)?
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Hi, Phaidon,
It looks to me as though you are proposing to collect self-report data from respondents along three dimensions in a cross-sectional survey. For a study like this, the biggest challenge is developing an adequate theoretical framework for the meaningfulness of the study.
I am certainly no expert in Argentinian political orientation, but you might want to consult George Lakoff's work on political metaphors as it may enrich the theoretical background for your work, especially if you can find a way to apply it to your cultural context.
Data collection, especially if it is done through an online questionnaire, will take a mere 2-3 weeks. And data analysis is fairly straightforward as well - univariate, bivariate, regression.
Good luck with your dissertation!
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Preferably research on business or innovation management
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Andrea, Javier and Stephen, thanks much for you too. These will help.
BR,
Erno
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I am looking for Scientist/Institutes, working on development of biosensors to guide and collaborate with us 
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Dear sir, I want develop a biosensor for assessment of age of rice. on this topic i am searching for expertise person or relevant institutions working on this area to guide me. 
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Hello,
I would like to receive papers, dissertation on this subject. Related form of institution like community-based enterprise, social enterprise owned by the poor, etc are welcome. 
Thanks
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Attached is very detailed documentation about the start and growth of a community based organisation for and by black people in South Africa. It is part of this book:  
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I am looking for researchers who would be willing to be collaborate for my current research on social entrepreneurship in terms of data collection, analysis, and paper writing. The geographical region of enquiry will be mainly Northern and Western India. Data collection will be by taking in-depth interviews within social enterprise organisations as well as with beneficiary rural households / micro entrepreneurs in select villages. To discuss more in detail, you can reach out to me. Those of us working on this project would need to be comfortable in speaking Hindi.
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Sure..U can drop your message at garima@fmsbhu.ac.in
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I am looking for research questions in the field of entrepreneurship
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I noted the similarity between best management practices found in excellence models and used in new product development. It would be interesting to explore this further and the results might contribute to strengthening the  global entrepreneurial index. Attached is a presentation I did last year on the topic. If you are interested, I have an automated assessment and reporting system that uses an integrated excellence model that could be used to do the research. 
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Basic Literature that define the concept 'local embeddedness' and Empirical studies on developing countries' FDI local embeddedness with clear methodologies.
Thanks 
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Perhaps, you will find useful one of my previous studies investigating linkages between TNCs and local companies in Poland:
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I am thinking about doing research on ethos (morality) of entrepreneurship in some region in Poland. It would be great to make some comparison with similar researches and get to know the best matching methodology.
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Robert, 
As you know, nobody claims that I'm an unethical person! So measuring unethical behavior is something impossible using a questionnaire. I recommend you to adopt this scale of Justification of unethical behavior comprising "Displacement of responsibility", "Diffusion of responsibility" and "Attribution of Blame." 
Good luck with your research
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In the social entrepreneurship, the factors, gender, age, academic studies or some to support the seccessful enterprise
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In our research on social enterprises in Southern Italy, we have found that women are the most involved in activities dedicated to social servicies for families and similar .
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Dear all,
Before talking about Social Return on Investment (SROI) which is due to the whole operation of the social enterprise, let´s start by analyzing the first steps, the very first investments. My last questions in researchgate make me think about the action of social entrepreneurs and I received helpful comments about the question relating the participation of the poor in the process of social innovation. Now, this one is important for nascent social entrepreneurs and for the school of thought (EMES: enterprises owned by the poor, or social and solidarity-based enterprises,must innovate to reach the point of social entrepreneurs).
I mention Social Entrepreneurs to present the top-down approach; NGO and government fall into this group, so I welcome any paper about this fact and especially I would like to see some in depth analysis of the start-up process as suggested by:
  1. Gibb & Ritchie (Understanding the Process of Starting Small Businesses,1982): 1): Motivation & Determination, 2): Idea & Market, 3): Resource & 4): Ability;
  2. Helen Haugh: (Community-Led Social Venture Creation, 2007): (1) opportunity identification, (2) idea articulation, (3) idea ownership, (4) stakeholder mobilization, (5) opportunity exploitation, and (6) stakeholder reflection
Thank you
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thank you all.
I wish to receive paper comparing start-up from both perspective "top-down with the social entrepreneurs and bottom-up with the agents of change locally-based.
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It is clear when social innovation gives step to novel idea, it can be transformed to goal, plan, program and project but what about this idea (Where, Who, When). Social innovation is one of the main and most promising way to rebuild community bonds, the poorest and marginalized people can benefit it when it is designed by an outsider (government, NGO, private enterprise, social entrepreneur), but the probability of success increase when the beneficiaries participate in the design of social innovation.
My question is related to remote rural area in developing countries, where live the poorest people. Probably they never had seen or heard about what is good living conditions or accepted as good. Many researchers (Mulgan, 2006; Von Jacobi et al, 2017) argue that the poor know about how to solve their problems; can we expect to this kind of poor to part of the process of social innovation? Or it is possible to talk about level of participation as the top-down approach does?
Following the logic of participation, it looks like a failure from the donors, NGO, government who make the plan and project and ask the poor to join them. Barlett (2007) is on the side to let the people plan for themselves. How could this happen when they lack skills,
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A very interesting perspective put forward here by: however I would simply say that once you experience a situation and then you are into it only then you know what caused it and next time you can better tackle it also. So as per my logic, only the poor villagers know what their real problem is and they would also be able to contribute towards the solution. They don't know the solution but the problem and the cause so the way to get rid of it would be following to it.
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Developing countries need SE to innovate, to change the society, but actions like that have some cost. To ensure the enterprise will exist in the future, social entrepreneurs must have financial return. Because new thing doesn´t exist in those countries, due to the government and market failure, SE can sell to the poor with higher cost. For this, it is argued that the logic of bottom of pyramid (BOP) had failed, and SE may fall in the same trap. Also by searching for financial sustainability social entrepreneurs enter in the so called "poverty penalty", a good review of the social dimension of the problems is needed. Then, I can ask: 
Are social entrepreneurs getting richer by innovation and the desire to change? Can we talk about social entrepreneurship failure yet?
THANKS
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Hello Robin Thank you. The debate helps me a lot. A special thanks to Anirudh as well. 
Let me comment what´s going in my country. NGOs are the main institution representing social entrepreneurship and recognized by the government officially. There are a lot of people trying to help the poorest one personally with community development initiative, but the most common pass by the churches (a form of NGO), foundation created by institution with commercial purpose (This one can be seen as a form of corporate social responsibility). Studies talk about more than 10000 NGO in Haiti (Pierre Ezer Pélissier, 2013: Université d’Ottawa). Hearing the debates, seeing the country, the situation of the country remain the same or get worse. Haiti looks like a big challenge for NGO, donors, the international community as whole.
Following, Dees (1998): “social entrepreneurs attack the underlying causes of problems, rather than simply treating symptoms”. This is not the case for many non-profits organizations in this country. A clear example is their intervention after the 2010 earthquake. Many people were living in the capital at the given time, when this bad event happened, they return to their communities. But, the international aid arrived at the capital, in order to receive it, they do back to the same city (accepting the bad living condition). Until today, most of the intervention of the NGO is centered in the capital. Yes, we can talk about the failure of this form of social entrepreneurship because it doesn´t care for the root of the social problems.
Social entrepreneurs appear as promising solution to social problems, so claim Sud et al. (2008), “society tends to view ‘‘new’’ solutions as ‘‘the’’ solution”; we are almost all losing in the SE as solution (scholars, practitioners), but less is written or analyzed about its darkside, failure, poverty penalty. I think the solution is in people themselves, in their institution; as this give place to talk about social and solidarity economy. What is needed is to make investigation and action to see the enterprises of this sector (social or voluntary) making what social entrepreneurs pretend to do. Obviously, in the actions, we must give them opportunities, financial resources to execute their projects as we do for the SEs.
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I prefer this question could be the research direction of my dissertation for graduation. Is it logical and rational?
Here is the web of impact index of social enterprise in uk: https://se100.net/index/impact-measurement
Is it academic that I can use in my research?
p.s. Before this question, I considered to research how social enterprise can balance social performance and financial performance, however, I could't find a index to quantify social performance of social enterprise. If you have idea to quantify it, could you tell me? Thank you.
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Hi 
I have briefly discussed this issue as a part of my discussion on SE in the article attached. Furthermore, I have developed several tools that can be quantified for measurements of your interest, hope you find it useful.
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I am working on a questionnaire on altruism born of suffering (Vollhardt) as an antecedent to social entrepreneurship.
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Thank you very much for your answer. I am having some issues finding an appropriate measure for altruism, especially as it tue questionnaire is to be applied to a culturally diverse sample. Are there any known/recommended scales for these kinds of settings?
Thanks again!
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