Science topic

Social Distance - Science topic

The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
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Publications related to Social Distance (10,000)
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Dear Colleagues, The rapid effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the musculoskeletal system are a result of physical and mental inactivity caused by environmental factors such as social distancing and isolation from nature. The COVID-19 pandemic presents a significant challenge for all organizations. Biological agents may affect occupational safety...
Article
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Background/Objective Self-compassion has a consensual relevance for overall mental health, but its mechanisms remain unknown. Using intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) and concurrent transcranial magnetic stimulation-electroencephalography (TMS-EEG), this study investigated the causal relationship of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPF...
Chapter
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This article presents an inexpensive artificial intelligence solution aimed at increasing indoor safety of COVID-19, including a number of important aspects: (1) breakdown of the process (2) Method for mask identification (3). Assessment methodology of social distancing The Arduino Uno sensor system uses an infrasound sensor or heat camera, whereas...
Article
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This paper reports three studies investigating the effects of benevolent and corrective humor on interpersonal liking and willingness to change problematic behavior. Study 1 (n = 375) found that participants liked corrective-humor-tellers who were socially distant less than those who were socially close, whereas they liked benevolent-humor-tellers...
Article
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This special issue was proposed by Children & Society editors specifically for the journal's strategic aims to enhance its internationalisation; and to embrace children's perspectives and experiences in producing knowledge about childhoods in challenging times and underrepresented contexts (Berriman et al., 2021). The COVID-19 pandemic is such an o...
Article
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Robotics significantly influence retail and consumer services. The COVID-19 pandemic further amplified the rise of service robots (SRs) through social distancing measures. While robots are embraced widely by retailers and service providers, consumers’ interaction with SRs remains an intriguing avenue of research across contexts. By taking a relativ...
Article
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Many ageing people are staying at home, whether they are self-isolating or social distancing, because of the current Covid-19 situation. Fall incidents at home among the ageing are significantly associated with a high level of mortality. Bathrooms are frequently reported as a major environmental hazard in connection with falls. This serious health...
Article
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While stressing the relevance of context, the organizational resilience literature has so far not extensively examined resilience in times of healthcare crises such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The Parasite Stress Theory of Values suggests that such pandemic crises have detrimental impacts on entrepreneurial activity due to social distancing a...
Article
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As of 8 October 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic had caused over 236.6 million confirmed cases and 4.83 million deaths globally. The pandemic has quickly spread across the world, with only five countries being COVID-free. The outbreak has also had a significant impact on people’s lifestyles and daily interactions in Malaysia. Malaysian cities have been...
Article
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We fit an SARS-CoV-2 model to US data of COVID-19 cases and deaths. We conclude that the model is not structurally identifiable. We make the model identifiable by prefixing some of the parameters from external information. Practical identifiability of the model through Monte Carlo simulations reveals that two of the parameters may not be practicall...
Article
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Background: Collectivism has been identified as a protective factor against COVID-19 - perhaps due to increased conformity with social norms regarding prevention behaviors. Other studies have also found that individualism can inspire uptake of preventative behaviors as a means of personal protection. It is possible that these cultural orientations...
Article
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The current health emergency has a significant effect on the educational community in unprecedented manners. Most of the educational activities are conducted via online to engage their students by keeping social distance. Most instructors and students face huge trouble using digital systems because they have no prior training about online learning...
Article
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An important role in deliberations on measures taken to eliminate the Sars-cov-2 flu pandemic is played by the definition of factors which contribute to containing its spread. These factors include social capital which contributes to mitigating the development of the flu pandemic by enhancing engagement and cooperation among people within various t...
Article
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The autonomous UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) navigation has recently gained an increasing interest from both academic and industrial sectors due to its potential uses in various fields and especially, the need for social distancing during the pandemic. Many works have adopted a deep reinforcement learning (RL) method with experience replay called d...
Article
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The second wave of COVID-19 forced many countries to impose a strict lockdown to check the escalated infection rate. The imposed lockdown and social distancing made people involuntary home arrested, and people shifted back to virtual space by adopting, starting from work from home to online shopping. The essentials such as food and grocery shopping...
Article
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This article reports on an empirical study that examined incarcerated offenders’ perceptions of correctional officers in selected correctional centres in South Africa. Broadly, correctional officers require the voluntary compliance and cooperation of incarcerated offenders to realise the goals of the custodial institutions. But the perennial incide...
Article
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Background Controlling the epidemic spread and establishing the immune barrier in a short time through accurate vaccine demand prediction and optimised vaccine allocation strategy are still urgent problems to be solved under the condition of frequent virus mutations. Methods A cross-regional Susceptible-Exposed-Infected-Removed dynamic model was u...
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COVID-19 mitigation measures have disrupted the provision of essential health services. The goal of this study was to understand changes in reproductive, maternal, neonatal, and child health (RMNCH) services during the pandemic in Pakistan. We conducted a qualitative study in November and December 2020 consisting of telephone in-depth interviews wi...
Article
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COVID-19 pandemic required community shutdowns and social distancing, with profound implications on medical education where pre-clerkship instruction shifted to a web-based format. Virtual learning lacks the personal contact and abrogates learning that often comes from “the hidden curriculum (HC)”. COVID-19 pandemic also emphasized the importance o...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has relegated pathologies that were previously commonplace to a secondary context. Therefore, it is necessary to study the evolution of these diseases in the presence or absence of COVID-19. Objective: The present study had the following objectives: 1. to evaluate the relationship between the COVID-19 epidemic and the possib...
Article
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Mobile health (mHealth) apps are transforming healthcare in rural and remote communities worldwide. Rural communities in Zimbabwe have limited access to information that affects their health, economic and social being due to structural and social barriers related to the inaccessibility of traditional media. mHealth apps are a valuable tool for diag...
Article
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The spread of new coronavirus (COVID-19) infections shows no signs of stopping. Therefore, we must consider how to deal with this disaster well. The practice of social distance is one of the powerful tools for that purpose. Therefore, in this paper, we analyzed the factors that influence physical proximity in the manufacturing industry, which has a...
Article
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International Journal of Modern Education Studies December, 2022 Volume 6, No 2 Pages: 470-492 The aim of this study is to investigate the level of social acceptance of students with typical development in inclusive classes towards individuals with special needs in terms of certain variables. In this study, the screening model was used, which is on...
Conference Paper
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This research aims to address the problem of the unvaccinated by considering how the social contract is framed by compliers and non-compliers on social media. COVID-19 mitigation measures (CMM), including mask-wearing, social distancing and vaccination, became a flashpoint of social division during the pandemic. Social media has been implicated in...
Article
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The study assessed the economic impact of COVID-19 on cattle traders in the Karamoja and Teso pastoral and agro-pastoral areas in Uganda and their response after the COVID-19 lockdown in 2020. The results reveal that cattle traders were negatively affected by COVID-19 in many ways including reduction in cattle sales, erosion in operating capital, a...
Article
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The effectiveness of containment measures has been shown to depend on both epidemiological and sociological mechanisms, most notably compliance with national lockdown rules. Yet, there has been growing discontent with social distancing rules during national lockdowns across several countries, particularly among certain demographic and socio-economi...
Article
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Background Anxiety among adolescents may lead to disability and has a tremendous impact on one’s quality of life. The alarming COVID-19 pandemic is expected to increase the anxiety level of adolescents especially with enforced governmental management strategies. This study will assess anxiety symptoms among secondary school students during the COVI...
Article
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Background Traditional introductory point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) courses are resource intensive, typically requiring 2–3 days at a remote site, consisting of lectures and hands-on components. Social distancing requirements resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic led us to create a novel hybrid course curriculum consisting of virtual and in-person...
Article
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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) responses such as social distancing practices can decrease health care access and tuberculosis (TB) notification, particularly among individuals aged 60 years or older. Conversely, they can increase TB notification among younger individuals. These results may be attributable to household transmission and the similarit...
Article
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Background Kuwait had its first COVID-19 in late February, and until October 6, 2020 it recorded 108,268 cases and 632 deaths. Despite implementing one of the strictest control measures-including a three-week complete lockdown, there was no sign of a declining epidemic curve. The objective of the current analyses is to determine, hypothetically, th...
Article
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Background In the era of COVID-19, utilization of telemedicine has dramatically increased. In addition to reduced travel times, patient expenses, and work or school days missed, telemedicine allows clinicians to provide continued care while minimizing face-to-face interactions, maintaining social distancing, and limiting potential COVID-19 exposure...
Article
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Background The purpose of this study was to explore perceived changes in physical activity (PA) due to Covid19 stay-at-home and social distancing guidance among older adults. Methods Participants ( n = 1429, 77% female, 84% ≥60 years) living in Scotland completed an online survey in Summer 2020 measuring PA and wellbeing (indexed through lonelines...
Article
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We investigated the initial outbreak rates and subsequent social distancing behaviour over the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic across 29 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) of the United States. We used the Numerus Model Builder Data and Simulation Analysis (NMB-DASA) web application to fit the exponential phase of a SCLAIV+D (Susceptible, Con...
Article
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Attendance monitoring or tracking is the process of recording when individuals start and finish their working hours. While a physical recording kept in a register can be used for this, several businesses choose to use trustworthy digital staff attendance monitoring systems. Monitoring attendance is a critical administrative activity in all educatio...
Article
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Background: The impact of SARS-COV-2 virus (COVID-19) has been well documented in international settings with a reduction in overall emergency presentations both influenced by social distancing and lockdowns. This study focuses on several common acute general surgical pathologies exploring differences in presentations and clinical outcomes for appe...
Article
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In response to the COVID19 pandemic, many countries have implemented lockdowns in multiple phases to ensure social distancing and quarantining of the infected subjects. Subsequent unlocks to reopen the economies started next waves of infection and imposed an extra burden on quarantine to keep the reproduction number ( $$R_{0}$$ R 0 ) < 1. However,...
Article
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Most cardiac imaging conferences have adopted social media as a means of disseminating conference highlights to a global audience well beyond the confines of the conference location. A deliberate and thoughtful social media campaign has the potential to increase the reach of the conference and allow for augmented engagement. The coronavirus disease...
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Background The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic hit South America badly with multiple waves. Different COVID-19 variants have been storming across the region, leading to more severe infections and deaths even in places with high vaccination coverage. This study aims to assess the spatiotemporal variability of the COVID-19 pandemic and estimate the infecti...
Article
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Schools across the United States and around the world canceled in-person classes beginning in March 2020 to contain the spread of the COVID-19 virus, a public health emergency. Many empirical pieces of research have demonstrated that educational institutions aid students' overall growth and studies have stressed the importance of prioritizing in-pe...
Article
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One of the important rituals that Muslims do on their pilgrimage to Makkah, which is called Tawaf in Arabic, is a walk around the Ka'aba seven times. The space around the Ka'aba is limited and it is usually crowded. Pilgrims arrive at unpredictable intervals to perform the Tawaf and quickly join the crowd, which increases the population. Congestion...
Article
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COVID-19 is a major threat to public safety, and emergency public health measures to protect lives (e.g., lockdown, social distancing) have caused widespread disruption. While these measures are necessary to prevent catastrophic trauma and grief, many people are experiencing heightened stress and fear. Public health measures, risks of COVID-19 and...
Article
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Research on the use of social media in the foreign language classroom has increased significantly in the last decade especially during the pandemic due to quarantine and social distancing. The aim of the present research is to examine the learners' perception of the use of social media in learning Spanish as a foreign language in a non-native conte...
Article
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COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent rigid social distancing measures implemented, including school closures, have heavily impacted children's and adolescents' psychosocial wellbeing, and their mental health problems significantly increased. However, child and adolescent mental health were already a serious problem before the Pandemic all over the...
Article
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Voluntary isolation is one of the most effective methods for individuals to help prevent the transmission of diseases such as COVID-19. Understanding why people leave their homes when advised not to do so and identifying what contextual factors predict this non-compliant behavior is essential for policymakers and public health officials. To provide...
Article
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COVID-19 is a stressor creating much anxiety for the general public, such as anxiety related to possible infection, social distancing, financial strain and uncertainty. As the scientific literature shows that there is an intimate relationship between anxiety and depression, it is important to ask whether anxiety is related to depression under the p...
Article
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This study examined the associations between mothers’ predisposition to show rejection sensitivity and children’s cognitions regarding peer rejection and their social self-perceptions. It also explored whether these associations were mediated by mothers’ behaviors in situations that might suggest their children were rejected by peers. Participants...
Article
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Limited mobility and restrictions in social life caused by the COVID-19 pandemic changed people’s recreational behavior and made them seek more contact with nature. As a result, the provision of new recreational spaces in the vicinity of cities gained importance. In conditions of social distancing, rural and suburban areas can be an attractive alte...
Article
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A sedentary lifestyle is any type of activity that only expends a small amount of energy with an energy expenditure of not more than 1.5 METs when sitting or lying down. this has a very bad impact on health. These activities have a very bad impact on health. During the COVID-19 pandemic, people face many big challenges, one of which is social dista...
Article
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The Covid-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on Indonesia. The impact of Covid-19 is not only in the health sector, but also in various aspects including economic, social, educational, and so on. Various government policies were carried out to overcome and prevent the wide spread of the Covid-19 virus, such as social distancing, and working f...
Thesis
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E-Learning is an electronic technology to access any educational format curriculum in Ghana or any part of the world outside of a physical or traditional classroom. Official Public Service Announcement on Coronavirus from the World Health Organization (WHO) has led to the improvement of our educational system in the whole wide world and Ghana as a...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has plunged the world into a health and economic crisis never seen before since the Spanish flu pandemic in 1918. The closure of schools and universities, the banning of rallies, and other social distancing in countries have been done to disrupt the transmission of the virus. Governments have planned to reduce restrictions on...
Article
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Social distancing measures can create psychological issues, especially among hospital staff who constantly deal with emergency patients. To explore the mediating role of COVID-19 anxiety on the association between COVID-19 safety protocols and mental health, and to test the moderating role of resilience between COVID-19 safety protocols and COVID-1...
Article
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Background COVID-19 is a pandemic that has been widespread throughout the world. The disease and the measures employed to contain its spread have a detrimental effect on the mental health of individuals. Countries across the world have applied variable combinations of quarantine and social distancing measures to contain the spread of COVID-19. This...
Conference Paper
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Since COVID-19 emerged, it has crucially influenced and has been influenced by health and public affairs in many countries of the World. Health system, economy, education, democracy, media, conspiracy theories, culture, tourism, Civil Society, welfare system are all sectors affected by the pandemic crisis due to the necessary measures of social dis...
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THE COLLECTIVE DIMENSION OF SOCIAL CONTROL IN ORAL SOCIETIES The paper problematizes the collective dimension of social control in oral societies, focusing mostly on nomadic communities of hunters-gatherers and tribal segments. The author analyzes conditions for effective control considering the functions of existential conditions (economic co-dep...
Article
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Throughout the pandemic, individuals 65 years and older have contributed most COVID-19 related deaths. To best formulate effective vaccination and other prevention policies to protect older adults, large scale observational studies of these higher risk individuals are needed. We conducted a Vaccine Effectiveness (VE) study during the B.1.617.2 Delt...
Article
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The contagious Corona Virus (COVID-19) transmission can be reduced by following and maintaining physical distancing (also known as COVID-19 social distance). The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends preventing COVID-19 from spreading in public areas. On the other hand, people may not be maintaining the required 2-m physical distance as a mand...
Article
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Although human mobility is considered critical for the spread of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) both locally and globally, the extent to which such an association is impacted by social vulnerability remains unclear. Here, using multisource epidemiological and socioeconomic data of US counties, we develop a COVID-19 pandemic vulnerability in...
Article
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People experiencing homelessness (PEH) faced unique challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, including changes to accommodation availability, societal restrictions impacting access to essentials like food, and services moving to online and remote access. This in-depth qualitative research aims to add to the existing, but limited research exploring...
Article
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Objective Given their unique COVID-19 pandemic experience, it is necessary to evaluate the mental health of youth beyond the initial stages of the pandemic, in relation to the stringency of the social distancing measures. We aimed to describe long-term trends in emotional well-being and self-esteem among youth in Japan during the pandemic. Method...
Article
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Background Although research shows that the Covid-19 pandemic has led to declines in mental health, the existing research has not identified the pathways through which this decline happens. Aims The current study identifies the distinct pathways through which COVID-induced stressors (i.e., social distancing, disease risk, and financial stressors)...
Article
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After eighteen months of maintaining precautions due to COVID-19, universities began to open with the guidance from the Ministry of Education (MoE) and the University Grants Commission (UGC). The study endeavored to examine the adaptability of Hybrid learning in Bangladeshi higher education during COVID-19. The study followed mixed method to accomp...