Science topic

Social Distance - Science topic

The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
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Convalescent people have high anti-SARS CoV2 antibodies (different varieties apart from regular anti-spike proteins) in their plasma which are sufficient to neutralize heavy viral load. Such people generate robust immune response to neutralize successive encounter from the same virus (not mutant). Can such people serve as the 'carrier' of virus and potentially infect others healthy individuals in sorrounding? Do these people really need to wear face masks and practice social distancing? If yes, what are the main reasons for that? Thanks in advance for sharing knowledge 😊
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To combat this virus, wearing the mask and social distancing is only the solution but mostly people ignore this and take it lightly/
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Recomendaciones sobre la mascarilla
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Have done a basic analysis creating a 20x13 matrix matching previous disease to social distancing behaviour. Would like some assistance with more advanced calculations, visualisations and interpreting the data. Look for co-authors who can take this on if anyone has an interest?
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Hi
The idea is that how people do social distancing during the COVID pandemic depends on what previous chronic disease they had. I have data on 13 conditions plus no disease and 20 different questions on compliance habits. Still looking for co-authors, thanks
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I am a language instructor so oral communication is important. Teaching methodologies such as pair-practice are common techniques to get students interacting and comminicating. But...with the virus, many institiutions have strict guidelines about social distancing, student interaction and just having students repeat what the instructor has said. Punctuation practice, or other methods have had to be eliminated. Online teaching tools and sites are helpful but are not really condusive to active language learning. Addtionally, due to wi-fi connectability, number of computers and scheduling conflicts for computer rooms this avenue is not always available. What other methods are instructors utilizing to get learners actively learning a language or other subject?
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Dear Mr. Carley!
You pointed to an essential topic. It is highly important to get student engaged and motivated, COVID-19 pandemic has different impact depending on the region, country, institution and students. The solution is a case - and context dependent issue to consider:
1) Pelikan, E.R., Lüftenegger, M., Holzer, J. et al. Learning during COVID-19: the role of self-regulated learning, motivation, and procrastination for perceived competence. Z Erziehungswiss 24, 393–418 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11618-021-01002-x Open access:
2) Çevik, M., Bakioğlu, B. Investigating students’ E-Learning attitudes in times of crisis (COVID-19 pandemic). Educ Inf Technol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-021-10591-3 Free access:
3) Barrot, J.S., Llenares, I.I. & del Rosario, L.S. Students’ online learning challenges during the pandemic and how they cope with them: The case of the Philippines. Educ Inf Technol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-021-10589-x Free access:
4) Xu, J. Chinese University Students’ L2 Writing Feedback Orientation and Self-Regulated Learning Writing Strategies in Online Teaching During COVID-19. Asia-Pacific Edu Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-021-00586-6 Free access:
5) Ahmed Al Shlowiy, Ali H. Al-Hoorie, Mohammed Alharbi (2021). Discrepancy between language learners and teachers concerns about emergency remote teaching, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, Early View, 27 August 2021, Free access:
6) A case-study: Herri Mulyono et al. (2021). The application of WhatsApp to support online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia, Heliyon, Volume 7, Issue 8, August 2021, Free access:
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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I have idea that can use mobile technology for social distancing. By using mobile can help "workers" to be safe on their working places because mobile devices and their technology (some applications, using technology like measuring the distance between peer by sound like bats, etc.) can warn them if they be closer than the recommended distance and it is also easy to track the infected persons.
So the mobile technologies can help in:-
1- Keep safe space between workers then the workers can back to their work places safely.
2- Track the infected person in the future (because we can know contacts in case of re-spread the virus).
Do you think it is possible?!
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Yes, for us mobile technology helps in social distancing, but only for those who can afford a mobile, which is less than 5 % of the country (Venezuela), Dr. Monther M Elaish
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The mask is to both protect others and yourself from spreading or becoming infected, respectively. If a person's test becomes positive, does the mask keep more virus while shedding within the lungs, increasing more infected lung tissue by not expelling free virus into the environment? In other words, does the mask act like a cork in a wine bottle? Thus, causing more compromised alveoli cells, increasing the cytokine storm damage, increasing hypoxia due to massive assembly, replication, and shedding of virus merely by the simple mask?
^^^ The recent SARS COV2 Delta variant in the US has an important consequence that could potentially be causing adverse complications due to the mask-wearing post-positive test confirming infection. Primarily from its known 1000% increase in shedding of the virus. As soon as these patients know they are positive, an augmentation of protecting others while decreasing the use of the mask should be considered, in my opinion.
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I edited this post in order to reflect the issues surrounding the Delta Variant of SARS COV2 and its increased viral shedding potential.
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When comparing both GDP loss and mortality across countries, it appears that countries that have managed to save more lives during the Covid-19 pandemic have also managed to save their economies better. What accounts for these stark differences in country performances? In this article, we argue that a salient feature of economic and health performance is the degree of trust populations have in their governments. We set up a heuristic analytical framework that models this relation, under particular assumptions about what drives government and individual behavior, in order to better understand the mechanisms that may be at work. We identify three key roles that trust in government may play in enforcing social distancing policies, conveying credible information for individual decision-making, and shaping government attitudes towards risk. We argue that these implications are consistent with the empirical evidence. We also discuss the relevance of other forms of trust, namely, interpersonal trust and trust in science.
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Please have a look on the below link:
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University education is beyond academic benefits. It gives students a chance to develop attitude and skills that give them courage, ability to work with others and a better understanding of himself and the entire world around them. It is during University years that a person gets to understand his/her identity, role, and dreams. To become what you want to be, you need not only formal education but also real-life experience and opportunities for self-development.
How much of this is missing in these cruel times of eLearning & social distancing?
Your comments are highly appreciated!
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Dear Dr. Ahmed T. Hussein , thank you for this student centric & education centric question. I think both Dr. Manal Hadi Kanaan & Dr. Anamitra Roy have already highlighted the pros and cons of distance learning on students psychological development.
The observation of Dr. Anamitra Roy that "we may get professionals without the personality of a professional" and Dr. Manal Hadi Kanaan 's observation that the "student no longer feels the value of the success" - worth the attention of everyone considering the unpredictable nature of covid-19 pandemic end.
Thanks a lot.
Warm regards
Yoganandan
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Hi all,
I have found an association between social distancing attitudes and the willingness to do social distancing, as studied on a Likert type scale (Never to Always). Now there is also an association between what type of work they have and the same response.
My question is how can I isolate the influence of city from the influence of line of work? Wondering if there is a technique for nominal/ordinal variables similar to adjustment/control variables in regression. I would be interested in anything from AI / statistics, preferrably to be used in R or Excel.
And open for collaborations if anyone wants to co-author or similar
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Hi
Please read the questions before you write an answer. It is clear from the first post that I already know what contingency tables and chi-squared tests are. Now to those who gave good points, here goes:
I have 2-3 different predictors, both categoric
3 different responses, two on different Likert scales and one numeric . They have completely different dimensions and can not be combined.
My wish is to find a way to quantify which of the categoric has the most influence on the outcome. They are related as well so there is kind of a mutlicollinearity for nominal variables. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel looks like the best option
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My research field involves environment-person relations and I am looking for examples from around the world of public spaces that were designed to meet the containment measures of COVID-19, more specifically the social distance. I look for projects that have already been effectively implemented. If you know any, please contact me. Thanks in advance
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Public spaces that have been designed and implemented to meet the measures to curb the development of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic include primarily those public sectors and public institutions that, as part of public goods, offer a certain level of provision for society. and the standard of public safety. These public sectors include health care institutions (preparation of infectious wards in hospitals), education (e-learning), public offices and local government units (e-government and services for citizens via the Internet), law enforcement and public administration services (anti-pandemic procedures, quick introduced principles of social distancing, remote work, wearing protective masks), waterworks operated by municipal enterprises controlled by local government units (anti-pandemic water treatment in waterworks), financial institutions (development of electronic and mobile banking, online settlements and payments), culture (introduced lockdowns and the provision of cultural services via the Internet), trade and business of commercially operating economic entities (development of e-commerce, the possibility of making purchases on the Internet), etc. Of course, in individual countries, the level of preparation of public institutions for demia is varied. The issue of the aforementioned differentiation is correlated primarily with the level of the country's development, including the level of institutional and socio-economic development, equipping public institutions and economic entities with modern technologies used to improve public safety systems, including anti-pandemic safety, crisis management and pandemic risk, etc.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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We are applying for a research project grant which aims at conducting a research in the fields of Digital Media, Smart Devices and Social Acceptance in 20 countries. We invite collaborations from each of the 20 countries. For more details please visit:
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Thank you for sharing this.
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Globe and Mail, Toronto.
December 30, 2020
Page 3, from the article:
Fears of a “twindemic” have not materialized this year, with hardly any cases of flu in Canada this season, while COVID-19 cases continue to rise across the country.
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I don't have any data but applying the principles of preventing diseases transmitted by droplets and fomites.. Yes it will definitely reduce the effect of covid-19 but as @Oluyomi Ayodele has mentioned it will depend on how effectively and religiously we follow all the precautions. May be data or projections later on or retrospective analysis will suggest that Covid-19 would have had more severe impact if not for the preventive measures, lockdowns, masks, social distancing, hand hygiene etc. (to whatever extent these measures were carried out).
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13-July-2020
WHO said that many countries had the wrong strategy to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic
This is what we fear will happen and why we emphasize in our scientific publication since almost 3 months ago in a Journal indexed by Scopus with the title:
‘The Need For Consensus On The Effective Approach To Control COVID-19 Outbreak’
Preprint: Amin, Firman Zulkifli, Sari, Mila Kurnia, & Amin, Zulkifli. (2020, April 26). The need for consensus on the effective approach to control COVID-19 outbreak. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766566
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Disinformation is greater than practical information (=what helps, what is effective? ).
The politization of the virus makes this worse.
It is not possible to police a virus.
Effective preventive measures are the only rationale.
Avoiding as much as possible the ‚incubator conditions of closed spaces and bad air quality‘ seems to be paramount, for example.
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Losing lives  for covid-19 is sorrowful. It could be avoided. People do  participate and help spreading the virus  whether  intentionally or unintentionally  by violating rules. I'm astonished to see such violations. Most countries warned people and imposed fines as well as launched intensive mass media  to keep people at home  for a limited period of time  so as to stop spreading the virus. With all of those precautions,  we can see  those gatherings  without masks and physical distancing.  In your opinion,  what could motivate people to wear masks and do physical distancing? Any novel or creative ideas? 
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Only parents and elder family members can implement it
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Hi Everybody,
Please give me know the available data sources can be used to evaluate the community mobility in Covid-19.
Many thanks !
HLV
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WHO data set will be
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Dear colleagues,
We plan to conduct a systematic investigation (both simulation and measurements) of the practical settings with a high risk of airborne infection. We would greatly appreciate it if you can offer some ideas about which settings we should look into, especially, the settings in which current preventive measures (such as wearing masks and social distancing) cannot be readily implemented.
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The lockdown, social distancing, overuse of technology, compulsive living, fear of adversity, etc. have directly affected human relationships. I aspire for your opinion in this regard and solutions for sound human relations.
Sincerely Yours
Bodh
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Extremely interesting questions. I think that Covid 19 and pandemic-induced isolation, fear of illness or loss of income and alienation have had a major impact on modern societies.
I think that young people in particular will suffer the negative effects of this isolation. It disrupts the cycle of interaction, social development and will change the way in which social contacts are made/preserved. It also means the dominance of communication and interaction based on technology... The consequences can be far-reaching...
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A comparison between the protection against coronavirus and radiation protection according to the ALARA principle, " The smallest possible exposure time, as far away from other people as possible (or 'as socially distanced as possible'), and wearing a mask whenever possible".
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Hello All,
I agree that there is a danger in analogy, specifically, false equivalences. However, one can still see some similarities between radiation protection and SARS-COV-2 virus mitigation modalities. For example, droplets and aerosols exhibit short and longer range propagation behaviors, respectively, in a similar way to direct ionizing radiations (alpha and beta particles, short range due to Coulomb interactions with matter) and indirect ionizing radiations (gamma rays and neutrons, longer range due to no direct Coulomb interactions). In the case of radiative contamination, such as dispersed radioactive materials like plutonium contamination, the safety procedures are similar to the SARS-COV-2 virus procedures: full hazmat suits and washing down of these suits. And surprisingly, COVID-19 also has long term effects on the human body, which is also a hallmark of acute radiation exposure, even after the person is removed from the source of the exposure. Long-haulers, as some COVID-19 suffers are called, continue to exhibit unusual blood work and symptoms such as fatigue and headaches for weeks, months, and perhaps years after exposure to the SAR-COV-2 virus even if the titer of virus in their blood is too low to be detectable.
Of course, the real difference between radiation and the virus is that, hopefully, there is a vaccine against the virus.
Regards,
Tom Cuff
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Coronavirus pandemic
COVID-19
face masks
public health
infection
flattening the curve
In epidemiology, the idea of slowing a virus' spread so that fewer people need to seek treatment at any given time is known as "flattening the curve." It explains why so many countries are implementing "social distancing" guidelines
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I am using a mask since January 20. Every week, the government sells sets of 10 masks per person in local drugstores and other facilities for around 1 US dollar. Everybody uses a mask and buy them. If anyone enters a supermarket, a public building, a school, a bus without a mask won't be allowed to access them. If I walk in the street, in a public garden, or even on a beach without a mask, people will come to me to call my attention and to hand me a mask. I live in Macau where we had 48 cases and no new cases in the last 6 months. Nonetheless, prevention continues. The mask "debate" clearly shows up the difference between societies that praise community and family bonds and those downturned in the most egocentric ideas of radical individualism and complete personalization of collective social life. We still need a sense of community social responsibility and the social bonds of family and neighborhood that any social virtual network is able to give us.
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Are we going to create a "COVIDFREE" label to guarantee the new safety and hygienic needs of our customers?
Is the EU going to stablish a best practices' pattern and/or a new legislation in tourists services for all the countries?
Is this the end of the mass tourism?
How the tourist products or services will have to change to suit dynamic new rules or social distancing?
How much the cost of acquiring clients will increase?
What's the new meaning of the "last-minute" booking?
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In new normal new sops will be implemented. Few procedures will be adopted by hotel which hotel are following during this pandemic. Hotel will more focus on sanitization. Artificial intelligence will play an important role to provide safe environment and safe service to the guest
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A study conducted by Abdulkadir A. Warsame highlighted that COVID 19 seriously impacted health, economic, social, business and the entire cycle of the life. Current outbreak has severe economic consequences across the globe. To limited spread of this pandemic the global government should admire steps to curb the spread of the COVID19, through this the governments imposed nightly curfews, a ban on public events, social distance, stay at home, the closure of non-essential business because of this the SMEs faced financial distress or insolvency which resulted to trigger massive job losses and the shuttering of businesses. Although the solutions for this can be based on each country’s policies and capacities but in general how the SMEs existence can be sustained?
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Dear Abdulkadir Ahmed Warsame the SME must create sustainable and resilient business models developed step-by-step starting with the strengthening of the economic foundation of their enterprises, in order to generate financial self-sufficiency and absolve the impact of the COVID-19. Once reasonable progress has been achieved, it is possible to embark on the next step by pursuing more advance goals in what concerns the combination os profits and social purposes. Kind regards, Ernani
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Now we are in very difficult situation round the word ,the epidemic is hitting economy ,and millions are out of work and even USA the large economy is suffering ,how can we compromise between keeping health and death is increased 18 millions are suffering.so what is the solution?
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Dear Joel Alvarez-Ruf, I agree with your opinion that biomedical and epidemiological solutions alone are not enough. Intergenerational social responsibility is also essential to protect the elderly from being infected with Coronavirus, as these people often have comorbidities and are at increased risk of developing severe Covid-19 disease. Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Intermittent social distancing may be required lasting up to 2022 to lessen the pressure on healthcare systems across the globe and to reduce to impact of the novel coronavirus outbreak. This is from a recent study by Harvard scientists who modelled the pandemic's trajectory.
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Ah, yes, Lucio.
We can't look back and laugh at ourselves as being caught in a silly frenzy.
Stay safe.
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WHAT IS YOUR THOUGHT?
Here is some question
In the context of patient-centred teaching, today’s obligations raise many questions that may result in reshaping medical education.
For example:
- How can we train future physicians during the limitations of social distancing?
- In addition to web-based learning and digital content, can we simulate virtual patient experiences?
- How should we protect students who may feel obligated to care for Covid-19 (or similar) patients regarding supervisory and grading aspect?
- How do we determine who are essentially in need of personal protective equipment during medical education?
- What are the implications of avoiding infected patient engagement for medical students?
- Are there any responsibilities of medical students as junior members of health-care teams in unprecedented times?
- How can medical schools help their residents to tackle the challenges of this pandemic as competent graduate physicians?
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I think the Medical Education need to go more disciplinary and share more lessons learned. Please refer to our papers on our book
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Relevant to a previous question I asked about Zoom in the classroom.
Our university is implementing strict guidelines when it comes to social distancing in the classroom. Our students will be spaced apart with limited contact between the instructor and fellow learners. Instructors are to remain in front of the classroom away from students.
We will not be able to use pair practice for conversation classes. For language instruction I have always found this to be a vital and useful exercise to gauge fluency and understanding.
Does anyone have any suggestions or comments?
Thank you ahead of time.
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Richard,
Hello, we have the option of F2F but the restrictions put in to place seemed almost impossible for language classes. It will be all online zoom again. I am actually satisfied with this course of action. From 10/1 classes begin. I will have all my classes from the uni and my office this time. I taught from home last semester and it was not as grand as expected. Issues with noise; dog, cars, etc, and connectivity; such as the fact that there are 5 people in our house now. Our daughter is home taking online classes along with my son and his wife who are heavy Internet users. I'll commute to school but actually easier in may ways.
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Could you tell please where the biggest slum is located in the world? And the amid of the COVID-19 pandemic, how to way the slum peoples will make isolation or social distancing. I noticed in our country they are infected less. What is the reality behind cause such mysterious incident.
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Md. Abdur Razzak Choudhury We can scientifically detect a very negative correlation between diseases and socio-economic status; this is, of course, not the will of our creator, but a man-made issue.
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No one can ignore that we are entering it in the digital age. The perimeters of central banks are gradually starting to be crossed by the rise of crypto-assets. Especially since the new COVID-19 crisis offers an opportunity for Fintechs to impose themselves given the containment measures and social distancing. The question is asked for central banks, on the adoption of a digital currency for central banks, in order to centralize the system and ensure the safeguard of money for public confidence.
Christian P. Pinshi
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I look at this development as keeping up with the times. Central Banks have to join the bandwagon if they don't want to be left out of the digital/fintech craze. Not too long ago, Central Bank has expanded their balances sheets to deal with Covid-19, following the footsteps of the Fed during the Global Financial Crisis in 2008. Where does this lead us? For most Central Banks, inflation is their ultimate goal and so long that this is not inflationary, then they can go along with it.
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Does anyone know someone who has researched/written about the redefinition of the communities during the times of social distancing OR the role of music in times of pandemic? Thank you in advance!
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Got it! Thanks
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It is almost impossible to avoid crowds in labs and libraries. I remembered that the libraries are full of people, much more crowded than any restaurants or bars on a busy day, prior to the Covid 19 pandemic. So how we ensure that we can work safety with our peers during group works where social distancing is out of the question.
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Looks like IT is the only solution so far.
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COVID - 19 is spreading rapidly. The government of India has now extended lockdown. And this is the situation in most of the countries. What the anthropologists, sociologists will do as they can not go to the field due to lock down and can not conduct research at the field level among the people due to the rule of social distancing. In this situation do you think that cyber ethnography is the only alternative left with us?
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I don't think it is the only solution
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The past month or so has been super busy as I've moved my lectures from the classroom to the virtual video meeting "room" while naturally been concerned about student welfare. Yet, this new "Coronavirus condition" has forced me to pause for reflection. The result is that I appear to be less preoccupied with conceptual or theoretical questions than with more empirical questions that can demonstrate impact and help to combat suffering or social evils.
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If your observation that "people going crazy" is the current state of our world(s), then that could perhaps be a reality check in itself.
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Since first recommended by WHO, testing for SARS-CoV-19 has been the main strategy to diagnose, isolate, trace, and quarantine the people exposed to COVID-19. With social distancing measures, lockdowns, and hand hygiene, countries that acted early had less cases and reduced mortality.
Now that COVIS-19 pandemic is entering the 6 month, what do you think has been the best strategy, selective, smart or mass testing? What testing strategy was used in your state, country or area of the world and what has been the result?
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In Iraq, daily the MOH test about 15000 subjects with real time PCR rest, those are suspected cases with any clinical sign of the disease, the test is charge free
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This is to understand the evolving trends and challenges in supply chain management due to effects of digitisation and problems faced to understand the challenges to benchmarking of standards and flow of processes to streamline flow of demand and supply.To bring about the behaviour change in all stake holders .constant adherence to environment health and safety policies.Continous output by companies in times of pandemic (social distancing)
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Artificial intelligence.
It boosts economy
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It is impossible to maintain social distancing between caretakers of epileptic patients during this COVID-19 pandemic. As result most of these patients are always in close proximity with the caretakers making them susceptible to COVID-19 infections.
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Additionally, the management of COVID-19 in Epileptic patients could be more complicated considering the drug interactions.
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In response to the coronavirus pandemic, we have witnessed a huge number of epidemiological, clinical and laboratory studies. But it difficult to conduct empirical social research.in order to maintain social distancing.
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Hi Minaketan Bag,
Social distance is a physical thing...we can overcome this in many ways like interviewing through social media or traditional long distance communication such as telephone in order to collect data. Am I getting it right ?
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Psychological fatigue with social distancing is emerging as a major challenge for curbing a pandemic now into its eighth month. That’s especially so among young adults who are less fearful of the coronavirus, and suffer greater economic and social costs when they stay home. Read more at: https://www.bloombergquint.com/coronavirus-outbreak/fatigue-with-social-distancing-poses-virus-containment-challenge Copyright © BloombergQuint
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Absolutely yes. It's becoming more difficult especially for young people to be confined to their homes and thus taking a toll of their mental health. The mental health is taking major setback and is growing as a new issue during this pandemic and it's all not known how long will it go. The mental health issues need to be addressed as importantly as the pandemic itself.
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Social Vaccine: Why do common people ignore the social distancing norms despite the fact that it is only remedy available to combat the Covid - 19 pandemic? There are reports of mass violations of social distancing norms for and wide which has distorted the basic objective of containing the disease.
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Because of IQ comparable to minus degrees as in arctic winter (not taking into account climate change).
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A rule of thumb in insect monitoring using insect traps is that "the trap is never detecting the first insect arriving in the field" that is "one insect in the trap represents many insects in the field".
Taking that to the Covid-19
Who came first to the field?
Has the first corona patient been detected when there were already some 999 asymptomatic carriers around? Because if that's the case, then the spread of the disease in the world is more inevitable and obeying the laws of nature than "practically stoppable" through social distancing and lock-downs. Isn't that so?
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I think asymptomatic carrier comes first.
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July 26, 2020: Fauci:
COVID-19: "The Ten Worst Things You Can Do." ("Fauci's Ten Commandments")
1. Not Social Distancing
2. Not Wearing a Face Mask
3. Being in Large Gatherings
4. Going to Bars
5. Not Washing Your Hands Often
6. Shaking Hands or Hugging
7. Taking Airplanes or Public Transportation
8. Dining Indoors at Restaurants
9. Going to the Gym
10. Ignoring Public Health Guidelines
Can everyone do this?
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Better known as "Fauci's Ten Commandments" I think I will edit the previous comment and add this, I like it.
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After the sanitary emergency of Covid19 which has brought the economy to a halt, recession, and jobs at risk, governments around the world prepare investment plans.
Again as usual with Covid19, its' the same threat, the same issue and phased solution: 1) lockdown to reduce the virus propagation, social distancing, face masks, hygiene; 2) relaunch of activities with social distancing and testing. Then, countries cna be compared, banchmarked against.
For instance, France has announced an investment plan of 110 billion euros [1], and UK twenty times less with 5 billion pounds [2] claimed to be huge.
What do you think of these plans? Are there other worth mentioning? Are they well designed? Will they bear fruit as Roosevelt inspired New Deal in the 1930s which applied Keynes' principle of "economy relaunch by stimulating consumption" and large public work investment.
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A new wave of spending to bridge the fall in demand due to the lockdown and pandemic, are being implemented to promote growth. Such spending are on infrastructure, pharmaceutical research, medical devices and logistics. Some countries are giving free handouts to SMEs and individuals to help them to tide over the difficult period.
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Social distancing is the best defense against spreading coronavirus, the director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday.
“This pandemic is not over,” Dr. Robert Redfield told reporters during a media telebriefing. “The most powerful tool that we have, the most powerful weapon, is social distancing.”
The virus does not travel well over distances of longer than six or seven feet, Redfield said.
June 26, CNN
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Social distancing would be effective if we know the exact distance where the virus can not reach us, wit or without wearing the face mask. Please mention that WHO has told that the virus could be transferred in the air....
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Here we analyse the legitimacy of government actions during the Covid-19 pandemic (lockdowns, social distancing, and masks) and the way they restrict individual choice and derail society by appealing to the masses. Rather than focusing on scientific research on the actual virus, we focus on the set of arguments typically provided by pro-measures individuals to show that they are based on the concepts of cognitive misery, lazy option, and problem substitution. We discuss some of the most notorious slogans and provide counterarguments to show that governments, media, experts and other institutions have been led by the inertia of a confusing problem based on arbitrary and entangled grounds. Our conclusion is that governments, media, and industry are forcing “one-liners” (slogans) upon the true minority under attack: the single individual. Only when the single individual manages to become a sufficiently strong power, consideration of personal choice is granted.
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Thanks for the replies. The key here Ette Etuk is the claim on humanity as same, but then you say: "To me, ...", this means that it is you yoruself, not humanity, that make a decision for all including me. A decision that maybe doesn't not agree with mine.
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The COVID-19 crisis threw schools into a lockdown and forcibly disrupted many assessment protocols. It’s impossible for most of the schools of third world countries to arrange routine examination for students of different grades maintaining social distancing to ensure safety and security. Many terminal examinations have been cancelled and students are in confusion too.
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Conduct online oral individual examinations at least for university students. That means to change a lot into the way we teach.
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Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus
Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. COVID-19 is still affecting mostly people in China with some outbreaks in other countries. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:
Wash your hands frequently
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
Maintain social distancing
Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
Reference
If everyone has an experience about control of corona-virus, please share it.
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Proper use of face mask and eye shield, frequent hand washing, physical distancing, regular balanced diet, adequate sound sleep, regular physical exercise might be useful as preventive measures against COVID-19.
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In the wave of corona,and amidst lock down, and social distancing, one section of our society who are at greater risk are the older people, people above the age of sixty five. Lower immunity levels and co- morbidities put the geriatric population at greater risk. Is this sect of population are also having greater risk of psychological issues like loneliness and , fear of death leading towards depression?
Inviting discussions and responses..
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Social distancing is affecting mental health in elders as well as youngers.
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There are millions of students in undeveloped or developing countries, who live under proverity line and their education is fully suspended due to social distancing.
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For those who cannot listen to online lectures, I struggle as we speak to get paper materials (Course Outlines, Reading Packs and Full Set of Lecture Notes) to 350 first year Sociology students for delivery at their local police stations.
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With most aspects of life, underprivileged people always get the short end of the stick.
Is social distancing expected to hurt the poor people more than rich?
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It affects both rich and poor but it affects the poor more because the sustenance of some of them is affected by the social distancing measure
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Due to necessities of social distances, and increasing charges of public transport, people's are unable to bear expenses of travel, to reach their work duties. Mostly getting lesser salary's. Government in country like India, increasing petroleum's products rates on daily basis. It seems unjustified. This causes increase of transportation costs of all crucial daily use grocery's etc items. How it is justified ?, or is there any solution to this?
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Dear Mr. Kapooria,
my answer may not directly match with your question because the situation in my country, Germany, is different. We are faced with a special daily Jo-Jo effect which has nothing to do with weight watching but with fooling the customers, so that at the very end the drivers and car-owners never know when to refill. It has once been banned by the authorities but as nobody is monitoring this doing or cartelization evils like that are obviously not punishable the business men continue doing so to make money because they are in control of the sources and the distribution facilities.
It is simply an abuse of power.
This multiple Jo-Jo price jumps are only to camouflage the strategy of how to make money at its best
H.G.Dill
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COVID-19 crisis triggered lot of discussion about its origin, spread, current and future possible impact on society worldwide. At the same time, it did promote very dynamic research, innovation and development in the field of medicine and health.
Widespread school closures, social distancing, and work from home has significantly shifted how Canadians are using the internet to learn, work, and stay connected with friends and family. The findings suggest that the number of Canadians working from home has skyrocketed, and that many are experiencing slower internet speeds as video streaming and video and teleconferencing are on the rise.
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Research shows that the development of the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19) accelerates the digitization of the economy, the internetisation of business processes in many companies operating in various sectors and branches of the economy, and the increase in the importance of electronic online banking. Digitization of the economy is currently taking place simultaneously in many areas of economic processes and in the functioning of many economic entities and public, financial and other institutions. Currently, in many branches and sectors, more and more companies are developing their activities via the Internet, remotely providing their services and selling their products under e-commerce. Many companies that have not done this before are now switching to remote activity, carried out electronically via the Internet. The importance of Internet marketing, including viral marketing, Real-Time marketing conducted on social media portals is increasing. The scale of development of electronic banking, including online and mobile banking, is also increasing. The share of payments made electronically, without cash via the Internet and during payments with the use of electronic bank cards is increasing. More and more citizens paying in stores do not use cash but make contactless payments. Limits for all contactless payments made with bank cards have just been increased in some countries. Due to the above, SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus will increase the share of payments made electronically in the context of all payments made in national economies, but it does not have to lead to the creation of a completely new cashless economic system. This cashless system has already existed since the 1990s, but in the past it was only a specific part of the overall payments, the financial system, etc., and gradually increased and underwent subsequent stages of the technological revolution. However, at present, due to the development of the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic, this development, i.e. the development of electronic economy, online and mobile banking, e-commerce etc. has accelerated strongly. The dynamics of digitization processes in various areas of business entities are currently accelerating strongly. The changes are so dynamic that at present it is difficult to predict the scale of the digitization of the economy not only in a few years but even in a year. It is also associated with many puzzles regarding the development of the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic in the following months and perhaps also years. In addition, in home quarantine, people, with their own and other people's safety in mind, contact each other mainly remotely, via the Internet. This thesis is confirmed by data from technological internet companies operating social media portals, educational portals used in e-learning, institutions providing official information services, banks offering online banking, online stores selling specific services and products within e-commerce and telecommunications operators that the burden of data transfer on the Internet has increased significantly, the turnover of transactions and financial payments made remotely via the Internet has increased, etc. The importance of digitizing the economy and people-to-people contacts implemented remotely in connection with the development of the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic causing Covid-19 disease is growing. How important this is can be seen from the data informing about the scale and pace of pandemic development. Of course, we do not know how long this situation will last because there is no known scenario for the development and / or decline of the Koronavirus pandemic in the following weeks, months and years. On the other hand, from the current increase in the processes of digitization of the economy and the increase in the use of the Internet by people as part of mutual communication, it will remain and will be used to a significant extent also in the following months and years. It is likely that some of the current habits of remote contact and implementation of various areas of activity via the Internet will also be continued in the future regardless of the scale and pace of development or decline of the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic, as many business processes and services provided by companies and institutions have permanently transferred online now. I posted more information on this topic on my RG profile. I conduct research in this matter and encourage scientific cooperation.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Is the absence of decision by UK and NL to enforce social distanciation against Covid19 (unlike China, Italy, France, Spain, Germany, USA, etc) caused by memory loss of the positive effects of proactive enforcement of social distancing by US cities in the 1918 influenza pandemic? Death rates were reduced by 50%, source:
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Many thanks to all contributors. What emerges is that although the viruses of 1918 and 2019 are different, human behaviours in these two pandemics can be compared. Is it not notable that the portfolio of NPIs (non pharmaceutical interventions) is the same: handwash and reinforced hygiene, self-isolation, quarantine, lock-down, social distancing, gloves, face-masks?
100 years for not inventing better, and not learning from 1918 or from other countries (China/Wuhan) how to detect and implement early?
100 years to forget!
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How best can we handle experimental studies involving body measurements without "breaching the Social Distancing requirements imposed by the Covid 19 Pandemic ?
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with the help of PPE, we can start study...
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It seems We already accepted stay home, social distancing and mask as grants to avoid Covid 19 infection. But, it has to be noted that droplets transport in the air depends on many environmental factors of which wind speed and direction as well as temperature can be considered. Also, if touching eye with unsafe hand can lead to infection then how is eye protection considered?
What do you think on the relevance of interdisciplinary research approach, including engineers?
Scholars your ideas are welcome!
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While there is enough evidence to demonstrate that wearing masks of different types reduces spread in the community and in health care settings, the evidence for elaborate personal protective equipment (PPE) giving added advantage is weak. According to author's conclusion of this Cochrane review, there is low‐ to very low‐certainty evidence that covering more parts of the body leads to better protection but usually comes at the cost of more difficult donning or doffing and less user comfort.
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Generally, We have been told to make social distancing and all others rules to follow, and we have been following since the pandemic situation started in whole world as our government advised. But, why it is more dangerous for the people who are 60 or more than 60 years, also if they are diabetics or they have high blood pressure. What kind of precaution they can take, if they visit to doctors or emergency work.
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COVID-19 is more harmful for older people because of associated co- morbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD).
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Many institutions are attempting to assist students in completing their studies so they can move on to employment or further studies. Graduation marks the successfu culmination of a programme of study. How do institutions make graduation meaningful within the context of a pandemic and social distancing protocols?
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We have postponed all graduation ceremony to a later date, in the hope that the virus will be over soon. So far, no virtual graduation ceremony has been suggested or practice by an university in my country.
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Implementation of social Distancing in an organization can give better result to minimize the pandemic of COVID-19. But what will be its positive side and negative side with respect in working environment.Please specify this.
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Not every type of work can be done remotely. Now it’s not clear how the enterprises where thousands of people work together will work. Regards, Sergey Viktorovich Pushkin
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Hello,
Hope everyone is safe.
I am working on a project related to - the ongoing status of how covid-19 and associated social distancing is affecting the lives of individuals with DOWN SYNDROME. Things I am particularly looking for:
  1. What types of data are currently collecting that include and analyze the associated groups of people?
  2. The mitigating steps were taken by the associated stakeholders.
  3. Effect of ongoing social distancing on this specific group of people.
If anyone can point to any related publications/documents/study/report/news/data, it is much appreciated.
Thanks
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Using data source from January 23 to March 29, I have tried to create a monthly forecast model of COVID-19 new cases and deaths with an assumption of seasonal patterns every 7 day. Still the number of new cases identified globally is skyrocketing. Number of deaths will be two fold higher in the next one month, again globally. Model is estimated to be strong but slightly varying by countries depending on the data reporting. I have pasted a figure - global, but the pattern in mainland china, Italy, US, UK and Spain, reveals the truth. New cases in Italy subsides but death is still going to continue to be high (data not shown). I hope we all need to take serious measures in the preventive actions such as social distancing. Let’s protect our doctors, nurses, leaders by adhering to guidance we hear from our experts. For Ethiopia, the model is not good and may be misleading.
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Any specific reason for assumption of seasonal pattern every seven days, sir?
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I would like to know what would be a better "marker" to define the flexibilization or the end of social distance (or quarantine)?
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Hi;
Physical distancing is probably a more appropriate term than "social distancing" because the objective is the physical separation of individuals. I think life will not return to normal until an adequate vaccine or treatment for Covid 19 is available.
With my best regards
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Social distancing now enforced in many countries requires that there is a minimum distance between people in any public place.
1. Distancing and density
A consequence of social distancing, when enforced, is to put an upper bound on human density in any public space. If you stay at least "r", say 1.5 m - 2.0 m, apart from your neighbour, there is an exclusion circle of radius r around you which nobody can enter. This is a geometrical question known by chemists and physicists in crystallography: how can you pack atoms in space efficient ways? Here we have circles of radius r, and if the public space is a square of edge N*r, you cannot pack more than NxN circles in that space. Hence on a surface of S=(N*r)**2 you cannot have more than N**2 persons. That means a maximum density of 1/(r**2) people per square meter if the radius r is enforced for social distancing.
2. Lower density, hence less privacy, in public space
This means that individual people cannot "hide in the crowd", and everyone becomes more visible to external observers, or to the fewer individuals present locally. That would be a first consideration for the impact on privacy
3. Home lock-down and privacy?
If people stay at home, with few exceptions known to us, then knowing one's address is knowing where one is, with probability close to one.
Then the address becomes the key privacy parameter. If someone does not want others to know where they are, they need their address not to be shared or leaked.
Do you agree with the above?
What is your view on how the privacy question is changed by social distancing, and home lock-down?
Are there additional aspects?
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During Covid-19 people are maintaining social distancing. Social distancing is a non-pharmaceutical infection prevention and control intervention implemented to avoid/decrease contact between those who are infected with a disease causing pathogen and those who are not, so as to stop or slow down the rate and extent of disease transmission from one person to others. This eventually leads to decrease in spread, morbidity and mortality. Why it is not called as physical distancing instead social distancing?
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It is probably semantics but we are distancing ourselves from social situations. We can still be around people like our families but we distance ourselves from friends, stores, and restaurants.
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People in India are under lockdown, constrained and restricted in their movements. The anxiety and depression plus the practical difficulties — financial and employment — as well as the effects of segregation from own relatives, is going to take a toll on people in terms of their mental and emotional wellbeing.
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Yes, in some countries there has already been an increase in domestic violence due to prolonged home quarantine. In the most difficult situation there are people who, being in quarantine at home, are not able to conduct and continue working remotely via the Internet and have lost their jobs. In this situation, the mental condition is very bad, negative emotional states, depression, increased aggression, etc. arise.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Is Taiwan proof of that?
Philip Johnston in The Telegraph April 21, 2020 wrote under the headline, The Government had a plan to fight this pandemic – but it lost its nerve. He says the Government (UK) “Concerned that it would be seen to be putting the economy ahead of the NHS, it is now inflicting worse damage on the country than the virus itself.”
Would social distancing and persistent hand washing have been sufficient? Perhaps with noses and mouths covered? Was the lockdown an over reaction? Was there a panicked over-reaction because of a failure to think through planning during the many years preceding COVID-19 when epidemic and possible pandemic were recognized as inevitable occurrences?
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Lockdown is necessary no doubt, but what about the economical crisis which are facing by the all countries? So, many countries now introducing partial lockdown due to their destabilized economical issues. But many citizens objected that, this kind of lockdown wouldn't be enough to overcome from this disaster. So, the question is; what kind of policies should be implemented. In both of these cases either lockdown or not, people will suffer, they will die either from hunger or this pandemic. So, my personal opinion is that, partial lockdown would be beneficial according to the recent circumstances. Each countries should introduce preventing measures via advertising through TV, radio, internet. So, each individual could prevent themselves by adopting some precautions.
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If everyone can keep social distancing, is it necessary to wear face masks? Which measure is essential or they completment each other?
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Dear Dr. Daqing Chen,
Masks consistently cut infection rates across the studies, leading Chou to believe that anything from a surgical mask to an N95 reduces the risk of transmitting coronaviruses.
A more detailed discussion of the problem of wearing a COVID19 infection mask you can find on the website:
Best regards,
Igor Novák
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In response to the social distancing mandate and campus shut down that has been implemented for the remainder of the semester at ETSU, I am broadcasting my thesis defense presentation for my committee via a Zoom conference meeting. This meeting is open to anyone by following this link on March 23rd, 2020 at 10:30 am EST: https://etsu.zoom.us/j/930834118
You can follow this link for a brief introduction to my research topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gygLI1d30gE
Let me know if you have any questions. I've heard that the switch to online platforms for a thesis defense is a dilemma that many colleges are facing.
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Thank you all for the encouragement! The defense went well, and I was able to graduate with my Master's on time. I took the recording of the 2 hour event and summarized it in a 25 minute video! Here is the link if you are interested:
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Will there be a return to suburbia after social distancing in city centres? From NY to Bombay how will people react to density and habitations after the tiny assassins take over us?
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In England, the smaller shops and farm shops have been making a big comeback during the pandemic. Hopefully they will continue to thrive. People who normally exercise have been trying to make the most of their outdoor exercise allowance as well as exercising at home, but also some people who don't normally have taken up some outdoor exercise. Hopefully this will continue as well. England is full of fast food takeaway restaurants like McDonalds and Burger King, but during the lockdown people have had to start cooking their own meals at home. Hopefully they will have enjoyed it and will continue to do so. The government have been encouraging building on our open spaces, and our fields and farmland have been disappearing very fast. Hopefully the government will now review this and see the importance of green space, not just for our health but also for the environment's health too. Hopefully they will give us more proper cycle lanes too so we can cycle more safely.
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Specifically, are there recommendations for numbers of days to cluster shifts?
Recommendations from CDC and OSHA only state "staggered shifts" but I cannot find guidance on clustering schedules.
We run a foodservice operation 7 days per week, and are looking at clustering schedules (i.e., 3 days on, 3 days off, 4 days on, 4 days off) and have divided each shift (early and late shifts) into two teams, given our reduced workload. If team A is on, team B is essentially on recall status, but on paid administrative leave, which reduces the likelihood that if one staff member becomes is exposed to the novel coronavirus, the entire shift may be quarantined. Cluster scheduling is one of the mechanism we are using to further social distancing efforts in the workplace.
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I have given some thoughts to how infection-incubation patterns and work schedules interact, and I have found
1) a practical answer comparing usual candidate scheduling schemes, like "every second day", "every second week"
This will enable you to pick up the optimal scheduling scheme for team A and team B
2) A general mathematical formula (simple and computable, though) for how the disease pattern and the scheduling scheme interact, and again a selection criterion for optimal scheduling of days worked for team A and team B on week1-week2-repeat.
I just need the time to write it in a short article, which I will publish tentatively tomorrow Monday.
Is it still of interest to you?
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The outbreak of the novel coronavirus, COVID-19, has been declared a pandemic by the WHO.
The structures of social contact critically determine the spread of the infection and, in the absence of vaccines, the control of these structures through large-scale social distancing measures appears to be the most effective means of mitigation. Here use an age-structured SIR model with social contact matrices obtained from surveys and Bayesian imputation to study the progress of the COVID-19 epidemic in India. The basic reproductive ratio R_0 and its time-dependent generalization are computed based on case data, age distribution and social contact structure. The impact of social distancing measures - workplace non-attendance, school closure, lockdown - and their efficacy with duration is then investigated. A three-week lockdown is found insufficient to prevent a resurgence and, instead, protocols of sustained lockdown with periodic relaxation are suggested. Forecasts are provided for the reduction in age-structured morbidity and mortality as a result of these measures. The study underlines the importance of age and social contact structures in assessing the country-specific impact of mitigatory social distancing.
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Yes.
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Is your ‘field research’ interrupted due to COVID-19 pandemic? Do you want to learn from the experience of those who are managing to undertake crucial data collection with limited tools and resources? Well, then join us for a lively discussion with a promising set of panellists at 14:00 IST on 30 April 2020!
Promising speakers:
Please do register for this promising Webinar, even if you can't join live so that we can send you the output of the Webinar.
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It may be difficult for schools to resume immediately after the lockdown period as a result of the emphasis on social distancing rules, following the Covid-19 pandemic?
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School will only resume after proper preventive measures have been put in place or when a permanent cure for the disease is produced, but there is high possibility that school will resume anytime soon.
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Currently, as of March 24, 2020, social distancing is the only defense against the local and the global spread of the COVID-19 virus. The virus is spreading like a wildfire, because social distancing is contrary to the ethos of humankind. For this reason, COVID-19 is a war against humanity, and each and every person is a soldier. Not only are we fighting against this extraordinarily contagious affliction, we are also coping with maintaining a strong defense against it. Do you have a scientific and/or social opinion or a question about the discussion topic, which is "Social Distancing"?
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… The effectiveness and societal impact of quarantine and social distancing will depend on the credibility of public …
Lewnard, J. A., & Lo, N. C. (2020). Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19. The Lancet. Infectious diseases.
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As part of a public sociology class---and given the huge global "experiment" we are all part of with the COVID-19 health crisis, I'm facilitating a small team of undergrads on a new "rapid response" protocol. We are focussing on the "sociology and meaning of social distancing". We have found key background documents from 2009 and it is clear that the current policies are based on that work. However, we are now looking for any and all background materials----research, policy docs, analyses---that focus on the cross-cultural implications and IMPACT. Thanks for any leads, links, ideas, books etc
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Dear Jerry Husch,
It's really an interesting topic that you raised. I am from Global South - Nepal. I am really trying to analyze this terminology 'social distancing' from our cross-cultural perspective and it is very important to interpret it with sociological perspectives. The first and foremost is that 'social distancing' - it is purely a medical term which always brings an individual approach and focuses to the individual despite considering its other socio-cultural factors. During this COVID-19 pandemic - how the people of the society are treating the infected people is as being totally 'inhumane. Quarantine, self-isolation and social distancing are the major measures. however, these do not mean to be inhuman and isolating infected people totally from the society. Therefore, it needs to be thought through the human rights based approach as this brings holistic perspective. Despite of using term 'social distancing' it is very imperative to use maintaining 'physical distancing'. In South Asia, we have so many superstitions and malpractices like we have caste system mainly based on Hindu mythology as so - called 'lower people' who are termed as 'Dalits' are excluded from the society since many years. And, we do also have same cultures with persons with disabilities. Persons who have leprosy used to be wiped out from the society. During period, women are still kept out of the home for a week due to religious practices. In a short, all these bear kinds of negative social practices as 'social distancing. Hence, it needs to be re-defined...
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As the world continues to witness the ravaging effects of the Corona pandemic and as people, organisations and nation states hurry to find a cure, adopt social distancing measures and restrict movements and civil liberties/freedoms, researchers in a range of scientific disciplines are wondering what and how they can actually contribute. I am one within such a growing number of enthusiasts in this emerging Corona-related problem areas. I wonder 'what are these problem areas?'
I also wonder what types of research work will begin to emerge as a result of having identified some key problem areas. What new areas of study will we begin to see such that our knowledge and understanding of the virus that has caused the pandemic will be developed?
How (i.e. by using what types of methods) will we begin to ascertain the full impacts of the pandemic on people's lives, organisations and countries of various political, economic and socio-cultural orientations?
I am keen to gather a range of research perspectives, methods and potential categories on the Corona pandemic and new studies that will help to highlight the problem areas and through the use of appropriate methods help in facilitating a deeper understanding and knowledge of how we can help businesses, governments and people to bounce back from such adversity.
I also hope that the efforts will lead toward not only containing but eventually resolving the problems that the pandemic has caused to the daily ('normal') lives of people, the operational capacity of companies large and small and nation states (developed, developing or otherwise) around the world.
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There are events that reshape societies, from the language we use to the level of security and control we are used to. Corona falls into this category that reshapes societies, and may even have a greater impact. This global virus that keeps us in our homes actually changes the form of our relationship with political power, the outside world, and our relationships with others. Accordingly, it will have a serious impact on all knowledge in various fields .
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Due to social Distancing and other no gathering activities, what type of activities (Majorly Negative activities) has been under control due to complete lockdown.
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Строго соблюдать рекомендации специалистов.
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Many people agree with the claim that the COVID 19 pandemia is going to change our lives beyond social distancing measures. Impacts will probably differ among different dimensions of societies (culture, demography, socioeconomic structure, land tenure, etc.). There will probably be direct impacts that are easier to identify (social behaviour, sanitary strategies, markets, etc.). But what about cascading effects? Indirect effects are more difficult to pinpoint. Regarding Agriculture, the question I propose for discussion and scenario analysis (causal chain analysis?) is: "What could be the sequences of effects on agriculture in general and crop protection in particular?".
Some potential auxiliary questions:
a) Could consumers change demands regarding food security and quality? If so, what could be the (new) pressures on crop protection?
b) Could the world change prioirities? Dependent on continent, region, type of agricultural farming systems?
c) Could there be a shift on research and development agendas of funding agencies?
d) Brainstorming of ideas and/or other auxiliary questions.
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COVID 19 impact on Agriculture, especially Crop Protection
This might be informative also, Dr. Eduardo V. Trumper
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This question relates to the question, Is it possible to catch COVID-19 twice? Acquired immunity might slow the spread of COVID-19 or provide some protection from re-infection for those who survive the disease. The advantages of acquired immunity might be impaired if the rate of mutation, or the kinds of mutation, impair the advantages of acquired immunity.
A March 3, 2020 research article in the National Science Review considers mutation: On the origin and continuing evolution of SARS-CoV-2. The authors are: ang, Xiaolu and Wu, Changcheng and Li, Xiang and Song, Yuhe and Yao, Xinmin and Wu, Xinkai and Duan, Yuange and Zhang, Hong and Wang, Yirong and Qian, Zhaohui and Cui, Jie and Lu, Jia.
The article describes two major strain designated L and S. The authors infer that the S type is the ancestral version, and is less aggressive. The L type they said is more prevalent, about 70% than the S type, about 30%.
The public health advice to follow social distancing is directed to slowing the proliferation of the disease. But I wonder: might social distancing also impair the mutation rate of COVID-19? If slowing the mutation rate is beneficial, then social distancing has advantages in addition to slowing the spread of the disease. Do you know the epidemiology that relates to this question?
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Yes, it helps.
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Two questions about the COVID-19 pandemic.
First. Do you think that the statistics being released by your country’s health authorities are [unreliable], [somewhat reliable] or [quite reliable]?
Second. Has your country (or municipality, etc.) adopted any kind of social distancing as a procedure to combat the COVID-19 pandemic?
I’m a Brazilian biologist and writer. I write about science and would like to know the opinion of colleagues from other countries (from any field of scientific knowledge).
My own analysis of the statistics for March leads me to say that the pandemic is losing strength (on a global scale). For details, see ‘Initial Evidence That the COVID-19 Pandemic May Be Weakening’ (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340438940_Initial_Evidence_That_the_COVID-19_Pandemic_May_Be_Weakening).
[The previous discussion – ‘The driver of biological evolution: genetics or ecology?’ – is here https://www.researchgate.n