Science topic

Social Capital - Science topic

In sociology, social capital is the expected collective or economic benefits derived from the preferential treatment and cooperation between individuals and groups. Although different social sciences emphasize different aspects of social capital, they tend to share the core idea "that social networks have value".
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Publications related to Social Capital (10,000)
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The Education and Learning Capital Model (ELCM), based on the Actiotope Model of Giftedness was used as a framework to explain the current practices dedicated to serve gifted education. This article addresses the status quo of gifted education in Oman according to the ELDM. The model comprised ten components including action learning capital, econo...
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Australian regional communities are changing. The combined impact of out-migration and ageing populations means that the capacity of regional communities to function as they traditionally have is challenged. In this context, volunteer effort remains a vital part of building community resilience and social capital. Yet, volunteering per se is under...
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This study aimed to examine the effect of financial Literacy and social Media on micro capital through financial technology. This type of research is explanatory/associative, accompanied by hypothesis testing. The unit of analysis of this research is the Creative Industry Sector in East Java, with a population of 376 creative industries. The number...
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The Greek island of Lesvos is a holiday destination that became the main entry point for forced migrants to Europe during 2015 and 2016. These circumstances of disruptive societal change are used as the basis for developing a causal and dynamic model that creates public value in institutional voids. The clash between a holiday location and a humani...
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A restless and dynamic intellectual landscape has taken hold in the field of spatial social network studies, given the increasingly attention towards fine-scale human dynamics in this urbanizing and mobile world. The measuring parameters of such dramatic growth of the literature include scientific outputs, domain categories, major journals, countri...
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Understanding the nature and scope of existing social capital is essential to building the resilience of people living in vulnerable urban settings. This paper explores the question of how aid organisations can better utilise social capital to build the resilience of communities in slums. It specifically examines the relationship between social cap...
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It is well known that green urban commons enhance mental and physical well-being and improve local biodiversity. We aim to investigate how these outcomes are related in an urban system and which variables are associated with better outcomes. We model the outcomes of an urban common—box gardening—by applying the Social-Ecological Systems (SES) frame...
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Relatively little is known about how born-global companies (BGs) innovate abroad during their lifecycle or about how the international innovation activities of BGs are related to their social capital. The network concepts of relational, structural, and cognitive social capital are almost completely neglected in the international business literature...
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Social capital is a critical glue for economic and social development in urban areas. Yet, to effectively guide research and practice, there is a need for careful measurement of social capital and how it links to important aspects of urban system functions. This study is aimed at examining the multi-dimensional nature of social capital and the rela...
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The vast majority of research on social media use (SMU) is focused on its negative effects while often disregarding that it can also help adolescents form and maintain a network of social relations and support. This study explores the possibility of predicting SMU intensity based on peer attachment dimensions (Trust, Communication, Alienation) and...
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Background Social capital theory conceptualizes accessed status (the socioeconomic status of social contacts) as interpersonal resources that generate positive health returns, while social cost theory suggests that accessed status can harm health due to the sociopsychological costs of generating and maintaining these relationships. Evidence for bot...
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This study empirically examines the effects of self-reported health on housing tenure decisions of Indigenous Australians. Using longitudinal data drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey covering 2001-2019, we use indicators of housing tenure decisions that reflect home ownership and transitions from renting...
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The classical music sector faces an urgent challenge as increasing numbers of performance graduates struggle to establish themselves as full-time professional musicians. In part, this situation relates to narrow higher music education curricula that do not sufficiently prepare musicians for the precarious and non-linear careers that characterize mu...
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Trust is a valuable resource that varies between countries. This paper suggests that consumers’ trust in retailers and service providers, facilitating interactions and transactions between sellers and buyers in impersonal markets, is best understood as generalized trust. The paper is based on 28 037 respondents’ evaluations of consumer conditions i...
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Background and aims: Floorball training induces positive effects on health among untrained older adults. However, the effect of long-term participation (>2 years) in floorball training among elderly males has not been investigated. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of 5 years of floorball training on risk factors for lifestyle...
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Young people who are placed in out-of-home care are amongst the most vulnerable in our community. Removed from or rejected by their families, they must learn to live with carers who may be strangers. They may have experienced the trauma of abuse or neglect. Post care, they may experience further social isolation and marginalisation due to limited s...
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The Indian Sundarban is one of the most vulnerable eco-regions of the world and its vulnerability has increased manifold in the last two decades. Despite the insecurities and risks, people do not always migrate and often prefer to stay back by adjusting their lives and livelihood. This article explores the practice of immobility and the process of...
Conference Paper
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Os sites de redes sociais (SRS) são hoje ferramentas usadas para conectar pessoas. Apesar de taxas mais baixas de pessoas com mais de 50 anos que utilizam as redes sociais online (Vosner et al., 2016), em particular, em Portugal (Cardoso et al., 2015), despontam estudos em vários contextos que assinalam a crescente relevância dessas redes nos senio...
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The concept of trust is not new in philosophy; it has been used in different times and epoch, first as transactional virtue in The Republic of Plato and multilateral virtue in Aristotle's Habituation Ethics as essential commodity in the formulation of friendship as brotherhood. In John Dewey's Democracy and Education, trust is the value that indivi...
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In China, it is critical to help older adults cope with depression due to the emerging impacts of factors such as increased life expectancy and the “one-child” family planning policy. Meanwhile, differences in retirement age have different effects on health in older adults of different gender. The relationship of gender differences in social capita...
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Theoretically and empirically, the transformation of social networks into social capital is made possible by the interplay between social relationships, social interactions, shared network values, some similarities, network norms, network sanctions and benefits primarily at the informal level between social actors who are connected and collectively...
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Subjective wellbeing (happiness or life satisfaction) has become a fundamental goal in assessing social progress. However, given the limited understanding of the drivers of SWB in the context of India, formulating public policy has been difficult. The current study attempted to address this difficulty by examining social capital, or a particular ty...
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This paper investigates the impact of human capital, social capital, career planning behavior, protean career orientation and core self-evaluations on students’ academic and life satisfaction in China, with the mediation effect of perceived employability and moderation effect of perceived labor market conditions. Data were collected by distributing...
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The Lake Toba area has been recognized for its beauty and the government's territory has been designated as a strategic area, national tourism. From various tourist destinations on the Lake Toba area is the most famous city in Parapat and Lake Toba is in great demand by visitors to Lake Toba with 3 (three) tourism components, namely natural lake to...
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Based on Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and secondary data analysis, this paper is to analyse the impacts of the activity of the forest protection contract on the local livelihood and management of biodiversity resource in Cat Tien National Park (CTNP). The results show that the activity of the forest protection contracts contributed to rising...
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Background While a large body of research has documented socioeconomic and migrant inequities in the effective use of healthcare services, the reasons underlying such inequities are yet to be fully understood. This study assesses the interplay between racial discrimination and socioeconomic position, as conceptualised by Bourdieu, and their contrib...
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Background People’s potentials to seek health information can be affected by their social context, such as their social networks and the resources provided through those social networks. In the past decades, the concept of social capital has been widely used in the health realm to indicate people’s social context. However, not many such studies wer...
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Although studies of social networks in family businesses have proliferated into a sizable literature, the research remains fragmented into disparate strands that lack theoretical coherence. By applying an inductive coding process to 69 articles published in 29 high-impact journals from 1988 to 2020, this review summarizes, synthesizes, and highligh...
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Adolescents often create social relationships with their gaming peers who take on the role of offline friends and peer groups. Through collaboration and competition in the games, the social relationships of adolescents are becoming broader and thicker. Although this is a common phenomenon in online games, few studies have focused on the formation a...
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Introduction: The world is now in the process of passing on health to Non-communicable diseases, is a major cause of changes in the lifestyle of people. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between socioeconomic status of living environment and health related lifestyle. Methods: This study was performed on 1000 residents of 55...
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Unit human capital resources (HCRs) are positively associated with unit performance and developing them is vital to sustaining unit performance. Yet, extant research has focused primarily on formal human resource methods of developing individual and group capacities (e.g., training) and given lesser attention to on-the-job mechanisms and processes...
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Upon graduation, international students studying abroad often have to decide whether to stay local or return home. We investigate university graduates’ mobility from the perspective of social capital theory. An empirical study of mainland Chinese university students’ intention to remain in Hong Kong upon completion of their university studies was c...
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The unified accounting system is the prevailing system in all state institutions, and most of the private sector institutions. The main objective of establishing this system was to link the accounts of the economic unit with the national accounts, and this means that the system’s goal is to provide accounting information to one user who is the stat...
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In this article, we investigate the links between medical practice and expertise, on the one hand, and nationalist discourses, on the other, in the 2011 Egyptian uprising and the years that followed, which witnessed a consolidation of authoritarianism. We ask how it is that doctors, whose social capital in part rests on their being seen as “apoliti...
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Small and Medium-scale Enterprises (SMEs) are one of the driving forces for economic development by enhancing national production, creating income, employment, and mitigating poverty in any country. Social capital is defined as the total stock of relationships that an individual possesses. In the Sri Lankan context, much attention has not been paid...
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Study in hand is planned to dig out the important segment of society i.e. Demographic Dividend that is an accelerating force for socioeconomic development. Demographic Dividend is a situation in which working age population increased and dependency ratio is decreased. This working force is a human capital for any state, its meticulous utilization t...
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This paper examines entrepreneurship education within the sunshine of debates about the long run of the graduation school, the character of the MBA, with which management education is typically synonymous, and thus the links that need to be created between teaching and research. There is a growing focus on the general utility of entrepreneurship sk...
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Published in: Perspectivas: Revista Científica de la Universidad de Belgrano. ISSN: 2618-2246 // The present paper studies the relationship among two variables that are often used as indicators of development-GDP per capita, Human Development Index (HDI)-with respect to the five pillars of Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index (GSCI), namely N...
Chapter
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El presente capítulo presenta elementos del capital social y confianza en líderes del municipio de Granada, Antioquia, el cual tiene una fuerte influencia del conflicto armado, pero también se destacan sus procesos de emprendimiento y solidaridad. Se trabaja una investigación cualitativa desde un análisis descriptivo, con una muestra de once lídere...
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How to protect the ecological environment is an important international issue for achieving the sustainable development goals. Using survey data of 2628 farmers in 52 administrative villages in 13 prefecture-level cities of the China Land Economic Survey in 2020, probit and multinomial logistic regression models were used to explore the influence o...
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This article examines who volunteers for humanitarian organizations as compared to volunteering for other organizations versus people not volunteering, in the Netherlands. Using high-quality survey data (N = 5,050), we depart from a classic theoretical resource-based approach to study what forms of resources play a role in the likelihood to volunte...
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Background In the wake of the severe impact of COVID-19 on the food security of the vulnerable groups in rural areas, the issue of how to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals 2 aims to “Zero Hunger” (SDG 2) and ensure the food safety of farmers has drawn unprecedented attention. Nutritional intake is generally used as an important indicator to...
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ESG frameworks have progressively become central in economic and policy choices. This is why it is of utmost importance to build a shared and accepted framework to define what we really mean by ESG overcoming the “minimalist” Do Not Significantly Harm (DNSH) principle and moving toward the full achievement of the more ambitious substantial contribu...
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Committed social workers are significant to organizational performance and service quality; therefore, it is crucial to explore the contributing factors of turnover intention to enhance social workers’ commitment. To reduce social workers’ turnover intention, this study used the first national survey data (N = 5620) of social workers in China to fi...
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Low levels of social interaction across class lines have generated widespread concern 1–4 and are associated with worse outcomes, such as lower rates of upward income mobility 4–7 . Here we analyse the determinants of cross-class interaction using data from Facebook, building on the analysis in our companion paper ⁷ . We show that about half of the...
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The special features displayed by family firms characterize and shape their family social capital and make them unique. The participation of both the family and the firm creates distinctive resources and capabilities in the family firm. As new generations arrive, opposing forces begin to shake the firm, and while some embrace change others expect t...
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We have designed a platform to aid people with motor disabilities to be part of digital environments, in order to create digitally and socially inclusive activities that promote their quality of life. To evaluate in depth the impact of the platform on social inclusion indicators across patients with various motor disabilities, we constructed a ques...
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Social capital—the strength of an individual’s social network and community—has been identified as a potential determinant of outcomes ranging from education to health1–8. However, efforts to understand what types of social capital matter for these outcomes have been hindered by a lack of social network data. Here, in the first of a pair of papers9...
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Jogo Tonggo-a social activity from, by, and for the community based on local wisdom, is initiated by the Central Java Provincial Government to anticipate the negative implications of COVID-19 on the health, social and economic sectors. However, in practice, the role of formal key figures (Babinsa, Babinkamtibmas, and Village Midwives) and non-forma...
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The green economy (GE) concept is believed to have the ability to turn natural resources into wealth in a sustainable manner. As a result, the GE concept is viewed as a magic key to the attainment of sustainable development goals (SDGs). This study aims to identify and evaluate the critical factors in GE practices. Based on literature review and in...
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The aim of the study is to examine the role of social capital in the formation of mobile financialservice users’ adoptive behaviours toward service providers in the context of the financialtechnological regime of Ghana. The study used a total of 417 sample data from a self-administeredquestionnaire to achieve its objectives. Structural equation mod...
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Though autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits are associated with depression, it is unclear if school social capital mediates their association. We examined whether school social capital mediates the association between ASD traits and depression, and moderation effect of sex on the mediation effect among adolescents in a general population sample (1...
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Background: Dietary diversity is very critical for fetal growth and development, as well as for the health and wellbeing of the mother. In Ethiopia, 41% of pregnant mothers consume diversified diets. There has been no study assessing whether pregnant women in southwest Ethiopia consume a varied diet. Objective: To estimate the proportion of adeq...
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The current study aims to explore how different owners and investors use digitalcrowdfunding platforms for advertisement and selection of different projects. This connection enhances the number of effective projects and attracts the attention of various entrepreneurs for investment. This research examines the direct impact of the crowdfunding digit...
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Aging is the foremost challenge in recent times, given the demographic shift in populations across the world. It implies the costs of healthcare burden and involves economic and social security challenges through shortage of labor supply, consumption–saving paradox, increase in expenditure on healthcare, and most importantly, social capital among t...
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The study constructs a theoretical model of social capital, farm household financing, and scale operation and their environmental effects, and conducts an empirical test based on data from China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) which is conducted in 2018 using causal mediation analysis. The results showed that farmers who spent more on human interaction...
Article
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Previous studies have indicated that social capital and locus of control influence mental health. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of social capital and locus of control on perceived physical and mental health in the general Japanese population during the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to conduct a cross-sectional study, in 2021, three thousand...
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The present study investigated the configuration effect of human capital, social capital, and psychological capital on job performance. The human capital questionnaire, social capital scale, psychological capital scale, and job performance scale were used to survey 458 employees. Results revealed that four antecedent configurations could achieve hi...
Book
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Edited Volume, Aug 2022, pre-order here: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/183982879X Informal networks can be a major obstacle to the effectiveness of managers. At the same time though, they can enable and facilitate business activities and support the efficiency and effectiveness of managerial actions. Since informal ties and networks can have...
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Although stakeholder participation in place branding is actively encouraged, there has been a paucity of studies examining why uneven involvement persists in practice. This study builds on Bourdieu's theory of field and capital to explain how stakeholders from the local state, destinations, businesses and local communities negotiate influence and l...
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Purpose We examined multidimensional, heterogeneous reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic and associated measures to provide further insights into the developmental processes of risk and adaptation. Method We used three-wave questionnaire data from 8156 individuals participating in the Norwegian County Public Health Survey assessed 1–5 months before...
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The present paper considers the main constraints and opportunities in the construction of girls’ educational projects in Kyrgyzstan in relation to their subjective well-being from the intergenerational perspective. Today children have got new educational opportunities brought by various social transformations; at the same time, they come across new...
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This study aims to examine how the users’ engagement with health information benefits their well-being and to demonstrate the underlying mechanism of the relationships through bonding and bridging social capital. An online survey was conducted with 522 WeChat users in China. Structural equation modeling using the maximum likelihood of estimation wa...
Preprint
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Effective leadership ecosystem coordinates capacities, collaborations, and contributions in school-community contexts to develop social capital, support, and positive attitudes for inclusive education practice and implementation. As global institutions and policies encourage countries to redistribute and promote education access, quality and equity...
Article
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Community forests are defined as forests that grow on private land and are managed by farmers on a small scale. Most of the community forests in Indonesia are managed by farmers, who mostly use social capital in community forest management. Understanding social capital of farmers in managing community forests is important to empower them. This rese...
Article
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The key objective of this study is to analyze the moderating effect of farmers’ attitude between the resources of farmer and poverty incidence in rural areas. For this purpose, 650 small farmers were selected through the stratified random sampling technique and face to face interviews were conducted by using a structured questionnaire for data coll...