Science topics: PharmacologySmoke
Science topic

Smoke - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Smoke, and find Smoke experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Smoke (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
Distribution of PM0.1 , PM1 and PM2.5 particle-and gas-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during the 2019 normal, partial and strong haze periods at a background location in southern Thailand were investigated to understand the behaviors and carcinogenic risks. PM 1 was the predominant component, during partial and strong haze periods, account...
Article
Full-text available
Background Because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, preoperative screenings for COVID-19 infection are often performed in many institutions. Some patients are diagnosed with COVID-19 infection by antigen tests or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing for COVID-19, even if they have no symptoms, such as fever or respiratory sym...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cigarette smoke is a major public health concern. Epigenetic aging may be an important pathway by which exposure to cigarette smoke affects health. However, little is known about how exposure to smoke at different life stages affects epigenetic aging, especially in older adults. This study examines how three epigenetic aging measures (Gr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Whether cigarette smoking affects the heart post-myocardial infarction (MI) in a sex-dependent way remains controversial. Using a mouse model, we investigated cardiac remodeling under the influence of acute cigarette smoke (CS) exposure following ischemic injury in both sexes. Methods Ten cigarettes were smoked twice daily for 2 weeks f...
Article
Full-text available
The atmosphere contains a diverse reservoir of microbes but the sources and factors contributing to microbial aerosol variability are not well constrained. To advance understanding of microbial emissions in wildfire smoke, we used unmanned aircraft systems to analyze the aerosols above high-intensity forest fires in the western United States. Our r...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Although male Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) patients have higher Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission rates and a worse disease course, a comprehensive analysis of female and male ICU survival and underlying factors such as comorbidities, risk factors, and/or anti-infection/inflammatory therapy administration...
Article
Full-text available
Background Underage smoking and drinking are public health issues in Vanuatu. This study aims to describe the behavior, knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of parents, siblings, and peers regarding smoking and drinking among urban and rural public-school students in Vanuatu. Methods This cross-sectional study included 358 students (urban, 217; r...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes 3 million deaths each year, yet 38% of COPD patients continue to smoke. Despite proof of effectiveness and universal guideline recommendations, smoking cessation interventions are underused in practice. We sought to develop an infographic featuring personalized biomedical risk assessmen...
Article
Full-text available
Reindeer meat, traditional food and knowledge are vital for the culture, health, and economy of Sámi reindeer herders. Nevertheless, the practices of reindeer meat smoking have barely been part of scientific research or reindeer herding management. We investigated Sámi reindeer herders’ approach to meat smoking in Northern Norway performed in the t...
Article
Full-text available
Alternative fuels have gained much attention as petroleum reserves are exhausted and there are growing environmental concerns. Biodiesel is one of the renewable fuels and is accounted for as a promising alternative to fossil fuels. An experiment study has been conducted to investigate the influence of alumina nanoparticles (Al2O3) in the Mahua biod...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, the effects of soybean biodiesel (SB)–diesel blends containing 1% strontium (Sr) doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) on the performance and emission parameters of a variable compression ratio (VCR) engine were investigated. To make the fuel blends, 25% soybean biodiesel (SB25) was added to the diesel. To improve the ble...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy is of public health concern, and understanding the biological mechanisms can help to promote smoking cessation campaigns. This non-systematic review focuses on the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring’s epigenome, consistent in chemical modifications of the genome that...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fire causes severe economic and ecological damage each year. Timely detection of forest fire in the early stage could effectively avoid possible disaster which requires efficient smoke recognition instead of fire identification. However, the appearance of smoke might share similarity with the background which makes accurate smoke detection d...
Article
Full-text available
People living with chronic disease (PLWCD) are the frailest category, both for the risk of severe COVID-19 illness and for the impact on the care continuum. Aim of this study was to analyze coping strategies and resilience in people living with HIV (PLWH) compared to people living with oncological diseases (PLWOD) during COVID-19 pandemic. We admin...
Article
Full-text available
Welding automation is one of the highly applied research that receives a lot of interest from scientists as well as application engineers in the industry. The welding task can be tedious for the workers; health affected by chemical smoke; or activity performed in a human restricted area. However, at present, manual teaching using Tech-pendant and o...
Article
Full-text available
Non-parametric, additive models are able to capture complex data dependencies in a flexible, yet interpretable way. However, choosing the format of the additive components often requires non-trivial data exploration. Here, as an alternative, we propose PrAda-net, a one-hidden-layer neural network, trained with proximal gradient descent and adaptive...
Article
Full-text available
The utilisation of biochar, the carbon negative product of pyrolysis, reduces the carbon footprint of the cementitious composites as it possesses the potential to replace the consumption of Portland cement. In a systematic investigation, biochar was used as a partial cement replacement for up to 20 wt% in both cement pastes and mortars. A comprehen...
Article
Full-text available
M.N.) † These authors contributed equally to this work. Abstract: Vineyard exposure to wildfire smoke can taint grapes and wine. To understand the impact of this taint, it is imperative that the analytical methods used are accurate and precise. This study compared the variance across nine commercial and research laboratories following quantitative...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary A river of smoke from multiple wildfires was sampled far downwind and served as a natural laboratory for evaluating sources of nitrous acid (HONO) in aged wildfire smoke. HONO photolysis is an important source of reactive oxidants that initiate chemical transformations of wildfire emissions. We demonstrate that sources of HON...
Article
Full-text available
Smoking has negative reproductive consequences. This study investigated the effect of smoking cessation on the main semen parameters. We included 90 participants who applied to our infertility clinic and smoked at least 20 cigarettes a day for at least 1 year. Of the 90 participants, 48 were in the study group and 42 were in the control group. Seme...
Article
Full-text available
We aim to explore the combined effects of the smoking and breastfeeding on offspring mental health outcomes. We used data from UK biobank (N = 342,846) to evaluate joint effect of breastfeeding and maternal smoke during pregnancy (MSDP) on seven adult offspring mental health outcomes (self-reported depression, depression score, self-reported anxiet...
Article
Full-text available
The exhaust gas recirculation technique has proven a better solution to reduce NOx emission in diesel engines. EGR method is taken for the study to investigate the engine behavior on its performance and emissions. The paper the performance characteristics such as brake thermal efficiency(BTE),volumetric efficiency(η vol), exhaust gas temperature(EG...
Article
Full-text available
The exhaust gas recirculation technique has proven a better solution to reduce NOx emission in diesel engines. EGR method is taken for the study to investigate the engine behavior on its combustion and emissions. In this paper the combustion characteristics such as heat release rate (HRR), cylinder pressures, the exhaust gas emissions such as CO, C...
Article
Full-text available
This work aims to offer a mathematical model for two-phase flow that investigates the interaction of Casson nanofluid and dust particles across a stretching surface. MHD Darcy–Forchheimer porous medium and Fourier’s law through Cattaneo–Christove thermal flux are also considered. The governing equations for the two phases model are partial differen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the past decade, visible light communication (VLC) technology has received increasing attention for numerous applications, including for indoor visible light positioning (VLP). The transmission medium for indoor VLP systems in industrial environments could include smoke particles, oil vapors, water mist, and industrial fumes. This work investiga...
Article
Full-text available
We use the Weather Research and Forecasting with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) model with new implementations of GOES-16 wildfire emissions and plume rise based on fire radiative power (FRP) to interpret aerosol observations during the 2019 NASA-NOAA FIREX-AQ field campaign and perform model evaluations. We compare simulated aerosol concentrations and optic...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial pathogens may be present in different types of foods, and hence the development of novel methods to assure consumers' safeness is of great interest. Molecular methods are known to provide sensitive and rapid results; however, they are typically targeted approaches. In recent years, the advent of non-targeted approaches based on next-gener...
Article
Full-text available
Fire and smoke object detection is of great significance due to the extreme destructive power of fire disasters. Most of the existing methods, whether traditional computer vision-based models with sensors or deep learning-based models have circumscribed application scenes with relatively poor detection speed and accuracy. This means seldom taking s...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Having good healthy habits and making physical activity a lifestyle is everyone’s dream. Along with improving the quality of life and physical activity, it is expected to affect a person’s body age, hydration level, and fat percentage. Methods. This research is an analytic observational study conducted with a cross sectional approach....
Article
Full-text available
Background Whether abstinence from smoking among cancer patients reduces cancer pain is still unclear. Opioids can act as a surrogate index for evaluating the incidence of severe cancer pain in countries where opioid abuse is infrequent. This study aimed to investigate whether changed smoking behavior after cancer diagnosis influences the incidence...
Article
Full-text available
Critical velocity is very important for smoke control in longitudinally ventilated subway tunnel fires. Numerical investigations are conducted in this paper to study the impacts of metro train blockages on critical velocity in sloping subway tunnel fires by using fire dynamics simulator (FDS) tunnel models validated with the field-experiment data....
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have shown the efficacy of smoking cessation interventions. However, some challenges, such as relapse rates, remain. The availability of information technologies (ICTs) offers promising opportunities to address such challenges. The aim of this paper is to describe the protocol followed to assess the efficacy of a face-to-face cogni...
Article
Full-text available
Densified Pinus sylvestris wood was prepared via densification treatment at different compression pressures, and the flame retardancy and heat-insulating property of the resulting densified Pinus sylvestris wood are investigated by various analytical methods. The results verify that the densification treatment has a negligible effect on the composi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Image matting refers to predicting the alpha values of unknown foreground areas from natural images. Prior methods have focused on propagating alpha values from known to unknown regions. However, not all natural images have a specifically known foreground. Images of transparent objects, like glass, smoke, web, etc., have less or no known foreground...
Article
Full-text available
Background Smokers directly inhale mainstream cigarette smoke, which contains numerous known and potential toxic substances, and thus, smoking is expected to have broad harmful effects that cause tissue injury and dysfunction. Interestingly, many studies have suggested that the recent decline in female fertility and increased rate of spontaneous ab...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic waste and air pollution are becoming a great concern due to their adverse effect on human health and the environment. There is increasing number of evidence showing that recycling plastic and filtering harmful air pollutants are one of the most effective and promising way to eliminate their hazard on the environment. In this purpose, we dev...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and Aims: When attempting to stop smoking, discrete smoking events (‘lapses’) are strongly associated with a return to regular smoking (‘relapse’). No study has yet pooled the psychological and contextual antecedents of lapse incidence, captured in Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis ai...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing deterrents improves the thermal stability of nitrocellulose of propellant surface, but is accompanied with inevitable problems, such as migration, residue, smoke flame, and so on. In this paper, sodium carboxymethyl function groups were chemically grafted to nitrocellulose molecular chains by reaction of denitration and following etheri...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of pollution control on industrial production efficiency in 31 provinces and cities in the Yellow River and Non-Yellow River basins in China from 2013 to 2017, using the methods of the directional distance function (hereinafter referred to as DDF) and the technology gap ratio (hereinafter referred...
Article
Full-text available
The engineering vehicle detection is a key issue for the raw material warehouse scenes. Through the engineering vehicle detection, the working conditions of engineering vehicles in the raw material warehouse can be intelligently managed to prevent large-scale smoke pollution and the danger of smoke and dust. In this paper, we propose an intelligent...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Recent research claimed that cannabidiol (CBD) in commercial electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) liquids can be converted into psychotropic amounts of ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This study aims to validate this claim using a realistic e-cigarette setup. Additionally, this study also investigates if such a conversion may occur durin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
CT reports the most recent publications in the field of wildland fire, to include fire ecology, fire management, smoke, urban-interface, climate, fire safety, soils, wildlife, and more.
Article
Full-text available
Background and aim Smoking is one of the most important causes of socioeconomic disparities in morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine if beliefs about harms of smoking differed across gender, smoking status and education among Norwegian adults born between 1899 and 1969. Methods Using data from a nationally representative su...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine the trace element composition and the toxic metal residues in Galician cow’s milk cheese produced in different systems (artisan, industrial, and organic). Fourteen elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, I, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, and Zn) were determined in 58 representative samples of Galician cheeses by indu...
Article
Full-text available
Nattokinase (NK), known as a potent fibrinolytic and antithrombotic agent, has been shown to have antiatherosclerotic and lipid-lowering effects. However, data on human clinical studies are limited. In this clinical study involving 1062 participants, our objective was to examine the efficacy of NK in atherosclerosis and hyperlipidemia and safety at...
Article
Full-text available
Background Effective school-based programs for preventing substance abuse offer considerable public health potential. Yet limited class time and uneven implementation fidelity can be barriers to widespread adoption and high-quality implementation. A hybrid digital approach may be effective and help address these barriers. Objective To evaluate the...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was conducted in the high schools of Dhaka city to determine the tendency of smoking among school-going adolescent in Dhaka city, and to identify the factors that influence their habit to initiate smoking. The chosen methodology is quantitative, non-experimental descriptive type of cross-sectional study. Data have collected from s...
Article
Full-text available
Objective A range of risk factors in occupational environments can negatively affect the sleep of workers. Although psychosocial factors have been emphasized in various studies, few have reported on the relationship between physical or chemical exposure in the workplace and sleep disturbances. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the relationship...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Smokers with financial and food insecurity may find it difficult to quit smoking and reduce their children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE). The objective was to examine the associations between child TSE and financial and food insecurity among U.S. school-aged children. Methods: We examined the 2018-2019 National Survey of Children's...
Article
Full-text available
Earth's lower ionosphere is the region where terrestrial weather and space weather come together. Here, between 60 and 100 km altitude, solar radiation governs the diurnal cycle of the ionized species. This altitude range is also the place where nanometre-sized dust particles, recondensed from ablated meteoric material, exist and interact with free...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyze the association between health literacy and the adherence to the pharmacological treatment of Brazilians with arterial hypertension. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 234 participants who responded an on-line sociodemographic and clinical characterization questionnaire, in addition to evaluation of health literacy and of...
Article
Full-text available
The Covid-19 pandemic is related to increased alcohol consumption and smoking. These behaviors may be related to several sociodemographic, behavioral and mental health factors. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking with sociodemographic, behavioral and mental health characteristi...
Article
Full-text available
Palm oil from the mesocarp of the oil palm fruit is the most produced vegetable oil in the world. There is a widespread speculation that palm oil is being adulterated for the sole purpose of profit maximization due to increase in its use. This study aims to characterize the quality of palm oil by determining some physicochemical and pharmacological...
Article
Full-text available
Texture is a relevant parameter for the assessment of cured ham's quality. In this study a rapid on-line instrumental technique for the measurement of the texture of pieces of cured smoked ham intended for sale as “Speck Alto Adige” PGI was developed. Speck samples were subjected to a compression test using a portable Shore A tester, and instrument...
Article
Full-text available
The depleting fossil fuel reserves, rising air pollution, technology transformation threat, and most recently, global economic slowdown by the COVID-19 pandemic, led the internal combustion engine-based automotive industries in a critical condition. The development of improved biofuels to meet stringent emission norms is a promising solution. Highe...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure of tobacco and alcohol consumption in media and filmmaking has been related to promotion of smoking and drinking in adults. Current regulation aims to restrict tobacco and alcohol advertising in order to avoid alcohol consumption and smoking habits. We aimed to assess the impact of smoking and drinking habits in video-on-demand services. T...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescence is a transitional period of physical and mental development that develops between childhood and adulthood. This change includes biological , social, and psychological changes. The study has tried to establish the need for adolescent health services in Pakistan. The study was designed to determine perspective of adolescents regarding nee...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Thyroid eye disease (TED), an autoimmune orbital disorder, follows a time-of-onset bimodal peak: 40–44 and 60–64 years for women, 45–49 and 65–69 years for men. TED, however, can also commence in old age. The study’s purpose was to evaluate TED in octo- and nonagenarians. Methods Medical records of 19 ≥ 80 years geriatric patients at time...