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Smart Home - Science topic

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The main features of smart homes/buildings include real-time monitoring, remote control, safety from intruders, gas/fire alarm, and so on. Because sensitive and private information is managed within smart homes/buildings, security and privacy solutions must be put in place in order to protect users/businesses' data against violation attempts as well as to guarantee the provision of reliable services. To this end, rules—in the form of policies—associated with the smart home/building resources must be defined and correctly enforced by means of a robust framework for handling the huge amount of IoT data managed.
Source: Sicari, S., Rizzardi, A., Miorandi, D. and Coen-Porisini, A. Securing the smart home: A real case study, Internet Technology Letters, 2018; 1:e22. https://doi.org/10.1002/itl2.22
N. Panwar, S. Sharma, G. Wang, S. Mehrotra, and N. Venkatasubramanian, “Verifiable round-robin scheme for smart homes,” in Proceedings of the Ninth ACM Conference on Data and Application Security and Privacy, CODASPY ’19, pp. 49–60, 2019.
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This work has presented an intelligent home automation system based on IoT technologies, cloud computing, and a machine learning algorithm. The home automation system allows remote and local control of the home via an Android-based mobile application. The system controls electrical home appliances, monitors environmental conditions through temperature, humidity, and light sensors, and ensures home security through a motion sensor and an IoT camera. The system makes intelligent decisions to automatically turn ON or OFF lights and allow the user to view a picture of the person captured by the camera and decide whether to save it. The system is scalable, and the application allows additional appliances with an extra configured point, simply named outlet in our work. Also, the mobile application uses a real-time cloud database to record data gathered. It also displays the trend of the readings graphically on the screen of the mobile application. These data can be analyzed and used for future prediction. The next phase of the work will be to use a dataset of several real-life images captured by the camera from the system or sourced from relevant datasets in the field of home automation and train a machine learning algorithm to classify them so that the system could differentiate between an intruder and the home occupants. Also, we plan to enhance the system such that the user will only receive captured images of an intruder, and other captured images will be saved in real-time into the cloud-based database of the system. This will remove the limitation on the encumbrance of a load of images on the mobile application. In addition, machine learning will also be used to enhance the PIR sensor’s performance to differentiate between an animal, the occupant, and an intruder. This will reduce the notification from the PIR sensor to the user. The machine learning algorithm will also be applied to classify detected images to work with several occupants and a larger data set of intruders.
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The data set needed
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Here you can find some datasets for greenhouse
Read this paper also, the authors used a public archive of the Australian Government dataset.
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What are advantages of smart factories?
I've recently published the following article in the Korea Times.
And how do you feel about smart factories? Please be as specific as possible when expressing your comments.
What are advantages of smart factories?
Humanity has come a long way from its earliest traces of civilization. Through industrialization, advancement has been brought to the world like never before. The introduction of human labor and later on machines were heightened to a great emphasis, being the main fuel of the economy. Manufacturing became a core concept in terms of civilization during the height of capitalism; a necessity in providing for the needs of citizens in terms of products, services and jobs among others. It is probably right to say that humanity's current habits revolve around the whims and ways of capitalism. Despite the fact that humanity has highly benefited from different stages of industrialization, it has also revealed how it can be perilous and detrimental to citizens throughout the years in different aspects. One of the dangers that capitalism and intensive labor pose toward workers would be the tendency of burnout from excessive and inhumane workloads. Burnout can also come from repetitive tasks, whereas humans are naturally inclined to look for new things to explore and experience from time to time. More so, labor workers also frequently encounter the risks of unjust labor treatment, particularly in relation to wages, benefits and regulations. Amid the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) technology during the current Industrial Revolution (IR), the same issues regarding the negative sides of labor and capitalism maintain their prevalence. This is where the idea of smart factories enters. In the simplest sense, a smart factory is a manufacturing site wherein the traditional workload is combined with smart machinery powered by huge data and technological systems. Smart factories are factories that are highly improved, innovated, and advanced, branching out as a contribution of IR 4.0. One of the great benefits that smart factories introduce would be the ability to shorten the duration and costs of operations in manufacturing. This is because it is highly flexible in adapting with the usual processes that happen in the factory through the means of storage and analysis of huge data. In doing so, the manufacturing processes became more efficient and effective, lessening the workload that employees are usually tasked with. A smart factory provides for the reduction of manufacturing process times and costs by adapting and optimizing operations as well as storing and analyzing vast amounts of data in real time. This leads to a more flexible, efficient, and autonomous production by encouraging workers to focus on improving processes rather than on mundane jobs, resulting in high value. Smart factories gradually gear up society for IR 5.0, with the goal of creating a people-centered economy rather than a task-centric economy. As smart factories aim to lessen the workloads of human workers, it allows them to have more time for other fundamental things that comprise their lives, other than their jobs and careers. Smart factories give hope for individuals to have more time for recreation and leisure, as well as time spent with family, friends, and meeting new individuals instead of working for eight hours straight. A smart factory strategy does not equate to a total replacement and retrenchment of employees with machines. Rather, it would employ the fusion of the work and effort of both humans and smart technology-powered machines. It adapts a system that is highly-digitalized wherein real-time data is optimized. Smart machines or smart robots can be programmed with repetitive and routine tasks that are usually compiled by the human workforce. Simply put, it brings forth a workplace and lifestyle for individuals that is both sustainable and humane. It is well known that the height of capitalism involves intense competition within and outside of firms and companies. With that being said, the utilization of smart factories and artificial intelligence allows the opportunity for robots to be those involved in the competitions instead of relying on humans. This can be done in the way that smart robots will be mainly responsible for the heavy processes done during production. Thus, they will be liable for the quality of the manufactured goods which are the foundation of a company's competency compared to other companies. In turn, this would relieve the human workforce from the added pressure that is embedded in the production process for the obvious reasons that they are held responsible for the product quality and output. Through smart robots, quality products and their output can be made, which will be the basis for the reputation of the company's name. External influences such as the macroeconomy and the pressure it places on a firm and its employees can play a significant role in fostering a toxic workplace. Smart factories give us a chance to save humanity and society by providing a realistic, attainable and considerate alternative for the people. Such an approach would provide the steps for a healthier and more sustainable lifestyle for humans in terms of realigning their relationship with work. Lastly, it promotes a society that looks out for the well-being of its citizens, instead of looking at them as mere workers. Rushan Ziatdinov (ziatdinov.rushan@gmail.com) is a professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering at Keimyung University, Daegu.
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Smart factories optimize efficiency and productivity by extending the capabilities of both manufacturing devices and people. By focusing on creating an agile, iterative production process through data collection, smart factories can aid decision-making processes with stronger evidence. https://tulip.co/glossary/what-is-a-smart-factory-and-what-it-means-for-you/
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I want to simulate and test different type of situation in an IoT based smart home system. Hence I need some suggestions of suitable software to experience the environment virtually. Following that, I would like to implement too.
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The development of smart cities is a part of the broader concept of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the use of modern, innovative information technologies and in addition to ecology.
In this way, the development of smart cities also improves people's lives and can make people happier.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
Please reply
Best wishes
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the impact and the main lessons learned on the topic of the implementation of the smart city by maximizing its skill level "in situ" would be the crucial element in the construction of an "elegant city", and the Technologies would be considered as tools that would allow their interaction with users. What do the results obtained mean about the role of Smart Cities within "urban development"? The example of digital strategy in Vitoria / Gasteiz [BASQUE COUNTRY] with the development of its "CIOP urban platform" is good proof. For any Today's "worth its salt" city, the roadmap to becoming a Smart City is in itself a "long journey", which inevitably begins with recognizing the need for a "sustainable environment".
Cfr.
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Today's hostels are experiencing an increase in noise pollution.
Smart house technologies have been introduced to make homes more ecologically friendly. Can these technologies be applied to our hostels so that rooms that play loud music have their meters turned off when the loudness reaches a certain level? Do you have any suggestions?
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The word "smart" is related to innovation, artificial intelligence, remote access to smart computerized systems, the Internet of Things, cloud computing, data processing and access to equipment for buildings, factories, etc. from mobile devices equipped with access to the Internet and other technologies of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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In recent years, building intelligent IT systems managing complex production, logistics, smart city processes, etc. involves the implementation of artificial intelligence technology, learning machines and other Industry 4.0 technologies. Recently, the process of improving the construction and management of digital twin systems has also become another area in which smart technologies can be used.
I invite you to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Authors, Reviewers, Readers or Partners
I am working on writing a paper about the title below, I am looking for researchers who would like to join me to complete this paper and publish in the ISI journal.
Whoever finds himself desiring to join contact me:
survey on energy - efficient smart home load forecasting technics
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This seems to be an interesting topic.
All the best with your work.
Regards,
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It will be a great opportunity to share thoughts and research findings on aging and elderly smart healthcare.
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Ali Mansour Al-madani Alhassan Alharbi @Zeyad Abdulhameed Ahmed
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What technologies dominate in the development of urban agglomerations according to the concept of smart-ecology sustainable development cities?
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Dear Debrayan Bravo Hidalgo,
Thank you very much for the proposal of an interesting publication entitled Smart and sustainable cities and buildings. Yes, the subject of this publication can, to a large extent, be a significant substantive contribution to our discussion on the issues of: smart ecology sustainable development cities.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What communication technologies are used in low-power, low-bandwidth smart home networks(ZigBee, WiFi HaLow,BLE, ANT, and Z-Wave wireless technology)?
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Hi dear,
You can find some explanation in the paper below. A brief comparison between Wireless Communication Technologies provided.
(PDF) An Overview of Routing Techniques in WSNs (researchgate.net)
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Dear Sir/Madam,
I would like to see if anyone is interested in collaborating on some research papers. I work in the fields of SMART GRID, SMART BUILDINGS, OPTIMIZATION, and ENERGY MANAGEMENT.
If you are interested, could you send me a private text, please?
Thanks,
have a nice day!
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Many thanks for giving us the open invitation. I am interested to collaborate with you in the said area.
Looking forward to hearing from you soon
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Today, there are different smart "things" such as smart cities, smart services, smart products smart homes, etc. So, what is smart data ? What is the difference between smart data and big data ? and How smart data supports smart "things"?
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According to many sources, 'smart' is a characteristic of (e.g. problem solving) behavior, which is not only performed that way, but is also recognized (e.g. by the actors of an environment) as such. Having this in mind, it it not a heterodoxy to ask what does the adjective 'smart' means in the context of data? Do we assume that data behave or perform dexterously on their own? It would imply that they are active - but they are not. Smart cities, smart services, smart products, smart homes, etc. are entities that (are supposed to) behave in a way, which may be referred to as smart. Philosophers would say that smartness is not a disposition of data (i.e. the quantities, characters, or symbols on which operations are performed by humans and computers). The question is excellent, but the answer is worth considering.
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I'm starting a research which aims to build Domain Specific Langauge (DSL) for users automation for smart home for example. Any suggestions about tools used to build such langauges, features that should be in these automations?
Thanks in advance..
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Dear Jeff, I recommend you to also look LUA tools. Best wishes with your work.
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In the last decade, boosting sustainability has been extensively studied in developing countries and developing societies. According to many works of literature, many attempts strive to achieve sustainability's main goals. Moreover, in Paris Conference Agreement in 2015, a decision to low the harmful gas emissions and low the earth's temperature by 2° C had been made.
I was astonished while working on my research paper in the following link:
As I found out, developing countries already have possibilities and opportunities to boost and achieve its targeting goals. At least the 17 goals that UN was determined. Although it is obvious that boosting sustainability is too hard for these contexts, I really seek to know why?
This is a well-recognized issue that necessitates a better approach toward figuring suitable solutions. Perhaps one of the first questions to arise is: How can we boost sustainability in Developing Countries?
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Good question
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Dear Colleagues,
The Internet of Things (IoT) and smart home technologies are growing at a rapid speed today. It is estimated that 75 billion IoT devices will be connected by 2025. An IoT device contains a microcontroller, sensors, wireless transceiver, and power management circuits. Using high-capacity batteries, super/ultra-capacitors, or energy harvesting technology, the IoT device must run from several weeks to several years. Low-power design is one of the highest priorities in designing IoT and smart home devices. To fulfill the low power goal, the designers of IoT devices must pay attention to selecting low power hardware components, utilizing power down modes in firmware, and energy harvesting for recharging the battery.
This Special Issue aims to collect original research or review articles on IoT and smart home applications with low-power hardware and software design in mind. Applications in environment monitoring, wearable devices for health monitoring, home automation, and using machine learning for sensor data analysis will be considered.
Dr. Tareq Khan Guest Editor
Keywords
Internet Of Things
Smart home
Sensors
Wireless transceiver
Embedded systems
Machine learning
Low-power design
Wearable devices
Environment monitoring
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Is this Scopus or Sci
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Hello.
I would like to know if smart HVAC is the same as measuring temperature and Humidity or there is a clear explanation on this as I am working on a smart HVAC system as part of a smart home.
Regards,
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In a smart HVAC system for home not for a building, the system should provide (1) monitoring by smart devices and web browsers, (2) room-wise temperature/humidity control, (3) smart/remote metering, (4) energy saving and scheduling, (5) remote boiler and AC maintenance and (6) smart ventilation control. Adopting IoT sensors are an option but will allow easier implementation.
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Dear researchers, could you please help me with my question?
I would like to know how I can run multiple optimizations in one program...?
All the optimizations are the same in terms of variables, parameters, and sets but with different input data. The input data are being read from some mxn matrices. The number of optimizations is m. The output of each optimization is supposed to be returned in an mx1 matrix and the variables in some mxn matrices. Therefore, I wrote the objective function equation like this:
obj(m).. cost(m) =e= sum(n, f(m,n)) ;
However, it doesn't work and returns this error:
148 Dimension different - The symbol is referenced with more/less indices as declared
I even tried loop but it didn't work.
Any solution is appreciated. Thanks in advance.
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Dear Hooman,
I think you can use the "loop" as this form:
obj.. cost =e= sum(n, a(n)*p(n)) ; %%% f(n)= a(n)*p(n)
loop(m,
a(n)=m*... or a(n)=a_m(m,n) , ...
Solve min/max cost,...
cost_m(m)=cost.l; , ....
);
Best regards;
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I am Ammar Hameed Shnain, a graduate researcher of Information Technology (IT) at Universiti Utara Malaysia. I humbly request the renown researchers who are experts enough to verify the developed theoretical model in my current research. The model attempts at investigating the Influential Factors on Intention To use Smart home services among the Elderly. Besides, I would like to validate the constructed questionnaire to carry out my research.
I would be much grateful for any assistance you may supply.
Regards
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Smart home services among the Elderly is a recent and important topic. i can help u
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In domestic field, washing machine and dishwasher loads are categorized as controllable- shiftable loads.
Nowadays, what are most known published works on this topic?
In particular, what is the most effective approach in formulating such kind of loads?
What are the most effective algorithms which are able to schedule in real time the cycle of such loads without assuming to know a priori the future energy demand?
What are is the most common objective function used by a training (optimization) algorithm?
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In reality, the metering infrastructure at LV level is limited and they're expensive. Therefore, any practical optimization algorithm has to work with the limited data. This could be one of the reasons why we still prefer rule based control. But prediction based optimal control such as MPC is gaining momentum at least in research fields. I don't know how long it will take for those technologies to get adapted in large scale.
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I am planning to develop a methodology to analyse electric energy consumption based on user's behaviour and environment. Therefore I am looking for a tool that generate appliance level consumption data along with the user activities going on and environmental data that affect consumption (like doors and windows state, outside temperature, occupants' presence and location, etc.)
I have an idea about Simulink and DesignBuilder. But Simulink simulates appliances consumption regardless of users's behaviour and occupants presence, and DesignBiulder generates whole-house consumption data.
So do you have an idea of a tool that may serve my purposes?
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Hi
Our simulator will do that: Imran Mahmood, Quair-tul-ain, Hasan Arshad Nasir, Fahad Javed and José A. Aguado, "A Hierarchical Multi-Resolution Agent Based Modeling and Simulation Framework for Household Electricity Demand Profile", SIMULATION: Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International, April 2020.
Let me know if you need more details
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Is the competencies of the clever grid, smart homes, and its combined with IoT components in other public utilities, including roadways, sewage, and water transport can make a contribution to greater included and useful infrastructure, particularly in towns?
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I agree with Dr. Mustafa
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Dear all,
I am intending to construct a questionnaire as a part of my PhD study to measure the intention to use smart home services base on IoT among the elderly. As I know, constructing a new questionnaire requires some tests to conduct, including reliability and validity tests. However, the term validity is confusing for me and I am not sure about its importance. Do I really need to conduct a questionnaire validity?
I would be much grateful for any assistance you may supply.
Regards
Ammar Hameed shnain
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بشكل مختصر
الموثوقية
تعني هل تعبر الأسئلة فعلا عن الحالة
الصلاحية
في حالة استخدم هذه الأسئلة في عينات آخر تعطي نفس النتائج
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In the context of vertical industry, security demands could vary significantly among services. For instance, the mobile Internet of Things (IoT) devices requires lightweight security while high-speed mobile services demand high efficient mobile security. The network-based hop-by-hop security approach may not be efficient enough to build differentiated end-to-end (E2E) security for different services. As IoT is gaining momentum, more people will be able to remotely operate or "talk" to networked devices, for instance, instructing facilities at a smart home to get up. Therefore, there is a need for more stringent authentication method to prevent unauthorized access to IoT devices.
Now, what are the permanent authentication methods the could be to prevent unauthorized access to IoT devices?
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Combining 5G with IoT is the target agreed on by everyone.
And like any new technique, it will come with many security and privacy issues, but many solutions have been suggested. Some recent ones are listed below:
Please take in consideration that with 5G+IoT new paradigm of problems will arise which requires new types of solutions that includes blockchain, physical layer security, cross layer security solutions.
Best Regards
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Industry 4.0 has been partially defined by its use of machine-to-machine communication and Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices to create factories that operate like smart homes: an array of appliances and machines are brought into constant communication in order to create a cohesive, highly visible system. Logistics 4.0 operates under these same principles, but with a different set of component parts. Specifically, it makes use of “smart” containers, vehicles, pallets, and transport systems in order to create a fully networked supply stream that offers supply chain managers, shippers, freight forwarders, and others the necessary visibility to route transport and perform other logistics tasks in an optimal way. The concepts of Logistics 4.0 are becoming popular as logistics management evolves. Industry 4.0 impacts the corporate world through digitization both horizontal and vertical supply chains, products, services, business models, and customer relations.
How much this will affect the Third-Party Logistics (3PL) providers?
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through block chain and AI the security , speed and accuracy of information sharing will be key element of i4.0 in 3PL..
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I am a research student and working on human behavior modeling. I am looking for dataset that follows these properties :
1. Dataset should be collected from one resident living alone in a smart home
2. If possible, the data should be already labeled or semi-labeled for activity recognition algorithms
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I'm sorry, I do not know that topic.
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What if we can know when a space/zone in a building is occupied (time, duration, preferences among others)? Will that information help the building mangers to improve occupant comfort?
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Additional Clarification: Spatial entropy can be dependent on different variables. The most important one is occupants. The entropy changes can vary based on how many occupants are in the given space and for how long. It is important to design controls based on occupant factor to maximize comfort.
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Smart Home Systems is a hot topic for research nowadays and many smart home gadgets are already available which have a wide range of smart features. However, the gadgets available in market (for instance Amazon's Alexa based devices) are too much expensive for people living in 3rd world countries.
Is it possible to build a smart home system for people with limited budgets so that they can enjoy some basic features of home automation?
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Attached is the link to get low cost smart home gadgets
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Please give now existing or built examples of cities, agglomerations or city districts, small towns that operate within the concept of smart cities and in accordance with the principles of sustainable pro-ecological development?
Please reply
Best wishes
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I guess many cities in China can be ranked in top among the smart cities in the world. Recently, Dubai is making huge progress in case smart city development. Dubai is expected to launch fully autonomous vehicles/ public transports withing 2025. Moreover, Dubai police stations are fully automated
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In the 21st century, in connection with the technological development and the need to develop cities according to the green economy concept, including sustainable pro-ecological development, is it possible or will be to build a fully autonomously energetically and ecologically, economically self-sufficient smart city?
Please reply
Best wishes
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I guess it is not entirely possible to build a fully automated smart city. There are certain issues which can be only performed by humans. Hence, autonomous systems can only be used to a certain limit.
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  • A 3D Open Source Smart Home Simulator..
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Hello,
Could someone please recommend specific smart home devices for security-related MQTT experiments, such as cameras, switches, smart lights, access routers etc? If you could also recommend commercial devices for simulating traffic lights I will be very grateful.
Thank you.
Luis
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Advantech, a global specialist in the data acquisition market, has announced that all its devices already support the MQTT protocol. Advantech offers a full range of ready-made solutions for MQTT, such as the WebAccess software platform, the WISE-4000 wireless sensor nodes and the Wzzard mesh I / O modules such as the ADAM-3600 remote terminal and the Ethernet E modules. / S ADAM-6000, the protocol gateway ECU-1152 and the SmartSwarm 300 cellular IoT gateway all suitable for a wide range of commercial and industrial applications. Advantech IoT devices, specifically the products of the WISE-4000 and ADAM-6000 series, can be directly connected to the cloud or ERP / MES systems and communicate through the MQTT protocol without the need for a gateway or converter.
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Hello,
What IoT devices would you recommend for MQTT experiments? Further recommendations on Smart home devices or simulators for security-related MQTT experiments will also be appreciated.
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I would recommend to start from Raspberry Pi, the most popular. The Pi is definitely one of the easiest ways to get started with IoT and to build different prototypes. But for anything more serious like commercial or industrial products Pi is not the best choice.
I recommend to read the book "Building the Web of Things" with good example of implementation simple IoT system on Rasp Pi from A to Z, from hardware connection to user application accessed through the cloud.
You can configure your device with MQTT or CoAP (Chapter 7 in the book) and test security using Kali Linux toolkit or something else.
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How will the technique of building infrastructure of cities and metropolises change due to the ongoing global warming process?
Does the development of smart city technology and ecological innovations, renewable energy sources, etc., ie the dissemination of sustainable pro-ecological development of cities and metropolises, facilitate the process of settling new environments in connection with the ongoing global warming process?
What kind of new environments did the people experience when fleeing from the drained continents? Probably if the end of the twenty-first century due to the progressive procesm global warming average temperature of the Earth's surface to increase by 3-4 degrees Celsius to most areas in tropical, subtropical and temperate some of the areas will not be suitable for survival. People will have to emigrate to the arctic regions.
In addition, technologies for colonizing new environments should be developed. Perhaps in a few decades new cities will be built underground, at the bottom of the seas and oceans, in Earth's orbit and possibly also on the Moon and on Mars if humanity in the next several decades will properly modernize the space travel technique and colonize the possible planets in our System sunlight.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How will human civilization change in a few decades due to the ongoing global warming process?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Still the population density is higher in the inland plains, as compared to the hilly terrains
Frances L. Bekele
Maa'm
Coal is one of the major causes of dirty air, global warming and of climate change.
Globally, Air pollution contributes to the death of estimated 7 million people each year.
According to a Bulletin of the World Health Organization of year 2019, around 80% of air pollution in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, is due to burning of around 600000 tonnes of raw coal by households, during winter months as temperatures drops up to −40 °C here, and the, health and environment officer at the WHO Mongolia office quoted that “There is really no affordable alternative in terms of clean fuel”.
According to UNICEF, the respiratory infections have increased at a rate of 270% over the last 10 years there.
So people are already dying at places due to this accelerated anthropogenic climate change,
And it is unjust to migrate to another habitable place after abandoning the one already polluted by us.
So we must come up with the environmentally sound, sustainable solutions and policies to tackle these issues.
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In China, entire metropolises are built according to the plan of sustainable smart cities. An example is Shenzen, which over 30 years ago was a small village and is now a modern metropolis. In addition, other cities of this type are planned to be built from scratch in the next 30 years. Some of these metropolises, which are currently planned for construction, are to be almost completely autonomous in terms of energy and in terms of food supply. These new pro-ecological metropolises, planned as smart city cities, contain many greenery and include crop fields and solar power plants at the periphery.
Please reply
Best wishes
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Is technology corporations strengthening their dominance over entire communities of users of technological devices through technology development?
Will the risk of hackers taking control of various information technology devices, including smart city, increase in the future?
Will the risk of public and state security increase if the hackers take control over the majority of devices connected to the Internet?
Will cybercrime and cyber security change its character in connection with the development of smart city information technologies, including smart home, smart devices?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
I described the problem of cybercrime in publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Of course as the data increases, the security will decrease
So when the data will continue traveling through different technology , the security will be affected since different and huge number of people will benefit or use this data,
this will also affect the data's correctness
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What features and new technologies will be used in smart homes in the future?
Will intelligent homes in the future meet the objectives of environmentally-friendly sustainable development?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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I think that will provide a more sedentary lifestyle
It will depend on environmentally friendly energy and more environmentally friendly devices. in addition to revolution in waste recycling equipment and purification of water and air.
Regards.
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I want to implement Ambient intelligence in my research with a prime focus on Smart home automation. Is ambient intelligence is quite same as Context awareness or machine learning? I want to design a system which makes automated decisions based on environment information (data) and user behaviors.
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Ambient aware systems are aware of their surrounding and the presence of people. Context aware systems can be location awareness, time of the day awareness or other. If the context is the surrounding, ambient and context aware are the same. However there is no clear distinction in the literature. Machine Learning refers to systems that can learn rules from data without being explicitly programmed. Context aware or ambient systems might be using machine learning, but not necessarily. May be this is of interest:
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I am conducting research on Intelligent Energy management with specific attention to modern 'smart homes' using artificial intelligence algorithms.But,i couldn't find any dataset covering electricity consumption of entire home appliances like: A/C units, ventilation (HRV) unit, dishwasher, refrigerator, and freezer.I have seen some papers using sensors to extract the data in real homes. But the datasets are not available online.
Thank you.
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Dear Muhammad Ali,
some ideas for intelligent energy management can be found in literature sources, which I have listed in my answers.
For my answers see:
Best regards
Anatol Badach
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I am interested in finding out about field studies involving energy savings in households using Smart Home technologies such as smart thermostats, smart plugs, window/door contacts, and so forth. Does anyone know of such case studies?
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Thank you for your suggestion, Hamed Ghiasi Rad.
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What makes the new technology of the electric springs more effective than the common voltage stabilizer at the load level
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The STATCOM regulates the voltage of the controlled bus. In this case, the overall loads connected to the controlled bus are to be compensated by the STATCOM. With an ES, the voltage reaching the terminals of the NCL is sacrificed for regulating the bus voltage by which the CL is supplied. Therefore, the overall regulation requirements placed on the ES is low in comparison with the STATCOM. Good luck
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The statistical based approaches can be HMM or non parametric Cumulative sum algorithm but i am not able to understand how to implement these ideas.
Any help would be highly appreciated.
Thanks
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Obviously, smart grid technology is growing fast. Its contribution to energy efficiency and sustainability is undeniable. I would like to see deep in to it, what it is like, what advantages and disadvantages it might have. Dear RG members and researchers, you are welcome to to provide any reasonable comment on the topic under question.
Samuel Lakew
University of Nottingham
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Smart grids are designed to:
1) Reduce the electricity demand load on the utility grid during daily peak demand periods.
2) Support renewable energy generation via distributed energy systems (DES) wind turbine farms, solar PV, concentrated solar power (CSP), and fuel cells stations.
3) Create independence of the utility grids in remote areas.
Accordingly, I'd say that market penetration by large-scale renewable energy systems relies on the presence of smart grids as well as distributed energy storage (DES) to offset the incompetency of renewable sources such as wind turbines, solar PV, CSP, etc.
Please feel free to download my lecture notes from the "Green Energy Systems" course that I developed and taught at Yale University. You can find these lecture notes and publications under my profile in ResearchGate.net.
Hope this helps answer your question and good luck.
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With respect to the network anomaly detection in smart home environments and using machine learning? Such like small dataset needed for training? Few labeled training data needed?
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Hey,
maybe a 1-SVM (one-class SVM) can help. The 1-SVM is a semi-supervised anomaly detector. You have data that is classified as "normal" and the goal is to find the unlabled anomalies. By setting an SVM for only one class, all the anomalies will be on the other side of the hyperplane which constraints the normal class, thus identifying the anomalies. After finding those anomalies you can analize the features. Support vector machines usually work fine with small datasets.
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may anybody help me with activity detection and prediction in smart home?
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Dear Malihe Erfanmanesh,
I have some works associated with activity recognition using wearable sensor data. In my papers, I have achieved state-of-the-art results. I think you can found good ideas and directions to future works in these works:
"Human Activity Recognition Based on Wearable Sensor Data: A Standardization of the State-of-the-Art"
"Latent hypernet: Exploring all Layers from Convolutional Neural Networks"
"Novel Approaches to Human Activity Recognition based on Accelerometer Data"
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I really appreciate if you provide me an ideas and supporting research papers links ...
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I am looking for an example feed-in-tariff which is released by any goverment to encourage users for battery installation to consume self-generated electricity in smart homes.
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Dear friends, colleagues, and professors,
I am interested in become familiar with electrification process in different countries. As I read, in some countries, such as Sweden, householders have this option to buy energy from different retailers and the maintenance/reinforcement of distribution network is done by distribution system operators. In this regards, how is distribution network loss allocated among consumers and/or retailers? 
Thank you for sharing your experience from different regions of the globe.
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The situation in Australia is similar. The generators produce electricity - from coal. oil, gas, wind, solar etc., add their on-costs and sell it to the transmission company and make a profit. The transmission company distributes the electricity to various substations, adds its costs, sells it to a distribution company, and makes a profit. The distribution company distributes the electricity to end users, adds its cost and sells the distributed energy to retail 'resellers'. The resellers often have no idea at all what electricity is but charge the end users as much as they can for it, and make a profit. And people wonder why the electricity prices here are among the highest in the world . . .
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In response to a question from a researcher about smart home/kitchen, I pointed out, in passing, that a "smart tv" can  keep track of what we are viewing and even listen to what we are saying. Of course it is not the TV that is interested  in your viewing habits and preferences but the service provider. Lest we forget, Orwell's 1984 is very much alive in the age of the Internet. I am keeping my distance from smart tv. What about you?  What are your thoughts given that many home devices will have IoT ( Internet of things) connectivity?
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Yes, I am fully aware of that -- think of cookies, for example. I use VPN, to the extent that they are effective in reducing " spying".
Samsung has actually pointed to the fact that its smart TV could be used to include infringement of your privacy. Please see:
I leave it to the reader to decide if s(he) wants to believe the source I cite.
For now, take care.
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hope to get more ideas how to interior designer and manufacturer can convert your house with smart kitchen and home improvement
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Do check the innovative smart home kitchen and bath products showcased by Kohler in at CES 2018. Those look pretty amazing
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in order to record the behavior of a smart home .
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look for linksmart platfrom
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I am working on wireless sensor network to manage energy in a smart home using LoRa technology. I'm to execute this project using LoRa which is very new to me. If anyone has done a project using LoRa technology before, the person should just help me out with materials, tutorials and links because I dont know where and how to start with LoRa.
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I am to come up with a network design, capable of collecting relevant information about appliances energy usage in a smart home and simulate it with OMNeT++ and Castalia framework.
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NS3 has many modules which may be useful for the communication part. However, there is no direct WSN module. If you are good in C++ coding you must be able to manage.
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i want to find the transportation consumption in Sri Lanka by the units of passenger km
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The units of passenger km are a measure for distance traveled, and not the transportation resources consumed by passengers. Identify the mode of transportation (bicycle, scooter, bus, rickshaw, automobile, etc) assign a weight, and gather data on km traveled to determine the transportation consumption.
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intelligent energy management solutions for distributed resources? smart grids?
Connection of 20,000 smart home solutions and distributed energy sources to the smart grid is planned by 2020
What do you think?
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It's very interesting!  it's a shame we can not do it here!
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In many applications we must detect anomaly in data gathered from the behavior of an agent for example in a smart home with some simple sensors. so, is deep learning method useful for this type of problems, and for detect anomalies?
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Thank you Ronald, very helpful and complete information
cheers
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I am looking for examples of buildings or interiors which are designed specifically to accommodate or hinder the propagation of wireless communication signals. I know of a few cases, such as the Herzog&de Meuron's Signal Box Auf dem Wolf or the NSA headquarters, but I suspect there might be some lesser known applications and solutions that are more complex than blocking signals entirely. 
Thank you for any thoughts, information you can give.
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We usualy calculate CLTD acording to range of temperatures during a day in order to calculate the cooling load of the buildings. Are there another new way to calculate the cooling load of the buildings? 
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Thank you Bellos and Roulet. I am thankful for both of you 
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I wanted to get some assistance regarding the above topic. I am to design and implement a water leak detector system for home use as part of a water usage management system. The system must 
1. Detect a leak
2. Interface with a control system so that the smart meter can be automatically shut down remotely
Please advice on the projects relation to the use of telemetry for implementation and how one should/would go about it.
Thank you
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Hello,
Is there any simulation tool for the communication in smart home? I need a simulator for transmission data between gateways , sensors and any other devices.
thanks in advance
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Nowadays, Smart Homes are very famous for implementing the Smart Communities. 
Consequently, there are emerging Advanced Smart Home Energy Management System rapidly. 
Warmly welcome for your comments and opinions on the role of Smart Energy Meters in it. 
In addition, I would like to know the maximum number of Smart Energy Meters? And how should we install?
Regards,
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Benefits are too many.
But, I just have one concern regarding the maximum (wireless radiation) permissible exposure limit (of 610 µW/cm2) to be followed and tested by smart meter manufacturing industries.
As, we can only talk about the limitations and disadvantages after using it for a decade.
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I was searching for a system/architecture that includes a smart meter as well as several smart plugs distributed in the home. In particular interesting would be how such a system integrates smart appliances into the HEMS
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If you are interesting in monitoring the breakers of the power centre (which would be a good option for load >15A) I have used DENT's PowerScout 24 (http://www.dentinstruments.com/power-meter?-md) with is a multi-circuit power meter. I have used DENT's meters to create my AMPds dataset (http://ampds.org) and other datasets.
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I am a research student and working on Smart City project. I am looking for dataset that adhere following properties.
1. Dataset should be at least from two (preferably more) sources/domains e.g. the smart phone, smart home and smart car.
2. I am looking specifically individual level data in each case, Also the data should be dependent across sources/domains.
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Hi Aditya
have you found the vehicles data?
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In Phase measurement Unit (PMU), we require sampling clock pulses of 1pps through GPS. How will I create this Time synchronization or 1pps in MATLAB??
How will I generate timing pulses in order of 1 microsecond/1pps in MATLAB?
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I need to define some scenarios for smart spaces. For example: 1-Lights are turned on when user enters the environment 2- Telephone starts to play messages automatically.
Is there any formal template, method or language for scenario definition in this context? 
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Thank you every one. I found a useful paper describing Scenario Markup Language for driving behavior studies. It has a good literature review on other scenario authoring languages for virtual environment. I thought it would be helpful for anyone having same question.
Gajananan, Kugamoorthy, et al. "An experimental space for conducting controlled driving behavior studies based on a multiuser networked 3D virtual environment and the Scenario Markup Language." Human-Machine Systems, IEEE Transactions on 43.4 (2013): 345-358.
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Which is the best load forecasting techniques based on load history?
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In my view Support Vector Machines (SVM) technique is the best
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If we have the only power demand curve of last one month then based on it can we predict the future power demand. if yes than please suggest the name of technique.   
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Hi Kumar,
We have used Artificial Neural Networks to predict the properties of HV insulation under thermal ageing until 5 thousands hours of ageing time) . In your case it's possible to use this method but you have to dispose of sufficient data. Take the statistics of last 10 years and study the variation of power demand for each month (January during the 10 years, and so for every month - because the demand is not the same in each season and all months) taking into consideration the human and industrial development factors. 
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As the earth or short circuit fault occur at any terminal of the circuit. How the value of the resistance decrease for Earth fault and short circuit. for example
Positive pole to ground: resistance variance from initial stage to final stage
Pole to pole:  resistance variance from initial stage to final stage
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On the ground on that big land mass to be considered as zero point and all parts of the ground connected to the ground potential or the potential to be ground zero.
Grounding is done for two reasons, one is the correct behavior of electrical systems, in other words the protection of electrical appliances (electric field) and the protection of people who are connected in some way with electric devices (protective earth).
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what are the information do you think that can be exchanged between smart meter and appliances in a home area network? Generally its a communication that ensures which are the appliances that are working and what is its power consumption.
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@sandeep. The alternative of the smart meter measuring various line quality parameters is that every appliance does it on its own and uses that information for its internal controls.
For demand side grid management a smart meter is an obvious choice for aggregating the information before forwarding it to the grid and/or to the appliances. The alternative is that each appliance, light fixture etc. has a connection to the grid's data feed and supplies information to the grid and takes commands from the grid to shed load or increase load to stabilise the grid.
Personally the meter acting as a bridge makes more sense as it reduces costs on the appliances.
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When looking at legislation changes to produce a better energy rating system (in Australia) is a prescriptive model, that requires a minimum standard to pass better or worse than that of a reward based model that sets a base model and gives additional marks for innovation and passive design? In terms of achieving higher sustainable energy efficiency within the residential housing scheme. Examples from what countries around the world are doing would be great.
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In Switzerland, both systems are applied: Minergie (ww.minergie.ch) gives a label on buildings that use less energy for heating, ventilating, cooling and hot water than a given limit (about 40 kWh/m², depending on the building use), and laws prescribe, among others, a limit to new and renovated buidings to heasting demand. In addition, these laws require that, in new and renovated buildigns, a given percentage of the hot water production be with renewable energy. 
In fact, both are efficient. More than 30'000 buildings got the  Minergie label, and this label became a reference. However, there are more than a million buildings in Switzerland, and  prescriptions are needed to generalize the building energy performance to the whole real estate business. When there were only rewards and subventions, only a minority of building owners applied measures to reduce the energy use. It was only when the laws were enforced that the energy performance of new and renovated buildings was significantly improved. 
In short: the reward may bring spectacular results for few buildings, while the prescriptions get acceptable results for the whole building stock.
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Is there any program for smart Home design.
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Dear, Vanessa Meloni Massara
is there any simulation program for this process to design its electronic circuit and automation process 
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I am interested in simulating/coding a typical smart home with HVAC, critical appliances, Electric vehicle and a rooftop solar PV system with battery connected to grid via Hybrid inverter all these are interconnected via a Energy managment system.  I want to implement a demand response algorithm and test it on considered smart home with detail appliance modeling, control logic implementation for economical and peak demand benefits comparision.
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Check these papers:
Conference Paper: Model-Predictive Energy Management for the Integration of Plug-In-Hybrid Electric Vehicles into Building Energy Systems
Bernhard Brendle, T. Hamacher, Markus Lienkamp, et al
SAE 2013 World Congress, Paper 2013-01-1443; 04/2013
Conference Paper: "Living and Mobility” - Minimization of the Overall Energy Consumption by Using Synergetic Effects and Predictive Information
Bernhard Brendle, Markus Lienkamp, Th. Hamacher, C. Wilhelm, et al
SAE World Congress 2012, Detroit, USA; 04/2012
Regards
Markus Lienkamp
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Dear all,
consider an administrative building with 15 zones on three floors, occupied only between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m. It has a central heating with a certain number of fan coils in each zone. It is possible to set air temperature for each zone (15 set points) and also temperature and flow of the incoming hot water (2 set points). There is a simple on/off regulation ensuring to follow the set points. Inside each zone, there is a sensor of presence and temperature (also relative humidity for some zones). Furthermore, there are also sensors of gas and electricity consumption. All those variables are stored centrally and set points can be set from the central control center. Local weather database is also available. My question is: for this special case, what could be an ICT based smart control scenario with highest potential benefits in terms of energy savings, costs savings, comfort maintenance, etc. For example, possible scenarios are heating start time optimization, model predictive control, reduction of night time set points, temperature compensated control, etc. Obviously, a certain amount of comfort should be satisfied especially for the daytime period. I am very interested in different ideas and opinions of people from different fields. I am especially interested in the highest upper-bound benefits (for example savings that can come if I have a perfect weather predictions and a perfect model of the building). Thank you for any comment.
Martin.
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Since you have only 2 set points for flow of incoming hot water, even a perfect weather prediction and a perfect building model can give a coarse control which will maintain room temperature within a band around the set temperature. Variable air volume control on top of hot water flow (assuming an arrangement of blower/fan with variable speed) can give a finer control where fan speed of each zone will be controlled based on weather data and building model. Finer control will naturally give savings in energy consumption in conjunction with utilization of occupancy sensors for stopping hot water flow.
Further, a little bit compromise (+ or - 0.50C) on thermal comfort can save a lot of energy due to exponential nature of the zone heating curve. This can be useful under certain circumstances like under peak demand constraint, by way of energy saving as well as cost saving by remaining within peak limit.