Science topics: MedicineSleep Medicine
Science topic

Sleep Medicine - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Sleep Medicine, and find Sleep Medicine experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Chapter
Full-text available
The term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) means the use of ventilatory support without the need to use an artificial route (everything orotracheal, nasotracheal, or tracheostomy tubes) to ventilate the patient. Instead, a face, oronasal and/or nasal mask is used to treat the ones who need this therapy. In sleep medicine, NIV through its interfaces is...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Factors affecting subjective perception of sleep are unclear but clinically important. We investigated the differences in subjective sleep perception of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and insomnia disorder (ID). MATERIAL AND METHODS From our Sleep Medicine Center database, 33 patients with OSA and 69 with ID were selected an...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in many developed countries, and several studies suggest that vitamin D plays an essential role in brain function. A recent study showed that vitamin D deficiency was closely associated with daytime sleepiness and shorter sleep time. The relationshipbetween vitamin D levels and calcium levels is well established, a...
Article
Full-text available
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a clinical disorder within the spectrum of sleep-related breathing disorders (SRDB) which is used to describe abnormal breathing during sleep resulting in gas exchange abnormalities and/or sleep disruption. OSA is a highly prevalent disorder with associated sequelae across multiple physical domains, overlapping with...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Oldest-old population is rapidly increasing in all countries, with many prescribed statin therapy. Statins are associated with multiple cardiovascular benefits at various ages. The benefits of statins above the age of 75 are being questioned. The objective of this study was to measure statins use among the oldest-old population, aged 80...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic offers a unique context and opportunity to investigate changes in healthcare professional perceptions towards the adoption of novel medical technologies, such as point-of-care technologies (POCTs). POCTs are a nascent technology that has experienced rapid growth as a result of COVID-19 due to their ability to increase healthca...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to provide a systematic review of reliability studies of the sleep–wake disorder diagnostic criteria of the international classifications used in sleep medicine. Electronic databases (ubMed (1946–2021) and Web of Science (—2021)) were searched up to December 2021 for studies computing the Cohen’s kappa coefficient of diag...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Infantile spasms (IS) is a type of severe epileptic encephalopathy that occurs in infancy and early childhood. IS is characterised clinically by epileptic spasms, often accompanied by sleep disorder and abnormal circadian rhythm. The endogenous circadian rhythm disorder, in turn, can make spasms worse. Melatonin has also been found to...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with sleep quality impairment and psychological distress, and the general public has responded to the pandemic and quarantine requirements in a variety of ways. We aimed to investigate whether sleep quality is low during a short-term (circuit break) quarantine restriction, and whether sleep quali...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: An episodic increase in transcutaneous carbon dioxide pressure (PtcCO2) is often recognized in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by overnight PtcCO2 monitoring. This phenomenon, called episodic nocturnal hypercapnia (eNH), mainly corresponds to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep-related hypoventilation. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep bruxism (SB) may appear concomitantly. Data on the relationship between OSA and SB are limited. It was shown that in a population with an increased risk of OSA, OSA was dependently correlated with SB on the degree of OSA severity only in mild and moderate cases of OSA. We aimed to confirm this relationship an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Continues positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is a gold standard treatment for moderate to severe cases of OSA (obstructive sleep apnea). The present research aimed to describe the analysis, design, and evaluation of a telemonitoring system to improve CPAP adherence in patients afflicted with OSA. Methods The telemonitoring system w...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The Respiratory Health Strategic Clinical Network (RHSCN) was launched to facilitate respiratory and sleep health through implementation of innovative, patient-centred, evidence-informed coordinated services in Alberta. In collaboration with project partners, the RHSCN aimed to determine the respiratory research priorities for Alberta....
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To construct a single-format questionnaire on sleep habits and mood before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in the general population. Methods: We constructed the Split Sleep Questionnaire (SSQ) after a literature search of sleep, mood, and lifestyle questionnaires, and after a group of sleep medicine experts proposed and assessed questionn...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale Despite increased recognition of sleep disordered breathing in hospitalized patients, studies are lacking on the impact of inpatient adherence with positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy on post-discharge adherence. Objectives To assess the predictive value of inpatient adherence to PAP therapy on post-discharge compliance and adherence....
Preprint
Full-text available
Backgrounds: Exercise is an attractive, widely accessible intervention to promote cardiovascular health; however, evidence that exercise improves brain health is sparse. Here, we hypothesized that aerobic exercise would improve brain health of sedentary older adults, as reflected by cognition health, sleep macro- and micro-architecture, and brain a...
Article
Full-text available
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder characterized by repetitive upper airway obstruction, intermittent hypoxemia, and recurrent awakenings during sleep. The most used treatment for this syndrome is a device that generates a positive airway pressure—Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), but it works continuously, whether o...
Article
Full-text available
The development of precision psychiatry is largely based on multi-module measurements from the molecular, cellular, and behavioral levels, which are integrated to assess neurocognitive performances and clinically observed psychopathology. Nevertheless, quantifying mental activities and functions accurately and continuously has been a major difficul...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mandibular Advancement Devices (MADs), inserted in non-surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), are used intra-orally during the sleep period, with the aim of promoting mandibular protrusion. The aim of the study is to analyze the changes in the upper airway after the use of an MAD in the treatment...
Article
Full-text available
Background Both obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) are common in the sleep laboratory. The severity of OSA can be improved by using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). However, increasing evidence has shown an elevated periodic limb movement index (PLMI) in patients with OSA who use CPAP, although the...
Article
Full-text available
Yisha Li,1 Ran Dai,2 Yeongjin Gwon,2 Stephen I Rennard,3 Barry J Make,4 Dinah Foer,5 Matthew J Strand,4 Erin Austin,6 Kendra A Young,1 John E Hokanson,1 Katherine A Pratte,7 Rebecca Conway,1 Gregory L Kinney1 On behalf of COPDGene investigators1Department of Epidemiology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA; 2Department...
Article
Full-text available
The need for diagnostic capabilities for sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and insomnia far exceeds the capacity of inpatient sleep laboratories. Some home monitoring systems omit electroencephalography (EEG) because trained personnel may be needed to apply EEG sensors. Since EEG is essential for the detailed evaluation of sleep, better systems s...
Article
Full-text available
The European Somnologist certification programme was developed by the European Sleep Research Society to improve patient care in sleep medicine by providing an independent evaluation of theoretical and practical knowledge. The examination of eligible experts plays a key role in this procedure. A process was started more than 15 years ago to create...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeUpper airway stimulation (UAS) is an innovative treatment for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). UAS titrations are performed 3 months after activation of the device to optimize its effectiveness. In general, these titrations are performed during an in-laboratory overnight polysomnography (PSG). However, overnight titrations are ex...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Hypertension is a major risk factor and cause of many non-communicable diseases in China. While there have been studies on various diet and lifestyle risk factors, we do not know whether sleep duration has an association to blood pressure in southwest China. This predictor is useful in low-resource rural settings. We examined the associat...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep bruxism (SB) is a repetitive jaw muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth, which is classified under sleep-related movement disorders in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders—Third Edition. Because the potential common pathomechanism of SB and arterial hypertension is the activation of the sympathetic...
Poster
Full-text available
Covid19 pandemic has led to an increase of digital innovations in healthcare, contactless health monitoring, data challenges, increased need for IT solutions and it all happened in the name of patient-centred medicine. Respiratory sleep medicine played a specific role driven by accelerated development in non-invasive lung ventilation, overloaded r...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To evaluate the sleep patterns among young West Balkan adults during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Design and setting Cross-sectional study conducted using an anonymous online questionnaire based on established sleep questionnaires Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) (February–August 2021)....
Article
Full-text available
Introduction An estimated twenty-five percent of American women are at high risk of having obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, male sex is the predominantly reported risk factor. Women are less likely to report “classic” symptoms such as snoring that prompt referral for sleep evaluation. This dichotomy potentially represents a disparity in clin...
Poster
Full-text available
Advances in™ Sleep Medicine: New Opportunities to Effectively Manage Patients with Idiopathic Hypersomnia
Article
Full-text available
The objectives of this empirical study are to describe and discuss the current literature available on the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and the socioeconomic position (SEP) as well as to provide recommendations for consideration of SEP in sleep medicine and biomedical research. Databases Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, Go...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetic foot is one of the most serious and painful chronic complications of diabetic patients, especially elderly diabetic patients. It has a high rate of death, disability and amputation. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a treatable chronic sleep disorder. Existing evidence suggests that OSA may promote the development and delay the healing of d...
Poster
Full-text available
Updates in Sleep Medicine: What You Should Know
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular advancement device (MAD) in reducing the intensity of sleep bruxism (SB) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Forty-eight adults with OSA were subjected to single-night full polysomnography (PSG) in the Sleep Laboratory of the Wrocla...
Poster
Full-text available
Dear Colleagues, It is our pleasure to present this Special Issue on “Physical Activity and Sleep Duration on Health” in the Applied Sciences journal. Sleep, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour are associated with a wide range of important health and developmental outcomes in children and adolescents. Sleep plays an important role in early...
Article
Full-text available
This case report concerns a patient with clinically diagnosed moderate-severe insomnia secondary to chronic lower back pain and sciatica, previously treated with hydrocodone, naproxen, cyclobenzaprine and nightly diazepam. He underwent a trial of 20 sessions of virtual reality neurofeedback therapy (VR-NFB) at infra-low frequency, and by the end of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Human pulmonary artery endothelial cells (HPAECs) isolated from patients with pulmonary hypertension exhibit anoikis resistant Sunita Subedi Paudel1,5, Navneet Singh6, Katherine Cox-Flaherty6, Mandy Pereira6, Elizabeth O. Harrington6, and Corey E. Ventetuolo6,7 , Troy Stevens1,4,5, Dhananjay T. Tambe2,3,5 Departments of Physiology and Cell Biolog...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: A growing body of research documents the persistence of physical and neuropsychiatric symptoms following the resolution of acute COVID-19 infection. To the best of our knowledge, no published study has examined the interaction between insomnia and mental health. Accordingly, we proposed to examine new diagnoses of insomnia, and referrals...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Orthodontic treatment and adenotonsillectomy (AT) are both conventional treatments for paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Each approach has distinct treatment advantages; however, there is currently a lack of solid evidence to support their efficacy comparison. We hypothesise that the objective effect of orthodontic treatment...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To determine whether daylight savings time (DST) transitions have an effect on road traffic casualties in Great Britain using causal regression discontinuity design (RDD) analysis. We undertake aggregate and disaggregate spatial and temporal analyses to test the commonly referenced sleep and light hypotheses. Design: The study takes t...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Sleep medicine practice is rapidly developing globally, requiring well-qualified sleep medicine physicians to meet the demand. Although sleep medicine was accredited as an independent specialty in Saudi Arabia in 2012, national data suggest that the number of trained and accredited sleep medicine specialists remains comparatively low. A...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Objectives Quantify the effects of head rotation and head incline on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. Design Single-arm, intervention study. Setting Pulmonary specialty clinic. Case presentation Ten adults diagnosed with positional OSA ranging from 32 to 64 years of age 6 females, 4 males reporting persistent daytime sleepiness and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Considering the natural frequency characteristics in sleep medicine, this paper first proposes a time-frequency framework for the representation learning of the electroencephalogram (EEG) following the definition of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. To meet the temporal-random and transient nature of the defining characteristics of sleep stag...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To estimate the sleep problems among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Eligibility criteria: English, peer-reviewed, observational studies published between December 2019 and July 2021 which assessed and reported sleep problem prevalence using a valid and reliable measure were included. Information sources: Scopus, Medlin...
Article
Full-text available
Background Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a very common and serious health condition which is highly prevalent among U.S. military Veterans. Because the demand for sleep medicine services often overwhelms the availability of such services, it is necessary to streamline diagnosis and treatment protocols. The goals of this study are to, (1) assess...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To date, the association between accumulated unhealthy behaviours and insomnia in individuals stratified according to the presence or absence of major cardiovascular risk factors is unclear. This study aimed to examine the effect of accumulated unhealthy behaviours on insomnia in Japanese dwellers. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction In shift work, quick returns refer to transitions between two shifts with less than 11 hours available rest time. Twenty-three per cent of employees in European countries reported having quick returns. Quick returns are related to short sleep duration, fatigue, sleepiness, work-related accidents and sickness absence. The present study...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs), which include benzodiazepines and Z-drugs, are the most commonly prescribed psychotropic drugs worldwide, and their inappropriate use places a significant burden on public health. Given the widespread use of BZRAs in psychiatric settings, this condition may result from doctors’ improper prescri...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may result in severe health onditions, reduces quality of live, and affects high percentages of the adult population. Due to recent changes in the German health care regulations, mandibular advancement devices (MAD) will become available as a treatment option for OSA to a greater extent for general dentists and...
Article
Full-text available
Fear of sleep is an emerging construct that is connected to the pathogenic mechanisms underlying sleep disorders in individuals with traumatic experiences. The present study aimed to examine the factor structure and psychometric qualities of the Turkish version of the Fear of Sleep Inventory Short Form (FOSI-SF; Pruiksma et al. Journal of Clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to assess the associations of sleep duration, midday napping and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with hypertension. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study enrolling 11,524 hypertensive participates from the Chinese Hypertension Registry Study. Information on sleep duration and midday napping we...
Presentation
Full-text available
Mixed methods implementation study of a structured sleep medicine review template.
Article
Full-text available
Various forms of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) have been developed to improve its scalability and accessibility for insomnia management in young people, but the efficacy of digitally-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (dCBT-i) remains uncertain. This study systematically reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness...
Article
Full-text available
Obstructive sleep apnea is highly prevalent in the post-stroke population, and has been shown to affect cognitive, neurological, and functional status. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment is one of the most effective interventions for obstructive sleep apnea, but compliance is often low due to confounding effects of co-occurring co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Psychostimulants such as caffeine and amphetamine constitute the first generation of wake-promoting compounds. Their use and abuse cause well-known medico-social problems e.g., behavioral overexcitation, addiction and cognitive declines. Sleep medicine had long been looking for an awakening pill with preserved cognitive abilities. In the 1980's, th...
Article
Full-text available
Polysomnography is the gold-standard method for measuring sleep but is inconvenient and limited to a laboratory or a hospital setting. As a result, the vast majority of patients do not receive a proper diagnosis. In an attempt to solve this issue, sleep experts are continually looking for unobtrusive and affordable alternatives that can provide lon...
Article
Full-text available
Background The past few years have seen a rapid emergence of artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled technology in the field of sleep medicine. AI refers to the capability of computer systems to perform tasks conventionally considered to require human intelligence, such as speech recognition, decision-making, and visual recognition of patterns and obj...