Science topic

Sleep Disorders - Science topic

Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
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Publications related to Sleep Disorders (10,000)
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Article
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Introduction Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is characterized by the presence of diffuse pain lasting for more than three months and is often associated with sleep disorders. Studies have investigated the effect of strength training (ST) on pain and sleep quality in FM patients, but there continue to be diverse perspectives on the effects of this interv...
Article
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Background This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to evaluate the global prevalence and risk factors of mental problems (i.e., depression, anxiety, stress, sleep disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), burnout, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation) among medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method We searched Pub...
Article
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Spinal cord injury is a serious damage to the spinal cord that can lead to life-long disability. Based on its etiology, spinal cord injury can be classified as traumatic or non-traumatic spinal cord injury. Furthermore, the pathology of spinal cord injury can be divided into two phases, a primary injury phase, and a secondary injury phase. The prim...
Poster
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Objectification of sleep disorders with actigraphy in traumatic brain injury inpatient Introduction : L’une des séquelles des traumatismes crâniens fréquemment retrouvée est le trouble du sommeil avec une perte de rythme circadien. L’évaluation clinique du sommeil est souvent complexe. L’examen gold standard permettant de quantifier le sommeil, l...
Article
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Background The long-term clinical status of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in recovered patients remains largely unknown . This prospective cohort study evaluated clinical status of COVID-19 and explored the associated risk factors. Methods At the outpatient visit, patients underwent routine blood tests, physical examinations, pulmonary funct...
Article
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Highlights Polyimide-based flexible microneedle array (PI-MNA) electrodes realize high electrical/mechanical performance and are compatible with wearable wireless recording systems. The normalized electrode–skin interface impedance (EII) of the PI-MNA electrodes reaches 0.98 kΩ cm ² at 1 kHz and 1.50 kΩ cm ² at 10 Hz, approximately 1/250 of clinica...
Article
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A growing amount of evidence has indicated contributions of variants in causative genes of Parkinson’s disease (PD) to the development of sleep disturbance in PD and prodromal PD stages. In this article, we aimed to investigate the role of genetics in sleep disorders in PD patients and asymptomatic carriers at prodromal stage of PD. A systematic re...
Article
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Objective Delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) may be a preventable risk factor for cognitive impairment or psychiatric problems. We aimed to evaluate the association between the presence of delirium during hospitalization involving ICU care and post-discharge cognitive impairment or psychiatric problems. Design A retrospective cohort study....
Article
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Background Epidemiological evidence between the sleep disorders and allergy-related outcomes is limited. Objectives The purpose of the present study was to estimate the relationship between sleep disorders and allergy-related outcomes in adults. Methods We built logistic regression models to examine the associations between sleep disorders and al...
Article
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Background Little information is available about the linkage between sleep affection and COVID-19. Preliminary reports and clinical observations focused on the appearance of related mental health issues, especially in healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods A cross-sectional study is conducted on the COVID-19 second-line HCWs using an English online su...
Article
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Background The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic has produced remarkable effects on the sleep quality and mental status of the general population and more dramatic effects on patients with chronic illness. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), already suffering from disordered sleep, might be more susceptible to the effect of the pandemic...
Article
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Background Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder affecting sleep quality and quality of life among women during the perinatal period. The aim of the study is to study the frequency of insomnia and sleep quality among perinatal women and their effect on quality of life: 131 participants; 64 perinatal and 67 control groups from the outpatient cl...
Article
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Background Patients with chronic kidney disease progress regularly every year to end-stage renal disease and have to undergo dialysis. Sleep disturbances have been reported to be frequent among patients receiving dialysis and contributing to the increase of their mortality and morbidity. The present research aimed to study the sleep pattern in hemo...
Article
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Only few studies report long-term evolution of patients with neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI). We report data from a 54-patient cohort followed up in the French network for rare respiratory diseases (RespiRare). Demographic characteristics and respiratory and nutritional evolution were collected at the time of the patient’s last sc...
Article
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Tinnitus is a common complaint with potentially negative impact on quality of life. Prevalence of tinnitus ranges from 5 to 43% worldwide. This variation could be due to the heterogeneity of tinnitus assessment. This has limited the progress in understanding tinnitus. Therefore, we employed a standardized and a validated assessment method to determ...
Article
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Background: The number of elderly diabetic patients has been increasing recently, and these patients have a higher morbidity of dementia than those without diabetes. Diabetes is associated with an increased risk for the development of dementia in elderly individuals, which is a serious health problem. Objectives: The primary aim was to examine whet...
Article
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An analysis of modern medical literature carried out to study the main concomitant pathology in children with autism spectrum disorders gas revealed what concomitant diseases are more common in children with autism than in the general population. The structure of concomitant somatic pathology of children with autism includes disturbances from the g...
Article
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Introduction Neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of disorders thought to be associated with the functioning of the brain and the nervous system. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders often have sleep-related comorbidities that may negatively affect quality of life for both the children and their families. Melatonin is one of the most used...
Article
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Current data support an increase in the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) in pediatric patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Adeno-tonsillectomy has been shown to be an effective treatment for most patients. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of HBP in pediatric patients with SDB and the impact of adeno-tonsillectomy with...
Article
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Background: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and burdensome symptom in cancer patients that is influenced by multiple factors. Identifying factors associated with CRF may help in developing tailored interventions for fatigue management. This study aimed to examine the correlates of CRF among colorectal cancer patients undergoing postoperati...
Article
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Sleep hygiene therapy is a therapy that is taught to children to maintain personal hygiene before going to bed and prevent the development of sleep disorders in school-age children. Sleep problems and disorders are common in school-age children, the duration of sleep for school-age children is 9 to 11 yours. This study aims to obtain an overview of...
Article
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Background: Idiopathic cardiomyopathy (ICM) is a rare disease affecting numerous physiological and biomolecular systems with multimorbidity. However, due to the small sample size of uncommon diseases, the whole spectrum of chronic disease co-occurrence, especially in developing nations, has not yet been investigated. To grasp the multimorbidity pat...
Article
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The objective of this study was to determine the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) with depression, somatization and sleep disorders in the city of Maringá, Brazil. A total of 1,643 participants were selected from the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Of these, the test group consisted of 84 participants who had moderate or...
Preprint
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Dreams are often viewed as fascinating but relatively irrelevant mental epihenomena of the sleeping mind with questionable or no functional relevance. Despite long hours of oneiric activity, and high individual differences in dream recall, dream amnesia is one of the most robust and universal features of dreaming. In this review, we conceptualize d...
Article
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Introduction: Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that is often accompanied by disorders such as depression, psychotic disorders, cognitive disorders, anxiety disorders, sleep disorders, impulse control disorders. The aim of the study was to review the literature and present the characteristics of neuropsychiatric disorders occurring...
Article
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Background All elements of everyday life have been seriously and significantly impacted by the global COVID-19 outbreak. Previous research has demonstrated a connection between infectious disease epidemics and sleep disturbances as well as psychological discomfort, such as traumatic stress, melancholy, and anxiety. Objectives The study aimed to sum...
Article
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Almost one billion people worldwide are affected by Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Affected individuals experience disordered breathing patterns during sleep, which results in fatigue, daytime drowsiness, and/or sleep deprivation. Working under the influence of these symptoms significantly impairs work productivity and leads to occupational acciden...
Poster
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Schlafstörungen mit Alpträumen bei Patienten, bei denen PTBS diagnostiziert wurde, sind eine häufige Beschwerde. Neue Therapieoptionen sind besonders dann wichtig, wenn andere Substanzen (beispielsweise Antidepressiva wie Amitriptylin) nicht wirken oder aufgrund von Kontraindikationen nicht eingesetzt werden können. In letzter Zeit gab es immer meh...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic that has spread throughout the country has caused changes in behavior patterns due to social restrictions. This has resulted in activities outside the home and in open spaces being limited and even abolished and replaced with online activities (in the network). Students who usually take part in teaching and learnin...
Article
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Purpose. Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder with high rate of prevalence, persistence, and leads to negative consequences. The mainstays of insomnia treatment have limitations due to either the side effects of hypnotics or limited accessibility to cognitive behavioral therapy. This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of the tradit...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the sleep quality by self-reported questionnaires and polysomnography (PSG) among early kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) and to further explore their correlation. Design: This was a prospective and cross-sectional analysis of the sleep characteristics among early kidney transplant recipients through an objective and sub...
Conference Paper
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Rationale: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition that could be associated with comorbid conditions. Also, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder. The extent and clinical relevance of the association between these two diseases remain poorly understood, with limited evidence from developing countries. We aim to inves...
Article
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Sleep is a crucial factor in healthy aging. However, most middle-aged adults experience high levels of sleep disorders. While previous findings have suggested exercise training could benefit the quality of sleep, the effects of multi-component exercise on sleep quality are less examined. Accordingly, the current study aimed to assess the effectiven...
Article
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Nurses, as the largest forces in the health system, are always challenged with various work responsibilities such as long working hours, lack of manpower and death of patients. This study aimed at providing a model of the relationship between workload and physical and mental health, sleep disorders, and individual and family problems by the mediati...
Article
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In different organs and tissues, the lymphatic system serves as a drainage system for interstitial fluid and is useful for removing substances that would otherwise accumulate in the interstitium. In the brain, which lacks lymphatic circulation, the drainage and cleaning function is performed by the glymphatic system, called so for its dependence on...
Article
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Background Insomnia and suicidal thoughts are two of the negative impacts that have been caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying the factors that contribute to these psychological problems may help develop strategies to sustain the mental health of the public. The present study examined the psychosocial impacts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic...
Article
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Medical students are vulnerable to sleep disorders, which could be further exaggerated by poor dormitory environment and roommate behaviour. However, there is little evidence of whether dormitory environment intervention is effective in improving the sleep quality of medical college students in developing countries. The present study aimed to evalu...
Preprint
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Parkinson is a neurodegenerative disorder of the nervous system involved with disrupting the motor activity of the body. The current pathogenesis of the disorder is incomplete resulting in widespread use of exogenous medical treatments targeting the dopamine quantity, posing a major challenge in appropriate drug development. The plethora of high th...
Article
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Introduction Sleep disorder is a common and unpleasant symptom in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), bringing a heavy burden on the patients and families. As a non-pharmacological therapy, exercise interventions are widely recommended for CKD patients. However, whether exercise can improve overall sleep quality in such a population remains...
Article
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Background and Aim:The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health crisis affecting several nations, with over 34milion cases and 1milion confirmed deaths reported to date. Such widespread outbreaks are associated with adverse mental health consequences. Methods: This is a systematic review. Studies using different combinations of keywords COVID-19, Anxiet...
Preprint
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Purpose The objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between anxiety and sleep disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic and to evaluate whether sleep disorder is mediated by the decreased frequency of going out. Methods The data of a total of 1,976 residents aged 18 years and over who had responded to a self-reported questionnai...
Article
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Conflicten tussen ouders kunnen schadelijke gevolgen hebben voor kinderen, zoals gedragsproblemen, slaapproblemen en slechte schoolprestaties. De manier waarop conflicten tussen ouders benaderd worden lijkt hierin een belangrijke rol te spelen. In de literatuur wordt onderscheid gemaakt tussen destructieve en constructieve conflicthantering. Bij de...
Preprint
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Closed-loop sleep modulation is an emerging research paradigm to treat sleep disorders and enhance sleep benefits. However, two major barriers hinder the widespread application of this research paradigm. First, subjects often need to be wire-connected to rack-mount instrumentation for data acquisition, which negatively affects sleep quality. Second...
Article
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Some patients develop long-term symptoms after Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is one of the main symptoms. CFS is characterized by fatigue lasting for more than 6 months accompanied by sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression, which causes a certain degree of harm to both physiological and psychological asp...
Presentation
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Sleep disorders are under-recognised as causal factors and outcomes of obesity and diabetes. In this presentation, you will find mechanistic links of how sleep disorders can cause obesity and diabetes, and vice versa, how diabetes and obesity can adversly affect sleep quality.
Article
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Background For many industrial workers, occupational injuries are a common health and safety concern. However, sufficient information on the economic costs and predictors of occupation-related injuries from the perspective of employers is lacking in developing countries, including Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to close this gap by quant...
Article
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We investigate the impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic and related policy responses on non‐COVID‐19 healthcare utilization (i.e., different types of outpatient care) up to October 2020 in China. Using an administrative database from a large prefecture‐level city, we find that both direct exposure to the COVID‐19 pandemic and the strict containment poli...
Preprint
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Background: It is estimated that the number of people with dementia in Japan will increase to roughly 20% of those aged 65 and over (approximately 7 million people) by 2025. Around the world, the number of people with dementia is increasing by 7.7 million per year, and caregivers' depression, stress, social isolation, and sleep disorders due to the...
Poster
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La somnolencia excesiva es un síntoma frecuente en personas que reúnen criterios para narcolepsia, trastorno por hipersomnia o trastornos del sueño relacionados con la respiración. La somnolencia excesiva es altamente prevalente en estudiantes de medicina. Sin embargo, la frecuencia es ampliamente variable. Objetivo Revisar sistemáticamente la pre...
Article
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Señora editora: El uso de flora medicinal o alucinógena se ha desa-rrollado desde los albores de la humanidad. Grandes cul-turas antiguas como Sumerios, Egipcios y la Antigua China utilizaron frecuentemente plantas medicinales para diversos propósitos. En América del Sur durante decenas de milenios innumerables especies de plantas nativas-y también...
Article
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Objective: To monitor and quantify improvements in sleep quality, using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) survey, and anxiety, using the HAM-A questionnaire, in a patient receiving chiropractic care for correction of vertebral subluxations. Clinical Features: A 28-year-old female patient presenting for care with complaints of musculoskelet...
Article
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Individuals face different sleep difficulties at different stages of their lives. A sleep disorders are characterized by changes in sleeping patterns or habits that can have a negative impact on overall health. The changes in hormones and the existence of chronic stress influence sleep and circadian rhythms and interfere with sleep, and the existen...
Preprint
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Objectives Sleep is one of the issues that attracted the attention of researchers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Researchers focused their studies on the prevalence of sleep disorders, sleep quality, and sleep duration. However, they paid less attention to sleep hygiene. To this end, the present study sought to investigate sleep hygiene and sleep qu...
Article
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In the past, there was limited research relating to the role of sleep in respiratory diseases. Physicians treating these patients tended to focus mainly on the daily disabling symptoms, overlooking the possible significant role of coexisting sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Nowadays, OSA has been recognised as an important, h...
Article
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In this modern era, we are aware about life style disorders like DM, B.P, Anxiety, Stress etc. All these life disturbing conditions happened due to failure to adopt right kind of daily regimen practices. Many problematic conditions starts with a bad dietetics practices and sleep disorders. In our traditional therapy Ayurveda also explains about the...
Article
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Background Audiovisual stimulation, such as auditory stimulation, light stimulation, and audiovisual combined stimulation, as a non‐invasive stimulation, which can induce gamma oscillation, has received increased attention in recent years, and it has been preliminarily applied in the clinical rehabilitation of brain dysfunctions, such as cognitive,...
Article
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Background Previous studies observed that s leep disorders potentially increased the risk of asthma and asthmatic exacerbation. We aimed to examine whether excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), probable insomnia, objective short sleep duration (OSSD), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affect all-cause mortality (ACM) in individuals with or without as...
Article
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Background Individuals with chronic viral hepatitis are at increased risk of experiencing poor sleep quality and sleep disturbances. However, it remains unclear whether the sleep disorders associated with viral hepatitis are secondary to the comorbidities related to viral hepatitis or the direct effect of hepatitis viruses on sleep. This study inve...
Preprint
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Background Sleep is a complex process. A reversible state of unconsciousness. Some well-known sleep disorders prevalent among medical students are Insomnia, Hypersomnia, nightmares, and Narcolepsy. This study aims at identifying the effects of sleep disorders on the cumulative GPA among the students of the Syrian Private University. Methods This st...
Article
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The emergence of a novel strain of ß-coronavirus in Wuhan in early December 2019, signaled what were to be the most harrowing months for humanity in recent memory. Studies relating to the epidemiology and pathophysiology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its mutant variants, the causative pathogens for the COVID-19 pandemic and its second surge, revealed...
Article
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Objective. To explore the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HOT) on sleep quality, drug dosage, and nerve function in patients with sleep disorders after ischemic cerebral stroke (ICS). Methods. A total of 120 patients with acute ICS and sleep disorders who came to our hospital for treatment from January 2019 to October 2021 were selected and d...
Article
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Introduction Motivated by challenges faced in outpatient sleep services for mental health and neurodevelopmental disorders (MHNDD) during the COVID-19 clinical shutdown, a pan-Canadian/international working group of clinicians and social scientists developed a concept for capturing challenging sleep and wake behaviours already at the referral stage...
Article
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Fatigue can be a significant problem for commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers. The lifestyle of a long-haul CMV driver may include long and irregular work hours, inconsistent sleep schedules, poor eating and exercise habits, and mental and physical stress, all contributors to fatigue. Shiftwork is associated with lacking, restricted, and poor-qua...