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X-ray CT scanners, due to the transmissive nature of X-rays, have enabled the non-destructive evaluation of industrial products, even inside their bodies. In light of its effectiveness, this study introduces a new approach to accelerate the inspection of many mechanical parts with the same shape in a bin. The input to this problem is a volumetric i...
Article
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Chondroblastoma is a rare, benign neoplasm usually located in the epiphyses and apophyses of the long bones in the immature skeleton. Radiologically, these tumors have a classic appearance of a lytic lesion with chondroid matrix surrounded by a thin sclerotic rim. Here, we describe the case of a 5-year-old male who presented with a chondroblastoma...
Article
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Ganoapplins A and B (1 and 2) with a 6/6/6/5/6-fused pentacyclic skeleton containing an aromatic E ring, were obtained from Ganoderma applanatum. Their structures were established through extensive spectroscopic analyses, quantum chemical calculations, including calculated chemical shifts with DP4 + analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD)....
Article
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Distribution of freshwater sponges (Porifera: Spongillida) in Indonesia is currently insufficiently reported and underestimated compared to marine sponges. An inventory study on freshwater sponges in East Java after Indonesian independence in 1945 is yet to be carried out. For this reason, we reported new records of two freshwater species, Eunapius...
Conference Paper
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Automatic tree detection and counting is a very important task for many areas such as environmental protection , agricultural planning, crop yield estimation and monitoring of replanted forest areas. This paper presents an unsupervised method for tree detection from high resolution UAV imagery based on a modified version of the Decremental Ellipse...
Article
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Elucidating the role and onus of the curator, artist and exhibitor in acquainting the mass people with the vile reality of the ecological crisis of the contemporary era, the book, has given rise to a new genre of juxtaposing ‘ecological crisis’ and ‘arts and exhibition’ in one skeleton, which is authored by Felicity Fenner, who happens to be a reno...
Article
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The article attempts a quantitative as well as a qualitative analysis of the National Capital Territory ("NCT") of Delhi's legislative productivity in the year 2020. The Legislative Assembly of Delhi produced only one piece of substantive legislation throughout the year, sitting for one of its fewest number of sessions. However, the business of the...
Article
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Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) are frequently used to treat municipal wastewater, but membrane fouling is still the main weakness of this technology. Additionally, the low carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio influent has been shown to not only increase the membrane fouling, but also introduce challenges to meet the effluent discharge standard for nitrogen rem...
Article
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Unlabelled: Twelve months following discontinuation of denosumab, the percent decrease in mean bone mineral density (BMD) values at the hip and knee regions were similar between both the denosumab and placebo groups. These findings emphasize the need for additional trials to understand the effect of continued administration of denosumab after suba...
Article
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We investigate the early developmental characteristics of the skeletal system in Miichthys miiuy larvae using a double staining method on the whole larval skeletons (aged 1–30 days). We systematically observed and described the morphological development of both the spinal vertebrae and appendicular skeleton. The results showed that there were 25 sp...
Article
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Hydrostatic skeletons such as the Hydra’s consist of two stacked layers of muscle cells perpendicularly oriented. In vivo, these bilayers first assemble, and then the muscle fibers of both layers develop and organize with this crisscross orientation. In the present work, we identify an alternative mechanism of crisscross bilayering of myoblasts in...
Article
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Background Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer remains a challenging condition to treat. Among the available therapeutic options, the androgen receptor signaling inhibitors abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AA) and enzalutamide (Enza), are currently the most used first-line therapies in clinical practice. However, validated clinical...
Article
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Controlling molecular motion is one of hot topics in the field of chemistry. Molecular rotors have wide applications in building nanomachines and functional materials, due to their controllable rotations. Hence, the development of novel rotor systems, controlled by external stimuli, is desirable. Pillar[n]arenes, a class of macrocycles, have a uniq...
Article
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Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a systemic condition characterized by new bone formation and enthesopathies of the axial and peripheral skeleton. The pathogenesis of DISH is not well understood, and it is currently considered a non-inflammatory condition with an underlying metabolic derangement. Currently, DISH diagnosis relies o...
Article
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Magnetically assisted separation method is a rapid and easy technique based on the separation and isolation of magnetic substance by the application of an external magnetic field. However, the service life of absorbents using polystyrene as skeleton is heavily shorted by the intrinsic brittleness of polystyrene. A novel method of preparing porous m...
Article
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In this work, the phenomena occurring at the stage of solvent exchange treatment during the synthesis of porous silica monoliths are described using high-resolution scanning microscopy. Initially, the solution in the swollen gel network and macropores contains the tetraethoxysilane hydrolysis products, the structure-forming agent polyethylene oxide...
Preprint
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A cardinal feature of the encephalopathy of prematurity is injury/dysmaturation of developing white matter and subsequent hypomyelination. Magnetisation transfer imaging (MTI) offers surrogate markers for myelination including magnetisation transfer ratio (MTR) and magnetisation transfer saturation (MTsat). In this work, using data from 105 neonate...
Article
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Transient analysis of multi-branched pipeline systems is generalized by the development of an impedance method. Both open and closed boundaries of branched pipeline elements were implemented in the analytical development of a reservoir multi-branched pipeline valve system, in which impedance and transient responses performance were compared with th...
Article
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The lens plays a central role in the development of the optic cup. In fish, regression of the eye early in development affects the development of the craniofacial skeleton, the size of the olfactory pits, the optic nerve, and the tectum. Lens removal further affects olfaction, prey capture, and aggression. The similarity of the fish eye to other ve...
Article
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Bone fractures are among the most common and potentially serious injuries to the skeleton, femoral shaft fractures being especially severe. Thanks to recent advances in the area of in silico analysis, several approximations of the bone healing process have been achieved. In this context, the objective of this work was to simulate the initial phase...
Article
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Isoxazoles and isoxazolines are five-membered heterocyclic molecules containing nitrogen and oxygen. Isoxazole and isoxazoline are the most popular heterocyclic compounds for developing novel drug candidates. Over 80 molecules with a broad range of bioactivities, including antitumor, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, cardiovascular, a...
Article
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Asphalt mixture is a skeleton filling system consisting of aggregate and asphalt binder. Its performance is directly affected by the internal load transfer mechanism of the skeleton filling system. It is significant to understand the load transfer mechanisms for asphalt mixture design and performance evaluation. The objective of this paper is to re...
Article
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The human facial skeleton consists of multiple segments and causes difficulty during analytic processes. We developed image analysis software to quantify the amount of injury and validate the smooth curvature of the surface after facial bone reduction surgery. Three-dimensional computed tomography images of facial bone were obtained from 40 patient...
Article
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In this paper, the slit Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) experiments were conducted to investigate the dynamic mechanical characteristics of red sandstone during acid dry-wet cycles. The appearance of the samples was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy, and the process of red sandstone degradation under acid dry-wet cycles was examined. The r...
Article
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The experiment was conducted to standardize the preservation technology of dried leaf skelton which can add more value to the emerging dry flower industry. Though dry flowers have been used in art and decoration for many years with a huge market potential throughout the world, the availability of plant material in abundance is one of the driving fo...
Article
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The experiment was conducted to find out the effect of bakers yeast fermentation on leaf maturity to find out the particular age group of leaves suitable for fermentation, using Ficus religiosa L. leaves as the model substrate and to study the optimal fermentation time on other plant species to skeletonize, viz. leaves of Bauhinia purpurea, Tectona...
Article
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After the leak of 11.5 million documents from the Panamanian corporation Mossack Fonseca, an intricate network of offshore business entities has been revealed. The emerging picture is that of legal entities, either individuals or companies, involved in offshore activities and transactions with several tax havens simultaneously which establish, indi...
Article
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The haplogroup H has been associated with high mitochondrial energy efficiency, which may have favoured survival and reproduction under adverse environmental conditions. On the other hand, it enhances the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), which are involved in the pathogenesis of several arthropathies, especially those of inflammatory or...
Article
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Bony fishes are among the best represented macrofossils from the earliest Eocene Fur Formation, northern Denmark. The most abundant fish of the formation has never been formally described, in spite of its abundance throughout the formation, and only referred to as an ‘argentinoid’. This work provides a taxonomic study of this argentinoid taxon, whi...
Article
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Identification of small-scale auroral structures is key to searching for auroral events. However, it is impracticable for humans to manually select sufficient aurora events for statistical analysis, and it is also challenging for computers because of the non-rigid shape and fluid nature of auroras. Fold structure is the most common type of auroral...
Article
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The co-administration of anticancer drugs and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors was a treatment strategy to surmount multidrug resistance (MDR) in anticancer chemotherapy. In this study, novel phenylfuran-bisamide derivatives were designed as P-gp inhibitors based on target-based drug design, and 31 novel compounds were synthesized and screened on M...
Article
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Combined effects of shear stress ratio, density, and fines content on stress redistribution during shearing and their implications for internal instability were investigated in this study using the discrete element method. The widely used stress reduction factor was modified in this study by introducing the Voronoi cell to account for the volume ch...
Article
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The success of today’s calcifying organisms in tomorrow’s oceans depends, in part, on the resilience of their skeletons to ocean acidification. To the extent this statement is true there is reason to have hope. Many marine calcifiers demonstrate resilience when exposed to environments that mimic near-term ocean acidification. The fossil record simi...
Article
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A low-density, high-specific surface area, high-strength and large-sized carbon aerogel preparation process is a key technology in the industrial application of aerogel science. In recent years, ingenious nanostructure design, along with salt templates, drying optimization and other strategies have been applied by numerous scientists. As a result,...
Article
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Broad maxillofacial surgical resections involving both the midface and the mandible represent a challenge in terms of reconstruction. Although several papers have explored the possibility of simultaneously using two microsurgical flaps, reports on the implementation of a dual osseous flap strategy are limited, and mainly addressed to static anatomi...
Article
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Human activity recognition (HAR) is crucial for human-centric smart manufacturing, especially the management of human involved production activities. Recently, 3D HAR based on skeleton data has emerged as an outstanding approach for good performance on both speed and accuracy. However, there are still flaws like insufficiency or redundancy in desig...
Article
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Hsisosuchus, with three known species, was the most common genus of crocodyliforms in the Sichuan Basin during the Jurassic. However, the overall shape of the ventral trunk shield of osteoderms has not been clarified due to the lack of complete specimens. A new specimen of Hsisosuchus recently recovered from the Upper Jurassic of Yunnan has the nea...
Article
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In materials (polymer) science and medicinal chemistry, heteroaromatic derivatives play the role of the central skeleton in development of novel devices and discovery of new drugs. On the other hand, (3-trifluoromethyl)phenyldiazirine (TPD) is a crucial chemical method for understanding biological processes such as ligand–receptor, nucleic acid–pro...
Preprint
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The moon perfectly eclipses the sun as seen from the earth. This is an incredible fact because not only does the moon have to be the right distance and size from the sun to do this, the sun also has to be the right size. If this is for a reason, perhaps for the reason to let us know we are here for a reason by forces unknown, then there should be m...
Article
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Reducing the particle sizes of transition metals (TMs) and avoiding their aggregation are crucial for increasing the TMs atom utilization and enhancing their industrial potential. However, it is still challenging to achieve uniform distributed and density‐controlled TMs nanoclusters (NCs) under high temperatures due to the strong interatomic metall...
Article
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Sexual dimorphism is the basis for sex estimation research in skeletal remains, helping the positive identification of individuals in forensic backgrounds. In this regard, it has been proved that the metrical analysis of the costal neck of the first four ribs in Spanish contemporary adult skeletons shows high sexual dimorphism, especially in the fi...
Article
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Current literature suggests that axial skeleton magnetic resonance imaging (AS‐MRI) is more sensitive than Tc 99m bone scintigraphy (BS) for detecting bone metastases (BM) in high‐risk prostate cancer (PCa). However, BS is still widely performed. Its diagnostic accuracy has been studied; however, its feasibility and cost implications are yet to be...
Article
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With the development of world economy, sports development has also become a symbol of national strength. Nowadays, sports competition has become an important activity for all countries to show their strength, and also an important bridge to connect all countries and build friendship. In the process of challenging the limit, human beings gradually m...
Article
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This research used waste ceramic powder (CP) to replace aggregate, fly ash (FA) as filler, and combined them with sulfur to prepare composite cementitious materials. The variations of the mechanical properties with the aggregate proportions (aggregate mass/total mass) of 65%, 70%, and 75%, and the FA contents (FA mass/aggregate and filler mass) of...
Preprint
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Microscopic filaments of the siphonous green algae Ostreobium (Ulvophyceae, Bryopsidales) colonize and dissolve the calcium carbonate skeletons of coral colonies, in shallow-water reef environments of contrasted salinities. Their bacterial composition and plasticity in response to salinity remain unknown. Here, we analyzed the bacteria associated w...
Preprint
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Recently, there has been a remarkable increase in the interest towards skeleton-based action recognition within the research community, owing to its various advantageous features, including computational efficiency, representative features, and illumination invariance. Despite this, researchers continue to explore and investigate the most optimal w...
Preprint
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In combinatorial causal bandits (CCB), the learning agent chooses a subset of variables in each round to intervene and collects feedback from the observed variables to minimize expected regret or sample complexity. Previous works study this problem in both general causal models and binary generalized linear models (BGLMs). However, all of them requ...
Article
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Despite nearly 200 years of scientific collecting and study, none of the extinct, bipedal, predatory, theropod dinosaurs have been reliably shown to exceed 12 m in length. Using digital 3D models of theropods with lengths spanning 80 cm to 12 m, their body masses were found to scale to the 3.5 power of body lengths. The lateral area of the pelvis a...
Preprint
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We study varieties generated by semi-primal lattice-expansions by means of category theory. We provide a new proof of the Keimel-Werner topological duality for such varieties and, using similar methods, establish its discrete version. We describe multiple adjunctions between the variety of Boolean algebras and the variety generated by a semi-primal...
Article
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Dalian Island is located in the sea area near Pingtan County, Fujian, Southeast China. The sea area used to be the junction of the eastern and western ship routes on the Maritime Silk Road, and is also an important region for underwater archaeology in China. This study focused on a sauce-glazed ware of the Song Dynasty, with serious degradation, wh...
Article
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Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are a family of crystalline porous materials which attracts much attention for their possible application in energy electrochemical conversion and storage devices due to their ordered structures characterized by large surface areas and the presence in selected cases of a redox-active porous skeleton. Their synthetic...
Article
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Triassic cynodonts from South America are key taxa in the investigation of the emergence of mammalian characters. One of the most iconic species from the Carnian is Prozostrodon brasiliensis, found in Late Triassic strata from southern Brazil. This non-mammaliaform cynodont represents the earliest-diverging member of Prozostrodontia, a clade that e...
Preprint
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We predict the existence of the proton, its radius and charge as a consequence of space which we show is responsible for inertia, and find everything follows from six-fold symmetry, including the hydrocarbons the skeletons of life. To do this we introduce the idea intermediary mass and shows that one second is a natural unit, not just on the order...
Article
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Pyxinol skeleton is a promising framework of anti-inflammatory agents formed in the human liver from 20S-protopanaxadiol, the main active aglycone of ginsenosides. In the present study, a new series of amino acid-containing derivatives were produced from 12-dehydropyxinol, a pyxinol oxidation metabolite, and its anti-inflammatory activity was asses...
Conference Paper
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Train novel motion patterns (a) Samples used in previous methods Test Train Test (b) Samples used in our method Figure 1: Comparison between samples used in previous methods and ours. We take an action "wave" as an example. (a) Previous methods assume that samples in both training and test sets share similar motion patterns. (b) In our method, samp...
Article
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The analysis of the structures of the springing systems of modern vehicles showed that polymer composites are used in vehicles for which the decrease in curb weight is a critical indicator. The use of springs (suspensions) from polymer composites makes it possible to reduce the weight of the elastic element and increase durability while improving t...
Article
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Skeleton‐based gait recognition models suffer from the robustness problem, as the rank‐1 accuracy varies from 90% in normal walking cases to 70% in walking with coats cases. In this work, we propose a state‐of‐the‐art robust skeleton‐based gait recognition model called Gait‐TR, which is based on the combination of spatial transformer frameworks and...
Chapter
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Fresh flowers are appealing and attractive, but maintaining their allure and fresh appearance for an extended period of time is difficult. To overcome this problem, the same flowers can be dried and processed into dry flowers that last indefinitely. Innovative ideas capable of providing solutions to social problems can be turned into money-spinning...
Article
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Steroidal saponins are an important type of plant-specific metabolite that are essential for plants’ responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Because of their extensive pharmacological activities, steroidal saponins are also important industrial raw materials for the production of steroidal drugs. In recent years, more and more studies have explor...
Article
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An experimental investigation of the characteristics and transformation mechanism of Jimsar oil shale and derived shale oil was conducted using a solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer (13C NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), liquid 1H NMR, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques. The carbon skele...
Article
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In the numerical simulation of site seismic responses, traditional equivalent linearization methods typically realized in the frequency domain cannot satisfactorily analyze the high-degree non-linearity of soil under strong input motions. Therefore, the “true” non-linear numerical methods performed in the time domain are often utilized in such case...
Preprint
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Several types of Quantum Dots (QDs) (CdS, CdSe and InP, as well as core-shell QDs such as type I InP-ZnS, quasi type-II CdSe-CdS and inverse type-I CdS-CdSe) were considered for generating α-aminoalkyl free radicals. The feasibility of the oxidation of the N-aryl amines and the generation of the desired radical was evidenced experimentally by quenc...