Science topic

Shiitake Mushrooms - Science topic

Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.
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Publications related to Shiitake Mushrooms (3,509)
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Preprint
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Shiitake mushrooms ( Lentinula edodes ) contain compounds with hypocholesterolemic and immune-modulatory activities such as ergosterol and chitin that can be partially transformed into vitamin D and chitosan to yield extracts with enhanced bioactivities. A method was optimized to increase vitamin D 2 levels by irradiating a non-soluble fraction obt...
Article
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Adsorption is commonly accepted as a most promising strategy in dye wastewater treatment, and the widespread use of adsorption emphasizes the need to explore low-cost but excellent adsorbents. Herein, a low-cost adsorbent (calcium-rich biochar) was developed, which was directly pyrolyzed from spent mushroom substate without any modification. This s...
Article
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Interview with Dr. Sok Cheon Pak. Dr Pak as a physiologist currently leads and guides research into nutraceuticals to provide relevant and impactful clinical applications. The best example is the rice bran arabinoxylan compound (RBAC). RBAC is a functional food produced from hydrolysed rice bran denatured with shiitake mushroom enzymes. RBAC demons...
Article
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At the base of the food pyramid is vegetables, which should be consumed most often of all food products, especially in raw and unprocessed form. Vegetables and mushrooms are rich sources of bioactive compounds that can fulfill various functions in plants, starting from protection against herbivores and being natural insecticides to pro-health funct...
Article
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Background Ecklonia cava is an edible marine brown alga harvested from the ocean that is widely consumed in Asian countries as a health-promoting medicinal food The objective of the present study is to evaluate the anti-asthma mechanism of a new functional food produced by bioprocessing edible algae Ecklonia cava and shiitake Lentinula edodes mushr...
Article
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Cultivated mushrooms are well-known nutrient inputs for an equilibrated diet. Some species are broadly appreciated due to their medicinal properties. Lately, a number of novel foods and nutraceuticals based on dehydrated and freeze-dried powder obtained from cultivated mushrooms has been reaching the market. The food industry requires fast and reli...
Article
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The fruiting bodies of edible mushrooms represent an important source of biologically active polysaccharides. In this study, Lentinula edodes crude polysaccharides (LECP) were extracted in hot water, and their antioxidant and antiradical activities were investigated. The antioxidant activity of LECP was investigated against reactive species such as...
Article
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Lentinula edodes logs are susceptible to sundry bacteria contamination during the culture process, and the manual identification of contaminated logs is difficult, untimely, and inaccurate. Aiming to solve this problem, this paper proposes a method for the identification of contaminated Lentinula edodes logs based on the deep learning model Ghost–Y...
Article
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The cDNA library prepared from Lentinula edodes , Hokken 600 (H600), primordia was screened using cDNA expressed specifically in Dictyostelium discoideum prestalk as a probe. Twenty-one clones, Le-Dd1 ~ 21, were isolated from the L. edodes primordia cDNA library. Functional analysis of each gene was carried out by transformation into protoplast cel...
Article
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This work evaluated the effect of different cooking methods (boiling, steaming, microwaving, frying and pressure cooking) on the nutrients, antioxidant activities, volatile and nonvolatile taste-active components of three varieties of Lentinus edodes (808, 0912 and LM) from Guizhou Province. The results showed that LM had the most polysaccharides,...
Article
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The use of waste apple-wood as a source of sawdust to cultivate the mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes is a common practice, but it is imperative to ensure that the wood does not contain unsafe amounts of heavy-metals or pesticide residues. In this study, we sampled and investigated the pollution of heavy metals and pesticide residu...
Article
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Shiitake mushroom is an edible mushroom which originated from East Asia and widely cultivated and consumed in numerous Asian countries. Present investigation was done to estimate the effect of two chemicals at different doses viz. magnesium sulphate and Potassium sulphate (@ 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0%) on mycelium and spawn growth. The results obtained from...
Article
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Different foods, especially mushrooms, are a valuable source of vitamin D2. However, published concentrations in mushrooms show large variabilities. One reason for this is certainly the high biological variability caused by growth conditions, and another could also be found in the analytical methodology. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a sen...
Article
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Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in India and worldwide. Mushrooms are important nutritional foods, and in this context shiitake (Lentinula edodes), button (Agaricus bisporus) and oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) mushrooms are known for their bioactive properties. The application of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation for the production of substantial...
Poster
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The novel portable vertically forced-air cooling facility is a new forced-air cooling strategy for small and medium enterprise (SME) applying in local packing house by maintaining mushrooms’ (shiitake) qualities. Not only decreasing the mushroom inner temperature rapidly (less than 30 minutes) but also losing fresh weight slightly (2-3.5%) than non...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ultrasound with different frequency modes on the chemical structure, chain conformation, and immune activity of lentinan from Lentinus edodes; the structure–activity relationship of lentinan was also discussed. The results showed that, compared with original lentinan (extracted using hot water...
Article
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During the initial months of calves’ lives, the young animals are exposed to bacterial and viral infections, and during this period, crucial physiological changes take place in their organisms. Offering calves feed additives that will have a beneficial influence on their organisms and improve their growth while reducing the morbidity rate is the op...
Article
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Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler, also known as shiitake mushroom, is a popular edible macrofungus and a source of numerous bioactive substances with multiple beneficial health effects. L. edodes-derived polysaccharides are the most valuable compounds, with anticancer, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and immunomodulatory properties. It has been demonstr...
Book
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This small booklets is a business plan for the cultivation of Shitake mushroom ( Lentinula edodes) in Neplease context developed by Bhola Dhakal. This business plan supports for enterpreneurs who are interested for farming Shitake mushroom. Neplease economy is based on forest and agriculture resources. Shitake mushroom cultivates in Walnut (Juglans...
Article
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Bioremediation techniques are being developed as substitutes for physical–chemical methodologies that are expensive and not sustainable. For example, using the agricultural waste spent mushroom substrate (SMS) which contains valuable microbiota for soil bioremediation. In this work, SMSs of four cultivated fungal species, Pleurotus eryngii, Lentinu...
Article
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Mushrooms are nutritious foods that are widely cultivated all over the world. They are rich in a range of compounds linked to improving functions of the immune system including carotenoids, alkaloids, lectins, enzymes, folates, fats, organic acids, minerals, polysaccharides, phenolics, proteins, tocopherols, terpenoids, and volatile compounds. In t...
Article
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This work aimed to evaluate the potential of three fungi strains, Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus eryngii, and Pleurotus citrinopileatus, to degrade lignin and enhance the nutritive value of grape stalks (GS). The GS was inoculated with the fungi and incubated under solid-state fermentation at 28 °C and 85% relative humidity for 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and...
Article
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Edible mushrooms are widely appreciated for their appealing flavours, low caloric values and high content of presumably health-protecting metabolites. Their long history of safe use together with the looming worldwide food crisis have revived the idea of generating meat analogues and protein isolates by the controlled fermentation of mycelia of the...
Article
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Background: Polysaccharides from edible mushrooms possess immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activities. Recent studies indicated that necroptosis plays a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases and mediates increased expression of inflammatory cytokines. Objective: Therefore, it is imperative to determine the impact o...
Article
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Background: Fungi are rich source of biologically active metabolites aimed for the improvement of human health through the prevention of various diseases, including infections and inflammatory disorders. Aim: We aimed to in vitro examine the anti-SARS CoV-2 activity of the aqueous extract of each Pleurotus (P.) ostreatus, Lentinula (L.) edodes a...
Article
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We investigated the browning and softening of fresh Lentinula edodes (LE) coated with polysaccharides (LEP) isolated from LE stalks and stored at 4 °C for 15 days. The results showed that compared to the chitosan-coated and uncoated LE, the LEP-treated mushrooms showed significant improvements in several qualities during storage, such as reduced we...
Article
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Introduction Edible-medicinal fungi are mainly used in Asian countries to prevent various diseases. These mushrooms are also used to treat lung diseases and cancer. Ganoderma lucidum and Lentinula edodes are the most important edible-medicinal fungi. The polysaccharides of these fungi are one of the bioactive compounds with anti-cancer properties....
Article
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Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) can have an important role specially in agriculture where land is limited. This study was the first step to improve mushroom cultivation in Iraq by using locally available lignocellulosic materials as substrates, supplements and types of spawn. Effect of substrates, supplements and spawn on mycelium and browning...
Article
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The effects of superfine grinding on apparent structure, physicochemical properties, and functional characteristics of three kinds of mushroom (Lentinus edodes, Hericium erinaceus, and Cordyceps militaris) powders were investigated. Coarse and 100‐mesh powders of the mushrooms were prepared by common grinding, while a superfine powder was obtained...
Article
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We reported the development of an effective cancer treatment using a multidisciplinary treatment, including photodynamic therapy (PDT) with indocyanine green (ICG) liposomes and a combination of Lentinula edodes mycelia (LEM) and hydrogen gas inhalation therapy. ICG liposomes were prepared by adding 5 mg of ICG to 50 mL liposomes. Later, 25 mL of I...
Article
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The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with excellent fermented performance were screened for Lentinus edodes fermentation by measuring the growth status and acid producing capacity of different LAB in L. edodes, and the optimal mixed ratio of LAB was selected for the L. edodes fermentation through the mixed fermented test. Factors affecting the quality of...
Article
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As the widest cultivated edible mushroom worldwide, Lentinula edodes suffers serious yield and quality losses from heat stress during growth and development, and in our previous study, exogenous 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was found to improve the thermotolerance of L. edodes strain YS3357, but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. He...
Article
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The shiitake mushroom is the second-largest edible mushroom in the world, with a high nutritional and medicinal value. The surface texture of shiitake mushrooms can be quite different due to different growing environments, consequently leading to fluctuating market prices. To maximize the economic profit of the mushroom industry, it is necessary to...
Article
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This work assessed the mycelial growth rate (Kr) and basidiome production of two commercial strains of shiitake mushroom Lentinula edodes (B05 and M3790) in formulations composed of lignocellulosic residues from agricultural and agroindustrial activities in Northern Andean Patagonia and woody materials from invasive plants. The formulations consist...
Article
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In the present study, subcritical water extraction (SWE) assisted with deep eutectic solvent (DES) is used to extract Lentinus edodes polysaccharides (LEP). In addition, the antioxidant activity of the polysaccharide samples was also investigated. Based on a single factor test and response surface test, the optimal extraction factors were a liquid–...
Article
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The chemical and nutritional constituents of mushrooms can alter significantly when grown on different substrates. Based on this fact, an approach was made to cultivate a new type of mushroom, Hengshan Astragalus Shiitake, by growing Shiitake mushrooms on beds supplemented with the roots of an edible herbal plant, Astragalus membranaceus. In this s...
Article
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Objective To determine the efficacy, safety, and durability of the use of AHCC supplementation for 6 months to support the host immune system to clear high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. The AHCC supplement is a proprietary, standardized extract of cultured lentinula edodes mycelia (AHCC®, Amino Up, Ltd., Sapporo, Japan) that has been...
Article
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AHCC® is a standardized extract of cultured mushroom (Lentinula edodes) mycelia with a wide variety of therapeutic effects including anti-inflammatory, antitumor and antiviral effects. Trichinellosis, a food-borne parasitic zoonosis is caused by the nematode Trichinella spp. Infection with Trichinella is characterized by the induction of a Th1-type...
Article
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In this study, modified headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and electronic nose (E-nose) were utilized to investigate the dynamic aroma changes of Lentinula edodes (L. edodes) at different stages of vacuum freeze drying (VFD). The extraction efficiency of volatile compounds from...
Article
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Abstract Soluble dietary fiber has attracted much attention due to its significant health benefits to consumers. Edible fungi are abundant sources of soluble dietary fiber (SDF). The content and composition of soluble dietary fiber in edible fungi variy greatly according to varieties, growth stages and different parts. This review focuses on the ex...
Article
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Lentinula edodes (LE) is known as a good food source with potent anticancer efficacy, but its active chemical compounds and pathways against cancer have not been revealed. This study was to uncover the active chemical constituents and pathways of LE against cancer through network pharmacology. The chemical compositions were recognized by gas chroma...
Article
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Agro-wastes, such as crop residues, leaf litter, and sawdust, are major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions, and consequently a major concern for climate change. Nowadays, mushroom cultivation has appeared as an emerging agribusiness that helps in the sustainable management of agro-wastes. However, partial utilization of agro-wastes by...
Article
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The effect of hot-air dried Lentinula edodes pileus (DLE) on the quality and organoleptic properties of rolled-dumplings was evaluated. DLE was prepared by drying at 60°C for 24 h and added (Non, 7%, and 9%) to rolled-dumplings. The proximate composition, pH, color (CIE L*, a*, b*), and cooking yield were analyzed. Texture profile analysis, electro...
Conference Paper
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The mushroom need has been increased due to their use in medicinal and culinary practices. Besides, mushrooms are one of the good cash crops. Shiitake mushroom is the most important culinary medicinal mushroom which ranks at number two in terms of importance to the medicinal and culinary industries. However, the production in shiitake mushrooms is...
Article
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This study was conducted to investigate the nutritional effect of shitake mushroom extract (Lentinan) on some hematological and biochemical parameters in healthy female rabbits. The study included ourteen rabbits at age of (7-8) weeks. After acclimatization, animals were divided into two equal groups and as follows: first group (G1) included seven...
Article
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Biochar derived from Lentinus edodes (LBC) and CuFe2O4 (CuFe2O4@LBC) composites were prepared by the hydrothermal method, and were applied to activate persulfate (PDS) for degrading tetracycline (TC) in a wide pH range. The CuFe2O4@LBC composites were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and XPS. LBC-derived biochars greatly reduced the aggregation of...
Research
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Lentinula edodes (Berck.) pegler is one of Basidiomycetes which is type of white-rot fungi that have the most efficient lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose degraders in natural like hemicellulases, cellulases, and lignin-modifying enzymes, as well as the elements were released from substrates. The aim of the study to test the changes of elements in...
Article
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The effect of an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) drying system on the drying kinetics, microstructure and nutritional composition of shiitake mushrooms was studied. Shiitake mushroom slices were dried at 0, 18, 22, 26, 30 and 34 kV. The results showed that the drying rate, effective moisture diffusion coefficient and shrinkage of the EHD treatment group...
Article
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Lentinula (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) includes the most widely cultivated mushroom in the world, Lentinula edodes, also known as shiitake (Japanese) or xiang-gu (Chinese). At present, nine species are recognized in the genus, based on morphology, mating criteria, and geographic distributions. However, analyses of internal transcribed spacers (ITS)...
Article
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Shiitake mushrooms have been highly regarded as possessing enormous nutritive and medicinal values. No clinical studies have yet investigated the effect of shitake supplementation on the health of horses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of shiitake mushroom supplementation on the morphological and biochemical blood properties in ho...
Article
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Lentinula edodes (shiitake mushroom) is the medicinal macro-fungus popular in Japan and China. It is the second most well-known edible fungus in the global market after Agaricus bisporus Because of presence of dietary fibers, vitamins, proteins, minerals and carbohydrates, shiitake mushroom have significant nutritional worth. It is commonly cultiva...
Article
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This study investigates the sustainable production of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) mushroom using agro-industrial wastes. The substrate of Shiitake (80% rice straw + 20% sugar cane bagasse) was moistened with 0 (freshwater as control), 50, and 100% concentrations of secondarily treated dairy plant and sugar mill wastewaters (DPW and SMW). After prop...
Article
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Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on pea and rice protein fermented by Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) mycelia as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The NF is a mixture of fermented pea and rice protein concen...
Article
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Lentinus edodes is a fungus with rich nutritional value and good medicinal value and has accordingly become a substitute for other expensive wild edible mushrooms. In this study, for the first time, the matB gene was selected as an endogenous reference gene of L. edodes and identified as the species‐specific gene. The matB genes of L. edodes and 18...
Article
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Treatment strategies combining immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) with other agents have emerged as a promising approach in the treatment of cancers. AHCC®, a standardized extract of cultured Lentinula edodes mycelia, has been reported to inhibit tumor growth and enhance immune cell function. Here we investigated whether AHCC® promotes the therapeuti...
Article
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Lentinula edodes is one of the most important commercially cultivated edible mushrooms. It is well known that gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) supplementation in sawdust medium increases the yield of L. edodes, while the physiological mechanisms remain unclear. Our previous study showed that the acidification of the medium to pH 3.5–4.0 was essential for the gr...