Science topic

Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Science topic

Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Sexually Transmitted Diseases (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Chapter
Full-text available
How to organize clusters as local agents of transformative change, i.e. players that actively contribute to systemic sustainability transitions anchored in territories? We take a meta-organizational approach to the design of clusters for sustainability. We argue that achieving meta-organizational 'responsible actorhood' is a crucial condition for c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The slow pace of fertility decline in Africa relative to other parts of the world has important implications for the region's economic development. Modern contraceptive use is seen as important population control and family planning strategy by governments worldwide. This paper examines the socioeconomic determinants of modern contrace...
Article
Full-text available
Monkeypox has a very prominent regional epidemic. It has been confined to Western and Central African countries. Sporadic cases found in countries outside Africa generally have a history of sojourn in endemic areas. However, the recent multinational outbreak of monkeypox cases in Europe in early May 2022 has revealed a changing epidemiological tren...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Internet has become an important virtual venue for men who have sex with men to seek sexual partners, with a high potential threat to spread sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, the online sex-seeking use and its risk causing STIs spread remain unclear among heterosexual men. We conducted a cross-sectional study to invest...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a recurrent dysbiosis that is frequently associated with preterm birth, increased risk for acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The overgrowth of a key pathobiont, Gardnerella vaginalis , as a recalcitrant biofilm is central to the development of this dysbios...
Preprint
Full-text available
Syphilis is a primarily sexually transmitted disease that has gained importance again due to the increasing number of cases worldwide. This study aimed to investigate at how scientific output on Syphilis has changed since 1970 globally. This bibliometric study was performed in the Clarivate Analytics' Web of Science (Wos) database by searching the...
Presentation
Full-text available
The study of the risks associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections is largely approached from statistical and epidemiological perspectives. Less is known about how high-risk groups, such as the young, perceive these risks. Drawing on qualitative data collected from semi-structured interviews with young Spanish people aged between 18 and 34, we...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has demonstrated associations between delay discount rate and engagement in several health behaviors. The delay discount rate is also inversely associated with social discount rates, a putative measure for sharing. However, there is little research that examines whether delay and social discount rates are differentially associated...
Article
Full-text available
Condyloma acuminatum is a common sexually transmitted disease caused by human papillomavirus. Its prevalence and recurrence rates are high. While there are multiple treatment options for condyloma acuminatum, no single therapy form is effective in achieving complete remission. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) was shown to be very promising as a treatment...
Article
Full-text available
Relationship agreements are important for HIV prevention among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in relationships, with research earlier in the HIV epidemic often finding that agreements specified monogamy or condom use with casual partners. There is evidence that HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has shifted sexual practices among some men in relations...
Article
Full-text available
The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the use of recombinant proteins to diagnose STIs and evaluate the performance of the tests identified. The databases, SciELO, PubMed, CAPES Journal Portal, and LILACS, were searched according to the PRISMA protocol. A study was considered eligible if it met previously defined crit...
Article
Full-text available
Although nuanced parameterization of sexual behavior may improve estimates from mathematical models of human immunodeficiency virus and sexually transmitted infection transmission, prospective estimates of the incidence of specific sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) are limited. From December 2014 to July 2018, MSM with and with...
Presentation
Full-text available
Review of latest available Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS members) from the lens of SRHR suggests that the VNRs do not comprehensively analyse progress on SDG 5.6.1 (women’s ability to decide on reproductive health, contraceptive use and sexual relations) and 5.6.2 (countries with laws and...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual and gender minority individuals who attend collective sex venues (CSVs; establishments where people can have sex in groups or the presence of others) are at elevated risk for HIV and STIs. On-site sexual health interventions have been attempted at CSVs, but attendees’ interest in receiving such services is under-investigated. This paper pres...
Article
Full-text available
The social distancing measures introduced due to the COVID-19 pandemic may have affected the sexual behavior of the population. We collected data retrospectively from the National STD Center of Hungary. The overall patient influx data of the STD Center and the number of patients diagnosed with syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea infections were asse...
Article
Full-text available
The scope, complexity and the “volume” of knowledge accumulated render producing an overview of the core themes of science, technology and innovation policies difficult. Reviews of this policy domain mostly either refer to general issues without deep immersion into details or focus on specific narrower aspects. The paper uses semantic analysis to i...
Article
Full-text available
Background The cervicovaginal (CV) microbiome is highly associated with vaginal health and disease in both pregnant and nonpregnant individuals. An overabundance of Gardnerella vaginalis ( G. vaginalis ) in the CV space is commonly associated with adverse reproductive outcomes including bacterial vaginosis (BV), sexually transmitted diseases, and p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) remain a public health challenge, especially for Female Sex Workers (FSW) who are particularly vulnerable. In sub-Saharan Africa where the overlapping epidemics of STI and HIV are concentrated among key populations, epidemiological data are needed in order to better understand STI trends in this popu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Monkeypox is an emerging zoonotic disease caused by the monkeypox virus, which is an infectious agent belonging to the family of Poxviruses. Currently, commencing from the end of April 2022, an outbreak of monkeypox is ongoing, with more than 25,000 cases being reported as of August 3, 2022, involving 90 countries and territories across all the six...
Article
Full-text available
Annual screening for bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STI), including gonorrhea/chlamydia (GC/CT) and syphilis, is recommended for persons with HIV (PWH). We used the prevention index to quantify the extent to which STI screening was completed at guideline-recommended frequency in African American and Latinx persons, women, persons with a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Self-sampling packs for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and blood-borne viruses (BBVs) are widely offered. There are ongoing problems with reach and sample return rates. The packs have arisen without formal intervention development. This paper illustrates initial steps of an intervention optimization process to improve the packs....
Preprint
Full-text available
Clinical word embeddings are extensively used in various Bio-NLP problems as a state-of-the-art feature vector representation. Although they are quite successful at the semantic representation of words, due to the dataset - which potentially carries statistical and societal bias - on which they are trained, they might exhibit gender stereotypes. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Recent archaeological data assess that Tahiti and the Marquesas Islands were densely populated at contact with the Europeans and then experienced a tremendous decline. This phenomenon is most often attributed to epidemics, while a steady negative increase is rarely mentioned. This paper shows that the population of Tahiti was most probably around 1...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated whether different types of substance use predicted HIV seroconversion among a cohort of 449 Black men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW). A community-based sample was recruited in Atlanta, GA between December 2012 and November 2014. Participants completed a survey and were tested for STIs (Chlamydia and gonorrhoeae...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have consistently shown that diagnosis of a syphilis infection increases the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This study examines patterns in HIV incidence among men following a Primary and Secondary (P&S) syphilis diagnosis. P&S syphilis cases among men reported to the Texas Department of State Health Services between...
Article
Full-text available
Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI) globally. Metronidazole is the drug of choice for treating T. vaginalis infections although metronidazole-resistant T. vaginalis has been reported in clinical isolates. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of mutations in nitroreductas...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Gonorrhoea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the second most notified sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Australia and the case numbers for this STI have been increasing globally. Progressive gonococcal infection may lead to disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI), which causes significant morbidity among patients. This study aims...
Article
Full-text available
The awareness of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world, and the frequency of vaccination vary across countries. In Turkey, the rate of HPV vaccination is quite low even amongin women, and there is not much data on the frequency of vaccination among men. This study aimedto investigate the difference in...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Neonatal sepsis is a clinical illness characterized by infection-related signs and symptoms in the first month of life, with or without bacteremia. Septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia, arthritis, osteomyelitis, and urinary tract infections are all examples of systemic illnesses that can affect newborns. Hence, the main aim of this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Inequities in pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) experiences will impede HIV epidemic elimination among gay and bisexual men (GBM). Ethnicity is a strong marker of inequity in the United States, but evidence from other countries is lacking. We investigated experiences on-PrEP to 12 months follow-up in a prospective cohort of 150 GBM in Auckland, New Z...
Article
Full-text available
Although the HIV epidemic in Athens, Greece has reemerged and spread in men who have sex with men (MSM), state-supported PrEP programs have not been instituted. A PrEP intervention was implemented building upon an existing network cohort of MSM (308 participants; 1212 network members). A PrEP intervention cohort of 106 participants was selected bas...
Article
Full-text available
Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is the most common etiological agent of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and a worldwide public health issue. The natural course with C. trachomatis infection varies widely between individuals. Some infections clear spontaneously, others can last for several months or some individuals can becom...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Substance use behaviors are closely associated with increased risk for HIV and other STIs, but little has been reported about substance use among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mexico. We characterized classes of substance use among a nationwide sample of MSM in Mexico and examined the associations between substance use classes, sex...
Article
Full-text available
Young adults, particularly college students, report a higher prevalence of risky sexual behavior than the general population, increasing their likelihood for unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and negative psychological outcomes. Although sexual risk behavior and its consequences are a major public health concern, current...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to develop a pictorial scale for use in assessing the sexual knowledge of male high school students with intellectual disabilities studying at special education schools in Taiwan. A pictorial scale with 40 multiple-choice items was developed to assess the participants' relevant knowledge. Each item consisted of a written q...
Article
Full-text available
Arsenic is a known carcinogen and is naturally available in earth’s crust. Inorganic arsenic is an environmental pollutant with immunosuppressive properties. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. HPV is linked to several types of cancers in males, including oral, anal, an...
Article
Full-text available
This investigates the nature of reportage accorded Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) matters by the African Independent Television (AIT), Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) and Nigerian Television Authority (NTA). Science communication research is only beginning to feature in Nigeria as a key aspect of academic inquiry. However, sc...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) represent a vast reservoir of infections and cause major health problems among women of reproductive age. Such infections are frequently observed in developing countries. The aim of this study is to explore knowledge of, and attitudes to RTIs/STIs, practice of safe sex and treatment seeking behaviou...
Article
Full-text available
Contact tracing is a monitoring process including contact identification, listing, and follow-up, which is a key to slowing down pandemics of infectious diseases, such as COVID-19. In this study, we use the scientific collaboration network technique to explore the evolving history and scientific collaboration patterns of contact tracing. It is obse...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To explore the views, attitudes, and experiences of South Asian women in the UK regarding sexual health services. Methods: We performed virtual semi-structured interviews with South Asian women 18 and over living in the UK. We explored participants' experiences of accessing sexual health services, including contraception, smear tests...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The exposure of field pea crop to high-temperature stress during the anthesis and pod development stage led to poor pollination, development of shriveled pods and poor performance that results in reduced seed yield. The study aims to screen and identify heat-tolerant genotypes based on stress tolerance indices. One hundred forty-three f...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health challenge, particularly in developing countries where the health infrastructure is often poor. Despite having a number of interventions in Beitbridge (such as the 24-h wellness centre), Zimbabwe, the incidence and prevalence of STIs is increasing. Objectives: This study,...
Book
Full-text available
The Himalaya extends for a length of ~2500 km from west to east, lies between the Nanga Parbat and the Namche Barwa Syntaxes (Fig. 1). The Himalaya, a unique example of an archetypal convergent orogen, was created as a product of the closure of the Neo-Tethys Ocean and continent-continent collision between the Indian and south Eurasian plates aroun...
Article
Full-text available
Treatments for HIV and other STIs are not readily available in sub-Saharan Africa and other resource-limited areas, where the prevalence of HIV and other STIs is high. In the absence of treatment and laboratory infrastructure to monitor treatment efficacy, increasing awareness of STIs and STI screening are crucial components of STI prevention progr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major global healthcare burden, disproportionately affecting women. Self-sampling interventions for diagnostic purposes have the potential to improve STI healthcare management and expand STI services. However, there is currently no published evidence of the global use of self-sampling interv...
Article
Full-text available
While sexuality education is vital in supporting their sexual development, young people with disabilities experience specific barriers to accessing information related to sexuality. There are also indications that young people with disabilities have more unplanned pregnancies and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and are more often victim of s...
Article
Full-text available
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infections (STIs) worldwide. It is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), which is an obligate intracellular bacterium. In some cases, it can occur in coinfection with other parasites, increasing the pathologic potential of the infection. The treatment is based on antibiotic prescrip...
Article
Full-text available
Background Early sexual initiation is one of the risky sexual practices. Early sexual beginning is associated with an increased risk of HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unexpected pregnancies, unsafe abortion, premature deliveries, and psychosocial issues. However, there is still a lack of evidence, particularly in East Africa, whe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The amount of data available online is constantly increasing, including search behavior and tracking trends in domains such as Google. Analyzing the data helps to predict patient needs and epidemiological events more accurately. Our study aimed to identify dermatology-related terms that occur seasonally and any search anomalies during...
Article
Full-text available
Technical advances in diagnostic techniques have permitted the possibility of multi-disease-based approaches for diagnosis and treatment monitoring of several infectious diseases, including tuberculosis (TB), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STI). However, in many countries, diagnosis and moni...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We examined the impact of COVID-19-related restrictions on sexual behaviours, STI and HIV testing and testing need among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the UK. Methods We used social media and dating applications to recruit to three cross-sectional surveys (S1–S3) during the UK’s pandemic response (S1: 23 June–14 July 2020; S2: 23 N...
Article
Full-text available
“Undetectable equals Untransmittable”, or U=U, is a public health message designed to reduce HIV stigma and help communicate the scientific consensus that HIV cannot be sexually transmitted when a person living with HIV has an undetectable viral load. Between October 2020-February 2021 we conducted 11 in-depth interviews and 3 focus groups with div...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the continued miniaturization of semiconductor devices, slurry formulations utilized in the chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) process have become increasingly complex to meet stringent manufacturing specifications. Traditionally, in shallow trench isolation (STI), CMP, a contact cleaning method involving a poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) bru...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations are rare among Polish children, and the reasons are scant. The objective was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and awareness of parents about HPV vaccination to investigate reasons for low HPV vaccination coverage. Methods: 387 parents of children hospitalized at the Children’s Hospital were ask...
Article
Full-text available
The digital twins concept brings a new perspective into the system design and maintenance practice. As any industrial process can be accurately simulated, its digital replica can be utilized to design a control system structure, evaluate its efficacy and investigate the properties of the real system and possible issues. Based on such an analysis, i...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Previous surveys of male sex workers (MSW) in sub-Saharan Africa have not fully documented the HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) rates and vulnerabilities by age category. Methods The bio-behavioral survey of MSW in Nairobi, Kenya, utilized respondent-driven sampling to recruit MSW. Structured interviews captured MSW's be...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction People use social media and online sites as tools to get information about syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases. Methods We searched the term “syphilis” on YouTube on October 28, 2022, limiting results to the top 200 videos. Videos were scored using Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) by two evaluators. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the minimum feature size has shrunk below 7 nm, the device performances have become very sensitive to contamination and defects. Thus, post-CMP cleaning has become more demanding and challenging. Traditional solutions (SC-1, SC-2, SPM, and DHF) have been modified to meet the cleaning and surface condition requirements for each process, and many...
Chapter
Full-text available
La cooperación en Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (CTI) ha sido un factor determinante en las relaciones entre China y América Latina. Cambiando un énfasis tradicional concentrado en el sector primario, se ha evidenciado un renovado impulso de cooperación cuya sinergia ha contribuido a una dinámica dedicada al sector. En este contexto, verificamos...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the strain levels in the peri-implant bone as generated by the blade-like implant (BLI) and the screw-type implant (STI) with two different internal connections (hexagonal and conical) and with a 1:1 and 2:1 crown/implant (C/I) ratio. Methods: The implants (BLI and STI) were placed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O presente artigo aborda a produção e desenvolvimento de um Sistema Tutor Inteligente (STI) a ser utilizado no ensino de Equivalências Lógica proposicional, usufruindo de tecnologias na área da Inteligência Artificial (IA), aplicadas à educação. A usabilidade do STI desenvolvido é baseada na solução de atividades, provendo feedback paralelo ao prog...
Article
Full-text available
We examine syndemic profiles of intimate partner violence, mental health, drug use, incarceration, and infectious diseases (HIV, HCV, and STIs) among a sample of adult Mexican American women who were affiliated with youth street gangs during adolescence through their relationships to boys and men. Latent class analysis included multiple factors alo...