Science topic

Sexual Behavior - Science topic

Sexual activities of humans.
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I have come across a number of studies that use indirect reports to explore behaviours where social desirability might make people less likely to give accurate responses about their own behaviours - so for example rather than asking 'have you taken illegal drugs ask 'do you know people who have taken illegal drugs' (similar for risky sexual behaviours)... can be followed up by asking respondents to try to explain or give insight into those behaviours. Is anyone familiar with the source of a good methods paper for this sort of approach - I can imagine a number of pros and cons but I am sure there must be something written. Failing that, any suggestions of studies that use these sorts of methods would be appreciated.
I feel sure that this must be a topic somewhere but I am struggling to find a good source.
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The following paper is an interesting read for sensitive content: https://petsymposium.org/2022/files/papers/issue3/popets-2022-0069.pdf
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Dear All, I would like to ask, is it possible to obtain data in some databases, websites about sexual behavior in different countries of Europe or the World? Thank You! Best regards Stefan
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Hi Štefan,
I recommend that you contact the ISSM and the European Federation of Sexology (EFS) for more accurate information and data.
In the rest of the world, you can contact sexology academies and similar organizations.
I hope you obtain the necessary information.
Kind Regards,
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Dear colleagues,
as a sexualities researcher, I am faced with a difficult question regarding the complex dynamics between seeking ways in which evidence-based science on human sexual orientation (e.g. on the normalcy of homo-/bi-sexuality, understanding of unchangeability and immutability in the domain of attractions; proven harmful effects of sexual orientation change efforts - SOCE; minority stress and stigma influence on LGBT+ people's well-being, etc.) collide with the prevalent doctrines perpetuated by various Churches (e.g. by Catholic Church, etc.). For example, in most of the Catholic discussions or written sources, I continue to see distinguishing between one's sexual orientation (as a trait) and the seeming (and seen as sinful) choice of acting upon this "drive" or "impulse".
By making this distinction, one is faced with a view in which human (homo/bi)sexuality is represented as (a) suppressible and (b) possibly changeable.
Here, I would like to ask you, fellow scholars, if you have some resources, references, results of your research as well as consequent suggestions in which it may be possible to find fruitful grounds for progressive discussion with a capacity for reconciling this schism between scientific evidence on (a) understanding of sexuality as human natural physiological need similar to hunger or thirst (Maslow 1987 Motivation and Personality), and (b) unchangeability of sexual orientation and harmful practices of SOCE which is backed by several position statements by respected scientific communities like World Psychiatric Association (Bhugra, D., Eckstrand, K., Levounis, P., Kar, A., & Javate, K. R. (2016). WPA Position Statement on Gender Identity and Same-Sex Orientation, Attraction and Behaviours. World psychiatry: official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), 15(3), 299–300. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20340)
In this view, the religious (normative, moral) requirement of suppression or alteration of someone's sexual orientation and proscribed partner selection effectively restricting homo/bisexual individuals' potentials for forming and sustaining long-term relationships (and in this view acting upon their physiological desires) poses a substantial barrier to their well-being as well. The significance of these questions surpass individuals or interindividual psychology, they foray into law, religious freedoms, bioethics and so much more.
I am sure that many have asked themselves similar questions, so perhaps this discussion will also benefit other scholars.
Sincerely,
Michal Pitoňák
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Thank you for your response Lukasz Dominik Kaczmarek . In this respect, I wonder whether the church does, in fact, distinguish between the voluntary and respected priests' devotion to celibacy and the enforced moral requirement of non-heterosexuals to suppress their sexuality which would otherwise be viewed as sinful? I see there is both normative/moral difference as well as distinction in motivation and role of individual's choice.
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If anyone is over 18 and would be interested in taking part in a 15-20minute masters forensic psychology thesis questionnaire please feel free to do so following this link
this is about sexual behaviours and power in a workplace.
Thank you so much
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If you still need help I'd be willing to take part. I am working towards my bachelor's in forensic psychology.
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In the 19-item McCoy questionnaire on female sexual health, how do I converted question 12 (frequence of sexual intercourse) into 7-point categories on a percentage-wise basis?
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If you are actually looking for percentages then I would take the 7 and dived it in to 100 and get about 14.28. This would me that every answer is about 14% on a scale of 1-7 (which I am assuming that you are using). I would then assign each number a percentage range and then find the average(median):
1: 0%-14% (7%)
2: 14.1%-28% (21%)
3: 28.1%-42% (35%)
4: 42.1%-56% (49%)
5: 56.1%-70% (63%)
6: 70.1%-84% (77%)
7:84.1%-100% (92%)
I hope this answer helps. It sounds difficult but after practice it becomes really easy.
v/r
Ken
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I am in the literature gathering stage of my dissertation, and I would love to read anything and everything to help guide me!
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Dear Pantelis, as part of the CNM Committee of the Div44 APA, I'd like to point out that there is an academically-sourced open list of publications on this area. It is not fully complete, of course, but it is bar none the most comprehensive resource on this area.
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I realize a project, research about specifies of sexual behavior of Slovak woman and men during COVID-19 epidemic.
What do you think about the impact of the COVID-19 and lockdown on sexual behavior? Has anything changed in your countries? After my first analyzes of research sample (2225 respondents), it turns out that the frequency of sexual intercourse is increasing in our country, but the quality of perception of sexual life also shows an increasing tendency.
I´m looking forward to your answers.
Have a nice day!
All the best
Stefan
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Dear Zora,
I absolutely agree with you!
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Hi,
In my country - Slovakia, I have already managed to get 200 answers from sex workers to the questionnaire about sex work. I would like to extend the research to other countries. I am looking for authors from other countries to publish together.
Best regards
Stefan
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Hello, my Masters (dissertation) was on Young females in the care system in Ireland becoming involved in prostitution. I found it nearly impossible to interview service users with this history due to ethical issues but I was able to interview staff working with these women and some of the staff came through the care system and ended up working in that area. At present I am looking at my PhD and extending this research into trafficking (migrants, asylum seekers and refugees) coming into Ireland for the sole purpose of sex work.
Kind regards
Celine
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Hello everyone. I'm half way my PhD and I would like to ask if anyone knows of any reliable psychometric scale with robust validity concerning the perception of risky sexual behaviour (RSB). I've searched high and low for one and I've found a very good one with good reliability and validity. Unfortunately, it is aimed at a female demographic and cannot be adapted for the scope of my research which concerns men-who-have sex with men (MSM). I'd appreciate any help/suggestions. Many thanks,
Marcus R. Bezerra
PhD Student
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Thank you Katrina and Cristian. I have finally found a good psychometric that examines the relationship between attitudes to RSB and attitudes to PrEP uptake, which is exactly what I needed, yippee!
Thank you both ever so much for taking the time and effort to answer my question. Best wishes, Marcus
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Does it matter if Picasso was driven by destructive maschismo in his relationships, Oscar Wilde employed rent boys, Einstein was promiscuous (maybe) when heralding their different achievements? Scott FitzGerald produced one of the most beautifully written novels of the last century, does it matter if he was an alcoholic?
Are art and science subject at any point to personal moral justification?
Bear in mind that the morals usually employed are from the Abrahamic religions so on most occasions it concerns behaviour in relationships and worry most over sexual behaviour.
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I love Jon's answer and I find Ahmad's answer particularly intriguing. One man's morality may be another man's immorality, and we should be careful passing judgment on "flaws" (or even worse). On the other hand, when we understand an artist to be flawed (or even worse), there's no reason why we can't admire the demonstrated skill without admiring the person who demonstrated it.
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Human sexual behaviour changes with different circumstances. During COVID 19 pandemic, people adapted different behaviours to improve quality of life. Is there any change in human sexuality during this period?
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Thank you Michael
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I am interested in finding research that evaluates the combined impact of epigenetic factors, prenatal development (for example hormone imbalance) and childhood trauma (such as an impaired attachment bond with one or both parents) in determining sexual orientation.
Thank you!
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where morphological differences have been described?  Even if we could get enough tissue samples from homosexuals and heterosexuals, their epigenetic imprints may be very individualized, i.e. we have no normalized controls. 
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Lockdowns are likely to have a range of impacts on sexual behaviour and transmitted diseases. Not only will people put off attending sexual health clinics but testing might also be delayed and occur late in the disease progression.
Is there any data analysis already on this? I suspect not so I'd be interested to hear views on this, especially from different geographical areas!
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We plan to study transcultural factors of stigmatization against homosexualty. Anyone who might be interested in from different cultures?
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I want to have a knowledge, of tecnic and scientific nature, non only a funny conversation of joke nature, on the "homosexuality" word.
Also if OMS does no more consider homosexuality an organic disease, from the 1973 year, and the OMS does no more consider the homosexuality a psychological disease from 1980, and the new books of medicine and phsicologydo not mention more this disease, i want to read or I want to listen a serious conference that treats the problem in a serious way, that can desribe the real scientific and tecnical nature, as well as the medical enciclopedy described the homosexuality before the 1973 year, with a scientific and tecnical description, that can be also very long, hundreds of pages, with diagnosis, symptomatology, etiology and, at last an adeguate therapy without sufferings and pains for the patients affected by this disease, in order to awake not an insult from homofobic people, but only, a real, scientific knowdlege of the problem, without jokes on the "homosezuality" word, and over all in order that anybody can know the difference among homosexuality occasional or temporal, and, instead the genuine or permanent kind of homosexuality, in order that nobody cannot more commit the bad mistake to push, a genuine or permanent homosexual, to contract heterosexual marriage. I think that i have been clear on this my answer.
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Does anyone have any data on the transmission of STIs among straight meth users due to different sexual activity after meth use. Not chem sex per se rather the effect of the drug on sexual behaviour ie takes longer to cum carpet burns on your back and skin tears on your genitals how do those changes expose people to potential transmission
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I made one pilot study a two years ago. Gender differences in socio-demographic characteristics, perception of MA and STD/HIV, MA use practices, and sexual behaviours related to MA use were examined among 159 non-injecting heterosexual MA users (98 males, 61 females).
Male MA users were more likely to be married, local, and self-employed; female MA users were more likely to be young, single, engaged in commercial service or unemployed. Female MA users usually start MA use at an earlier age than males (24.3 vs. 31.3 years old), with shorter abuse durations (2.6 vs. 2.9 years), higher frequency of MA use (3.6 vs. 2.4 times per week), and higher likelihood of using MA with heterosexual partners (100% vs. 78.1%). More male MA users have had multiple sex partners (96.9% vs. 77.3%) and sex exchanges (72.9% vs. 46.4%). Among 277 males who had had sex with commercial sex workers (CSW), 69.4% never used condoms, and among 77 males who had had sex with multiple partners who are commercial sex workers and always or usually used condoms, 87.0% never changed condoms when changing partners.
CONCLUSION: There may be gender difference in the characteristics of high-risk behaviours among non-injecting heterosexual MA users. The findings suggest the integration of specific risk reduction strategies into intervention programs for non-injecting heterosexual MA user populations may significantly improve program goals.
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i want to detect the onest of puberty in female lambs ,so i estimated the P4 plasma concentration but it is not enough ,for that i track sexual behavior pre_puberty or during start it,moreover i can not use any rams in the experiment .
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The problem you have is that ewes and ewe lambs do not really show oestrous behaviour in the absence of rams. Frequent progesterone sample and analysis will pinpoint the start of reproductive activity. You need to sample the animals twice weekly at a minimum.
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Which is the best way to record behaviour of goats in free range conditions , is it observation or through camera recordings? Due to high cost of other behavioural recording inputs ( GIS collar or activity meters on goats), we are not able to use these for our current project. Please suggest what method and sampling period will be useful for us to record the above mentioned behaviours
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What about a serious of wild-cameras (they are not that expensive)?
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in many insect including Lepidoptera, there are two kind of sperm: Eupyrene and Apyrene. how can we distinguish two kind of sperm in pictures?
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Dear Fatemeh,
besides Lepidoptera the other group with well studied sperm dimorphism are the prosobranch gastropods. My studies of Serpulorbis strongly suggest, that the "atypical" spermatozoa supply (or are) nutrition to the typical spermatozoa (which are the regular, fertile spermatozoa). There might be some similarity in your objects of research.
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I am looking at Happiness and how the pain of loneliness causes depression and other problems.
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Loneliness, and shame about one's body will enter the many reasons why men will contact a sex worker. It can be about sex, and it can be about wanting to be touched. It can be because he does not want a divorce, but for whatever reason the sexual part of the marriage is causing hurt and frustration.
It can be because he is ashamed of his desires but she will not make him feel that shame.
As researchers if we want to make sense of why men pay for sexual services we must first respect their decisions and pay attention to what they tell us.
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Looking for reviewers of a journal paper focusing on Concraceptive use and Sexual behavior. My reviewing journal asked that I provide at least 4 suggested reviewers, whom I have not co-authored a paper with in the last 5 years. Anyone interested to help speed up the review process?
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Yes I would like bmr90@hotmail.com
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I await eagerly, pls
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In addition when using multiple logistic regression, it seems that it will be important to control for age, gender, measures of socioeconomic status and/or educational attainment, marital status, and other confounders (perhaps, family-related metrics if your data is from a sample of non-autonomous individuals) that may be known to influence the associations you are examining.
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We are currently studying on our research paper and we are looking for a standardized questionnaire for our variable Sexual Behavior.
Your help would be highly appreciated. Thank you!
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Could be SOI, SOI-R, or the Kinsey scale, what do you want to measure?
regards
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Human papilloma virus, sexual behaviour and logical places of infection and malignancy
The locations on the body of sexual transmitted infections with human papilloma viruses, can correlate with "inovationes" in sexual behaviour.
It is logical that the viral affects (condilomata, precancerous lesions and carcinoma) can be located on cervix, vulva, glans penis, prostata, anal region, oral region and tongue, head and neck, larynx, oesophagus and breast.
Very important is the possible causal connection between human papilloma virus infection and breast carcinoma.
Data show that apart from the heart and the kidney, the virus has been found in all other organs that have been analyzed so far, i.e., prostate, urinary bladder, oral cavity, larynx, esophagus, stomach, colon, liver, vagina/vulva, endometrium, ovary, breast, penis, anus, skin, and lung. Some of the detection rates are remarkable, e.g., colon cancer up to 97%, lung cancer 80%, and breast cancer 74% (Petersen I, Klein F., 2008)*.
Double primary carcinomas (cervix and breast) in the same person is not rare.** The occurrence of a second malignancy in a patient with a known malignant tumor is not uncommon.
It could be supposed the same or similar etiology (Viral?, HPV ??***) or coincidence of different etiological factors.
Maybe the new antiviral therapy and the Gardasil vaccination can be helpful for different types of malignancy, especially for very frequent and dangerous breast, anal and ovarian cancers.
* Pathologe. 2008 Nov;29 Suppl 2:118-22.
** http://www.google.com/search?q=double+carcinoma+cervix+breast&rls=com.mi... -us:IE-SearchBox&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&sourceid=ie7&rlz=1I7ADBS
***British Journal of Cancer (2006) 94, 338–338. ***Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (1992), Vol.21, No 2
Competing interests: None declared
Competing interests: No competing interests
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I try to undestand.
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When being asked about the number of partners they have had, sex workers and sexual assault survivors may not want to include their clients or their rapist. Does anyone have questions they have used or suggestions for how to word survey questions to take this into account? How do we give survey respondents permission to leave these sexual partners out of the total and do so in a sensitive way?
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One possibility is prefacing these questions with a brief explanation that the questions refer to consenting partners, since reaching age of majority, and excluding any sex work.
Your data will be noisier if you leave it up to the respondent to include or not. If you want to focus on consenting sexual behavior outside of sex work, then I would recommend specifying.
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It has been a common ritual that many men beg for sex with their wives. Through my recent collaborative research on the problems in the marriages in Ghana, I realized from the responses of many husbands that majority of the problems they have with their wives is with respect to sex. Many husbands regrettably admitted that they had to beg their wives, offer a promise of giving material things and/or bribe before their wives give them the opportunity to have sexual relations with them. This made me wonder whether sex should be a sympathetic activity for husbands in marriage. Please, kindly share your views on this topic to sustain marriages in Ghana and the diaspora.
Thanks in advance.
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The defect in the causes of marriage and not what happens after marriage
Because marriage is a noble social project and a moral contract between spouses
Therefore, a breach of the condition of this contract will lead to failure and the destruction of the family and then society
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Looking specifically at the developed world, countries like The Netherlands and the interplay between the sex industry and the status of women
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Please let me know if this reference/site is helpful to you:
Women in sports.
INF25 Gender equality and elite sport - Council of Europe
by G Pfister - ‎Cited by 10 - ‎Related articles
Nov 28, 2011 - 2 http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/epas/resources/texts/Res(81)3_en.pdf .... In Norway team handball is a sport dominated by women, whereas female.You've visited this page many times. Last visit: 9/10/17.
Please see reference attached.
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
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I am doing a study of smoking behaviour in rural areas of India. I have selected 300 families and all adult members from the family.
If I want to find out is there a family effect on smoking behaviour, how should I do the analysis or what test I should use.
To make myself clear - my logic is if one family member is smoking will it influence other members? 
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Interesting.  It would seem that if there is such an influence that you would find an unusually high number of families with either a very low or a very high percent of family members smoking.  If it were only by chance, with no family influence, I'd expect a more "normal-like" looking distribution.   You could plot a histogram to see how this looks.  Note however that there could be many other influences, and this 'model' may be too oversimplified.
That's just one suggestion for exploration.    
Generally, I'd prefer confidence intervals as more practically interpretable than hypothesis tests, for which I have not found a use in many years.  However, here you might want to compare some result with one that would have been found at random, considering some other hypothesis.  At any rate, be certain to look at a type II error probability for an alternative hypothesis, as a lone p-value is generally misleading and incomplete without knowing information on effect size, to set a reasonable threshold for p.  (Many use 0.05 or 0.01 for everything, and that is a mistake which indicates misunderstanding.) 
First, I suggest plotting a histogram and collect descriptive statistics and any other graphics which might help you to decide what you want to do to learn something about what you want to know.  
It occurs to me that I assumed you were looking at a population where perhaps many smoke, but many do not.  In some countries, such as the US, however, there are relatively few who smoke now at all.  (Some rural areas probably have relatively more smokers, and there are other categorical possibilities.)  In a population where very few smoke, or very many, then the histogram distribution above might, I suppose, be rather odd-shaped, but I don't know.  Just guessing.  
Usually you want to have a better plan as to what you are trying to examine, but you might consider this to be more of an "Exploratory Data Analysis." 
Just a few thoughts.  
Best wishes. 
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Dear colleagues, we are conducting a systematic review on the effect of marijuana on sexual performance (main outcomes include Erectile Dysfunction, Anorgasmia, Libido, Ejaculation time/early ejaculation, Erection time, Vaginal dryness, Dyspareunia, Pleasure, Frecuency of sex intercourse). We are missing an expert in the area to guide/review our work. Would you have recommendations? Thank you in advance. J.
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Thank you Jonathan
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I am currently part of a project examining re-offence rates amongst adolescents who have committed harmful sexual behaviour. We are currently in the process of planning how to obtain follow up data after they have left our service provision. Due to historic experiences of poor response rate or difficulty in locating the individuals involved, have other researchers been able to obtain reoffending data from either the courts or the home office? And if so please could you explain how you went about this. 
Many thanks,
James
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James, thanks for your question.  I cannot speak for the UK, but in the United States, there are some certain issues that must be overcome prior from gathering any specific data on sexual offenders.  Depending on the offender's status, information is available through the Internet on location, but not behavior.  You may consider contacting your court system to see whether you made interview individuals while incarcerated, specifically if they are incarcerated for the second time for the offenses you are interested in.  Again, you may have trouble, as you mentioned, procuring volunteers, but with the court's permission, you may be able to provide some incentives for volunteering.  That said, speaking to individuals regarding such sensitive issues are always a challenge.  Consider discussing your interests to your court system for their advice – best,, Frank
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Hi, I am doing a study on understanding premarital sexual behavior among adolescents. In order to understand the individual differences I am thinking to use social control and learning theories to see the individual differences based on some variables related to social control and leanings, using the quantitative method, In order to understand the perspective of adolescents, I am thinking to symbolic interaction perspective (to understand the meaning and process involved), using an in-depth interview, qualitative method. My supervisor is suggesting me to see the gender differences and its reason also. I am getting confusion which gender theory can be used and how I can I link up with my other theoretical perspective. I would be very grateful, if any one can give us a genuine suggestion.
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Thanks Sergio A. Silverio, Kaliya Madam, Dede and Robin,
1.    Research questions
The main purpose of this study is to understanding the pattern and process of changes in premarital sexual behaviour among adolescents in the changing context of Nepalese society. More specifically, it will focus on answering the following research questions:
·       What are the prevailing practices around premarital sexual behavior by age, sex and place of residence (urban/rural)?
·       What are the underlying intermediate and structural determinants of changes in premarital sexual behavior?
·       How do adolescents and other key social agents perceive premarital sexual behavior (risk taking, pleasure, good, bad, etc.)?
·       How do adolescents make negotiations and decision around premarital sexual behavior (voluntarily, involuntarily, forcedly etc.)?
Am thinking to conduct the study in two phases employing both quantitative and qualitative methods, so it employs a mixed method.  The first phase, will focus on quantitative study, two answer first two questions . This phase will focus on describing the prevalence of premarital sex, and the strength and direction of influence of selected factors drawn from the literature. This will be undertaken using secondary data from the National Survey.
The second phase will focus on answering that what are the reasons behind the individual and genders differences in premarital sexual behaviour, how do adolescents and other key social agents perceive premarital sex, and how do they involve in negotiating decision around premarital sex. This will be undertaken through the qualitative study, which comprises in-depth interviews (if anay one can help me toa have ethical protocol and the questionnaire, please)  with adolescents and focus group discussions with adolescents and influencers.
All theories agree that the sexual behaviour is not innate but socially constructed, however through different mechanism. Thus, focusing on only one factor is unlikely to explain much about the premarital sexual behaviour. Similarly, the review of theories of premarital sex have revealed a piecemeal theoretical statements and inconsistent empirical support for them. There is a paucity of well-developed comprehensive theories to describe, explain, or predict premarital sexual behaviour among adolescents. I am thinking to use social determinants of health  (purposed by WHO) as an overarching theoretical framework expecting that this will help to understand several dimensions highlighted by other theories, as well as structural dimensions. Integration of multiple dimensions will present more powerful multifaceted explanation of premarital sexual behaviour than any one theory in the context of Nepal, where there is scarce of information in this issue.
Is there any studies which have used this framework relevant fro my studies.  
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Most standard tests in mice are related to sexual and reproductive behaviors. What I am interested in is social behavior in more general terms, such as gregariousness, hierarchy, group preference. Do mice prefer to be with their mates or tend to avoid groups, when sexual and reproductive drives are not present?      
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Kedves Sándor! Nagyon köszönöm az együttgondolkodást, és a hasznos javaslatokat!
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People with disabilities have sexual needs that can not be met normally. In addition, families maintain their sexuality as a taboo subject. I would like to investigate people with disabilities who access prostitution, how are the relationships, what specific needs they have ... I do not find much information about it. Thanks.
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If you search Utube I know you will find material on this topic I am sure the BBC covered such a topic following one mother's quest to take her Downs Syndrome son to Amsterdam red light area there are also utube clips about a group of disabled young people some thing similar to the inbetweeners looking at their attitude to relationship sexuality if I can find its name I will put it up do you 
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I am interested to know the sexual and mental health status (as a separate domain) of involuntary bachelors (30+ years of age group) who are considered as lifelong unmarried males in an underdeveloped region/District of Rajasthan, India.
Please suggest me any such comprehensive schedules/questionnaires/survey tools that help me for the survey.  
Thank you for your time.
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Sexual activity is an important dimension within quality of life.The fundamental psychological needs of an individual are represented by four psychodynamic factors: attachment, autonomy, sexual identity, and self-esteem. Sexual disorders are common in psychiatric patients and include desire, arousal, orgasmic, and pain disorders. Along with the positive aspects of human sexuality,
however, mental illnesses can also affect an individual’s sexual health. I think you can use "Sexual Dysfunction Questionnaire" (SDQ). Try to look for the available Literature review. It will help for sure. Best of luck in your future endeavor.
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I am working on my dissertation and am hoping to find as much literature as I can on the topic above. 
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Not sure if you are looking at an international perspective but in the UK it's best practice for motivational interviewing by trained health advisors to be offered to those reporting risky sexual health behaviours, and often located within sexual health clinics, so people receive sexual health checks and treatment at the same time. If this area is of interest/relevance I'd recommend looking at BASHH.org and https://www.fsrh.org/home/ to get an idea of UK guidelines and the evidence base these were developed from. 
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There are so few measurements for transgender relevant gender dysphoria and/or gender identity.  Specifically, I am looking for both scales that can accurately measure how an individual who may be questioning their gender identifies and at what level they may be experiencing dysphoria and also scales that can examine these issues at different phases during transition.  If nothing exists, I would like to work with interested researches to create them.
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Hey Angus,
Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis and Madeleine S.C.Wallien (2008). Psychosexual outcome of gender-dysphoric children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47 (12), 1413-23, DOI: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e31818956b9 provides several scales, both for adults and children. Interestingly, they do also provide a questionnaire for parents. 
Their follow-up study, Thomas D. Steensma, Roeline Biemond, Fijgje de Boer and Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis (2011). Desisting and persisting gender dysphoria after childhood: A qualitative follow-up study. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry16(4), 499-516, DOI: 10.1177/1359104510378303, provide a series of key biological, psychological and social elements for understanding the persisting/ desisting transitioning process of gender dysphoric children.
I am transgender and I am interested to work with you on creating a new scale!
It would be great if we could have some experienced clinician(s) working with transgender people on board as well as research group members from different cultural/ethnical backgrounds.
Best,
Anne Elfje Fluijt
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Hello! I am currently conducting a research for my PhD on the incidence of drug use among the sexually exploited victims of human trafficking.
The aim of the research is to identify the existing connections between drug use and sexual exploitation for the purpose of drafting specifically tailored prevention measures and assistance measures. In this context, I was wondering if you have come across this subject before or if you know existent research on the nexus between sexual exploitation and use of drugs.
Personal opinions on the subject would also be valuable as they might reflect angles of which we have not thought of analyzing before.
Thank you very much in advance for your inputs and good luck to everyone with the conducted researches!
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Dear Marcel,
Yes, exactly this is what I was looking for! Thank you so much!
Best wishes and good luck in your research!
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Hi
I'm learning about behavior, in the hypothesized case when i observe a male and a female but this female is not in heat, what kind of interaction can i observe in this pair?, there is exist a possibility for observe "agonistic interactions" instead of "sexual behavior"?
I've read "The Analysis of Social Organization in Animals" and there, Scott mentions a case in rats but there's no more information about it.
Thanks in advice!
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 Hi Jannis.
I'm working on with gobies (Elacatinus puncticulatus) so i was experiencing a few problems defining the type of interactions between them but after a few papers read and with your answer, everything is more clear.
Yesterday, I read an article where the authors explain courtship in GREY HERON and they describe that the general patron is a combination between "agonistic" and "sexual" behavior.
Moreover, in fishes, there are some postures that indicate if you can consider a behavior pattern as agonistic or courtship (e.g. fin display), additionally you can consider the OSR (ASR), environment (resources) as the primary factors affecting the type of interaction.
Thank you Jannis,
regards
Miguel
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Many religious ministers see the struggle against sexual harassment as an integral part of their ministerial duties. Does empirical evidence indicate that religious ministers are significantly adding to the success of ongoing public campaigns against such harassment? Or should other professionals (social workers, psychologists etc.) lead the public struggle against sexual harassment? 
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As Cindy has said more is better but at the same time here, one should be cautious while including new people in the move, lest they prove to be regressive because as somebody has said, all the religions of the world are based on womens exploitation. So discrimination is very likely to be set in their minds.
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I recently added a project regarding this question.
Basically sex is these days mostly not related to reproduction. Instead it fulfills other function. People have sex for enjoyment, out of love, in order to relax or to have certain experiences involving satisfaction or even something spiritual.
In that regard an orgasm, which may be a peak orgasm (following the stages publishes by Masters and Johnson), is possibly the goal but not the only reason such an experience is wanted and looked for. People may want sex for many other aspects of a sexual experience.
Whereas males may be less interested in a broader experience than females and females even need that part of sexuality to reach a peak orgasm, females may also have a greater variety in term of both what contributes to excitement and what is experienced as orgiastic, fulfilling etc.
Sexual behaviour is arguably more related to consciousness than to mere physiology. People make conscious choices to have sex, use contraceptives and engage in different forms of sexual activities and experiences. There may be a lot of unconsciousness involved as well. People may be driven to have a lot of sex, because they are addicted or need it for relaxation, to be able to sleep etc. They may want it to fulfill psychological needs that they are not (fully) aware of.
If you are interested in these questions, please check out this project: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Consciousness-and-female-orgasms
We are still looking for collabators.
Cheers
Hans Ricke
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I added a project update today on request, so please have a look and comment either there or here.
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We know it's a hypnotic at 100 mg qhs, even if little studied as such.
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The ideas explored in this paper are straightforward and sensible (being tired or exhausted is probably, and indeed, the most understudied, factor negatively impacting sexual desire and arousal) but I do not see the connection with flibanserin, which doesn't really has been proven to help to begin with. Also, being (more) rested does not necessarily increase desire for sex. One might just want to focus on other things. So, yes, lack of sleep --> negative impact on sex. But 'denying the antecedent' (NOT having a lack of sleep) does not, per se, need to resutt in more sex. And then, the flibanserin part -- a drug that is so ineffective -- just thinking of it makes me sleepy.
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I'm Suraj. Currently, I'm a public health student of Institute of Medicine. As part of the curriculum, I need to do research. I'm going to do my research on factors affecting adolescent sexual behavior. So, please help me and give a suggestion.
Thank you
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Maybe this literature review we recently published could serve as a starting point? Or the Zimmer-Gembeck and Helfand review in Dev Psych in 2008?
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An instrument that assesses perceived sexual health and actual sexual behaviours
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your topic is very broad and you didn't clarify target group, aim of study ,...
But the following article may be helpful!
The Role of Beliefs in Sexual Behavior of Adolescents: Development and Validation of an Adolescent Sexual Expectancies Scale (pages 639–648)Beth Bourdeau, Joel W. Grube, Melina M. Bersamin and Deborah A. Fisher
Version of Record online: 9 NOV 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00697.x
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Salam, I am about to conduct a research about Sex education for school age especially the 4th-6th grade. I see it is important to give them  sex education as early as they will experience puberty. Because puberty will bring some consequences for them, physically, psychologically, culturally, and religiously. I need help with understanding the conceptual and theoretical framework that will support the study. Thank you for your help
-Ani-
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Dear Ani, 
I can suggest to read the guidelines on sex-ed of the World Health Organization. They could be a good starting point...
here you are the link where you can find all you need
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I am interested in the rate of infections for prostitutes, sex workers and/or the victims of human trafficking.
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You'd really need to stratify and segment the market to get these figures in any meanjngful way, and other factors intervene. The more organised higher class levels are pretty fastidious about testing etc and even lower down safe sex is the norm. The ones who practice unsafe are usually ostracized and guys who require it blacklisted, but there are much lower levels eh trafficked women where the women are just abused and when they are no longer marketable may be deliberately infected. However, where infection does occur at lower levels it is usually a result of drug use, which of course is a major reason why women are on the streets. CDC has figures.
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Anthropology
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I'd say above all Alan Dixson (2012. Primate Sexuality). It covers a huge amount of topics, from anatomy to physiology, hormones, and brain areas in a comparative perspective. Another book by him is the 2009 one (Sexual Selection and the Origins of Human Mating Systems), but i found many topics already discussed in "primate sexuality".
Roy Levin wrote a lot on male and female's orgasm and the like. Then, you can check also for "Komisaruk & Whipple (2011). Non-genital orgasms". In Levin you can find references regarding the "upsuck theory" of the female orgasm due to oxytocin which would promote fertilization.
As for the "Value" of orgasm in an evolutionary perspective, I recently came into few people such as Pham and Schackelford, who were involved in why humans perform oral sex and —indeed— the value of it, dealing with mate retention, sperm competition, infidelity detection, and so on.
Good luck!
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In spite of reports of increasing use of condoms among MSM, there is a constant increase in the number of new cases per year, specially among youngsters. There is some research on unwanted pregnancies which points to attachment styles in women, marking more unwanted pregnancies in women with avoiding style of attachment. I hypotesized a link between these cases and MSM.
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Australas Med J. 2011; 4(10): 469–473.
Published online 2011 Nov 30. doi:  10.4066/AMJ.2011.563
PMCID: PMC3562872
A study on risk factors associated with inconsistent condom and lubricant use among men who have sex with men in central Karnataka, India
D Kiran, 1 R Manjunath, 1 K Aswin K, 1 BK Patil, 1 and DK Mahabalaraju 1
1.Manipal University, India
Corresponding author.
Dr D Kiran Asst Prof,Dept of Public Health, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India; Email: .moc.liamg@dgrudrd.
Author information ► Copyright and License information ►
 
Copyright © Australasian Medical Journal
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
 
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Abstract
Background
Among the sexual minority groups, the Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) community is a large and scattered network. Sexual activity among MSM is frequent and often unplanned. STI and HIV are major medical problems faced by this vulnerable group. Stigma and discrimination towards this group result in poor access to preventive services that encourage condom and lubricant usage.
Method
A cross-sectional, community-based study of 309 MSM was carried out in the Davangere district between December 2008 and February 2010. Participants were identified in three stages: cruising venue identification and mapping; determining eligibility and willingness to participate; and recruitment to the study. Consecutive sampling was used to recruit the participants with the help of a snowball technique, obtaining informed and written consent.
Results
Of the participants 79.61% and 88.03% reported inconsistent use of condom and lubricant during the three months prior to the interview, respectively. In multivariate analysis, middle socioeconomic class, sex in a public place and increased frequency of sex were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use. Whereas, practising both types of anal sex (receptive and insertive), not using a condom during the last sexual encounter and increased frequency of sex were significantly associated with inconsistent lubricant use.
Conclusion
Many social and behavioural factors are involved in the inconsistent use of condom and lubricant among MSM. Preventive programmes must identify these factors in order to target consistent condom and lubricant use among the MSM community.
Keywords: Inconsistent condom use, Men who have Sex with Men, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Sexual risk behaviour
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Background
Among sexual minorities, the MSM community is a large and widely scattered network. Validated data regarding the size of this network is unavailable in developing countries. However, based on anecdotal data, it is estimated that approximately 5% of the sexually active men coming from all sectors of society in these countries are involved in homosexual activities.1
Studies have shown that in developing countries such as India, sexual activity between men is relatively common in both urban and rural areas and that the initiation of HIV prevention programmes for MSM and the transgender community has lagged behind those targeting heterosexual transmission.2 Factors such as stigma, discrimination and the criminalisation of homosexuality also creates barriers for the successful implementation of HIV prevention programmes for MSM and transgender communities in such countries. 3
In India, the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) has highlighted a high prevalence of HIV (7.41%) among MSM, which is 15 times greater than the prevalence of HIV (0.48 %) in antenatal mothers.4 Such a high prevalence of HIV may result from the less consistent condom use by the MSM community which has previously been identified by many studies1, 5-7 from various parts of India.
The MSM community can act as a ″bridging population″ between the female population through marriage and sexual encounters with other females and the male population from where most of their male sexual partners come. 1
Frequent homosexual activity, unsafe sexual practice and their role as a bridging population together with discrimination, stigmatisation, social exclusion, marginalisation and a hostile condemning environment towards MSM which prevails in India further increases the chances of HIV/STI spread by this hider population.
In the era of legalisation of homosexuality, the policy of the Health Ministry clearly states that ″promoting condom use″ should be a part of an intervention strategy amongst MSM in India.1 In the background of necessity of promoting consistent condom use among MSM to halt HIV spread, this study was undertaken to evaluate the different factors associated with the inconsistent condom and water-based lubricant use among this group.
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Method
The study was approved by the ethical review board of JJM Medical College, Davangere.
A cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted in the Davangere district of the central part of Karnataka, India between December 2008 and February 2010.
The participants were asked to self-categorize themselves into mutually exclusive subcategories of sexual identity such as kothi (mainly anal receptive), panthi (mainly anal insertive), double deckers (both anal receptive and anal insertive), hijra (transgender), jogappa and bisexual (engaged in both homosexual and heterosexual relationships).
A sample size of 300 was determined on the basis of reported 17% of condom usage in the local area among MSM subjects8 with relative precision of 25% and a confidence level of 95%.
Participants were identified in three stages: cruising venue identification and mapping; determining eligibility and willingness to participate; and recruitment of participants. Consecutive sampling was used to recruit the participants with the help of a snowball technique, obtaining informed and written consent.
Inclusion criteria were men who were residents of the Davangere district and who were practising sex with men for at least three months prior to the interview.
Subjects were interviewed by using a self-coded standard questionnaire from the Behaviour Surveillance Survey which was modified accordingly.9
The outcome variable in our analysis was inconsistent (not always) condom and lubricant use during anal intercourse with a man three months prior to the interview. Variables related to condom and lubricant use were evaluated using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Independent variables with bivariate p values of ≤0.05 were further evaluated in multivariate regression models using SPSS version 15.
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Results
There were 309 MSM who reported having anal intercourse with a man three months prior to the interview included in the study. Out of the 309 MSM studied, half (49.19%) were aged between 21 and 30 years, with the mean age being 27 years. Of the subjects 60.84% were from middle socioeconomic class; 18.20% were illiterates. Most (79.61%) of our subjects were employed including 15 sex workers.
Inconsistent condom use
Of the total study population, 79.61% reported using condoms inconsistently during the three months prior to the interview. In bivariate analysis, low educational attainment, middle socioeconomic class, sex in a public place, not using a condom during the last sexual encounter, increased frequency of sex and presence of STI were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use (Table 1). In multivariate analysis, middle socioeconomic class, sex in a public place and increased frequency of sex were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use (Table 2).
Table 1:
Demography, behavioural characters, STI and inconsistent condom use of men who have sex with men in bivariate analysis
Table 2:
Demography, behavioural characters, STI and Inconsistent condom use of men who have sex with men in multivariate analysis
Inconsistent lubricant use
Of the total study population, 88.03% reported using lubricants inconsistently during the three months prior to the interview. In bivariate analysis, middle socioeconomic class, sex in a public place, practising both types of anal sex (insertive and receptive), not using a condom during the last sexual encounter and increased frequency of sex were significantly associated with inconsistent lubricant use (Table 3). In multivariate analysis, practising both types of sex, not using a condom during the last sexual encounter and increased frequency of sex were significantly associated with inconsistent lubricant use (Table 4).
Table 3:
Demography, behavioural characters, STI and inconsistent lubricant use of men who have sex with men in bivariate analysis
Table 4:
Demography, behavioural characters, STI and inconsistent lubricant use of men who have sex with men in multivariate analysis
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Discussion
In our study, we observed relatively high rates of inconsistent condom and lubricant use among our subjects. Inconsistent use of condoms was found among 79.61% of MSM in this study. This proportion is higher than the findings of a previous study conducted in the same place in 2006 which was 69%.8 With such high sexual risk behaviour among MSM; this group is at high risk for the acquisition and transmission of STI/ HIV infection.
We observed that subjects in the younger age group had more inconsistent condom use when compared to older subjects. Previous studies have also demonstrated that young men are more involved in same sex activities and are less likely to use condoms than older men.10-12 Hence, it appears that programmes should target young and middle aged MSM to motivate them to use condoms consistently.
Although inconsistent condom use was found in all socioeconomic classes, we found MSM from the lowest and highest economic classes were more consistent with condom use than those from the middle class. This maybe because of the greater awareness in the higher classes and greater motivation of the lower classes due to campaigns run by non-government organisations targeting this group. Our observation indicates that, lack of formal education is directly associated with inconsistent condom and lubricant use and this should be addressed by both government and non-governmental bodies.
Even though alcohol use among MSM was not associated with rates of condom and lubricant use, many studies done in other parts of the world have clearly shown that substance and alcohol abuse among MSM reduces condom usage.13-15
MSM practising one or both types of anal intercourse were inconsistently using condoms and lubricants. Programmes targeting the increase in the consistency of condom use should therefore address the responsibilities of both the receptive and the insertive partners in anal intercourse. In order to enable the MSM community to effectively carry out safer sex, teaching condom negotiation skills may be required.
The study has some limitations. First, it was not possible to include representative samples of all types of MSM. A sample of a few types of MSM such as hijras and jogappas who are mainly receptive partners could not be adequately represented. Second, influence of mental status, emotional attachment with partners and other psychosocial factors could not be analysed which are also important in low condom usage. Third, data was self-reported. Hence, recall and reporting bias on condom and lubricant use may exist.
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Conclusion
To conclude, high levels of inconsistent condom and lubricant use among MSM were observed in this study. This indirectly shows that, the risk of future spread of STI/HIV among this group and to the heterosexual population, as MSM acts as a bridging population, is real and significant. Many social and behavioural factors are involved in the inconsistent condom and lubricant use among MSM. Preventive programmes have to identify and target these factors before they effectively promote consistent condom and lubricant use among MSM community.
As a result of this study, we recommend that, HIV prevention programmes must focus more on creating awareness regarding safe sex practices amongst the MSM population. There should be initiation and encouragement of promotive, preventive and curative services for this vulnerable group. HIV programmes working on the MSM community have to scale up their efforts to conduct largescale qualitative studies on MSM behaviour in this region to know in detail the influence of different factors on consistent condom and lubricant use.
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors thank the participants and also all the volunteers involved in motivating participants for the interviews.
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Someone could help with paper indication or reports of studies (prevalence and or qualitative) that had  evaluated somehow the abortion from a male perspective?
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Hi Dr Diehl, One of our Masters students wrote a paper on this, in her first year of the degree.  She also did an amazing conference poster and keynote speech on the topic, at the UK's Association of PsychoSexual Nursing, in 2012. 
Papworth V (2011) Abortion services: the need to include men in care provision. Nursing Standard. 25, 40, 35-37. Date of acceptance: March 4 2011.
Best wishes,
David
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Now a days , Many sexually active man are going to sex chat site and they are looking for girls to have sex with them on cam. Im conducting my study regarding the sexual activity of sexually active male from different continents (Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia), does the female voice will arouse them without viewing female's intimate areas? or the essence of viewing female's private intimate only can arouse male? or both? 
I want also to know if there is any theory that I can anchor this study.
Your opinion is highly appreciated.
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I do agree with Mr. Mahmoud .. you need to look for the scientific value plus the cultural sensitivity 
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Hi,
I'm looking for addt'l qualitative research on active and veteran women that experienced sexual trauma while deployed to Iraq / Afghanistan. Advice?
TU
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I am studying the possible connections between attachment styles and individuals' tendencies toward coercing a sexual encounter and complying to a wanted request for a sexual encounter. Are there measures, with good validity and reliability, for sexual compliance and coercion? 
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If you are interested in the full range of coercive sexual behavior (not necessarily behavior that is illegal), you might check out this measure that my student and I created based on the work of Struckman-Johnson, Struckman-Johnson, and Anderson (2003). In several studies (some published and some under review), this measure seemed less likely than the SES to invoke socially desirable responding (if that is a particular concern). The downside to this measures is that, unlike the SES, the items on this measure do not necessarily correspond to legal definitions of rape/sexual assault.
Strang, E. T., Peterson, Z. D., Hill, Y. N., & Heiman, J. R. (2013). Discrepant responding across self-report measures of men's coercive and aggressive sexual strategies. Journal of Sex Research, 50, 458-469. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2011.646393
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Erotic fantasies are fascinating psychic contents which are at the origin of normal sexuality, but also abnormal sexuality. Our hypothesis is that their structures (logical, temporal, in contents) explain their motivating force in acting out.
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I think this is a fascinating topic. For sexual fantasies involving paraphilic themes, there is clearly a distinction between those involving targets (e.g., pedophilia, fetishism) and those involving activities (e.g., masochism, voyeurism).
There are also structures within paraphilias, e.g., we did a small clinical study years ago that showed the fantasies of self-identified sexual masochists were organized around different themes, particularly a theme around submission and another theme around physical suffering/pain.
Freund, K., Seto, M. C., & Kuban, M. (1995). Masochism: A multiple case study. Sexuologie, 4, 313-324.
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I'm interested in SAST (or any version.. SAST-R etc.) in language other than English and Polish.
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Thanks gals and guys!
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The thesis topic is on sexual behaviour among truck drivers  where questions were asked to assess whether they were practicing safe or unsafe sex.
Further no time period was specified in the questionnaire for assessing sexual behaviour like "did you in the last one year visit prostitutes" instead question were asked did you ever visit CSW and  ever use  condoms.
So in this context  my query is can i still compute prevalence of safe or unsafe sex?
Thankyou
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Going by the definition prevalence ie 'existing number of truck drivers involved in safe or unsafe sex' you can calculate prevalence by simply counting the number (in each category) that gave positive responses to your questions. However, the problem is that you cannot extrapolate (generalize) your findings based on a non probability sampling technique like convenience sampling which you proposed to use in recruiting the drivers. It is possible to calculate (estimate) the prevalence (even prevalence rate using total sample size as denominator) of health events from a sample without knowledge of total number of  the subjects that constitute the target  population, as long as the sampling method is such that gives every unit in the population an equal and independent chance of being selected (probability sampling technique).  So I suggest you adopt the probability sampling method (preferably Systematic or Cluster) to recruit the subjects. In the alternative, interview all the truck drivers in the area if you have the resources and the go ahead to determine the prevalence. Hope this is is helpful.
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I'm looking for publications on the development of sexual behavior in children, I would appreciate any suggestions.
I also look for indications of research on sexual behavior in children with intellectual disabilities, especially Down syndrome.
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Hi Martine.
I´ll try to get your book here in Brazil.
Thanks!
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Please include experiences on how to obtain ethical approval and informed consent for research among sexual minorities (LGBTI) in a country where the practices are illegal. Thank you
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The key is to outreach the population. In Guatemala, we're building an experience to increase coverage in MSM. Is important to mention that in Guatemala isn't an unfreandly legal system for LGBTI, however stigma is a major concern in our context.
The close work with a community based organization, and promotion through social network as Facebook, Twitter; and "gay apps" such as Grindr and Manhunt; are an important strategy to contact MSM. 
Also, Mpowerment model 
Here are some publications that may help you:
Goldenberg T, McDougal JS, Sullivan SP, Stekler DJ, Stephenson R. Preferences for a Mobile HIV Prevention App for Men Who Have Sex With Men. JMIR mHealth uHealth [Internet].
Young SD, Szekeres G, Coates T. The Relationship between Online Social Networking and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM). PLoS One. 2013;8(5):15–8.
Usher D, Frye V, Shinnick J, Greene E, Baez E, Benitez J, et al. Recruitment by a Geospatial Networking Application for Research and Practice: The New York City Experience. JAIDS J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr [Internet]. 2014;67(5).
Suthar AB, Ford N, Bachanas PJ, Wong VJ, Rajan JS, Saltzman AK, et al. Towards Universal Voluntary HIV Testing and Counselling: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Community-Based Approaches. PLoS Med. 2013;10(8).
Kegeles SM, Hays RB, Coates TJ. The Mpowerment project: A community-level HIV prevention intervention for young gay men. Am J Public Health. 1996;86(8 I):1129–36.
Kahn JG, Kegeles SM, Hays R, Beltzer N. Cost-Effectiveness of the Mpowerment Project, a Community-Level Intervention for Young Gay Men. JAIDS J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr [Internet]. 2001;27(5)
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The sexual behavior sign "erect ears” is not reported in zebu cattle (indicus).
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I don't think erect ears are considered typical sign although may be occasional feature during estrus but had never observed
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If a person has a deviant sexual fantasy and wants to change it, but at the same time deviant fantasies are the only way to have a physical excitement, how can therapist modify deviant sexual fantasies and maintain physical excitement?
Filippo Petruccelli
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Genital Muscle Relaxation Technique (Ganesan,1980)
Genital Muscle Relaxation (GMR) technique was developed by Ganesan (1980). It is a type of muscular relaxation exercise, which helps to reduce emotional arousal and inhibits impulses. It is a popular technique used for managing stress and control sexual impulses.
GMR technique was taught to the adult / married participants, and explained to them clearly. The researcher demonstrated the procedure of GMR Technique.
Procedure
The participants were instructed to follow the following steps:
1) To Spread a mat / bed spread on the floor in a calm place.
2) Sit on the mat / bed spread in the Vajrasana - a sitting posture that tightens the lower limb muscles and nerves. (Both legs bent toward back, the buttocks are seated on the heel). Keep their bodies steady and hold their hands on the hip; or else, sit on the mat with knees crossed. Hold their hands in a crossed manner.
3) Take a deep breath slowly.
4) Contract the anal muscles only 20 times.
5) Contract the genital muscles only 20 times.
6) Contract both the anal and genital muscles, together simultaneously.
7) Count the numbers from 1001 to 1010 slowly with a rhythmic interval.
8) Relax both muscles simultaneously.
9) Repeat the above steps 10 times.
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Did you find any young women (under 30) who did have pubic hair? Or were they all 'bare'?
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Hi! I'm Verónica Caridad Rabelo, a PhD Candidate in Women's Studies and Psychology at the University of Michigan.
Lesley-Ann: what a fascinating study, especially given your inclusion of heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women in your study.
Speaking to Rebecca's question, you both may be interested in following the work of Breanne Fahs at Arizona State University (http://www.breannefahs.com/).
In particular, I'd flag the following:
Fahs, B. (2014). Perilous patches and pitstaches: Imagined versus lived experiences of women's body hair growth. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 38(2), 167-180.
Fahs, B. (2014). Genital panics: Constructing the vagina in women's qualitative narratives about pubic hair, menstrual sex, and vaginal self-image. Body Image, 11, 210-218.
Fahs, B. (2012). Breaking body hair boundaries: Classroom exercises for challenging social constructions of the body and sexuality. Feminism & Psychology, 22(4), 482-506. 
Fahs, B. (2013). Shaving it all off: Examining social norms of body hair among college men in a women's studies course. Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 42(5), 559-577.
Fahs, B. (2011). Dreaded "Otherness": Heteronormative patrolling in women's body hair rebellions. Gender & Society, 25(4), 451-472. 
Fahs, B., & Delgado, D. A. (2011). The specter of excess: Race, class, and gender in women's body hair narratives. In C. Bobel & S. Kwan (Eds.), Embodied resistance: Breaking the rules, challenging the norms (pp. 13-25). Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.
I hope these are helpful/interesting to your research!
Cheers,
Verónica
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As my study is on Sexual behaviour of Truck drivers , i had assessed attitude towards condom  using a Likert Scale based Multidimensionsal Condom Attitude Scale  
I am doing a convenience sampling procedure and this MCAS scale has 25 items so how many truck drivers should i enroll so i can check the reliabilty and validity of the scale  and further with its subset scoring make association with other factors
Please if possible do give me reference
Thankyou
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Ashish, please refer to the article by Beaton et al on cross cultural adaptation of self report measures if you are adapting a questionnaire that has been developed in some other country before testing the psychometric properties. The article is freely available.
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Now, I am afert my PhD defense and I am looking for articles relating to sexual dysfunctions in patients with ED. I would like to prepare a new research project concerning these problems
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Contact Per Södersten <Per.Sodersten@ki.se>
He is an expert in both areas
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What are the determinants for contraceptive use among unmarried youth in the higher institution?
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level of knowledge about family planning methods and fear of effects of an unplanned pregnancy play a major role among university students
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In my thesis, which I am currently writing, I'm focusing on the links between (risky) sexual behaviour and Kernberg's concept of personality organization.
I have found information about sexual behaviours in patients with neurotic and borderline personality organization. However, when it comes to the psychotic personality organization I have not found any satisfactory information.
Would be grateful for any tips!
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I think there is a large qualitative/clinical literature concerning sexuality in people with psychotic disorders, mostly deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition. You'll find a good deal about "chaotic" or "poorly differentiated" sexuality, "polymorphous perversity," and so forth. As is usual with this literature, it is descriptively rich and often accurate, but contains less supporting evidence than one might wish - and of course the causal inferences are invalid.
In PsycINFO, I tried running a search with these parameters: (schizophrenia or psychotic) AND (sexual*) NOT trauma NOT abuse NOT antipsychotic
This yielded 1,769 "hits," including 1,311 journal articles. Limiting the search to English-language sources trimmed the total by about 300 more. Not all of these will be relevant to your work, I'm sure, but it's a starting place. Frankly, it's too many for me to sift through on your behalf while taking a break from my own academic duties. (And of course some of the many articles that do treat of abuse or trauma will also turn out to be relevant.) I wish I could offer an easier solution, but at least you aren't "high and dry."
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What conceptual framework tackles the issue of risky sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among unmarried youth? That is also useful in terms of program and policy formation. 
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Hi Tolu,
You might want to consider the Health Belief Model which is more about the perception by an individuals that they will be rewarded with good health if they abstain from behaviors known to increase ill health.
Hope this helps.
Itodo.
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I need a book review for Anthony Giddens (1992) The Transformation of Intimacy (Polity). Can anyone help? His book is about sexuality, love, and eroticism in modern societies.
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There's also a review by: Arthur W. Frank in Journal of the History of Sexuality
Vol. 4, No. 4 (Apr., 1994), pp. 665-667 Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4617173
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I found a few in Spanish, but I´d like to know more in other languages.
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I suggest that you look at Kathleen Quinlivan's work in New Zealand.
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In addition to environmental intervention, behavioral management, carer skills adjustments, what would be an effective medication for hypersexuality or inappropriate sexual behaviors in elderly patients with neurocognitive disorders? 
Some research on the topic:
Inappropriate sexual behaviors in cognitively impaired older individuals. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2008 Dec;6(5):269-88.
Hypersexual behavior in frontotemporal dementia: a comparison with early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Arch Sex Behav. 2013 Apr;42(3):501-9.
Rivastigmine in the treatment of hypersexuality in Alzheimer disease. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2013 Jul-Sep;27(3):287-8. 
Different classes of medication have been suggested to be effective, such as TCAs, SSRIs, antipsychotics, estrogens, anti-androgens, and LHRH agonists, etc. However, currently there is  lack of consensus as to what would be the most effective pharmacotherapy. And there would be substantial individual differences between different patients. If anyone has the experience of treating hypersexuality or inappropriate sexual behavior, could you share the clinical experience and make some comments on its pharmacotherapy? Are there differences in terms of pharmacotherapy when treating male or female patients with hypersexuality?
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Dear Chen-Chia,
DEPENDS -- on the "cause" . . . Several years (decades) ago, my wife and I were invited to present at a symposium for elderly patients at a major psychiatric hospital. As we were both giving keynote addresses, we were invited on grand rounds. 
One of the patients we encountered was an elderly man, a grandfather, who although he had developed Alzheimer's was reasonably well adjusted and living at home with his son's family. Everyone loved and helped care for "grandpa" until he started making unwarranted sexual comments and advances towards his two grand-daughters. Subsequently, several weeks before we met him, he was transferred to the long-term psychogeriatric ward of the hospital -- for permanent stay.
Given his history, symptomatology, and the fact that we were both lecturing on the effects of medication use among the elderly, we suggested that his inappropriate behaviour might be due to a cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency. A Shillings test revealed that his B12 level of extremely below normal. Subsequent daily injectable doses of 1000 mcg per day resulted in significant improvement in his mental status by the end of several weeks AND after several months, he was happily reunited with his family.
A true story, with a happy ending, that we also reported on as a case history at that time in the medical literature (see my list of publications for the exact reference). This response does NOT detract from the excellent advice that our other 2 colleagues have already provided you with. BUT, it should ADD to that advice and be a reminder to all of us clinicians that the first and most common response is not always the best for a particular individual patient . . .
I hope that this response is of some assistance.
Sincerely,
Lou
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I am looking for heterosexual women, 21 years or older, who struggle with compulsive sexual behaviors and their intimate/sexual relationships with men.
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Giselle,
Since you've completed  your research you can delete the question by clicking the icon on the upper right of the question block.
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I am beginning a project to investigate the impact of compliance with quid pro quo sexual harassment in the workplace. Practically all of the work I've encountered in this area has primarily focused on the "rejection/reporting" aspects ad associated impact on the employee and the employer both legally and civilly.  Additionally, I am open to consider co-authorship by interested and qualified colleagues. 
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Dear Bryan,
Early career sexual harassment – a workplace stressor which leads to long term depressive effects, anger, mixed feelings, and self-doubt for both men and women
Dan DeFoe On November 11, 2012
Psycholawlogy A bridge between applied psychology and the legal profession.
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Do you know of or have a survey that collects sexual orientation (i.e., LGB or "sexual identity") data from teens or older adults? I've been gathering some info on LGB questions broadly, so I'd like to add these to my list (I'll share with the group). Right now, just a survey name (and URL if there is one) would be fine.
Thanks, Matt
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Hi Matt - in Australia there is a National Survey of Secondary Students and Sexual Health (http://www.latrobe.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/576661/ARCSHS-SSASH-2013.pdf) and older adults are included in the Australian Study of Health and Relationships (http://www.ashr.edu.au/) which also has a focus on sexual health. There is also a survey of GLBT people called Private Lives (http://www.latrobe.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/180425/PrivateLives2Report.pdf).
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I think the best thing to do will be to conduct a qualitative social science study and to use tools that are prepared on one of behavior change theories. The process of data collection should be context and culture sensitive with high level of flexibility. Issues of safety to both participants and data collectors is of paramount importance and should be considered ahead of time.
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I am looking for some normative stats on changes in sexual activity and companionship/affiliation for adolescents and young adults in non-marital romantic relationships (i.e., normative changes in sexual frequency over the course of a romantic relationship). I have conducted a number of searches but am unable to find any recent longitudinal or cross-sectional work that provides this. I have some data from a four-year sample (n=1500 young adults in romantic relationships of varying duration), and I am looking for comparative data.  I know I must be missing something given the volume of work on this demographic.
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Hi Emmanouil,
Thank you for your suggestions.  Sexual orientation should not present a problem given that participants report on sexual frequency with their current romantic partner only, same sex or heterosexual. I am also able to examine if sexual frequency  trends differ for young adults in same-sex or heterosexual relationships, albeit my same-sex sample is quite small. 
There is good information available on general trends in sexual activity over the third decade of life, but not that is specific to the life-cycle of exclusive relationships, at least none that I can find. 
Best,
Harry
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We want to do a survey among some Iranian students in high schools to clarify the prevalence and the other characteristics of their sexual behaviors, but due to cultural issues it is almost impossible to do a direct survey.
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Peer groups - may be helpful to know the practices in the school such as interaction of female and male students or vise versa, utilization of some materials such as  condom availability and utilization by students, peer pressures and their status, the interaction of students and teachers etc
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New research in mice indicates that a hormone like oxytocin influences socio-sexual behavior. The hormone is presented as a love hormone in the media. How should these results be placed in a religion-based framework? What is your opinion?
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Religion is first of all power. There is more than oxytocin that can change the behaviour. It’s always better that neurotransmitters are natural produced.
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Thanks Robert;i know about the study and actually used it in my literature review!
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I'm looking for articles and research about psychodynamic explanations to risky sexual behavior (preferably in young adults). I am also interested in the relation between Kernberg's theory of personality organization and sexuality.
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From an historical point of view, Sandor Ferenczi's theory of the "confusion of tongues" between the "language of tenderness" of the child and the "language of passion" of the adult (see Ferenczi's 1932 paper with that title) has been groundbreaking in psychoanalysis.
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This question does not ask for answers from law, social anthropology, or psychology.
What are the convincing arguments for and against monogamy or polygyny in terms of biological and human evolution?
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Dear André,
The behaviour you mentioned in case of challitrichid monogamous monkeys can be found as a useful evolutionary technique practised also by women. One can learn it as an example in psychological textbooks. However, the unfaithfulness of such a female is difficult to prove. This is a strange situation because infidelity of the female is a success as she can get the “best” genes (from the “lover”) and the best care (from the permanent companion). Of course, the permanent companion has but costs when caring the offspring of a foreigner. The lover male has got also an advantage: an offspring without care. However, regarding human conditions this behaviour may have some risks.