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Self Management - Science topic

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Publications related to Self Management (10,000)
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Article
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Introduction We should pay attention to physical and psychological training still in the growth phase of athletes to ensure a better overall performance quality. Psychological training can be an effective tool to improve the technical level and skills of swimming. Objective This paper discusses the relationship between mental health education and...
Article
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Background Diabetes self-management (DSM) is essential for patients to achieve better health outcomes. However, previous studies have demonstrated that the performance of DSM is not optimal. This study was designed to identify the significant determinants of self-management behavior in type 2 diabetes(T2DM) patients to improve DSM. Method A conven...
Article
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Objective: Adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) among young adults living with asthma is low and in need of appropriate intervention. Digital health interventions (DHIs) have demonstrated potential to improve ICS adherence; however, young adult preferences for these DHIs and how their use could support adherence in this population remain unde...
Article
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Policy surveillance offers a novel and important method for comparing law across jurisdictions. We used policy surveillance to examine abortion laws across the globe. Self-managed abortion, which generally takes place outside formal healthcare settings, is increasing in prevalence and can be safe. We analysed provisions that do not account for the...
Article
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Purpose Self-management is recommended for addressing chronic conditions, and self-management programmes improve health behaviours and outcomes. However, social and economic factors have been neglected in self-management research, despite their relevance for marginalized groups. Thus, we aimed to explore barriers and facilitators that influence sel...
Article
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The prevalence of self-reported hypertension is higher among Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) individuals than in the majority USA population. Although hypertension is the primary modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, it can be difficult to manage successfully. The objective of this study was to explore patients’ and...
Article
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Background Poor academic performance and failure can cause undesired effects for students, schools, and society. Understanding why some students fail while their peers succeed is important to enhance student performance. Therefore, this study explores the differences in the learning process between high- and low-achieving pre-clinical medical stude...
Article
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Background Health education and self-management are among key strategies for managing diabetes and hypertension to reduce morbidity and mortality. Inappropriate self-management support can potentially worsen chronic diseases outcomes if relevant barriers are not identified and self-management solutions are not contextualised. Few studies deliberate...
Article
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Purpose To explore the experience of controlling defaecation dysfunction among patients with rectal cancer after sphincter-saving surgery. Methods This study applied a descriptive qualitative design. Thirty-six patients with rectal cancer were given semi-structured interviews in mainland China from February to July in 2019 after sphincter-saving s...
Article
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Background Hallux valgus is a common and disabling condition. This randomised pilot and feasibility trial aims to determine the feasibility of conducting a fully-powered parallel group randomised trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted non-surgical intervention for reducing pain associated with hallux valgus. Methods Twenty-eight com...
Article
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Chronic diseases can be prevented, controlled, or modified through healthy behaviors, and these changes have the potential to produce major transformations in the current health care system. Innovative approaches to execute effective transitional care to reduce health care costs, decrease re-hospitalization, and improve quality care. Studies have i...
Article
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Patients who receive earlier treatment for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a better prognosis, including earlier symptom resolution and reduced risk of future emergency-department visits (ED) or hospitalizations. However, many patients delay seeking care or do not report worsening symptoms to their healthcar...
Article
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Background Benefits from low back pain (LBP) treatments seem to be related to patients changing their pain cognitions and developing an increased sense of control. Still, little is known about how these changes occur. The objective of this study was to gain insights into possible shifts in the understanding of LBP and the sense of being able to man...
Article
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Respiratory diseases remain a significant cause of global morbidity and mortality and primary care plays a central role in their prevention, diagnosis and management. An e-Delphi process was employed to identify and prioritise the current respiratory research needs of primary care health professionals worldwide. One hundred and twelve community-bas...
Article
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Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, progressive condition that can be effectively managed via conservative treatments including exercise, weight management and education. Offering these treatments contemporaneously and digitally may increase adherence and engagement due to the flexibility and cost-effectiveness of digital program delivery....
Article
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Background Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) are globally widely used. Scientific literature generally defines four phases of substance use (initiation, continuation, increase and decrease); however, there is limited understanding of what influences these different phases of ATS use. The ATTUNE study investigated which factors shape individual phas...
Article
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Purpose: Despite evidence for clinical benefits, recommendations in guidelines, and options for electronic data collection, routine assessment of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is mostly not implemented in clinical practice. This study aimed to plan, conduct and evaluate the implementation of electronic PRO (e-PRO) assessment in the clinical rou...
Article
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Background: Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) is a fundamental aspect of diabetes care, but no standard program exists in Thailand. Understanding current patterns of illness perceptions (concerns) and self-management practices among patients with diabetes in Thailand is vital to develop culturally tailored DSME programs. This study sought...
Article
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Bronchiectasis is an increasingly common chronic respiratory disease which requires a high level of patient engagement in self-management. Whilst the need for self-management has been recognised, the knowledge and skills needed to do so— and the extent to which patients possess these—has not been well-specified. On one hand, understanding the gaps...
Article
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Background Practice-based guidelines recommend patient education and exercise as first-line care for low back pain (LBP); however, these recommendations are not routinely delivered in practice. GLA:D® Back, developed in Denmark to assist clinicians to implement guideline recommendations, offers a structured education and supervised exercise program...
Article
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Background Adherence to inhaler medication is an important contributor to optimum asthma control along with adequate pharmacotherapy. The objective of the present study was to assess self-reported adherence levels and to identify the potential factors associated with non-adherence to the inhalers among asthma patients. Methods This facility-based...
Article
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This paper discusses the use of the HORUS.AI solution, an AI-enabled persuasive personal health assistant built upon the integration of semantic web technologies and persuasive techniques, for motivating people to adopt a healthy lifestyle and for supporting them to cope with the self-management of chronic diseases associated with bad lifestyle hab...
Article
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Knee pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder and contributes a large socio-economic burden to health systems around the world. The traditional strategy to manage knee pain has been exercise. However, there is growing recognition to include coping and self-management educational strategies to improve psychosocial outcomes. Purpose: The purpose of...
Article
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Aim Establish linkages between components of the Self‐ and Family Management Framework and outcomes of the Nursing Outcomes Classification to evaluate the comprehensiveness of outcomes addressing self‐ and family management in the Nursing Outcomes Classification. Design Descriptive study. Methods Experts conducted a six‐step process to establish...
Article
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Background Depression is a worldwide disease. CBT-based self-help treatment allows patients with mild to moderate depression symptoms to improve their depression or to bridge the waiting- or pandemic period until they receive further clinical treatment. Objective This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the efficacy, acceptability...
Article
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Unfortunately, many of the diabetes mobile apps have operational and design flaws that are debarring users from maximizing from the self-management paradigm. We, therefore, aim to identify the markers of operational and design flaws of diabetes mobile apps to facilitate a better user-centred design. e crowdsourced negative user review comments (rat...
Article
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Objectives: Providing diabetes self-management education (DSME) in an evidence-based format that is accessible and tailored to the population needs is crucial for individuals living with diabetes mellitus. Our qualitative study explores the experiences of older adults living with diabetes while residing in a rural setting. Methods: Adults aged 65 o...
Article
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Background Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) have considerably high mortality and re-hospitalisation rate. Diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) is common in COPD patients. However, whether diaphragmatic dysfunction is related to acute exacerbation is yet to be elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the diaphragm func...
Article
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Background Non-alcoholic simple fatty liver disease patients have very low compliance with almost all types of physical activities. A transtheoretical model-oriented lifestyle modification plan awakens the patient’s consciousness in the pre-intention stage. Aim to evaluate whether a management by stages of change plan based on the Transtheoretical...
Conference Paper
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Introduction Mobile health is increasingly empowering patients to monitor their disease. Commercially-available digital peak flow meters are used by asthma patients to self-monitor their condition and claim to predict deteriorations in peak flow measurements. Thus, evaluation of their ability to provide accurate peak flow predictions is essential....
Presentation
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إدارة الذات نحو النجاح الأكاديمي إعداد و تقديم د.حسن زهير القرني محاضرة تم القاءها في يوم 22-11-2022 بالتعاون مع الادارة العامة للتعليم ممثلة بوكالة شؤون الطلاب في الهيئة الملكية بالجبيل محاور اللقاء : مهارات إدارة الذات SMART الأهداف الذكية التحفيز الذاتي التركيز الإنتاجية وطريقة بومودورو
Article
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Background Noncommunicable diseases like hypertension and diabetes require long-term management, and are financially draining for patients and their families bearing the treatment costs, especially in settings where the inadequacy or non-existence of the health insurance system prevails. Patient empowerment-focused interventions have been shown to...
Article
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(1) Introduction: The ubiquity of mobile phones suggests the potential of mobile health applications to reach patients with type 2 diabetes and engage them to improve self-care. This study aimed to explore personal goals, barriers to self-management and desired mobile health application features to improve self-care among multi-ethnic Asian patient...
Article
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Background Hypertension and diabetes are chronic noncommunicable diseases ranked among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in resource-limited settings. Interventions based on patient empowerment (PE) have been shown to be effective in the management of these diseases by improving a variety of important health outcomes. This study aims to...
Article
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Objective To assess the effect of long‐term nursing intervention on the quality of life and social support of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods A randomised controlled trial was designed. A total of 60 patients with coronary heart disease treated with PCI were randomly divided into the control group and the intervent...
Preprint
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There has been a growing interest in HCI to understand the specific technological needs of people with dementia and supporting them in self-managing daily activities. One of the most difficult challenges to address is supporting the fluctuating accessibility needs of people with dementia, which vary with the specific type of dementia and the progre...
Article
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Purpose The status and associated factors of the health-related quality of life of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients under targeted anti-cancer therapy have not been investigated. Self-management and coping style have been proven to be closely related to patients’ health-related quality of life. Based on these observations, this study was...
Article
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Objectives First impact assessment analysis of an integrated care model (ICM) to reduce hospital activity in the London Borough of Hillingdon, UK. Methods We evaluated a population-based ICM consisting of multiple interventions based on self-management, multidisciplinary teams, case management and discharge management. The sample included 331 330...
Article
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Background: Individuals with kidney diseases have increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. Online cardiovascular risk assessment tools can educate patients on risks and modifiable factors. Since patients have variable health literacy, we evaluated the readability, understandability and actionability of publicly available online cardiovas...
Article
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Objectives: To increase the proportion of individuals with hypertension obtaining a blood pressure (BP) of less than 140/90 mmHg by improving the management of hypertension in daily life from a person-centred perspective. Methods: In this unblinded randomized controlled trial, we tested an interactive web-based self-management system for hyperte...
Article
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Backgroundː Diabetes mellitus (DM) has a high prevalence rate in Saudi Arabia. Patients must have sufficient knowledge about DM to improve their self-management skills and prevent complications. This research was conducted to estimate the knowledge level among diabetic patients attending primary care centers about DM and its impact on their health....
Article
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Any human relationship depends on communication. From our daily lives' recurring thoughts and actions to the significant events of our lifetimes, we use communication to create messages and meaning about our experiences. Because the stakes are so high and because health and illness have an impact on quality of life, health communication is essentia...
Article
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Background People living with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D) are at increased risk for impairments in brain function, which may impact on daily life. Cognitive impairments in PWT1D might contribute to increasing eating disorders, reducing self-management skills, and deteriorating glycemic control. Glycemic variability may be a key determinant of disordere...
Article
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Background Frailty in older adults is a common geriatric syndrome that could be prevented; thus, coping strategies for the aging population are essential. Self-management behaviors may represent cost-effective strategies to prevent physical frailty in community-dwelling older adults. This study aimed to describe the changes in frailty status among...
Preprint
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eHealth technologies have been increasingly used to foster proactive self-management skills for patients with chronic diseases. However, it is challenging to provide each user with the desired support due to the dynamic and diverse nature of the chronic disease. Many such eHealth applications support aspects of 'adaptive user interfaces' -- that ch...
Article
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Background. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a multifactorial, progressive chronic lung disease. COPD was rated as the third largest cause of death by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016. Cough and sputum are present in about 60% of COPD patients. For persons with COPD who are unable to attend the standard centre-based progra...
Article
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A health recommender system (HRS) provides a user with personalized medical information based on the user’s health profile. This scoping review aims to identify and summarize the HRS development in the most recent decade by focusing on five key aspects: health domain, user, recommended item, recommendation technology, and system evaluation. We sear...
Article
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While hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has led to higher survival rates, the number of patients experiencing adverse reactions is also increasing. Based on the symptom management model, we aimed to analyze the relationships between symptom experience, symptom management strategies, self-management behavior, and quality of life among p...
Article
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Background Diabetes self-management is crucial for patients with type 1 diabetes, and digital services can support their self-management and facilitate flexible follow-up. The potential of using digital patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures in routine outpatient care is not fully used owing to a lack of adapted PRO measures. Objective This study...
Article
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Objective A self-management programme, My Life After Stroke (MLAS), was developed to support stroke survivors. This evaluation reports patients’ experience. Design Multimethod, involving interviews and questionnaires. Setting 23 general practices in the intervention arm of a cluster randomised controlled trial in East of England and East Midlands...
Article
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Introduction A variety of mobile health (mHealth) applications are available to monitor an individual’s health or lifestyle to make it convenient to access healthcare facilities at home. The usability of mHealth applications in controlling HbA1c (estimated average blood glucose) levels is unclear despite their increasing use. The burden of type 2 d...
Article
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Introduction Fatigue and pain are the main symptoms of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). Healthcare professionals have a primary role in helping patients to manage both these symptoms, which are part of a complex network of co-occurring factors including sleep problems, psychological distress, social support, body weight, diet, inactiv...
Article
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To investigate the effectiveness of multicomponent integrated care on clinical outcomes among patients with chronic heart failure. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, published in English language from inception to 20 April 2022, with at least 3-month implementation of multicomponent integrated care (defined as two or more q...
Article
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Background People with chronic diseases have contact with several different professionals across hospital wards, municipality services and general practice and often experience lack of coherence. The purpose was to explore perceived barriers and facilitators to coherent rehabilitation pathways for health care users with inflammatory arthritis and h...
Article
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Background Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) aim to evaluate the quality of care based on the perspectives of patients rather than clinical indicators. Qualitative research is needed to identify these perspectives in people with type 2 diabetes. Objective To identify, for the first time in Israel, aspects valuable for people with type 2 di...
Article
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Background African Americans are twice as likely to die from diabetes, compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the USA. Poor adherence to diabetes medications is common among African Americans and contributes to these disproportionally worse outcomes. A pilot study was conducted to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a peer-support...
Poster
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Introduction: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) living with diabetes experience poorer health outcomes compared to the general population. This poster focuses on increasing the public's awareness to barriers to diabetes self-management for adults with co-occurring diabetes and (ID). The purpose of this poster is to equip healthcare pr...
Article
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Background To align with current best practices, manual therapists have refined their treatment options to include exercise and pain education for people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. In this commentary, we suggest that manual therapists should also add telehealth to their toolbox. Thus, we aim to discuss the use of telehealth by manual therap...
Article
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Background : Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a leading cause of global morbidity, with the burden expected to increase in the near future. Self-management, with the support of healthcare professionals, is recommended for many MSDs. However, frequent clinical contact is not feasible. Previous research has highlighted the need for a co-designed...
Article
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Background Subjective cognitive complaints refer to self-experienced difficulties with everyday cognitive tasks. Although there has been a fair amount of research on cognitive impairments and cognitive complaints in end-stage renal disease, the practical implications of these complaints remain unclear. The current study aims to examine the associat...