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Scientometrics - Science topic

Scientific measurement of scientific output
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I developed a study on the scientificity of the scientific field of Sociology in Brazil and discovered thematic variations (research) that apparently depend on the geographical location of the Graduate Program. My current effort is to correlate my scientometric results with the context in which sociological science is practiced. I am looking for partnerships to deepen this and other discussions.
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There are different tools (e.g., R, BibExcel) for science mapping. The tools often help in extracting the highly cited references (with frequency count). I recently used one of them for practice and noticed several duplicates of cited references. It was challenging to determine the unique frequency count of a particular reference. I found the following issues:
1. Missing authors.
2. Short names of journals.
3. Format of text (capitalization)
4. Inclusive DOIs.
These were the common reasons that made the reference duplicate. However, I used Regular Expressions to fix these problems. But I am looking for a distinctive method or tool. Kindly suggest.
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Thank you sir for replying. It works in almost every reference management tool. But the situation is something like the attached file (duplicate.png). If any researcher wants to show top-ten or top-n cited references, the researcher could miss the original frequency of cited references.
Best regards.
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I am performing a bibliometric analysis of 2200 papers ranging from the year 1741 to 2020 and I wish to separate the network analyses (of collaboration between authors and between institutions) by a few stages from productivity. So far, I am only familiar with the industrial life cycle analysis approach, but it does not seem so relevant to assess productivity from the publication of scientific articles. In this sense, I would like to ask you: What is the best way to separate by a few stages the scientific productivity (ranges of years for subsequent analyses) in a field of knowledge?
Thank you very much
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Jochen Glaser Thank you for your clarification. I am referring to what is the best way to separate a database by year ranges to perform further analysis of collaborative networks (between authors or institutions). The separation by year ranges seeks to show the evolution (from scientific collaboration) of a line of research over time.
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There are many fastest journals, which published within min. 15 days and max. 45 days.
Many more scientists need to fast publications.
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Dear Hafijull Mondal thanks.
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To what extent do scientometric indicators (such as citation, h-index,...) show the real scientific ability of researchers? And are there better ways to evaluate researchers' scientific works?
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Scientometric data were created based on the views of their authors, in other words, how they saw a way to assess the significance of works, journals. In my opinion, with further development, it may be necessary to consider some other parameters that will more accurately and comprehensively reflect the significance through these coefficients.
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  • Bibliometrics, Scientometrics and Informetrics were introduced in twentieth century (later some others). Those years had their values, behaviors and characteristics in the world of higher education. Fraud, misconduct, data fabrication, plagiarism, were not so wide spread as they are now. In recent years we were introduced terms such as gift or ghost in authorship.
  • But we are still using old methods (in new forms) in metric studies E.g. Scientometrics to say who is who in science, or where is where in science... In the age of virtual worlds available to everyone, everywhere, even the meaning of "publish or perish" has changed. Many universities around the globe not only put pressure on their faculty members but also many incentives in different forms, such as cash, to publish more and more... Too many authors have become addicted to see their works published at any costs. They show off their published works, citations, … and "ordinary Scientometrics" with any given names, descriptive or analytic in nature up to now help them. All appear to become "Soft Power" and "Matthew Effect" for those who might not deserve. We have to move to something "Interpretive", "Inferential" or the like to find out or pull back the curtain (please see also my other 2 discussions, related to this one).
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Kindly see also the followingRG link:
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Dear fellows,
wanted to know the similarities and difference between the following terms
Metrics
bibliometrics
Altmetric
Informetrics
Webometric
Scientometric
Informetrics
Cybermetric
Plumx Metrics
what are the different ways to measure above all metrics and any good research study/studies to cover all the aspects of metrics.
Kind Regards,
-Yousuf
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Dear Muhammad Yousuf Ali , the future of evaluative metrics is discussed as new publishing formats are available. Scholarly communication through social media enables researchers to gain attention, connect with readers and participate in discussions around their research in real time...
Open scholarship and the availability of data surrounding these artefacts across social platforms, open management systems and recommendation and sharing sites have changed the publishing landscape, including the rise of a new cluster of evaluative metrics generally referred to as ‘alternative metrics’...
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Apart from Google Search or Google Scholar, any other way to find a bibliometric analysis paper?
Example for Systematic Review (SR) will be using International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO).
What about Bibliometric Analysis?
Any search database...
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Hi Amirul,
Other than Google Scholar, you can use Pubmed, Medline, Web of Science, Mendeley or Science Direct to find literature online.
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How to publish in Sentiment Analysis/Opinion Mining Journal that do not ask for Reviewer name
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The reference section of a submitted article is an excellent place to start when looking for peer reviewers. It’s worth bearing in mind that cited researchers could be particularly appropriate if their article is a broad review on that area of research. But beware of conflicts of interest, as authors may have cited colleagues or collaborators.
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I am looking for a list of recommended journals for bibliometric / scientometric studies.
I am aware of Scientometrics - Journal information - Springer and Journal of Informetrics - Elsevier. however, I am looking for more options.
Thanks..
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Information Science Library Science
Scientometric
Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science
Publications
Science Editing
Journal of Scientometric Research
Journal of Scholarly Publishing
Learned Publishing
Research Evaluation
Journal of Informetrics
Social Studies of Science
Libri
Library Hi Tech
COLLNET Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management
International Journal of Bibliometrics In Business and Management
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I am looking for software/ tools that can be used for scientometric analysis. I would appreciate if you analyze few of these tools comparatively based on some parameters.
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The altmetrics score takes into account the interactions between the general public, via social networks, and the research community. It gives another value to scientific research, it allows the research community to measure even with uncertainties the level of societal appreciation. In this context, I would like to know its effectiveness.
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follower
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Greeting,
Dear Researchers,
What is the advantage of Bibliometric and Scientometrics study of a particular journal profile.
Regards
Shakil Ahmad
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Just know the number of publication, author wise, country wise, collaboration if any, number of citation, h intex etc. Shakil Ahmad
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Greetings,
Dear Researchers,
I want to start a online discussion on Bibliometric and Scientometrics Tools for Learning from you and Sharing my own Experience. We can make a WhatsApp group as well as we can do weekly or monthly meeting on Microsoft Team.
Those who are agree with my idea, please share your number and willingness to create group.
Regards
Shakil Ahmad
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+919436811297 Shakil Ahmad Great sir... Kindly add me in that group. It will help to me become a metrics expert.
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The impact of research is analyzed and measured using scientometric indicators. One such indicator used to assess scientific research is citation analysis. However, the number of citations helps analyze the quality of scientific information.
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Thank you fo your support Dr. Hussein.
Have a good time.
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Dear researcher,
I need a research colleague for a mini research in the type of a letter to the editor or short communication. This person must be a professional in searching and know the database to collect the data. She/he should extract the CV of about 60 authors. Her/his name is write as the second author in the paper. If she/he help more, may be selected as the first author (not promised). Let me know if anyone has the desire and time.
LIS
Sincerely
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Dear researcher,
Thanks for the reply.
I am think a person in LIS (library and information science) is better for this project.
Topic is related to authorship+COVID-19.
Please write your E-mail.
Best
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I am trying to install pajek software 4.08 version 64bit win 8.1 OS, but every time, after installing it, i don't find the access to it. Are there other system tools required for working in Pajek or is it a problem related with my pc?
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I'm trying to download pajek 5.10. e
Even though I had no problem dowloading PajekXXL, I'm not able to correctly download 32 nor 64 bit version of pajek 5.10
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Is there any software which has the functionality to export bibliographic coupling matrix for analysis in SPSS? I know BibExcel can do it but it is very complex.
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Thanks Samy Azer but as far as I know Vosviewer does not let you export matrix for further analysis.
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Hi everyone, I'm looking for sotware that helps me to clean data from bibliographic databases, i don't know how to program so I really need a tool that it's easy to use (maybe with a little bit of programming). I already used VantagePoint but I don't have more access to it :( Help me please
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Hi Ana, you should try the bibliometrix package in R ( https://bibliometrix.org/ ). Even if you don´t know anything about programming there is a web-based application (biblioshiny). With this package, you can analyze everything you want by drag and drop the items you want to investigate.
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When looking at the sociology of science we aim to understand the social aspects of science. We look at the relationship to institutions as well as the influence on and construction of scientific knowledge.
Are there any points within the history of science where due to the sociological aspect of it, it was not neutral? and if so, how did that come to be?
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Sociology of Knowledge and Karl Manheim says that knowledge is not neutral. it's impregnated with human values, interests and it is ideological. I would add knowledge is also connected to our emotions, that's why our emotional intellect is more important than our IQ. So sociology was never neutral. Theories are always ideological, based on certain values. But that means that our role as sociologists should be to be aware of the fact that knowledge is ideological and that we should be able to control them (expose them)...
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For my thesis, my supervisor and I have decided to look at how questions are posed in research across different cultures. In order to do this, we will use framing analysis. The issue is, however, that I need to operationalise the sociology of science before I can start the analysis.
I need to figure out how to operationalise the preoccupation in social research. So what could possibly not be neutral, and where does it come from?
I really hope some of you can give me a helping hand or a direction to look in because I am really struggling.
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By asking experienced researchers from various disciplines to define science and making sense of such responses in light of the dominant conceptual traditions in sociology: realism/marxism; positivism/functionalism; conventionalism/symbolic interactionism/postmodernism/agency.
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Since she is an expert in scientometrics, I am trying to locate her in order to invite her to review an article on the subject.
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Send to her a message via ResearchGate, here is her profile:
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Lecture on New Developments in Scientometrics. Today I gave my lecture entitled New Developments in Scientometrics. The challenge that arises is the gap between the ideals and current situation of Scientometrics. I categorized the evolution of scientometrics into three periods: the beginning, the growth, and the maturity. Scientometrics has seen remarkable progress in its relatively short path. I outline the progress made in the five areas of approaches, frameworks, tools, measures, and practices. I believe that all five areas need improvement. Today, it is possible to apply #Block_Chain technologies in scientific evaluations. Moving to a new position will yield result in outstanding achievements. what is your opinion?
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Very interesting and great
Good luck, Professor Mohammad Hassanzadeh
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I am fully aware that the question is quite broad, and yet do you know of any estimates of number of annual publications, let's say, in psychology? Or any other discipline belonging to social sciences? I am not interested in individual achievements, but rather in global numbers.
In advance, thank you for your inputs.
All the best,
Lukasz
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First of all, thank you for all your reflections. Personally, I am not interested in these 'rules-of-a-thumb' for specifying individual academic achievements/expectations (i.e., per researcher, and per year) as they often depend on a discipline, setting, funding, reaserch-time at work, etc.. Having noted that, I am more into the general/global scientific production across various disciplines (at some sort of 'meta' level). For instance, according to STM Report (2018, p.25) “There were about 33,100 active scholarly peer-reviewed English-language journals in 2018, collectively publishing some 3 million articles a year”. This is the type of information that I am looking for in these days.
Once again, thank you for your contributions.
All the best,
Lukasz
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does anyone have key of Endnote x8 software, i am facing problem with my endnote.
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Hello Scholars, hope it not too late.
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Publishing and citing behavior of journals vary across fields. In different fields, different dissemination channel of research activity are preferred, such as in social science books are preferred over journal articles, and in computer science, results are mostly published in conference papers. The number of references per article also vary across disciplines. Similarly, some journals are multidisciplinary, some are open access and some are closed access. Impact factor does not solve the problem of journal comparison across domains. Which metrics and measures or factors could be important in comparing journals in and across the discipline? Reference to any related article will be highly appreciated.
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Hi,
A good source for comparing journals is the Web of Science JCR. It provides a wealth of information on journals, plus graphical presentations.
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In the literature, there is controversy whether or not there is a need for the treatment of uncertainties in scientometrics studies. What is your opinion?
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It may be possible. Just like we get unexpected results against some establishedhypotheses we may also identify uncertainties. good statisticians can do it.
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Do authors from poorer countries are more likely to cite open access than closed access articles?
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Can be an interesting research topic
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Which types of research collaboration associate with increased citation impact: individual, institutional, or international?
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Hi,
It could be institutional or international. But the main thing is that the paper contributes new knowledge, and the results are original findings.
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I have seen in the last decades in Latin America, that countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Peru and Colombia, have move to try to organize national systems of research, in which the classification of research groups as well of researchers, is officially made in a periodical way. E.g. in Colombia, research groups, after criteria-based measurement (based mainly in article and other products historic and recent performance), classifies them in four levels: A1 (highest recognition), A, B and C. Also researchers as: junior, associate and senior (highest recognition). Then, my question is in which other countries, a national science agency classifies and certifies the research groups and researchers officially?
Recent results (2017) of classification of research groups and researchers in Colombia by the national agency Colciencias (in Spanish):
Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales
Senior Researcher,
Research Group Public Health and Infection A1,
Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira,
Colombia.
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David you did not read my question in detail:
" I have seen in the last decades in Latin America, that countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Peru and Colombia,..."
"In which other countries, a national science agency classifies and certifies the research groups and researchers officially?"
I am Senior Research of an A1 group, by Colciencias.
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Dear colleagues, I really would like to know your opinion. I am asking specifically for electrical engineering field and related fields.
What value of H-index (Web of Science citations only) is considered as "good enough" for Assistant Professor and Associated Professor job in your country (or university)?
Did anybody ask you for its value when applying for a job?
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The H-index is really only appropriate for mid and late career researchers who have published many papers over time. Citations take time to build up. The indices of individuals vary markedly between sub-areas of research. I worked on my university promotions panel for many years and contributed references to many more. We never used the H-index as a discriminator, only as one of many inputs.
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  • The h-index reflects both the number of publications and the number of citations per publication. For example: a scientist with an h-Index of 20 has 20 papers cited at least 20 times.
  • The g-index looks at overall record of citations from higher-cited articles to be used to bolster lower-cited articles. For instance a scientist with 20 papers, 15 of which have no citations with the remaining five having respectively 350, 35, 10, 4 and 1 citations would have a g-index of 20, but a h-index of 4 (four papers with at least 4 citations each).
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All of these indices are nonsense. The main thing is for the author to be a good person: create, create new scientific knowledge and be happy about it.
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Dear all,
I’m looking for options to publish in Mycology (specific or non-specific Journals on Mycology). In 2011, Hyde and KoKo published a very interesting and applicable paper entitled “Where to publish in mycology?” where they provided information for the major journals that publish manuscripts entirely devoted to Mycology. However, were created new Journals in the last years and (unfortunately) open access has forced the author to choice Journals with very expensive publications fees and that yet charge for reads theirs access to our articles. Because of this, I would like to know where do you are publishing your papers? It is worth to publish without open access? Which Journals do you recommend most for fungal biology/ecology publication? I’m asking it just because I'm very worried with the elitism of scientific knowledge and how it can delay the science progress and the dissemination of “what we do in our labs/universities”.
Thanks for your response!
Hyde & KoKo (2011): https://bit.ly/2IuUQrQ.
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Other titles of peer-reviewed journals indexed in Scopus and Clarivate:
1-Current Research in Environmental and Applied Mycology
2-Sabouraudia Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology
3-Medical Mycology Case Report
Regards
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I have submitted a manuscript for publication where author many time instructed me to correct the citation format which must have page numbers at the end of each citation. I am doing it through ZOTERO STANDALONE citation Manager.
Following are the examples provided by the editor of the journal. I want to know the exact name of this citation format.
Regards,
Examples;
1. Changqing Cao and James D. Seymour  (eds.), Through Dissident Chinese Eyes: Essays on Self-Determination (New York: M.E Sharpe Inc, 1998), pp.59-67.
2. Farzana Shakoor, ‘The Kargil Crisis: An Analysis’, Pakistan Horizon, Vol. 52, No. 3, July 1999, p.50.
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APA, MLA, Harvard, Vancouver are the referencing styles that use page numbers in the end
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sir/madam, apart from package (bibliometrix) what are the other packages required and available particularly for scientometrics studies. Also, whether compatible with with Rstudio.
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I think you can use the spatial tools of R to visualize the amounts of publications per country/ continent. Like in this article (Fig. 3 The distribution of the density of published documents).
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to do a research, need list of job titles that scientometrics and bibliometrics experts can occupy. data analyst and research librarian are two examples.
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The skill and talent is extremely useful. But organisations are not exploiting this subject for various reasons. I am doubtful of generating many jobs for experts in this subject. This is an important topic in library science but hardly these skills are used. But administrators should exploit staff skills for policy making as well administration changes. I do agree may be few institutions must have realised its importance and may be recruiting such experts. In general knowledge of these subjects is considered as additional qualifications
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Taxonomic bias in research papers is well established, but the underlying drivers are poorly understood. As professional scientists, we are under enormous pressure to publish, and the type of sophisticated research that appeals to the top journals often requires a well researched study system. This potentially limits research on understudied species. Moreover, limited resources mean that scientists study what is practically convenient rather than the species in most need of research. We are also motivated by personal biases, with many of us drawn to work on charismatic/iconic species.
We are currently constructing a conceptual model to better understand the drivers of taxonomic bias in conservation research, and I would love to hear about people's experiences of why they ended up working on a particular species.
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Back in 2000 I had voiced my opinion on the subject for an Eartwatch issue. I have attached it here. To tell you the truth, I am even more convinced today of what I said back then. Relating to your question - my answer is "convenience." The other problem is that today academia advocates teaching students to be robots - ask a question, go out there and the answer in order to get your degree. There is no real Naturalist's approach. Hence, natural history studies also suffer and it is impossible today to publish any such, in my eyes VERY important studies, without fancy fangled statistics. Sorry if I got carried away.
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Currently, there are several software for conducting bibliometric studies. Some of them are:
- HistCite
- CiteSpace
- Pajek
- Sci2
- PoP (Publish or Perish)
- BibExcel
- UCINet
- Netdraw
- VOSviewer
...
Regardless of what kind of analysis you want to conduct: which software is interesting four you based on criteria such as user-friendliness, computations, graphs, etc?
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You may have a look on some videos we have made on the topic @https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wBux-te-uxE&list=PLQ45kJKYgpbmhyO9dIXe2ur2evFRQA5_U
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Currently I am working on plugin for Gephi platform that imports citations networks from Crossref resources.
Below you can watch it in action:
This networks can further be analyzed by Gephi functions.
As we know Crossref is a valuable data store of metadata of scientific works.
What other open access valuable bibliographic data sources (in terms of completeness, quality, well defined web access) of scientific papers citations (that could be used for bibliometric, webometric and scientometric analysis) would you recommend?
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It's depend of knowledge areas or researcher's visibility.
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FIVE SIMPLE TIPS TO INCREASE YOUR CITATION NUMBER
The number and quality of citations of your papers is increasingly being used as an index for promotions, grant review and funding, and tenure. Although this practice is somewhat controversial, having your work cited remains an important aspect of a scientist’s career. Consider these 5 simple tips to increase the number of your citations and stand out among your peers.
  1. Increase the Impact of Your Manuscript.
    • Write a strong and persuasive article.
    • Submit your manuscript to the most respected appropriate journal.
    • Write an effective title.
    • Write a clear abstract so that your article is appropriately indexed and easy to find.
    • Choose your key words carefully (use tools such as using MeSH on Demand to find the best terms)
    • Make your manuscript available to all interested readers through Open Access publications or open repositories (check with the publisher).
    • Send reprints to scientists you have cited or to those you feel may find your research or even the background of your work interesting.
    • Use social media (see below).
  2. Describe the Evolution of Your Research in a Review
    • Citation rates of reviews are generally higher than those of other papers.
    • A well-written review contains many citations of the leaders in your field. Citing leaders in a field leads to reverse citations, which carry more weight.
    • A review demonstrates thought-leadership within your field.
  3. Explain Why Your Research Matters
    • Participate in conferences and meetings.
    • Create a website that lists your publications.
    • Offer to give lectures or talks about your research.
    • Create a YouTube video, TedEd Lesson, Dynamic Poster, or Prezi presentation to post.
    • Engage in discussions about your research outside of your laboratory.
    • Utilize both institution and publisher press releases. Most institutions have a public relations division that can help create and deliver a press release.
  4. Cite, and You will be Cited
    • Cite your colleagues, including those with results contrary to yours.
    • Cite your own relevant work (no more than 20% of the citations should be of your own work).
    • Read broadly to stay up to date in parallel fields, and cite pertinent papers.
    • Cite liberally but remain within the limits of the journal guidelines; papers that contain more citations tend to be cited more.
    • Cite the leaders in your field.
  5. Promote Your Work through Social Media
    • Create a Facebook page for your laboratory to encourage casual discussion of your recent papers/presentations
    • Open a Twitter account, and tweet when your paper has been accepted for publication
    • Use a ResearchGate account to distribute your papers and follow others in your field
    • Use a Linked In account to connect with other researchers in your field throughout the world, post about the conferences you attend, papers you find interesting, ask questions, list your publications, and participate in conversations. Join pertinent discussion groups and participate to demonstrate your knowledge of the field.
    • Use a blog tied to your website to engage in discussions relevant to your work.
For more information, see:
  1. Taylor & Francis: http://journalauthors.tandf.co.uk/beyondpublication/optimizingcitations.asp (accessed 8/7/2014)
  2. SAGE (http://www.sagepub.com/journalgateway/citations.htm; accessed 7Aug2014)
  3. The University of Northhampton: Increasing our citation count – a how-to guide. http://researchsupporthub.northampton.ac.uk/2013/02/05/2429/
  4. An Introduction to Social Media for Scientists (Bik, HM; Goldstein, MC; PLoS Biology doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001535. http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1001535
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Hi, how can i convert or import scopus data into hist cite to analyze that sama as importing web of science data into histcite? thanks, im waiting for your answer
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how did you go with this Mohammed?
I've been attempting to shift references from csv (which were originally an output from HistCite into text files to add back into HistCite (once editing, cleaning etc was carried out).
My process so far was to: copy/paste transpose in excel (to get the field names on the left of the data), remove lines and tabs in word, and then save as ANSI txt files. {of course adding "FN ISI Export Format VR 1.0" to the start of the file (per the HistCite Sample txt file) and storing in c:/fakepath to upload into HistCite.
However, it's not recognising that there's anything in the file. Any suggestions?
Thanks for the site suggestions Muthuraj - I'll look thru
in case that has something that will to do the trick, Dan
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Question about new conditions which researchers are facing, i will appreciate your contribution.
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Additionally, the higher education's tenure model influences research topic selection.
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Greeting,
this is the translation of Persian language of this site: http://isid.research.ac.ir/AboutUs.php
perhaps it is not the correct translation. we evaluated by google scholar and scopus not for articles which published in pubmed and PMC.
how can we solve this problem? is there any site or database for The Iranian Scientometric Information Database (ISID) which use for pubmed and pmc databases?
Sincerely
Pls consider the following.
Hasan Siamian
Scientometrics is the science of science measurement and analysis that measures the scientific output of researchers, universities, and countries in the form of quantitative variables. Scientometric indices include indicators for assessing the quantity and quality of scientific output of researchers that can be the basis for evaluation, ranking and promotion of faculty members.
The Iranian Scientometric Information Database (ISID) in 1394=2014 with the aim of extracting and displaying the scientific determinants of faculty members of Iran's medical sciences universities by the Center for the Development and Coordination of Information and Scientific Publications of the Ministry of Health and Science Deputy Research and Technology , Medical treatment and medical education has been designed, implemented and implemented. In the ISID system, the general information of the faculty members of the medical sciences universities including the name, university, faculty and research center of the place of employment, the scientific rank, the field and the last level of education are included by the scientific experts of the research and technology departments of the medical universities. . Scientometric indices of faculty members in this system include the number of published articles, the total received citations, the average citations per article, the h-index index, the h-index without self-citation, the h-index index without self-citation of the authors and the index h -Index without citation of the book.
Method of collecting and providing information
The ordering of the results in the ISID system is by default based on the h-index of individuals. It should be noted that the arrangement can be changed by clicking on the arrow next to the title of each one on the home page.
In Scientometric system, faculty members can filter information based on the name of the university, research center, discipline, and academic level. In addition, people's search by name is also possible.
The hirsch index is one of the important indicators of science metrics that was presented by Dr. George Hirsch, a professor of physics at the University in 2005, in order to compute and display the quantity and quality of scientific output of researchers. Thus, the researcher h's index h is h of the number of his papers, each of which has at least h times counted.
The basis for calculating the scientometric indices in the ISID system is the latest data extracted from the Scopus database. Other information of each faculty member in this system, such as a photo, individual address in Google Scholar, CV, if the information is entered by the relevant University Scientific Scientist, is displayed by clicking on the name of the faculty member.
Feedback
Dear members of the faculty, if you see any errors in the information in the system, you can request the correction of your information by sending a feedback form that is visible on the individual page of each person, or by contacting the University of Science Scientists Asking for correction of their information and follow up.
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If I understood your questions, you asked about how to calculate the h-index of a medical scientist by only including his PubMed publications. Well, this can be easily done using Web of Science website. You just have to enter to the official website of Web of Science. You choose "Medline" as your reference database instead of "All Databases" or "Web of Science Core Collection" and then you write the name of scientist in the search field and you choose "Author" instead of "Topic". Then, you click on Search. When the search results are less than 500, you will find a link entitled "Create Citation Report". You just click on it and you will find h-index and the number of citations for the author based on WoS citations of Medline publications.
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I'm not interesested in scientometric indicators of the impact of published researches, but in defining the tendencies of researches taking as a basis the objects of study, the methodology used, and the problems they address.
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It sounds like you are asking for a content analysis of an incredibly broad range of literature ("qualitative research"). I know from own experience that some specific elements of what you are describing can be tracked. For example, the use of focus groups as a method can traced over time using citation indexes, showing that it barely existed in the 1980s and now involves thousands of articles per year.
But I think that such specific traceable elements of qualitative research are rare. In particular, how would one define "objects of study" in way that would allow systematic searches? And without such systematic searches, how could one establish "tendencies"?
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Dear Professor Grushka, Do you intend to write something about the theory of changeable sets for non-expert readers? I think that his works on the subject are very interesting in many respects, but usually too technical perhaps for non-mathematicians or mathematicians working in a different field. Since this theory has applications in both physics and mathematics, I believe such an introduction would be very interesting! With my best Regards, Ricardo Vieira.
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1) I would like to clarify the question. Did You mean the theory of CHANGEABLE sets?
2) Concerning the theory of changeable sets, first of all, I plan to implement my minimum program of obtaining new interesting results. And then I might begin deal with their popularization. At the present time, the most complete and understandable exposition of this theory You can find in the preprint "Draft Introduction to Abstract Kinematics. (Version 2.0)" (https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.28964.27521 or http://vixra.org/pdf/1701.0523v2.pdf). Also I plan to rewrite more popularly the introductory sections of this preprint in it's future third version to do more understandable the motivation of fundamental definitions of changeable set theory.
3) I am very grateful for your comment and positive general assessment for perspectives of my activity, and I will bear in mind your suitable remark about popularization of the results.
With best regards Yaroslav Grushka.
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i need a article by Jie Shen When CSR Is a Social Norm
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see the attached file 
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from JCR Thomson reuters.
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The journal Impact Factor is the average number of times articles from the journal published in the past two years have been cited in the JCR year. The Impact Factor is calculated by dividing the number of citations in the JCR year by the total number of articles published in the two previous years.
You may be able to find the impact factor of 2016 journals in the year 2018
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In my library we are interest in this resource, wich can be used with Zotero for creating knowledge networking of our researchers.
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Aquí está Maricela, si necesitas ayuda generando la red solo tienes que pedirlo. Un saludo.
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Bruno Latour between other scholars of ANT theory has been cited on Social Science and Technology Studies, around the thesis: "Connaissance applicable non appliqué" -CANA- . Are there in Latinoamerican context some examples against CANA thesis?
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Are you concern on Latinamerican exchage policies of local governance? I would like invite you to coment a recently project submited to Asociación de Municipalidades Ecuatorianas: "Programa - Liderazgo Innovador Comunitario" - P-LIC
Contrary to CANA thesis, local communities knowledge not only could be ex-chaged within Colombian municipalities, but also within Andean Region Countries such Canton's Ecuator context.
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Which measures might researchers use to present a more intelligently calculated picture, if they are asked for their h-index?
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Try this one.
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Hi there,
I have an export file (excel) from my literature management software (CITAVI) and want to import the data into Gephi for a Co-Citation Analysis. As far as I know I have to prepare a 'affiliation matrix' for a bipartite network (each line one node/article and each column one node/article (= from reference list). I have an excel file in which the analyzed articles are correctly listed in the rows. However, I have one column (=reference list) in which each cell contains the whole references from the corresponding article. I hope I made it clear which issue I am facing. To clarify it I made a screenshot a part of the table.
I would highly appreciate any suggestions how to transfer this table into a Gephi compatible file.
Thank you very much!
Christian
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Disclaimer: I'm neither a Gephi specialist, nor a network analysis specialist.
I guess Iman and Julia are right. See:
-> You need to import a) a node table and b) an edge table (see Iman's description for the edge table). if your nodes just have ID and no labels, you don't need to import the node table (Gephi will generate it from the edge talbe, if you select this option; see links above)
What is the best way to generate a node and an edge table?
1) The best option would be if Citavi would offer an export filter in a graph format (format supportet by Gephi: https://gephi.org/users/supported-graph-formats/). To my knowledge Citavi has not an export filter for a graph format (I may be wrong). Maybe they are interested in programming an export filter for a graph format. It might be an interesting feature for Citavi to offer an export for a graph format. You can make your suggestions here: http://www.citavi.com/filter
Or you could ask in the Citavi forum (http://support.citavi.com/forum/) whether Citavi offers an easy way to generate a file (or two files: node table, edge table) like that. In my experience the Citavi support is very active and reponsive in the forum.
2) If option one is not possible: You could write a script/programm code (e.g. Visual Basic Script, Python, maybe code for a Citavi Addon etc.) to convert your Citavi excel file output to the required node/edge table formats. (But you should not use the authors as the Identifiaction for the 'root publication', see below)
3) I guess you could convert it manually (supported by Excel commands and functions) in Excel. This may be faster than option 2, but (in my opinion) it's more prone to errors, (if it's not scripted) it can take a lot of time if you need to convert data again and again (e.g. your bibliography changes etc.), and  it's less reproducible (if it's not scripted). I guess excel offers the required commands/functions to conduct Julia's steps. But (as Julia suggested) you should identifiy your "root publication" in the excel export (first column) not with the author's name, but with the same field Citavi uses for the references (I guess it's the field 'short title'?) (if you need the authors field you can use a second column for them). To conduct Julia's first step (devide the second column), you could use Excel's "Text to Columns" command (see: https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Split-names-by-using-the-Convert-Text-to-Columns-Wizard-2cd989db-2b1f-4d89-b17b-534250ff9905). Several further steps are needed to convert it to the needed node and edge tables from there. I guess Excel offers the required tools (e.g., lookup function, vlookup function, etc. to generate a affiliation matrix; and to convert the affiliation matrix to Iman's format I guess you could use a pivot table; to convert a matrix to a 3 column table see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/20541905/convert-matrix-to-3-column-table-reverse-pivot-unpivot-flatten-normal).
Please let me know (PM), if you need help with option 3. But I would advice to try option 1 first.
Best,
Joel
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This is a general question about the relation between philosophy of science and social studies of science. Having worked for a while on the boundary between both fields, my impression is that hardly any connection exists between them. The usual explanation I get from scholars in both fields is that social studies of science are concerned with describing what science is (descriptive) and philosophy of science is concerned with why science works (normative).
Now my question is, hasn't this organic divide between both fields become obsolete as a result of recent trends in the evaluation of scientific research? Philosophers of science might claim to be conducting the "normative" study of science, but paradoxicaly it is the work in "descriptive" disciplines such as scientometrics that is today driving research policies worldwide. It seems that the normative discussions that matter today are being carried out no longer by philosophers in philosophy of science journals, but by statisticians in the methodological sections of their papers.
My impression is that philosophers tend to react to this in a patronizing way, uttering their general scepticism about the quality and relevance of scientometric data. But isn't that too easy, given that this data is de facto informing research policies worldwide? Shouldn't philosophers of science at least try to claim some of that ground? Because maybe, just maybe, policymakers are right in ignoring philosophers. I mean, would you trust doctors' normative advice about your health if you know those doctors are ignoring the largest available body of data about their field of expertise?
"Oh, but the statistical data about science is not relevant," I often hear. I'm afraid this kind of statement says more about the relevance of current philosophy of science than it says about scientometric data. I mean, why couldn't philosophers of science find a way to make that data relevant now that it's there anyway?
A reason why science is successful might lie not just with the truth of its statements or the methods used by its agents, but also with the evolution of its structure. If institutional economists like Douglass North can use the evolution of the structure of the economy to explain economic growth, why couldn't philosophers use the evolution of the structure of science to explain scientific progress? With the digitization of scientific research a generation of philosophers of science -for the first time ever!- can study the evolution of the structure of science and philosophize about its connection to scientific progress. It might be that there's no such connection, but how would we ever know this for sure without philosophers of science trying to operationalize existing theories of scientific progress? (for an example of this approach, see my paper "A comparison of two models of scientific progress")
So again my question: is it the case that this divide between the normative and descriptive study of science exists to this day, and isn't it time it came to an end? All opinions as well as pointers to relevant communities working on the edge of both disciplines would be much appreciated.
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 @Jae: I am aware of the is -> ought divide. However it's not because descriptive statements do not determine normative statements entirely, that normative statements shouldn't at least be informed by what we descriptively know about the subject matter.
Take the doctor as an example. No descriptive study will ever conclusively determine whether or not it is good or bad to perform euthanasia, however understanding how the brain functions can inform a decision by allowing for example to put a probability on the chances of a person regaining consciousness. 
The same goes for science. As I see it, many philosophers of science simply misunderstand the kind of thing science is and don't even bother to find out whether they're right or wrong. Instead they obsess about toy examples that make abstraction of the details from which most of the normative problems that exist in the real world arise. And then when it turns out that their normative guidance is largely irrelevant to actual policy makers and scientists, they say it's their problem, that they're not being rational and so much the worse for science and policy. 
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There has been a recent buzz about altmetrics to scientific article. People are saying it as sociatal impact of articles and some other are saying it the influence that an article creates within its community. but does it really measure impact as altmetric data can be easily manipulated? so how can we really say it measures the sociatal impact? what altmetrics really measures?  
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Altmetrics by definition are alternative measures to the traditional citation counts and the formulas that use them such as the h-index.  Most universities are under pressure by funders to demonstrate impact of research beyond academia, and certainly there is a general desire by researchers for greater knowledge mobilization. Certainly in areas such as law academics have a long history of trying to impact the justice system and policy development in government but it is difficult to measure that impact with traditional metrics.  Researchers in most fields are increasingly using online technologies including social media to improve awareness of their work. This might mean writing blogs for a general audience or participating in online research communities to share their work. Now we can create analytics to measure and describe how research is shared and used in these contexts. However, as you point out it is important to understand what exactly we are measuring. Number of profile views or document downloads may indicate good marketing but might not say much about the real impact of the research. Traditional metrics tell one part of the story, altmerics can tell another part so they are worth noting. It will be interesting to see how altmetrics develop.
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Cited references we can say are the main motivation that an author takes in preparing the current article. These cited references carry important information regarding establishing connection between the article and the subject domain of the article. Many people generally want to claim about the presence of this interconnection. I want to now is there any such research papers available  which establishes this fact that the cited references can be an useful tool in establishing connection between an article and a subject area?
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Dear Deepjyoti Kalita
Kindly read the attached article entitled in "Network of Scientific Papers" by Derek de Solla Price
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Does anyone have the literature comparing the publication characteristics/pattern of Scientists of R&D institutions with University teachers.
Please share
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Hi Ms. Savithry,
It seems that your question touches upon the subject of academia/industry relations. There are studies that probe the flow of information between these two poles, and actually, the R&D scientists do not publish less. The reason that it seems so is that they publish in another type of literature that is not always  being cited, such as grey literature (technical papers), meeting proceedings, conferences and patents. The literature on the "triple helix" could explain best the academia/industry publication relations. It seems that any comparison of the two types of literature should take into account the different nature of these two.
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RESEARCH RELATED QUESTION
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Hi,
It seems that normalized measures could add reliability to scientometric indicators (for instance, comparing different data sets for the same phenomenon).
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Is there a way to search in the Acknowledgements field of “all” published scientific papers? I can’t find such a delimiter in Web of Science (but maybe I just don’t know where to find it). Do you know of any other database / search engine that will let me do this?
I'm looking to quantify the use of various words and phrases.
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Recently, I have read in a Spanish newspaper about the use of Fh index  to assessing the scientific excellence of researchers being  defined as the individual h weighted average h index  of 3,784 researchers indexed in the same area of knowledge. 
Is Fh index an extended criteria?. In which scientific database (ISI Web, Scopus or others) do the weighted h average of researchers for an specific area of knowledge appear?.
Kind Regards.
Sebastian 
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Dear Alejandro:
Good Day.
I  send you a link to a recent article in Nature that I have found very interesting.
in which between other very fascinatings subjects it is commented:
"The order of authors on a collaborative scientific publication is often a source of contention within the group, especially because different scientific communities have different and often unwritten rules. The high-energy-physics community, for example, tends to adhere to a strict alphabetical order of authors, whereas in atomic physics, students and postdocs who are central to the project are usually listed first and the principal investigator appears last.
Feliz Día.
Un fuerte abrazo.
Sebastián
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Are there any good freeware tools for statistical analysis like SPSS or other similar tools? Would also be interested in low-fare tools that are not too expensive
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PSPP is the SPSS clone.  It is freeware under the GNU license.  The newest version just added support for multiple independent variables in a linear regression.   http://sourceforge.net/projects/pspp4windows/
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It is obvious that bibliometrics / scientometrics studies use quantitative approaches to measure publications, citations, collaborations etc. But what about qualitative methodologies in these fields? Is there any popular approach or well-known work on implementing qualitative methods on scientometrics studies?
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Hi, 
Scientometrics is basically a quantitative research method, but probably there are theoretical papers on the subject that sum up theories in this field, that are qualitative. These  are usually review articles in this field. 
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Has anyone worked on co-word analysis by taking scopus dataset?
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Dear Mallikarjun,
I know what you are looking for. Using Network bench, a bibliometric and open source software which has been implemented for your goals!
If you have any questions, do not hesitate to ask.
I have written some papers using co-word analysis.
Best regards,
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Can anyone recommend peer-reviewed sources (apart from Scientometrics journal-Springer) that publish on this field?
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You can find a list of journals, books, companies, software etc related to scientometrics on this page
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Scientiometric evaluation is important for all of us. However, the methodologies of "measurement of our scientific publications" are varied, controversial and subjective. But then, how to address the issue of impact factor, citation index or h index?
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Of course this must vary widely among disciplines, institutions, and regions. Does anybody have an example, preferably mentioning these three variables to provide context?
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I am looking for bibliometric software that will allow me to make the connection between researchers, institutions and countries of origin.
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I strongly recommend CWTS' VOSviewer (http://www.vosviewer.com) and CitNetExplorer (http://www.citnetexplorer.nl) as excellent data pre-processing and network viz tools.
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There are some metrics available for evaluating research and the researchers. Example, publication based metrics - citation, impact factors, h-index, altmetrics, etc... But how one can evaluate a mission based research. They do not publish papers in high impact journals or get citation.
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Many thanks for giving the wonderful literature.
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scientometry analysis
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If I have understood your question correctly, you are asking for normalizing the variation in the output of different countries. for that you have to use Activity index suggested by Schubert and Braun. 
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We want to collect (and then code) a number of the key 'authoritative' articles containing certain key words. The Ebsco ranking algorithm is purely based on the text content of an article (and BTW - it is excellent for that purpose), but it does not allow for any ranking based on how often that article is cited. Is there a way of doing this in a systematic and automated way?
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Dear Prof. Spiegeleire,
It is possible to make it. I need data from EBSCO.
Yuh-Shan Ho
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I'm working with Vantage Point, but I would like know about other options. My aim is to analyze interactions between institutions (eg. university-industry).
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It depends on what you want to do and what sort of analysis you want to perform. Take a look at this list I have compiled, you might find some of them useful for your purpose. This is the most complete list available on the web I think:
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Commercial companies are counting citation indexes, forcing publishers to enter into contracts.
Publications for publishing houses that do not have signed contracts are not considered in the calculation.
"While it is incorrect to say that the impact factor gives no information about individual papers in a journal, the information is surprisingly vague and can be dramatically misleading." [Joint Committee on Quantitative of Research. Citation Statistics. A report from the International Mathematical Union (IMU) in cooperation with the International Council of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM) and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS). 2008].
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Dear @Vladimir, we were discussed this issue as far as I remember. I do agree that "Academic performance in terms of citation impact can differ enormously depending on the data source and metrics used"! There is no correlation between quality of the paper and IF! "It is not normally appropriate to compare performance across disciplines. If one has to do so, Google Scholar is the most appropriate data source."
Very good research paper Citation analysis across disciplines:The impact of different data sources and citation metrics is MUST reading!
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I mean a formal assessment of research output, as in the UK and other countries. If you know of papers that talk about this, that would be useful too. Thanks in advance.
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Hi Diego,
Some authors make assessment, for example with respect to funding of the private R&D sector. See: http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2098599?uid=3737592&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104638720863
And  for all activities? Well over the last decade, ex post research assessment at the program level in the United States has seemed much less active than the equivalent activities in Europe, both west and east. This seeming lull was the result of a decline in program evaluation activity across the U.S. government in the 1980s, which slowed the rate of formal evaluations. Program review activities within agencies, however, were common, especially at such mission-oriented research supporting organizations as the Department of Energy and the Office of Naval Research. Review processes at these agencies relied primarily on expert assessment, sometimes at the project level, supplemented by user inputs. Quantitative performance measures were seldom used. That situation is about to change. In 1993, Congress passed the Government Performance and Results Act, which requires all agencies including those support research to set quantitative performance targets and report annually on their progress toward them. Agencies with clear technological goals are rapidly developing sets of indicators for this use, including peer assessments, bibliometric measures including patents, and customer satisfaction ratings. But fundamental research agencies do not find such measures satisfactory, and are just beginning to develop alternative ones.
See more for recent developments at: http://www.akademiai.com/content/jt5r523248835u24/
And this one a well:
The US National Research Council released A Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs on September 28, 2010. The report consists of a descriptive volume, and a comprehensive data table in Excel containing data on characteristics and ranges of rankings for over 5000 programs in 62 fields at 212 institutions. See: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/Resdoc/
Cheers,
Frank
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The recent paper by Omar Hernando Avila-Poveda puts the finger in the wound and shows that the perhaps rather complex naming rules in the latin countries cultures, may add an extra burden to those trying to initiate their academic career into the publish-or-perish world. Details such as compound surnames or the use of specific accents within latin names, may impair the chances of internet robot-programs to find and acknowledge your contribution. Do you agree with Omar's suggestions regarding a standard latin-origin author name? Any tip to the younger, less experienced, wannabe authors?
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Good point! I am indeed in full favour of diversity of languages. Having born in a different language than english, I had to comply with the status quo language at the moment: english for my profesional career.
However the system of academic evaluation of merit (whatever that may be) seems to be moving towards evaluation of individual contributions based upon consequences of published material, and is increasingly taking decisions based on metrics done automatically by camputer programs that search for a "name". It is of one interest to be accuratly counted.
I am not saying that this is the correct or the best method. Only that it is the actual method. Therefore latin names with compound surnames and acents such as - ô, ã, é, ì, ç, etc. are normally omitted from such searches. And there are all the other languages with their own different letters. It is good to know that a codification format such as UTF-8 is being more and more used. I will hopefully be able to correctly write my name and be recognised as Nuno Simões   :-)
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I am not sure if citations really mean scientific excellence, but it does mean impact in the scientific world. I seek ways to maximize citation numbers while keeping an ethic approach (no citation cooperative suggestions please).
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Please follow "33 Tips to Maximize Articles’ Citation Frequency" which is available online and attached with this comment.
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Thanks for this article. In citation networks, it is often difficult to account for negative citations. This article may help us come up with a way to deal with this problem. Any thoughts on this challenge (from anyone in scientometrics) are welcome!
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The question is not only about negative and positive citations, but about adding semantics to our citation analysis. Citation counts do not allow to undertake this kind of research. Eugene Garfield (see for instance "can citation indexing be automated?"), among others, have shown that researchers' citation practices do not only relate to approval or disapproval.
There is a very interesting project called Citation Typing Ontology - CITO that tries to develop a markup language to account for these semantics. This paper describes the project:
Cito, the citation typing ontology: http://www.jbiomedsem.com/content/1/S1/S6.
One of the problems is, as Antonio says, the difficulty to agree on whether a citation is positive, negative, additive, etc. But this is definitely an unexplored terrain.
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In the age of the Internet and the movement of open access to scientific knowledge it appears possible to publish articles in any journals, and not only in the elite ones. Such articles will be located using Google Scholar engine, downloaded, if their full text versions are available, and cited if found interesting. So by submitting articles to such journals, scientists will save time on long communications with editors and reviewers of elite journals, while the articles published in low-impact-factor journals will eventually reach the same audience faster and may get the same number of citations. The question of whether or not an article will be cited is becoming increasingly less dependent on the journal in which it is published. In the open access era, articles become available right away, and you do not need to look through volumes and issues of journals as before. Have you experienced any of these trends when you began to publish your articles in open access journals or make you articles from low-impact journals available through the open access facilities? Has anyone tried to trace a connection between the total downloads of articles (for example, on RG) and the number of their citations?
See also Lariviere, V.,Lozano and G.A.,Gingras, A. Are elite journals declining?-2013.-
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Dear François Brivet!
Well, yes, I can agree with your reasoning though the paper V. Lariviere, G.A. Lozano, Y. Gingras. “Are elite journals declining?’-2013.-
http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1304/1304.6460.pdf“ provides some information on empiric research and its results prove the contrary. A lot depends on the fields of knowledge. What I want to say is when you prepare a good article which is not exactly a mainstream one, and you feel the reviewers will keep you waiting for a long time, you can send it to a low-IF journal and it will be found and cited from there, just the same as if it was published in an elitist journal. Though citing then won’t be originated from elite journals, for the authors of the latter would rather cite articles from the journals of the same class. That’s what we call “authors citation cartels”. Let us look back to the situation with Grigori Perelman, a Russian mathematician who was awarded the Prize for Resolution of the Poincaré Conjecture, the greatest prize a mathematician can receive, for series of articles which were uploaded without any peer-reviews to Arxiv.org. It is also worth considering what the Liquid Publication approach supporters, such as Fabio Casati, write about it.
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If there is one, I would like to know the relationship between the universal impact factor (www.uifactor.org) values and Thomson Reuter impact factors. If somebody has made a comparison between journals which are evaluated in both companies, I would like to know the result of it. The main question is, what is the usability of UIF? Can UIF characterize a value of a journal (impact) well?
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I never heard about the Universal Impact factor before so I looked at the homepage:
1) I selected the list of indexed journals for 2012 and 2013 and in both cases I just got an error.
2) I tried to search for key journals in my field but the page isn't searchable by journal title, only using ISBN.
3) I found the ISBN for 3 key journals in my field which have reasonable good Thomson Reuters Impact factor: Chemosphere, Water Research and Journal of Hazardous Materials. Neither of them is registered so they don’t have an UIF.
4) I selected the homepages "About us" to see who designed this and guarantee the content. No person names, companies or institutions are mentioned. This reminds me of the predatory publishers that I am daily annoyed by emails from.
Therefore I think it is useless to compare UIF with the established impact factors and UIF is properly worthless as of now. It appears to be a service which is under development and I suspect it is connected to the predatory journals who cannot get registered with Thomson Reuters and Scopus.