Science topic

Science, Technology & Society Studies (STS) - Science topic

Social aproach to scientific knowledge, scientific practice and comunities. Sociology of scientific knowledge. Sociology of Technology
Questions related to Science, Technology & Society Studies (STS)
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Hello, I am searching for a good introduction or overview on the topics, methods and research of philosophy or ethics of technology (separately).
Any suggestions?
Thanks in advance!
Hallo, suche nach einer guten Einführung oder Übersicht in den Bereichen Technikphilosophie und/oder Technikethik. Danke!
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Look for Carl Mitcham profile here, one of the outstanding contemporary philosophers of technology and great popularizer in the matter
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Hey! I need to improve already existing panel data model by adding 1 variable for access to technology. Is it possible, and what is the best  variable to measure for technology accessibility. If is possible I would like to measure technological advancment as well. What should be my variables fpr this? What are the common practises so far? Thank you!
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Technological progress is measured by the rate at which these inputs improve, and the direction of technological progress is represented by the relative pace of these improvements.
Technological access is measured by the adequate skills and effectiveness.
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The current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, is determined by the development of the following technologies of advanced information processing:
Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, Business Intelligence and other advanced data mining technologies.
Which of these technologies are applicable or will be used in the future in the education process?
Please reply
Best wishes
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In this increasingly flexible and complex environment, collaboration takes on a more valuable role in HE, creating hybrid communities, doing hybrid work, using hybrid practices. We propose that HE institutions should not focus on academic disciplines alone. In fact, working collaboratively between academics and professional members of staff enhances and positively impacts organisational culture. By professional members of staff also engaging in research and education within their own job roles, while collaborating with academics to enhance the student experience, a more consistent approach can be achieved. What is more, this way of working and being helps cohesiveness and collaboration while empowering individuals as important members of the team....
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At present, the economies of developed countries are entering the period of the fourth technological revolution known as Industry 4.0.
The previous three technological revolutions:
1. The industrial revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, determined mainly by the industrial application of the invention of a steam engine.
2. Electricity era of the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century.
3. The IT revolution of the second half of the twentieth century determined by computerization, computerization, the widespread use of the Internet and the beginning of the development of robotization.
The current fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, is motivated by the development of the following factors:
- artificial intelligence,
- cloud computing,
- machine learning,
- Big Data database technologies,
- Internet of Things.
In every previous technological revolution, the same question was repeated many times. However, economies developed and changed structurally and labor markets returned to balance. Periodically, short-term economic crises appeared, but their negative economic effects, such as falling income and rising unemployment, were quickly reduced by active state intervention.
It seems to me that self-malting and robotization, IT, artificial intelligence, learning machines will change the labor markets, but this does not necessarily mean a large increase in unemployment. New professions, occupations, specialties in these areas of knowledge and technology will be created. Someone, after all, these machines, robots, etc. must design, create, test, control, and implement into production processes.
Therefore, I am asking you:
Will the technological development based on self-mulization, robotization, IT development, artificial intelligence, machine learning increase unemployment in the future?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Dariusz Prokopowicz What you stated is true; everytime there is technology revolution; there is hugh fear of unemployment. What I believe it that all above technologies would great new employment opportunities; however challenge this time would be for human workforce to come upto speed with transition. Since with the combination of AI, Robotics, IOT and so forth; solution development life cycle would be shortened; and new solutions would come up in much shorter timeframe; makes sure that existing once soon become legacy. So we as humans will have to buckle up and also prepare our future generations!
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Do we need to be specific?
Sometime I feel that if we become specific with more details when we ask the questions, we loose some potential researchers from other fields. So the number of answers reduce, then it is difficult to get attention of other researchers. So at the end we do not get many answers.
What is your experience and opinion on this? Please share your thoughts as well.
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Dear Amila Abeynayaka . I think the question must be highlighted social world issues (scientific &non scientific ) .
. Thank you.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Scientific research in the era of Industry 4.0?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Scientific research in the era of Industry 4.0.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Industry 4.0 as component of the current context of the business:
"Impact of Industry 4.0 on Business Management Style".
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Dear Colleagues,
If you are researcher who is studying or already published on Industry 4.0 or digital transformation topic, what is your hottest issue in this field?
Your answers will guide us in linking the perceptions of experts with bibliometric analysis results.
Thanks in advance for your contribution.
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Why are there still people in the 21st century who in some countries do not accept the prevailing knowledge confirmed by scientific research who believe that the Earth is not round is only flat or that the Earth is the center of the Solar System, not the Sun or negating the process the evolution of the origin of various life forms on Earth, etc.?
In my opinion, it is not a question of faith but a lack of knowledge confirmed by scientific research. It is strange, however, that in the 21st century, in the face of the facts widely confirmed in the media, confirmed in many aspects scientifically, on the basis of experiments carried out, space expeditions are still people who ignore this widely available knowledge in the media and create their unjustified theories.
No wonder that even a few centuries ago and before, i.e. in a situation of widespread illiteracy and lack of universal access to knowledge and information, in the absence of media it was easy to maintain, promote anachronistic and illogical theories to implement a specific information policy for the needs of maintaining absolute power, which one of the attributes was access to knowledge and information deliberately restricted for a large part of society, and in some epochs, such as, for example, in the Middle Ages, deliberately limited research possibilities and deliberately placed barriers to the development of science. In such realities, totalitarianisms are easily formed and it is easy to carry out indoctrination of the society by propagating even illogical, unjustified ideologies that are not supported by any scientific research.
Therefore, nowadays access to knowledge and results of scientific research should be universal and unlimited. A large positive role in this matter is played by the Internet and Internet portals such as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How has the significance of scientific knowledge changed over the centuries from the point of view of the present day?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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A very interesting topic, thank you. In my opinion, all scientific discoveries established during the previous centuries such as mathematical equations serves as the basis for the actual mathematical approach. Another example would be the geographical works of antiquity which have served both as a scientific model and also as a corpus of data which could be used for modern purposes.
Best wishes,
Sabri
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There is probably no other science portal that would offer all the same functions for researchers as the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Does the Research Gate research portal offer the most information services for researchers that researchers and scientists need?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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A bit too much of the results is presented on Researchgate with the lack of the backyard and preparation process for research. It could be good to see also the kitchen of the dinner of the researchers.
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Artificial intelligence is one of the key advanced information processing technologies of the fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
The current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, is determined by the development of the following technologies of advanced information processing: artificial intelligence, Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, Business Intelligence and other advanced data mining technologies.
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What will be the future uses of artificial intelligence?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Dear Ronald Valledor Gomeseria,
Yes. Therefore, the development of artificial intelligence technology and its applications should take place under full and prudent human control.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What is the significance of philosophy for the development of sciences in the 21st century and in the context of the current technological revolution and dynamic technological progress and growing global problems?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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6 October MMXXI
That's a really good question, and perhaps unanswerable.
I see Science in one corner and Philosophy in the other corner--opposite one and other.
Will they come out to fight each other, or to cooperate?
This quandary should be talked about more frequently.
Cordially...
ASJ
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I'd love to see a rough sketch of how the task would go.
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  1. Give students raw data and ask them to write an argument or analysis based on the data.
  2. Have students explore and write about unfamiliar points of view or “what if” situations.
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Should be religious rules effective in scientific studies? Or, should the rules of ethics apply? What is your perspective in your country, today? Please state your country's name and your study area/discipline when describing your thoughts. What is the specify the values of different institutional structures (private sector, public sector, and university) in your country? I wanna ask. Do scientific thinking is limiting or shaping by believing? What is the point of view especially in countries with different religions or beliefs? Do interact with science and belief or religions everywhere? Are there countries where the scientific thinking system and beliefs are not influenced by each other?
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The rules of religion are relative and depend on society, its philosophy, and its beliefs. I believe that religion should be kept away from the academic institution, and this comes within academic freedom.
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Many scientists suggest that a good way to analyze the level of innovation in action, generate innovation in financial institutions, eg in banks, is conducting surveys among managers and department directors, departments in these institutions.
How should such surveys be carried out? What method of surveys is the most effective? Do online questionnaire forms are an effective instrument for carrying out surveys?
What other research techniques can be used to investigate the level of innovation in operation, generate innovation in financial institutions?
Please reply
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Dear Mohammed Jaafar Ali Alatabe,
Thanks and invite you to joint discussions on the subject of innovation in financial institutions.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Does anyone of you use sentiment analysis in research conducted on data downloaded from the Internet and analyzed in the Big Data database system?
If so, please let me know in which issues, in which research topics do you use sentiment analysis?
Is sentiment analysis helpful in forecasting economic and financial processes?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Dear Venkatesh Gauri Shankar,
Thanks for the given example and description of building a forecasting model of economic processes based on the use of Python libraries.
Thank you very much,
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of New ideas, new concepts in science, in art, in business?
The new idea often contains something innovative in relation to what was previously invented, created, designed and manufactured.
New ideas take different forms of new solutions, new concepts, new models, new designs, new axioms, new directions of scientific thought, and many other forms that incorporate any aspects of novelty.
While conducting scientific research, new ideas, ideas, inventions, techniques, technologies, innovations, etc. are created. Thanks to this, the economy is developing, and civilization and cultural progress are being realized. Therefore, it is necessary to create good standards and conditions, including financing the conduct of research projects.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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New ideas initiate new trends. New trends usher in new eras. From the first to the fourth technological revolution, new technologies and innovations also play an increasingly important role in terms of new trends in the development of civilization.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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If in the process of technological and technical progress new kinds of products and services are created that improve the lives of people, it can be assumed that at certain times people may seem to be happier, then people can feel happier.
But after some time, people get used to a certain level of life and look for further stimuli from the world of science, technology, technology, production of goods, provision of new services that will meet the growing human needs.
However, it seems to me that in such a situation one should consider and verify the essence of the concept of happiness.
What is the achievement of people's sense of happiness in the realities of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0?
Is the definition of the concept of happiness not deformed in the realities of current reality dominated largely by technology in technologically developed countries?
Is it sure that technological progress gives people a sense of happiness?
Technical and technological progress itself provides new products, but it does not necessarily always make people feel happier and certainly not in the long term.
In my opinion, the main factors deciding about happiness are on completely different issues and concern the fundamental values ​​of self-fulfillment in personal, family and professional life.
In this approach to the interpretation of the concept of achieving the state of happiness, self-fulfillment in various spheres of human functioning can be an important determinant of achieving happiness.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Does technological progress make people feel happier?
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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It can help human and it means that yes it can be a happier of Man, however it has some disadvantages but it make us happy .
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In my opinion, the scope and possibilities of business cooperation with the world of science are constantly growing, especially in the areas of technical sciences, biotechnology, energy, materials science, information technology, ecology, etc. and in the development of innovations, patents and inventions created in various fields of technology, technology, etc.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Does the scope and possibilities of business cooperation with the world of science increase or decrease?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Hi Dr Dariusz Prokopowicz . It increases continuously with time.
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Are sources of global or national financial, economic, debt, monetary and financial crises described and explained in recent years in scientific publications taken into account in financial supervision institutions in shaping prudential instruments, improving financial system security systems in order to increase this level of security and reduce risk potential future occurrence of similar, similar financial and economic crises, etc., thus improving the sustainable economic development of the country and the global economy?
Do you know examples of countries in which in recent years institutions of supervision over the financial system while shaping prudential instruments, improving financial systems security systems took into account the sources of global or national financial, economic, debt and monetary crises described and explained in recent years in scientific publications e.t.c.?
What types of prudential instruments, instruments of the process of improving financial risk management, including credit, liquidity, currency, debt or other, operational, market, etc. were improved by financial supervisors after the global financial crisis in 2008, which were proposed in the last years in scientific publications?
Is the importance of improving the credit risk management processes in financial institutions growing due to the continuation of processes and market situations occurring on financial markets, including capital markets, stock exchanges, used business practices in investment banking, forecasted decline in the global economic growth rate in 2019, emerging considerations about the subsequent re-evaluation of securities valuations, etc.?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Dear Madhukar Baburao Deshmukh,
Yes of course. Thanks for the answer.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear forest bubble,
in your opinion, what are the main gaps in knowledge in the forest sector that forest science really should have to deal with? Which topics are not given enough consideration?
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The hybridization of a holistic valuation of ecosystem services provided by forests and the preferential weights associated with each ecosystem service by the stakeholders.
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is there a historical map of academic disciplines? what is the trend of academic disciplines changes(number, nature and label of disciplines)?
i will be thanks full if someone introduce any article, book, handbook or report about historical map of disciplines and history of academic disciplines.
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Hello,
Yes, a historical mapping of academic disciplines now exists: the "Interactive Historical Atlas of the Disciplines". This website, recently launched at the University of Geneva, is available in open access here:
It is an interactive atlas containing a collection of more than 200 disciplinary maps ("classifications of the sciences" or "knowledge maps") from Antiquity to our time, with thousands historical definitions of academic disciplines extracted from sources. Moreover, it includes several analysis tools (timeline, statistical tools with the ability to chart the evolution of a discipline, iconographic database, advanced search filters). For instance, it is possible to display chronologically a list of historical definitions of an academic discipline in order to study the evolution of its identity over time. The aim of this project is to map the evolution of the disciplinary borders throughout the centuries, and to reconstruct the genealogy of the sciences.
As for a "typology" of the various types of disciplinary systems (namely, the different taxonomic systems underlying these historical "classifications of the sciences"), you could find some insights in my recent paper:
Sandoz, Raphaël (2021), "Thematic Reclassifications and Emerging Sciences", Journal for General Philosophy of Science 52(1), pp. 63–85, available here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10838-020-09526-2.
Best regards
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Are research and development programs for research centers cooperating with enterprises and other entities in clusters in order to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities in your countries?
In recent years, cooperation programs for research and R & D centers with enterprises have been developed in some countries to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities.
Because in developed countries information, innovations, new technologies and entrepreneurship are considered as one of the most important factors of the country's economic development and, as a consequence, also economic growth measured, for example, by the Gross Domestic Product in subsequent years.
In addition, research and research and implementation works are conducted in these themes, which further underline the high level of significance of innovation, new technologies and entrepreneurship in contemporary national economies.
Clusters are created within which enterprises undertake cooperation with other business entities, with scientific, research and implementation centers, universities, public sector institutions to exchange experiences, transfer knowledge, run and develop joint research and implementation projects, including innovative technological and process solutions, research, organizational and other.
In connection with the above, I am asking you the following question: Are research and development programs of research centers with enterprises and other entities in clusters conducted in your countries aimed at activating entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
Please, answer, comments,
I invite you to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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A very relevant discussion I must say. In India, the Government and various private academic institutions, as well as research centres, are partnering to develop business incubation hubs and start-up encouragements for researchers working in frontier areas of various fields. However, there is still a lot of scope for improvement in motivation, intent, plan and awareness about research to start-up transitions and entrepreneurship.
The following links can be accessed for detailed knowledge about various start-up schemes and funding in India:
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After 30 years, much will change. 30 years is a long period for the continuation of the current fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
The current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0 is motivated by the development of the following factors:
Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, Business Intelligence and other advanced data mining technologies.
On the basis of the development of the new technological solutions in recent years, dynamically developing processes of innovatively organized analyzes of large information sets stored in Big Data database systems and computing cloud computing for the needs of applications in such areas as: machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence are dynamically developing, Business Intelligence.
The development of information processing technology in the era of the current technological revolution defined by Industry 4.0 is determined by the application of new information technologies in the field of e-commerce and e-marketing.
Added to this are additional areas of application of advanced technologies for the analysis of large data sets, such as Medical Intelligence, Life Science, Green Energy, etc. Processing and multi-criteria analysis of large data sets in Big Data database systems is made according to the V4 concept, ie Volume (meaning number of data), Value (large values ​​of specific parameters of the analyzed information), Velocity (high speed of new information appearing) and Variety (high variety of information).
The advanced information processing and analysis technologies mentioned above are used more and more often for marketing purposes of various business entities that advertise their offer on the Internet or analyze the needs in this area reported by other entities, including companies, corporations, financial and public institutions. More and more commercial business entities and financial institutions conduct marketing activities on the Internet, including on social media portals.
More and more companies, banks and other entities need to conduct multi-criteria analyzes on large data sets downloaded from the Internet describing the markets on which they operate, as well as contractors and clients with whom they cooperate. On the other hand, there are already specialized technology companies that offer this type of analytical services, develop customized reports that are the result of multicriteria analyzes of large data sets obtained from various websites and from entries and comments on social media portals.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What are the known futurological visions of technology development until around 2050?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Tech future dev. in...The advent of Biotechnology courses a few decades ago appeared to provide a better alternative to young students for their career options. The applications of Biotechnology are vast as it caters to various agricultural, animal husbandry, fishery, health, pharmaceutical n etc …Samal, K. C., Mohanty, A., Patnaik, L., & Sahoo, J. P. (2021). Career Options and Future Prospects in Biotechnology. Biotica Research Today, 3(3), 135-138.
Robotics, space tech, AI, BC, BD...Wedler, A., Schuster, M. J., Müller, M. G., Vodermayer, B., Meyer, L., Giubilato, R., ... & Reill, J. (2021). German Aerospace Center's advanced robotic technology for future lunar scientific missions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 379(2188), 20190574.
Rusakova, E. P., & Inshakova, A. O. (2021). INDUSTRIAL AND MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING IN DIGITAL LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION: A NEW LEVEL OF QUALITY BASED ON DATA, BLOCKCHAIN AND AI. International Journal for Quality Research, 15(1).
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What modern, computerized information technologies in the field of Industry 4.0 are used to implement improvements in production logistics or other logistics areas, such as distribution logistics, supply logistics, transport logistics, etc.?
Please reply
Best wishes
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In recent years, the improvement of production logistics is carried out by optimizing the processes of managing the supply of raw materials, semi-finished products and prefabricated products to specific stages of the production process in accordance with the concept, e.g. just in time. The improvement of production logistics is also made through the optimization of the consumption of raw materials, energy, etc. as part of the improvement of technological production processes. The aforementioned improvement of technological production processes is carried out by implementing such Industry 4.0 technologies as smart technologies, learning machines, network development engineering, industrial Internet of things, automated machines and robotics, horizontal and vertical data system integration, multi-criteria simulation models, additive manufacturing, etc.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What types of restructuring processes are used to implement improvements in production logistics or other logistics areas, such as distribution logistics, supply logistics, transport logistics, etc.?
Please reply
Best wishes
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The SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, through its impact on economic processes in many production companies, accelerated the development restructuring processes implemented through the implementation of new Industry 4.0 technologies, including the use of smart technology, the Internet of Things, learning machines, robotics, artificial intelligence, cloud computing etc. and improvement of production logistics. Currently, many production companies are creating platforms that enable the implementation of team engineering projects implemented in the form of remote work and with the use of the so-called. digital twins of specific designed production processes, complex product designs, multi-stage technological, manufacturing, production processes, etc.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In which scientific studies you run or plan to run would be artificial intelligence helpful?
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Dear Vladimir Rotkin,
No. The discussion was not over. The overwhelming majority of the topics discussed in my Research Gate profile are still relevant and the discussions are open. Yes you are right. The issue of varieties of "analytical" artificial intelligence is also important. You added an important point to our discussion.
Thank you, Have a nice day, Stay healthy! Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Why is science of technology geared towards males over females? 
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Who leads the advances in science?
Whether, practitioners research and develop new approaches, then scientists define the conceptual frames using the established methodologies
Or else?
Any empirical researches on this?
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Progress, including the development of technology, new discoveries, the development of science, the creation of innovative solutions, etc. is made thanks to the creative work of scientists, entrepreneurs, managers, citizens running a business and implementing innovations, new solutions, technologies for economic and other processes.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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My policy and science technology science advisor had one of the biggest impacts on my learning and self reflection of physical science interactions with the behaviors of humankind. For example, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks illustrated to me that while the intention to promote science and medicine is altruistic, the benefits of resultant outcomes were not equally distributed. More recently, as a mentor as part of an Innovation curriculum If I Understood You, Would I Have This Look on My Face gave me a different perspective of communicating STEM topics.
What books have you found to compliment STEM topics that include policy, social science and or science technology society topics?
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Moneef R Zou'bi , of course! Do you have any specific recommendations for books, research or other sources of information for students or professors?
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According to statistical data, on average 1 startup per 10 achieves spectacular success and develops dynamically for a minimum period of several years. 2-3 somehow manage, but without major successes, and the remaining 7 after a year or two years end their activities for various reasons. This statistic may differ slightly between regions and countries depending on external financing assistance programs, organizational support from business incubators, etc. However, a small part of opened startups has been functioning for more than 2 years and has achieved great success in the scope of offer development, business run, participation in the acquired markets, the sale of a specific offer of innovative products or services and achieves financial success, which provides development opportunities.
In view of the above, what are the key success factors for the development of innovative startups? Is the idea for an innovative product or service the most important? Is the innovative technology on the basis of which new products or services are manufactured? Are convenient sources of external financing? Is a well-connected team of founders of a startup? Is a convenient tax system supporting the development of small entrepreneurship and innovation? Are also other factors?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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A good and potent business angel.
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  • What features the universities of the future will have?
  • What should be done by professors, administrative staff and university leadership to be prepared for the future?
Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion. I will be highly appreciated for your answers and comments!
Thank you in advance!
Best regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
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I believe that by then, there will no longer be large buildings for universities to exist. There will be less presence and more contact with the real world. I hope that by that year there will be no more collectors of scientific articles.
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How should there be an active cooperation between business and science? How should the development of clusters and agreements between cooperating enterprises and science centers, scientific institutes and universities be facilitated in the economic policy of the state?
In my opinion, there should be an active cooperation between business and science. I believe that in the economic policy of the state it is necessary to develop the facilitation of the development of clusters and agreements of cooperating enterprises with science centers, with research institutes and universities. Business development should result from scientific knowledge. Businessmen should consult scientists about business development. Scientists are more and more often engaged as consultants working on the needs of business. Entrepreneurs should use the analytical tools developed by scientists, for example in the area of ​​improvement of business analytics tools, developed computerized tools for advanced information processing, eg in Big Data database systems using Business Intelligence analytical platforms. But this is just an example of this type of cooperation between business and science.
On the other hand, it happens more and more often that researchers and scientists start startups or develop research programs, the effect of which is to create a new type of material or technology, innovative solutions. Then, such innovative solutions, which were created in research laboratories, are increasingly implemented in industry. It happens that the state co-finances large research programs, such as space exploration programs. During these high-budget research programs, new technologies are created that are used in the production of many products offered to consumers or become the basis for the creation of new technological solutions implemented in the mass production of various types of products or services.
In addition, new business and economic concepts are developed and developed, such as the concepts of sustainable pro-ecological economic development, the important element of which is the creation and implementation of eco-innovations into the industry, eg the purpose of developing new renewable energy sources. Such processes, whose aim is to reform the energy sector as quickly as possible and convert classic energy sources based on the combustion of minerals to environmentally friendly renewable energy sources are an example of necessary reforms that can be effectively implemented through cooperation of businessmen with scientists and design and implementation of large infrastructure investments and construction of a power plant for the production of electricity as part of the development of renewable energy sources from financial resources of private companies in the financial support of the state.
In connection with the above, there are more and more examples of synergies of development of private or state-supported investment ventures and developing business with the world of science. The state, as part of pro-development state interventionism, should develop its innovation and development policy as a key element of pro-development economic policy, within which it should support, as well as financially and actively, enterprises and the world of science. As part of this activation, facilitations should be created, for example through a system of tax breaks for the development of clusters and agreements between cooperating enterprises and science centers, scientific institutes and universities. This is a particularly important pro-development element in knowledge-based economies.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Should business cooperation with science develop? How to support the development of business cooperation with science? How should there be an active cooperation between business and science? How should the development of clusters and agreements between cooperating enterprises and science centers, scientific institutes and universities be facilitated in the economic policy of the state?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz The relationship between science and business has been evolving. However, the interaction between the two has not always been so smooth. There is a lot of misunderstanding or a difference in expectations on either side. Increasingly, businesses rely on research to develop new solutions. However, the disconnect between the pace of industry and that of research and innovation has to be improved. The below mentioned link throws some light on the ways how it can be improved:
Thanks!
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What are the best tips for success in a scientific career?
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Interesting question Muneeb Faiq . Would be interested to know as well.
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Apparently, the largest technology companies are already working on a new type of electronic gadgets, which in the next stage of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, will replace smartphones.
Therefore, I am asking you: What type of electronic gadget will replace smartphones in the future?
Please reply.
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Voicebots, I guess.
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Is the development of computerized advanced information processing technologies, ie technologies typical of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0, currently one of the major determinants shaping contemporary philosophical concepts describing the role of science and conducted research?
In some countries over 90 percent. official matters citizens now settle through the Internet at home. Similarly with payments and transfers via the Internet as part of electronic banking. In addition to laptops, tablets, smartphones and smartphones, more and more devices allow access to the Internet. Therefore, more and more devices offer various information services available on the Internet. More and more people use the Internet as the main global information medium. The time spent on reading books decreases and the time spent on browsing information portals and social media portals on the Internet increases. In this way, people's habits and social behaviors change. This situation can also influence the role and importance of science in the modern world.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Is the development of computerized advanced information processing technologies, ie technologies typical of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0, currently one of the major determinants shaping contemporary philosophical concepts describing the role of science and conducted research?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Philosophy of science focuses on metaphysical, epistemic and semantic aspects of science... American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). 2011.
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Yes, in my country, the Scopus indexing base is considered one of the most important. The Scopus database is recognized as the main scientific database for the indexation of scientific publications characterized by high citation. However, on a global scale, the bases of indexing scientific publications recognized in various countries by various centers and scientific institutions are at least a dozen or so. However, these various indexing bases are not usually fully comparable, they are functionally differentiated and thanks to that they are only partially substitutable, but more often they are complementary. The question of complementarity should be developed. Then it will serve the development of scientific research and international cooperation of scientific communities.
In view of the above, I am asking you with the following question: Is the Scopus database recognized in your country as the main database for the indexation of scientific publications?
And if not the Scopus database, which other database of publications and scientific journals is considered the most important in your country?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
What do you think about this topic?
Please reply.
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation.
Thank you very much.
Best wishes.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Dr. Dariusz Prokopowicz , I hold similar views - Dr. Avishag Gordon.
In India, the University (where I work) and many other Universities started seriously considering the Scopus index for Ph.D thesis submission ( 2 articles in scopus indexed journals), promotion (computing scores), and research grants (to assess quality of research undertaken so far) and Ph.D guideship (atleast 2 in scopus or SCI or SSCI)....
So, the point is Scopus is gaining acceptance/importance but there are other indexes too...considered equally important.
Warm regards Yoganandan G
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What are the advantages of conducting research in international research teams?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Scientific research has included a very important international team, as it broadens research horizons and takes into account the characteristics of different countries and contexts. Therefore, the results are closer to reality.
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Dear all, Mathematical models and theories are meant to provide efficient and accurate approximations of physical phenomenon. Some models have been ignored assumed to be true for hundreds or thousands years, few of them have been maintained and perfected to be close to reality (atomic models, the universe size, etc.). The human word perception and understanding is getting better every day. Also, most advances in science and technology are overlooked those of the previous cycle. However, these physical principles have been existed since the existence of the earth and the universe. The good news, Many theories and physical principles still exist and are just waiting to be discovered, our ignorance does not mean the absence of such a principle (Human limitation to exploring the earth against the vastness of the universe is a proof). Is there any mechanism or a technique which makes it possible to predict the existence of some new physical phenomenon, etc. or to initiate the reflection process ?. Thanks for your comments.
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Thank you, Dr. Boris Menin. Happy 2021.
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Dear Friends and Colleagues from RG,
I wish You all the best in the New Year. I wish you a successful continuation and successes in scientific work, achieving interesting results of scientific research in the New Year 2019 and I also wish you good luck in your personal life, all the best.
In the New Year, I wish You success in personal and professional life, fulfillment of plans and dreams, including successes in scientific work, All Good.
In the ending year, we often ask ourselves:
Have we successfully implemented our research plans in the ending year? We usually answer this question that a lot has been achieved, that some of the plans a year ago have been realized, but not all goals have been achieved.
I wish You that the Next Year would be much better than the previous ones, that each of us would also achieve at least some of the planned most important goals to be achieved in personal, professional and scientific life.
I wish You dreams come true regarding the implementation of interesting research, I wish You fantastic results of research and effective development of scientific cooperation.
I wish You effective development of scientific cooperation, including international scientific cooperation, implementation of interesting research projects within international research teams and that the results of scientific research are appreciated, I wish You awards and prizes for achievements in scientific work.
I wish You many successes in scientific work, in didactic work and in other areas of your activity in the New Year, and I also wish you health, peace, problem solving, prosperity in your personal life, all the best.
Thank you very much.
Best wishes.
I wish you the best in New Year 2019.
Happy New Year 2020.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
Hello Dear Everyone,
In the New Year of 2021, I wish all researchers, scientists and users of the Research Gate portal fulfill their plans and dreams, success in their professional work and personal life, success in the field of research and publication of their results, all the best. I wish all my colleagues and friends from the Research Gate portal that the New Year 2021 will be better than the previous years, that the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic ends as soon as possible, that there is a quick return to "normal", to the pre-pandemic state . The year 2021 begins a new decade of many new challenges related to solving key problems of the development of civilization, solving problems resulting from the pandemic crisis, economic, social and climate crises, etc. Let us hope that the development of science, further scientific research, new technologies, the current fourth technological revolution will enable the solution of key problems of civilization development.
Happy New Year 2021
Best regards, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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One example is where a meta-analysis includes key fraudulent/plagiarized primary studies.
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The authors who retracted a meta analysis soon after learning it included a recently retracted study think it is essential that systematic reviews should be withdrawn if retracted papers are identified
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Presenting it in a graph would make it easier for readers to capture the pattern, but no new info is added other that what's mentioned in the table.
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Avoid one graph and one table using the same data. This is a recipe for rejection by the journals!
It is not always possible to present all data as a graph particularly when there are many different variables of interest in the article, in such cases, a table is required. However, if the variables are few (e.g. number of medications used by the patients in the study), then it is preferable to use graph.
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Are spin-off companies established in your universities that combine research activities with the industrial implementation of innovative new technologies created in these entities?
I am asking because I have noticed that in some universities such companies operating in the field of new innovative technologies are established, including in the field of research and industrial implementation in the fields of biotechnology, energy innovations, renewable energy, materials science, robotics, telecommunications, new online media, Big Data database systems, artificial intelligence, internet of things, machine learning, data processing in the cloud computing and other advanced information processing technologies typical of the current fourth technological revolution called Industry 4.0. These types of business entities are usually arranged to support the research, education and development activities of the university.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Are spin-off companies established in your universities that combine research activities with the industrial implementation of innovative new technologies created in these entities?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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USOs in the Latin American region... Montiel-Campos, H. (2018). University spin-offs creation in the Latin American region. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies.
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From antiquity, philosophy has given inspiration for the development of other sciences. Some teachings come from specific trends in the history of philosophical thought. Currently, philosophy can give conceptual inspiration for creating new concepts for other sciences and for creating innovative solutions.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Philosophy teaches us how to think. It is not a "science", a set of "sciences", and has not any compromises with ideas of "innovation", "creativity", even less with "technology", "design" and all the other words that are nowadays used and abused around knowledge. However, philosophy is indispensable for sciences, scientific research, and knowledge innovation precisely because it illuminates how to ask, how to inquiry, and how to search for knowledgeable answers. Most of the main subjects of philosophy still are long-term inquiries on the meaning of life, moral conduct, the value of knowledge, human virtues, love, or justice that have been discussed for thousands of years, finding new answers and paths towards a meaningful humanistic life. Philosophy doesn't need to be innovative but only to be serious and profound, keeping epistemic requirements, logic processes, and ontological exactions. It is enough to maintain philosophy with its original wonderful meaning: philein and sophia or the love of wisdom.
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Why does your choice appeal to you?
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Which approach to climate change could help: technological innovation, institutional change, or individual repentance
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Internet technology companies that created and developed social media portals have built their business model on specific forms of online marketing.
One of these forms is online viral marketing. In this form of marketing there is still a lot of potential.
However, in the future, the rate of dynamic development of these portals based on marketing activities may significantly decrease.
As a result, the companies that run these portals expand the offer of their information and marketing services.
One of the forms of expanding the activities of these technology companies is, for example, the development of additional services and development towards fin tech.
In view of the above, the current question is: Is online viral marketing the main determinant of the dynamic development of social media portals?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Yes, this discussion essentially confirms the crucial thesis that viral marketing is one of the leading types of internet marketing developed on social media.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Like human beings, various professors have various qualities. What are the most important aspects / qualities / features of a professor you appreciate the most?
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Humility
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Accusation between the US and China is becoming a daily affair and gaining momentum. The two economic and military superpowers are moving away from collaboration and inching towards confrontations in most issues.
is the problem "unfair trade"only ? or, there are other issues? Is China becoming powerful enough that Washington feel threaten?
How is this going to affect the rest of the world?
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Dear Prof. Mahmoud Moghavvemi ,
It was started several years ago by the Chinese communist party ChCP, and its companies such as NORINCO, by providing the following:
  • Surveillance technology to extinguish dissidents.
  • Intelligence technology to control food distribution and elections.
  • ChCP and NORINCO built and provided the assassin conventional arsenal that endured the Maduro genocide all these years and made the Venezuelan crisis irreversible (thousands of chemical armoured vehicles VN-4, ABV1, WTC-1, among many others).
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Indeed, I have observed that there is some scientific journals that listed in Scopus sources of not good quality from scientific point of view. At the same time some Universities are depending on Scoups in a similar manner to that of Thomson & Routers or Clarivate analytics.
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LanguagesEnglishAccessProvidersElsevierCostSubscriptionCoverageDisciplinesLife sciences; social sciences; physical sciences; health sciencesTemporal coverage2004–presentGeospatial coverageWorldwideNo. of records69 millionLinks
  • Website
  • Title list
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I have 2 comparable cases that were treated with 2 different treatments( both approved for the meant indication) but showed different outcomes. and I think it is better if I present them in one paper for the goal of comparison if needed.
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In my opinion; it would be better to present them in one paper.
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According to expert opinions, the IT technology virtual reality and augmented reality will be implemented to information services offered on online information portals and in technological applications of online companies. Probably in the near future, virtual reality technology and augmented reality will be one of the main computerized forms of access to the digital world in the future. Adding a digital overlay to reality allows you to create characters and objects that you can design and digitally develop. Digital objects created in this way can be placed in real space as if they really existed, which will probably be used in meeting expectations as to the development of information services in the future.
In view of the above, the current question is: Is IT technology virtual reality and augmented reality already implemented in Internet information services?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
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Nice Dear Chris Rhodes
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Hi guys!
I am advancing in the empirical design of my next project about regimes of knowledge production on Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) and I would like to know if you have any suggestions of literature about this topic in STS, Medical Sociology of related fields.
I am interested in the perspective of the coproduction of biomedical evidence which emerges in the circuit of pathologization/diagnostic/medicalization/evaluation/new research agenda, specially addressed to the diffusion of immunotherapies and artificial antibodies in Oncology and Rheumatology.
Keep safe and cheers!
Renan
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Wow, Barry, Renan can now go wild.
Those are the most important references.
I recall the frustrations of a US doctor who penned that as:
Death by Prescription - Dr Ray D Strand
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SARS-CoV-2 mainly affects the elderly, predominant in rich countries. Developing countries can more easily overcome the pandemic, given their lower life expectancy and that young people are less affected. Autoimmunization may be faster, and demographic and economic effects could be reduced in the long term
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Rich countries have more resources to get a quick recovery in general....
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Hello dear Reserachers, Professors,
I'm asking myself and you, for the effects of Covid-19 on publication, reviewing process, and reclassification of priorioties on certain topics; e.g: and with high probability, the first topic will be all reserches treated this virus and relatid subjects...)
How you see this new shift ?
Best Wishes
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I think we have to use the time in writing and reviewing. Currently, many of scientsts stay at home and the laboratory load is reduced. This may be a good chance to finish the delayed office works
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According to your studies and experiments is there any link between talent management and employee engagement?
Please kindly share your ideas.
Thank you.
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Yes, there is a direct connection. By engaging the talented, our processes become more creative and innovative. It is the best competitive advantage that is almost impossible to reach and copy.
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In which areas of science are adequate research carried out by research teams, and in which areas, scientific disciplines are research conducted by researchers more often? Do you know fields, disciplines in which research is usually conducted by research teams? Do team research projects have specific attributes that generate additional added value or do they have an advantage over research conducted individually by scientists?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply.
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation.
Thank you very much.
Best wishes.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
In the context of the above discussion, I propose to add to our considerations the following important issue:
The impact of scientific conferences on the development of science.
Scientific conferences make it possible to make friends with other scientists and researchers. During the conference there are opportunities to conduct discussions and debates on interesting topics. Thanks to this, it is possible to undertake scientific cooperation and create international research teams and projects.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
- What do you think about this topic?
- What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply.
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation.
Thank you very much.
Best wishes.
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The technological revolution Industry 4.0 is currently one of the major determinants of the economic development of highly developed and developing countries.
Therefore, the issue of Industry 4.0 should be introduced as an additional subject in studies in the fields of management, administration, economics, IT, master of business administration, etc.
In view of the above, I am asking you: What new professions will be created on the labor market in the future due to the development of the Industry 4.0 technological revolution?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Dariusz Prokopowicz Depending on the requirements of the developing industry, new professions are formed day by day. With Industry 4.0, it is expected that there will be significant changes in the job descriptions and types as well as in many areas from the industry to the management organization. I have compiled the 10 professional groups that are planned to be brought with Industry 4.0.
1. Industrial Data Science
2. Robot Coordinator
3. IT / IoT Solution Architecture
4. Industrial Computer Engineering / Programming
5. Cloud Computing Expertise
6. Data Security Expertise
7. Network Development Engineering
8. 3-D Printer Engineering
9. Industrial User Interface Design
10. Wearable Technology Designer
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A useful article on Altmetrics and social based metrics Of scientific Research
“Measuring scientific impact beyond academia: An assessment of existing impact metrics and proposed improvements“ authored by: James Ravenscroft ,Maria Liakata,Amanda Clare, And Daniel Duma
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My discovery in groundwater research has assisted my community in finding economic and potable groundwater (groundwter that is devoid of contaminations) deposits for use.
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Is the progressive increase in the digitization of education process instruments a feature of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0?
Measuring the impact of digital technology, including new online media on the process of learning and the effects of the education process can be based on a comparison of assessments at a specific time, a specific educational process supported by the use of new online media, social media portals and other technologies typical of the digital age. These technologies currently include mainly new technological solutions, streamlining improvements, innovations etc. regarding, among others, advanced data processing, including data obtained from the Internet, data processing in the cloud, Big Data database systems, using artificial intelligence, etc. These new technologies of advanced information processing co-create the current fourth technological revolution called Industry 4.0.
In view of the above, the current question is: Is the progressive increase in the digitization of education process instruments a feature of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
In the context of the above discussion, the following question arises:
Do smartphones change the social behavior of children and young people?
On the basis of the above considerations and conclusions from the discussion on interesting issues discussed, I formulated the following thesis that the impact of everyday use of smartphones by young people can significantly modify and shape the social behavior of young people. However, what will be the effects of this impact and changes in social behavior, methods of communication between people, i.e. whether they will be socially and psychophysically positive or rather negative effects, it depends on many factors, which include, among others, the following determinants:
- In what applications are they used as lubricants by young people?
- How much time on a daily scale do children and young people spend using smartphones for various purposes?
- Do children and young people use smartphones mainly for educational purposes, as a tool for finding information related to knowledge learned at school, or is the smartphone a source of entertainment?
- Do children and young people use smartphones, among others, to contact their peers through social media portals such as Instagram, Facebook, Messenger, Snapchat, Pinterest and others?
- Are children and young people already a significant market for the sale of products from various companies advertised on social networks?
- Can excessive use of smartphones by children and young people negatively affect their psychophysical development?
The above discussion inspired me to formulate the following question:
Can the impact of everyday use of smartphones by young people significantly modify and shape the social behavior of young people?
Below I have described the key determinants confirming the formulated research thesis. To the above discussion I would like to add the following conclusion formulated as a summary of my previous considerations on this topic: The positive or negative impact of smartphones on the social behavior and psychophysical health of children and young people can be large.
In recent years, young people use desktop computers less often and more often with laptops and mobile devices or mainly use mobile devices, primarily smartphones. Are these changes in the use of devices with Internet access, and the increasing use of smartphones, conducive to the use of Internet communication, including social media portals and the use of Internet information resources, make young people significantly use the Internet as a useful knowledge resource to the education process? Research shows that smartphones are equipped with new applications offering new types of information services, etc. Therefore, smartphones are less and less used for telephoning because the number of other functions and applications in the field of new Internet information services is increasing.
ICT information technologies, internet technologies and advanced processing technologies for large data sets collected in Big Data database systems, processed with the use of Business Intelligence analytical platforms, with access to the analytical system through smartphones and other devices. The Internet of Things is increasingly used in modern education. Therefore, the possibility of using smartphones as a tool supporting education is also an important issue. ICT information technologies and new media internet technologies, Industry 4.0 advanced data processing technologies, which are increasingly being implemented into educational processes and may also negatively impact pedagogical processes in schools. I also believe that the implementation of ICT information technologies, new media internet technologies, including social media portals and advanced data processing technology Industry 4.0 into educational processes can have a negative impact on the classical theory of children's mental development. Because in young children and adolescents, the process of adopting new concepts (thought process) in pre-school institutes extends from the perception of the senses (sight, hearing, touch), speech and direct manipulation of real objects (teaching resources), to create abstract concepts is the use of new information technologies ICT, Internet technologies and Industry 4.0 should be done under the full control of educators. Because in young children, the child must first "see the object in his head", he first had to "see it and touch with his hand" to learn, so devoting a significant amount of time to viewing various graphic and film spots, advertising on social media websites by children can cause negative effects in the psyche and in the child's psychosomatic development.
To answer the above questions, it is necessary to verify first of all the following question: Do children and young people use smartphones mainly for educational purposes as a tool for searching information related to knowledge learned at school, or rather a smartphone is a source of entertainment? Children and young people are increasingly using smartphones to, among others, contact their peers through social media portals such as Instagram, Facebook, Messenger, Snapchat, Pinterest and others. Many companies in the clothing, cosmetics, toy, perfumeries, etc. have already noticed that children and young people already constitute a significant market for the sale of products of various companies advertised on social networks. However, many studies show that excessive use of smartphones by children and young people can negatively affect their psychophysical development. Many potential negative aspects of the use of smartphones by children and young people have already been defined.
For example, too much time allocated to the use of smartphones by children and young people for entertainment purposes, e.g. to conduct discussions with peers through social media portals and to play computer games reduces the time spent on physical activity and can be an important factor increasing obesity and deterioration of physical and mental health. In addition, children recently watch a lot of movies and cartoons on social networks, including smartphones. If children spend a lot of time on watching movies and cartoons on social networks, including smartphones, this can have a negative impact on the child's psycho-physical development, including causing deterioration of vision if they spend a lot of time watching movies, posts, comments, advertising banners on social networks viewed on your smartphone.
In recent years, there have been more and more situations of addiction of children and young people to the use of smartphones. The problem of youth addiction to smartphones is growing in many countries. A very negative effect is the rapidly growing number of road accidents caused by the fact that while driving a car, motorbike, bicycle drivers use smartphones and more and more pedestrians fall under the cars entering the road while browsing messages on smartphones. Therefore, in some countries more restrictive legal regulations are introduced, including, first of all, a ban on entering the road while looking at the smartphone. In addition, special lighting systems are installed in the pavements to inform about changing lights at pedestrian crossings on the roadways. In this respect, the educational role of parents and teachers in schools is also crucial in considering the impact of long-term use of smartphones by children on children's development.
Therefore, if children or young people use smartphones to learn, as a tool supporting the processes of education, communication with peers from school and friends, and if they use new internet media devices from time to time, this may not be assessed positively. However, if it divides or teenagers use smartphones many hours a day, among others, browsing advertisements on social media portals and worthless memes and films, then it can have a destructive impact on the intellectual and psychological development of children and youth. In this situation, the use of smartphones by children and youth should be limited and controlled by parents, guardians and teachers.
Therefore, the use of smartphones by children and young people should be subject to parental control. The need for this control results from the growing number of different information services available on smartphones, the growing number of children and adolescents dependent on the use of smartphones, the increase in the number of cases of neglecting school duties, the increase in the percentage of children diagnosed with vision defects caused by too long browsing of content posted on the Internet and read on a smartphone etc.
Therefore, information and communication technologies cannot replace every form and method of learning in the educational process of young children and young people. Of course, full implementation of ICT information technologies, new media internet technologies, including social media portals and advanced data processing technology Industry 4.0 into teaching processes in schools cannot be ruled out. This process is already underway. However, it is necessary to bring this process under full control of educators, teachers and parents of children. Already, there is a lot of disturbing information from the media and from ongoing research on the effects of using new media internet technologies, including social media portals by children and young people. Children and teenagers mainly browse social media on smartphones. Many children spend too much time browsing social media portals on smartphones. The result is a reduction in the time spent on physical and sport activities, on learning, book readership decreases and the scale of diagnosed vision defects in adolescents in recent years. In this way, many problems arise that can affect the reduction of educational opportunities for children and adolescents. these problems should be solved systemically at all levels of the education system, i.e. from ministries of education to individual schools.
In addition, students and parents should be made aware of emerging threats through social campaigns in various media. Research shows that the process of implementing ICT information technologies, new media internet technologies, including social media portals and advanced data processing technologies, Industry 4.0 for teaching processes in schools has already begun. Of course, the use of ICT, Internet and Industry 4.0 technologies in education processes does not only generate negative aspects. Therefore, the central institutions of the education system should coordinate the development of these processes in such a way as to maximize the positive aspects of the implementation of ICT information technologies, new media internet technologies, including social media portals and advanced industry 4.0 data processing technology for teaching processes in schools. However, one should not forget about these negative aspects, about already diagnosed developing problems, which should be solved and educating teachers, students and parents about potential threats.
Activation for critical thinking of students is a particularly important determinant of effective education. Modern education instruments are important in this matter, thanks to which analytical techniques, brainstorming, debates, discussions, etc. used in the education process of pupils and students are developed. These techniques should also develop creativity, innovation and teamwork. In my opinion, activation of critical thinking of students and pupils, development of discussion skills in debates, development of creativity, innovation and teamwork of pupils and students correlates perfectly with the development of the concept of modern education 4.0. Currently, in the era of the technological revolution referred to as industry 4.0, new teaching concepts are emerging known as education 4.0.
On the other hand, dynamic development of social media portals on the Internet is currently underway. For young people using smartphones, social media portals are one of the main sources of information.
Probably the next stage in the development of social media portals will be the implementation of artificial intelligence into these portals and into search engines and creating applications such as interactive advisers on individual information websites. Social media portals are at some stages of education, in some education systems they are used to educate students on specific issues and according to the age of the students. But do they really help in the education process or are they just another teaching aid without a significant impact on the learning outcomes? Pupils and students use social media portals to exchange information useful for education. In addition, on Facebook, pupils and students create group profiles where they post joint didactic materials. In addition, they create survey forms for the needs of surveys, the results of which are used for written theses and final essays.
In connection with the above, another key question arises:
Should new online media be used in education processes? In my opinion, yes, new online media should be used in education processes. The issue of communication with the use of new online media is very important in the context of an effectively conducted education process. We currently communicate widely through various online media, including email. Some email inboxes that we use have anti-spam restrictions, which makes communication difficult. The development of communication through various internet media, also through social media portals, is an important issue in education. New media should be used effectively in the education process, but their technical specifications are not always fully suitable for the needs of communication development in the context of the implemented education process. However, whenever possible, new online media should be used in education, because young people use them widely and can be an excellent additional tool in the field of teaching instruments, e.g. for the effective search of necessary, current information.
In solutions regarding the use of smartphones as instruments used in didactics, the following should also be taken into account: During some lessons it may be for a certain period of time, in certain situations of didactic games or presentation of specific processes and lesson topics, the teacher may allow the use of devices such as virtual reality spheres and augmented reality. In addition, the teacher may also include other mobile devices such as laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. in the education process. In specific situations, these devices would play the role of teaching instruments to support the teaching processes conducted by the teacher. However, if the use of laptops, tablets, smartphones, smartwatches, etc. during school lessons is not a teaching instrument, it is not part of the educational process, it should be prohibited during the lesson to use these devices. Using laptops, tablets, smartphones, smartwatches and other mobile devices enabling browsing the Internet resources during the lesson may interfere with students' active participation in the lesson and the teacher may be distracted in conducting the lesson. On the other hand, during some lessons it may be for a certain period of time, in certain situations of searching for information on the Internet, the teacher may allow the use of these devices if laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. would act as didactic instruments enabling finding the necessary information.
On the other hand, thanks to information technologies, new online media and Industry 4.0 technologies, the logistics of information and communication between institutions and enterprises is being improved. The improvement of communication between individuals, institutions and enterprises is achieved through the use of new online information and communication media in combination with the Internet of Things technology. The current development of mobile devices, mainly smartphones and their applications for international communication and information transfer makes it possible to improve information logistics. Therefore, the use of online new media technologies and advanced information processing technologies, i.e. industry 4.0 typical for the current technological revolution, can significantly increase the efficiency of communication processes between cooperating members of national and international working teams in institutions and enterprises.
In connection with the above, there are also many positive applications of smartphones, including those used to support the development of science. Smartphones facilitate communication between scientists and facilitate the search for scientific information that can be useful for conducting scientific research. Smarfons are increasingly replacing laptops and other computers. In a situation where scientists, teachers, students and students would smartly search and read publications published e.g. on the Research Gate website, this is a perfect, positive example of using a smartphone as a tool supporting the processes of education and science development.
It is worth adding the following issue to these considerations. At present, smartphones dominate in the use of communication and the use of various information services. In addition, some Internet users also use tablets and smatwatches. Google glasses with Internet access a few years ago were to be an innovative hit that would revolutionize the mobile Internet, but they did not get adopted on a larger scale. Perhaps no significant demand has arisen for this type of device yet. Perhaps this will change in the future. Perhaps the era of this type of mobile devices will appear in the future when the next generations of compatible devices will appear and 5G Internet will become more widespread.
According to the above, in my opinion the impact of everyday use of smartphones by young people can significantly modify and shape the social behavior of young people. However, what will be the effects of this impact and changes in social behavior, ways of communication between people, i.e. whether they will be socially and psychophysically positive or rather negative effects, it depends on many factors that I described above.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
I am currently conducting research in the field of education, specifically the use of technical devices, teaching facilities and the use by students of available IT devices, mobile devices and smartphones as an aid in the education process. Does any of you conduct research on similar issues or on other topics? If in similar, similar topics, I invite you to cooperation.
In view of the above, in order to more fully identify the above issues, it is necessary to conduct research that will facilitate the formulation of answers to the following questions:
- What types of information services are currently used for smartphones?
- Is browsing social media on smartphones starting to dominate over other applications and internet information services?
- What kind of information services available for smartphones will develop in the future?
- Does using smartphones change sociological behavioral issues?
- Does the use of smartphones change the standards of human behavior?
- Does using smartphones change the standards of communication between people?
- Do children and young people use smartphones mainly for educational purposes, as a tool for finding information related to knowledge learned at school, or is the smartphone a source of entertainment?
- Do children and young people use smartphones, among others, to contact their peers through social media portals such as Instagram, Facebook, Messenger, Snapchat, Pinterest and others?
- Are children and young people already a significant market for the sale of products from various companies advertised on social networks?
- Can excessive use of smartphones by children and young people negatively affect their psychophysical development?
- What social problems are derived from the addiction of children and young people to the use of smartphones?
- Should laptops, tablets, smartphones, smartwatches etc. be used during school lessons?
- Is too much time allocated for the use of smartphones by children and young people for entertainment purposes, e.g. to conduct discussions with peers through social media portals and to play computer games reduces the time spent on physical activity and can be an important factor increasing obesity and deterioration of physical and mental health?
- Should children and teenagers be limited and the use of smartphones limited? Should you fully control the use of smartphones by children and young people?
- What do you think are the potential other effects of using smartphones on children and young people?
- What Internet of Things devices will in the future take over most of the functions of current smartphones? Will it be e.g. smart glasses like Google smart glasses?
- In what direction will the evolution of mobile devices take place in the Internet of things in the future?
- What do you think about this topic?
- What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply
I invite you to discussion
thank you very much
Best wishes
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The technology gap is the divergence between nations and communities in their abilities to access, diffuse and use scientific and technical knowledge. It is one of the main causes of the rapidly expanding socio-economic gap between rich and poor nations and constitutes a major challenge for developing countries in their efforts to achieving the development goals.
Countries diverge greatly in their access to Science and Technology (S&T) knowledge; most of this knowledge is generated in developed countries, as they also have varying capacities to translate S&T knowledge into goods and services and invest in human resources and entrepreneurial capacity-building. Similarly, counties diverge in appreciation of the importance of science and technology to development; in capabilities to provide S&T advice to multilateral negotiations at the international level, and to implement the results of such negotiations at the national level.
As a scientist, can you kindly share your contribution in bridging the Gap in knowledge generation and technological activity between industrialized and developing countries?
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Technology is very important for every country, to make an advanced using resources efficiency, education system , can give you the real applied knowledge as the base to Patent and innovation.
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Should pilot study be a mandatory step before we pursue the main research?
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Yes of course