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Publications related to Rural Areas (10,000)
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Article
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With the introduction of automated vehicles, new operating regimes for public transport services will become possible. A station-based Automated Transit on Demand service could be an attractive alternative to the current modes of transportation. In this paper, the impact of this kind of service on the modal share for the city of Zurich, Switzerland...
Cover Page
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We would like to invite you to contribute to our upcoming Special Issue of Sustainability titled “Land Consolidation, Land Management and Rural Areas Development in Sustainability”. The Special Issue focuses on original research articles and comprehensive reviews regarding the sustainable development of rural areas in different dimensions. land con...
Preprint
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The journal Land (ISSN 2073-445X, IF 3.905) is currently running a Special Issue entitled “Topical Advisory Panel Member Solicited Papers Series: Land Use Changes in Rural Areas”. I am serving as Guest Editor for this issue. In recognition of your well-respected work, you are cordially invited to submit a research article or comprehensive literatur...
Article
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Background: Participation in clinical trials is linked to improved patient outcomes. Despite this, most trial participants either reside in, or are treated in metropolitan areas. TrialHub developed hub-and-spoke models to support and grow clinical trial units in outer metropolitan and regional/rural centres in order to boost clinical trial engagem...
Article
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The main aim of this study is to analyse sectoral income differentials and in-come poverty in Chilean agricultural between 1935 and 1968. The food share method of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) is used as a methodological approach. The conclusions areas follows: (1) contrary to what the existing l...
Article
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Green spaces around schools contribute to children's health and wellbeing. However, only a few studies have examined whether green space provision around schools in urban and rural areas are equally available across socioeconomic groups. We assessed whether and to what extent the green space provision of public primary schoolyards differs cross-sec...
Article
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The abandonment of rural areas has become a major demographical challenge in recent years, especially in Spain and, more specifically, in the Valencian Community. A classification released by the government of this region revealed that almost a third of its municipalities are at depopulation risk. This classification is based on demographic variabl...
Conference Paper
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European colonialism created an unprecedent chapter in the history of humanity. Flows of people, plants, animals, objects, goods, knowledge, and ideas took place, however, in a differentiated and unequal way. While positioning the Americas as its production centre, Africa, and Asia as its supply space, within these new geographical articulations, E...
Article
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Study region Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria Study focus Urban groundwater is a strategic water resource in Africa that offers a buffer against climate variability. Increasing population, extensive pollution, and climate change threaten the contribution of urban groundwater in compensating increasing freshwater demand. Modern urban areas are o...
Article
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The contamination of the environment by microplastics (MPs) in road dust poses a serious ecological and health concern. MPs have been detected in road dust worldwide and their presence has been mainly attributed to plastic litter fragmentation and vehicle tyre abrasion. Although current technologies such as Raman and Fourier Transform InfraRed spec...
Article
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Renewable energy sources (RES) dominance in Uganda's electricity mix is challenged by affordability and theft. To assess electricity affordability, the study proposed a probabilistic method to quantify the households into different electricity categories for both urban and rural areas. Alternative electricity billing schemes based on Scenarios A to...
Article
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Understanding which variables mediate people's attitudes towards wildlife species is fundamental for improving human-wildlife coexistence in increasingly human-dominated landscapes. Based on questionnaire responses (a total of n = 589 responses, of which n = 459 were complete and used for statistical analysis), we investigated the attitudes of visi...
Conference Paper
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Albergo diffuso (AD) is an innovative and sustainable business model proposed as a solution for low competitiveness of private accommodation sector in Croatia. Even though literature suggests numerous benefits of albergo diffuso, as of today, according to the Ministry of tourism, there are only two ADs registered in Croatia. This study aimed to exp...
Article
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Climate-related hazards such as sand and dust storms (SDS) have various impacts on human health, socio-economy, environment, and agroecosystems. Iran has been severely affected by domestic and external SDS during the last two decades. Considering the fragile economy of Iran’s rural areas and the strong dependence of livelihood on agroecosystems, SD...
Article
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The maintenance of people’s lifestyle against global climate change, exhaustion of groundwater, depletion of minerals, and water scarcity has instigated the recycling and reuse of water from unlikely sources. This situation has motivated researchers to develop effective technologies for treating wastewater, enabling its reuse. Water security has be...
Article
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Vehicles serve as mobile nodes in a high-mobility MANET technique known as the vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), which is used in urban and rural areas as well as on highways. The VANET, based on 5G (5G-VANET), provides advanced facilities to the driving of vehicles such as reliable communication, less end-to-end latency, a higher data rate transmi...
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This study focuses on China’s industrial transformation and urban income inequality. It is shown that between 2011 and 2020, improvements in China’s industrial structure have a significant positive influence on lowering income gaps between urban and rural areas when used in conjunction with the empirical research approach. The mechanical study show...
Preprint
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The norm in Indonesia places a pregnant, unmarried woman as a disgrace, and the situation can influence the decision to use contraceptives. This research aimed to analyze contraceptive use among unmarried women in Indonesia. We employed the 2017 Indonesian Demographic Health Survey data. The analysis unit in this study was unmarried women of childb...
Article
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It is known that water in nature has the property of self-purification. But by our century, the level of water pollution exceeded the norm. As a result, water could not completely eliminate the contaminants contained in its composition. This also defines the problem of solving on self-purification of water. There are various ways to control the qua...
Book
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Preface In line with millennium developmental goals, almost all countries in the world are trying to ensure prosperity to its people. Towards this end, various developmental strategies have been put in place. Proving financial services to economically and socially lower strata of population is one such strategy. There is no denying the fact that ab...
Article
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The ability of agricultural business human resources in rural areas in business management is still lacking because most of them have low education, only based on experience and training or counseling from related agencies. Most of the business capital comes from their own capital and partly is a capital strengthening fund from the government for t...
Article
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Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing the utilization of oral health care among 5 years old children. Methods We conducted two observational cross-sectional studies. The studies were conducted in 2005 and 2015 and included 5-year-old children who underwent dental examination by trained dentists and the caregive...
Article
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Waste classification is the key initiative to solve environmental pollution and achieve resource recycling, environmental improvement, and high-quality development in rural areas. Under the perspective of “external support–internal drive”, this paper adopts the survey data of 2628 rural residents in Jiangsu province to analyze the influence and spa...
Article
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Anthropometric indices are commonly used to assess nutritional status, health, and development of children as well as the whole population. Nutritional status depends on dietary intake of food, nutrients, diseases and overall health status, and health care practices, which indirectly affects the educational performances. This study focused on anthr...
Article
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Purpose This study aimed to clarify the relationship between liver fibrosis scores (Fibrosis-4, BARD score, and BAAT score) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods We collected a range of data from 11,503 subjects (5,326 men and 6,177 women) from the rural regions of Northeastern China. Three liver fibrosis scores (LFSs) including fibrosis-4 (FI...
Article
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Since the Covid-19 pandemic, learning in schools has been done online. In contrast to face-to-face learning, online learning is a learning system without face to face directly between teachers and students, but is carried out online using the internet network. The purpose of this study is to identify problems that arise during online learning in ru...
Preprint
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With this article, we aim to investigate the literature and foreign experiences that exist in relation to the smart village model, its essence and features as a model of rural development, its development potential and the benefits it can bring in a sustainable rural development and in increasing the well-being of rural communities, if applied. The...
Chapter
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Abstract Landscapes and environments are constantly subject to changes due to human actions. While these changes are not problems in themselves, the patterns and dimensions of the changes can be problematic when human actions become poorly governed, random and indiscriminate. Poorly governed human actions relative to the environment negatively impa...
Article
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Routine collection of electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePROs) can improve clinical care. However, a low response rate may counteract the benefits. To optimize adoption, the aim of this study was to investigate which patient factors and/or timing of the invitation predicted response to ePROs sent prior to consultations in patients with rheumato...
Article
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The urban megaregion has been promoted as among the major urbanization forms in New-Type Urbanization in China, which aims to promote more balanced development among cities and between the urban and rural areas in a region. While numerous studies have examined developed land expansion in cities worldwide using remotely sensed imagery, fewer have in...
Conference Paper
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Micro-credit financing is considered a significant tool for the socioeconomic development of women in developing counties. Rural women have been identified as a significant force in country development since empowering women is considered a successful strategic approach to poverty alleviation. But their participation in economic development reduces...
Article
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Little is known about abuse and violence against elderly women, as well as prevention and intervention strategies. We present the results of an investigation that has as its objective the elaboration of the Location Map of elderly women victims of gender violence, analyzing their territorial distribution in the specific case of the Autonomous Commu...
Article
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Background: In Ethiopia high population growth and unintended pregnancies are posing pressures where the economy is incapable of holding overpopulation. Despite this problem, utilization of modern contraception is low in rural areas of the country, especially in the areas where polygamy is common. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess cont...
Article
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The most important atmospheric pollutants include PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3. Characteristics of atmospheric pollution were investigated by analyzing daily and hourly concentrations of the six key pollutants in three different functional areas (urban, suburban, and rural) of Shanghai during 2019–2021. Results show that O3, exceeding PM2.5, ha...
Article
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Several recent studies have reported that adolescent girls from every corner of India particularly from rural areas had poor health status and the roots of this problem was found that most of the adolescents were not aware about proper dietary pattern and also lack of nutritional knowledge. In Bihar, adolescent girls are suffering from serious heal...
Article
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China has entered a new stage of integrated development of urban and rural areas under the constraints of scarce land resources and the need for high-quality economic and social development. While there is concern about the state and speed of urban–rural integrated development (URID), increasing attention is being paid to efficiency improvement. Th...
Article
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The dynamics created by the process of territorial construction are partly based on the selective and functional incorporation of heritage. However, in rural areas, retrospection presents particular difficulties due to a lack of appropriate information. Τhis research proposes the implementation of a methodology that combines sources, methods, and t...
Article
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Purpose: This present study aims to determine the rural–urban differences in physical fitness and overweight prevalence among children and adolescents from Central South China. Methods: All the original parameters of physical fitness indicators for 216,718 participants aged from 7 to 15 years old were obtained from the website of the Chinese Nation...
Article
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Impact of Micro Credit Financing on Rural Women in Karandeniya Divisional Secretariat Division Guruge. TPGWD1, Rathnapriya. KPPV1, Liyanage. HN1 1University of Colombo. ABSRACT The micro credit financing is considered as a significant tool for socio- economic development of women in developing counties. The rural women have been identified as a...
Article
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To reveal the relationship between agricultural water resource consumption and grain production in the Yellow River Basin, the irrigation water productivity (WPI), crop water productivity (WPC), total inflow water productivity (WPT), and eleven influencing factors were selected. The spatial and temporal distribution characteristics and driving fact...
Article
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This article is about small electoral wars in the Republic of Benin, a State considered as a model of democracy in Subsaharan Africa till the violent electoral era opened in 2019. Has it then become a violent democracy? The answer would be affirmative regarding the unprecedented violence in the post-colonial history of the country that had marked t...
Article
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Transportation justice studies have largely focused on metropolitan areas, and the transportation disparities in rural areas and their most disadvantaged population are not well understood. Our study explored transportation injustices in high environmental risk communities in Vermont. We found that low-income communities and people of color disprop...
Article
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The interlinked insurance and credit contract is an emerging model of agricultural insurance in China. However, the development of interlinked insurance and credit contract and farmers’ demands for it are poorly understood. Based on the wheat farmers on the Loess Plateau in China, a field experiment is employed to obtain dynamic choice data from 41...
Article
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The sleep–wake patterns and nocturnal activity of diurnal birds have been little studied. Here, we analysed, by chance, those behaviours for free-living Eurasian Blue Tits (Cyanistes caeruleus, Linnaeus, 1758) roosting in nest boxes equipped with motion sensor-triggered Internet Protocol (IP) cameras. By monitoring individual birds over six session...
Article
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The purpose of the study was to investigate behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPSD) prevalence, severity, and distress experienced by caregivers of people living with dementia (PLWD). A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted in a rural area in southwestern Uganda. A Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q) was used to de...
Article
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Spain has a serious depopulation problem in large part of its territory and mainly in rural areas, where the population density is even lower than ten inhabitants per km2. An example of this depopulation phenomenon, known as “depopulated Spain”, is the region of Castilla y León. STEAM knowledge areas (Sciences, Technologies, Engineering, Art, and M...
Preprint
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Our study is designed to explore the patterns in covid vaccination coverage in India at the district level. We use data from the first six months of covid vaccination drive in India that we combine with several other administrative data to create a unique data set that facilitates heterogeneity analysis across different vaccination phases and distr...
Article
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Background An emergent intervention to address the opioid epidemic is the use of multidisciplinary outreach teams which connect an individual in the community to healthcare resources after the experience of an opioid overdose. While these interventions are receiving federal funding, less is known empirically to inform future interventions. Understa...
Poster
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This literature review summarizes the benefits of artificial intelligence usage in healthcare by analyzing its accuracy and efficiency whilst also exploring artificial intelligence and deep learning’s impact on increasing patient access to healthcare. By utilizing AI, healthcare professionals can better diagnose and treat patients as AI can quickly...
Article
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Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a public health concern in developing countries especially in China with a high disease burden. We aimed to focus on non-occupational CO poisoning caused by household coal heating secular trends based on registry data in Jinan, China, and we aim to provide further evidence and suggestions for public health policy....
Article
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Adolescents from poor families tend to have low educational aspiration, which has become a new perspective for explaining intergenerational transmission of poverty. Various types of welfare programs have been developed to address poverty as well as its negative outcomes for children. Using national longitudinal survey data from the China Education...
Article
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Transport contributes significantly to our socioeconomic needs. Transport industry has acquired a fundamental place in the global network system by facilitating mobility of persons and goods from one place to another through various modes of transportation. The development of tourism depends on the transport industry. A tourist always thinks of saf...
Article
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Blood Centres in India lack infrastructure to investigate immunohematology problems. Reference Testing Center (RTC) was established in 2014 to investigate Immunohematological problem as it is not possible for small blood centers to go for complete immunohematology work up due to lack of financial and technical resources in remote and rural areas. O...
Article
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It is uncertain whether Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG2), a healthy diet for all, can be achieved in East Africa given its strong population growth, low agricultural yields, and the high perishability of nutrient-dense foods. We examine the consequences of a locally produced healthy diet on land use in a case study of the Arua district in Ugan...
Article
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The current study investigated the trends and factors associated with the unmet need for family planning (FP) for limiting and spacing births among married Tanzanian women between 1999 and 2016. The study used Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS) data for the years 1999 (N = 2653), 2004–2005 (N = 2950), 2010 (N = 6412), and 2015–2016 (N =...
Article
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Background: Minimizing raw salt and increasing fruit consumption are important factors for controlling blood pressure. The study aimed to investigate the following associations: (i) the association between socio-demographic characteristics and awareness of, and attitudes towards, raw salt and fruit consumption and (ii) the association between salt...
Article
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Background: Tobacco is generally a leaf with 1-3% of the alkaloid nicotine Consuming it becomes so dangerous that it is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Tobacco risks include heart attack, gum disease and pre-cancerous mouth lesions etc. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the prevalence of Tobacco dependence and factors tha...
Article
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Background: The low-and middle-income countries, including Nepal, aim to address the financial hardship against healthcare out-of-pocket (OOP) payments through various health financing reforms, for example, risk-pooling arrangements that cover different occupations. World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended member states to establish pooling...
Article
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Background: In India, undernutrition in children mal the age of five is a serious public health issue. Despite India's expanding economy, both urban and rural areas still have significant rates of undernutrition-related child mortality. There are hardly many studies that concentrate on cities. In order to determine the prevalence of undernutrition...
Preprint
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This brief communication interprets three decades' evolution of building cooling demand of urban and rural areas through the lens of five representative cities, i.e., Hong Kong, Sydney, Montreal, Zurich, and London. The upward trend and extremes in building cooling demand, estimated from cooling degree hours (CDH) using meteorological data from 199...
Article
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The unavailability of coarse aggregate for concrete-making is a major factor affecting housing delivery in rural areas of India. This has necessitated research into alternative materials for coarse aggregate in concrete making. This paper presents an experimental investigation on the strength characteristics of concrete produced by coconut shell ag...
Article
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Background: Pregnant women often experience the fatal outcome of their pregnancy both in developed and impoverished countries. Due to strong health systems and services, factual and historical data are available from developed countries. However, the prevalence trend and risk factors of a fatal termination of pregnancy in developing countries like...
Article
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Purpose of review: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C or FGM) are procedures that involve partial or total removal of external female genitalia and other injuries to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Over 4 million girls are at risk of FGM annually. Since urogynecologic and obstetric complications of FGM have been extensivel...
Preprint
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This study analyzes the spatial differences inEU fundsabsorption among Romanian rural municipalities through the 2014-2020 programming period. The absorption capacity for EU funds is measured by the volume of spent EU funds by inhabitant, for each Romanian rural municipality. The results of the analysis highlight the importance of the territorial d...
Article
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The urban and rural areas of the Metropolitan District of Quito (DMQ) have experienced an aggressive urbanization process in the last two decades, which in many cases has changed the most appropriate land use as determined by the local government. This problem is exacerbated by poor land use planning in a city that is growing in an uncontrolled and...
Article
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In this study we explored nurse practitioner-provided medication abortion in Canada and identified barriers and enablers to uptake and implementation. Between 2020–2021, we conducted 43 semi-structured interviews with 20 healthcare stakeholders and 23 nurse practitioners who both provided and did not provide medication abortion. Data were analyzed...
Chapter
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Zusammenfassung Igel gehören zu den beliebtesten und bekanntesten Wildtieren in Europa, allerdings existiert auch sehr viel Unwissen in der breiten Bevölkerung, nicht nur bezüglich der Lebensweise von Igeln, sondern auch bezüglich der lokalen Bestände. So sind die seit Jahrzehnten europaweit stattfindenden und gerade in ländlichen Gebieten ernst zu...
Article
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Background: LGBTQ+ individuals are more likely to face healthcare discrimination and thus delay medical care which contributes to increased mental health and psychosocial distress. Specific to transgender individuals, insurance denials and a paucity of providers that provide trans-specific treatment make it increasingly difficult to access care tha...