Science topic

Rosaceae - Science topic

The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
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Publications related to Rosaceae (10,000)
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Background The use of medicinal plants in curing diseases is an ancient culture still in use in many parts of the world. Many plants have been proven to have precise ethno-pharmacological relevance. On the contrary, many folkloric plants have also been found to possess DNA damaging effects. Hence, assessing the safety profile of medicinal herbs bef...
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To reveal the mechanism of anti-renal fibrosis effects of an n-butanol extract from Amygdalus mongolica, renal fibrosis was induced with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and then treated with an n-butanol extract (BUT) from Amygdalus mongolica (Rosaceae). Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the sham-operated, renal fibros...
Article
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The Malus belongs to the subfamily Pomoideae and the family Rosaceae with a basic chromosome number of 17. The genus Malus has 25 species and several subspecies of so-called Crab apples, many of which are cultivated as ornamental trees for their attractive flowers and fruits. The cultivated apple has been designated as Malus pumila (formerly...
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Resumen: En menos de quince años han estallado dos crisis que han puesto sobre las cuerdas la protección social en España. La crisis financiera de 2008 y la actual crisis sanitaria a raíz de la COVID-19, que ha promovido unas dinámicas exclusógenas con un impacto diferencial en la sociedad incidiendo significativamente en aquellos sectores de pobla...
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En esta entrevista Santiago Liaudat, Julián Bilmes y Andrés Carbel entrevistan a María Mercedes Patrouilleau, investigadora del Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) y asesora de Jefatura de Gabinete de Ministros de Argentina. En su trayectoria académica y profesional se ha especializado en rpospectiva y estudios del futuro y en el a...
Conference Paper
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Аннотация. Хасанов Б.А., Глухова Л.А., Новичкова А.А., Гузалова А.Г. 2016. Изучение бактериального ожога плодовых деревьев из сем. Розоцветных в различных почвенно-климатических условиях Узбекистана. I Международный научно-практический Интернет-конференция «Современное экологическое состояние природной среды и научно-практические аспекты рациональн...
Conference Paper
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Аннотация. Ходжаева С.М., Хасанов Б.А., Гузалова А.Г. 2016. Бактериальный ожог плодовых деревьев, вызываемый бактерией Erwinia amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al., в Узбекистане. Proceedings of the II Int. Scientific and Practical Conference “Scientific and Practical Results in 2015. Prospects for Their Development. Dec 23-24, 2015, Abu-Dhabi, UAE”,...
Article
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Background – Sorbitol is the main translocated carbohydrate in species belonging to Rosaceae. It is thought to be a key molecule for the measurement of sink strength in apple. The quantity of sorbitol in plant tissues depends on the different factors such as species, development and physiological status, and type of tissues. Objective – An analysis...
Article
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Illiberis pruni (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) is a key polyphagous pest of pear, apple and crabapple trees. Protease secreted by insect midgut plays an indispensable role in the absorption and digestion of host plant nutrients. To understand the relationship between protease activity and different host plants, the activity of midgut proteases of I. pru...
Article
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In this work Halloysite nanotubes were used to synthesis a series of modified acrylamide/Quince seeds-based hydrogels (Poly (AAm-co-QS)/Haln). The as-prepared Poly (AAm-co-QS)/Haln hydrogels displayed improved performance as adsorbent in elimination of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The structures of the prepared Poly (AAm-co-QS)/Haln h...
Article
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The significance of edaphic factors in describing forest vegetation patterns is becoming more well acknowledged, with significant implications for the description of biogeographical regions and biome classification, as well as abundance and growth patterns at regional levels. The current study examines the vegetation association in the Zabarwan mou...
Article
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Main conclusion Identification of CalS genes in seven Rosaceae species and functional characterization of PbrCalS5 in pear pollen tube growth by regulating callose deposition. Abstract Callose exists widely in angiosperms and has significant functions in a range of developmental processes. Callose is synthesized by callose synthase (CalS). However...
Book
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Los países de América Latina suelen pasar por bruscos movimientos pendulares en materia política. Los cambios de gobierno se traducen, habitualmente, en quiebres y discontinuidades que afectan las capacidades estatales de planificación y gestión pública. En particular, cuando representantes del neoliberalismo acceden a los poderes ejecutivos. En cu...
Article
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We present a monograph of the high Andean tree genus Polylepis (Rosaceae), based on a species concept considering morphological, climatic and biogeographic distinctness as indicators of evolutionary independence. In total, we recognize 45 species of Polylepis , grouped in five sections. Polylepis sect. Sericeae is represented by 15 species in four...
Article
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In this study, an inorganic–organic composite system was developed through biomineralization of calcium carbonate in the quince-seed mucilage-based hydrogel. Drug-polymer interactions were studied by FTIR, DSC, XRD and SEM analysis. The water absorption capacity was calculated by swelling index. Drug release was determined at various pH. Several in...
Article
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The WRKY transcription factor gene family is known to be involved in plant defense against pathogens and in tolerance to different environmental stresses at different stages of development. The response mechanisms through which these genes act can be influenced by different phytohormones as well as by many trans- and cis-acting elements, making thi...
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Background Today, salinity stress is one of the most important abiotic stresses in the world, because it causes damage to many agricultural products and reduces their yields. Oxidative stress causes tissue damages in plants, which occurs with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) when plants are exposed to environmental stresses such as s...
Article
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In this study, bioinspired fabrication of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) which are widely researched in nanotechnology field with Cotoneaster extract was performed. Cotoneaster plant extract was chosen as a good antioxidant and antibacterial agent in terms of the amount of phenolic and flavonoid compounds it contains. The obtained CuONPs were...
Article
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Prunus armeniaca L. (Rosaceae)-syn. Amygdalus armeniaca (L.) Dumort., Armeniaca armeniaca (L.) Huth, Armeniaca vulgaris Lam is commonly known as the apricot tree. The plant is thought to originate from the northern, north-western, and north-eastern provinces of China, although some data show that it may also come from Korea or Japan. The apricot fr...
Article
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In the American Midwest, grasslands are highly diverse, endangered ecosystems that require conservation and restoration because they face the threat of plant species invasions. Pyrus calleryana (Decne.; Rosaceae) is a particularly problematic invasive tree in these ecosystems and relatively little is known about the factors that dictate its success...
Article
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2022) A comprehensive checklist of the deciduous photinia genus Pourthiaea (Maleae, Rosaceae), with emphasis on their validity and typification. PhytoKeys 202: 1-33. https://doi. Abstract Due to the complicated evolutionary history in Pourthiaea, ninety-seven taxa have been described since 1784, and ninety-one of them are validly published taxa, fi...
Article
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Forests dominated by the genus Polylepis (Rosaceae) are highly threatened due to anthropogenic impacts and climate change. Some species such as Polylepis flavipila are also affected by hemiparasitic plants such as Tristerix chodatianus (Loranthaceae) that induce progressive damage to the host canopy, altering the structure and functioning of the fo...
Article
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COBRA-Like (COBL) genes encode a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchoring protein unique to plants. In current study, 87 COBRA genes were identified in 6 Rosaceae species, including Pyrus bretschneideri (16 genes), Malus domestica (22 genes), Fragaria vesca (13 genes), Prunus mume (11 genes), Rubus occidentalis (13 genes) and Prunus avium (12 g...
Article
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Violet-throated Metaltail Metallura baroni is a threatened hummingbird species, endemic to the Andes of southern Ecuador. Details about the reproductive biology of this species are largely unknown. In this manuscript, we describe the nest, eggs, and nestlings’ development based on nine nests found along with the Cuenca-Molleturo-Naranjal road, in C...
Article
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‘Yunnan’ quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) is used as the dwarfing rootstock for pear (Pyrus spp.). Here, we reported that the sugar contents in mature ‘Zaosu’ pear fruit grafted on ‘Yunan’ quince (Z/Q) were higher than that in ‘Zaosu’ pear fruit grafted on ‘Duli’ (Pyrus betulifolia) (Z/D). To investigate the underlying mechanism, the leaf photosynthe...
Article
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: Research into the suitability of domestic raw materials, including, for example, new wheat cultivars and fruit additives for the production of flavoured beers, is increasingly being undertaken by minibreweries and craft breweries. The fruits of the Saskatoon berry are an important source of bioactive compounds, mainly polyphenols, but also macro-...
Article
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Background Plant species from Rosaceae family are economically important. One of the major environmental factors impacting those species is cold stress. Although several Rosaceae plant genomes have recently been sequenced, there have been very few research conducted on cold upregulated genes and their promoter binding sites. In this study, we used...
Article
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Ya desde mediados del siglo pasado observamos cambios demográficos significativos, con propensión progresiva en cuanto al envejecimiento de la población, la supervivencia se trata de un aspecto presente del tiempo en el que vivimos y de una nueva composición social. Por ello se lleva a cabo una revisión sistemática con el objetivo de analizar los b...
Article
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Batyr A. Khasanov, and Anaida G. Guzalova. 2015. Fire blight of fruit trees caused by Erwinia amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al. in Uzbekistan. Uzbek Biological Journal, 2015, No. 3, pp. 15-21. Fire blight (FB) is a devastating disease of fruit trees caused by Erwinia amylovora. It has been first identified in Uzbekistan on apple tree in the city...
Article
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The florivorous apple blossom weevil, Anthonomus pomorum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is the most economically relevant insect pest of European apple orchards in early spring. Neither efficient monitoring nor ecologically sustainable management of this insect pest has yet been implemented. To identify heritable traits of apple trees that might infl...
Article
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In contrast to most land plant species, sorbitol, instead of sucrose, is the major photosynthetic product in many Rosaceae species. It has been well illustrated that three key functional genes encoding sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (S6PDH), sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), and sorbitol transporter (SOT), are mainly responsible for the synthesis,...
Article
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Fruit and fruit juices are a valuable source of bioactive compounds, which can protect our organisms from oxidative stress. The phenolic compounds and other phytochemicals may affect the antimicrobial properties of juices. The aim of this study has been to evaluate antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of selected berry juices and vitamin C-rich...
Article
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Forests host important plant biodiversity. Nevertheless, due to climate change and human disturbances, the floristic quality of forest ecosystems is degraded. Greek peri-urban forests biodiversity is threatened by anthropogenic activities such as forest fragmentation, pollution, garbage, etc. Measurement of biodiversity status and the floristic qua...
Article
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Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) is a non-climacteric fruit in the rosaceae family. It contains a high amount of antioxidant and is high in Vitamin C and fibres. Strawberry crop require more labour and highly capital-intensive crop. The total area under strawberry farming in Jammu and Kashmir is roughly 152 hectares with a production of 425 mt (anony...
Article
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Two main sources of fibers and bioactive compounds represented by pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima L.) and quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) were selected for the present study. The current changes in consumers behavior oblige manufacturers to develop new assortments of ready-to-eat products, considering their nutritional characteristics. Hence, this study a...
Research
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ÖZET Potentilla indica (Jacks.) Th.Wolf, Doğu ve Güney Asya kökenli bir bitki olup, bir çok ülkeye yayılmış durumdadır. Orta Avrupa ülkelerinde 19. yüzyılın başlarından itibaren süs bitkisi olarak kullanılması sonucu popülasyonu hızla artarak doğal ekosistemlerde istilacı tür durumuna gelmiştir. Türkiye Florası incelendiğinde bu türün Doğu Karaden...
Preprint
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Sugar-alcohols are major photosynthates in plants from the Rosaceae family. Expression of the gene encoding aldose-6-phosphate reductase (Ald6PRase), the critical enzyme for glucitol synthesis in rosaceous species, is regulated by physiological and environmental cues. Additionally, Ald6PRase is inhibited by small molecules (hexose-phosphates and in...
Article
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RESUMEN: El relato del “Miracle de l’esbarzer” del Pou del Pare Pere, cuenta como este franciscano hizo desaparecer las espinas de una zarza que crecía alrededor del Pozo de Jesús Pobre (Xàbia, Alicante, España) al cual fue a coger agua y en la que se pinchó. Esta zarza inerme es desde entonces conocida y apreciada en esta localidad, así como en...
Article
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Aruncus aethusifolius (H. Lév.) Nakai is an endemic species in Korea and is economically important as an ornamental herb. The complete chloroplast genome of A. aethusifolius is 157,217 bp long with four subregions consisting of 85,207 bp of large single-copy and 19,222 bp of small single-copy regions separated by 26,394 bp of inverted repeat region...
Article
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The Southeastern United States is facing agriculture crises, such as the ongoing epidemic of citrus greening disease that has forced the region to begin looking into alternative crops. Some of these belong to the Rosaceae genus Prunus, which encompasses many economically important species such as peaches, almonds, cherries, plums, and more. Peach p...
Article
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Rubus rosifolius belongs to the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae and is widely distributed globally. It has white flowers and red fruits. Moreover, it has medicinal value for diseases of the stomach and other areas. However, the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of R. rosifolius remains unclear. In the present study, we sequenced the complete cp g...
Article
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Exochorda serratifolia (pearlbush) is a rosid shrub found in northeast Asia, including the Korean peninsula. This ornamental plant has white inflorescences and strong insect resistance; however, its genetic diversity is poorly understood and a complete plastid genome is unavailable. Here, we determined the complete chloroplast genome of E. serratif...
Article
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Rubus quinquefoliolatus T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu is a climbing shrub belonging to the Rosaceae family. It is widely distributed in the provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou in China. In this study, we sequenced the first complete chloroplast genome (cpDNA) sequence of R. quinquefoliolatus. The results showed a genome length of 156,489 bp, which is composed of a l...
Article
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The history of fruit-tree utilization by prehistoric people has become an important issue that has attracted increasing attention in recent years. However, the question of how people used fruit trees has not yet been answered; in particular, the impacts of different subsistence strategies on human behavior regarding fruit-tree utilization (wild gat...
Article
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DICER-likes (DCLs) proteins are the core component for non-coding RNA (ncRNA) biogenesis, playing essential roles in some biological processes. The DCL family has been characterized in model plants, such as Arabidopsis, rice, and poplar. However, the evolutionary aspect and the expression mechanism under drought stress were scarce and have never be...
Article
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The hawthorns (Crataegus spp.) are widely distributed and famous for their edible and medicinal values. There are ∼18 species and seven varieties of hawthorn in China distributed throughout the country. We now report the chloroplast genome sequences from C. scabrifolia, C. chungtienensis and C. oresbia, from the southwest of China and compare them...
Article
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The gibberellin-dioxygenase (GAox) gene family plays a crucial role in regulating plant growth and development. GAoxs, which are encoded by many gene subfamilies, are extremely critical in regulating bioactive GA levels by catalyzing the subsequent stages in the biosynthesis process. Moreover, GAoxs are important enzymes in the GA synthesis pathway...
Article
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The domesticated apple (Malus × domestic a Borkh.) is the main fruit crop of temperate regions of the world. The genetic improvement of apple can be done through various techniques including introduction, selection, hybridization, mutation and molecular techniques (genomics). Genetic improvement of fruit quality includes external fruit appearanc...
Article
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Alchemilla viridiflora Rothm., Rosaceae is a herbaceous plant widespread in central Greece, Bulgaria, North Macedonia and Serbia with Kosovo. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis leads to the identification of 20 compounds in methanol extract, mainly ellagitannins and flavonoid glycosides. Given that various plant extracts have traditio...
Article
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Plants of the genus Spiraea L. are widespread in Eurasia and North America. They are used in conventional medicine to treat various diseases including colds and such symptoms as a cough, inflammation, and fever. S. hypericifolia L., S. media Schmidt., and S. salicifolia L. are common Spiraea species in nature. The aim of the study was to assess the...
Article
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Cydonia oblonga miller (quince) plant serves as a potential folk medicine for treating hypertension and cardiovascular diseases in China. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study has been conducted on the polyphenolic profile and anti-adipogenic effect of quince fruit grown in China. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the quince f...
Article
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Indigenous peoples’ legacies of plant cultivation and management can have profound effects on contemporary forest structure and species composition long after cultivation has ceased. Despite rich ethnographic accounts of practices like orcharding and fruit tree management in the Pacific Northwest, archaeological and ecological research documenting...
Article
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Smallholder farms that transition to organic and biodiverse production are increasingly recognized as strongholds of agrobiodiversity, with emerging work identifying important outcomes such as enhancing crop portfolios, mitigating extreme climate events and contributing to farmer well‐being. Yet the emergent herbaceous communities in these organic...
Article
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Background: In Ethiopian traditional medicine, the leaves of H. abyssinica (Rosaceae) have been used to treat diabetes mellitus. However, the anti-diabetic efficacy of H. abyssinica leaves crude extract has not been properly examined. The goal of this study was to see if the crude extract of H. abyssinica on might prevent diabetes in normoglycemic,...
Article
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Fire blight, incited by the pathogen Erwinia amylovora, is the most economically important bacterial disease of apple, as well as of some other members of the Rosaceae family. The common method of controlling fire blight is with the use of repeated applications of antibiotics, most commonly streptomycin, beginning at early bloom. However, these app...
Article
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The analysis of target enrichment data in phylogenetics lacks optimization toward using paralogs for phylogenetic reconstruction. We developed a novel approach of detecting paralogs and utilizing them for phylogenetic tree inference, by retrieving both ortho‐ and paralogous copies and creating orthologous alignments, from which the gene trees are b...
Article
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The loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is a fruit tree belonging to the Rosaceae family. Loquat fruit extracts from three cultivars (Tanaka, Mogi, and Jinwang) were prepared using absolute methanol and homogenization and ultrasound sonication procedures. We measured the total phenolic and flavonoid content of the fruit extracts and their antioxidant capa...
Article
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Introducción E ste artículo sigue el singular trayecto de un grupo de jóvenes durante la década del 60. A sus quince años, atraídos de diferentes lugares de Argentina, cambiaron sus vidas al encontrarse en las aulas del Instituto Técnico IKA, colegio secundario creado El artículo estudia la trayectoria de un grupo de jóvenes que pasaron por las aul...
Article
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Four Sorbus taxa endemic to China, S. arguta , S. guanxianensis , S. megalocarpa var. megalocarpa and S. megalocarpa var. cuneata, are morphologically similar to one another in having large brown fruits with persistent calyx and dense lenticels. In literature, either all of the four taxa were accepted, or two of them, S. arguta and S. megalocarpa v...