Questions related to Roman Archaeology
Have you ever encountered, during your studies, this kind of bronze crucible/melting-pot?
We found it during excavations in the northern part of Poland, on the site connected with Roman Iron Age period. We're supposing it's a crucible, because in its corner we found some kind of melted metal alloy (we're examinating it now), probably it could be lead, tin or silver. We're searching for analogies to this melting-pot in Poland but we haven't been able to find anything similar so far.
So if you have ever encountered a similar crucible, please let me know. We will be grateful for any help in this case!
I am looking for comparisons for slate styli. At present I only know of two such objects, one from a reliable context from Bath, found in the fill of a beam slot dated to AD 80-90. Its 35 mm-long shaft with a diameter of 4.4–5.4 mm has seven unequal facets and tapers slightly before the used tip.
The other one comes from a Roman villa site in Swindon, but unfortunately it was unstratified, and the site also has a small medieval element.
Does anyone know of such objects? They could be used to write on slate tablets, but are they really writing implements?
I'm interested in literature about nailed horse shoes (not hipposandals) from well documented Roman contexts.
The existence of nailed horseshoes has been denied recently by
Simone Martini, Mittelalterliche und neuzeitliche Hufeisen im Rheinischen Landesmuseum Trier. Funde und Ausgrabungen im Bezirk Trier 42, 2010, 70-90.
Insa Lingens, Die Entwicklung der Hufpflege und des Hufbeschlags von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hufbeschlags bei der Hufrehe (PhD thesis, Berlin 2008).
there is no clear evidence for nailed horseshoes from Roman times.
Currently I'm working on artefacts excavated the 60ies near Obermendig (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany) in a late Roman granary (horreum) presumably fortified as a burgus. 99% of these finds date to the 4th and 5th centuries AD, but there are some few late medieval objects from the site. There are two horseshoes among the finds. May they be Roman? Any advice would be welcome.
PS: Please find drawings of the horseshoes attached.
do you know where fingerrings like this one found in the destruction layer (ca. 260/270 AD) of a Roman villa ("Im Winkel") near Mendig (Rhineland-Palatinate) were produced? The ring has an inner diameter of 15 mm and has a height of 7,5 - 6 mm. I know only of two specimens published by Friedrich Henkel, Die römischen Fingerringe der Rheinlande und der benachbarten Gebiete (Berlin : G. Riemer, 1913), No. 1728 (found in a Roman grave at Hastenrath) and No. 1729 (found on the Martberg). If you know of further references, I would be grateful.
I'm looking for a dictionary especially for terms of provincial Roman archaeology in English, French and German. Some dictionaries available online like
are helpful. But for terms like Aschenkiste or Streifenhaus I find no entries. I would be gratful for any suggestions.
The provenience of this "artifact" is completely unknown. However it's owner (an aspiring anthropology student) has asked for my assistance in helping him identify it.
I have no particular expertise in numismatics (certainly none in the ancient coinage of the Orient or the Levant from where the symbology may originate) and defer this question to experts who are doubtlessly here, who may view this question.
My guesses, so far, are that the main elements on the obverse (the "gamboling" young bullock, the 7 circles which MAY possibly be interpreted as "eyes," and the upthrust phallus-shaped tail of the bullock) may all be symbols alluding to the Canaanite god Baal (as in the one referred to in the Bible as a "golden calf"). If this was a genuine ancient bronze "hammered" coin, it is amazingly [almost unbelievably so] "centered" [so it appears most likely cast]. It has had a suspension-loop attached (soldered on) at a later date (perhaps by a modern jeweler), which may also account for the tooling marks seen on a small portion of the edge (that at first glance appear possibly to be the machined "reeding" of modern coins, but since it is not continuous, may also be simply the marks made by the jaws of a vice that gripped the item securely whilst the loop was attached)?
In any case, the verso is not as well-preserved, but appears to have some type of inscription [or perhaps eight ideograms arranged around the central yin-yang like element] that I do not recognize. Do you recognize this as script or ideograms that project specific meanings?
In your opinion, is this pendant a genuine ancient amulet, or is it a modern production?
I'm looking for information about the maximum hight, up to which cereals could be stored in roman horrea, or in medieval or early modern granaries. Lars Blöck mentioned a value of 0,9 m (Blöck 2013, 86). Alain Ferdière (2015, 39) cites a value of 0,3 m. Has anyone alternative figures? I'm especially interested in dehusked spelt.
Lars Blöck, Die Erweiterung der Getreidespeicherkapazitäten der Axialhofvilla Heitersheim in ihrer 4. Bauperiode – Binnenkolonisation oder Konzentrationsprozesse im ländlichen Raum im ausgehenden 2. Jahrhundert n. Chr.? Ein Modell zur Berechnung von Getreideanbauflächen anhand der Speicherkapazität römischer horrea. Alemannisches Jahrbuch 59/60, 2011/2012 (2013) 81–111.
Alain Ferdière, Essai de typologie des greniers ruraux de Gaule du Nord, Revue archéologique du Centre de la France [En ligne], Tome 54, 2015.
I'm looking for detailed descriptions of the horrea of Pompeii. I hope to find evidence for the partitioning of this buildings, information which goods were stored, how they were stored, and which quantities were stored. I would be also grateful for references about horrea outside Pompeii which provide information about their use.
Books and articles on types of Roman coins dated to the late Republican period and the Principate.
I am particularly interested in different types of fire strikers and their archaeoligical evidence. On the other hand I wonder from where ancient romans and greeks got their flint items to light the fire. Was their an import from the baltic regions or from the british coast?
Can me anyone tell the function of this late Roman iron object and give me references? It is now 14,2 cm long. Originally it had very probably the form of a parable, 8 mm thick in the middle, with two holes (12 mm x 3 mm) near the middle, and to wings which thin out. Please see a drawing below.
It was excavated in the 60ies in the burgus of Obermendig ,Im Winkel, a late Roman granary (horreum) / which was also inhabited and served as a fortification as it is indicated by its topographical position, construction, militaria and indications of a defensive wall. This building is located on a small hill close to the Mayen-Kottenheim millstone quarries. It was used from the first half of the 4th century to the first third of the 5th century.
Normally I should find a similar example in:
Nina Crummy, The Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester 1971-9. With contributions from D. G. Buckley / P. Crummy / E. Fowler / P. Galloway / St. Greep / M. Hassall / M. Henig / H. Major / G. Webster / J. P. Wild and illustrations by R. H. Moyes / T. W. Cook. Colchester Arch. Report 2 (Colchester 21995, 11983).
Bärtbel Hanemann, Die Eisenhortfunde der Pfalz aus dem 4. Jahrhundert nach Christus. Forschungen zur Pfälzischen Archäologie 5 (Speyer 2014).
Ernst Künzl, Die Alamannenbeute aus dem Rhein bei Neupotz. Monographien RGZM 34, 1 (Mainz 1993).
But with this object I had no luck and any advice would be welcome.
At two sites in Roman Britain, I have noticed bowls and a dish in 'samian ware' [terra sigillata] pierced, post cocturam, with occasional holes: the holes are too large to be the standard, small rivet-holes which were commonly used to repair pots with metal-work here.
The holes in question are of diameter c 8 mm and were pierced through the lower wall or base, above the footring of the vessel. Just 'flying kites' here, but... Were these vessels pierced for hanging up by a cord, or some ritual or culinary purpose? One hole shows smoothing or rubbing of the hole: it seems more likely that the hole was smoothed to stop the cord from snagging on a rough edge, than that the cord's rubbing caused the hole to be smoothed. Or was it smoothed for pouring?
So far, the only two sites at which I have noted these large holes are amphitheatres. This may be fortuitous, as such holes may have been described in excavation reports as repair-work. However, amphitheatres had external stalls and booths, portable ovens, etc. So far, the only Roman depictions found of pots hanging up are a few sculptures which show wine-sellers with flagons hanging up, but hung by the handle. I have found references in classical literature which may be relevant, but more would be appreciated.
Without more evidence, it will be impossible to give a firm answer to the question of their function, but any further ideas would be welcome!
Does anyone know publications, articles of this topic?
I would like to get information about finds, artifacts in Britain who has got close connection, parallel with Sarmatian finds from the Carpathian Basin. Burial customs etc.
I'm working on pottery ['samian ware' or terra sigillata] from a Roman amphitheatre, amongst which the epigraphist has suggested one incised base as possibly representing an improvised abacus, if not an ersatz gaming board.
Pliny and Martial refer to ‘counters and a board’ (calculos tabulamque).
Does anyone know of any abacus, ersatz or otherwise, found at a Roman arena?
At an amphitheatre, an abacus might be used for ticket collecting, adding up scores, etc. Are there references [ancient or modern] to betting at amphitheatres or in the circus?
Measurements and further details are given on page 2 of the comments below. Any further comments on measurements, etc, will be gratefully received! Its precise function, whether calculating table or gaming board, is uncertain without more convincing evidence.
We’re conducting a project on documenting the wear on a stamp used for countermarking roman coins during the reign of Augustus. The aim is to try and establish an overview of the movements of the Roman Legions XVII, XVIIII and XIX and their commander Quinctilius Varus in 9 AD, before being annihilated in the Battle of the Teutoburger Wald. Does anybody know about the application of high-resolution 3D-Scanning, preferably structured light, on the documentation of coins from any period? For more information (sorry, at the moment in German only) see here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCcYZ1HPFYFW6WLzJecicVDQ and here: http://archaeologie.sachsen.de/5155.htm
Following a multitude of discoveries at a Late Iron Age/ Early Roman site in England of Infant Remains (Burials and Cremations), I am investigating the occurrence of just such a trend at similar sites.
This Latin inscription comes from the base of a statue erected in Antioch in Pisidia by the citizens of Alexandria in Egypt. I don't expect that the statue will have survived, but would be interested to know if it had.
And I don't if the statue base with the inscription is still in situ, or is now in a museum. I have a full copy of the text but it would be helpful to see an image of the actual inscription.
CIL 03, 06809 = D 02696; EDCS-28400836
Province: Galatia Place: Yalvac / Antiochia Pisidiae
http://db.edcs.eu/epigr/epi_en.php (Then search by entering Galatia as the Province, and Domiti Ahenobar in Search Text 1 if you are interested. A direct link to the inscription cannot be given due to the structure of the site.)
I am looking for images of Sol or Helios that are not in the LIMC or my catalogue, and that can be associated with a firm date of production (e.g. dedicatory inscription) or deposition (dated stratigraphy). In other words, depictions for which a terminus ad or ante quem can be established on purely independent grounds, without recourse to iconography or style. For my catalogue see: http://dissertations.ub.rug.nl/faculties/arts/2009/s.e.hijmans/vol1/
click on "hoofdstuk 4"; the chapter itself is in English.
I'm currently doing my PhD research on sites in Greece and in Petra with ceramic roof tiles as my main material. Tracking down published examples of Roman period tiles in the eastern provinces is extremely difficult, since they are so sporadically published. Can you please let me know if you know of any published examples? Late Hellenistic or Late Roman/Early Byzantine examples will also be of interest. Thank you!
I am working with mural paintings from Roman epoch in Germany. I want to know more about the history, how Romans arrive in Germany, how they move in Germany, etc., but I don't know German, so it is being a little hard to find these information. I can read in English, Portuguese, Italian or Spanish.
As one of my methods for the masters I would like to know other people's opinions on the use of ICP within archaeology, especially plasters, mortars, and stucco's.