Science topic

Retention - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Retention, and find Retention experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Retention (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies the failure process of composite membranes used in water desalination. The study is carried out within the framework of the fiber bundle model. Temperature, fluid pressure, and accu�mulation of the retained fluid are remarkable parameters damaging these membranes. However, the filtered particles are deposited on the membrane with...
Article
Full-text available
Confronting the rapid structural changes in the education brought by the implementation of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 and Universal Access to Quality Tertiary Education Act in selected SUCs, private colleges are in stiff competition with public universities in terms of retaining qualified teachers. The teacher shortage is real, signif...
Article
Full-text available
A model-based framework is presented to predict monoclonal antibody (mAb) pharmacokinetics (PK) in humans based on in vitro measures of antibody physiochemical properties. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model is used to explore the predictive potential of 14 in vitro assays designed to measure various antibody physiochemical propert...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial fuel cells, MFCs are finding populace in small-electrical appliances for electricity generation and wastewater purification. However, the dynamics of impedance applied and its consequent Ohmic behavior has not been fully investigated on performance of MFCs. This study purposed to investigate how increasing impedance affects key cell param...
Article
Full-text available
According to China’s national standard, the design of flood retention areas should cover fourhydrological situations associated with 10–100-year return period events, and their capacitiesshould be kept operational for at least 30 years after completion. The Huai River basin is one ofthe large river basins in China, with an area of 270,000 km2 and 3...
Chapter
Full-text available
Seepage in the vadose zone greatly depends on the hydraulic properties of the soil. Their experimental determination often requires specific equipment and time-consuming procedures; furthermore, in many applications, such as river embankments, the spatial variability of these properties turns out to be particularly significant. Although the use of...
Article
Full-text available
Background The underlying etiologies of erectile dysfunction may be manifold. Among them, vasculogenic etiologies are of increasing relevance and are not strictly limited to the elderly population. According to recent study, venogenic erectile dysfunction appears to be even more relevant than arteriogenic erectile dysfunction. Venogenic erectile dy...
Article
Full-text available
An integrated device capable of generating large number of multiplexed optical vortex beams with arbitrary topological charge is considered as one of the crucial requirement for driving information photonics forward. Here we report a simple method for simultaneous generation of 100 multiplexed optical vortex beams from a polymer film of size 1 mm ²...
Article
Full-text available
Two-dimensional (2D) MXenes are promising as electrode materials for energy storage, owing to their high electronic conductivity and low diffusion barrier. Unfortunately, similar to most 2D materials, MXene nanosheets easily restack during the electrode preparation, which degrades the electrochemical performance of MXene-based materials. A novel sy...
Article
Full-text available
Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) can be one of the most promising electrochemical energy storage devices for being non-flammable, low-cost, and sustainable. However, the challenges of AZIBs, including dendrite growth, hydrogen evolution, corrosion, and passivation of zinc anode during charging and discharging processes, must be overcome to achiev...
Article
Full-text available
Background Against the background of a changing climate, the responses of functional traits of plateau wetland plants to increasing temperatures and CO 2 concentrations need to be understood. Hydraulic traits are the key for plants to maintain their ecological functions and affect their growth and survival. However, few studies have comprehensively...
Article
Full-text available
Highlights High-performance Zn||I 2 batteries were established by coating zeolite protecting layers. The Zn ²⁺ -conductive layer suppresses I 3 ⁻ shuttling, Zn corrosion/dendrite growth. The Zeolite-Zn||I 2 batteries achieve long lifespan (91.92% capacity retention after 5600 cycles), high coulombic efficiencies (99.76% in average) and large capaci...
Article
Full-text available
Background Noise exposure leads to a reduction in cognitive abilities in diverse settings, however, only limited data exist examining the effects of environmental ICU noise on the cognitive performance of ICU professionals. A frequently occurring and demanding retention task in ICUs are ward rounds, which are considered key for the provision of med...
Article
Full-text available
With an increasing demand for artificial intelligence, the emulation of the human brain in neuromorphic computing has led to an extraordinary result in not only simulating synaptic dynamics but also reducing complex circuitry systems and algorithms. In this work, an artificial electronic synaptic device based on a synthesized MoS 2 memristor array...
Article
Full-text available
MgH 2 has attracted intensive interests as one of the most promising hydrogen storage materials. Nevertheless, the high desorption temperature, sluggish kinetics, and rapid capacity decay hamper its commercial application. Herein, 2D TiO 2 nanosheets with abundant oxygen vacancies are used to fabricate a flower-like MgH 2 /TiO 2 heterostructure wit...
Article
Full-text available
With the emergence of wearable electronics, flexible energy storage materials have been extensively studied in recent years. However, most studies focus on improving the electrochemical properties, ignoring the flexible mechanism and structure design for flexible electrode materials with high rate capacities and long-time stability. In this study,...
Article
Full-text available
Iron hexacyanoferrate (FeHCF) is a promising cathode material for sodium-ion batteries. However, FeHCF always suffers from a poor cycling stability, which is closely related to the abundant vacancy defects in its framework. Herein, post-synthetic and in-situ vacancy repairing strategies are proposed for the synthesis of high-quality FeHCF in a high...
Article
Full-text available
Three-terminal (3-T) thyristor random-access memory is explored for a next-generation high-density nanoscale vertical cross-point array. The effects of standby voltages on the device are thoroughly investigated in terms of gate–cathode voltage ( V GC,ST ) and anode–cathode voltage ( V AC,ST ) in the standby state for superior data retention charact...
Article
Full-text available
Digital approaches are increasingly common in clinical trial recruitment, retention, analysis, and dissemination. Community engagement processes have contributed to the successful implementation of clinical trials and are crucial in enhancing equity in trials. However, few studies focus on how digital approaches can be implemented to enhance commun...
Article
Full-text available
Background Subcutaneously retained needle fragments in people who inject drugs (PWIDs) are a possible cause of local symptoms, most commonly pain and infections. It remains unknown how common retained needle fragments are among PWIDs. Case presentation A young PWID consulted a primary care physician due to chronic left-sided groin pain. The patien...
Article
Full-text available
Although sodium ion capacitors (SICs) are considered as one of the most promising electrochemical energy storage devices (organic electrolyte batteries, aqueous batteries and supercapacitor, etc.) due to the combined merits of battery and capacitor, the slow reaction kinetics and low specific capacity of anode materials are the main challenges. Poi...
Article
Full-text available
The energy density of commercial lithium (Li) ion batteries with graphite anode is reaching the limit. It is believed that directly utilizing Li metal as anode without a host could enhance the battery’s energy density to the maximum extent. However, the poor reversibility and infinite volume change of Li metal hinder the realistic implementation of...
Article
Full-text available
Long-lived interlayer excitons (IXs) in van der Waals heterostructures (HSs) stacked by monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) carry valley-polarized information and thus could find promising applications in valleytronic devices. Current manipulation approaches for valley polarization of IXs are mainly limited in electrical field/doping,...
Article
Full-text available
Grain size is subtly regulated by multiple signaling pathways in rice. Alternative splicing is a general mechanism that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. However, to our knowledge, the molecular mechanism underlying grain size regulation by alternative splicing is largely unknown. GS3, the first identified QTL for grain s...
Article
Full-text available
Background Liver transplantation (LT) helped to save the life of end stage liver disease (ESLD) patients; however, there is a debate on the persistence of cognitive impairment. The study aimed to evaluate cognitive functions in patients with ESLD before and after liver transplantation and to assess its relation to hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Thirt...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical trial managers play a vital role in the design and conduct of clinical trials in the UK. There is a current recruitment and retention crisis for this specialist role due to a complex set of factors, most likely to have come to a head due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Academic clinical trial units and departments are struggling to recruit trial...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate whether the degree of patellar cartilage loss confirmed during index surgery affects the clinical and radiologic outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed without patellar resurfacing. Methods We prospectively divided 2012 patients with a minimum follow-up of 12 months into two groups acco...
Article
Full-text available
Due to their outstanding power density, long cycle life and low cost, supercapacitors have gained much interest. As for supercapacitor electrodes, molybdenum nitrides show promising potential. Molybdenum nitrides, however, are mainly prepared as nanopowders via a chemical route and require binders for the manufacture of electrodes. Such electrodes...
Article
Full-text available
Sodium-ion batteries stand a chance of enabling fast charging ability and long lifespan while operating at low temperature (low-T). However, sluggish kinetics and aggravated dendrites present two major challenges for anodes to achieve the goal at low-T. Herein, we propose an interlayer confined strategy for tailoring nitrogen terminals on Ti 3 C 2...
Article
Full-text available
Carl Bergmann was an astute naturalist and physiologist. His ideas about animal size and shape were important advances in the pre-Darwinian nineteenth century. Bergmann’s rule claims that that in cold climates, large body mass increases the ratio of volume-to-surface area and provides for maximum metabolic heat retention in mammals and birds. Conve...
Article
Full-text available
Self-discharge has attracted extensive attention as one of the main reasons limiting the wider application of supercapacitors. Current strategies for suppressing self-discharge are mainly focused on modifying the properties of each component. However, the effectiveness is limited by the lack of consideration for device configuration to maximize the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Medication treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) (MOUD; buprenorphine and methadone) reduces opioid use and overdose. Discontinuation of MOUD can quickly lead to relapse, overdose and death. Few persons who initiate MOUD are retained on treatment, thus it is critical to identify factors associated with retention. Methods Evaluated dat...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Megaprostheses are increasingly utilised outside of the oncological setting, and remain at significant risk of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Debridement, antibiotic, and implant retention (DAIR) is an established treatment for PJI, however its use in non-oncological patients with femoral megaprostheses has not been widely reported....
Article
Full-text available
While the demand for open and distance education is increasing, it also faces high dropout rates. The reasons and solutions for student dropouts need considerable attention. This study aims to uncover the reasons for student dropouts considering the perspective of students, field experts, instructors, administrators, and support staff. Data from se...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Participants' study satisfaction is important for both compliance with study protocols and retention, but research on parent study satisfaction is rare. This study sought to identify factors associated with parent study satisfaction in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study, a longitudinal, multinational...
Article
Full-text available
Self-handicapping strategies refer to the set of choices and attitudes adopted to minimize blame for failure and increase the value of success in achievement situations. This paper aims to describe the stages of construction and the psychometric analysis of a scale to measure the self-handicapping strategies of university students. In study 1, the...
Article
Full-text available
Customer retention and finding a way to preserve the customers are the most important issues of any organization. The main purpose of the present study in machine learning is to focus on correctly identifying customer needs with a method based on extracting opinion and sentiment analysis and quantifying customers’ sentiment orientation. In other wo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Microplastic pollution has become a serious global environmental threat. The abundance of microplastics in the air is an order of magnitude higher than that in other media, which means that all living animals breathing with lungs (including humans) cannot escape the fate of inhaling microplastics. However, there is no direct evidence to...
Article
Full-text available
Expansive soils swell when they absorb water and shrink by losing water. This process causes significant volume changes in highly expansive clay soils. Clay soil foundations have caused problems for various civil engineering projects, including pavements, railroads, embankments, and foundations worldwide. Besides, the accumulation of huge amounts o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Simulation-based training used to train healthcare teams’ skills and improve clinical practice has evolved in recent decades. While it is evident that technical skills training is beneficial, the potential of human factor training has not been described to the same extent. Research on human factor training has been limited to marginal an...
Article
Full-text available
Herein, nanostructured Co3O4, MoO3, and Co3O4/MoO3 composite electrodes were prepared via hydrothermal synthesis and investigated for supercapacitive properties. The Co3O4/MoO3 composite electrode with equal weight ratio (named C5M5) showed the highest electrochemical properties compared to other electrodes. Air-plasma treatment further enhanced el...
Article
Full-text available
We present a Compound Poisson Mixture Regression model of the joint distribution of transaction frequency and monetary value, and apply it to study alumni donations at a university in the USA. The model captures covariate effects, recognizing that both response variables emanate from one statistical unit — a donor. Heterogeneity, group-level factor...
Article
Full-text available
Biochar application is not only being widely promoted as an ideal strategy to mitigate global climate warming, but it also has the advantage of reducing heavy metal bioavailability and migration in the soil. However, studies on the effects of field aging on biochar to reduce heavy metals from the soil are still limited. The present study aimed to e...
Article
Full-text available
The growing demand for efficient lithium-ion batteries to power vehicles and energy storage entails improving cathode material properties. Maintaining the stability of Ni-rich layered structure oxide cathodes is critical for long-term Li-ion battery operation. In this work, a series of LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (NMC622) cathode materials doped with selec...
Article
Full-text available
Enhanced aerosol transportation is required in numerous industrial applications. Typically, bubble columns are used for achieving mass transfer. However, limited studies have been conducted on the aerosol mass retention capability of single bubbles in bubble columns. This study focused on aerosol transportation resulting from the flow field inside...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined personality antecedents of idea generation when pursuing either benevolent or malevolent goals. Specifically, 308 participants completed two Divergent Thinking tests. A malevolent divergent thinking test (MDT) in which participants generated ideas to inflict revenge and a benevolent divergent thinking test (BDT) in which partici...
Preprint
Full-text available
Embedded Artificial Intelligence (EAI) – Devices, Systems, and Industrial Applications, European Solid-state Devices and Circuits Conference 2022
Article
Full-text available
The design of high-performance and low-cost catalysts for mild electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) is particularly desirable and remains greatly challenging due to the unfavorably low ammonia yield rate and Faradaic efficiency (FE), which comes from the difficulty in making nitrogen activation superior to competitive hydrogen evoluti...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study is to understand the role of insurance company reputation, performance, and positive/negative affect on health insurance policy customer retention and the moderating influence of customer inertia. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Covariance-based structural equation modeling was employed to assess the hy...
Article
Full-text available
Sr2CoSbO6, a double perovskite compound known to have oxide ion vacancies, is not well explored for its electrical properties. In the present article, we study the effect of the aliovalent doping of Na⁺ at Sr site in Sr2CoSbO6 on their electrochemical performance. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) techniques confirm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper explores the utilization of gamification and game design techniques on introductory architectural education using an educational framework to evaluate the efficacy and impact of utilizing said principles. Architecture courses aim to teach new students technical skills and comprehension of more abstract concepts such as aesthetic, perspect...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes and investigates the immersion principle in multimedia learning. A sample of 102 middle school students took a virtual field trip to Greenland via a head mounted display (HMD) or a 2D video as an introductory lesson within a 6-lesson inquiry-based climate change intervention. The HMD group scored significantly higher than the v...
Article
Full-text available
An investigation of the cycling stability of anode-free batteries (AFBs) using dilute dual-salt electrolytes is conducted in a mixture of ether and carbonate solvents. Using the AFB configuration, various compositions of the dual-salt electrolyte were optimized and it was found that 0.9M-LiTFSI+0.3M-LiDFOB in FEC/TTE (2:3, v/v) is the best. An in-d...
Article
Full-text available
After being taught how to perform a new mathematical operation, students are often given several practice problems in a single set, such as a homework assignment or quiz (i.e., massed practice). An alternative approach is to distribute problems across multiple homeworks or quizzes, increasing the temporal interval between practice (i.e., spaced pra...
Article
Full-text available
The Abraham linear free energy relationship model has been used to characterize a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) silica column with acetonitrile/water and methanol/water mobile phases. Analysis by the model for acetonitrile/water mobile phases points to solute volume and hydrogen bond basicity as the main properties affecting...
Article
Full-text available
Female sex workers (FSWs) are among the key populations (KP) prioritized for comprehensive HIV programming in Kenya. Retention in the program is critical for prevention of HIV acquisition and transmission among FSWs and their sexual partners. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of data collected from FSWs enrolled between October 2016 and...