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Restoration - Science topic

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Publications related to Restoration (10,000)
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Research Proposal
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Dear Colleagues, High-quality images/videos are critical for various practical applications, such as remote sensing, medical imaging, and intelligent monitoring. However, the images/videos captured in real scenarios may suffer from noise, blur, compression artifacts, etc., degrading visual quality and decreasing the accuracy of content analysis (e...
Article
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Rank minimization methods have achieved promising performance in various image processing tasks. However, there are still two challenging problems in the existing works. One is that most of the current methods only regularize singular values by using a single -norm, such as the well-known nuclear norm minimization (NNM) and the weighted nuclear nor...
Article
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Voltage drop during the fault can be effected on the performance of generation units such as wind turbines. The ability to ride through the fault is important for these generation units. Superconducting fault current limiter and superconducting magnetic energy storage can improve the fault ride through due to fault current limiting and voltage rest...
Article
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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play an important role in maintaining the function and sustainability of grassland ecosystem, but they are also susceptible to environmental changes. In recent decades, alpine meadows on the Tibetan Plateau have experienced severe degradation due to the impact of human activities and climate change. But it remains...
Article
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Modified chemically crosslinked polyesters as soft and electroconductive materials have investigated for tissue engineering applications. In this work, electroconductivity, thermal stability, and mechanical properties of synthesized Poly (glycerol-sebacate-itaconic) (PGSIT) by the solvent-free method was studied by incorporating polypyrrole (PPy) a...
Article
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Urban rivers in different countries, especially in developing countries, that used to play a prominent role in the lives of city residents during their glorious period have currently undergone deteriorating conditions due to various management, climate, and other reasons. However, some of these rivers can be regenerated and returned to the natural...
Article
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The analyses of soil properties and processes under the consideration of the spatial complexity of floodplains is a key step in the preparation of floodplain restoration measures. In that context, we analyzed how hydro-geomorphology influences soil physicochemical properties and formation processes in hardwood floodplain forests at the local scale....
Article
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Seagrasses are globally declining and multiple restoration efforts are undertaken to reverse these losses. However, these efforts have proven to be challenging, facing a variety of bottlenecks. We studied how predation by macroinvertebrates may form a potential bottleneck for seed-based seagrass restoration. Specifically, we questioned if the omniv...
Article
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Long-term active restoration is often employed to restore degraded grasslands. The establishment of a viable soil seed bank is the key to successful restoration, as it enhances the resilience of vegetation. However, little is known of how the soil seed bank affects vegetation resilience following long-term active restoration of degraded grasslands....
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The primary causes of biodiversity decline worldwide are the destruction, alteration, and fragmentation of habitat resulting from human economic activities such as agriculture or property development. In regions with highly cleared and fragmented landscapes, biodiversity conservation efforts typically involve the restoration of native habitat and r...
Article
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The aim of this study is to compare policy schemes for ecological compensation applied at national and regional levels, using exploited inland wetlands as an example. We study whether uncertainty, due to natural variability and measurement difficulties, motivates compensation that is carried out in the same region as that of the exploited site, or...
Article
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Over the years, landscape metrics and indigenous knowledge of the local community are yet to be employed to determine the patterns and drivers of mountainscape dynamics in Nigeria. This study quantified the mountainscape transformation (MT) and identified its drivers over the last two decades in Ado-Awaye Mountains, Nigeria. The potential mountain...
Book
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Настоящее издание является дополнением к ранее опубликованной работе, посвященной редким образцам культовой металлопластики средневековой Руси – кованым железным нательным крестам, инкрустированным серебром и золотом. Приведен дополнительный метод реставрации и консервации. Указаны новые регионы находок, подтверждена датировка периода изготовления...
Article
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The lethal combination involving TB and HIV, known as "syndemic" diseases, synergis-tically act upon one another to magnify the disease burden. Individuals on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) are at risk of developing TB-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS). The underlying inflammatory complication includes the rapid restor...
Article
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The color-matching ability of single-shade composites Omnichroma (OMN) and Omnichroma Flow (OCF) is ensured by structural color, which arises from monodisperse 260 nm spherical fillers. This study evaluated how filler load influences the color adjustment potential of composite restorations to human teeth of various shades. The performance of compos...
Article
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Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been confirmed to play vital roles in tumorigenesis. LncRNA MYU has recently been reported as an oncogene in several kinds of tumors. However, MYU’s expression status and potential involvement in ovarian cancer (OC) remain unclear. In this study, we explored the underlying role of MYU in OC. Methods a...
Book
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This book includes the abstracts of all the papers presented at the 10th Annual International Conference on Humanities & Arts in a Global World (3-6 January 2023), organized by the Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER). These abstracts, and the short narratives that highlight what we have seen as they came together 'live' and on vid...
Preprint
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Protein representation learning has primarily benefited from the remarkable development of language models (LMs). Accordingly, pre-trained protein models also suffer from a problem in LMs: a lack of factual knowledge. The recent solution models the relationships between protein and associated knowledge terms as the knowledge encoding objective. How...
Article
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The use of remote sensing and digital processing of images is increasingly present in the monitoring and analysis of environmental data, mainly due to the ease of obtaining orbital images and the advanced methods of image classification. Temporal evaluation of restoration of native vegetation surrounding springs is important for the protection of w...
Article
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Vegetation suitability assessment is the premise of scientific vegetation restoration and identifying its effect factors is conducive to imposing more targeted measures. In this paper, we take 24 social-economic factors that may affect vegetation suitability as indicators and construct the three criterion layers of production, life and policy. Then...
Preprint
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STED microscopy is widely used to image subcellular structures with super-resolution. Here, we report that denoising STED images with deep learning can mitigate photobleaching and photodamage by reducing the pixel dwell time by one or two orders of magnitude. Our method allows for efficient and robust restoration of noisy 2D and 3D STED images with...
Article
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This study explores the experiences of 24 Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) students and four staff members affiliated with a transitional undergraduate research program that facilitated a bi-directional socialization process that nurtured students’ cultural backgrounds and identities. This critical qualitative case study considers the...
Article
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Background A severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) related to SARS-CoV-2 has been described after infection. A limited number of reports have analyzed the long-term complications related to pro-inflammatory status in MIS-C. We evaluated multiorgan impairment at the 6-month follow-up in MIS-C. Methods We enrolled 33 pediatric...
Article
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Tissue engineering (TE) aims at restoring tissue defects by applying the three-dimensional (3D) biomimetic pre-formed scaffolds to restore, maintain, and enhance tissue growth. Broadly speaking, this approach has created a potential impact in anticipating organ-building, which could reduce the need for organ replacement therapy. However, the implan...
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Functional alignment (FA) is a novel philosophy to deliver a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that respects individual bony and soft tissue phenotypes within defined limitations. The purpose of this paper is to describe the rationale and technique of FA in the valgus morphotype with the use of an image-based robotic-platform. For the valgus phenotype...
Article
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This article presents part of the results of the restoration of a house within the walls of the ancient city of Monopoli in Puglia, Italy. The aim is to propose a methodological approach for the conservation of minor assets of ancient centers that are aimed at recognizing, on the one hand, the historical and cultural value of the asset and, on the...
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Context Climate change and human activities have significant impacts on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau; the alpine ecosystem in this region has been degraded. A decline in forage yield reduces the livestock carrying capacity, but an unmitigated increase may lead to overfeeding and damage to vegetation. These changes have eventually led to grassland de...
Conference Paper
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ABSTRACT The most important works that carry the past traces and culture of the society to the present include handicraft products. Traditional shuttle weaving, which is widely used in Anatolia, is one of our values that enables bridges between the past and the present. The importance of collecting, documenting, exhibiting, preserving and restorin...
Article
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Ion-adsorption rare earth mining areas are located in southern China’s ecologically fragile red soil hills region. For a long time, under the influence of multiple factors such as low mining technology and indiscriminate mining, this area has experienced serious environmental problems. Therefore, it is crucial for the ecological management and rest...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical effect of in-situ repair of posterior lateral meniscal root (PLMR) tear with segmental meniscal loss, with and without meniscofemoral ligament (MFL) imbrication, on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft force and knee joint kinematics. Methods Ten fresh-frozen cadaveric knee speci...
Article
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Rapid urbanization and irrational human activities have induced in numerous environmental problems, seriously threatening regional ecological security. The establishment and optimization of ecological security patterns (ESPs) were considered as a nature-based solution and an effective way for sustainable development. In this study, the Guizhou Prov...
Article
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The present study is a case report of a 24-year-old patient with a missing maxillary right lateral incisor. The case report uses a multi-disciplinary team approach in providing aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of teeth. The first team of periodontist took care of the gingival tissue health which was a pivotal aspect for the future orthodonti...
Preprint
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We discuss the consequences of the new definition of the coulomb in SI units.
Article
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Data reconstruction and data denoising are two critical preliminary steps in seismic data processing. Compressed Sensing states that a signal can be recovered by a series of solving algorithms if it is sparse in a transform domain, and has been well applied in the field of reconstruction, when, sparse representation of seismic data is the key point...
Preprint
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Environmental damage has been of much concern, particularly coastal areas and the oceans given climate change and drastic effects of pollution and extreme climate events. Our present day analytical capabilities along with the advancements in information acquisition techniques such as remote sensing can be utilized for the management and study of co...
Article
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The paper considers the problem of transformation of the landscape structure under the influence of man-made factors associated with the extraction of hydrocarbons in the Orenburg region. The technogeosystems of the Rostashinsky and Zaikinsko-Zorinsky deposits are presented as objects of research. The main purpose of the study was to study the dyna...
Article
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In this study, we used a survey to examine how urban residents in Ljubljana, Slovenia, value and use distinct urban public spaces. Specifically, we were interested to assess if urban public spaces in the city are used/perceived as restorative environments. To do this, we addressed the question: To what extent do restorative dimensions differ in nin...
Article
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In situ rock mass usually contains discontinuities in various forms, including fissures, joints and fractures, etc., and it becomes more heterogeneous when the discontinuities are backfilled with artificial grouting. It is incredibly challenging to obtain an accurate wave velocity model for those rocks with random inclusions, making the AE sources...
Article
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Severe atrophic posterior maxillary ridge (residual bone height < 3 mm) could be a challenging situation to place dental implants. Several treatment options have been proposed, but some of them may require advanced surgical skills to achieve best results. In this article, we present a novel and easier technique to allow implant placing in localized...
Article
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Metal block augmentations are common solutions in treating bone defects of total knee revision. However, the stress shielding and poor osteointegration resulted from metal block application could not be neglected in bone defects restoration. In this study, a novel porous metal block was designed with topology optimization to improve biomechanical p...
Article
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Recent studies suggest that the incorporation of graphene in resin-based dental materials might enhance their mechanical properties and even decrease their degree of contraction during polymerization. The present study aimed at comparing the three-point flexural strength (FS), the compressive strength (CS), and the Vickers hardness (VH) of a CAD/CA...
Preprint
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As coral reefs endure increasing levels of disturbance, understanding patterns of recovery following disturbance(s) is paramount to assessing the sustainability of these ecosystems. Given the slow dynamics of coral reefs and the increasing frequency of environmental pressures, management strategies focus on understanding recovery patterns to drive...
Article
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Plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) are often regarded as pests when their population densities exceed a certain threshold. Vegetation restoration measures are commonly used for the ecological control of pikas. Nevertheless, it is not known how effective these measures are, and if effective, which factors are responsible for the decline in pika dens...
Article
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Land-use changes have contributed to an increased interest in understanding the drivers of forest regeneration in human-modified landscapes. This is particularly true for arid ecosystems, in which regeneration is relatively less known, but more sensitive to land-use intensification and climate change. This paper aims to identify the relative contri...
Article
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Medical diagnostics rely heavily on ultrasound imaging since it is non‐invasive, inexpensive, and able to provide images in real time. However, the inherent existence of a kind of signal‐dependent noise in these images diminishes the use of ultrasound imaging systems. Speckle noise is inherently present in ultrasound images. Its inherent presence o...
Preprint
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We investigate the fluctuations of the net-baryon number density in dense hadronic matter. Chiral dynamics is modeled via the parity doublet Lagrangian, and the mean-field approximation is employed to account for chiral criticality. We focus on the qualitative properties and systematics of the second-order susceptibility of the net-baryon number de...
Article
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A method to capture three-dimensional (3D) objects image data under extremely low light level conditions, also known as Photon Counting Imaging (PCI), was reported. It is demonstrated that by combining a PCI system with computational integral imaging algorithms, a 3D scene reconstruction and recognition is possible. The resulting reconstructed 3D i...
Article
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Oxidative stress is preferentially treated as a risk factor for the development and progression of osteoporosis. Corynoline as a component of Corydalis bungeana Turcz presents antioxidative and anti‐inflammatory properties. In the present study, the effects of Corynoline on osteoblasts following hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‐induced injury were evaluate...
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The article is devoted to the consideration of the most pressing issues related to the development of the modern energy sector of Russia. Among them there are the technical obsolescence of energy production facilities, a huge amount of unused energy equipment, serious disruption of the innovation cycle in the energy industry, and inefficient manage...
Article
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The novel rotating synthetic aperture (RSA) is a new optical imaging system that uses the method of rotating the rectangular primary mirror for dynamic imaging. It has the advantage of being lightweight, with no need for splicing and real-time surface shape maintenance on orbit. The novel imaging method leads to complex image quality degradation ch...
Article
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The article is dedicated to the Hermitage Programm of the renovation of galleries of Classical Antiquities. In the period 1998-2019 twenty two galleries of Greek and Roman Art, occupied the ground flour of the New Hermitage building, were restored while their display was reconstructed. Modern open storages organized as Studiensammlungen were create...
Article
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With age, the physiological responses to occasional or regular stressors from a broad range of functions tend to change and adjust at a different pace and restoring these functions in the normal healthy range becomes increasingly challenging. Even if this natural decline is somehow unavoidable, opportunities exist to slow down and attenuate the imp...
Article
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The article identifies and analyzes the problems of guaranteeing the rights of convicts in connection with the principles of penitentiary law. The author comes to the conclusion that not all general and special rights of convicts are guaranteed by the penitentiary legislation in accordance with the principles of penitentiary law. In order to implem...
Article
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Modern power systems are structurally complex and thus experience transient events. For secure and reliable operation, quick system restoration is required whenever transient phenomenon like line faults occurs. Fault location techniques (FLTs) aid in faster restoration process. However, the accuracy of FLTs gets affected in presence of static synch...
Article
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Staphylococcus aureus infections are a major public health issue, and a vaccine is urgently needed. Despite a considerable promise in preclinical models, all vaccines tested thus far have failed to protect humans against S. aureus . Unlike laboratory mice, humans are exposed to S. aureus throughout life. In the current study, we hypothesized that p...
Conference Paper
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Water quality reflects the composition of water as affected by natural causes and man's cultural activities, expressed in terms of measurable quantities and related to intended water use. In this study an attempt has been made to ascertain the water quality of the Dr. Salim Ali Lake at Aurangabad. The Dr. Salim All Lake is divided into three rows a...
Article
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Static reactive metasurfaces allow excitation and propagation of surface waves. In this paper, we theoretically elucidate how surface-wave propagation along a reactive boundary is affected by temporal discontinuities of effective parameters characterizing the boundary. First, we show that by switching the value of the surface reactance, the velocit...
Article
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Authors estimated the current state of the population of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the tract "Tisovik" (Belovezhskaya Pushcha). The analysis of the dynamics of tree rings of silver fir and Norway spruce before and after draining the bog Dikiy Nikor was done, as well as analysis of the dynamics of the groundwater level in the surrounding area...
Article
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The prosthetic restoration of a unimaxillary edentulous arch is a complex treatment and a challenging clinical situation. This type of edentulous is more frequently encountered in the maxilla than in the mandible. It is opposed to a natural dentition, that can be the origin of aesthetic, occlusal and biological problems affecting the integration of...
Preprint
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Ovarian tissue cryopreservation has been successfully applied worldwide for fertility preservation. Correctly selecting the ovarian tissue with high follicle loading for freezing and reimplantation increases the likelihood of restoring ovarian function, but it is a challenging process. In this work, we explore the use of three-dimensional spectral-...
Article
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The purpose of the study is to establish the propaganda strategies of the communist regime used while publicizing the events known as the Revival Process. The language used in a bulletin published in April 1985 and comprising auxiliary material for agitators, speakers, and lecturers, is analyzed. Two main propaganda strategies are highlighted which...
Article
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Aging leads to a general decline in protective immunity. The most common age-associated effects are in seen T-cell mediated immune function. Adult mice whose immune systems show only moderate changes in T-cell subsets tend to live longer than age-matched siblings that display extensive T-cell subset aging. Importantly, at the time of reproductive d...
Article
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Background: Inflammatory and mechanical stimuli in tooth/jaw pathologies can have far-reaching consequences via trigeminal and autonomic circuitry and can cause systemic (e. g. autoimmune) diseases and pain conditions outside the tooth/jaw region. In addition to a case report, we also describe new pathophysiological findings. Case report: We rep...
Article
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Oil shale is a kind of unconventional energy resource with abundant reserves, but its exploitation has a continuous negative impact on the environment, which has hindered the research and exploitation of oil shale under the international environmental consensus on issues such as climate change. Therefore, more attention should be paid to environmen...
Article
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The impacts of land use/cover changes (LUCCs) on groundwater resources are a global issue. The Shiyang River Basin of China is a typical, ecologically fragile area. Focusing on the Wuwei sub-basin of the central plain, this study analyzed typical remote sensing image data for 17 specific dates since 1970. Before the Comprehensive Treatment Program...
Article
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In Ezekiel’s argument about idolatrous inquirers and persuadable prophets (Ez 14,1–11), how – if at all – does the restoration envisioned in V. 11 relate to the punishment envisioned in V. 10? In this essay I will assess a variety of older arguments about the relation of V. 11 to the preceding verses. In light of its outlook and vocabulary, I will...
Article
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