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Residence Characteristics - Science topic

Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
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Publications related to Residence Characteristics (10,000)
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Character education is a system of inculcating character values in the form of knowledge, will, and behaviors that are following the values of belief in God, oneself, fellow environment, and nationality. For this reason, the priority of national development is to strive for the formation of pious Indonesian people who obey the rule of law, develop...
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Dear Colleagues, Unprecedented urban growth is one of the most critical global challenges. Understanding the urban design, urban sprawl, morphological changes and their association with urban climate and environment can provide critical insight into sustainable urban practices. This Special Issue invites manuscripts that present new developments an...
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The editors encourage all interested authors to submit their interdisciplinary contributions (research or review papers) that cover these topics: -Energy or business models of RECs; -Interoperability of RES in REC; -Simulation and so􀀭ware to design and manage the communities; -Innovative systems to support the energy flexibility of REC; -Innovative...
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Dear Colleagues, As William Wilmot and Joyce Hocker put it in their book Interpersonal Conflict, conflict is “an expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from others in achieving their goals.” The main objective of this Special Issue is to scrutinize the conce...
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We studied the endolichenic fungal communities from saxicolous lichens occupying the cobbles at Nahal Boker, the central Negev Desert, Israel. Overall, 101 species belonging to 64 genera were isolated from 12 lichen species collected in three seasons from the south-facing slope (SFS) and north-facing slope (NFS) of the wadi. The endolichenic commun...
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Shrubs are pioneer species for ecological restoration in drylands and can promote the growth of herbaceous plants. Knowledge of the water-use characteristics of these revegetated species in different community types is crucial for understanding interspecific and intraspecific interactions and guiding ecological restoration; however, few studies hav...
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Through colonialism, external forces can alter and shift social structures and practices, thus, profoundly marginalizing the collective identities of local and indigenous populations. Decolonization is the undoing of the impacts of colonial domination. While sociotechnical systems (e.g., online platforms) can support the identity work of such margi...
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The journalistic accountability of the European Union (EU) is a complex issue widely addressed by the literature, since this political system is attributed an excessive distance from the citizenry. This problem has been exacerbated by a recent rise in Euroscepticism, which reduces confidence in EU news. By contrast to the crisis of international in...
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Moderate and high magnitudes of ground shaking will likely cause significant losses and lengthy recovery times, with potentially devastating consequences on communities and the supporting infrastructure. This is primarily because building systems' recovery time (i.e., resiliency) is currently not integrated into the seismic design process. This pap...
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There is little known about how understory vegetation affects the soil microbial community assembly, although it exerts strong controls on the soil microbial community composition. We attempted to clarify this question by establishing an experiment in which the understory vegetation was either removed or maintained as controls in a primary tropical...
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Species interactions alter with environmental change, which influences the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF). How BEF relationships change with environments requires knowledge of the changes of functional attributes in individual species in response to environmental change. Here, we assembled experimental plant commu...
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This paper investigates the landscapes of Neolithic communities found within Costa da Morte (Coast of Death), Galicia. Its goal is to uncover whether or not the megalithic monuments of a particular and coherent area of the south-eastern side of the Atlantic Façade are situated in relation to complex locational variables. In particular, in this pape...
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Do people in other areas perceive less risk from the COVID-19 pandemic than those in Hubei Province in the pandemic area? Do people in communities with COVID-19 infections perceive a higher level of risk of the virus? What media do people use to get information about the pandemic, and how do the chosen information source influence risk perception?...
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The objective of this research was to investigate late-life physical functioning and lifetime history of physical activity (PA) among older adults in rural and urban Arctic communities. Data was collected in a cross-sectional, population-based study among 65 to 92-year-old community-dwelling Icelanders (N = 175, 41% ≥75-year-old, 43% women, 40% rur...
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This paper explores the impact on urban labour markets of the closure of the Australian automotive manufacturing industry through a qualitative analysis of ex-automotive workers’ experiences of redundancy and precarious work. We locate the experiences of workers inside a multidimensional concept of precarity that can be both objectively measured an...
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As a cultural phenomenon, the Buginese who settled in Malaysia perceived the Bugis identity differently. In Malaysia, the Buginese were considered unique, since they had strong social linkage to the country and the region but remained proud of their narrative of origins. Utilising a multidisciplinary approach by combining the study of history and c...
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Literature has extensively documented traditional conceptions of sustainable teacher professional development (PD). Recently, PD has promoted self-directed and small group opportunities that provide teachers with interactive and discussion-based social learning. For this reason, this research explores the effect of book clubs as a form of PD for te...
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While women representation has improved, people still need to change their mindset when it comes to female school leaders in different societies. We argue that female heads are placed and perceived differently in society. Based on the interpretivist paradigm, we used the qualitative approach. A multiple case study design was adopted, and five femal...
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The composition of the microbiota is the focus of many recent publications describing the effects of the microbiota on host health. In recent years, research has progressed further, investigating not only the diversity of genes and functions but also metabolites produced by microorganisms composing the microbiota of various niches and how these met...
Conference Paper
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IS research often seeks to deliver practical impact, in addition to the traditional requirement for theoretical contribution. While an admirable goal, it is nevertheless a challenging prospect, as key questions remain around how to best facilitate a relationship between IS academic and practitioner communities. To explore this question, our paper i...
Conference Paper
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The increasing importance and popularity of online knowledge exchanging platforms have resulted in an extensive body of literature aimed at quality evaluation of knowledge. However, the existing evaluation tools are overly relying on popular vote to decide the quality. As the capabilities of AI (Artificial Intelligence) continue to improve, AI may...
Article
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This paper reports the results of an investigation that tests the applicability of technology acceptance model (TAM) in understanding consumers' attitude to self-service financial technologies (SSTs) and the determinants of their adoption decisions in a semi-urban community in Ghana. A quantitative cross-sectional research approach was adopted to c...
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The inherently stochastic nature of community detection in real-world complex networks poses an important challenge in assessing the accuracy of the results. In order to eliminate the algorithmic and implementation artifacts, it is necessary to identify the groups of vertices that are always clustered together, independent of the community detectio...
Article
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After the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak in March 2020, the majority of hospital policies have followed guidelines aimed to prevent the virus transmission and the families’ entry was denied in all hospital wards and intensive care units (ICU). Despite being necessary, such restrictions have been experienced with discomfort and sufferings by the general...
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Computational thinking (CT) is broadly recognised as a set of problem-solving methods that involve expressing problems and their solutions in ways that enable their computer-mediated representation across a variety of fields. Nowadays, it is argued that CT needs to be expanded towards new pathways that establish a less individualistic and more soci...
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Influence Maximization Problem aims at identifying a limited number of highly influential users who will be working for diffusion agents to maximize the influence. In case of Budgeted Influence Maximization (BIM), the users of the network have a cost and influential user selection needs to be done within a given budget. In case of Earned Benefit Ma...
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Talent workers are becoming a critical factor in the urbanization of China. Government programs encourage the attraction of these skilled and university educated workers by providing subsidized housing. Talent workers are responding to these incentives, yet many are not settling in the urban communities that woo them. This micro-scale case study of...
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Online music communities reflect and influence people’s music tastes, providing a detailed digital record of individuals’ behavior. There have been extensive studies on human musical preference; however, the further questions of how the preferences correlate, how intensive and extensive a musical preference can spread in social networks and an indi...
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Co-management of forest protected areas (PA) has started its journey in Bangladesh intending to conserve the forest resources by creating alternative income generating activities for the forest-dependent people. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of co-management initiatives in improving socioeconomic status as well as reduction of...
Article
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Corruption and organized crime are social problems that affect different communities around the world, involving public and private organizations in diverse sectors and activities. However, these problems are global phenomena that transcend economic, cultural, and social borders, especially, when corrupt individuals use the global financial system...
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Background The introduction of broadleaved tree species in monoculture larch plantations to establish mixed plantations is a feasible way to improve soil properties. However, our understanding of how mixed plantations of larch and broadleaved tree species affect soil properties, particularly microbial community structures and functions, remains lim...
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We used survival analysis to model user disengagement in three distinct questions-and-answering communities in this work. We used the complete historical data from domains including Politics, Data Science, and Computer Science from Stack Exchange communities from their inception until May 2021, including information about all users who were members...
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This article discusses translanguaging methodologies from a decolonial perspective. Drawing on tangsing, I have argued that the research methodologies to investigate translanguaging should not only push linguistic boundaries but also question the relevance of Western/colonial research methods that reproduce linguistic insecurity and epistemic inequ...
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The first statewide wildland-urban interface (WUI) maps were created for Alaska in 2000 and 2010. • Alaska experienced expanding WUI area and rapid housing growth within WUI from 2000 to 2010. • Housing density was the dominant contributor to WUI change. • As the distance from WUI increased, both human and lightning ignition density decreased but t...
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This article recovers the narratives of preschool and elementary education teachers in Chiapas, Mexico, through which describes and analyzes how educational processes are developing with children of rural and indigenous communities in the pandemic. The teachers narrate their personal and teaching experiences as complex, impregnated with negative em...
Article
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The transportation sector is considered one of the most important sectors affecting the planning and development of cities. It is the responsible sector for traffic and transport inter- and intra-cities through the mass transit systems, which reflect the civilization, urban, economic, and social levels of cities. The importance of this study lies i...
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It is well known that the wind regime around the globe is different depending on the geographical position, season, and dynamics of climate changes. For this reason, studying the evolution of the wind is crucial both for the activity of human communities and especially for the exploitation of its energy. The current development of offshore wind far...
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Wikipedia is the largest source of free encyclopedic knowledge and one of the most visited sites on the Web. To increase reader understanding of the article, Wikipedia editors add images within the text of the article’s body. However, despite their widespread usage on web platforms and the huge volume of visual content on Wikipedia, little is known...
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Lime and biochar have been proposed as effective ameliorants for increasing soil fertility and nitrogen (N) cycling by regulating the ammonia-oxidizer community. However, the biological mechanisms of lime- and biochar-induced changes in the ammonia-oxidizer community, soil nitrification, crop productivity, and N use efficiency (NUE) remain largely...
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This short communication paper aimed to compile the main determinants of inequality in dental services by distinguishing between access, utilisation, and provision of dental services. Recent findings integrated, and a dedicated conceptual framework entitled “Triangle of inequality in dental services” has been suggested. These can contribute a rich...
Article
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Inoculation with soil from different ecosystems can induce changes in plant and soil communities and promote the restoration of degraded ecosystems. However, it is unknown how such inoculations influence the plant and soil communities, how much inoculum is needed, and whether inocula collected from similar ecosystems will steer soil and plant commu...
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The emergency first aid responder (EFAR) system was designed as a low-cost and adaptable community-based prehospital emergency care system, and was first published after conducting a study in the township of Manenberg, South Africa, in 2010. EFARs are laypersons who are trained to respond to emergencies in their communities, and can provide support...
Article
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Online communities are a real medium for human experiences sharing. They contain rich knowledge of lived situations and experiences that can be used to support decision-making process and problem-solving. This work presents an approach for extracting, representing, and evaluating components of problem-solving knowledge shared in online communities....
Article
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Using a dataset of more than 90,000 metal music reviews written by over 9000 users in a period of 15 years, we analyse the genre structure of metal music with the aid of review text information. We model the relationships between genres using a user-oriented network, based on the written reviews. We then perform community detection and employ a net...
Article
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This article recovers the narratives of preschool and elementary education teachers in Chiapas, Mexico, through which describes and analyzes how educational processes are developing with children of rural and indigenous communities in the pandemic. The teachers narrate their personal and teaching experiences as complex, impregnated with negative em...
Article
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Highlights The g-C 3 N 4 monolayer in the perfect 2D limit was successfully realized, for the first time, by the well-defined chemical strategy based on the bottom-up process. The most striking evidence was made from Cs–high resolution transmission electron microscopy measurements by observing directly the atomic structure of g-C 3 N 4 unit cell, w...
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The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) in UK has recently advised that COVID vaccines in 5–11-year-old children is non-essential. This has created an outrage among some healthcare professionals who believed a mandatory vaccination program for all ages would be more beneficial. The JCVI decision sounds strange to many public heal...
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Key message Our results indicate that nitrogen deposition is likely to adversely affect forest bryophyte communities, having negative impacts in terms of increased dominance of nitrophilic species at the expense of N-sensitive species and a decrease in evenness. Context Elevated atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (N) has long been recognised as a...
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This work presents a portable framework to estimate potential park demand and park exposure through bipartite weighted networks. We use mobility information and open spatial information. Mobility information comes in the form of daily activities sampled from a model based on Call Detail Records (CDR). Spatial information comprise parks represented...
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Effective school leadership has a massive impact on excellence and success. This study was conducted to identify distributive leadership and professional learning communities (PLC) practice in cluster primary schools of excellence (CPSE) in Kedah, Malaysia. This study also aimed to analyze the extent of principals’ distributive leadership influenci...
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Despite the existence of numerous research studies on community-based conservation, relatively few focus on the particularities of freshwater ecosystems. Freshwater ecosystems are distinct from terrestrial and marine ecosystems , exhibiting both greater concentrations of biodiversity and elevated threats. In addition, freshwater resources have dist...
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Over the past two decades, transportation engineers and urban planners have become increasingly interested in using performance measures to capture roadway infrastructure effects on bicyclists' comfort levels. In this study, a tool is developed for evaluating Ohio's local roads and identifying opportunities for improvement. This begins by assessing...
Article
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Sumbertempur Lor that has potential natural resources that are used for food needs and as a natural and religious tourism object. This rural has the develop both in terms of infrastructure basic and other facilities. The structure or economic level of the Sumbertempur village community affects the dynamics of the development of community civilizati...
Thesis
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o assess the knowledge regarding eugenics among eligible couples. 2. To determine the attitudes of eligible couples about eugenics. 3. To find out the co-relationship between knowledge and attitude regarding eugenics among eligible couples. 4. To findout association between the levels of knowledge regarding eugenics among eligible couples with thei...
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The article is devoted to the study of the current state of three pasture differences from the Haloxylon pasture type: 1. Haloxylon ammodendron, Caroxylon orientale, Artemisia terrae-albae; 2. Haloxylon ammodendron, Artemisia terrae-albae, Caroxylon orientale with Haloxylon persicum; 3. Haloxylon ammodendron, Artemisia terrae-albae, Anabasis salsa...
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This article explores how music fans used social media to increase a social movement’s public support. Although initially dismissed as a conspiracy theory, the movement eventually gained widespread support and is motivating communities to engage in broader cultural conversations. The movement’s success, this article argues, is largely owed to socia...
Article
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For regional students, going to university frequently involves moving away from important home, family and community connections to forge new connections in unfamiliar environments. This is a daunting prospect discouraging many from considering university as an option. But what if university could come to them, allowing them to stay where they feel...
Article
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The participation of community groups that receive P2L programs affects the success of the program. The research aims to find out: 1) The participation level of rural and urban communities in the P2L at South Kalimantan. 2) The differences in the participation level communities in P2L. 3) The factor that affected the community participation in P2L....
Article
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The development of hijrah in Indonesia is increasingly widespread with the emergence of the phenomenon of hijrah communities. As is the case with the Yuk Ngaji Solo hijrah community, which conveys da'wah messages through social media, especially through Instagram. The da'wah method used is the oral bill method through the @yukngajisolo Instagram ac...
Article
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Based on the assumption that social media encourages a populist style of politics in online communities and the proposition that populism and conspiracy theories tend to co-occur, this article investigates whether this holds true for YouTube influencers, particularly on the less investigated left-wing spectrum. The article provides qualitative case...
Article
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Las comunidades de práctica (CoPs) son un mecanismo para la gestión del conocimiento que requiere el desarrollo de una estrategia, para cumplir sus objetivos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue verificar las características de las CoPs y sus estrategias de dinamización en sus diferentes etapas del ciclo de vida: creación, cohesión, madurez y estabilid...
Preprint
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Youth from Indigenous communities and Palestinian communities face similar challenges in education, employment and being able to access mainstream outlets for activism. Both communities also embrace a trans-nationalism through their individual actions amidst a decentralized reality. In this paper I argue that these similarities and shared experienc...
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Decomposition is pivotal for the cycling of nutrients and carbon, but this process also results in the release of byproducts and chemical compounds that may transiently affect the resident community through space and time. The resident community includes microbes and invertebrates that may be influenced by transformed dead material, whose degradati...
Article
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Public communication is increasingly recognized as a key component in successful natural resource management within government agencies responsible for conservation. However, communication practices and beliefs among government conservation scientists and practitioners are not well studied or understood. Herein, we present the results of a communic...
Preprint
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© 2022, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors' permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/rel0000493
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Through YouthMappers, young women students are able to design and participate in activities that collect, create, and disseminate spatial data and information to prepare spatial databases and maps for visualization, analysis, planning, and decision-making in their local communities. Because the field of geography is dominated by men, the contributi...
Article
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The bark of live trees provides an important microhabitat for corticolous myxomycetes. However, the association between the presence of myxomycetes and health of host trees has not been studied in detail. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between tree vitality and myxomycetes on the bark of Cryptomeria japonica trees in a mont...
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We emphasize the need to contribute to the promotion of sustainable coastal communities from the recognition of a new era like the Anthropocene and the role of maps and open data. We want to tell you about how engaged YouthMappers contribute to efforts to achieve the SDGs under the demands of this new era and how maps can be a language that promote...
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The young are deeply concerned about the world they will inherit, yet trends indicate that youth globally experience barriers to opportunities for civic engagement, lack of participation access, distrust, and voicelessness on the issues they care about most. The youth want to be more engaged in meeting the development needs of their communities and...