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Research Papers - Science topic

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Questions related to Research Papers
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I am working on research papers and want to know the tools and technique used to extract data from research paper.
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Harnad, if your papers are in PDF formats, you can use tools like Mendeley or Zotero which can "read" and import the metadata from PDF. Then you can easily export these bibliographic data in some format which is appropriate for you.
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I am using "Research Publishing" divide as analogous to "Digital Divide", that is, the observation of inequalities or a gap between researchers' potential to publish in class A journals, who live in the southern hemisphere versus those of the north hemisphere.
Many researchers who do not teach in elite universities across the globe (as divided above) have hard times to enter the circle of the A-Journals although researched topics are highly more practical to 80% of the world communities versus the 5% of elite publications and read by less than 20% of the world communities!
What do you think?
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Open access has the potential to reduce the research divide.
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I'm new to grant applications, but it has recently been stressed to me how important nice formatting is for winning them. This surprised me, as when I have reviewed grant applications previously, I have simply considered the science behind the study. Am I naive in focusing on the science rather than the aesthetics?
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Hi Matt. I can assure you that your colleagues are not pulling your leg. Lay-out, formatting, esthetics...are really very important aspects of a good (and successful ;-) application. As you indicate, this may be surprising, and obviously, cosmetics can't substitute good science.
However, you need to put you into the position of the evaluator who usually has to plow through a large amount of applications in a minimal time. As an example, major EU grant applications, literally 100 of pages long, are often evaluated in a matter of a few hours.
So readability is paramount. Less is more in terms of text. Good illustrations (perhaps preliminary data supporting the application), Pert-charts etc. Air! Spacing between paragraphs, good, informative heading structure - all of this makes it easier for a stressed and tired evaluator to read through and even enjoy reading through your application.
Key to a good structure to know the evaluation criteria. These are often available as separate documents, but often over-looked by the applicants because the think this is just something for the evaluators to read. If you e.g. see that your application should be judged on "originality", then make damn sure that you have a sub-heading called "Project originality" where you explain the originality of your proposal. Sometimes this works like putting words in the mouth (or the mind) of the evaluators. While they form their own opinion of the originality, you've made sure that your point of view has come across. If it's a realistic, short and concise comment on the originality, an evaluator may actually use it.
Cheers, Thrandur
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Does anyone have access to Journal of Nanocience and Nanotechnology, I need full text of two articles?
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No madam i can't access that journal madam
Why the impact factor of journals are different on ResearchGate than Thomson Reuters (ISI web of knowledge) impact factor released 2012?
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i want to know why this difference in score of impact factors like Archives of Microbiology is 1.905 by Thomson Reuters (ISI web of knowledge) 2012 but here on ResearchGate is about 1.43 of it and impact factors of most journals are not updated on research-gate. so any one tell how to correct it and why this difference?. Be happy
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To update the journal impact factor of your interest...Fill this form and send..!! https://feedback.researchgate.net/responses/please-update-2012-impact-factor-of-journals
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These days, the research as such is getting a lot of appreciation and recognition, also for the researchers. But, 1) How much is the public benefitting from this research? 2) How much of the findings are actually relevant in our day to day life? 3) How many of the results are being implemented or tried to be implemented? 4) If we do a cost - benefit analysis of amount of money (government, private agencies, national, external all) and the output to the public (read as the environment, people, resources, energy or anything), what will the output be? 5) Why are researchers just bothered about getting it published in a high impact journal not in and as a common article, or both?
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I also think as Pragyan Bhattarai
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Journal name, Technic, topic or etc.
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You have to find all the journals in your research area. Then you can rank them according to their impact factor. Depending on your findings and the originality and novelty of your research, then you can select the best suitable journal for you. High impact factor journals will especially look at the novelty and you will have to demonstrate how your research is original.
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ResearchGate is a useful social-scientific networking site for researchers. Do more members use it on official working days than holidays?
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Closed institutes without students have a different work-environment than advanced teaching universities. How do they compare in impact of their respective research contributions?
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Ian
Thanks! Doctoral students, if properly guided are a great young work-force in university research work quality and quantity. Institutes lack this pep and work-culture stagnates.
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It offers immediate publication, open peer review and full data deposition and sharing.
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HI, I had a very good experience with F1000Research. The manuscript was accepted within 2 weeks and was reviewed by Janet Rossant and Christine Mummery – the top scientists in the stem cell field. The paper has also been accessed 7509 times – so even though it doesn’t have an impact factor, it still makes a high impact. Best of luck in your submission.
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Researchers communities through time become encircled in their own political convictions, a fact, that may lead to discriminating against other researchers with different political views as reflected in their writings.
How can research communities regulate such behavior especially that reviewers are not public (anonymous) and there is always an argument to reject a work?
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Wow... You do have a tough case. The question is if you looked elsewhere for another job? or that is not an option for you? Your function on the current job satisfies your aims and objectives? even under suppression?
The usual solution under such a tremendous pressure is to resist at first, but I see that you were subject to more pain, then the next step is to move along to another job where you can operate away from this stressful situation. Maybe in a university.
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"The future lies in Data and an idea"
As the truth about our world need to be looked at ever more critically, data needs to be correct to arrive at the right conclusions, but as time ticks and knowledge moves further ahead, the results and analysis becomes ever more critical in formulating future political and social structural decisions. The analysis and results should be questioned in the light of new knowledge , but without the original data assumptions are at best guesswork and may or may not be correct.
All data should be available to back up any research and kept on open record for further analysis at a later date.
Peer Review helps to reduce mistakes, but are only good for the time it was published not for future analysis, as we see in climate data. All the algorithms in the world cannot replace actual real data.
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We miss so much by not looking at the raw data. I thing we are doing the same with history. We take the short cut to get what we need from the data and through the rest away. This is what has lead us in false directions in the past and today. Incomplete things can always come up with different conclusions than reality. Most of us only learn part of history and this is why history repeats itself over and over.
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Print media has been virtually overtaken by instantaneous dissemination via internet. Advertisements are providing research-work with free access to scientific publications. And yet, many high impact journals sell access to individual users on hefty payment. What future holds in store for end-user?
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Jaya
Thanks! But restricted visiblility of high impact journals on internet shall change their circulation strategies or continue with 'hide-pay-seek' technique?
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I am working with Zotero (combined with Dropbox that facilitates the files synchronization), a free citations management tool, I find it simple to work, gives me some features that I like a lot (storing PDFs, tags, synchronization between different computers, ...) and permits the installation of additional functions using extras, like: Zotero Scholar Citations; Zotero Word Integration or ZotFile. This permits ordering by citations counting, or annotate PDFs and extracting notes.
What I would like to know is how you deal with the research sources and if there is a more effective way to work or tool?
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Over the years I have come up with a system that work well for myself and in working with my students. When I collect research papers, I also download the publisher's citation in a bibtex format, including the abstract. I then group the citations into general categories, limiting myself to 5 or 6 subjects (e.g. drug design, nonbonded clusters, methodologies). The bibtex files are edited to have unique keys by taking the last name of the first author followed by the first letter of each following author's last name, and then followed by the publication's year (e.g. SmithMNOP2013). On the rare event that the same authors, with the same author sequence, publish additional papers that year, then I add an "a", "b", et cetera to the end of the year. The downloaded PDF files are subsequently renamed according to this key (e.g. SmithMNOP2013.pdf), allowing one to find the paper quickly according to the bibtex key.
When my student's follow this convention, it allows us to seamlessly exchange found information. We also have unique PDF directories set up on our networked home directories that are readable by members of the group. One could alternatively store these on a personal cloud service (e.g. Dropbox), which I believe maintains the wishes of publisher to limit the paper's distribution to the general public.
To easily manage the citations and PDFs, as well as to search the abstracts and titles for keywords, I use JabRef (http://jabref.sourceforge.net). This free java based program is operating system independent, and is continuously being updated by the opensource community. JabRef can also import citations that are in other formats (e.g. RIS). Given that the PDF files have the same name as the bibtex keys, it also can link to your PDF files once you specify where they are located. (Note that some care is needed since JabRef will complain about certain special characters, such as different types of dashes or Greek symbols.)
I have always had poor experiences regarding citation management and formatting when using popular Windows and Mac based writing program, including OpenOffice. I have switched to LaTeX because of this, and have found that switching the bibliographic formats as required by journals to be very easy now. There is a learning curve for LaTeX, but well worth it in the long run (i.e. a little time now save much time in the future). Most journals in my field now provide a LaTeX style file and submission options. I have also found that less errors are introduced by the publishers when typesetting the articles for publication.
Best regards,
Karl
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For unit, we all know that we need to follow the SI unit, how about engineering terms? Do we have SI for engineering terms? Or do we need to refer to the English dictionary or something like that?
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If you are a well-known worker in the area e.g. highly cited, you may get away with creating a definition of your own. However, the definition of a term is generally worked out by consulting enough papers or authoritative sources to decide for yourself what the accepted definition is. Another way would be to dig out policy papers or regulatory pronouncements by government agencies because these documents often define what they are referring to.
Clem
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It has mostly been used in assessing art therapy assessments, specifically the Person Picking an Apple from a Tree (PPAT). I am interested in knowing how the rating tool does or does not work adequately for various populations, as I am working to make it more reliable in setting norms and making specific standards for various types of clients.
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I used it when I was doing trauma therapy with female inmates.  It did tend to show change in those that seemed to gain more from therapy/those that were more invested in therapy.  Although, sometimes people are just goofy and use crazy colors for their drawing or draw things in an odd way; you kinda have to be able to judge if this is case with your clients or not.   
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Our project is looking to have our papers published.
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Hello Jean, I consider that "Ecology and Society" and "Ecosystems" are two journals that publish very interesting and important papers on the topic
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A couple of reviewers deciding the fate of one's scientific work and amazingly one is favoring and the other extremely against :)
What are your opinions as I believe that there shall be centralized publishing for the scientific articles i.e one web page asking submission on Artificial Intelligence from around the globe instead of one thousands places to select from. We find hundreds of thousands of Journals and Proceedings that are publishing or rejecting after a review from couple of people where most of them claim to be the area experts but mostly are not. Researchers and students are wasting time to find the right place first and then are rejected due to language/presentation barriers or poor background or sometimes merely some impossible revision suggestions due to reviewers' being inactive researcher. Journals are also making their own monopolies to aim at unnecessary high impact factors. Consequently, many good researchers getting a dumb response due to comparatively above average work but not the well above average . More interestingly, one work is sometimes rejected at a low impact factor place and gets accepted at a higher impact factor.
Open access is even worse as it burdens the authors with heavy amounts.
In my opinion, all the articles shall be published after an initial plagiarism check at one place or forum within a couple of weeks. Let the community decide whether the article is acceptable or not. The articles not cited within next one year shall be removed from the annuls.
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I think that any paper should not be accepted without some scientifical verification, because in the other case a lot of good works will sunk among the millions of really bad ones.
On the other hand the modern scientific publishing system is seems preety strange to me. One journals publish any payed paper and get relatively high impact factor as a result of open access, other - sell papers for strange amounts of money. A lot of top-ranked USA journals rejected papers from not top world counties or university without any considerations (if the paper has no USA authors or USA grants mentioned in it).
Referees (not all of them, surely,but a very large part) want only to see citations of their own papers in the paper reviewed and oftenly reviewing papers only by abstract and bibliography.
I think, that all scientific papers should be free of any charges and open accesible.
Journals do not spend a lot of money today on the electronic publicationsm and referees are working without salary too. Selling of paper journals to libraries will give them some quantity of money and the missing amount should be payed by the top world/country universities of goverments which all are interested in scientific development.
And all referees of the paper should be mentioned in it with or without their decisions on it. That will make them to be much more thorough in their work and not too interested in getting a lot of additional citations.
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I am a PhD candidate. I am writing a dissertation: "What are the factors of failure in the implementation of new project management technology utilizing dashboards as a tool to measure key performance indicators (KPI)." I am seeking 5-10 participants for a field study in project management.
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I need 3 volunteers to be interviewed about dashboards and project failure. Interviews confidential, of course. Identity masked and coded. The field study is for the Scientific Review Board and Industrial Review Board. Can you help?
Which is better in your opinion, ResearchGate or Academia.edu?
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Include reasons with any answer if possible.
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Hello, Mr. Bowen! If you want to promote your papers posted in free repositories(SSRN, RepEc, arXiv.org, PhilSci-Archive, BRIE, Sloan WP, E-print Network, CiteCeerX, SSOAR etc.) or in open-access journals – Academia.edu – is one of the best tools for this. Academia.edu allows you to post the link on your paper instead the PDF file itself. Therefore, viewers of your paper can download your papers directly from repositories and increase your score (“points”) on these repositories. Look my example (one of my SSRN paper) here http://www.academia.edu/3070680/Innovation_Concepts_and_Typology-An_Evolutionary_Discussion Moreover, near 20% of my SSRN downloads (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1989392 ) came from Academia.edu. In addition, Academia.edu has a very lucrative and easy to understand interface with your personal stat (you can see from what countries your papers were viewed). On the other side, ResearchGate has impressive tools for discussion. I use ResearchGate primarily for discussion, but not for promotion of my papers.
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What are the incentives in place (if any)?
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I guess it is as Prof. Andersen says: "publish or perish".
No papers = no funding.
No funding = no students, no projects.
No student, no projects = no papers.
Does RG Score really reflect a meaningful impact of a researcher/scholar? I have found an example where it doesn't.
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I have just come across an example of a researcher/scholar on Research Gate who's total publications are 185 with a total impact of 336.66 points while his/her RG Score is only 98.67. The split of the RG Score tells that 40% is for Publications, 23% for the Questions asked and 37% for the answers provided. I think if this person had participated lesser in question/answer activity the RG score would have been much higher (perhaps more that 336) which means the ACTIVE INTERACTION, which otherwise must have increased, has actually decreased the overall impact (= RG Score) of a scholar? Doesn't this mean that RG Score calculations are faulty?
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The one example I had quoted earlier is that of Björn Thrandur Björnsson with Impact Points 335.13 (as viewed right now) and the RG Score 99.29. This RG score is less than one third of the Impact Points. This case is very strange for me because in all the other cases, that I have seen till date, RG Score is more than the Impact Points.
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It's a simple but relevant question that I'd like to address to all researchers in this site. Possible answers I guess you could give are:
a) Yes, absolutely
b) Well ... yes though everything can be improved
c) Not really but I will sent it for review.
d) Not at all. In fact I will not send it for review.
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As a researcher, one should never be happy with what one has achieved , there is always room for improvement ! As for me, I feel one should always try for betterment, so when u go through what u have put down in black and white, there is always something that can be improved ! So I go with answer (b)
Does anyone have access to this paper :Post-translational enzyme activation in an animale via optimized conditional protein splicing?
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sadly my uni does not have the subscription, to Nature Chemical Biology, could you please send me a pdf copy? http://www.nature.com/nchembio/journal/v3/n1/full/nchembio832.html#B3
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Many thanks for your post. Topics is intended for research-related questions and answers. If you would like to contact a member directly, please use the "send message" function on their profile.
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Two of my research papers are published in an international journal with impact factor of 1.125, and a processing fee of 2000 has been paid, is that paper valid or not?
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My submission is as follows:
1. Most of the time researchers are more concerned about the Impact factor than their research work. I personally feel this is the mindset we develop from our predecessors.
2. The Impact Factor calculated by various agencies has already raised a lot of confusion.
3. I think we should focus on our work only, rest is secondary. If we do some great research contribution, its impact as well as the "Impact Factor" will be visible to everybody.
"Not necessarily it is calculated by XYZ agency".
This is what I believe
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I'm looking for colleagues who combine both perspectives as I do in my work for networking and developing mutual research strategies.
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I definitely draw on existential thinking and ideas in my work in this setting. I find Yalom's books extrememly helpful, especially 'Staring at the sun'. I also do a lot of research around the existential experience of cancer patients but tend to focus this more on cancer survivorship.
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As we all know number of US govt. offices have been shutdown. Due to this, important web sites are either not functioning or not updating. We are frequent users of PubMed and other NCBI web sites. Our research heavily depends on these web sites, particularly on PubMed. I want to know from other users how much it is affecting their research. And whether they will upgrade all information when the PubMed Site will be up?
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Gajendra, the EuropePMC FAQs say:
"Unlike PubMed Central, Europe PMC provides a single point of access to not only full-text articles but additionally the abstracts available through PubMed."
Although I am unsure as to the mechanism of how PubMed and the database is updated and whether if PubMed is not updated, this will also affect Europe PMC searches. As far I know the database which PubMed actually searches is the MedLine database run by NIH and I suspect there is some human input required to keep this up to date.
I agree I prefer to use NCBI on most occasions due to the interface and tools available, but if the basic information is the same, then it's better than nothing if NCBI stops working
How much plagiarism can be permissible in a peer reviewed paper?
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I want to know the permissible limit in the plagiarism in a research paper can be acceptable!!
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Plagiarism is not accepted in any kind of credible publication, and it can get you into trouble. There are simple ways to avoid it.
Sharing information
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how do I let others know that I want to share a project?
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Many thanks for your post. Q&A is intended for research-related questions and answers. If you have questions relating to your ResearchGate account, feedback, or suggestions, please get in touch with us here: https://www.researchgate.net/application.Contact.html
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Alternative models to measure the quality of research are the personal citation indexes (H-index). Is that true?
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From Google Scholar, you can get three metrics, which all go towards measuring scholar productivity:
*** TOTAL CITATIONS: This matters to a point, in that, somebody that has 1000 total citations is possibly being listened to more than somebody with 10 total citations by his/her colleagues ... This allows measurement of QUANTITY ...
*** H INDEX: Of course, quantity only goes so far, since you can get many publications in journals, which are almost instantly indexed by Google Scholar's super efficient web spiders ! H index is an attempt to get a handle on QUALITY.
*** I10 INDEX: This is just like total citations, but, only counts publications that have >= 10 citations on them. This was introduced to eliminate lower impact publications.
In all of them, the general idea is the same: The more citations you have, the higher quality your scholarly work is ... There is an ongoing debate about whether SELF-CITATIONS should be counted or not, but, due to the difficulty in finding a reasonable formula for this for CO-AUTHORED papers (with,say, 5, 10 co-authors), this would create too much turbulence, so, it is left alone ...
All three of these metrics are available on Google Scholar, although, i10 is only two years old. I expect other metrics to be introduced in the future ... because, there are still many gaps ...
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Most readers pay attention and read a research paper when its 'Title" generates interest. However, exact statement of the main finding as 'Title' educates the 'in-field' researcher.
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The title must present a clear idea of what the reader can expect from the article. Whether it is narrow or broad, depends on the context/content of your report. If you work with mice, you should place mice in your title. If you work with mice and elephants, mammals might be a better choice.
Anyway, a good editor will be part of the process to state a catchy but truthful title for your paper, since they are interested in generating citations.
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To which of the following would you give priority?
Impact factor?
Editorial Board?
Publication Fees?
Subject oriented?
Fast publication process?
Citations?
Any Other?
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It has influence labs and is classified globally and be in a specialized field
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In our research career, we end up inevitably, with a huge tranche of PDFs/DOCs/Txts scattered across different machines and folders. I was wondering of the best way/software that could help organize the collection, as used by you in your personal capacity.
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Although I haven't used any of such tools except for Mendeley which to me is great. Aside its capability for discovering the latest research related to your field of study, I fancy the MS-Word add-on that allows for easy citation and auto referencing.
What do you do when you need help to write a scientific article?
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ask for help, read a book, internet? http://howtopublishinjournals.com/2013/10/07/book-review-how-to-get-research-published-in-journals/
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Rafael - in my mind, scholarly writing cannot be learnt from a book, articles or from the internet. Sure - there are generic resources that will offer useful advice and tips from these sources - but they are no more than aids. To simply 'copy' their advice and format would probably result in poor publications and probable rejection from journals. Of the options you put forward - seeking help is by far the most valid option. Learning from those who have experience, seeking 'general council', seeking out mentorship and peer-support groups, local publication groups and forums, engaging with established research and publication teams etc - are, by far, the best way to approach a 'research/publishing' career - as an apprentice. Those who have previously or are, currently, involved in post-graduate education are most likely to already possess at least a 'basic' skills set - whereby the process may be quicker and easier.
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Some Journals, for an example, idnetifies the following under indexing/abstracting. Science Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded, Cab Abstracts, Compendex, Biological & Agricultural Index Plus, BIOSIS, Current Contents/Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences, Environmental Periodicals Bibliography, GEOBASE, Geographical Abstracts, Hydro-Abstracts, Hydro-Index, International Development Index, Irrigation and Drainage Abstracts, Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts, Physical Geography. Referativnyi Zhurnal, Scopus, Soils and Fertilizers, TROPAG/RURAL Database, Agricultural Engineering Abstracts, Agricultural Economics Abstracts, Agroforestry Abstracts, Field Crop Abstracts, Forestry Abstracts, Environmental Impact, Irrigation and Drainage Abstracts, ProQuest – Biological Sciences, Environment Index, Summon by Serial Solutions etc. Which indexing systems are reputed and accepted widely to consider the Journal as indexed?
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Depending on the problem that you have in relation to indexation and impact factors, you should consider that the impact of any publication is dependent on the discipline or speciality of interest. Hence, a journal may have a higher impact in one academic field when compared with another field; I think that this is an implicit part of the entire indexing process, with indexes better reflecting some fields (disciplinarily speaking, but also, considering the relative arbitrariness of selecting or not selecting publications), although I have not documented that.
Let me mention as an example that, in Brazil, the federal higher education & research funding agency puts a lot of emphasis and effort on the establishment of different ratings for scientific publications for the different knowledge areas it funds; the peer reviewed publications of all post graduate programs are then evaluated considering the indexing ratings that are specific to each program.
Hope this example can help.
Free publication in our International Journal
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We are providing free publication services for researchers, who need their work to be known by the world. Our free publication offer will continue for October and November-2013. Interested researchers, send their manuscripts/papers in word format on editor@ijasr.org. Volunteers in editing and reviewing field are also welcome. Free publication service for editors through out the year. Visit our website: www.ijasr.org for full details.
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Dear Muhammad Usman Tariq, could you provide the web link of the journal. Thanks.
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I have read a paper which presents a high level description of an algorithm. Some steps of the algorithm are described in natural language and are hard to reproduce when trying to implement the code.
After reading other papers related to the original one I have managed to write all the subalgorithms in Pseudocode and implemented and tested the algorithm in C++.
In order to prevent others from going through the entire process again I would like to publish a scientific note which describes all the subalgorithms.
My work does not bring any novel contribution to the existing literature. It is just detailed description of an existing algorithm which might be useful to other researchers.
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@ Parvu,
I think it is a great idea to share this type of work, since they are rare and hard to find.
I would suggest you make a kind of "Technical Note", and post it in your own lab's web site, or the University or Company one (if possible).
Otherwise, you can look into websites like HAL, which are open archives repositories pretty useful for this kind of notes. You could also post it on RG!
Hope this gives you some ideas !
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Most reviewers of academic papers are volunteers, who spend valuable time for research when they try their best to improve our papers and evaluate their appropriateness for publication. Usually, authors welcome constructive criticism and applicable advice on all aspects of their papers offered by reviewers even if they do not follow all suggestions and comments.
As a reviewer I try my best to finish the reviews as soon as possible (in most cases I am asked to finalize the review within four weeks). Very often I think I can help improve a paper, be it the overall organization, the language, or description of theory and methods used to at the results stated. Sometimes I reject the request because I do not have the knowledge needed to seriously review a publication.
As authors we want to get suggestions that are concrete and practical to meet internal or external deadlines. What are your experiences with the review process practiced in the current academic publication setting? Some ideas:
- constructive vs. destructive criticism
- timeliness of review result
- appropriateness of language used by reviewers
- level of understanding the paper under review
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While I'm inclined to sympathize with Afaq's point that the debate may not be conclusive, I believe the topic is worth discussing even if it only affects the behavior of individual reviewers and submitters as they see points of view they may not have previously appreciated.
With regard to the sub-points of the original question:
- I have gotten benefit, in one case great great benefit, even from destructive and occasionally insulting reviews. If the reviewer becomes emotional, I can learn what triggered it and perhaps I may learn more about the underlying beliefs and assumptions that are driving thought in a field. If the reviewer sarcastically dismisses an approach, then I had better either justify the approach more carefully, or find a new one. In one case I did find a new one and an important paper resulted. It is important not to over react. At least the journal editor called for a review. That's first base, and not easy to get on! And at least the reviewer took the time to say something. The worst case is getting told "we have many good submissions and can't get to yours." Then you know you didn't make the cut but get no information. A few journals, even IEEE journals, do not give review feedback because the community is small and there is no way to keep the reviews anonymous. In that case it is essential to write the editor or someone else "in the know" and find out what the objection was.
- Timeliness seems to be getting better in the last few years. A delay means either the editor is having trouble finding a reviewer, or has lost track of your manuscript. A follow up note is advisable after 3 months to make sure it is not the latter. That happened to me once. I had waited nearly a year! In another case, an editor asked me to remind him in about 3 months, and I had to do so 3 times (9 months) as he went through 3 reviewers before he found one who was able to complete the review.
- Most reviewers I've encountered are at least civilized in language, but if they don't like your work of course it comes through between the lines.
- The level of understand is the most difficult area, when new ideas or methods are used in a paper. Papers that make incremental improvements in accepted theory or methods are easier to review and get published more quickly. There is nothing to do here except keep trying to find ways to explain the transition from established thinking to your new methods.
Hope this is helpful to somebody. In addition to publishing in my original field, I have published cross-discipline in two other fields and do not have a PhD in any of them. So believe me, I've seen just about every possible response from a reviewer (including good ones). But it is possible to get through if you keep polishing your work and are willing to change it when you realize a better idea.
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I have collected the data and analysed. But writing discussion is little difficult, as I am looking for pathology in brain for psychological symptoms. Please suggest me as to how the discussion part should be written for a paper. What all contents it should hold ?
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I think that Dr. Heyda has some excellent suggestions. I would also have a section pointing to the strengths of your study, potential limitations and directions for future research.
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I established primary normal cell cultures from human foreskin. Then identifying these cells by ICC method with anti-Vimentin and anti-Cytokeratin19 antibodies. The cell showed positive signal to Vimentin and negative signal to Cytokeratin19 (they was expecting results, because only cancer cells show Cytokeratin19). However, I don't know if the ICC's results are enough to demonstrate normal cells? Are these results enough proof to provide to research journals when I would like to submit a paper?
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What do you mean with normal cells. If your cells are vimentin positive and cytokeratin 19 negative your cells could be fibroblasts (and no epithelial cells). cytokeratin 19 is a marker for epthelial cells. Endothelial cells and muscle cells contain vimentin as well. So it depends what kind of cell type you want to isolate.
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In those journal our paper accepted in 2012, published in 2013. We received their email that Accepted Paper will be Compendex Ei indexed but now in 2013 they are kicked out from Engineering village, now they don't reply and and don't take responsibility even still they are not indexed but written on their website they are indexed. Even though none of their paper is opening in google scholar. the journal belongs to Korea. Not me but many researchers are victim of this case.
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I agree with Ian, the only thing you can do is warn others and name the journal/publisher. Since they can easily change their name it will not help much, though. Look at this page, they maintain a list of suspicious open access journals, maybe your issue fits there as well:
The only option is to really check the journals in advance, being indexed somewhere means nothing, sometimes they state that they supported by some obscure regional IEEE society, or papers will be "submitted" to IEEE explore (... and rejected there), there are many tricks to make it look legitimate. The best way is to check the previous issues of the journal to see if they are accessible, and look for them in the indices to see that they really appear. Ask colleagues which journals they read, if no one knows a journal no one with find/read your article there anyway.
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In 2010 the author noticed that there is no established notation system for the extra components of human dentition i.e supernumerary teeth and a notation system was devised. But even after it satisfied Peer review of 2-3 International Publications this article was not published by the editor/ publisher. Doesn't this article have evidence based research? Will it not help Public health?
I have many more examples of this bias shown by many a International bias against third world researchers
Publication without publication and processing fee ????
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In publishing a research article publishers charge processing fee, and some time in the name of open source publication they charge huge money. Is research publication must not become free from these charges ????
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Dear Sarkar, Your view about these charges is right when we are publishing. But, if you are going to publish then you will feel that this thought is wrong. Because there is nothing free in this world and no one will work for free. In the publication group, there are several person's working in management, publication designing, technical persons, Reviewers (They has to spend their valuable time to review your manuscript- they need to pay accordingly) and lot more person's working behind this publication processing. So, in my opinion these charges must be levied on authors to survive and to distribute your scientific contributions to the community. But, some people using this approach in wrong way to earn money and making it as a business. These journals must be avoided in order to get rid of higher processing and publication charges. Also, there are many reputed, good journals and publishing groups don't leave any processing charges. They only ask for open-access charges once your manuscript is accepted for publication. Even some groups leave this decision to you only in deciding whether your paper has to be open-access or not. So, better you see all these options/charges before going to submit/ publish in any of journal for preventing future issues.
Need help with plagiarism checking tools
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Hi everyone, I am writing a thesis and manuscript, and need to check for plagiarism. Can anybody kindly suggest me good tools to check this.
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Here are some others to try: PlagTracker, Academic Plagiarism Tracker, Viper (at scanmyessay.com), and PlagiarismSoftware.net.
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It is seen that most of the researchers are unable to realize their ideas because
of the lack of funding. So, it is very important to create or ensure a funding
possibility.
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You should have some good and plausible ideas and you have to convince other that you know what you are doing.
So a good concept enhances your chances for funding, but there will never be a guarantee for it. My advice would be that you do each research job you have as good as possible so that people know that they can expect some good results from your work.
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Are you changing your methodological approaches? Are you doing lower-quality research? Are you skipping crucial experiments?
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Dear All,
Until now, I received zero support for my work. This will be continued.
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In writing an article I am refereeing to the materials of another article of mine. Would it be fine if I just include the whole article in my appendix?
I have seen this as a norm in thesis writing.
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Dear Amir, I am afraid, your publisher will reject such a manuscript containing another paper as an appendix. Sometimes It is useful to duplicate in appendix some big figures and tables from your previous papers. But you must be careful with terms of your 'author agreements' in that case.
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I have noticed some people on research gate have up to 30-50% of papers co-authored with the same individual, who also has high overlap with other individuals. Others show relatively minor overlap. You can see this by looking at the Top Authors link and seeing how many publications a top author has co-written with a person. Is this a sign of a truly collaborative partnership, a sign of different standards for co-authorship, or a sign that some researchers are non independent of one another? I ask this because in the Canadian NSERC funding system, individual grants are supposed to be evaluated based on the quality of the researcher. When people always co-author with the same individuals it becomes challenging to assess them as independent from their co-author. What are people's thoughts on this in terms of evaluating single grants to a research lab?
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Thanks for the response. This particular issue is relevant when it comes to evaluating not only scientific couples, but when evaluating tenure or promotion applications in departments where strong collaborations have been forged. Collaboration is good. Collusion, if it is occurring to produce repeated co-authorship, is not. I guess that goes without saying.
What is an Indexed Journal?
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Is ISSN No is not enough for a journal
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I am helping to teach a course on communicating science and through this course, I have come into contact with an absolutely beautiful paper. It is clear, concise, and elegant. I am not at all interested in the subject (it is not the kind of science I do) but the communication is so good that I am still thrilled. I am hoping to find similar quality papers through you all. What is your favorite scientific paper of all time? What is the one you think most clearly got a story across to you? Please do not post your own papers or papers that lack a thorough enough introduction to explain things to a scientist that is not specialized in the field.
The paper I fell for is:
Molecular Computation of Solutions to Combinatorial Problems
Leonard M. Adleman
Science, New Series, Volume 266, Issue 5187 (Nov. 11, 1994), 1021-1024
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This would be my paper of choice. How do ants measure distance? Well the creative design and crisp execution make it my all time favorite. Its simple its clear it tackles a fundamental problem in a beautiful experimental way!
I have a few research papers that I would like to publish, but I haven't had much luck with journals.
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Perhaps I should just wait for conferences and present them? This question is addressed to those of you who have had similar experiences of being rejected by journals; and yet you will not give up because you believe that what you have is worth sharing. Would you care to share your experiences of how you polished up your work and finally got it published? I'm sure there are quite a few of us in the RG community who will be encouraged to press on.
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A few quick pointers to get your papers accepted: 1. Genuine, novel, good quality experiments and results. 2. Choice of appropriate journals. 3. Appropriate technical language. 4. Systematic presentation and non redundancy. 5. Wise choice of keywords, high quality images and appropriate image captions. 6. Should have an excellent introduction (should clearly state how your results can contribute a little bit MORE to the related scientific field. 7. Uniqueness of your research work. 8. No loose ends. 9. Most important of all, u should be able to CORRELATE YOUR RESULTS. The results should be analyzed from different points of view and they should be properly linked. If you make sure that all these points are properly followed, then i guess you can get your paper published.
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I'm looking for more publishers like Elsevier, Springer etc.
I'm a mechanical engineering student working on CFD and IC Engines.
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Go to the website of Inderscience publishers. They have a large number of journals which do not charge and the journals are SCI listed.
What's your favourite LaTeX editor ?
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Do you like LaTeX? Which editor are you working with? I've tried gedit, medit, TeXworks, Kile, TeXStudio, and even Geany, among which I think medit and TeXworks may be the best choices. What's your favourite LaTeX editor?
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While I don't often use LaTeX anymore, I find LyX to be useful. Some of it's templates are not quite what I expected, but as a wysiwyg (what you see is what you get) editor, I find it top notch. the ability to generate .dvi, .pdf, and others is helpful.
Publishing a paper in a conference or in a journal, which is good? Give your suggestions.
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How we can decide that a XYZ paper can be sent to a Reputed conference or in reputed journal, Which is more impactful, a conference or a journal?
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it depends on many factors. first a conference as it is obvious in its name is suitable for ideas that are in earlier phase of development , for discussing the ideas with experts esp. in the workshops of the conference. some of the conferences promise to publish the selected papers in honorable journals but most of them have regular proceedings.there are different types of journals from news journals to isi journals with high impact factors. it really depends on your purpose of publishing a paper. I, personally, prefer to publish the outcomes of my research projects in journals and new ideas in conferences.
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What are the important guidelines for one who wishes to write a review article for publication in a reputable journal for the first time?
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Reviews are tough to write and will take time (sometimes up to a year). Some major points are:
1) Have an outline. Know what your topic is and do not stray to far off the path. It is okay to change your topic to fit papers, but always have and outline and a story to tell.
2) Gather plenty of references, but read each one and determine if the reference fits your topic. The sooner you get rid of the "fat" the better.
3) References should be within 10-15 years of publication. Anything older is probably not cutting edge, but it may also be necessary to site seminal work.
4) Do not forget the leaders in the field. They will read your article.
5) Summarize each paper in a few, concise sentences; giving enough information for the reader to understand who and what you are referencing. DO NOT PLAGIARIZE or directly copy and paste from the original manuscript. Rewrite ideas using your own words.
6) Keep track of all references. People read reviews for the references. Check their
spelling and citations often. Spend at least 2 or 3 days formatting and checking the reference section alone.
Hope this quick guide helps.
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Dissemination may include press releases online and offline. It is because the research should percolate down to the masses to enable them know the utility of ongoing research in their lives.
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What about editorials written by senior faculty/ researchers?
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I would say the order of importance would be:
1. Peer-reviewed scientific publications reporting original research data
2. Peer-reviewed meta-analyses of previously published data
3. Peer-reviewed review papers
4. Editorials
5. Conference proceedings and other non peer reviewed publications
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Can anyone guide me regarding the strategy to perform a meta-analysis of meta-analyses? Why would one want to perform such a meta-analysis? Is there risk of giving undue weightage to certain data, as some studies may have been included in multiple meta-analysis?
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Theoretically meta-analysis of the meta-analyses can be done but the better way is to add individual stuides using the information of the previous meta-analyses. The previous meta-analyses usually gives you the effect sizes of their included studies.
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I used to take my notes on a sheet of paper, then I used end note software for recording bibliographic data of my research sources. I want to take my notes digitally and relate them to the bibliographic metadata.
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It actually depends - do you have an online or offline workflow for your research? There are some good academic and non-academic bookmarking/note taking tools that can help you either ways.
Online Workflow
a. Google scholar - This is where I start my research process often. I will start searching by keywords and start with most cited references. Based on relevancy to my research area, I will then save them to my library for future reference. Also useful to find all the related work of the author.
b. Paperpile - You can add all your references that you come across online, and all will go to your google docs. You can even download to .bib or endnote format as you wish. It’s not free but definitely a tool worth trying out. Google docs integration really makes it easy, as I can have all my references list from different sources in one place.
c. Pocket - Okay, this is a generic bookmarking tool, but you can tag all your research paper articles with the specific tag for future reference. This helps me collect online articles really fast and find my all research tagged sources at one place.
d. Highly - This tool lets you highlight articles online. What’s best about this chrome plugin is that, all your article highlights come as a feed on your highly home page, with the source also listed. Rather than collecting whole articles, it lets you collect part of articles that will help your work. This is really helpful in annotating parts of articles that I could refer back in the future.
Offline Workflow
Okay, so you would have already heard of Mendeley, Zotero etc. Especially if you already know the research papers you want to refer in the future, you can use these desktop softwares to quickly add your references in one place. One good thing about these softwares is that, you can quickly download all references in a .bib or endnote xml format that you can quickly integrate with your writing software.
a. Mendeley - You can search by those recently read, recently added, authors who wrote etc.
b. Zotero - Cleaner interface, easy to export all your references in one click.
In both cases, you can add all research papers to your collection and export them on to MS Word or Typeset when you are ready to start writing.
Few more I have heard of but haven’t used though - Papers, EndNote
Please introduce me the "Research Tools" that you find it interesting and helpful in assisting the researcher.
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"Research Tools" http://www.mindmeister.com/39583892/research-tools-by-nader-ale-ebrahim
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You may find over 700 tools in the "Research Tools Mind Map" http://www.mindmeister.com/39583892/research-tools-by-nader-ale-ebrahim This Mind Map is designed to help students who seek to reduce the search time by expanding the knowledge of researchers to more effectively use the "tools" that are available through the Net.
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The peer-review process is a crucial step in the modern scientific positive method. Often, academic journals use single-blind peer-reviews, where the name of the reviewers are not revealed to the authors of the submitted papers. However, one can find several drawbacks in this method. Here, we focus on the following drawback: referees may not spend enough time to do their review on a paper.
Obviously one does not have any statistics on the number of “botched reviews” – even characterizing what a “botched review” is seems to be delicate. However, it seems rather clear that a totally blind peer-review process leaves some space for some “laziness” from the reviewers. (In my field of research for instance – theoretical physics – I have seen published papers with computational errors from the first to the second equation of a manuscript – which would not have been possible if the referee(s) would have derived the equations in order to verify them.)
Of course, talking about “laziness” for voluntary works is ambiguous – and probably not deserved. However, the step of peer reviewing is crucial for the effectiveness of the scientific method. Therefore, one should try to avoid any lack of work during this crucial step of Science.
However, the question is: how to motivate such a dedication for a pure voluntary work?
Some may think about remuneration as a possible solution. Here we follow another idea.
A solution one can think about is the following:
Once a paper is accepted, the name of the referees who did accept the paper could be revealed within the content of the published version of the paper.
As far as I can see, it keeps all the reasons why one may want to use blind peer-reviews; but it enhances the process for the following reasons:
1/ Necessarily, it imposes the referees to be very cautious when accepting a paper. Indeed, their names being associated to a paper, they risk their reputations if the paper has severe verifiable mistakes in it. Therefore, it obligates referees to be, during their reviewing work, as cautious as they would be for their own research.
2/ It gives a recognition to the work of the referees who may have spent a big amount of time to read and check papers. Eventually, it could be a new source of reputation for researchers who participate in several different ways to the elaboration of our scientific knowledge. (Let us note that recognizing referees already seems to be a new trend in scientific publishing: see for instance the “outstanding referees” list of the APS journals (http://publish.aps.org/OutstandingReferees?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=spring-newsletter2013))
Possible drawbacks:
I imagine one possible drawback of doing so: referees could become less inclined to accept cutting edge research papers. However, I think this drawback may be counter-balanced by the will of researchers of having their own names (somehow) associated to a cutting edge discovery (through the revelation of the referees' names in the published version of a paper).
Your comments:
I would like to hear your comments upon this proposal. Whether you think it is a good or a bad idea, I just would like to know what the reasons are. Also, please indicate your field of research as this proposal might not be adequate for every field of research.
Thank you for your time and your attention!
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I am in Theoretical Physics as well. I think you are making a good point in calling attention on this topic, and trying to solve it with positive proposals; I also never thought at your solution, which I find very original, although, as you have already pointed out, the drawback is a risky one; for some reason that at the moment is obscure, referees are already little inclined to accept cutting-edge research papers, and if this trend should also become justified, there would be no cutting-edge research papers at all in a while. In a moment in which we need flow of new ideas, blocking all high-risk/high-reward papers is counter-productive. Also, we cannot afford to pay referees, since there seem to be little money for the research itself; nor can we hope that people are willing to accept the referee task offered by a journal and actually do the job, because people must accept when offered to referee, since it makes some CV entry, but they do not necessarily have time to referee it, since there is other to do. Put like that seems bad indeed.
However, it is even worse than that: even when the referee accept the offer of refereeing a paper and he is actually not lazy, we are still left with the fact that a single person, or at most a couple of people, have the task to judge your work; now the idea of having your worked, which might account for months of your career, blocked by the action of a few persons, whom might not be lazy but could simply be incompetent or merely honestly mistaken, is certainly not democratic. The situation for which some colleagues or competitors have the unilateral power to negatively affect you work without you could be able to defend yourself, if not affect them back, is obviously not a "peer" review process.
So, I like the fact that you put the problem on the table, to which I wanted to pile up some more; however, differently from you, I got no suggestion on how to improve it.
Maybe I will be back with something in a while.
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Which of them do you think have more possibilities in the future?
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Rafael,
I agree when you say that cites mean that academics read your work. But the other option (impact factor) is based on cites too, although it is based on journal cites and individual article cites. But, on the other hand, there are some examples in that a very bad paper is extremely cited exactly because it is so bad... One alternative is to develop a citation index that could be sensible to that.
Regarding the reviewer power to accept/reject your work based on what so ever policy, it does not change from subscription to open access journal. The peer review process remains a black box where a excelent work can be rejected by a bad reviewer (which is not so good, because it will be accepted in other journal) and a paper full of mistakes can be accepted by the same reviewer. I believe that the reviewr names should be published when they accept a paper, to associate their names to their decision.
Open access, in my view, will limit the information available to those who have good research budgets from one side and, which is much more important, it already is transforming the publication of a paper in a business without quality. I receive a lot of invitations monthly to publish papers, book chapters and to be speaker in conferences. Of course, that is always a small fee of about U$ 1000,00 to that. Am I a so great researcher to by so invited? No, of course! By thay find your name through searches on the internet and invite everyone who has the name linked to one subject ou keyword and send invitations. Is it not a fishing technique? Is this science that we want? My institution pays those fees if I have a paper accepted, but since they are so desperate to get authors, do you believe that a bad paper will be rejected and they will give up the publication fee?
I have serious doubts about that...
Being a researcher; Do you think your Superevisor is providing you enough guidence?
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?
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Not that much, but am getting adapted!, I believe the problem is what you expect as a young researcher, from your supervisor..high expectations could be disappointing sometimes. The important issue is having a supervisor that understand your actual capabilities, to be smart enough to give you the correct guidance that you really need. What you really need from a supervisor is how to develop your critical thinking, delivering his/her experience to be capable of troubleshooting within your research topic. The goal of supervising is NOT ONLY about learning techniques thesis wise ,its about developing students to be supervisors as well one day.At the same time young researchers should be also aware to what extent the supervisor will help, it requires to slightly understand his/her personality itself. In general,They have to feel that you spend effort & try so hard to think independently before you go nag them which will in return motivate them to help you alot. But still if a supervisor is not capable of finishing their students in a defined time for any reason. it's his/her responsibility not only the student. I personally respect if the supervisor can't deal with a certain student for any reason , to refer them to other supervisors instead of just wasting time. Final message: DO NOT expect much & do whatever it takes to get help! :)
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Does an increase in the number of co-authors have a negative effect on the impact of the first author or the corresponding author? Is the total impact factor of the paper equally distributed among the authors of the paper? What is the actual belief prevalent in the scientific community on this matter? Does the scientific weightage of the research paper depend on the number of coauthors also?
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Well speaking generally, it depends upon the "quantity of material" in the study not on quality. For example, if a study took place in multiple centres, data is gathered by various clinicians in different hospitals for identification of gene polymorphism, or a questionnaire based cross sectional study is conducted in students of many universities by various persons, paper editor and statistical analysis were done by different persons then it is justified to have increased number of authors. Usually this type of multi centre studies have huge sample size and are published in high impact factors holding journals. But if sample size is small, study is not multi centre, then having large number of authors creates doubt.
2- Impact factor is not divided among authors for calculation of their own individual impact factors or for mentioning in CV... But some award distributing agencies divide impact factor a paper by total number of authors to produce merit list for granting awards.
3- If a paper is published in "nature" and it has 15 authors then no one will think of decreasing the weightage of that paper due to high number of authors but if a paper is published in a paper having impact factor 0.58 and has 9 authors then some one can think why 9 authors when 4 authors could do that "quantity" of work. Scientific weightage in real sense is not dependent on number of co authors, its actually the impact factor. but "moral weightage" can decrease
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It is becoming common to see mistakes in some published papers.
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Hi Essam
I also observe the same ...as mentione by you.....in such case I usually communicate the errors to the Editors of the Journal..so that it can be corrected..
bye
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It is becoming common to see this phenomenon in manuscripts sent to us by some journals to make decisions.
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Docoloc is great. I would also recommend the VIPER software for detecting falsification and plagiarism. You can check it on http://www.scanmyessay.com/. Its free.
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Explanation about the delay in replying to a paper request.
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If experimental work was done at institute 1 and then the first author moved to institute 2 (where he exploited data and wrote the article), what should be the affiliation of this author in the article? Institute 1 or 2?
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"The affiliation should reflect the author's current and primary employment."
As I am unaware of this practice (or possible convention), I would be incline to think differently and to first ask the following questions:
1/ Does the journal where you intend to publish have any policy on the subject?
2/ (more important) Does your institution(s) have any policy on the subject? (which is highly possible.)
If not, then the choice "The affiliation should reflect the author's current and primary employment" seems to be arbitrary (or conventional).
If not conventional, in the situation described by Azaad Khan, the choice that the affiliation should reflect the author's current and primary employment seems to be unfair for the institution who mostly contributed to the result (through salaries and/or equipments and/or etc.).
Therefore, for fairness (and considering that the question cannot be solved by looking at the policies of institutions/journals; nor by conventions), why the affiliation should not reflect the average of time spent on a given paper in every institutions where the research has been conducted? (as a whole: experiments/preparations/calculations/getting data/meetings/conferences/writing the paper.)
Example: I spent three years in institution A to work on this project and 1 year in institution B. Then my primary institution in the paper is A and my secondary institution is B.
Otherwise, it is also important to notice that conventions may change from one field of research to the other. Therefore, you might want to search for conventions in your area of research by asking your peers.
Invite to submit papers (Open Access)
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The Journal of Biotechnology and Biodiversity is accepting submissions in the areas: Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology, Health Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Biological and Applied Sciences, Food/Feed Science and Technology, Biodiversity and Chemistry. The link for this journal is: http://revista.uft.edu.br/index.php/JBB Journal of Biotechnology and Biodiversity - JBB is an international journal that publishes original articles of research, short notes and review articles. There are no fees to publish in JBB. The norms for prepare of the manuscripts are at: http://revista.uft.edu.br/index.php/JBB/about/submissions#authorGuidelines Doubts can be asked for me: clonageinvitro@yahoo.com.br
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I am searching for good journals in medical image processing please suggest me good journals
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Dear Sir,
There are many good journals in this field, such as;
(1) Medical Image Analysis:
(2) BMC Medical Imaging:
(3) Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics:
(4) Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences:
(5) IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging:
(6) Journal of Digital Imaging:
Also, I will update you when once I found others...
Best Regards,
Saeed
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The publishers are earning big money on our work - even ask ourselves for extra money to be paid to them for extra pages or full color pictures ... while we THE authors get absolutely nothing. Instead, we are even asked to pay the subscription to the journal we are publishing! Would this make sense to a book-writer?
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There are several issues to that.
(1) In fact, in Germany it is possible to receive some payment for publications, through something that is called "VG Wort". They go around all the publishers and collect royalties. You may sign up with them and get your share from the number of papers you published; the cost of a journal enters, the number of subscriptions, the number of total papers, etc. I don't know any German scientist who is really signed up with VG Wort and collects royalties. A friend of mine 20 years ago did this and got a couple bucks for a couple papers. If everybody does that, the cake is divided up to feed more mouths, and hence any royalty will be down to a few cents only.
(2) As long as we as researchers get decent pay (e.g., from governmental funding agencies, our universities, etc.) I think we should not get paid for publications. Some university managers will be happy about your idea, and one might even propose to cut you base salary by, say, 200$ per month, and introduce a bonus system where you get, say, 50$ more each month for each paper you have published in the past year. So if you publish more than 4 papers per year, you will be better off, otherwise you will have less. If you like that: There are universities that established such a bonus system. I think that this is not helpful because the number of publications is fluctuating and it increases the general "publish-or-perish" mentality. Researchers will be, e.g., less interested in R&D for new equipment in their field, and the number of publication varies strongly with your field of research.
(3) I think the fact that some publishers are making big money from our work (and we pay the subscriptions, as well) will ultimately lead to a change in publication policy, towards "open source" or at least non-profit publishers (e.g., in physics: American Physical Society, Insitute of Physics, ...). In order to get there, our funding sources (universities, govt. agencies, industry...) need to be convinced that such a system merits support and that ultimately the cost for a peer-reviewed open-access publication will be less than publishing free of charge and then making the universities and libraries pay for the journal subscription. Any open access option can only "fly" if the fees are paid for by the funding agency.
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I am going to write an article now based on my previous work. My work is based in silico drug designing for infectious disease. I don't have any experience with writing research articles? Can anyone help me?
Are there basic outlines / points which should be keep in mind while writing any research article?
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I will add some things here which once my supervisor told me to remember while writing the original research article.
1. Title and abstract are very important for every article which attracts the attenstion and interest of the reader, and specially if reviewer likes the title and abstract, then he/she develops positive attitude towards your paper.
2. Your introduction should be relevant and precise giving enough background about the work you are going to show in your paper. Avoid too descriptive and unnecessary text.
3. Last paragraph of your introduction section should talk about important results of your work
4. Pay very much attention to your 'DISCUSSION' section and try to avoid repeating the sentenses from 'RESULTS' section here. Discussion is the place where you compare your data with already published work and draw your correlation or so..
5. Conclusion from your study and hint for future work is also desirable.
I hope these points could be of help in addition to what basic info Om has provided here.
How does one facilitate Google referrals?
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I want to increase my RG score.
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Topics is intended for research-related questions and answers. If you have questions relating to your ResearchGate account, feedback, or suggestions, please get in touch with us here: https://www.researchgate.net/application.Contact.html
When selecting a journal to submit a paper, do you search for Editors or for Journals?
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In order to publish successfully in journals, the greatest effort should be made to find the right editor, not the right journal, although they are both inter-related. http://gaudeamusacademia.com/
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I am looking for an example of how the appendices are structured using APA. I would prefer a visual example as I am confused about how to label each table and figure correctly.
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It´s easy, theres a option in word, where it says, attach new references, and there you click. That´s all, or you can go to tutorial youtube videos. 
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I recently did a google search on the title of one of my conference papers and was directed to a website for a Chinese heavy machinery manufacturing company. This was a bit strange since the article focused on the development of an expert system for payrolls at a power company which cited prior pilot systems at an aluminium smelting company.
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Your report has an appendix which gives the interesting logic(?!) of overtime rates. This would be of interest to any social worker. It would even be of interest to any heavy machinery manufacturer who wants to improve its competitiveness, apart from smelting companies. Like most people, the Chinese were interested in a social part, not the whole of your report. It was not inappropriate.
Sadly such social "citations" do not count towards boosting your index of research reputation!
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I would like to know what category to apply in a congress
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@Kusum, the essential parameter for review papers is a new/distinct view on all the literature available on your review topic. What methods do the studies use, how are they organised, any common rubrics? Work out new overall insight.
There may be many papers to review or only 21, but be sure you cover all relevant sources. You don't want to get caught falling short of references, especially of the important ones (those that are cited).
Where i find my publications?
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I not find my published research paper
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Many thanks for your post. Topics is intended for research-related questions and answers. If you have questions relating to your ResearchGate account, feedback, or suggestions, please get in touch with us here: https://www.researchgate.net/application.Contact.html
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Peer review is a learning experience, a way to build yor network and an obligation to stay updated in your reserach field.
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To some extent it may help, but the quality of the paper and contents does matter the most.
Want to be a Research paper reviewer or Journal Editor?
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If you want to be a voluntary research reviewer/editor for our newly opened journal. then send your profile at: miteenali@gmail.com. It can enhance research a lot. P.S: it is voluntary based.
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Journal name is: International Journal of Academic and Scientific Research registered under Quality Lead Global Institute. Website: www.ijasr.org.
Do you know that there are fake journals?
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I have simply written "fake journals" in google and I have gotten a large list of them. Try yourself.
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I've using Word since so many years, but new to LaTeX, and starting seems difficult as there are a lot of commands. Is LaTeX is really better than word?
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Hi researchers
Every software is good when you master it. For me I like MS Word very much.
regards.
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If an experiment measured different things which are hard to connect to each other (for example, if an experiment tests memory and measured proteins in hippocampus and some are neuronal specific, some are adhesive molecule, some has role in apoptosis, some are vesicular proteins, some receptors etc...) should the paper include only those proteins which has some connection to each other, can go some in supplementary data, or what you would be suggest?
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Is it possible to detect the real time ATM card fraud detection using data warehouse based system. I've upto one million transaction dataset in the Oracle database & I need to prepare a fraud detection model based on the dataset available. If it's possible, I'd like to request to provide some links for related research papers.
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Hi Jivan
There are various papers available from a google search. One which I've read and am busy applying to other financial data is by Wiese and Omlin 2011:
"Credit Card Transactions, Fraud Detection, and Machine Learning: Modelling Time with LSTM Recurrent Neural Networks"
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Perhaps one way is to identify the important bullet points based on experience.
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Every journal has a different spectrum of readers with varying fields of interests.
Independent of the journal, a good question and a stunning way to give a surprising answer may refresh reviewers as well as readers. If you read several journal articles and you feel stimulated: then this is your journal. Find out where you belong to. Size and quality of your data may be differently seen by others though.
Submit after thoroughly studying the authorship comments. If your submission is accordingly, reviewers are able to give helpful critique. Take comments as opportunity to improve your manuscript. 
You may find good articles in Pubmed (PMC) with keywords "publishing medical journal", but the best is an experienced scientific author whom you trust and who trusts you. He may guide you this long and arduous way.
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I came across Index copernicus value, Global Impact factor, IIFR , JC etc .Can anyone suggest which Impact factor to be considered best?
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The IF was devised by Paul Garfield, and (therefore?) has lead to lazy behaviour of such organizations as committees reviewing serious researchers' achievements.
But @Neha wants to know about the impact of journals not individuals. And I wonder why? A journal is a journal. And we are we. Don't go for IF, if it isn't necessary for your career. Instead, go for honest Open Access with a sound review process. People blame OA journals of misbehaviour, but you can do the same for 'respected' journals that pimp their IF with review articles, which often are cited more often than plain studies.
Another problem with IF is that it relates much on the field of study you want to publish for.
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The accumulation of power in indexed journals and the competition amongst the academics, are creating a class struggle?
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Hi Rafael. You comment above clarifies the point you want to make.
One reason why I didn't get this before is that I would not define the owners of the publishing houses as scholars, they are business people plain and simple and academic publishing is Big Business with some of the greatest profit margins found in any business sector (20-50%; see e.g. http://www.nature.com/news/open-access-the-true-cost-of-science-publishing-1.12676).
Scholars are the researchers and professors working in academia, and there's no "civil war" going on between scholars, literally or otherwise ;-).
However, I completely agree with you that the system of academic publishing needs restructuring. At the moment, we're paying two or even three times for publishing our data. An example is the top journal in my research field - Endocrinology. First , some of the overhead costs taken off my research grants will go to paying the horrendously high subscription fee for this journal in our academic library. Then, when I publish a paper in it, I need to pay 115$ per page in page charges. Then, as the journal is basically non OA journal, and we're being indoctrinated that everything has to be published as OA, the journal has an OA option. If I pay additional 3000$, my paper will be OA.
So we're definitely being screwed, but not by other scholars, but by ruthless business people who see a huge opportunity of making a fortune in a system where we not only pay for the subscriptions, the pages and the OA, but write the papers for free and review them for free!
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Research journals want original contributions not published elsewhere before. It is common to share results in conferences where the paper would appear in their published proceedings. Can we still send the articles to journals after the research is completed?
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yes but you should add some more results with more details and without any plagiarism
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The replacement of hygiene and food packaging will be important in new life. The new biomass-based renewable materials will be used for packing materials with optimal mechanical properties, and usage of these materials improves earth`s critical situations. The best option is paper and cardboard, and it can create necessary capabilities with different ways. Coating technologies, nano-cellulose fibers, chemical modification of wood fiber, lignin and hemicelluloses derivatives, methods of chemical vapor deposition and atomic layer deposition, surface-plasma and corona treatments, modified starches, proteins and other biological materials can be used instead of nonrenewable derivatives materials. The new plan is biodegradable coatings on paperboards, which coatings can be completed with two or several layers for barrier and printing properties. These coatings would be enhanced printability and recyclability; also coated substrates can be suitable for protection of packaging mechanical properties.
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Many academics review articles for journals without any real support from their institution. We are rarely given any time to do this and end up squeezing the time taken to review articles into already busy schedules. I feel that I really benefit from being a reviewer and that it is important for academics to work together to develop and maintain a rigorous peer-review process, but where is the support?
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Yes. The trouble is that the universities do not even ask for a count how many journal articles you referee. Nor do the universities get subsidies on based on how many you referee. Industry does not even know that refereeing happens. Yet refereeing requires quality time for research and writing, which always seems to be left out of so-called performance appraisals and so-called workload management.
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As plagiarism is a major issue, the scientific community faces across the world, I want to know if there are any free tools or websites which are authentic and detect plagiarism with ease and high accuracy.
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Somebody on another RG thread recommended http://smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker/ I rather like it.
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A conference paper presentation gives you a platform to interact with people of the same field but journal publication is generally considered superior especially with a good impact factor. What do you think?
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In my point of view, I think that we can gain useful and novel ideas from both proceedings and Journal papers. However, each of them has a couple advantages and drawbacks.
+ Advantages of Conference Paper (Proceedings): (1) takes short time for feedback (Nearly one or two months depends on the conference). (2) Presenting the work done so far. (3) Interacting with international audience working in the same field. (4) Negotiation and feedbacks.
+ Advantages of Journal Papers: (1) frequently peer-reviewed (i.e. the paper will carefully evaluated for errors and possibly rewritten a couple of times). (2) Higher Impact Factor compared to Proceedings. (3) High quality papers with deep analysis. (4) Useful Feedback from reviewers, etc…
+ Drawbacks of Journal Papers: (1) takes longer time for feedback (nearly a year in some high impact factor journals). (2) Research topic may become outdated as a result of publication delayed.
+ Drawbacks of Conference Paper (Proceedings): (1) some conferences take whatever you send them if you participated in the event. (2) Less feedback from reviewers, etc…
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In how many years should the PhD be awarded?
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Every institution has different time period however overall it is 3-5 years
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I'm working on my mini-thesis final project; a statistics-specific search engine.
Now I'm doing a feature for searching on research paper, and pdf file concerning to statistical domain.
I am in need of some search APIs (then I can do some classification to cut-down the results into statistics-related only). I have tried Microsoft Academic Search and Google Book. Now I need additional APIs for source.
Are there any other search APIs for research paper and pdf file?
Thanks.
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Coming here from my search for ResearchGate API. If this is still a thing for someone - go check Crossref API, you can query their index of scientific publications and even retrieve the pdf texts for some.
API doc>
Nice R interface>
Nice Py interface>
Any problem in uploading own papers to ResearchGate from an open access journals?
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Related to copyright issue
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Topics is intended for research-related questions and answers. If you have questions relating to your ResearchGate account, feedback, or suggestions, please get in touch with us here. https://www.researchgate.net/application.Contact.html
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I am searching for a paper that contains the origin of an approach. but when I searched in internet, I couldn't find it as PDF format.
What is the solution to access papers like this?
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At many universities they offer so called "inter librarian loan" - don't know if that's available, that helps a lot for hardcopies and publications you can't find. Also check if you can find the authors email address and contact them for a copy.
In your case, just search the journal title on Google - go on the Journal website - search the Archive.. and you'll find that they got it free of charge. Takes about 3 minutes.
It is legal to upload own articles copyrighted by the publishers on ResearchGATE?
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I would like to share my publications with who is interested, but I am not aware of the legal provisions in this regard.
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This question was already discussed in RG several times (see link below). As it always is in law: it depends... ;) https://www.researchgate.net/post/Is_a_ResearchGate_profile_an_authors_personal_web_site
Need articles
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22781320 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924857909005159 http://aac.asm.org/content/57/4/1926.full.pdf+html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21644082 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08927014.2012.714372?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed#.Uabm19I0RFp http://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-200767030-00003 http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2010/np/b804469b http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-010-2468-8 It will be of great help for me. Thank you very much.
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Hi, Find the enclosed article. Goodluck:) cheers
Do you go crazy looking for the right journal for your papers when you need to publish?
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At the end it turns out to be like going hunting journals, there are thousands of call for papers that come to your e-mail and many web pages where to go, and eventually as always you have to analyze each journal: its indexation and field of knowledge.
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I wouldn't say crazy Rafeal - but I think I know what you mean. A decade or so ago - I would generally submit to a handful of 'target' journals. Some of those journals are not so 'elite' now, usually because of a change of publishing houses and/or editors - so are not my automatic choices now. However, the proliferation of 'new' journals (often online) means that it is often difficult to gauge which journals,to submit to.