Questions related to Research Methods
Drainage ditches are useful for draining out excess surface as well as subsurface runoff. Other than this suggest the measures, research, methods, techniques, etc.
I need a complete thesis based on CASE STUDY METHOD.
Research should be carried out in multiple organizations.
I have a question concerning how to classify this research approach. Let me give you the context:
A couple of colleagues and I found that a particular topic was showing itself to be particular tricky to teach in a classroom environment, thus we spent last year collecting literature on the topic and end up developing a theoretical framework for how to address the issue. We now plan to test our framework by implementing it in an undergrad classroom course that one of us is teaching.
Now here is the thing, we come from a social science background, and we intend to initially approach this effort qualitatively (through observation and semi structured interviews with participants). Thus, my initial reaction would be, from a methodological standpoint, to maybe call this a case study (see Yin, Merriam, Stake, etc.). However, considering that the person implementing the framework (and teaching the course) is also one of the researchers who developed it, can this still be called a case study? Or should it be considered something else? I've heard people suggest Action Research, Participatory Research, or event "a participant observer Case Study" but I'm not quite sure if this is quite it as well.
Any help would be appreciated, thank you.
Obs.: we are well aware of potential bias, and depending on the results of this first phase we then might, later on, run this again, this time as a more controlled experiment, comparing the framework version classroom outcomes’, against the ones from a "non-framework" one.
Evaluation for epistemological and ontological differences between different research methodologies and
Evaluate the strength and weakness of variety of business and management research methods
I am conducting a hierarchical regression with 4 IVs: anxious attachment score, avoidant attachment score, trauma score and gender.
I wanted to test interactions which gave me 6 1x1 interactions, 4 1x1x1 interactions and 1 1x1x1x1 interaction, giving me 4 steps/models.
When I ran this through SPSS the 1x1x1x1 interaction along with several others was included in 'excluded variables'. When I ran the regression with step 3 and 4 combined (so only 3 steps overall) the 1x1x1x1 interaction was not excluded, but I feel like I shouldn't run it this way (although I'm not sure why, it just doesn't feel quite right).
If I use the initial regression with 4 steps, how do I report the excluded variables? Or would I just not include those in the analysis? I don't want to completely exclude my 1x1x1x1 interaction as that is the one I thought I would be most interested in.
My dissertation is due in around 10 days so my brain has melted a bit and I'm not sure if I'm just being silly here. But I have reached the point where these numbers just look like nonsense to me and I am concerned that I will miss a trick and report completely incorrect data and lose a lot of marks for my results section. Any help would be greatly appreciated!
I am trying to find a good source book of qualitative research methods includes wide ranges of qualitative research methods and techniques not research epistemology or ontology. most of qualitative research books focus on the ontology or epistemology.
I used up almost 18 years to answer this hard question. Perhaps my new paper might give some hints. Any golden advice from experts in research paradigms and methodology?
Kwok, P. L. Y. (2022). A social cartographic mapping of research paradigms: Opening up space for new directions. Asian Qualitative Inquiry Journal, 1(1), 1-15.
Ethno-botanical research work is the mostly carried out research that helps us to identify any plants part used in rural people life . But, what about the effective and efficient research methods ?
I have a question . we want to do the research about the comparing two Countries about education system .and we just collect data from the website of organization and books .But I don't find the research Methods for that. it is my first research to do the qualitative methods.
I would appreciate your help. I am writing my thesis based on a case study for which I had the chance to visit the place and also be part of a stakeholder dialogue event. My question is related to: how can I include this in my methodology part and also in the finding sections?
Any help is appreciated :)
#qualitativeresearch #stakeholderdialogue #methods
I would be interested in what you see as the advantages and disadvantages of mixed-methods research in the social sciences. Do you do research with a mixture or combination of e.g. qualitative and quantitative research? Do you combine different quantitative or qualitative methods?
What challenges do you face (e.g., sampling, implementation, scope) and where do you see the limitations of the combination?
I'm looking for a tool Tool for operationalizing variables into indicators into questions to be used in a questionnaire? This tool could be a directory, search engine etc...
Here's the background story
I need a questionnaire for an impact evaluation of a school (the variables include creativity, loyalty, job prospects). The test sample are about 150-300 alumni of the school. The school sample are alumni of other schools .
This is a new task for me so would appreciate some tips/ideas/resources on how to address it. The budget for this task is not high so we're not expecting super accuracy.
In order to create this questionnaire, I can :
1- Find a previous questionnaire for a similar study (impact of a school on values, attitudes, etc.. )
2- Choosing a couple of item questions from a group of questionnaires from already established scales/measures or previous studies (mix and match exercise).
3- Converting each variable into an indicator and each indicator into a question or two, but there has to be a precedent in the literature for this. For example, if I want to operationalize creativity by the strangeness of thoughts I have per day and the question as
: How often do you have strange thoughts per day?, then I need to point to a study that has done the same. (perhaps there's a tool or resources for this)
I appreciate your thoughts.
I have identified numerous barriers to the transition to circular economy from literature and I want to quantify the identified barriers
Hi, I am writing a project on the impact of COVID 19 on consumer buying behaviour and initially i was going to use a qualitative research method coupled with a secondary data collection but i noticed from most of the available research online, scholars have used various methods such as quantitative, mixed method etc to approach their objectives. What i would like to know pls is what is the best research method to approach my topic, should i use a systematic literature review and do i necessarily need a peer group to carry on with this, if so what are the best alternative option available. A reply will be much appreciated as i have a limited time to carry out this research
I am currently teaching a subject, which we call Research Practice, to Y10 students. In the classes, we study how to write a research plan, how to organize references, and how to conduct research, among others.
Is there anyone with this kind of experience with secondary education students? Do you know any articles or other sources about this topic?
Thank you for your attention and collaboration,
I have been trying to understand research paradigms (neo- positivism, interpretivism/social construction and critical realism) for a few days now, and I've been reading a number of resources, primarily Blaikie and priest's Social research: Paradigms in action (2017), and Tracy's Qualitative research method. In Blaikie and priest, they say that paradigms are used at the level of explanation, but when I read Tracy's work, I get the impression that paradigms come into play at the level of description as well. These various descriptions creates more confusion for me. At what level of research do these paradigms come into play?
In addition to this, I have been reading many articles that does no seem to follow the descriptions of the paradigms strictly. Are there some researches that don't usually follow?
In light of these two, do you think that survey research follows these paradigms?
Looking forward to reading your views and thought.
For my research methods class, we are working on a replication plus extension of Vohs's 2006 study, "The Psychological Consequences of Money." We are attempting to identify problems in the paper, one of them being the impact of culture on participant behavior. Does anyone happen to know any paper on the subject? Perhaps studying the impact of cultural background on the alterations in behavior from money primes, or the impact of cultural background on sociability. If anyone happens to know any papers highlighting any problem in the original paper, it would be much appreciated.
I need some guidance on choosing a good method for my master's thesis (we are really struggling, thank you in advance!!). Shortly described, we want to analyze the impact/effectiveness of a particular strategic framework on the sustainability performance of businesses that have used it. Basically, we will ask some questions to the companies that used it, ask when they implemented it, how long they used it, who was assigned for the implementation (middle or upper management), if they hired a consultant or not, etc.
Then, we will go into their sustainability reports and see how certain indicators changed after the implementation and over time (CO2 emissions, water usage, energy usage, etc.).
We will combine the data from both approaches to draw conclusions on the effectiveness of the framework to make businesses more sustainable.
I think that because we will use quali + quanti data, the research type is mixed (right?).
With that said, we are having a hard time defining what "research approach and research method" we are going to use. Especially for the qualitative part. I come from an engineering background and there I did not have to establish my "epistemological and theoretical assumptions" (This would be the research approach. The research method would be something like "thematic analysis". If I understood correctly.)
So here I am asking for help. Any guidance would be highly appreciated.
PD: Should we also incorporate into the study a control group? (a set of companies that did not use the particular strategic framework)
Given the progress made in the applications of decision-making, optimal planning, and the use of operations research methods, in your opinion, what are the areas of application of operations research in the security and military aspect
Investigating the impact of one variable to the other in educational studies
Our lab is conducting a research project about Asian-American families. We are investigating Asian-American families' well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic, specifically, their experience of racial discrimination, their parent-child relationships, and their children's development. So far we manage to contact churches, organizations, and school communities, but we still need more Philippine and Korean teenagers (12-18 years old) and parents to participate. Any suggestions to help us recruit? I appreciate your help.
One of the most valuable pieces that contribute to psychology is research. Research helps us elucidate the why and how, of theories used to understand human behavior. There are several types of research methods in psychology, some methods include Experimental, Survey, Correlational & Archival Research. These methods involve testing variables, which are known as behaviors, events, or other characteristics that can change, or vary, in some way. When conducting research, some test may be repeated using different research methods. According to Dr. Saul McLeod of Simply Psychology "if a measurement is repeated and the same result is obtained then it is described as being reliable." Therefore, to ensure they obtain reliable and accurate results, a scientist may use various types of research methods.
I am looking for information and various methods on displaying trade-offs between different systems by using indicators and related data.
Dear fellow researchers, I would like to design an experiment related to relationships and bonding, which involves measuring the level of oxytocin in humans. So, could you please share the best way to measure the oxytocin level? Is there any Neuroimaging for measuring hormones level? Thank you very much!
I am seeking a very good free online source for 'Research Methods' please (for qualitative and quantitative). Your assistance in finding out such a source would be greatly appreciated.
What are the steps in scientific Research process Which can be Automated and How?
One can answer according to your specific Discipline/Subject Area of Research.
Generally automation is used to avoid repetitive manual tasks in any Industry.
If you think this question can be framed better, kindly suggest.
Foresters usualy use a clinometer to calculate the tree height. These can be quite expensive to buy, but I don't know if using smartphone apps is accurate enough for measure canopy height. Do you recommends using automatic clinometer apps for field research ?
I have a question about normalisation of results on composite indicator.
I am not sure is it methodologically sound to normalise result on a composite indicator?
The situation is as follows.
I have a composite indicator of civic competence and for getting composite score different scales with respective weighting are used.
My dilemma is this: should every scale be normalised and then composite indicator score calculated or it is alright to normalise only results on composite indicator?
Thanks everyone in advance
The Effect of the Black Arts Movement on the Evolution ot Black Identity by Njeri Williams?
Any recommendations for a good "Research Methods" textbook suitable for Geography undergraduates? Which textbooks do you like? Or any recommendations for open source online research methods textbooks?
My dissertation is on analysing particular processes/technology for the specific field and my suggestions for improvement.
- What are the challenges if my study uses a descriptive research approach through a narrative review using thematic analysis?
- Does it come under a theoretical or conceptual framework?
- Any suggestion on alternative research methods that can be done in a short time?
N.B. I am new to research and sorry if I mentioned anything wrong.
The question is about contributions of research methods that help to unravel or tackle social or political issues in Ghana
Pandemic has a huge impact on everything including human, organizations and government policies. If a research is designed before the on going pandemic it was assumed that when the data would be collected the usual business would be the same, however, it has been changed enormously affecting the normality. Would a model constructed before the pandemic will still be relevant, explaining the variation. Or it requires a different model incorporating the pandemic factor to better explain the variation?
I have created a mind map of a literature review on How Ontology, Epistemology And Axiology Relate To Develop New Knowledge Through Research Methodology And Research Design.
The summary is at :
I want critical comments on my thoughts.
The outline of the finding is as follows and you can follow the above link for a more clear image.
Please refer following links of ideas and make critics;
· I found that any research needs to add new knowledge
· That knowledge is resulted from answering a question/s or/and finding a solution/s
· Each problem or solution has its ontology, epistemology, and axiology
· The ontology, epistemology and axiology collectively form a research philosophy while those influence developing research questions or hypotheses or a mix of both regarding the problem or solution.
· As the research philosophy and questions/hypothesis origin from the same sources to both should be conceptually related to each other.
· Then research design is formulated to answer those research questions or hypotheses or a mix of both
· same time the research methodology is underpinning the particular research’s ontology, epistemology, axiology and philosophy continues
· Then research design and research methodology both make the selection of approach in theory development. As well, research design and research methodology make and formulate the rest of the steps in the research.
· After that, the steps are clear. However, the selections of methodological choices, strategies, data collection techniques and analysis techniques are interrelated decisions.
· Finally, all these activities resulted in new knowledge
I came across to a relatively new theoretical frame work in Political science. I want to see how researchers are actually using it in their research.
Where are the main databases where I can see examples of the framework usage? I already tried cited papers in Google Scholar and ScienceDirect but the results weren’t enough.
Can you suggest other online search engines or databases?
Thanks in advance.
The strengths of a systematic review include a high level of evidence, avoidance of bias, a thorough search, and in addition these are probably more easily accepted for publication. Narrative reviews can address broad topics, and appear more flexible to conduct. If a meta-analysis is not planned, how would one choose between a narrative and systematic review format?
My guess is that for a relatively unexplored topic, or subject with little research, it wouldn’t make as much sense to use the systematic format considering little results will be found and/or synthesized. I have learned from and referenced narrative reviews that were conducted relatively rigorously. However, it seems that the trend is to conduct systematic reviews whenever possible. What do you think?
For further reading:
Franco, Juan Víctor Ariel, et al. "Syntheses of biomedical information: narrative reviews, systematic reviews and emerging formats." Medwave 18.07 (2018).
Rother, Edna Terezinha. "Systematic literature review X narrative review." (2007): v-vi.
Greenhalgh, Trisha, Sally Thorne, and Kirsti Malterud. "Time to challenge the spurious hierarchy of systematic over narrative reviews?." European journal of clinical investigation 48.6 (2018).
Thorne, Sally. "Rediscovering the “Narrative” review." (2018): e12257.
Pae, Chi-Un. "Why systematic review rather than narrative review?." Psychiatry investigation 12.3 (2015): 417.
[Relatively new to research methods here, so hoping to get some guidance]
As mentioned, I have 1 reference intervention, and 1 'novel' intervention, and I intend to have a between-groups approach to test them out. One group gets the reference, one group the novel.
I believe (and hope!) that the novel intervention is better. My questions, and these relate to research design are:
1. Is there still value in having a control where I do no intervention at all? (and then comparing all pairwise combinations)
2. And if I test pairwise combinations across 3 groups, e.g. Control vs Reference, Control vs Novel, it seems like I'm doing tests on the same data. Does my false positive rate increase as a result and I need to do some kind of adjustments e.g. Bonferroni corrections?
3. Can I still do two-tailed tests to account for the possibility that the reverse effect can happen? (i.e. novel intervention ends up going totally off)
Can you please, write some SSCI, SCI, and ESCI indexed journals which also CHARGE for publication? Number of issue per year and publication charges does not matter.
I really appreciate your suggestions.
Psychology, as a science that seeks to know the behavior (in the broad sense) of the human being, should it be limited to a single research method? Are theoretical studies valid for the establishment of conceptual frames of reference and the design of constructs? Why are few publications dealing with these investigations? Is it a "pre-judgment" or a "scientific requirement"?
If you were designing a consulting course from scratch for business students, what would you include? Why?
To what extent would it differ from a research methods course?
I'm looking for "interventions" to be used as a framework to teach research methods.
a) Quick to apply / have an immediate effect
b) Can be blinded easily
c) Related to the field of physiotherapy / rehabilitation medicine
d) Are ethical
For example, effect caffeinated versus de-caffeinated coffee on hand grip strength.
I'm trying to get a good summary of the main types of architectural research, and the motivations for using each type? any help?
To clearly set up the methodological approach for my new research ...
I rely upon:
(Linking design with research)...
The research as a base for the design
I'm actually trying to use the explanations of the book "Architectural Research Methods" by
Linda Groat and David Wang
Recently I have learned how to develop Augmented Reality (AR) and i was wondering if I can use it in my researches. Is this a valid research method to use AR instead of Pictures in order to study Visual Preferences?
Is there any research that have used this method?
I'm a Masters Public Policy student. The question is related to the course on Research Methods where we've been instructed to write a critical review of three articles that pertain to the main research question. In reviewing the three articles I selected, I note a few glaring gaps, which the authors themselves do not address. Therefore, my question is can I/should I cite other literature in order to back-up my observations of these gaps??
Thanks for any guidance.
This may sound like a chicken and egg problem as new questions are usually based on previous answers. In my understanding, nowadays that many answers could be found via simple googling, asking (novel and good) questions are more important as they could hardly be generated by artificial intelligence. On the other hand, providing useful answers to such questions is challenging as well. What is your opinion?
Qualitative content analysis is a well-known analysis method in qualitative research. However, it was noted that some researchers use this as a research design. Is it appropriate to use as a research design? The same study it uses as an analysis method too. Kindly clarify.......
Can we use the qualitative content analysis method as a research method/design?
I am conceptualising research into the impact of renewable energy consumption on green economic development. Various studies have adopted various approaches. What is most interesting that most if not all studies in this area relied on GDP as a measure of economic growth. GDP does not consider environmental and social issues that currently affect us.....What do you recommend?
I often read research articles that do not appropriate describe the sampling procedure. For example, the authors mention that the sampling was accidental or purposive but they don’t explain why they had only 10 participants or they say that the sampling was theoretical and describe the a priori established socio-demographic characteristics of their subjects.
I think that the sampling procedure is one of the most important elements of a research. I think that the research should be evaluated according to this procedure and I think that many pieces of research should be rejected because of sampling not being appropriate.
Please help me to clarify this and correct me if I am wrong:
The sampling procedure should state the sampling criteria and should justify the number of participants.
There are two kinds of sampling in social research: statistical – probability or non-probability (when the sampling criteria and the number of participants are established before entering the field according to some rigid sampling rules) and theoretical (when the sampling criteria and the number of participants are flexible, decided in the research process according to relevancy and saturation rules).
We are conducting a study on the knowledge and experience of psychology journal reviewers regarding the qualitative research method.
If you have reviewed a qualitative manuscript for a psychology journal please take part in our study:
Most of us know the slight difference between site score(scopus) and impact factor (clarivate) of the any indexed journal. However, several predatory journals are already indexed and have cite score and/or impact factor. In your opinion and experience, which indexing is more trusted concerning the non predatory journals included in their lists?
There are some indexed journal, in particular open access journal that ask a charge for publication, did accept papers without real reviewing and comments.
Thanks in advance
I am a social media researcher so that I have to collect various communication data from different social media platforms. The research data I am talking about include comments, reactions, views, and so on. In Bangladesh, the two leading social media platforms are Facebook and YouTube. As I am not much efficient in any programming language yet, so I must rely on other data collection/scraping tools (mostly free) to collect data easily from these two sites.
For Facebook and YouTube, for instance, I use CrowdTangle (www.crowdtangle.com), Mozdeh (www.mozdeh.wlv.ac.uk), Webometric Analysts (www.lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk), Comment Exporter (commentexporter.com), Export Comments (www.exportcomments.com), Social Blade (www.socialblade.com), etc. Previously, I also used Netvizz and Facepager, but they are unavailable right now.
What could be more suitable alternatives? Also, TikTok as a popular social media is thriving in South Asia, mostly among teenagers. Therefore, can anyone suggest to me how to collect/scrape TikTok data (e.g., channel metrics, video views, reactions, comments)?
Thanks in advance.
I would like to know how the structure of polysiloxane modified epoxy resin changes during the combustion process, and how to study it?What is the structure of the burnt coke layer?
AS I am student of MSc public health and i don't have much depth knowledge of research, i want to know in much about secondary research methods,.
i choose topic of side effect of antidepressant drug but i am bit confuse about how to get data as in UK during this pandemic time it is hard to get permission from NIHs to collection any kind of data and as new researcher i am still confused how to collect data for primary as well as secondary research.
I think most businesses have changed their menus around, relocated products in the store, and in other ways changed aspects of the experience, specifically to see how customers would respond so that they could improve their operations.
Facebook got in a lot of hot water for changing its algorithm around to see how its users would react. Now, the users aren't exactly customers, as they're not paying for anything and are volunteering to use the service. But that just means that if FB is going to get into hot water for such studies, other businesses that are analyzing their customers' behavior might get into hot water too.
But there's really no standard or discussion, that I know of (and maybe I'm quite wrong here, which would be fine) as to when IRB approval would be necessary for businesses to change their way of doing business to test customer activity. Should there be, and what should that protocol be?
I would like to use the two research methods to assess the relationship between culture sustainability and economic development. Is there any conflicts or benefits if the two methods are both applied in this study? Thank you.
I am looking for a classification of the research methods included in literature review papers or Meta analysis ones .
I have run an split-plot design experiment evaluating the efficacy of a treatment (with 3 whole plots and 4 sub-plots), and I am planning to analyse the collected data in Stata.
However, I do not find a pre-defined command to perform such analyses in Stata. I found that some statistical software such as GenStat Discovery have already pre-defined designs to analyse results of such experiment. Unfortunately, I do not have a licence for GenStat. I am planning to do my analyses with Stata.
Does anyone know how to analyse such data in Stata ?
I'm a paleontologist studying marine phytoplankton microfossils (Acritarchs). From the main species to new species (with a completely different shape), we can see the gradual forms and trends of evolution at the species level that even the gradual forms are more than main species and new different species.
I ask my colleagues what papers are based on giving more importance to intermediate forms and what papers to introduce about less concerned with introducing new species and more on the topic, a new perspective on speciation with gradual trends?
Of course, any discussion in this regard can shed light on the research method of this side, that is, giving more importance to intermediate species and the gradual evolutionary trends in speciation.
In the realist methodology (especially by Raymond Pawson et al), the CMOc is a common structure to explain what works, for whom, in what circumstances, and why?
I'm always asked about the criteria that the context and mechanism and outcome are indeed logically linked to form the CMOc? How ensure that there are causal connections between these components? What are your experiences on this? Any suggestions? Thank you.
I am doing primary research method and for that I am working on the questionnaire so would you please give the answer of the above question. Thank you
I am using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) Trauma Events scale (original version) that has 17 items (17 different traumatic events) with 4 response options, indicating 4 levels of exposure: experienced, witnessed, heard about it, and no. In SPSS, I have already coded each of the 17 items with the following value labels: .00 = No, 1.00 = Heard about it, 2.00 = Witnessed, 3.00 = Experienced.
I want to calculate a categorical variable by counting all the positive responses on each of the four categories of responses to produce a total number of events experienced, total number of events witnessed, total number of events heard about, and so on.
Because I want to differentiate between direct and indirect exposure, I also want to calculate the total number of events by counting as 1 any response other than 'no' and 'heard about it,' which would mean that I would need to create a dichotomous dummy variable.
In order to do the above, do I need to create two additional variables for Part 1 of the HTQ? If so, how do I go about doing this in SPSS? Any guidance would be greatly appreciated.
My question is concern with the correct categorization of the data collection phase
As known in the research methodology phases, there is a data collection phase .
I want to write the process of the data collection phase :
Is it right to put the process :
Data Selection and Data Preparation Or
Data Preparation and Data Preprocessing and put the selection of the data as part of the data preparation ?
Looking Forward For your answers
I've been looking for more information and methodological concept to conduct "Content Analysis" research as in this pandemic time collecting primary data has become a cubersome task, thank you.
Recently I decided to switch my PhD project to a cumulative form. I have already written an extensive methodological chapter about my adaptation of interpretivist methodology and ethnographical research methods (interactive observation, in-field-mapping, netnography) to my social-movement-studies/ political science question. I would like to publish these thoughts as a working paper, but I'm struggling a bit to find an appropriate working paper series or platform. Does anybody know a good one?