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Research And Development - Science topic

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The PhD degree is now become like any other academic lower degrees, because the PhD scientists are not producing quality research OR R&D in industrial sectors. Except the top-notch institutions of the World, otherwise we have degraded the value of PhD degrees.
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Dear Rizwan Raheem Ahmed . Not all PhDs are needed for the community. Only the ones that are help the community to become better and the ones that solve the problems that face the society .
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Tannic Acid Modification.
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Did you mean hydroxyl radical?
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Many studies use R&D expenditure as a proxy for innovation. Do you agree with using R&D intensity as a proxy of innovation? Is there a difference between R&D intensity and innovation?
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In my opinion, I would say that the statement "R&D expenditure as a proxy for innovation" is more or less accurate based on the type of innovation. Radical and disruptive innovations will require higher investment efforts (most of the time) than incremental and architectural innovations. Also, incremental and architectural innovations may not be contemplated in R&D budgets but may fall (accidentally or otherwise) under operational expenses.
I would also add that subtleties in how one draws a correlation between the two. The type of industry and sector will be a factor on quantity and quality of the innovation. Also, there might be instances where there is a huge investments from some companies for a single innovation and that is the goal. This contrasts with other companies where innovations are less expensive to come by and can allocate more projects and increase their chances of success with smaller innovations. While these differences may be due to the investment required by industry it may also be tied to the innovation classification as above.
"Is there a difference between R&D intensity and innovation?"
I would say yes. The reason for my answer is that there may be huge investments in R&D with no innovations. Innovations are dependent on market adoption. For example, the R&D may be technologically cutting edge, but the market may just wants a simple reliable solution that may be satisfied by low tech.
Hope this helps
Regards
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after the block plates step by adding 300 uL Reagent diluent ,i found that the sample that plan to add is not doing well, therfore i have stop at the block plates step
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Do I understand you right that you have added the first antibody in a sandwich ELISA, and now you should add the samples, but need to interrupt the assay?
It's off spec, but probably will work, as long as you don't get microbial growth. Check out if the diluent has any preservative. If not or to be sure, add sodium azide to 0.1% m/v final, e.g. from a 1% stock in water. Then cover the plate with sticky film (scotch will do) to prevent drying out. Later, when your samples are ready to add, wash the plates as usual with PBST and proceed as planned.
Have you already added the standards? If so, I'd suggest measuring them again.
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Is there any database where I can get firm-level green R&D data for the US or Chinese listed firms? I want to use firms' green R&D investments as proxies for green innovation.
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Md Azizur Rahman, I believe this website will be helpful for you https://www.energy.gov/R%26D
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What are the latest research developments in accounting information systems?
What are the new areas of research?
your advice
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Thank you
I am happy for your answer and advice
Your advice on future studies is in your article
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Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
What are the main problems in the development of science?
What are the key problems of research development?
What are the limitations for research work?
What do you think are the main problems with publishing research results?
Are these financial constraints or other problems?
How can these problems be solved?
What do you think about it?
What's your opinion on this topic?
Please reply,
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In developing countries, the main problem for development of science is lack of interest of ruling class, lack of funds and infrastructure are some important problem/hurdle in the development of science.
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In this case, there are two types of firms. Type A: Firms whose long term loan mature just before the financial crunch of August of 2007 and Type B: Firms whose long term loan mature just after the financial crunch of August of 2007. In order to analyze the impact of financial crisis on R&D Intensity, can I just take Type B firms and use panel data of year 2007 and 2009 and use First Difference Model to analyze the issue? Is it okay, statistically speaking, to employ this method?
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maybe
Lome, O., Heggeseth, A. G., & Moen, Ø. (2016). The effect of R&D on performance: do R&D-intensive firms handle a financial crisis better?. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 27(1), 65-77.
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I want to ask others opinion on what career choices should one make right after a PhD in Engineering.
1) Should one choose academia, or the industry (R&D) etc.? What are the pros and cons?
Or,
2) Should one find a Post Doctoral position first for 1-2 years. Then move towards an academic career as an Assistant Professor? Does the post-Doc cause a major difference to your career prospects?
3) Can one start an industry career after a Post-Doc?
4) In some countries, one can become an Assistant Professor right after PhD? is this Path advisable?
Please share your thoughts.
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I personally recommend choosing an Industrial R&D position for the following reasons:
1. It will expand your capabilities far beyond academia.
2. You will be able to explore new areas of research under the guidance of experts.
3. Solving real-life problems is a different experience.
4. From the conceptual design of the product to the market landing, you are learning and acquiring knowledge about the product.
5. Have high career development opportunities and considerable income.
6. After gaining some industry experience, you can move into academia while maintaining an industry touch.
7. Industrial exposure will help you instruct students in a more practical way.
There's a lot more to say, but please take this as a comprehensive summary.
Hope this helps you.
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Please provide names for good suppliers of R&D grade silicone materials. Thanks.
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Dear Qun Ye,
Some additional info is shown below:
Who makes the silicon for chips?
Intel creates industry-leading and world-first silicon products. These Intel® chips are some of the most complex devices ever manufactured, requiring advanced manufacturing technology.
Computer chips, also known as semiconductors, are the brains of products like smartphones, cars, medical devices and most modern appliances. ​​The vast majority are made in Taiwan, South Korea and China.
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We have been doing invasion assays by coating transwell inserts with Matrigel, and setting up the invasion. The next day we removed the cells from the bottom of the insert (that have migrated through) using 10X dissociation buffer from R & D systems. This dissociation buffer is now unavailable. What else can I use?
After release of cells from bottom of insert, I want to add calcein-AM to stain the cells and then quantify using fluorescence.
Thanks in advance!
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One option would be to replace Matrigel with some other cell culture matrix, for example with plant-based nanofibrillar cellulose hydrogel, GrowDex. It has been demonstrated widely that GrowDex supports the 3D culture of various cell types from cancer cell lines to stem cells and primary cells.
Cells can be harvested from GrowDex by using GrowDase enzyme treatment. GrowDase is cellulase enzyme which degrades only the cellulose and does not have effect on human cells. Please the publication by Rinner et al. where they harvested the cells with cellulase enzyme
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Well-respected professors and scientists,
I am an Assistant Professor of Physics at St. Joseph's College, Cuddalore, India. I would like to write a proposal for the R&D project. So, help me develop the proposal idea.
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Polymeric materisls are worthy investigation...
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Hello, I am running an R&D human pre-mixed multi-analyte Kit (magnetic) using the Bio-Plex 200 system. I have run this kit many times before, but not for a few months recently. It looks like I have plenty of beads but they are not being read in the correct bead region and I have no idea why! I have put in the correct standards information, bead region etc. Any help would be very much appreciated. I have attached photos to show what I am talking about.
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hi Maria did you find the cause? or a fix we have the same thing happening, not sure why. Biorad kit also
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Generally radar detection algorithms to work in real time would require less computational complexity. CA-CFAR is good candidate algorithm in the presence of noise and when electronic counter measures/intentional interference is present, multiple detection comes in the R-D map. We have collected some real time data from mmWave sensor in the presence of ECM. Can any one of you suggest, which one is a good detection algorithms to detect the target in this scenario?. Thank you very much.
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Track the jammer, and use information from that track to reduce the effects of the jammer on other tracks.
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In the scholar community, we always try to oversee some research obstacles. For the industrials or private manufacturers, this is easy because R&D is funded. In the opensource R&D, how can we do to permit the progress of the research?
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In order to permit the progress of non-funded open source research, we must enhance and empower our network of research scholars, similar to our interest.
Twitter is the primary medium for identifying, debating, and disseminating open source research. It’s full of practitioners who are eager to engage in discussions with others about best methods and practices, and to share their own work and that of others. Having a Twitter account will allow you to follow researchers so that you can learn from their work, as well as ask questions and engage in discussions with like-minded researchers.
Having a healthy scholar network we may easily get the solutions of such obstacles.
Some of the useful Twitter lists of researchers include:
Gisela Pérez de Acha’s “OSINTers”
Rawan Shaif’s “OSINT”
Bianca Britton’s “Open Source”
Julia Bayer’s “OSINT research verify
Regards,
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Is there any software such as Origin implementing Morse curve fitting or, alternatively, is there a straightforward way to achieve b?
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If you still need it, I might add this function to my software:
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How do you judge the success of a particular presentation st conferences, workshops and seminars?
Kindly share your valued opinion. Best regards
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You are most welcome dear
Prof. Dickson Adom .
Wish you the best always
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If one is working in R&D, the company allows/wants to publish information that proves claims of the company and its cutting-edge technology- Clearly, the company prevents the publication of any information that might harm its business. Additionally, the company has no interest in having an employee publishing reviews or anything else.
How can someone publish independently from the company?
For sake of argument, let's assume that one wants to write a review on his own time at home without any data acquired through the company.
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This depends on the content of the publication. If it is not related to the work in the company, than there is no problem. The constitutions of many countries guarantee the freedom of science. However, if the publication contains results obtained at the company, the situation is more complicated. If possible, one should consult with someone responsible in the company to avoid legal actions.
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Dear Academics,
Kindly could you comment here that how this Research Gate Academic Platform was important, beneficial and helpful for you to build up your academic life up to now.
was this helpful for changing your,
1. Citation number
2. Research Interest
3. Build up more connections in the academic world
4. Your knowledge
5. Recommending your research activities
Thank you and Best regards.
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Kindly see also the following useful RG link:
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How can a scientist learn about data science and modelling that is applicable to solve wide varieties of problems. If possible contact of where you can do that even as a visiting researcher ?
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We need international support to collaborate and finance inter-institutional research, development and innovation projects in the field of smart water management in the current context of climate change.
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Dear colleagues, we currently have two projects written for the intelligent management of water resources, the first is about the development of automatic pluviographs with local and recyclable materials, and the second is about the management of natural resources, water and soil in the current context of climate change through the application of satellite technologies and artificial intelligence. These are recognized by our ministry of science, technology and environment for which this consolidation. Soon we hope to present a project for the realization of the water balance in a daily regime and in high spatial resolution, with the application of satellite hydrology and big data and artificial intelligence techniques. For the successful implementation of these projects, international collaboration is important, so if you are interested in collaborating to find financial support opportunities for these projects, we can start whenever you want.
Kind regards.
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Hi everyone - I am looking for a new role in aquaponics, hydroponics, soilless culture,research and development in sustainable agricultural production systems as postdoctoral, assistant professor and any other positions with phD qualified and would appreciate your support. Thank you in advance for any connections, advice, or opportunities you can offer. #OpenToWork #opportunities #sustainable agricultural production systems #aquaponics,#hydroponicsystem, #postdoctoral,#postdoctoralfellowship,#researchanddevelopment,#plantnutrition #horticulture #agriculture #agronomy
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Why dont you narrow down further picking up some specific issue...instead of such open ended researchable topics...
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  • Many scientific gathering were already organized when COVID-19 pandemic was announced and many traveling arrangements were cancelled.
  • How the organizations responsible for these scientific gathering are going to manage the already organized conferences and symposiums, etc.?
  • How this pandemic affects the Research and Innovation in terms of dissemination and sharing work and also how the publication of work has been managed?
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Even today, presential scientific meetings keep struggling to succeed. Most of them are still hybrid and limited in many ways. I believe that there is a substantial loss on conviviality, personal eye to eye contact between researchers, lack of motivation and influential impact.
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Is there any limit for the number of authors of a scientific paper?
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Hi everyone,
I've been using proteome profiler kit from R&D to compare cytokine expression of tissue extracts from different treated and untreated mice.
Each replica is different from the previous one, I mean, it is not reproducible.
Has anyone used the #ARY006 kit, or other similar? Do you think it's useful?
Attached you can find two different replicas of my experiments.
Thanks
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I think you have a problem with the quality of the experiment. It looks like it has something to do with poor labeling of your samples. Do additional testing to make sure the protocol works in your hands. And ask the provider company R&D for help.
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I would like to learn from your experience in order to improve the way we write and to facilitate the method of writing in a way understandable and clear to the reader.
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I hope the following link could help you:
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I am looking for a total number of patents (with International Patent Classification) invented by Chinese listed companies in English and some financial information such as sales, R&D investment, leverage ratio, ROE, and so on from 2000-2020.
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Emerging Markets Information Service (EMIS) has a wealth of information in a database of > 400,000 Chinese companies. https://www.emis.com/countries/China is the go-to source for many China researchers.
EMIS also publishes quarterly updates on different economic sectors, such as Banking, insurance, Transportation, Agribusiness.
Remarkably, their Real Estate sector report flagged the Evergrande crisis in 2019!
The China Company Database http://chinacompanydatabase.com/ is also useful, with 27 fields of data, including sales, employees and exports.
The website of National Enterprise Credit Information Publicity System, http://www.gsxt.gov.cn, has company registration and credit information.
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Hello everyone,
i would like to analyze the effect of innovation in 1 industry over a time period of 10 years. the dependent variable is export and the Independent variables are R&D and Labour costs.
What is the best model to use? i am planning to do a Log-linear model.
Thank you very much for your greatly needed help!
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Before deciding on the econometric model, you should go through the stationarity test (ADF test). If the data are stationary, OLS Regression with a log-linear model would be fine. But, if not, you may go for VAR or ARDL. You should also check the robustness of the model by going through residual tests such as Autocorrelation LM Test.
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The h-index is an author-level metric that attempts to measure both the productivity and citation impact of the publications of a scientist or scholar. The index is based on the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received in other publications. I want to know that in what way it will help a researcher ?
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Hindex numbers provide reasonably good information for the excellent work consistency of researchers.
For example, I currently have 8 Hindex (excluding self-quotes). This means that each of the eight has been cited at least eight times in my treatise. However, none of my publications (one author's treatise) states that there are 33 citations. The other author's treatises have been cited 26 times, joint papers have been cited 30 times, and so on. I expect 2020 Hindex to be 10 times (excluding self-quotes).
To have a relatively high Hindex, the average citation rate per treatise is about the same as the Hindex value.
So
We do not compensate for unpaid treatises. While some researchers can spend several years on research treatises, other researchers in the same field produce several treatises in the same period. The latter group can have a much higher hintex for more treatises.
Does not distinguish between one author's treatise and multiple author's treatises. Another prank on the definition.
Does not distinguish between citations and actual developments of the subject, review papers and books. The latter two are generally the majority of people. This is why people with books and review papers generally have a lot of people and potentially high hints (but not always).
It is impossible to compare Hindex for researchers in other areas of human knowledge.
You can use self-quoting to increase the number of posterior words using artificial methods that are not ethically sound. This is why many prestigious institutions are only considering hindex. Exclude self-citations. Their argument is simple. Your own research is evaluated when it is recognized by others.
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Dear All
Can you please, write some SSCI, SCI, and ESCI indexed journals which also CHARGE for publication? Number of issue per year and publication charges does not matter.
I really appreciate your suggestions.
Regards
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Generally, Paid Journals are not of good quality Index. However, I am providing list of publishers publish both paid and free but are of good Indexing
1. Elsevier
2. Taylor and Francis
3. Springer
4. Hindawi
5. Willey
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we are planning to issue a call for paper on Financial Accounting Research for an ISBN book. we have to mention the broad areas of research in Financial Acounting.
Can anybody suggest the classification of research in Financial Accounting
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management accounting
cost accounting
forensic accounting
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Need to incorporate only R&D, IT upgration, innovative processing and likewise expenses.
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  • Capital expenditures (CAPEX) are a company's major, long-term expenses while operating expenses (OPEX) are a company's day-to-day expenses.
  • Examples of CAPEX include physical assets, such as buildings, equipment, machinery, and vehicles.
  • Examples of OPEX include employee salaries, rent, utilities, property taxes, and cost of goods sold (COGS).
  • Capital expenditures cannot be deducted from income for tax purposes while operating expenses can be deducted from taxes.
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We are a research group working on technological risks in NPD specifically focusing on home appliances.
In this regard, we need guidance or cooperation of home appliance industry specialists to help us to complete this research.
Do you have a way to access the leading industries in home appliance?
We need R & D experts of these companies to complete the questionnaire.
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Dear Masoud Naserian,
In my opinion, research on technological risks in NPD, with particular emphasis on household appliances, is an important issue that allows you to optimize the production processes of household appliances, taking into account the compliance with certain safety standards of both the manufacturing process and the use of specific household appliances by customers. I am particularly interested in the issues of risk management, applied in production companies and other risk management systems, including the implementation and improvement of these systems in business entities.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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This picture is collected from a rice field which is heavily infected by sheath blight disease. Rice sheath is completely blighted due to this disease. The structure is formed on blighted and dried rice sheath. I have never seen such type of structure before. Could you please help me identify the structure from attached picture?
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Thank you Yuriy Kotlyar for your comment.
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Hi everyone! I would like to hear your recommendations about the best chemical software to design polymers.
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Dear Angela Vanegas, it is not really clear what do you mean by the word 'design' and at what level. In terms of kinetics, PREDECI may be is the simplest program. Please check the following document for further and a broad vision of the subject of programming tools. My Regards
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I am looking for good practices in the area of the commercialisation of R&D results. I am interested in the commercialisation models used by R&D organisations that are involved both in developing technological innovations and in their practical application in the economy.
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Interesting discussion
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What are the available R&D options in India after PhD? Researchers usually join academia as professors after completing PhD. It would be great to know other less explored possibilities including industry research openings.
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Good morning
I think you have to do it since the beganing
Best regards
Ph.D. Ingrid del Valle García Carreño
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Hello everyone,
I am working on a R&D project and for that I am looking for company which sells quartz powder standards with a precise granulometry. I don't want a size distribution.
Thank you for your help !
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Dear Estelle Ehret thank you for asking this very interesting technical question. Actually, I don't know if it is possible to manufacture quartz powders with no size distribution. However, it might be worth having a look at the homepage of Cospheric company at
Also please have a look at the following potentially useful article which might help you in your analysis:
Particle Standards: Their Development and Application
This paper is freely available as public full text on RG.
Good luck with your work and please stay safe and healthy!
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We live in a time of great technological progress. Every aspect of our lives is changing. Humanities' scientific and R&D sectors are rapidly developing new technologies and changing as we adapt. The concept of Human, Human Identity and Human Nature is renewing. What's your place in all that and how can you be part of a technological ascendance?
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I doubt there is anyone answer to this issue.technological advances have occurred since the Paleolithic and the question has always been one of how it will be used. A rock can be used to crack nuts or the head of a stranger.
Technological advances hold great promise for bettering the human condition, but our record with technology thus far is not encouraging. Climate change is here and real, and could not have happened in the early Neolithic.
I am an oldster and doubt I have a place in technology's ascendance. All I can do with the perspective of many years is to council caution and careful monitoring.
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Hi all.
I'm wondering if anyone can help with this. I work at the Wellcome Collections in London as a Research Development Specialist, and we are trying to move beyond working directly with universities and AHRC consortia to work with Early Career Researchers within the Humanities.
As I'm also a scholar myself I know all too well how important this is given the nature of precarious contracts, with researchers left for long periods between university affiliation and potentiaul missing out on opportunities that could, ironically, increase their chances of getting an academic post.
I can explain more if anyone wants to DM on n.mann@wellcome.org or natalie.mann@warwick.ac.uk
Any help on this front much appreciated!
Natalie
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Excellent Question
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I wonder How long it take a new journal to get an official impact factor?
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The journal will receive an impact factor after it is indexed in the Web of Science for 3 years.
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The COVID-19 epidemic and the policy response is disrupting life around the world, with significant impacts also on the economy. This economic downturn will impact R&D expenditure, and therefore, on innovation.
What you think?
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Sirvan Abbasbeigi was right- mankind would be able to make a vaccine for a global epidemic for almost a year, but it came true.
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I want to know the impact of financial crisis on R&D spending of a firm. Data regarding 438 firms will be selected for two years i.e. 2007 and 2009. Firms will be categorized into treatment and control groups. Half will be in treatment and remaining in control group. Which regression model will be suitable for this analysis?
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Can I just take the firms in the treatment group for years 2007 and 2009 and and employ First Difference Model in order to analyze the impact of financial crisis on R&D intensity?
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I am an engineer/researcher  developing code for finding feature parameters of irregular shaped 2d closed curves . For example a square has 4 corners and one width/height , circle infinite corners/radius, oval infinite corners/ 2 lengths major and minor. So I was wondering if we could have various measure for real life curves as found in US cardiac images such as width of the ventricles.Any help would be deeply appreciated.
Thanks,
Sushma
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following
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Must research be a preserve of the academic institutions or research institutions alone ?
What are some of the ways to promote research beyond these institutions?
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Some companies conduct research or apply research findings to develop new products or processes in a variety of fields, including life sciences, physical sciences, engineering, social sciences, and the humanities. https://www.dnb.com/business-directory/industry-analysis.scientific-research-development-services.html
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Dear peers,
we are all aware of inefficiencies and waste (time, material, talent) in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) sector. We also do know that we need to increase overall productivity and quality while reducing costs. But is it possible in the "status quo", using existing processes, materials and tools?
New technologies have demonstrated technical feasibility in R&D (both in Academia and Industry). Yet, there seems little demand from the market itself. How is that - are we lacking appropriate business model design, technology transfer capabilities or modes of open innovation?
Do we need entrepreneurship for these new technologies in construction?
Happy to hear your opinion!
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Yes, we need entrepreneurship for new technologies in construction. Construction is one of the booming sectors in the economy. Activation of entrepreneurship in the construction sector is an important element of social and economic policy. Yes, we need entrepreneurship for new technologies in construction, especially in the field of green construction technologies, creating new pro-environmental construction technologies, new types of energy-saving building materials in order to develop sustainable construction.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I am doing research paper Russian geopolitical interest at Northern sea route. .Soviet and Arctic had long history from 1930, exploring naval base by Arctic circle as today research develop nuclear icebreaker development experiment of raw materials, fisheries, oil etc. EurAsia trade with China and other as one of reason Russian economy is rebuilding,, but in long run Russian could benefit from climate change. I want discuss different opinion, fact and point some problem it could face problem with other global players.
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The Northern Sea Route (NSR), a growing shipping lane linking South-East Asia with Northern Europe through Arctic waters, is set to become a competitor to the Suez Channel for cargo delivery between these two regions.Since the mid-1930s the Northern Sea Route has been an officially managed and administered shipping route along the northern/Arctic coast of Russia.According to the New York Times, this forebodes more shipping through the Arctic, as the sea ice melts and makes shipping easier. Check the following journal about Russian policy, interest for the northern sea route.
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Many new research concepts are published in the low or no impact factor journals because of insufficient research results. Other researchers are extending this work and publishing the results in high impact factor journal. But, unfortunately they are not citing the research work published in low impact factor journals, though it is base of extended research idea. Additionally, if they cite the base research paper, reviewers/ editors or journal are not allowing to cite base research paper. Please share your opinion.
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We can not decide the quality of the journal based on impact factor only. Now many open access journals publishing more papers and getting high impact factor with citations. Running towards numbers is not a encouraging one and novel work which is published in any journal will have have citations and credits.
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Recently I saw a video (link below) about deadline that a strict deadline can change your life. I am inspired by that video because I think I am also lacking this strict deadline quality. I think if I have this "strict deadline" quality, then it will change my research philosophy, in family,socially, religiously-everything. So what do you think about this Strict Deadline Principle. Please share your valuable opinion.
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Any human must think about the moment that will end his life. So any one of us must prepare for that strict moment by which is only known by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala). We must expect this switch point to be as the next coming moment. It transfers him immediately from the first temporary life to the second permanent life.
Based on this, we must not forget that every second is already recorded in anyone's life. Without any doubt, he/she will be asked about it.
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I am currently writing a quantitative paper on this topic and am not very well versed in econometrics. Therefore, I ask for your understanding for my "simple" questions.
Currently I am reading many papers in regards to this topic. I decided to choose panel data (still unsure). Furthermore I am unsure how to create the model in STATA. Unfortunately I am not very familiar and I thought of putting spendings of private R&D as the dependent variable. I am unsure about the choice of instrumental variables. I also wondered whether factor productivity would not be better suited as a dependent variable, since I want to test the effect on the productivity of a country. Or do you think I should rather include this variable as an explanatory variable in the model? I thank you in advance for all your help, unfortunately I am not very knowledgeable about this topic, but very interested.
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Dear Kaan,
You can examine the R&D effect on economic growth. You should note that economic growth and development are different concepts (You can see the book chapter in my profile for detail. "Seçilmiş OPEC ve MENA Ülkelerinde Doğal Kaynak Bağımlılığı ve Kurumsal Gelişmenin Ekonomik Kalkınma Üzerine Etkisi: Panel Kantil Regresyon Yaklaşımı") In this case, the ARGE will be an independent variable. GDP or GDP per capita can be taken for growth.
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International Journal of Recent Engineering Research and Development (IJRERD) ISSN- 2455-8761. kindly inform me about above fake or authentic of this journal
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Who leads the advances in science?
Whether, practitioners research and develop new approaches, then scientists define the conceptual frames using the established methodologies
Or else?
Any empirical researches on this?
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Progress, including the development of technology, new discoveries, the development of science, the creation of innovative solutions, etc. is made thanks to the creative work of scientists, entrepreneurs, managers, citizens running a business and implementing innovations, new solutions, technologies for economic and other processes.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The Paolo Procacci Foundation, a foundation whose aim is to increase research and developments in Pain Medicine, is trying to develop new knowledges on inflammatory pain.
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I am interested in being part of the Advisory Board, my email: mpcalimag@ust.edu.ph
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I'm building an ELISA from an antibody pair kit (R&D Duoset DY291) and it seems I can't use BSA in case there's any bovine IGF1 (100% similarity to human form) present so it suggests I use PBS with 5% tween which is fine.
However the product insert then says “The PBS -tween (5%) diluent must not be used to dilute the Detection Antibody or the Streptavidin-HRP".
My question is what buffer should I use for the Detector & strep-HRP? Can i use BSA here or will it potentially compete off the human IGF1?
Owen
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I agree with Wolfgang. Tween itself does not affect the hrp enzyme, unless its high concentration. Normally, I used it at 2% not 5%. You can also use 1% fish gelatin instead of bsa in the pbs for your detection components. You can purchase it from sigma. If you are making batches of this and need a preservative that is hrp friendly, consider proclin 300. It is also a more effective preservatove than aside.
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In last two decades in mining, several researchers developed numerous articles based on different algorithms and constrains pursuing solutions on the final pit and scheduling problems. Which are the paths no one could outline yet? And which are greater restrictions and challenges to this task?
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Hi, In mining optimization discussions, optimization models generally have many variables that cause the solution process to take much time. It may take a month or more to solve a real model. This causes industrial companies to look for non-optimal methods that provide the answer in a short time. Well, if you can focus on reducing the number of variables or ways to reduce solution time, this is a great idea.
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the technology development is growing up further day to day and mostly based on researches So, is this research development will be more beneficial or harmful to human future?
if we think little forward as AI and subset of it updating machines to next level may cause-effect of losing some human jobs or the technology will go further more to manage all human privacy for security reasons for governments secure sector.
think for moments this research you make the rate of benefit or harm on a human because the aim of science is to help humanity, not opposite it So, there should be some roles or something to develop to prevent it from harming human in future.
Share your opinion or idea or suggest some lab work for a project to do something as mentioned up.
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All scientific results can be beneficial or harmful depending on human ethics and morale levels of users. An example can be said about atom energy. AI is no exception.
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Through advancements in computer technologies, there has been a trend towards R&D of assistive technologies for people with disabilities. Using assistive technologies, it would be possible for people with disabilities to be hired in an Industry 4.0 setting. Any share of information would be highly appreciated. Thanks!
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Alexandru Szel
: This link is broken, do you have the right one?
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How to become a good researcher ?
What the real researchers think ?
What the real researchers actually do ?
Suggestions invited...
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If he insists on being honesty in every corner of his research.
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without allowing our study be reduced to just rubber stamping of other people's findings. How do we ensure critical rather a mere descriptive discourse ?
What are the tips to highlight the originality of the research project?
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I totally agree with Dr. M. D.H. Prodhan and Dr. Abdelhameed Ibrahim. Really they hit the target.
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Please suggest some papers/reports on the changes in the policy with respect to patenting of computer software in India. Does it have any implications as to why the IT services companies (mostly MNCs) are mainly patenting only at the USPTO?
Why are foreign MNCs keen on doing R&D in computer software in India?
Please suggest papers that discuss Patent Policies in the Indian IT Services Industry.
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Most patent investment strategies depend on the possible market returns for the investment. The U.S. is one of the main consumers of technology so it is strategically advantageous to invest in patenting in the US. The second and third are Japan and the EU making it the patent triangle.
India is a source of talent and therefore it is also strategically advantageous to do the R&D there.
Hope this helps
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I would like to research the role of innovation subsidies (for both public research and private R&D resarch) on regional economic growth. Firstly, I would like to show how subsidies affect innovation activity in regions and then, hypotesize innovation activity & regional growth relationship. What could be the best econometric methodology and model for both phases of the research?
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What is the difference between research questions & research objectives?
Many students/scholars ask this question, but any quality opinion on this issue is most welcome...
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After identifying the research problem or the issue, research objectives indicate the intended achievements from the research. Therefore the research objectives provide directions to the design of the research project. However, research questions are derived to direct investigations to achieve intended objectives. In a positivist study, hypotheses may replace research questions.
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I'm looking for formative studies on the role of patents and R&D department productivity in mergers & acquisition (M&A) and other forms of capital investment strategy. Specifically I'm looking for research publications of historical value, of high impact or otherwise comprise recent significant developments.
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I do not have the figures for researchers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), but for this discussion, I will assume that in a population of researchers, a fair fraction will be researchers in STEM.
The Philippines has a frustratingly small number of researchers (~188 researchers for every 1 million inhabitants). This is probably the reason it lags behind its neighbors in the STEM fields. This, I would suppose, has detrimental effects on the overall development of the country. Its neighbors, such as South Korea (~7500 researchers/million inhabitants), Singapore (~6700 researchers/million inhabitants), Japan (~5300 researchers/million inhabitants), Malaysia (~2400 researchers/million inhabitants), Thailand (~1200 researchers/million inhabitants), China (~1200 researchers/million inhabitants), and Vietnam (~700 researchers/million inhabitants), that have significantly larger densities of researchers have overtaken the Philippines in many aspects of development. Other countries, such as Laos (~16 researchers/million inhabitants), Cambodia (~30 researchers/million inhabitants), Myanmar (~29 researchers/million inhabitants) seem to also lag in many aspects of progress.
What might it take for countries such as ours to raise more researchers and scientists? Would you be able to provide suggestions on how we might do so despite the fact that the Philippines and other countries with small densities of researchers are low- to middle-income countries?
(Data on number of researchers per million inhabitants taken from UNESCO Institute for Statistics: http://data.uis.unesco.org/index.aspx?queryid=64)
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I agree with Mr. Mohammedali that this is a political choice. As per your question about the role of local academia in promoting the solution, its role would be limited at best. Unless of course, an environment advantageous to research and researchers is created. That I doubt it would happen as fast as one wishes (it takes time).
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  • What are the basic foundations for development of the new methodology and practical application for multilateral cooperation?
  • What are the most critical questions in social, economic, cultural and political spheres to be addressed for production of research based policy recommendations and action points?
  • Which actors might be regarded as the major stakeholders in the emerging multilateral world?
  • Is there a need to redefine the key stakeholders and institutions of the past, or should a new dimension of the old paradigm be introduced?
  • Is there a way to make multilateral cooperation between responsible stakeholders a win-win strategy in the situation of global uncertainty?
  • What are the major outlooks of the possible futures in multipolar world development perspective?
  • Which innovative experiences and initiatives contribute most to formation of multilateral cooperation and provide independent platforms for advice on global issues?
  • How to engage in multilateral and equal dialogue policy makers and actors not only from Western countries?
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Dear Andrey Filippov the multipolarity is marked by the existence of distinct actors, not only the nation-states as the “international player”, but also numerous non-state actors with global projection. Therefore, multipolarityrequires the coordination of political practices based on certain principles such as balance between powers, interdependence and solidarity, to achieve consensus in terms of global governance.
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Dear colleagues, I am developing a partnership for the Physiotherapy research lab from UNILAVRAS. The main goal is to research, share ideas, publish, and raise good and long partnerships overseas.
If anyone is interested, please contact me through a private message.
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Dear Christopher, I will contact you through private message.
Thank you.
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I have to find out what software and operating systems are used in education. More into lower education than in high and in different countries (USA, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, France, Scandinavia, Romania, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and other mostly European countries). Do you have some idea where can I find such statistical data?
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To all who teach math subjects, I will recommend to use GeoGebra: leading provider of dynamic mathematics software, supporting STEM education and innovations in teaching and learning worldwide. It is an open source multiplatform software, available in many languages for Windows, Linux, Mac OS, Android, iPad and it has an easy-to-use interface.
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Battery is an essential part of electric vehicles (EVs), mobile phones, and many industries and domestic applications. It has been reported that the interest of reducing the size and cost of a battery is increasing day-by-day while charging it at a faster rate.
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The level and organization of the financing system for research and development is one of the most important development-related issues in contemporary knowledge-based economies.
(The continuation of these considerations can be found in the comments below).
In view of the above, the current question is: The issue of financing research and development works from the funds of the national public finance sector?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Revered Professor Dariousz Prokopowicz,
This is my opinion. The finance for R&D is to be allocated by the Government that is usual practice but now a days the Private Organisations are ready to find for R&D in order to strengthen the system functioning well.
It is possible in Developed Countries where as in the Developing Countries situation are totally different. In such case, it is welcomed to finance from Private Institutions also.
Regards
Senapathy
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Most of the articles are not cited because of poor visibility of that paper. The Journal policy may play a vital role in the article visibility. Some Journal without authentication we are not able to view that research papers. So If I want to improve the visibility of my research papers means what step I have to follow?
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You may use ORCID, Researchgate, Publons, Google Schoolar and other platforms to share your published papers.
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I am trying to make a conductive silicone composite (1k-1Mohm) using sylgard 184. I am using a probe sonicator (dispersed in heptane, chloroform or THF) and planetary centrifugal mixer but can’t seem to get any resistance measurements at low percentages (<3%). I want the percentage to be low because I need to spin coat the final material. Is there an optimal MWCNT or even SWCNT size that would be best for getting a minimally conductive silicone composite at low percentages?
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Hi,
SWCNTs with high ratio of length to radius will be difficult to disperse, and if they aggregated, they will be meaningless to conductivity.
Best wishes
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The proportional fitting procedure (IPFP,) is an iterative algorithm for estimating expected cell values [M_ijk] of a contingency table such that the marginal conditions are met.
For iterative computation of the M_ij, using MLE for the model, other Algorithm exist , and most common are for 2D while am interested in that of 3D, Assuming model of independence is equivalent to the model that all odds ratios equal one. I need references of examples showing manual calculation, and how to do more advance ones on R.
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Use table function; is you share the exact breaker you faced, probably I can help you out.
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A country trying hard to its level best for making urbanization, industrialization and does not care about deforestation, pollution and its natural resources, what will be the end cause of that country in such a situation? and What is Sustainable Development?
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urbanization and industrialization are the end cause of urbanization and industrialization
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Every researcher, when he decides to write a scientific research, develops an initial plan that includes the most important topics that he will explain in his research, while gathering the most important sources that pertain to his study, and he will certainly change this plan later on according to the information he will get
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Sí se debe preparar un plan que incluya los temas más importantes de la investigación. Esta aseveración se corresponde con el empleo del MÉTODO DE TRABAJO CIENTÍFICO, el cual comprende la sucesión de pasos que debemos dar para descubrir nuevos conocimientos, para comprobar o desaprobar hipótesis que expliquen o predicen conductas de fenómenos, desconocidos hasta ese momento. Una «buena» planificación es aquella donde se determina y define, al menos, el objeto que se pretende estudiar (el problema de investigación), los conceptos fundamentales. Todo ello permite conformar un marco teórico referencial de los temas que incluidos en la investigación, que devienen en referentes teóricos-metodológicos que sustentan dicha investigación.
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Recommendation for R&D Project Management software in regards to medical device development. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
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Dear sir,
you can try with Dassault Systemes ENOVIA PLM software, which has a project management app with various functions for R and D purpose.
Thank you
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Hi there,
Is there a way/tool/ search engine that would allow me to search for multiple variations of the same phrase at the same time?
For example, I want to search for "revealing his true belief". But I also want to search for all the phrases that have the same or similar meaning like"betraying their real opinion".
The total number of words here is 8 but there are many different ways to combine the words so there are many different potential alternative phrases: "revealing his true opinion" "revealing his real opinion" "betraying our real opinion" etc….
Is there a way to accomplish this in two conditions?
1- I determine the alternatives. So I specify that for "word 1 word 2 word 3 word4", the alternatives for word 1 are: Only revealing or showing.
2- Use all the possible synonyms or even antonyms for "revealing" in word 1.
A very useful tip I got is the use of asterisk so "revealing * true opinion" would yield "revealing your true opinion" and "revealing their true opinion".
But for some reason when I combine two quotations with each other with OR, some results are omitted. For example, "revealing * true opinion" OR "betraying * * real" yields results for the latter quotation but not the former even though the former would generate results if it's on its own.
Regards,
Hashem
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Thesaurus.com would be a good partner/resource if something like this would be developed from scratch.
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I am currently studying the effects of a reduced corporate income tax rate (CIT) (resulting from a R&D tax policy aimed at increasing R&D expenditures) on R&D spending. I want to see to what extent the reduced CIT stimulates R&D spending. In my dataset there'd be two CITs - 15% (reduced) and 25% (non-reduced) and the R&D spendings of 50 companies. I was planning on using regression analysis where I would have the level of CIT (in my case 15% and 25%) as an independent variable and R&D spending as a dependent variable, but unfortunately it turned out that it wouldn't work. I was wondering if I could use correlation but am not sure if I can do it for percentages and real numbers. Now I am looking for any other statistical methods that could help me examine both the strength and direction of the relationship.
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You are not really comparing percentages. You have just two levels so that variable is binary. A regression of the form
RD_i = B0 + B1 CIT_i + e_i
is doing the same thing as a regression, t-test, correlation, ANOVA, etc. There are different effect sizes you can report, including unstandardized ones which are often the most useful. Please explain why this is not working for you?
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1. What exactly will be for new opportunities after covid
2. Will the postdoc openings be same or restricted
3. For how long this trend may exist
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Use of Information-technology and reduced use of manpower in Post-COVID era of Job Market
The job-market will increasingly be based on working from home with IT based applications and solutions for everything. This trend may increase in Post-COVID-19 period and may be for indefinite period: Examples include:
1. Further increase in e-banking
2. E-trade and E-payment at the supermarkets, and e-travel documentations (tickets, refunds, cargo)
3. Robotics use in the construction and production industry
4. E-health, telemedicine and use of Robots to look after patients and deliver medicine and food (further reducing the human-touch as healing power)
5. E-education and evaluation for examinations.
6. Robotic army