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Digital twins and artificial intelligence have shown promise for improving the robustness, responsiveness, and productivity of industrial systems. However, traditional digital twin approaches are often only employed to augment single, static systems to optimise a particular process. This article presents a paradigm for combining digital twins and m...
Article
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Although joints are omnipresent in engineering structures, their proper consideration in simulations is still a challenging area of research. This is because joints introduce local nonlinearities which lead to load and preload-dependent resonance frequencies and damping, mode coupling, high variability of contact area and contact pressures. The kno...
Article
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Eigen-Shuster replicated system with infinity many members described integra - differential equation with delay and generated nonlinear undamped waves.
Article
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Subsoiler performance can be influenced by crop residue in the soil through different types of vegetation cover. In any of these cover systems, the use of subsoilers for decompaction changes soil physical properties. The present study aimed to evaluate soil physical properties in different management systems using several subsoiling speeds and soil...
Article
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The potential of soil amendments in reducing phosphorus (P) loss has been reported under simulated snowmelt, but not evaluated in the field, under snowmelt conditions. We examined the effectiveness of alum (Al 2 (SO 4) 3 ⋅18H 2 O), gypsum (CaSO 4 ⋅2H 2 O), and Epsom salt (MgSO 4 ⋅7H 2 O) in reducing P loss from two flood-prone agricultural fields (...
Conference Paper
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A field experiment was carried out at the research block of Directorate of Agricultural Research, Madhesh province, Parwanipur, Bara in2017 and 2018 to identify suitable rice genotypes for rainfed lowland ecosystem in Madhesh province. Coordinated varietal trial and Coordinated Farmers' field trial were conducted in rainy season in both the years....
Article
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Does peer acceptance promote active academic engagement in early adolescence? The existing theoretical and empirical evidence seemingly supports this commonly assumed positive relationship, but extant research has sometimes shown that peer acceptance can create risks that potentially decrease youth proactive academic engagement. The present researc...
Article
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We replicated and extended (N = 495) what is known about the relationships between the Dark Triad traits (i.e., narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy) and a wider range (than previously reported) of sociosexuality including risky sexual behaviors (e.g., lack of condom use) and sexuality in relation to dating applications like Tinder, in general...
Presentation
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Schreibförderung kennt bekanntlich viele Ansätze. Diese Ansätze haben unterschiedliche theoretische Herkünfte, sind divergierend gut erforscht, haben spezifische Förderziele und konkrete Maßnahmen sowie Voraussetzungen und Grenzen. All dies (angehenden) Lehrpersonen zu vermitteln, wird angesichts der großen Heterogenität herausfordernd. Darum ist e...
Article
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Via three experiments, we investigated heightened anxiety's effect on the offline planning and online correction of upper-limb target-directed aiming movements. In Experiment 1, the majority of task trials allowed for the voluntary distribution of offline planning and online correction to achieve task success, while a subset of cursor jump trials n...
Article
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The objective of this work was to evaluate the rooting of semi-hardwood blueberry minicuttings, from different cultivars and groups, from the Highbush and Rabbiteye groups in the same culture medium. The experiment was carried out in an agricultural greenhouse in a commercial nursery whith semi-hardwood mini-cuttings were used. The work was conduct...
Chapter
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The Fight the Villains of the Pandemic Game-Quiz is a risk management effort innovation to prevent and mitigate the infectious case of COVID-19 at Perak Matriculation residential college. This management effort was taken to raise the students’ awareness of the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and strengthening the practise of basic personal hyg...
Article
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While some areas of software engineering knowledge present great advances with respect to the automation of processes, tools, and practices, areas such as software maintenance have scarcely been addressed by either industry or academia, thus delegating the solution of technical tasks or human capital to manual or semiautomatic forms. In this contex...
Article
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Personal, work, and societal concerns about obesity and body fatness have triggered research on it across multiple domains. However, the organizational literature has been hampered by a significant shortcoming in considering it solely as an objective construct, despite research in other disciplines demonstrating a critical subjective component to h...
Presentation
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Securely Replicate PI System Data Across Segmented Networks
Preprint
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The mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) is packaged into discrete protein-DNA complexes called nucleoids. mtDNA packaging factor TFAM (mitochondrial transcription factor-A) promotes nucleoid compaction and is required for mtDNA replication. Here, we investigate how changing TFAM levels affects mtDNA in the Caenorhabditis elegans germ line. We show that in...
Article
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American Community Survey (ACS) data have become the workhorse for the empirical analysis of segregation in the U.S.A. during the past decade. The increased frequency the ACS offers over the 10-year Census, which is the main reason for its popularity, comes with an increased level of uncertainty in the published estimates due to the reduced samplin...
Article
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Aural lexical knowledge (ALK) is crucial for second language (L2) listening. Despite its importance, there is scant research that has validly explored the relationship between ALK and L2 listening across different English as a Foreign Language (EFL) contexts. In an effort to broaden this research base, the current study closely replicates a previou...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the isolated effect and the combination of products in the chemical treatment on the physiological potential of soybean seeds with different vigor levels, after different storage periods. The study was divided into four experiments, with different storage periods: 0, 45, 90 and 135 days, all with a completely r...
Article
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We present a study investigating the effect of tense (past vs. future) on the computation of scalar implicatures in connection with the German quantifier einige ‘some’ in an interactive experiment, which included a financial incentive for participants to consider whether another speaker would share their judgment. We tested the hypothesis that scal...
Article
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Sanitation is at the heart of public health policies in most of the developing world, where around 85% of the population still lack access to safe sanitation. We study the effectiveness of a widely adopted participatory community-level information intervention aimed at improving sanitation. Results from a randomized controlled trial, implemented at...
Article
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Single-cell Hi-C technology provides an unprecedented opportunity to reveal chromatin structure in individual cells. However, high sequencing cost impedes the generation of biological Hi-C data with high sequencing depths and multiple replicates for downstream analysis. Here we developed a single-cell Hi-C simulator (scHi-CSim) that generates high-...
Article
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The coffee plant is characterized by the irregular ripening of its fruits. This uneven ripening often makes it impossible to optimize its harvest, since green fruits are more adhered to the plant than those in the ripe and overripe stages. In addition, it can influence the final product’s beverage quality. The use of ethylene is an alternative to o...
Article
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To what extent can we tease apart semantic representations and processes from other influences on processing such as probabilistic prediction? In this paper I detail two experiments testing the hypothesis that there are semantic complexity in the lexical representations of result verbs that influences reaction times above and beyond probabilistic d...
Preprint
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Molnupiravir, an antiviral medication that has been widely used against SARS-CoV-2, acts by inducing mutations in the virus genome during replication. Most random mutations are likely to be deleterious to the virus, and many will be lethal. Molnupiravir-induced elevated mutation rates have been shown to decrease viral load in animal models. However...
Article
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This paper advocates for the value of open science in many areas of research. However, after briefly reviewing the fundamental principles underlying open science practices and their use and justification, the paper identifies four incompatibilities between those principles and scientific progress through applied research. The incompatibilities conc...
Preprint
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Telomere length maintenance is crucial to cancer cell immortality. Up to 15% of cancers utilize a telomerase-independent, recombination-based mechanism termed alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). The primary ALT biomarker is the C-circle, a type of circular DNA with extrachromosomal telomere repeats (cECTRs). How C-circles form is not well c...
Preprint
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In this work, we extend the scope of the JETSCAPE Framework to cover the jet radius(R) dependence of the jet Nuclear Modification factor (${R_{AA}}$) for broader area jet cones, going all the way up to R = 1.0 . Our primary focus has been the in-depth analysis of the high-${p_{T}}$ inclusive jets and the quenching effects observed in the Quark-gluo...
Article
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The continuous emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants poses challenges to the effectiveness of neutralizing antibodies. Rational design of antibody cocktails is a realizable approach addressing viral immune evasion. However, evaluating the breadth of antibody cocktails is essential for understanding the d...
Article
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In recent years, Industry 4.0 has provided many tools to replicate, monitor, and control physical systems. The purpose is to connect production assets to build cyber-physical systems that ensure the safety, quality, and efficiency of production processes. Particularly, the concept of digital twins has been introduced to create the virtual represent...
Article
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Yield instability and pod shattering are the major problems associated with soybean production in Nigeria. To study Genotype × Environment interaction effects on seed yield and pod shattering behaviour of some soybean genotypes in Nigeria, an experiment was conducted in three (3) environments within the country. In each environment, the experiment...
Article
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Introduction Previous language-switching studies have received scholastic attention and the observed switching cost patterns have provided empirical evidence for bilingual language control. However, results are inconsistent as the size of and (a)symmetry in switching costs differ across studies. In addition, there are various methodological differe...
Article
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Archimedes, the founder of statics and hydrostatics, in his mathematics and physics studies, created methods related to his inventions of new machines, for example, the method of mechanical theorems based on his lever invention. He also used the principles of decomposition and replication underlying his heat ray invention, and these two principles...
Article
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Although the human brain is adapted to function within three-dimensional environments, conventional laboratory research commonly investigates cognitive mechanisms in a reductionist approach using two-dimensional stimuli. However, findings regarding mnemonic processes indicate that realistic experiences in Virtual Reality (VR) are stored in richer a...
Article
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This experiment was conducted with fifteen genotypes of bread wheat introduced from ICARDA and two local varieties (Sham6 and Abu-Graib3), using three rows spacing (15, 25 and 35 cm). All genotypes were grown in 7 December, 2017 at Field Crops farm (inside Mosul University) under rain fed conditions with complementary irrigation, using split plots...
Preprint
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Recently, there has been growing interest in bicategorical models of programming languages, which are "proof-relevant" in the sense that they keep distinct account of execution traces leading to the same observable outcomes, while assigning a formal meaning to reduction paths as isomorphisms. In this paper we introduce a new model, a bicategory cal...
Article
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This experiment was conducted at farm of field crops department, collage of agriculture, Duhok University in spring 2018 to construct selection index. The results showed that all selection indices include the yield gave relative efficiency equal to those when used the yield only, the increase in efficiency was very low and not important, selection...
Article
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This paper compares the effect of feeding the abalone Haliotis asinina with seaweed (SW), formulated (FD), and mixed (SW+FD) diets. The feeding experiment, in six replicates, was conducted in a tank facility and lasted for 10 months. At the end of the experiment, abalone fed mixed diets had significantly the highest mean shell length and body weigh...
Article
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The family Yadokariviridae , with the genera Alphayadokarivirus and Betayadokarivirus , includes capsidless non-segmented positive-sense (+) RNA viruses that hijack capsids from phylogenetically distant double-stranded RNA viruses. Yadokarivirids likely replicate inside the hijacked heterocapsids using their own RNA-directed RNA polymerase, mimicki...
Article
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The present study examined high-risk personality traits and associations with psychopathology across multiple levels of a hierarchical-dimensional model of psychopathology in a large adolescent, general population sample. Confirmatory factor analyses were run using data from two randomized controlled trials of Australian adolescents (N = 8,654, mea...
Article
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Even as research on scaling and High Growth Firms (HFGs) is gaining momentum, the corpus of accumulated research remains largely fragmented and dispersed, with little in the way of a central conceptual foundation or ‘theoretical true north’ to guide empirical development. This Special Issue provides a forum for works that push the theoretical and e...
Article
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Larval Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamanders (Eurycea wilderae) are significant components of Appalachian streams, reaching densities up to 100/m 2. Not surprisingly, these salamanders fall prey to many types of predator. In order to test the hypothesis that larval E. wilderae actively avoid predators, we paired them against a variety of predators of th...
Article
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La vinculación con la comunidad es una de las actividades sustantivas dentro de las Universidades Interculturales, sin embargo; la gestión correcta de esta actividad presenta una serie de retos logísticos y pedagógicos. Así, este trabajo busca documentar la gestión de un proyecto exitoso de vinculación con la comunidad entre la Universidad Intercul...
Article
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It is anticipated that the rapid development of the Internet of Things (IoT) will improve the quality of human life. Nonetheless, large amounts of data need to be replicated, stored, processed, and shared, posing formidable challenges to communication bandwidth and information security. Herein, it is reported that polyimide (PI) threshold‐switching...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this research was to study the effect of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on different levels at 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8% of feed formula on growth performance and survival rate of Rugosed Frog (Hoplobatrachus rugulosus) raising in cement pond with a diameter of 100 cm. This experiment was a completely randomized design by using...
Article
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Previous studies have demonstrated the impact of potassium humate (KH) and chitosan (CH) on ameliorating drought effects, but their combined applications in promoting these benefits are still unfound. Therefore, the current study aims to evaluate the efficacy of KH and CH on corn growth, yield, nutrient contents, and water productivity under full a...
Research
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The present investigation deals with the preparation of aonla murabba by processing of freshly harvested matured aonla fruits. In the present work, Kanchan, Chakaiya and NA-7 were harvested from the Research Farm of College of Horticulture, Mandsaur, M.P. and were three replicates were selected for different treatment combinations, three levels of...
Article
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Separation or “perfect prediction” is a common problem in discrete choice models that, in practice, leads to inflated point estimates and standard errors. Standard statistical packages do not provide clear advice on how to correct these problems. Furthermore, separation can go completely undiagnosed in fitting advanced models that optimize a user-s...
Article
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We compared the effects of different “mastery” criteria and doses on the acquisition and maintenance of sight words for 4 second graders with and without disabilities. First, we replicated Set Analysis and Operant Analysis conditions where participants were taught sight words in 20-trial (4 operants, 5 opportunities) sessions. Acquisition criteria...
Article
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A common genome composition pattern in eubacteria is an asymmetry between the leading and lagging strands resulting in opposite skew patterns in the two replichores that lie between the origin and terminus of replication. Although this pattern has been reported for a couple of isolated plastid genomes, it is not clear how widespread it is overall i...
Article
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Sample recruitment for research consortia, biobanks, and personal genomics companies span years, necessitating genotyping in batches, using different technologies. As marker content on genotyping arrays varies, integrating such datasets is non-trivial and its impact on haplotype estimation (phasing) and whole genome imputation, necessary steps for...
Article
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As replications of individual studies are resource intensive, techniques for predicting the replicability are required. We introduce the repliCATS (Collaborative Assessments for Trustworthy Science) process, a new method for eliciting expert predictions about the replicability of research. This process is a structured expert elicitation approach ba...
Article
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Background and Hypothesis: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is treated with implant resection, debridement, and component reimplantation after infection eradication. Treatment consists of either a single surgery or two-stage surgery with intravenous antibiotic therapy between stages. We replicated a recent study which concluded two-stage treatm...
Preprint
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This paper presents Odyssey, a novel distributed data-series processing framework that efficiently addresses the critical challenges of exhibiting good speedup and ensuring high scalability in data series processing by taking advantage of the full computational capacity of modern clusters comprised of multi-core servers. Odyssey addresses a number...
Article
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Endorsement of implicit age stereotypes was assessed with the propositional evaluation paradigm (PEP) in a high-powered, preregistered study, comprising samples of young ( n = 89) and older ( n = 125) adults. To investigate whether implicit age stereotypes shape the behavior via self-stereotyping (“embodiment”), we examined whether implicit endorse...
Article
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Members of the insect order Odonata are known as good ecological indicators. Many are sensitive to habitat modifications and are easily monitored for use in environmental assessment studies. Rapid assessments rely on efficient sampling techniques. However, there is limited information available on sampling techniques for adult odonates, and protoco...
Preprint
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The relationship between political ideology and brain activity has captured the fascination of scientists and the public alike. Using approaches from cognitive neuroscience to provide insights into deeply held and personal beliefs requires careful navigation, with the application of robust methods that generate replicable results. A hallmark study...
Preprint
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is about making computers that do the sorts of things that minds can do, and as we progress towards this goal, we tend to increasingly delegate human tasks to machines. However, AI systems usually do these tasks with an unusual imbalance of insight and understanding: new, deeper insights are present, yet many important...
Article
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Background Boron (B) deficiency is an important factor for poor seed cotton yield and fiber quality. However, it is often missing in the plant nutrition program, particularly in developing countries. The current study investigated B's effect on growth, yield, and fiber quality of Bt (CIM-663) and non-Bt (Cyto-124) cotton cultivars. The experimental...
Preprint
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The release of ChatGPT has received significant attention from both scientists and the public. Despite its acknowledged capabilities and potential applications, the perception and reaction of individuals to content generated by ChatGPT is not well understood. To address this, we focus on two important application domains: recommendations for (i) so...
Preprint
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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common complication of diabetes. Approximately 20% of DR patients have diabetic macular edema (DME) characterized by fluid leakage into the retina. There is a genetic component to DR and DME risk, but few replicable loci. Because not all DR cases have DME, we focused on DME to increase power, and conducted a multi-anc...
Preprint
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Finetuning Pretrained Language Models (PLM) for IR has been de facto the standard practice since their breakthrough effectiveness few years ago. But, is this approach well understood? In this paper, we study the impact of the pretraining collection on the final IR effectiveness. In particular, we challenge the current hypothesis that PLM shall be t...
Article
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This paper will focus on electroencephalogram (EEG) signal analysis with an emphasis on common feature extraction techniques mentioned in the research literature, as well as a variety of applications that this can be applied to. In this review, we cover single and multi-dimensional EEG signal processing and feature extraction techniques in the time...
Article
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Pakistan's conventional feed supply is rapidly depleting, forcing the country to turn to non-conventional sustainable feed to meet the demand of the livestock and fishery sectors. The current study investigates the effect of pH on the nutritional composition of Lemna minor L., a freshwater macrophyte and a potential alternative feed. Fronds were gr...
Preprint
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Decisions in Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) about impacts of chemical compounds on different species are based on critical effect indices such as the 50% lethal concentration ( LC 50 ). Regulatory documents recommend dose-response model fitting on standard toxicity test data to get LC 50 values. However, toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic (TKTD) mode...
Article
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Objectives: The current research explored the interplay between intuition, meaning in life, and psychopathology. Specifically, we investigated whether experiential and reflective components of meaning in life are associated with depressive symptoms and personality pathology, whether intuition is related to the experience of meaning, and whether ps...
Article
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There is considerable debate about whether survey respondents regularly engage in “expressive responding” – professing to believe something that they do not sincerely believe to show support for their in-group or hostility to an out-group. Nonetheless, there is widespread agreement that one study provides compelling evidence for a consequential lev...