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Publications related to Renewable Resources (10,000)
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Article
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Natural bone constitutes a complex and organized structure of organic and inorganic components with limited ability to regenerate and restore injured tissues, especially in large bone defects. To improve the reconstruction of the damaged bones, tissue engineering has been introduced as a promising alternative approach to the conventional therapeuti...
Article
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Energy efficiency is an element to reduce energy consumption. Apart from the reduction, it can result in improving environmental quality and on a large scale, energy efficiency is an element of energy policy which leads to higher savings. It often takes the advantages of available renewable resources like generate electricity through sunlight, usin...
Article
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Traditional Chinese medicine polysaccharides (TCMPs) are plentiful and renewable resources with properties such as biocompatibility, hydrophilicity, biodegradability, and low cytotoxicity. Because the polysaccharide molecular chain contains a variety of active groups, different polysaccharide derivatives can be easily produced through chemical modi...
Article
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Wind speed is an important meteorological factor and is a parameter used to determine the air pollution assessment and the economic feasibility of wind energy as a renewable resource. In particular, the measurement of long-term average wind speed plays a role in the estimating of chronic exposure of air pollution and the siting of wind turbines; th...
Article
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In this current scenario, there is a broad range of use of resins in both domestic and industrial applications. Especially the importance of resins for adhesive in the wood industry is inevitable. But most of the commercially available resins for adhesive application are prepared of formaldehyde or fossil fuel-based resources which possess serious...
Article
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Energy demands have been increasing worldwide, endangering the future supply–demand energy balance. To provide a sustainable solution for future generations and to comply with the international goal to achieve Carbon Neutrality by 2050, renewable energies have been at the top of the international discussions, actively contributing to the energy tra...
Conference Paper
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Biodiesel and glycerol are acquired from animal fat or vegetable oil through transesterification reactionas in presence of a heterogeneous catalyst. Glycerol (10 wt%) is a by-product of total biodiesel production. Glycerol produced in a large amount can pose an environmental issue because it cannot be disposed of in the environment. Catalyst used f...
Article
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The present experimental work analyses the potential of lignin as a matrix for materials made from renewable resources for composite components and the production of hybrid semi-finished products by coating a flax fibre yarn. Natural fibres, due to their low density, in combination with lignin can be a new renewable source for lightweight products....
Article
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The current trend of using plastic material in the manufacturing of packaging products raises serious environmental concerns due to waste disposal on land and in oceans and other environmental pollution. Natural polymers such as cellulose, starch, chitosan, and protein extracted from renewable resources are extensively explored as alternatives to p...
Article
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Increasing energy demands exacerbated by energy shortages have highlighted the urgency of research on renewable energy technologies. Carbon materials that can be employed as advanced electrodes and catalysts can increase the accessibility of efficient and economical energy conversion and storage solutions based on electrocatalysis. In particular, c...
Article
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Forests are among the most important renewable natural resources. While having a great range of benefits, the crucial advantage of forests is the production of oxygen and the absorption of pollutants. Thus, the current article attempts to examine forest exploitation as a source of wood to prevent forest overexploitation. Three smugglers, residents,...
Article
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This review covers the development of eco-friendly, bio-based materials based on polylactide (PLA) and cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs). As a biodegradable polymer, PLA is one of the promising materials to replace petroleum-based polymers. In the field of nanocomposites, CNWs offer many advantages; they are made from renewable resources and exhibit be...
Article
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Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) assisted photogrammetry has been used to perform a non-contact measurement of the covers on the anaerobic wastewater lagoons at Melbourne Water Corporation’s Western Treatment Plant (WTP). These floating covers are valuable assets that eliminate odour and greenhouse gas emissions and harvest the methane-rich biogas as...
Article
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While world energy demand has certainly decreased with the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the need has been significantly on the rise since 2021, all as the world’s fossil fuel resources are depleting; it is widely accepted that these resources emit greenhouse gases (GHG), which are the leading cause for the climate crisis. The main co...
Article
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Lubrication is a procedure that involves the use of a chemical called lubricant to reduce wear on surfaces that are in relative motion with each other. It aids in the transmission of pressure created between opposing surfaces. Lubricants serve as anti-friction agents. They allow for flat-level operations by retaining superior machine functionality...
Article
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It is of great practical significance to prepare high-performance biopolymer composite films from renewable resources to replace ubiquitous petrochemical plastics. However, the unsatisfactory mechanical properties and single functionality of bio-polymers make them unable to meet the requirements of practical application. Herein, the tough, strong a...
Article
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Prosthesis is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost because of trauma, disease, or a condition present at birth (congenital disorder). The main component of the prosthesis is the prosthetic socket which is the device that joins the residual limb (stump) to the prosthesis and is manufactured using thermoplastics o...
Preprint
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A Country’s progress and development are mainly dependent on its indigenous energy supply capacity. For the past few decades, Pakistan is facing a severe energy crisis mainly due to political instability and a lack of renewable energy policies designed by the present as well as previous governments. According to Pakistan economic survey 2019-20, st...
Article
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One of the important areas of the energy transformation is the citizens involvement in the energy production process. This is a prerequisite for maintaining the security of supply and price stabilization. In order for all citizens to have equal opportunities to use green energy, regardless of financial and housing opportunities, energy cooperatives...
Thesis
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Solving the world’s energy problems is one of the great topics of our time. Recently, an increase in global awareness has led to a boom in the market for renewable energy technology. Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources that are naturally replenished on a human timescale. It includes sources such as sunlight, wind,...
Article
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Wind has been utilized for passive ventilation and mechanical power since antiquity. As an abundant renewable resource, today, wind is increasingly seen as a critical resource to help tackle issues associated with rapid urbanization and climate adaptation and mitigation, such as improving thermal comfort, providing clean energy, improving air quali...
Conference Paper
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Among the many anthropogenic applications of ammonia, its most important role (and on which the sustainability of modern societies strongly depends) is in the food production chain. Current efforts seek to reduce reliance on fossil fuels in key supply chains, although certain renewable resources remain difficult to frame into adequate production co...
Article
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Poly(2,5-furananedicarboxylate)s incorporating aliphatic moieties represents a promising family of polyesters, typically entirely based on renewable resources and with tailored properties, notably degradability. This study aims to go beyond by developing poly(isosorbide 2,5-furandicarboxylate-co-dodecanedioate) copolyesters derived from isosorbide...
Article
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Green investment is essential in protecting the environment from damage caused by non-green economic activity, including non-green investment. The development of green investment in Indonesia is still slow. Indonesia still uses massive non-renewable resources in addition to renewable resources. Indonesia still has difficulty increasing green invest...
Article
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Water scarcity has emerged as an intense global threat to humanity and needs prompt attention from the scientific community. Solar-driven interfacial evaporation and seawater desalination are promising strategies to resolve the primitive water shortage issue using renewable resources. However, the fragile solar thermal devices, complex fabricating...
Article
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Water scarcity has emerged as an intense global threat to humanity and needs prompt attention from the scientific community. Solar-driven interfacial evaporation and seawater desalination are promising strategies to resolve the primitive water shortage issue using renewable resources. However, the fragile solar thermal devices, complex fabricating...
Article
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Background: Phenolic compounds are food-derived bioactive compounds well-known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. They are in the spotlight for the management of diabetes due to their positive effects on glucose homeostasis. Materials and methods: We have performed a literature review on the main topics related to the applicati...
Article
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Epoxy resin insulation materials are mainly derived from petrochemical materials which have the disadvantages of resource consumption and environmental pollution. In order to cure bisphenol A epoxy resin, a maleopimaric anhydride (MPA) curing agent was prepared from rosin, a renewable resource, and blended with a petroleum-based curing agent (methy...
Article
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Plant protein adhesive has received considerable attention because of their renewable raw material and no harmful substances such as formaldehyde. However, for the plant protein adhesive used in the field of plywood, low cost, strong water resistance, and high bonding strength were the necessary conditions for practical application. In this work, a...
Article
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The view towards a sustainable bioeconomy is increasing the interest of using renewable natural resources in the production of composites. Until now, the production of sustainable composites has been mainly examined from the point of view of material composition and structure, by replacing petroleum-based components with those that are obtained fro...
Preprint
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Microgrid (MG) system, which is composed of renewable resources with the utility grid, energy storage unit, electric vehicles, and loads, acts as a single controllable entity. To get efficient and low-cost energy, need to manage power flow within MG depending on renewable resources and load demand. This paper proposes an energy management system (E...
Article
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To combat the adverse climatic condition in agriculture, a sustainable production system like organic agriculture is inseparable, which stimulates and increases agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. Throughout this context, this study examined the current literature on organic agriculture's...
Article
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We consider a classic machine scheduling problem under resource constraints. Given m parallel identical machines and a collection of additional but renewable resources, each task requires both a machine and one particular resource at any time of its processing. The goal is to allocate the machines and resources to the tasks so as to minimize the ma...
Article
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Phycobiliproteins, including phycoerythrins, are a group of water-soluble pigments produced by microalgae that show potential for being used as natural colourants. The replacement of synthetic compounds with natural colourants obtained from renewable resources is gaining increased interest in the beverages industry. The aim of the present study was...
Article
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Production of industrial solvents and chemicals from a renewable resource is quite appealing due to the dwindling fossil fuel reserves. It is essential to replace the utilization of plastic materials with biodegradable plastic materials like poly-lactic acid (PLA). In the current work, Pediococcus pentosaceus HLV1, a newly identified acetogenic str...
Article
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The addition of natural components with functional properties in novel food formulations confers one of the main challenges that the modern food industry is called to face. New EU directives and the global turn to circular economy models are also pressing the agro-industrial sector to adopt cradle-to-cradle approaches for their by-products and wast...
Article
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The major societal interests among the urban community at the moment represent a wide array of sustainable energy, climatic regulation, proper water use and sustainable production and consumption of renewable resources. As people migrate to urban areas, and more than half of the world population now live in cities, more pressure is put on the Water...
Article
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Renewable energy sources are the most necessitated natural energy to reduce fossil fuels globally. Fossil fuel is the most valuable and limited resource on the planet, but on the other hand, renewable energy creates less pollution. Solar energy is the most effective renewable resource for daily use. Solar power plants are necessary for domestic and...
Article
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Methanol derived from solar energy is a carbon-neutral alternative fuel for engines. The low viscosity of methanol is one of the problems that restrict its direct compression ignition application in engines. Glycerol is a renewable resource derived from biomass, and its viscosity is more than 1700 times that of methanol. In this study, glycerol was...
Article
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Metals and alloys are among the most technologically important materials for our industrialized societies. They are the most common structural materials used in cars, airplanes and buildings, and constitute the technological core of most electronic devices. They allow the transportation of energy over great distances and are exploited in critical p...
Article
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Lignin is the second most abundant biopolymer in the world. Due to its complex structure, lignin can be considered a valuable source of energy and different chemicals. In addition, using different reactive sites on lignin, it is possible to prepare different value-added products, such as resins, polyurethanes, and many more. Different functional gr...
Article
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The development of the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and the application of artificial intelligence (AI) enable electrical systems to actively engage in smart grid systems. Smart homes with energy storage systems (ESS) and renewable energy sources (RES)-known as home microgrids-have become a critical enabling technology for the smart grid....
Article
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Biofuels are increasingly important renewable resources in the world’s energy matrix that have challenged the scientific community as well as small and large farmers to develop alternatives to fossil fuels in order to achieve the aims of energy transition. In particular, Brazil’s proven competitiveness in agribusiness together with its rich biodive...
Article
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A large part of the electricity generation is from imported fossil fuels, which makes Turkey heavily dependent on fossil fuels. For this reason, Turkey aims to increase the ratio of renewable energy resources in the total installed power. Among renewable resources, Turkey's wind energy potential is very high. Although the onshore wind power install...
Article
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Hydrogen energy is a promising renewable resource for the sustainable development of society. As a key member of the fuel cell (FC) family, the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) has attracted a lot of attention because of characteristics such as having various sources as fuel and high energy conversion efficiency, and being pollution-free. SOFC is a hig...
Article
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Green hydrogen produced by water splitting using renewable energy is the most promising energy carrier of the low-carbon economy. However, the geographic mismatch between renewables distribution and freshwater availability poses a significant challenge to its production. Here, we demonstrate a method of direct hydrogen production from the air, name...
Article
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The search for renewable resources that can replace petroleum products is not only nerve-wracking, but also perplexing, as there is an abundance of plants that have yet to be explored. In this project, virgin castor oil was converted to polyol in two steps: epoxidation and hydroxylation. The resulting polyol was used to synthesize two series of wat...
Article
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The complexity of bottom-up energy system models has progressively grown to enhance the representativeness of the system under analysis. Among them, whole-energy system models aim at representing the energy resources, conversion technologies, and energy demands of regions (i.e., a country) in its entirety. Despite this effort leading to an increase...
Cover Page
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This book presents the conference proceedings of the F-EIR Conference 2021, Environment Concerns and its Remediation held in Chandigarh, India, October 18–22, 2021. The purpose of the conference and the volume is to present new ideas across a range of disciplines in environmental science, with a focus on theoretical and practical approaches to clea...
Article
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Pakistan is a developing country that faces severe energy crises due to the increased use of energy. The purpose of this study is energy transition by designing a strategy for the adoption of renewable energy policies in the entire energy system by using all renewable energy resources to forecast future energy needs and carbon emission mitigation p...
Article
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In this paper, stochastic synchronization of the wind and solar energy using energy storage system based on real-time pricing in the day-ahead market along with taking advantage of the potential of demand response programming has been analyzed. Since renewable energies, loads and prices are uncertain, and planning is based on real-time pricing, the...
Article
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Inspired by empirical evidence from the oil market, we build a model of an oligopoly facing a fringe as well as competition from renewable resources. We explore different subclasses of HARA utility functions (Cobb–Douglas, power and quadratic utility) to check the robustness of results found in the previous literature. For isoelastic demand, we cha...
Article
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Converting waste biomass resources through downdraft gasification can generate a producer gas for a combined heat and power unit. The study includes feedstock analysis, process modelling using ECLIPSE simulation software, and experimental analysis of materials in a pilot-scale fixed-bed downdraft gasifier. Anaerobic digestate and miscanthus were in...
Article
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Based on the collective forest with common use rights, the social-ecological system analysis framework and autonomous governance theory proposed by Elinor Ostrom are introduced in the forest eco-economic system to analyze the interaction logic among the first-level subsystems and the secondary variables of the forest eco-economic system and the var...
Article
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The issue of economic diversification has become of great importance for the countries, especially mono-economic countries, which suffer from imbalances in the structures of their economies resulting from their dependence on the only source of income, realized that oil is at the forefront of these resources, which made them characterized by a singl...