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Renewable Energy and Environment Protection - Science topic

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What are the new eco-innovations and green technologies that, if implemented on a large scale, would significantly mitigate the negative impacts of the current energy crisis?
Many new eco-innovations and green technologies have still not left the research laboratories, they are still in the research and testing, prototype phase. The current energy crisis should motivate both government agencies of ministries managing the energy sector and commercially operating companies and enterprises in the energy sector to subsidise the ongoing research work, conducted in research and development institutions on the creation and industrial-scale implementation of new eco-innovations and green energy technologies. The current energy crisis is characterised by rapidly rising fuel and energy prices and the increasing scale of energy shortages. In some countries, the government is offering subsidies for the purchase of more expensive fuels and energy. However, this creates another pro-inflationary factor. Another and perhaps more sensible solution to support citizens and businesses to survive the energy crisis would be to increase subsidies to R&D and scientific institutions in whose laboratories new eco-innovations and energy technologies are developed. This raises the question of what kind of new eco-innovations and green energy and other technologies being created now, what kind of R&D should be subsidised now?
The creation of what kinds of eco-innovations and green technologies should now be subsidised?
What are the new eco-innovations and green technologies whose funding of large-scale implementation programmes could mitigate the negative effects of the energy crisis?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please respond,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I strongly believe the number one innovation would be a cell to be adapted to flue gas outlets to permit air pollution control and CO2 emissions, this would not be a break to the development of other technologies, but it would allow a more smooth transition.
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What eco-innovations and green energy technologies can be developed and implemented to help build backyard power plants and mini-generation plants that can be built quickly within the framework of renewable energy sources and thus more smoothly survive the developing energy crisis?
With much of the energy industry operating on the basis of burning fossil fuels, accelerating the development of renewable energy sources may help the economy to get through the currently developing energy crisis. Unfortunately, it will take time to build large-scale power plants such as nuclear power plants or hydrogen production companies for the development of hydrogen energy. In contrast, the energy crisis is already developing. In addition, in order to increase the diversification of energy sources and realise an environmentally and climate-friendly transformation of the energy sector, it is necessary to develop various renewable and emission-free energy sources. In this way, the independence of the national energy system can be increased and the level of energy security enhanced. Countries where the development of renewable and zero-carbon energy sources was neglected in previous years are now facing more economic problems due to the developing energy crisis. An example of this type of country is the one in which I operate, i.e. a country in which three quarters of energy is still produced on the basis of dirty, combustion-based energy, i.e. based on the combustion of fossil fuels, wood and other materials or organic waste. In view of the current energy crisis and the prospective climate crisis, the following question therefore arises: What kind of backyard power plants, mini-generation plants can be built quickly to become operational even before the next heating season? What eco-innovations and green energy technologies can help to build backyard power plants and mini-generation plants that can be built quickly within the framework of renewable energy sources and thus more smoothly survive the developing energy crisis?
What do you think about this topic?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please answer,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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This topic is interesting.
The benefits of renewable energy use are less global warming, improved public health, inexhaustible energy, jobs and other economic benefits, stable energy prices, reliability, and resilience.
But I believe that renewable energy is not a viable alternative to fossil fuels. If not good enough to be a replacement source, then regardless of its other desirable attributes, renewable energy is not truly viable.
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When used in powering motor vehicles and heating homes, can biofuels be helpful in reducing the negative effects of the current energy crisis?
Ethanol-powered cars were already produced in Poland in the 1930s. The combustion of ethanol-based biofuels in biofuel stoves emits mainly CO2 and water vapour without the fumes, harmful substances produced when burning coal, wood etc. The production of agricultural crops and processed food products generates a lot of organic waste from which biofuels can be produced.
The biofuels produced in this way, which are mainly based on ethanol, can be used in biofires to heat residential buildings.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
When used in powering motor vehicles and heating homes, can biofuels help to reduce the negative effects of the current energy crisis?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please answer with reasons,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Thank you,
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Although Biofuels are safe things as fuel, replacement of them as energy is not affordable. For instance, when we want to produce biofuel from waste materials like waste foods, we should spend lots of fossil fuel for the degradation of them into other materials which could be used as biofuel. Indeed, not only do we spend a lot of time on degradation, but we also use a lot of other energy for the transformation of waste material.
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Dear
In the context of the increasing scale of the energy and climate crisis, mainly renewable and zero-carbon energy sources will be developed in the future, which mainly include hydrogen energy and fusion-based energy. This raises the following question:
What are the opportunities for the development of zero-carbon hydrogen and/or fusion-based energy?
What are the possibilities for hydrogen energy applications in powering motor vehicles, cars, aircraft, etc. and supplying buildings and industrial plants with electricity and heat from hydrogen and/or fusion-based energy?
What technologies still need to be improved and developed so that zero-carbon hydrogen and/or fusion-based energy can rapidly become widespread and dominant energy sources?
What is your opinion on the subject?
What do you think about this topic?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz:
At the first, and as you know the various uses for hydrogen is:
Hydrogen use contemporary is governed by industry, that is to say: lubricate cleansing, ammonia result, flammable liquid result and steel result. Nearly all concerning this hydrogen is supplied utilizing nonrenewable energy, so there is meaningful potential for diffusions reductions from clean hydrogen.
In transport, the competitiveness of hydrogen fuel container cars depends on fuel container costs and refuelling stations while for trucks the preference search out reduce the brought price of hydrogen. Ships and navigation have limited depressed-element fuel alternatives available and show an space for hydrogen-located fuels.
In buildings, hydrogen maybe integrated into existent natural gas networks, accompanying the topmost potential in multifamily and monetary buildings, specifically in thick cities while lengthier-term prospects commit involve the direct use of hydrogen in hydrogen boilers or fuel cells.In capacity production, hydrogen is individual of the leading alternatives for hoarding energy from undepletable source, and hydrogen and ammonia maybe secondhand in smoke turbines to increase power whole elasticity. Liquid could too be secondhand in bitumen-fired capacity plants to humble issuances.
Demand for hydrogen:
Furnishing hydrogen to industrial consumers is immediately a major trade about the world. Demand for hydrogen, that has grown in addition to three times as many since 1970, persists to rise – generally supplied from hydrocarbon deposits, with 6% of all-encompassing oil and 2% of global bitumen make use of hydrogen production.
By way of, production of hydrogen arrange Colorless odorless gas emissions of about 830 heap tonnes of carbon dioxide occurring, equivalent to the Colorless odorless gas emissions of the British empire and Indonesia combined.
Loyal power generation from renewables or nuclear energy offers an alternative to the use of gridiron power for hydrogen result.
Take cost into account:
With dropping costs for sustainable power, exceptionally from solar PV and wind, interest is increasing in electrolytic hydrogen and skilled have happened various demonstration projects in current age. Bearing all of today’s hard-working hydrogen output from power would influence an power demand of 3 600 TWh, as well the total annual electricity production of the Economic unit.
Accompanying declining costs for cosmic PV and wind creation, building electrolysers at areas accompanying excellent energy from undepletable source conditions take care of enhance a low-cost supply alternative for hydrogen, even after allowing for possibility the broadcast and distribution costs of moving hydrogen from (frequently remote) renewables points to the end-consumers.
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The IEA’s 7 key recommendations to scale up hydrogen
1- Establish a role for hydrogen in long-term energy strategies. National, regional and city governments can guide future expectations. Companies should also have clear long-term goals. Key sectors include refining, chemicals, iron and steel, freight and long-distance transport, buildings, and power generation and storage.
2- Stimulate commercial demand for clean hydrogen. Clean hydrogen technogies are available but costs remain challenging. Policies that create sustainable markets for clean hydrogen, especially to reduce emissions from fossil fuel-based hydrogen, are needed to underpin investments by suppliers, distributors and users. By scaling up supply chains, these investments can drive cost reductions, whether from low‑carbon electricity or fossil fuels with carbon capture, utilisation and storage.
3- Address investment risks of first-movers. New applications for hydrogen, as well as clean hydrogen supply and infrastructure projects, stand at the riskiest point of the deployment curve. Targeted and time-limited loans, guarantees and other tools can help the private sector to invest, learn and share risks and rewards.
4- Support R&D to bring down costs.
Alongside cost reductions from economies of scale, R&D is crucial to lower costs and improve performance, including for fuel cells, hydrogen-based fuels and electrolysers (the technology that produces hydrogen from water). Government actions, including use of public funds, are critical in setting the research agenda, taking risks and attracting private capital for innovation.
5- Eliminate unnecessary regulatory barriers and harmonise standards. Project developers face hurdles where regulations and permit requirements are unclear, unfit for new purposes, or inconsistent across sectors and countries. Sharing knowledge and harmonising standards is key, including for equipment, safety and certifying emissions from different sources. Hydrogen’s complex supply chains mean governments, companies, communities and civil society need to consult regularly.
6- Engage internationally and track progress. Enhanced international co‑operation is needed across the board but especially on standards, sharing of good practices and cross-border infrastructure. Hydrogen production and use need to be monitored and reported on a regular basis to keep track of progress towards long‑term goals.
7- Focus on four key opportunities to further increase momentum over the next decade.
I hope it will be helpful...
Best wishes...
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Natural and rural landscape modifications by human interventions such as infrastructures, industrial and energy plants are often considered as a major barrier to projects' implementation.
Ex ante assessment of the economic cost of visual intrusion is considered a way to ease projects' implementation, by providing information for land planning (suitable and non-suitable areas) and project siting (impact mitigation).
The problem is that conventional methods to assess the economic value of landscape impacts (i.e. contingent evaluation of the willingness to pay) are very expensive and generate site-specific information that is difficult to transfer to other geographic contexts.
Evaluating methods able to integrate the use of internationally available statistics and indicators (proxies of landscape values) would ease comparability and transferability of economic estimates of landscape value.
Which are the suggested methods able to achieve these targets? Which are the available statistics/indicators on which such methods could rely?
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Another method is using the gap between the physical planning by authorities and what is actually observed on the ground. You always find that in developing countries, there is a great difference between what is planned and what is on the ground. What is on the ground is more than what was planned. This can be a method that can be used to assess social cost.
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Unfortunately, more and more results of climatologists' research confirm the thesis that human civilization activity is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions and a progressive global warming process. Because the human development of civilization is the main source of the progressing and probably accelerating global warming process, the man should reform processes of development of the energy sector and other industries so as to significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and various aspects of environmental pollution in the coming years.
Because it is not easy to introduce such taxes due to the strong lobbying of large corporations, it may be a better solution to introduce regulations that require enterprises to switch to renewable energy sources and use biodegradable raw materials instead of, for example, very slowly degradable plastics. The development of this type of solutions could be activated also through the system of specific tax concessions or subsidies for investment expenditures from the state budget fudnsh. In this way, pro-environmental state interventionism would be developed. This type of process has already begun in the European Union. For example, at the end of 2018, regulations were introduced banning the use of plastic in the packaging of various products within the European Union and as cutlery in restaurants from 2022. However, this is just the beginning of the process, which should be developed on a much larger scale within the framework of pro-environmental state intervention.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What are the main determinants of the implementation of pro-environmental state intervention?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Shuraik,
Thanks for the answer. That's right. In recent years, due to the accelerating changes in climate, the process of global warming is growing in importance of pro-environmental state intervention. How the pro-environmental state interventionism should be properly implemented has already been researched and demonstrated. I am doing research on this and the results of this research have been described in the published articles that I have posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal. However, the results of these studies are still ignored by decision-makers planning, shaping and implementing national environmental policy. In a country where the process of pro-environmental transformation of the economy operates, instead of being conducted fairly, it is slowed down and limited. Still most of the electricity is technologically obsolete, government-controlled and monopolistic large companies in the energy sector by burning fossil fuels. Investments in renewable energy sources are limited despite large revenues from speculative trading of CO2 emission rights. This is one of the key drivers of rising energy prices. In view of the above, despite the existing for at least several years the possibilities of increasing the scale of pro-environmental state interventionism, these opportunities were not only not used, but also deliberately the processes of the pro-environmental transformation of the mining and energy sector were and are still being limited and slowed down.
Thank you,
Regards,
Dariusz
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Hello Researchers,
Energy is one of the most influential sectors in recent years. So, optimal management of this sector will be of great importance. In your opinion, what will be the energy management issues, in the future?
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Good answer by Y.L. Zhukovskiy
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What types of eco-innovation are being developed in your country?
What kind of ecological innovations should be developed in your opinion?
How should they be finansed, whether by the industry from commercial enterprises funds, or by the state from public funds or in the framework of public-private partnership?
What types of renewable energy sources should be refined and developed through new eco-friendly innovations? What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of ecological innovations?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Dear Dr Dariusz Prokopowicz . The topics including: carbon capture and storage systems, more efficient irrigation methods, essential medicines, household water purification devices, and manufacturing processes that minimize waste and pollution.
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I'm looking for an interesting research topic or topics surrounding business management. Preferentially, any suggestions which have a focus on healthcare or renewable energy as these are interests of mine, but suggestions surrounding any discipline would be appreciated.
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To what extent 5G technology will affect e-commerce transactions?
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What are the examples of eco-innovations that can significantly reduce the scale of environmental pollution and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow down the faster global warming process?
Currently, the problem of growing garbage with unsorted waste is ignored in many countries, but because in the future the negative aspects of the problem of environmental pollution, including plastic, will grow, so in the future other countries will also try to solve this problem.
The problem of environmental pollution with plastic waste is one of the key global problems. This problem should be solved in all countries, and above all those that "generate" the most. The European Union has already undertaken specific measures in this direction, eg by introducing legal regulations under which plastic will be withdrawn from packaging by 2021 and replaced with biodegradable materials such as vegetable origin. However, these regulations concern only European Union countries.
Similarly with other aspects of environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Also, some large global economies are currently ignoring growing problems. But such an approach must be quickly changed, because there is little time to implement pro-ecological reforms, primarily in terms of reducing environmental pollution and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
As regards the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, it is necessary to reform the energy sector in such a way as to switch from the production of electricity based on the classic energy based on the combustion of minerals to technologies based on the development of renewable energy sources. In addition, it is also important to develop electromobility in the automotive industry and other types of transport.
The global warming process is progressing faster, the scale of the negative effects of climatic disasters and weather anomalies, which are a consequence of the ever-faster global warming process, is increasing. There is little time left, according to climatologists only max. over a dozen years to implement the necessary ecological reforms and innovations, including in the area of energy development based on renewable energy sources, to stop or even significantly slow down the ever-faster global warming process.
In addition, one of the main types of eco-innovations includes innovative technologies for building zero-energy houses and residential buildings. The special design and materials used ensure low energy consumption and closure of the energy cycle in a cycle in which household power plants generating heat and electricity based on renewable energy sources are an integral part, primarily through the use of photovoltaic panels and wind farms.
As part of the implementation of the necessary pro-ecological reforms, it is also necessary to develop eco-innovations that will improve the automation of waste segregation and recycling processes. In addition, it is also important to create innovative technologies for the creation of new biodegradable materials that will replace plastic in packaging.
A good solution is the use of packaging made of biodegradable materials of origin, eg vegetable, on the basis of raw materials in the form of crops. These types of packaging could be consumed after their use, such as plates and cutlery made of rice or other cereals, or could be processed into compost for animal feed or for fertilizing arable land, or for incineration in a specially built incineration plant.
In connection with the above, the increasingly common application of ecological innovations, which are necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to limit, slow down the faster global warming process, will also contribute to increasing the scale of sustainable green economic development realized according to the green economy concept.
These processes of implementation of ecological innovations and implementation of pro-ecological reforms should be conducted in all countries, and to the largest extent in developed and developing countries, industrialized countries, including the largest economies in the world, which are the largest emitters of greenhouse gases and producers of garbage and non-degradable waste, toxic or hardly degradable.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
What are the examples of eco-innovations that can significantly reduce the scale of environmental pollution and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow down the faster global warming process?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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On 1.11.2021, Earth, which is very important for the future of our planet, began at the UN Climate Summit COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland. A little earlier, i.e. during the G20 summit preceding the Glasgow summit, the target of reducing CO2 emissions was set so that in the current 21st century the temperature increase would only reach 1.5 degrees C. Based on scientific research and predictive models, it is estimated that 2.7 degrees Celsius, the temperature of the atmosphere will increase, even if all the previous Paris decisions and the previous COP climate summits are implemented, it is too much. It is necessary to urgently create further ecological innovations and capture CO2 from the atmosphere so that the increase in the temperature of the atmosphere at the end of this century stops at 1.5 degrees C. Until now, the temperature of the atmosphere has increased by 1.1 degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial era. It is necessary to urgently create and implement new pro-environmental innovations and ecological technologies, thanks to which the green transformation of the energy sector will be fully accomplished during the present decade of the 1920s. Only in this way will the increase in the temperature of the atmosphere along the current path of growth, estimated at around 2.7 degrees C at the end of the 21st century, be significantly reduced and we will avoid the climatic Armageddon at the end of this century.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What actions should be taken to remove or replace these barriers to the chances of developing renewable energy sources?
Are the main barriers to the development of renewable energy sources the lobbying of enterprises in the energy sector producing electricity and heat based on traditional energy of burning minerals? Is there a lack of financial resources in the majority of countries regarding the financing of high-budget pro-environmental projects from public finance funds? Should there be new, new ecological innovations, new technological solutions in the field of renewable energy sources, electromobility in the automotive field, new generations of batteries, photovoltaic panels, energy storage and transmission stations, hydrogen engines, etc. to produce and use electricity generated on the basis of renewable source of energy has become profitable to become a profitable business? If this process lasts for a long time, there may be a shortage of time to implement the necessary reforms aimed at disseminating in the global economy a model of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the concept of green economy. If this process lasts much longer than by 2030, there may not be enough time to carry out the necessary reforms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and, consequently, the planet's warming process will accelerate considerably, this process will be irreversible and will continue to accelerate and towards the end of the 21st century century will lead to a global climate disaster that threatens the life of all humanity and most other forms of life on Earth.
In view of the above, the current question is: What are the main barriers to the development of renewable energy sources?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Lobbying of nonrenewable energy sector is main barrier in the development of renewable energy. In developing countries the allocation of funds and proper utilization is also barrier.
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As per carbon content biochar has higher value, but what is the reason biochar is not used in power plant
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What innovations have been used in recent years to help protect the environment?
Please reply
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All the ones that don't work best; but they make money.
Lou
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In order to effectively promote the issue of natural ecosystems in the context of developing models of sustainable development, it is first necessary to develop an information program that will act as the content of specific social campaigns conducted in various types of media, including new media, also on social media portals. Both social information campaigns should be conducted on a large scale. In addition, there should be successive changes to the law, ie new legal regulations that will motivate the transformation of business models towards the development of green economy and sustainable development. These campaigns should also motivate research centers to create new ecological innovations and new technological solutions in the field of renewable energy sources.
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Mohammad Mahamood,
Thanks for the kind word.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Humans are the largest pest ever seen on Earth. How do we think (we must do something) after terrible mass extinctions, trilobites, dinosaurs(are we the next dinosaurs?) we are almost "to blame" when knowing the Earth's permanent recycling but still continue to use up resources (like buring the dead) or petrol or coal, it will one day end, it has been speeded up by humans, we think there has been life on Mars, we still say it is us, we use resources, (we may not replace them), the Earth life will end... But a meteorite could end with the dinosaurs life (or the trilobites)?
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Hi Dr Mª Angeles Zorrilla Lopez-Perea . Surely some day the life will end on the earth .When ? no one knows. This is not because consuming of resources but because anything has a start should have an end.
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Recently, discussions have been held in the public debate on issues related to the development of the green economy concept, the need to introduce pro-ecological policy reforms, etc. to make it possible to achieve globally sustainable pro-ecological economic development in the perspective of the next years.
In the context of the problem of determining determinants of sustainable pro-ecological economic development, the following question also appears:
How should the new economy be developed in accordance with the green economy concept in the field of renewable energy development by means of which instruments and reforms of green energy policy, so that it is possible to achieve globally sustainable pro-ecological economic development in the perspective of the next years?
How effective green economy philosophy should be developed in a pro-environmental energy policy in order to solve key development problems of human civilization, ie environmental pollution, effective and quick to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thus slow down the global warming process , activation of the development of electromobility, development of modern non-emitting harmful waste to the environment, renewable energy sources, development of organic agricultural production, development of biodegradable packaging production, etc. with the use of electricity produced from renewable energy sources?
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
How should pro-ecological energy policy be developed according to the green economy concept in the field of renewable energy development?
How should programs for the development of renewable energy sources be financed?
Should the state co-finance, within public-private partnerships with public funds, large investment projects for the construction of power plants producing electricity based on modern technologies of renewable energy sources?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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The development of renewable energy sources is now a key element of the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector, implementation of the sustainable development goals, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, implementation of the green economy concept, etc.
I invite you to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What are the side-effects of drinking bottled or RO water for the long-term , say 10-20 years of time. How to escape or avoid with such challenges scientifically ?
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
Can we replace it with rain water harvesting ?
What is the use of waste water generated ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the water table and local economy ?
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El agua es muy importante para la vida, pero de hecho se están investigando posibles efectos secundarios. Es cierto que al hervir el agua esta hace una base blanca en el fondo llamada magnesia que es perjudicial para el organismo humano.
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How would you design a similar or different futurological energy and civilization project, containing renewable energy sources of renewable energy and recreation of natural conditions, referring to natural ecosystems, which after years would gain the possibility of self-recreating?
For example, whether with unlimited investment funds or whether it would be possible to achieve a sustainable economic ecosystem from scratch to achieve economic efficiency at least at the zero growth level as follows: Can a large solar power plant be developed in the desert and water obtained from energy to develop agricultural production and plant ecosystems, including forest ecosystems, which, after several dozen years, could almost function themselves? An important factor would be the possible progressive climate change in a given area and the geographical scope of the area covered by this investment project.
In some science fiction movies there are scenes that suggest that it is possible, economically justified and real. However, the vision presented in science-fiction movies to create real projects can, however, be a very big difference. But many futurological visions that were created in the past have been implemented, so it is justified to undertake such attempts to create further futurological projects.
In connection with the above, I would like to ask you the following question: How would you design energy if you had unlimited financial resources? How would you design a similar or different futurological energy and civilization project, containing renewable energy sources of renewable energy and recreation of natural conditions, referring to natural ecosystems, which after years would gain the possibility of self-recreating?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Dear Farid Ali David,
Thank you for your valuable substantive contribution to our discussion on innovative projects implemented in the field of energy technologies.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Researchers,
I Hope All is Well with You.
Finally, our article, the most comprehensive review-research article in the field of forest biomass and bioenergy supply chain resilience, is published in the journal of sustainability.
You will find everything you need to learn and know in the field of forest biomass and bioenergy supply chain resilience in this article including research gaps, suggestions, future directions, set of resilience barriers, set of resilience enablers, set of resilience main factors, the relations among them etc.
It is OPEN ACCESS!
Use the Following Link to Access the Article:
You Can Take Advantage of it Freely.
Please Share it with Others.
Thank You.
Best Regards,
Dashtpeyma
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Mosayeb Dashtpeyma excellent and yes i ahve been personally looking for such a paper and was also involved in the studies related to biomass assessment when we are talking about feedstocks related to Biomethanation or anaerobic digestion plants
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Renewable energy sources?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Renewable energy sources.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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A very hot question today. Thanks to the colleague Chinaza Godswill Awuchi for the interesting information in this area. I fully support him.
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The problem is when the economically weak, small domestic economy has only traditional energy minerals, such as hard coal or lignite, and there are no developed different forms of renewable energy sources. In such a situation, there is a lack of financial resources for switching energy to renewable energy sources so as to move towards sustainable development according to the philosophy of the new, green economy, in order to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. The warming of the Earth's climate is already a fact and is a serious growing problem. Therefore, renewable energy sources should be developed. Rich countries should support countries characterized by weaker economy, lower incomes and based on traditional energy technologies. It is therefore necessary to strengthen international cooperation in the area of promotion, support and financing of investment projects, thanks to which it will be possible to develop renewable energy sources in the future and aim at sustainable pro-ecological development.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: Why is there still traditional energy based on burning minerals in some countries?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion
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The processes of pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector are already progressing in many countries. Renewable energy sources are developed. However, taking into account the accelerating pace of the global warming process over the last few decades, the processes of pro-ecological transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector, should proceed much faster.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What are the factors that most influence the decision to purchase a photovoltaic system?
What do consumers think about photovoltaic distributed generation?
Are consumers' thoughts about the distributed generation of photovoltaic energy consistent with reality?
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The cost of the system in the short term compared to the available conventional energy negatively affects the decision. I think to achieve the goal for green and clean energy, there should be government incentives or waivers for customers who develop an interest in procuring photovoltaic systems.
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A significant part of the pro-ecological reforms as part of the transformation of the energy sector and the development of renewable energy sources is carried out by private companies.
However, these are usually undertakings not resulting from market processes only from changing legal norms established by the state administration.
In addition, the construction of large nuclear power plants, water plants and the type of large wind and solar farms absorbs huge financial resources with predicted relatively low profitability.
Therefore, private enterprises are not interested in investing in the development of large power plants that produce electricity under renewable energy sources if the state does not provide financial support under financial guarantees and a share in investment costs.
The development of electromobility in the automotive industry in some countries is also supported by the state to a large extent.
In some countries, the state from the budget funds of the central public finance system refinances a significant part of the costs of purchasing an electric car and finances the development of the necessary infrastructure of electric vehicle charging points deployed on the streets and arteries.
Therefore, the development of renewable energy sources, ie the key element of the pro-ecological transformation of the energy sector, should be coordinated organisationally and financially supported by the state.
In the context of increasing emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere and the ever-faster global warming process, the pro-ecological transformation of the energy sector should be carried out as soon as possible.
It is not possible to implement proecological reforms in the energy sector and implement ecological innovations in other sectors of industry as well as wait for the resources of energy (hard coal, lignite, oil, natural gas) to run out.
This process can not be left solely to the market mechanism within the framework of classical or neoclassical economics.
In order for an environmentally-friendly transformation of the energy sector to be effected efficiently and as soon as possible, a significant share of financial support from the state is indispensable.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Should the state co-finance the development of renewable energy sources or only the private sector?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Renewable energy production methods available today can easily be invested into by those who might see return in it.
Instead of cofunding directly such investments, States should consider regulating and progressively ramping-out inefficient systems fit for out of date energy production methods.
An example is banning atmospheric engine vehicles within a decade.
Research into new energy production methods should be funded by States
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When planning and designing buildings, and urban environments, especially cities with many high-rises, simulating airflow is an important tool for studying how the city’s layout might affect expected temperatures, among other things. Other areas of use include modeling and predicting wind load on buildings to study Fluid-Structure Interaction(FSI). The local climate around a building in an urban environment can differ significantly from the more general weather data often used in the computation. Consequently, local wind and temperature conditions affect heating and cooling as energy requirements for buildings. However, there is still a stumbling block. Existing simulations use extremely simplified geometric descriptions of the urban environment, which results in poor computational precision. (The photo has been taken from Chalmers university of technology.)
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The answer depends on a scale of your problem. In some application there is a lot of emphasis on representation of the extremely fine details. Please see for example
In the end, it all depends on the capacity of your computer and the ability to digitize complex structures.
For a problem shown in your figure, you can represent the effect of a missing structure by appropriate parameterization of the surface roughness.
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Key questions for humanity in the 21st century:
- Will the man manage to switch the classic energy to renewable energy sources to slow down the global warming process and prevent global climate catastrophe and the destruction of most life forms at the end of the 21st century, if so little will be done on the issue of the implementation of the necessary proecological reforms?
- In the 21st century, will man be able to convert most of the classic energy into renewable energy sources to achieve a fully sustainable ecological economy based on the concept of green economy?
- In the 21st century, will man be able to switch most of the classic energy based on the burning of minerals by turning this source of environmental pollution and a source of global warming to renewable energy sources to achieve a fully sustainable ecological economy based on the concept of green economy?
- In the 21st century, will a man in the development of civilization manage to achieve a fully sustainable ecological economy based on the concept of green economy before the global climate catastrophe?
The ever-faster greenhouse effect on Earth has already been recognized by many research centers as fact.
If the global warming process is not stopped by introducing environmentally-friendly economic policy reforms, the development of ecological and innovative technologies, primarily in the field of renewable energy, electromobility, waste segregation, recycling, etc. Earth at the end of the 21st century is threatened by global climate disaster related to global warming and rising frequency and scale of emerging weather anomalies and climatic cataclysms.
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
In the 21st century, will a man in the development of civilization manage to achieve a fully sustainable ecological economy based on the concept of green economy before the global climate catastrophe?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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There is no path to protecting the climate without dramatically changing how we produce and use electricity: nearly 40% of US CO2 pollution comes from power plants burning fossil fuels. Two-thirds of greenhouse gas emissions come from energy-related sources. This makes the transition to sustainable energy the decisive factor in tackling climate change. The utilization of renewable energy systems significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to rising global temperatures and reduces local air pollution and water contamination.
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Renewable energy sources based on solar energy belong to those types of renewable energy, which should be developed in the next years in the energy sector, because it is the production of clean energy.
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Due to the development of renewable energy sources and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, is it possible that in 2030 most of the world's electricity production will come from solar energy, or will significantly diversified energy sources continue to dominate?
Thank you, Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Sustainable development is very important in the context of the increasing use of resources and environmental pollution.
The basic issue that must be achieved within the framework of full sustainable development is the renewal of resources, reduction of economic growth to the optimal level ensuring renewable resources, reduction of environmental pollution, creation of biodegradable substitutes for fossil fuels, replacement of traditional energy based on mineral combustion for technological innovations in in the field of energy, including the development of energy based on renewable energy sources, etc. To this should be added a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions to slow down the negative aspects of the oceogenic climate of the Earth. There is so much to do in these themes and, above all, a great deal to do in the 21st century so that it would not be too late.'
To effectively carry out this process, it is necessary to develop universal, precise measures of sustainable development that will be used globally and will be recognized as the standards for assessing the process of achieving and achieving sustainable economic development in harmony with ecology.
But it is very difficult to establish precise measures for the sustainable development process. Sustainable economic development in correlation with ecology should be measured to determine if it is being implemented. It is necessary to define precise determinants that on one hand will determine the pace of economic development and on the other hand will take into account specific issues of ecology. It should be a set of quantified indicators based on selected measurable and quantitative data, so that the whole analytical process can be considered as a research objective method. The best solution will therefore be to develop an analytical scoring method, for which the basic components of this method will be defined economic and ecological quantitative indicators.
In the light of the above, the question arises: Is sustainable development possible taking into account the full harmony of economic development with ecology?
Even if it is unrealistic, what are the reasons for building a theoretical model that would present such a fully balanced development?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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today 18 March is World Recycling Day.
World Recycling Day was established in 2018 by the Global Recycling Foundation.
The anniversary of 18 March celebrates the importance of recycling and at the same time aims to raise awareness of citizens and institutions in protecting the environment. The correct differentiation of waste makes them come back to life, with the mission of safeguarding our Earth.
An anniversary, therefore, dedicated to celebrating the importance of correct waste separation in order to create a circular economy that enhances resources and protects the future of the planet. A green goal strongly reaffirmed also by the constraint placed by the European Union in the Next Generation EU. In fact, a large portion of the post-Covid-19 funds to be distributed to individual states is bound to policies and economic choices aimed at the ecological transition, at a strongly and truly sustainable change.
For more details, please see at: https://www.globalrecyclingfoundation.org/
My best regards, Pierluigi Traverso.
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In which large pro-ecological investment projects many new jobs can be created and in the long-term, new economic added value will be generated, and revenue will be increased and economic growth will be improved?
In what undertakings, types of economic activity should a pro-development sustainable development policy be used to generate additional jobs and improve economic growth for the period of forecasted slowdown in economic growth?
In my opinion, an example of this type of large pro-ecological investment projects is the construction of large power plants producing electricity as part of renewable energy technologies.
What other large pro-environmental investment projects can generate new economic added value, increase in revenues and improvement of economic growth in the long-term perspective?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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The key issue is interventionist support for the development of these pro-environmental investment projects implemented under public-private partnerships or by fully commercially operating economic entities, which in the coming years will become profitable and / or will contribute to the increase in the scale of sustainable development and pro-ecological transformation of the economy. with the aim of transforming the classical social market economy as much as possible into a circular social, sustainable, green economy. It is a formula of the ideal model for the development of civilization in the twenty-first century, which may never be 100 percent. achieved, but due to the ongoing processes of climate change, the global warming process and environmental pollution should be developed as much as possible.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The hourly load curves of the selected household in each season are shown in Fig. 28.
Figure 28 shows the demand for electricity in four months on an hourly basis. Can you explain this diagram to me, is this the average consumption curve for one day or the total consumption of days in a month summed up in specific hours?
Figure 28 is attached to the question
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The values of the electricity consumption is given per hour averaged on the whole month. So
Mathematically Average hourly consumption along one month of the year=
SUN one hour consumption in kwh from day one to the end of the month. divided by the numbers of days in month. January is the highest consumption may be due to heating. Some hours in the summer days the consumption increases because of air conditioning at the nun times.
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Hello Dear Researchers,
Given the potentials, and environmental and economic issues in the field of renewable energy, which type of biomass source will be environmentally and economically superior in the future; Forest Biomass, Herbaceous Biomass, Aquatic Biomass or Manure Biomass?
Bests,
Dashtpeyma
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All of these are effective, but the problem is that in any region of the world, one may take precedence over the other.
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Is it feasible to replace my Photo Voltaic (PV) solar panels system by Solar Water Heater (SWH)?
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welcome!
The solar energy can be used in direct heating such as water heating and it can be used in electricity generation. Normally solar water heaters are more efficient and cost effective than the PV electric generation.
Conceptually, when you use PV to convert solar radiation into electricity the conversion efficiency is relatively low in the order of 15 percent.
The cost of the PV generators are relatively expensive because of the materials used are very expensive.
So, PV generated electricity is never used in heating except under very controlled conditions.
There is a concept which is never use PV for heating.
Simply because the direct heating is more efficient and more cost effective.
Best wishes
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Every year new sources of clean energy and technologies are created. New, innovative technologies in the field of renewable energy are being created. The existing technologies of renewable energy sources have been successively improved in the direction of creating more and more economically efficient and energy-saving technological solutions. New patents and innovative technological solutions are being created. New types of materials used in new energy sources devices are being discovered. The main determinant of technological progress in this field should be the process of implementing the most energy-saving technologies on the industrial scale and promoted for industrial implementation and the transport sector should be sources of energy under RES that will emit the least harmful external effects to the planet Earth environment.
In view of the above, the current question is: Will man manage to create and develop on a mass scale in industry and energy innovative technologies of renewable energy sources, through which will stop the greenhouse effect on Earth?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Yes. A lot is being done. Have a look for the Boston project and the flow battery under development. The Green house has curve can be flattened, however, everyone must begin to see ghg emmssion as a collective responsibility. If nation A goes green and nation B continues, the problem will only be half solved as emmssions the knows no international boundary lines.
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How are investments in renewable energy sources financed in your country?
Are pro-ecologic investments financed in your country mainly by commercially operating enterprises or from the public finance system of the state?
Will the state co-finance new pro-ecological investments from the state budget funds in a situation of low-cost ecological projects developing renewable energy sources?
In my opinion, in the situation of low profitability of investments in pro-ecological undertakings, in the absence of pro-ecological projects financing by the private sector, the state should co-finance new pro-ecological projects from public funds, including primarily the development of energy based on renewable energy sources, infrastructure for development electromobility, etc.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Dear Prof. Dariusz Prokopowicz
I agree with your opinion
In my country (Iraq) there is no support or investment for renewable energies..
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Based on your expertise, what are advantages and disadvantages of producing H2 or CH4 from renewable sources (wind, PV etc)? I am mainly interested in collecting different points of view, e.g. local pollution, global climate mitigation, energy engineering and mitigation of peak demand, economic aspects, social impact, policies, quality and safety of the final product, regulatory barriers.
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ew There are no miracles. In fact, there are two initial sources of so called "renewable" energy - solar and gravitational (Earth's rotation energy, for example). The whole question is how much waste will be allocated in the specific process of its fixation. For example, harvesting of "solar energy" produces a significant amount of waste (production of the elements themselves, copper conductors, heat, etc.). For strange reason, if the waste is concentrated in another place (where the elements are produced, for example), the technology of "solar energy" is considered to be "nature-friendly". As to the substance of the matter, the use of “conditionally renewable energy” to produce a source of non-renewable energy does not seem to me a reasonable idea. In addition, it should always be taken into account that any energy conversion has limited efficiency ...
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So I made a home-made slurry in my home for my on going project. I dissolved waste with hot water in a plastic can. I hand built pipes to connect it to a bladder(rubber strong baloon) for collection. For the first 2 weeks there wasn't any visible sign of air in the baloon. In fact I was on the verge of pouring the mixture away. After 4 weeks I went with the intention of throwing the content away but on reaching there. I realised that it had inflated the baloon. Now what is the guarantee that this baloon contains methane. And does this mean that slurry that is not turned or actively heated takes a month to produce methane?
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Almost 28-35 days and highly depends upon condition you are prevailing with i suppose
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Hi
I work in the field of renewable energies in buildings, exactly the economical impact of adopting solar energy in building.
I am looking for a scientific journal specialized in publishing scientific works in this field. It shall be available for the following conditions:
1- The topic of renewable energy and buildings.
2- Indexed Scopus.
3- Quick response to submitted works.
4- Free of charge.
I would be very grateful if you could help and guide me!
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Hi
In economic field I recommend you energy conversation and management journal (ECM).
Last year I published one paper in this journal (6 months maximum)
Good luck.
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I will be designing that VAWT in sub-continent and will highly appreciated cogent facts in this corollary.
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You are welcome Dear Khurram Ahmad
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Hello Dears,
If you are interested in learning about developing a resilient system in solar energy management sector, please click the following link (It's free!):
Bests.
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I will gladly read your work.
Bests.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Sustainable pro-ecological development of the global economy?
Probably the future of humanity depends on the next decade. If, over the next few years, renewable energy sources replacing traditional energy based on the burning of minerals are developed on a massive scale, it might be possible for humankind to avoid a climatic catastrophe in the 21st century. The international climate agreement that currently (December 2018) concluded in Katowice in Poland may be a late and insufficient agreement, because most countries do not intend to develop high-budget projects for the construction and development of power plants based on renewable energy sources. In addition, changes in the automotive industry, changes leading to the development of motorization in the direction of electromobility are too slow. The problem is serious because it concerns the future of all humanity in the perspective of the next two to three generations, yet the necessary changes and reforms in the implementation of economic principles of sustainable pro-ecological development are too slow. With the current pace of changes, there may be a shortage of time to implement the necessary pro-ecological undertakings, and then the problem of global warming will become an irreversible process and will constantly accelerate!
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Pro-ecological economic development is a pretty mouthful term.Both economic development and environment in a given economy are important. The balance between them is difficult. Finding a suitable model with respect to different economies( which are at different stages of development) is the need of time.An interesting ideas can be: "Finding a Sustainable Model for a particular industry or sector in a particular country or region". The sector may be power,agriculture,mining, forestry...anything.If it addresses the real problem of that society, it will be a great contribution. The issue of pro-ecological development rests on two things: first, the balance between our need and greed; second, local people participation.
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There are many possible applications and reasons of utilization of renewable energy.
Please share your opinion where and how renewable energy utilization can be increased?
Also, share your opinion, why renewable energy sources are not accepted significantly?
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Renewable energy is, without a doubt, one of the main energy sources used by many countries for electricity generation and the cleanest type of energy source available in the world. However, and despite practical and convincing technologies on renewable energy available for its use for elctricity generation, the process to switch from the use of non-renewable energy sources to the use of renewable energy sources has been quite slow and uncertain especially in the developing nations. Some of the main barriers to be faced in this process are, according to Dorcas Kariuki, the following:
· over-reliance on fossil fuels (coal),
· political and regulatory barriers,
· technical barriers,
· market-related barriers,
· social-cultural barriers,
· financial and economic barriers,
· geographical and ecological barriers.
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Hi again, while working on the carbon capture methods from a renewable energy project, i realized that thermodynamics has somewhat of a huge role to play when discussing gaseous capture, what are some of the available methods such as OxyFuel where co2 and o2 can be captured however but aren't energy intensive or are very low energy requiring methods?
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Hai,
Carbon dioxide capture allows separation of CO2 from gas streams, allowing it to for post-combustion CO2 capture (PCC) as it has lower regeneration energy and include post-combustion capture, pre-combustion capture, and oxygen fuel or .Several methods, if not all, have been of interest to process intensification .. This is the thinking behind the oxygen approach, where instead of air, the power plant is fed approaches in use today requireclean-up of the NOx and SO2 prior to CO2
Best Wishes..
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In many countries, energy based on renewable energy sources is being developed. This development is determined by many economic, ecological and geographical factors. This development results from the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the scale of air pollution by exhaust from mechanical vehicles. The development of energy based on renewable energy sources is indispensable due to the faster global warming process. Therefore, energy based on renewable energy sources should be developed.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
What are the main determinants of the development of renewable energy sources?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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The determinants of renewable energies are -
1. The cost of renewables are high and many governments give subsidies to run their renewable energy production. So the cost of renewables must be lowered
2. Non-renewables are cheap and make lots of profit. But renewables are not profitable. But a high carbon emission tax is imposed on the non-renewables and more subsidies to renewables then the shift towards the renewables will accelerate
3. People still dont really know or care for the environmental problems that non-renewables cause. Public awarness should be raised in this regard.
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In what way should it develop and disseminate the concept of sustainable ecological development in accordance with the green economy formula in the 21st century?
In my opinion, additional taxation of enterprises in order to obtain funds in this way for the development of renewable energy, development of eco-innovations and reduction of environmental pollution is not the best solution. A better solution is to generate high economic growth based on the successively introduced model of sustainable green economic development implemented according to the green economy concept.
It is necessary to conduct reliable, honest, ethical business and social responsibility of business socio-economic policy while educating the public on the need to implement the necessary pro-ecological reforms in the energy sector as soon as possible by developing renewable energy sources, developing electromobility, efficient waste sorting technologies, improvement recycling, zero-energy construction, elimination of plastic from packaging and conversion to biodegradable plastics, etc.
Then, using such a reliable social and economic policy, it would be possible to extend the periods of host growth in business cycles to generate budgetary surpluses. In the situation of budgetary surpluses in the state budget, a significant part of them should be allocated for state financing of investments in large infrastructural pro-ecological projects, such as nuclear power plants, wind farms, solar panels based on photovoltaic panels and other based on renewable energy sources.
After many years of running this type of pro-ecological socio-economic policy, certain technologies that allowed for the development of ecological innovations and their implementation on an industrial scale will gradually become, and after their dissemination, production costs of certain devices such as household mini-power plants producing renewable energy on the basis of renewable energy. Energy sources will be available for most families living, for example, single-family houses or multi-family housing estates. On the other hand, by popularizing these pro-ecological technologies, companies that produce specific ecological products will generate revenues and profits.
In view of the above, in this way the new green economy will become profitable and will be a kind of a new epoch of the neoclassical economics model enriched with pro-ecological goals and functions. In this way, initially through a centrally planned system, through state intervention in a mainly market economy, through a national pro-ecological socio-economic policy, a new model of the economic system will be built after years, which will function objectively within the framework of sustainable green economic development.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
In what way should it develop and disseminate the concept of sustainable ecological development in accordance with the green economy formula in the 21st century?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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I agree with your argument, but I think that this development will not be possible, without the strong public control of energy, mineral, water or food resources. As long as governments leave these resources in private hands, and in accordance with the laws of the market, change will not be possible.
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Lead Sulfide (PbS), Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) and Cadmium selenide (CdSe) etc. are not safe for environment but still have widely been used in solar cells. So what are the reasons behind it? Why people are not thinking about environment friendly materials?
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Actually, people are thinking about environmentally friendly materials a lot. But replacing a material with very specific properties is not that easy, especially if you want long-term stability for your systems. Cadmium Chalkogenides are pretty well-investigated so people know what they have to do in order to give their device the properties they require.
If you compare inorganic semiconductors, which pretty often are toxic to some extent, to the potentially friendlier organic pendants, you have to acknowledge that inorganics have had quite the head start so the organic community still has a lot to catch up.
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For the classical power industry to be replaced with renewable energy sources, it is necessary to have the right policy at the state level but also at the supranational level.
The supranational organization of common markets on the example of the European Union is perfect for this issue. In the European Union, successive reforms are being undertaken to motivate the development of modern energy solutions and environmental protection.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Therefore, in the context of the above considerations, the following important question appears:
How to increase the effectiveness of environmental protection programs, natural ecosystems and biodiversity?
Protection of the environment, natural ecosystems and biodiversity should be an integral part of the concept of sustainable pro-ecological economic development?
In the context of growing and increasing environmental pollution and declining areas of natural ecosystems, the importance and need to improve environmental protection systems, natural ecosystems and biodiversity is increasing. Biodiversity is one of the most important issues of natural ecosystems and life on Earth. Maintaining high biodiversity on Earth should be a challenge and one of the main goals of human functioning on the Earth in the 21st century and in subsequent centuries.
In connection with the above, protection of the environment, natural ecosystems and biodiversity should be an integral part of the concept of sustainable ecological development. In some countries, the concept of sustainable pro-ecological economic development is implemented successively, primarily in the field of renewable energy sources, improvement of waste segregation techniques and recycling development. However, in many countries these issues are still insufficiently developed.
Still too small financial resources are allocated in many countries for the development of renewable energy sources, improvement of waste segregation and recycling techniques. In addition to the private sector, besides enterprises implementing ecological innovations, it is necessary to increase expenditures and develop strategic pro-ecological reform projects, including restructuring of the mining industry of minerals supplying classic energy sources and development of energy based on renewable energy sources. This development should be supported and coordinated by environmentally friendly state intervention, and due to the high investment costs of construction of power plants producing electricity from renewable energy sources should be co-financed from the state public finance funds.
In this way, it will be possible to slow down the ongoing global warming process in the 21st century and thus slow down the process of devastating the natural environment, draining green areas characterized by high biodiversity. Biodiversity is a very important issue in the context of the analysis of ecology, sustainable development and the protection of the natural environment, including, in particular, the natural positions of biologically complex ecosystems, i.e. those that are characterized by high biodiversity. Maintaining biodiversity of natural ecosystems is one of the most important problems and tasks for people in the 21st century.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In the context of the above considerations, the following question is still valid:
How to increase the effectiveness of environmental protection programs, natural ecosystems and biodiversity?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Innovations in energy technologies are being developed, technologies for renewable energy sources, electromobility, waste segregation, purification of contaminated water in rivers, ecological material innovations, eg replacement of plastic packaging for biodegradable materials, etc. are developed and improved.
All this constitutes an element of systemic sustainable pro-ecological economic development based on the concept of green economy.
Thanks to the dissemination of systemic sustainable ecological development in the future, it will be possible to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate and increase the scale of environmental protection and biodiversity.
Dissemination of systemic sustainable ecological development in the near future can save the planet Earth, many species of plants, animals and people from destruction, which may occur at the end of the 21st century, if the above-mentioned pro-ecological reforms are not introduced universally, globally, ie in all countries.
Do you agree with my opinion?
In connection with the above, I would like to ask you:
According to you, which eco-innovations are the most important for future protection of the environment and biodiversity?
Which ecological innovations do you think should be developed universally and to the greatest extent possible?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Reduce, Reuse and Recycle... the innovations around these are essential.
But these are not just innovation related aspects, individual behaviour, information and knowledge matters much!
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At the dawn, of the 21st century during a reign governed by money and greed the buzz in the economic and technological race was to build an economy based on hydrogen. A couple years later with the financial internet crisis of 2001 all this buzz disappeared and we entered a reign of terror and war governed by a different type of ethics…
Now, we are facing a different challenge: the climate change due to the over consumerism and accumulation of pollution since the 19th century. After decades of foolish hard geo-engineering experiments scientists, engineers and technologists have to come up with all kind of ineffective “solutions” (some are doing worse than good) to master the astronomical forces involved in order to control the effects of climate change and continue business as usual…
Hydrogen is seen as a non-polluting way to store renewable energies and nuclear energy since its recombination with oxygen produce only pure water. It is a transportable fuel for vehicles and other tools and devices running on electricity.
Further, some scientists fascinated by the solar nuclear energy (“illimited source of free energy”) have convinced uneducated deciders that the ultimate goal was to master the nuclear fusion and build an experimental international power plant called ITER.
Please, justify your position by sound arguments.
Thank you in advance for your esteemed expert contributions and for your understanding.
Kind regards.
No personal attacks, insults, pollution of the answers with popular press clippings from other discussion will be accepted.
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I agree with Dr. Dariusz Prokopowicz
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When comparing, for example, solar and atomic energy, many significant differences can be shown.
Solar energy is safer than nuclear energy. There are no environmentally hazardous radioactive waste in solar energy. In addition, solar power plants can be of any size, while nuclear power plants are usually very large investments and require huge financial outlays for the construction of a modern nuclear power plant.
But besides, many other energy technologies are being developed, energy innovations are being developed in the field of renewable energy sources, such as wind, water, or sea waves. In addition, geothermal energy and the development of energy storage technologies. This is an important issue because the consumption of electricity is growing in many developing countries. In the future, electricity consumption may increase even more when electromobility starts to spread, ie electric cars will be produced and sold on a massive scale.
In view of the above, I am asking you: Which type of energy should be developed in the future?
Please reply
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The types of energy that are clean and have less levels of pollution to the environment will be mainly adopted in the future.
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Taking into account the increasing global problems related to the progressing environmental pollution, depletion of mineral resources and the greenhouse effect, the need to create and develop new, innovative RES technologies and clean green energy sources is gradually increasing.
In view of the above, the question is becoming more and more current: What sources of clean energy and RES technologies will dominate in the future?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Future energy generation technologies to take us all forward in perpetuity - must be those which deliver massive, enduring, clean, safe and low cost power for all peoples.
This technological challenge is in the hands of the world’s best and brightest scientists, physicists, engineers and researchers who quite rightly are focused clearly on reaching the pinnacle of energy generation possibilities known to science – nothing less is acceptable.
Fortunately the world of science already understands well the immutable laws of thermodynamics underpinning energy dense generation concepts, so we are well advanced on the subject. Importantly, we can all expect to see these very low footprint, versatile, and scalable modular generation technologies start to “pop up” and be put into service progressively and everywhere globally within 30 years for sure.
There are four imperatives that any energy technology suitable for future use must satisfy fully to qualify as a forward thinking and enduring new era technology.
(1) New age generation must be at the peak or near the peak of the energy density and generation scientific pyramid;
(2) New age generation must generate massive, clean, safe, low cost power cost effectively, and be of a modular, scalable, and easily reticulatable everywhere globally, form factor;
(3) New age generation must be one that provides low cost and abundant power for all peoples ad-infinitum, sufficient to power new age energy intensive industries much needed to elevate all peoples globally through new technological opportunities and incremental prosperity advancements for all;
(4) New age generation most importantly at the same time as achieving points 1 - 3 above, must eliminate greenhouse gasses GHG currently generated by fossil fuels generation in all forms to insignificant levels permanently and quickly, and consign climate change issues to posterity going forward.
So a better question is this: “Can We Generate 100% Of Our Energy from New Age Clean Generation Technologies by 2100 Eliminating Greenhouse Gasses at the same time?
Yes of course we can, as we must
Lawrence Coomber
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Since global warming is attributed to human activities since the 19th century and in particular to the emission of GHG wouldn't be interesting to also know the increase of energy produced since the 19th century (for which we centainly have a record) and wasted in various types of radiations (more difficult to quantify) and their impact onto climate change ?
Thank you in advance for sharing your experience and expertise.
Kind regards
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Hi Guy,
My apologies but I am not willing to get into yet another interminable debate with Ken on his pet theme of the impossibility of doing anything about global warming. This seems to happen on every question posted on ResearchGate that has even the remotest relevance to AGW.
You conclude with the two remarks:
"Are these hypotheses unreasonable?
Would it be possible to make an experiment worldwide without any geoengineering?"
To the first, I would say there is another anglophone scientist you may not have heard about called William of Ockham (1288 - 1347). He proposed the principle known as Occam's Razor which arrgues that the simplest solution is the best solution. So global warming caused by an increase in carbon dioxide needs no further causes.
To the second question, my reply is that we are already involved in a major geoengineering experiment, which is changing the Earth's climate. Isn't one enough? Won't another make things even worse?
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Hello Everyone...
We are undertaking a study on comparing the different Waste-to-Energy technologies for municipal solid waste. As part of this study, we are conducting a survey in order to elicit expert opinions for evaluating adaptation of the alternatives designed for the model.
For the purpose of this study we have identified five alternatives. By the following Google form we would like to obtain your opinion as an expert through a survey questionnaire, in which you are requested to prioritize the five alternatives with respect to different criteria.
The information you provide will be of great value for my study, and accordingly, your participation is anticipated and very much appreciated.
We sincerely hope you can assist.
Below is the link to the Google form
Himanshu Kumar Sadhya
M.Tech Student
National Institute of Technology, Surat ​India​
+91- 8696514121, 8178266961
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Dear Himanshu Sadhya,
The selection of WTE technologies depend on the waste origin, capital and operational cost, technological efficiency and complexity coupled with labor skill requirements and geographical locations of the plants. In addition, merits and demerits, technical and economical differences of each WTE technology is also considered in their selection.
Please see the following publications of my research group in this regard.
I hope you will find them interesting and relevant.
With regards,
Nizami
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Dear Researchers
especially from south Asian countries need comments on this question?
what are the actualities why the biomass resources cant employed to produce power/energy/electricity
in my point of view adequate initial fiance, no training of farmers, lack of demonstration, no centralized approach, reliability misconceptions, legal framework, the absence of commercial services network, in some countries R & D and science and Technology development gap
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The issues is the same everywhere, the low energy density of biomass. The problem looks smaller in developed countries due to the highly developed road, railway, and sea shipping systems.
Decentralization and improving energy density could help to reach out these valuable sustainable resources.
Please find one of my paper enclosed (optimization of torrefaction from economic, social and environmental perspectives):
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In critical industries their power backup generators are power with Diesel fuel. Diesel fuel is at times in short supply and often becomes contaminated. New fuels are required to run these generators that power back up systems to critical industries such as hospitals and data centers. As a nation, we need chemists and chemical engineers to come forward with new technologies producing sustainable fuels to augment or replace the use of gasoline/Diesel fuel consumption.
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Why or why not?
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Adriana Santos-Caballero has very wisely answered.
In the broad interest of protection of environment, I feel we should support the divestment.
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Should nonhuman species and ecosystems be loved as neighbors, or are neighbors exclusively human beings?
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The concept “love” can refer to different types of relationships. We use it when talking about our family, friends, romantic partners, pets, god(s), pieces of art, ideas, etc. and refer to love as if it happens to us, like a feeling, or as an action or behavior that we conduct, like an emotion or special deed, or even as a type of relationship that is had between two things. No matter what manifestation that love takes on or how it is described, the phenomenon that occurs is always the same. Of course we express love in different ways with different objects, but the process for giving our mothers and fathers, kids , pets, plants and flowers and everything else a special importance is the phenomenon of love . I only and simply mention that love is a way of responding to an object through a process of appraising it for its subjective, intrinsic value and then bestowing the experience of that appraisal back onto the object as an extrinsic quality whereby the object becomes valuable and irreplaceably important.
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If one Hydropower plant is operating with 50% of its installed capacity for more than four months. How could you define its operation? 
If one Hydropower plant is operating with the large gap between its design capacity and generation capacity. How could you define its operation? 
Is there any impacts from Optimum Operation of Hydropower Plant to the Environment and Ecosystems?
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Dear all,
I have a question of how to interpret my results:
I am estimating the effect of a set of determinants on the share of renewables in a countries energy supply (dependent variable).
I have a set of explanatory variable (GDP, commodity prices, energy dependence, public policies supporting renewables etc.). I use the natural logarithm of both dependent and independent variables. I do not take logs of dummy variables (for example Kyoto Protocol). However, the interpretation of the public policies supporting renewables variable is difficult because I constructed the variable following two different approaches:
First approach: Dummy variable (taking on the value 1 if a country has 10 or more policies in the given year)
Second approach: Equal-weighted policy index. If, for instance a policy comes into force in a respective country in 1993, then the policy index will equal to one in 1993, if an additional policy is introduced in 1995, the policy index variable will equal to two in 1995 and so on.
How are results interpreted for the second approach?
Best, Teresa
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