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Renaissance - Science topic

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Hi frds,
As research proves the long-term damages of a Covid infection, I am seriously wondering why so few wear a mask deliberately in the Renaissance Societies?
Even as health authorities advise wearing a mask in indoor settings, very few do it. One-way ledger sharing is all over the place. Why?
Put up a Menti under the following link:
The voting code 8813 3081 is valid now and expires in 7 days.
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Stupidity. Boundless stupidity.
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Hi there,
while scooping through the world it is striking to see the different attitudes towards collectivistic ideas, e.g.:
- wearing masks during a pandemic
- the status of animals, plants, and the concept of nature
- the shared long-term thinking
- the applications and limitations of Artificial Intelligence; privatized or institutionalized supervision?
- the management of personal externalities and socialization within the personal ecosystem (provocations, anger, scapegoating, zoom-conferencing, etc.).
between Buddhist-influenced societies and protestant societies. There seems to be even a difference between catholic and protestant societies.
Of course, religion is only one factor in the explanation of collectivistic behavior within a society. Surely the Renaissance and Enlightenment influenced Protestantism too as well as the fit with Capitalism (Max Weber).
Would love to learn more about explanations and some research in sociology, anthropology, psychology, history, philosophy, and theology about this.
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The term used to describe this phenomenon is “Protestant Buddhism” because it resembles many of the key features of Protestant Christianity following the bias of many original scholars of Buddhism. This romantic notion has influenced much of our understanding of Buddhism since the late 19th century.
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As known, the whole world is moving towards a renaissance in education which required transferring the expertise between countries. In general, some of the developing countries use the transferred system as it is without keeping into consideration the difference between cultures.
How is it bad to transfer the educational system that followed by a certain culture to a different one?
Could this affect the desired goals in the development wheel negatively?
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Yes, transferring educational systems from one society to another has some negatives and some positives, especially since there are societies that differ in customs and traditions from other societies.
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Thank you in advance for your help :)
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Hello,
I recommend the following:
- C. B. Schmitt, Quentin Skinner, Eckhard Kessler, Jill Kraye Ed. The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy.
Dickson, Andrew. Key Features of Renaissance Culture.
- Hattaway, Michael, ed. A Companion to English Renaissance Literature and Culture.
- Sheen, Erica, and Lorna Hutson, eds. Literature, Politics and Law in Renaissance England.
- Smith, Emma and Garrett A. Sullivan Jr., eds. The Cambridge Companion to English Renaissance Tragedy.
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MOOCS are gaining momentum and popularity among higher educational institutions over the globe due to their unique features to escalate access, equity and quality based education. Kindly suggest your opinion supported by valid text.
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Thank you so much for your explicative post, I will read the literature you refer to, Prof. Stylianos Mystakidis
For me, 3D virtual space in the virtual world Second Life is totally a new unknown tool, thank you for sharing it.
Best Regards.
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I am studying case study right now
I have a student who has got no international background got the Grade Equivalent of 3.5 (his test performance is comparable to the reading ability of an American average third-grader after the fifth month of the school year) recently. The test report is attached.
And I plan to do a case study on him. Reasons are as follow:
a.The case study is where the researcher takes an in-depth look at a specific situation (Mertens, 2020). Since the student never went to any international school, nor have any family member who is from abroad, but he got such splendid reading ability. I really want to take an in-depth look at his study.
b. Stake (2005) discusses collecting the following types of information for a case study: (a) information about the nature of the case, (b) background or historical information regarding the case, (c) the physical setting for the case, (d) other contexts related to the case, which may include things like the political context, (e) other cases related to this one, and (f) talking to relevant people to learn about this case. I am his teacher and very close to his family. Collecting data would be convenient.
c.Case study research is an investigative approach that can get a new and deeper understanding of a complex phenomenon (Mertens, 2020). Through a case study on this student, I could get some useful learning experience and share it with those who have children learning English. And that will be a great help.
I plan to collect data, such as interviews with his parents, observation in English reading class, his reading records, his test and quiz records. But I don't think those are enough. What else should I collect?
Please correct me if you spot anything wrong.
I’m eager to receive your reply.
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Good morning
Stake, R. E. (2013). Multiple case study analysis. Guilford Press.
It is a qualitative study, so your recollected data may be with deep interviews.
Also, you need software to code the answers.
Atals.ti is a good one.
In order to do the guion you have to follow your objectives.
You will find attachment one of my cases, I hope it helps you.
Best regards
Ph.D. Ingrid del Valle García Carreño
Carreño, I. D. V. G. (2021). Distributed leadership in educational organizations in Madrid: case study. Revista Ibero-Americana de Estudos em Educação, 189-209.
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How did Black writers and Black owned publications contribute to and influence the change in social order in Bronzeville in the 1930s through the 1950s during the period known as the Black Chicago Renaissance?
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This book could be very useful for you
TRACY, STEVEN C., ed. Writers of the Black Chicago Renaissance. University of Illinois Press, 2011. Accessed September 12, 2021. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt1xcfxx.
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Myth is the biggest obstacle among historians to formulate any kind of history, some believe that myth might have some truth or some falsity as well. Myth has been a powerful tool for civilizations and religions to expand and flourish, only after the scientific revival and renaissance, it was challenged by truth seekers under the realm of positivism. But still, we are lacking the depth of understanding for the 'myth' as a subject. In fact, myth is not a priory or even not an extended human morality but it has helped us in the creation of this modern world.
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Myth exists everywhere.
Myths are stories that are based on tradition. Some may have factual origins, while others are completely fictional. But myths are more than mere stories and they serve a more profound purpose in ancient and modern cultures. Myths are sacred tales that explain the world and man's experience.
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I have my own idea but I will be very much interested in knowing your view/reflection on the matter. Is Shakespeare "translatable"?
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Shakespeare's poetic and dramatic works can be translated from the Renaissance English in which they are written, but a significant loss would occur with respect to both linguistic features and aesthetics.
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They used almost the same dramatic conventions and techniques. According to you, in what way is Shakespeare different from Christopher Marlowe?
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For one thing, the depth, breadth, and sheer density of William Shakespeare's entire performative oeuvre from historical to tragic to comedic dramatic works provides the most remarkable and striking contrast to Christopher Marlowe's work, which nonetheless epitomizes the best of the English Renaissance revenge play. In some respects, it might be stated that Shakespeare is a magna cum laude graduate of the Universal School of World Dramatic Texts, while Christopher Marlowe is a summa cum laude graduate of Great Britain's School of Drama!
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The Waqf (confined endowment) was one of the foundations of Islamic Renaissance that has led to a wide activity in scientific, architectural, and health-care movements. It has also resulted the establishment of several institutions which were integrated and vital for the community. These institutions have worked on improvising solutions to new problems. Early Muslims have been racing to establish their own waqf emphasizing the peculiarity of the different goals of each one. This research aims to study the waqf of Abdul Basit ibn Khalil the Damascene (790-857 AH / 1388 - 1450 AD) the Chief-inspector of the Egyptian armies. And I have included in the annexes two of these waqfs.
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Hello very interesting. I will be happy to see the results of your research.
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Was training the principles of linear perspective accessible to everyone?
Please recommend articles, books and any research that clarifies the conditions for perspective teaching in the workshops of the great Renaissance painting masters.
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GM
I took a MOOC about some artist, and they gave us a visit to the Prado Museum.
It was amazing
BR
Ingrid García
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Can anyone explain the disparity between the encouragement of members of flagellant orders to demonstrate their self inflicted suffering for Christ and the visual depiction of saints and martyrs (and indeed Christ himself) suffering the most excruciatingly painful injuries without any representation of the agony they must have suffered?
Does anyone know of any paintings, particularly of the Gothic and Renaissance periods, that depicted physical pain? 
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Respecto al gótico, por supuesto que existen obras con sufrimiento y quizás de las que "más miedo dan," caso por ejemplo de los crucificados y cristis yacentes realizados en piel. El más famoso, el Cristo de Burgos o de San Agustín venerado en la catedral de Burgos con pelo y uñas naturales y una cavidad en el costado para que el viernes santo fluyera sangre. Otro el yacente del convento de las clarisas de Palencia, obra que se llegó a pensar que era un muerto real, pues hasta los dientes son naturales. En el Renacimiento sí es cierto que hay menos sufrimiento, aunque lo hay el Cristo de la Hermandad del Museo de Sevilla es un ejemplo de la línea sempertinata de Miguel Ángel quien en su infierno del Juicio Final de la Capilla Sixtina puedes ver perfectamente el sufrimiento y desesperación de los condenados. Te pongo un ejemplo muy claro e histórico, cuando Felipe II de España encarga al Greco el "Martirio de San Mauricio," éste pintó al santo conversando con los generales de la legión Tebana y el martirio aparece en segundo plano. El lienzo que iba a ser para el retablo mayor del real monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial al rey no le gustó porque no representaba el martirio y sufrimiento del santo y buscó otro pintor que lo representara en el momento de la decapitación. Como este caso hay muchas obras en el Renacimiento, por ejemplo Vigarni representa a San Juan Bautista siendo decapitado en la capilla real de Granada (tumba de los Reyes Católicos).
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Can truth ever hurt? Must it hurt?
Yes it can, if you have taken a contrary theoretical-philosophic-scientific position that you are willing to defend with your life and with your own take on the subject, having fallen in love with your own hypothesis, without concern for its evolution.
This is my last question/discussion on the subject of migraine and will contain all my publications or their links, past or future. There are many veils of falsehood in migraine research and many levels of truth -- hence the hurting phenomenon.
While truth is a single-version dispassionate bliss-of-intuition, for those who have invested a lifetime in its pursuit, getting caught on the wrong foot is as good as being guillotined. Admitting error is like being guillotined by the hour.
How do you know that you are hurting?
IF
If you cannot sustain a fair dialogue
if you cannot balance without tripping
if you seek straws to exit the discussion
if silence or evasion gives you solace
if the research grant has gutted your
courage, and pithed your spinal cord
if real appears empirical, to you, and
if real appears empirical
if the grace of numbers clouds your vision
if you are betrothed to mesmerizing statistics
if you are lost in the woods of knowledge
if you are bewitched by the airy castles of print
if you know not the value of each tree
or shrub, in the wood of wisdom and the
breeze of intuition, and the Ocean, the Wind
pass by you, unnoticed, and communicate not
if you know not the value of foundations
if your heart warms to the applause of the herd
if you not the value of self-criticism, nor the
curbing of over-enthusiasm and restraint
you are set to hurt, no fear.
Now or in the future, no if.
This post will also contain some of my choice quotes from my publications, including my book.
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I am active in Medical and General Ethics, a highly controversial subject, in which the division between right/wrong/acceptable/atrocious is very frequently blurred by rhetoric and debate. Ethics stands forlornly at the crossroads of justice, morality, philosophy, belief, faith, religion, ego, egoism, egotism, narcissism, a finite existence with infinite aspirations.
Ethics is important for research, also. The portals opened by a robust ethical viewpoint is matchless.
All humans, at all times, manipulate their thinking to reassure themselves that they are in the right quadrant. This is patently incorrect. .
I attach 2 articles, with one being a response from the editorial team at BMJ, one of the most prestigious medical journals. This is, indeed, a very RARE event.
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Traditionally, economists have approached international trade and technological change from the perspective of countries as a whole. In contrast, recent research has emphasized cities and their local labor markets as the appropriate “unit of observation” when studying these issues. This regional approach is critical to understanding the heterogeneous effects of trade on labor markets in large countries, such as the United States. In the last few decades, a select group of U.S. cities such as Boston, New York and San Francisco have become emerging centers of global comparative advantage in new knowledge-based sectors, while other formerly industrial cities, such as Cleveland and Detroit, have lost their comparative advantage in traditional manufacturing sectors and experienced broad declines.
To promote research on these issues, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), with the support of the Smith Richardson Foundation, will convene a research conference in Cambridge, Massachusetts on October 25-26, 2019. The conference will be organized by Edward Glaeser (Harvard University and NBER) and Stephen Redding (Princeton University and NBER).
The conference aims to draw together researchers from labor economics, international trade, public finance, urban economics, and related fields to address a range of issues concerning cities as centers of comparative advantage and other related themes:
§ How has globalization contributed to urban decline in some cities, and urban renaissance in others? How has it affected city-level labor markets and economic activity more generally? How has technological change influenced the nature of economic activity in urban and rural areas?
§ Why can some cities, like Seattle, successfully transition from an industrial to a post-industrial economy? Are labor market differences important contributors to this variation? How have transportation and industrial technologies shaped the spatial distribution of economic activity?
§ What are the implications of heterogeneous local labor markets for wage and income inequality? To what extent has there been an increased sorting of workers by skill across cities? Why has migration from poor places, like Detroit, to rich places, like San Francisco, become so sluggish? To what degree does trade in goods and services reduce the need for labor mobility?
§ How do public policies affect the growth of urban areas? Which place-based policies improve labor market outcomes for urban workers? What are the possible responses to the decline of industrial cities and industrial heartland of the United States? What policy issues emerge from the agglomeration of economic activity in new centers of comparative advantage?
Papers are welcomed on all aspects of cities as centers of comparative advantage. Both theoretical and empirical research, and combinations, are welcome. To be considered for inclusion on the program, papers must be uploaded by Sunday, August 25, 2019, to the following site:
Submissions from authors with and without NBER affiliations are welcome and submissions from early career scholars, and from researchers from under-represented groups are especially welcome. Please do not submit papers that will be published by October 2019. Decisions about which papers will be included on the program will be announced in September, 2019.
The NBER will cover the hotel and economy class travel cost for up to two authors per paper included on the program. All co-authors are welcome to attend the conference; space permitting, other participants are also welcome. Please direct questions about this project to confer@nber.org.
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Dear
I hope the conference out comes will be shared with the research gate community. Good luck with your deliberations.
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The Renaissance by the end of Middle Ages in Europe was so important great event that not only emancipation of humanity, but also speeding up the developing of science and technology. At same time to emancipate humanity from religion, I self believe of God indeed exists, and also advanced science and technology. Now the problem is what were the main factors to develop science and technology since the Renaissance?
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نعم حققت طفرة نوعية وكمية في الدراسات الإنسانية والعلمية
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At the time the Americas were discovered by European states the pennisula was surrounded by powerful Moslem states and apparently infinite steppe-land limiting its economic and political progress (this can be contested), but from the discovery Europe took flight. Would Europe have taken flight anyway especially taking into account Portugeuse successes in the Far East? Did comparative European stability come from looking outside of the pennisula, and did the Late Renaissance occur because the Late Medieval mind was fully opened through exploring and controlling new land?
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Actually, I contend that the reverse is more likely to be the case: it was European ideas that were spread in the Americas at that time. Puritans constituted the majority of early European settlers; as a result, ideas like secularism and the many theories of resistance to tyranny gained currency. It was these very ideas that led to capital events for American history like the Revolution and the ensuing Declaration of Independence. Please note the Founding Fathers were greatly influenced by thinkers like Milton and Locke. I hope I have answered your question.
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Colleagues and I have undertaken a recent project looking at the use made of school farms in Tasmania, Australia. I was surprised to find out that there were 30 different kinds of school farm across a small State (population 500,000). These school farms often went back to the 1930s and 1940s. They had increasingly become 'shoestring' operations in recent times with their value questioned....And yet there may be a renaissance with the arrival of more flexible vocational curricula and shifts back to respecting community voices in educational provision. It would be great if colleagues with interesting/worthwhile/innovative examples of educational practice around school farms could share here.
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Thanks for your interest, Dibikar.
What is the situation in the jurisdiction that you know best?
Peter
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I am used to edit Latin Renaissance Poetry. Frequently I do lexical searchs in the Latin Library of Brepols on-line. This let me find the text of the Antiquity which is being imitated, for instance.
As I am now resarching about a manuscript with Spanish texts dated in 16th Century, I would like to use some other similar Data-base of Spanish Renaissance texts in which I could do that kind of lexical searchs. So I could confirm the authory of a text, for example, or access to the published version of it.
Thanks in advance.
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Estimados colegas:
Hace unos años vi una presentación en el Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas, de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, sobre la Biblioteca Digital del Pensamiento Novohispano. Tiene unas herramientas de búsqueda interesantes. Aquí está el hipervínculo:
Este texto, de la sección "Índices", da una idea de los que se puede hacer:
"En esta sección se encuentran varios índices. Estos se forman recuperando automáticamente las palabras o frases marcadas con etiquetas TEI dentro de los textos. Por la forma en que se realiza el marcado, cada índice agrupa una categoría y dentro de ella se encuentran las palabras o frases identificadas con distintos atributos dentro de esa categoría.
"Por ejemplo, bajo la categoría nombres encontramos los nombres de personas, planetas, dioses y seres mitológicos, lugares, instituciones, constelaciones, signos del zodiaco y divinidades católicas. En fechas, en cambio, sólo encontramos además de un agrupamiento general de las fechas indicadas en los textos, aquellas que se refieren a cometas. Las referencias identificadas se agrupan en tres categorías: citas textuales, citas no textuales y fuentes. Finalmente, bajo la categoría términos, se encuentran los atributos médicas, astrológico-astronómicas, filosóficas, etc.
"Las palabras marcadas que aparecen en estos índices pueden ser accesibles, también, en la parte derecha de cada folio al dar clic en el menú. En ese menú sólo aparecen las categorías que fueron marcadas en ese folio".
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"Scottish Dauphiness, Mary Stuart, was being bred up with the French princesses in all the culture and refinement of the Renaissance. She was about the same age as the little Count Palatine [Johann Kasimir (von Pfalz-Simmern) ], and one wonders whether the children were friends."
Godfrey, E. (1906) Heidelberg: Its princes and its palaces (pg 219-220) E.P. Dutton & Co. New York
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Chalons, with the French Court, acting as Regent for Henri (while at the siege of Metz), at least at the end of May
There is a letter from Catherine concerning the young Prince Charles (dÓrleans) written to the royal governess Mme de Humieres, dated 29 May.
And from the Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Edward VI 1547-1553. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1861. A letter (May 26th) from Sir William Pickering from Metz, : "The Ambassadors are uncourteously commanded and licensed amongst impedimenta to depart the camp, and are from henceforth addressed to the Queen and Council at Chalons in all their masters' affairs." 
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Beside authors of the Italian Renaissance, I have got two examples: Johannes Althusius and Justus Möser, but perhaps even Montesquieu did belong to this group. I am also interested if you see any generic differences between political thought based on experience of and referring to governing a community of a city's size and of governing a whole country?
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Dear Mr. Callaway,
as long as you are up to address me as you did in your last comment, I do not need to do much more diplomacy. :)
I read with much interest what you said about Professor Lukacs. I would be glad to read your memories of your impressions of him.
I am ready to accept the AMerican view of a separation of church and state in the modern context. However, I do think that religion plays an important part in individuals' and communities' life, and according to sociologists, the US is one of those countries in which this remains the strongest even today - not on the federal or even state level, but on local (and public) civil society level. 
I also find very interesting your views of corruption on thel ocal level in Pennsylvania. I think that local politics must be experiencing real challenges in the US. I also recall here the recent case of Atlanta (was it?), and also what I have read in Tilo Schabert's Boston Politics. THis is the more interesting if we recall TOcqueville's description of the strength of democratic politics on the local level in the US.
Finally, I was not informed of the fact that Obama might have taught constitution law in Chicago. In this respect I would call attention to a book I read recently: Sotirios A. Barber: Constitutional Failure, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, 2014., which states that there is an obvious constitutional failure in present day US politics. My analysis of Barber's views is made available at my researchgate homepage, under the following link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274064503_How_to_cope_with_constitutional_failure
Best,
Ferenc
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I have speculated on a bridge between mercury exposure and patterns of an unusual medical condition documented in the Languedoc region of France from approximately 1550- 1776 (as mentioned in an 1935 article by Kellett on Sir Thomas Browne and The Morgellons). The use of mercury in dyes may account for the widespread documentation of these symptoms.
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The best way to prove that is to analysis samples from human bones in the tombs from that period of time and fibers. There should be some studies focused on the analysis of the trace elements from that period of time. Not only mercury was used as pigment for textiles in that period. Cadmium and other elements were used as well for pigments as well.
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My main topic is on decorum and propriety found in this epic poetry and what are the impact which the Renaissance period had on such kind of works.
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Decorum and propriety is first discussed in Western literature in Aristotle's "Poetics," and it is there that any study on epic poetry and tragedy needs to begin. It is only a fifty-page work, yet has guided the Renaissance, the Baroque, Rococo and all Western neo-classicism.
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I am looking for research (books, journal articles, reports) on Baroque era hermitages.  I am primarily interested in those in Italy, Germany and Central Europe, however I would also like to hear about sites in other areas of Europe.  I am primarily interested in locations and their landscape settings, but history and architecture are also of interest.  Renaissance sites, and a general history of hermitages would also be of interest.
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There is a portrayal of heremitage in the German literature of the time of the thirty years war, to be found in the most famous novel (picaresque) of the era by Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen: "Simplicissimus teutsch." (There are numerous editions.) There is also a recent monograph dealing with heremitage in Grimmelshausen's work: Lars Kaminski, Vita Simplicii. Einsiedlerleben und Antoniusverehrung bei Grimmelshausen. Lang, Frankfurt/M. u. a. 2010.
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A small lutheran community coming from Germany exists in Lyon from the 16 century. This group owned a church, settled in Geneva from 1707.It was mostly composed of traders who went to Geneva four times a year for the holy communion. But, from 1770 onward, when the Calvinists from Lyons got their priest, the Lutherans went more and more to that church, letting down Geneva. For about 75 years, the Lutherans disappeared from Lyons. At the turn of the eighteen and nineteen centuries, the community spent her life in the shade of the Calvinist church. Between 1800 and 1850, the immigration movement of swiss, germans and Alsatians was quickening. In 1851, after multiples fruitless tries during the last fifty years, the Lutheran reverend Georges Mayer create an evangelic german church which is quickly linked with the Augsburg Confession. The german community managed the church for nearly 30 years until the arrival of the first French vicar in Lyons .For another 30 years, the relations were stormies between the two communities. The first world war marked the death of the german parish. The French church survived with difficulties during the twenties and thirties. The “renaissance” was due to two extraordinary personalities: André Desbaumes and Henry Bruston The Lutheran church became an inescapable part of the Lyons’s oecumenism and opened itself to the world.2007 marked the beginning of the merger between the Calvinist and Lutheran churches.
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Dear Stephen,
Thanks for your answer.
I wish you a happy new year 2015
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I also would be grateful for resources of measured data on compositions of bronzes from the quattrocento to the modern age.
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Very kind of you, Magdalena. I will perhaps come back with more specific questions later.