Science topic

Regional Planning - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Regional Planning, and find Regional Planning experts.
Questions related to Regional Planning
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
11 answers
This survey is a part of ongoing research to develop an empowerment index for architects in architectural education at the Department of Architecture and Regional Planning, IIT Kharagpur.
Your suggestions and opinions will make a valuable contribution to the research. I would appreciate it if you could kindly spare some of your valuable time filling out the questionnaire.
Relevant answer
Answer
Interpretation of the classical triad of Vitruvius to modern conditions:
Usefulness - taking into account the social demand of the population, society; energy efficiency, economy of the object.
Strength - application of the latest materials and technologies.
Beauty - development of aesthetic sense; erudition; philosophical thinking.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
6 answers
Its a question in urban and regional planning course in settlement and urban morphogenesis unit
Relevant answer
Answer
Scalone Odhiambo Urban design is not just physical design; Socio-cultural components are an integral part of urban design. This issue is especially important in sustainable urban design. Cities are more vibrant and sustainable that are shaped by the context, socio-cultural needs of their past, present and future.
The following links may be helpful:
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
4 answers
Power Network Expansion Planning is the problem of deciding the new transmission lines that should be added to an existing transmission network in order to satisfy system objectives efficiently. It is one of the main strategic decisions in power systems and has a deep, long-lasting impact on the operation of the system. Several challenges such as deregulation, renewable penetration, large-scale generation projects, market integration, and regional planning are discussed in the literature to some extent.
In the context of the smart grid, what can be the potential future challenges in terms of different scenarios, applications, modeling, solution, and novel devices in the network?
Relevant answer
Answer
Two main problems in the perspective of SG:
*Integration of Microgrid, while considering uncertain factors and limitations of the present grid.
*Integration of charging stations for EVs taking into view users' profiles and traditional grid capacity.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
4 answers
Hi, I want to ask is there any proper way to decompose a complex function into multiple simples ones (not Fourier Series).
For example, I may manually code the following curve as f(x)=ax+bsin(x)+c, because I observe there is a periodic component and a linear component in the plotted curve. However, if the empirical data are not so apparent, is there any approach to decompose the function into varied components? Is there any study (better in urban and regional planning area) that did so?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi,
Be extremely careful when you do "curve-fitting" with data and then make claims. All sorts of things can affect that "fitting", especially when you deal with dynamic nonlinearities, where available statistical tests are weak. Curve-fitting can't be a good substitute for a logical and sound theory. That is what you need first.
You mentioned in your previous answer "seasonality" and "production increments". That is the supply side, to which there's a demand side also (to seasonality"). You need a good nonlinear (deterministic or stochastic) dynamic theory of spatial markets first; then you look to see what the empirical evidence says about it. Hidden variables may play a significant role in the search, and so is "random" noise.
At the end, always keep in mind what Mark Twain once said: there're three types of lies: "simple lies, damn lies and statistics".
BTW, Google-search "nonlinear dynamics and statistical tests", you may find some references of interest.
Good luck!
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
9 answers
Hello,
I am looking to evaluate the quality of a land use plan in my country. However I am limited by availability of criteria to use. Do you know of literature I can review or advice on standards used in the planning profession when conducting a plan quality evaluation?
Your response will be much appreciated.
Regards, Malakia
Relevant answer
Answer
Your question helped me too. Thanks for asking here.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
5 answers
I would like to make a list of all the analytical methods and tools used in regional planning studies to evaluate and measure city-regions or mega city-regions. There are different methods for analyzing these areas, such as "Shannon entropy", but my goal is to provide a complete list of analytical methods and tools for these areas.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
2 answers
I am working on a study that investigates the relation and interaction between the theoretical evolution of regional planning and historical geography. I would like to understand how historical geography can contribute the qualitative analysis for regional plans.
Relevant answer
Answer
من الممكن الاطلاع على كتب الجغرافيين العرب كالخوارزمي والاصمعي كما ان كتاب المسالك والممالك فيه من الدراسات الاقليمية الكثير ويجب ان لاننسى ابن حوقل والاصطرخي ..كل هذا ممكن ان تجده في كتاب الجغرافيا والجغرافيون بين الزمان والمكان لمولفه د. محمد محمود محمدين
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
6 answers
The distinction between tourism planning and urban planning may be determined by how the nature of tourism differs from that of community development, physical (infrastructure and facility) planning, and land use planning. Tourism planning usually focuses on the interests of specific groups in the population, particularly those in the private sector like tourism corporations, while urban planning usually seeks to serve the interests of broader society. Tourism planning often is focused more on the facilities and infrastructure that serve tourists such as associated leisure and hospitality sectors. Urban planning is generally more inclusive in its field, trying to pay attention to all the fundamental sides of quality of life and community development, although this varies from one location to another. Moreover, while urban planning is a basic social necessity, essential for the control of development and property values, tourism planning is not seen as a fundamental public necessity, thus voluntary cooperation is often less critical for public discussion.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
19 answers
There are many uses of indicators and standards in urban planning, and sometimes there is confusion between the two terms
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Nolberto,
Thank you for useful advice.
regards
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
6 answers
Please who has the statutory instruments and sectoral guidelines (of any country) for the following procedures: Environmental impact assessment, Health impact assessment, Social impact assessment, Strategic environmental assessment, Renewable energy and Biophysical EIA? Thanks.
Relevant answer
Peter, if you are asking for these materials in respect of the Nigerian EIA, go the Federal Ministry of Environment website at https://ead.gov.ng/environmental-guidelines-revision/ and downloag these stratutory instruments etc.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
Do you have any experiences or case studies to make plan for residential local areas. Do you have any practices to develop residential local areas as commercial developed area. do you have any strategies to develop these kind of cities as commercial cities. most of the people are working out side of the city. therefore, most of the people are going out side daily. Therefore, day time population is low in the city. can we develop these cities as night functioning cities. add your valuable ides. i am waiting for you ideas.
Relevant answer
Answer
It seems like you are asking about the creating of commercial centres in existing mostly residential areas? There is quite a lot of good research on this. If you search 'suburban retrofits' or 'sprawl repair' 'commercial intensification' you should get lots of hits, including lots of images of diagrams. There are several important requirements: there must be no regulations (like zoning) preventing commercial uses, there has to be good accessibility and significant numbers of people nearby, and it is important that many or most of the people in the area think that this is a good idea.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
9 answers
There are more advantages and disadvantages in regional planning. so it should have critiques and make new strategies to over come this disadvantages. Please add your ideas.
Relevant answer
Answer
Regional planning has potential to address more of socio-economic and sustainability issues than just physical infrastructure. Most of the regional planning actions are focused on urban regions which in itself is centered around mother cities and its hinterland. Physical planning of regions have taken out people from its ambit of concern. Regional planning should have inclusive strategies, resource sharing abilities and bridge the urban -rural divide. The regional resources and its utilization (not exploitation) must be addressed by focusing on the natural resources. Its not prudent to being more urban centered which looking for expansion beyond cities physical limits. The administration of the regions which largely historical and geographical basis encompasses the security of resources for future. Most of the regions globally have exploited the regions for its resources, and left to fend for themselves while looking for good opportunity somewhere else. The cultural imprints and nature of region must be respected not only for protection of local culture but also to reduce the regional conflict. The national character of planning somewhat disregard the regional aspiration which can be addressed by more participatory and community based planning.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
2 answers
Strategic Planning was introduced in Egypt in the first half of the 2000s, after decades of applying the comprehensive planning approach in the planning process throughout the 20th century. The SP was first introduced by the UNDP and the UNHABITAT, and was officially adopted by the planning authorities in Egypt in 2006. It was mainly used in the re-planning and upgrading the existing cities and villages. This was done through an ambitious initiative that is entering now its third stage. It is important to note that there are two main bodies that are responsible for the official planning activities in Egypt and are both affiliated to the Ministry of Housing and Public Utilities. The first one is General Organization for Physical Planning (GOPP), which I responsible for the planning of existing settlements, as well as making regional plans. The second one is the New Urban Communities Authority, which is responsible for the planning of the new settlements.
The SP approach has been significantly applied by the GOPP in the re-planning and upgrading attempts of the existing settlements, cities and villages, since the mid-2000s. The initial reception of the SP approach among the planning consultants and the GOPP officials was of a great anticipation and hope for a better change towards fulfilling the needs of the local communities, enhancing the built environment and improving the stagnant situation of the many Egyptian settlements. The concepts of having a vision that leads to the formulation of strategic plans to be realized by implementing strategic projects within a span of five years – to be revisited and modified according to the needs afterwards- was quiet appealing, while having strong citizen participation during the SP process.
Now with more than a decade that passed since the implementation of the SP approach in Egypt, several aspects are being questioned in relation to the whole approach and its implementation.  Questions related to Visions, actors, citizen participation as well as the actual implementation of the formulated Strategic plans are raised.
I have been involved in the planning domain since 2008, where I contributed in formulating the Strategic Master Plans for four cities in the Egyptian Delta as well as the Initial Regional Strategic Plan for the Halayeb sub-region in the Soth of Egypt. I already have critical reflection that I will share as well in an article to be formulated.
In this Post, I am requesting the feedback, opinions and comments of those who were involved in the SP process since it started in Egypt in 2006 (or earlier) and would like to ask them to use the following Questions for reflections. I would say that those who would like to participate don't need to reflect on all the points, but they can select whatever they like or even add more points. The questions are as follows:
Visions
-         Are the visions formulated during the SP approach get really implemented and respected during the plan making and later its implementation or are they just consumed and produced for the sake of administrative purposes?
Visions are set at the beginning of the Strategic Planning project, with the contribution of most of the stake holders
Implementation
-         Did the strategic planning approach realized its purpose in improving the planning process of planning the Egyptian cities both new and existing?
-         What kind of drawbacks were experienced by the planners and decision makers when applying the SP approach in Egypt?
-         To which extent are the SP plans implemented, especially that the initial milestone for these plans was the year 2017 and the year has already passed?
-         What kind of factors affect the implementation of the plans? And are these plans respected?
Actors
-         What are the roles of the involved actors and what kind of actors are involved both in new and existing cities, as well as the regional dimension?
-         What kind of actor networks /arenas get involved in the planning process? Or are they overshadowed and dominated by more influential actors?
Citizens
-         The engagement of citizens in the planning process, is this really obvious, or is it a drawback? In terms of participation?
I highly appreciate the input of those who are interested and I promise to share the final version of this article once finalized.
Relevant answer
Answer
Firstly, I would like to thank you for such interesting discussion. Secondly ,As an Urban planner I have worked for several consulting firm doing so many strategic plans for cities and villages and submitted all documents and maps to GOPP since 2004 to 2008. From my experience, the main distinct aim for Strategic plans in Egypt at that time was about creating a new Urban boundary Growth nothing more . The other objectives for SP was useless nothing on the land except UGB. Even in some villages the UGB not respected when it comes to implementation. In Egypt, we miss the ideas of evaluation and monitoring during the implementation process. Finally, we can not forget the impact of political representative in decision making on behalf public people. People specially in the villages are not involved in SP process for their communities .
M.Saleh
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
13 answers
I want to understand how transitional probabilities are calculated for land use change modelling, given four (4) state land use types for a previous period (T1) and a new period (T2) spanning ten years.  
Please, using the above percentages how do I derive the transitional probabilities for the two periods. Make the answer simple.
Thanks for your assistance.
Sam
Relevant answer
Answer
See my answer to your personal message. Also look at the excel example there and on the previous answer above. Note you have to have the SOLVER ADD-IN activated in EXCEL. The idea is to have an objective (like minimize costs) and constraints.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
Basically, I am keen to examine the relationship between tourism and regional development through identification and assessment of actual and potential resources within the development-first perspective of tourism planning. Please provide conceptual inputs, methodologies and suggestions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Abinash, this article is not directly examine the relationship between tourism and regional development through identification and assessment of actual and potential resources, how ever it contains DRR part which is one of the important aspects of tourism planning.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
4 answers
We are interested to review the curriculum of the Department of Geography, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan. For the said purpose, we are seeking the ways/procedures to get expert support/collaboration.
What can be done to get the expert/technical support ?
Relevant answer
Answer
In the german spoken geography there many insitutes of geography with regional expertise. I can recomend you to look to the Leibniz-Institut für Länderkunde, in Leipzig (https://www.ifl-leipzig.de/) or the Institut of Geography of the Free University of Berlin (http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/geog/index.html) with a strong Asia expertise and collaborations.
Our Institute of Geography in Innsbruck (Austria) is more specialised in Latin America.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
it would be better if the reference include maps
Relevant answer
Answer
EIA is there usually better where there are academic freedom and good governance practices. Often outcomes are already determined before an EIA starts. Crucial is transparency and inclusiveness. Here developing countries seem to need to enhance the quality level, but there are surely examples in some countries where things in this regards are better than in others, and there are certainly also so-called developed countries, where the processes are done as the law requires them, but were economic interests prevail.
I don’t have maps, but the following literature provides some overviews
Fola S. Ebisemiju         Environmental Impact Assessment: Making it Work in Developing Countries   Elsevier - Academic Press    Journal of Environmental Management             Year:1993
Month:
Day:
Volume:38
Issue:4
First page:247
Last page:273
O.A. Sankoh   Making Environmental Impact Assessment Convincible to Developing Countries         Elsevier - Academic Press    Journal of Environmental Management             Year:1996
Month:
Day:
Volume:47
Issue:2
First page:185
Last page:189
Habib M. Alshuwaikhat           Strategic environmental assessment can help solve environmental impact assessment failures in developing countries             Elsevier            Environmental Impact Assessment Review       Year:2005
Month:
Day:
Volume:25
Issue:4
First page:307
Last page:317
Davide Geneletti; Dorje Dawa             Environmental impact assessment of mountain tourism in developing regions: A study in Ladakh, Indian Himalaya      Elsevier            Environmental Impact Assessment Review       Year:2009
Month:
Day:
Volume:29
Issue:4
First page:229
Last page:242
Seth Appiah-Opoku    Environmental impact assessment in developing countries: the case of Ghana    Elsevier             Environmental Impact Assessment Review       Year:2001
Month:
Day:
Volume:21
Issue:1
First page:59
Last page:71
Salim Momtaz and S. M. Zobaidul Kabir (Auth.)
Evaluating Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Developing Countries
978-0-12-408129-1
2013
Asit K. Biswas and S. B. C. Agarwal (Eds.)
Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries
978-0-7506-1190-9
Butterworth-Heinemann
1992
 
Conducting Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries: Prasad Modak and Asit K. Biswas; United Nations University Press, Tokyo and New York, 1999, 364 pages, ISBN 92-808-0965-2 (US$34.95)
Have a look at the publications below
Kim V.L. England
Suburban Pink Collar Ghettos: The Spatial Entrapment of Women?
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
Year:1993
Month:
Day:
Volume:83
Issue:2
First page:225
Last page:242
Rapino*, Melanie A.; Cooke, Thomas J.
Commuting, Gender Roles, and Entrapment: A National Study Utilizing Spatial Fixed Effects and Control Groups
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
The Professional Geographer
Year:2011
Month:03
Day:17
Volume:63
Issue:2
First page:277
Last page:294
Wheatley, Dan
Location, Vocation, Location? Spatial Entrapment among Women in Dual Career Households
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
Gender, Work & Organization
Year:2013
Month:02
Momtaz, Salim
Evaluating Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Developing Countries || Evaluating Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
Elsevier
book
Year:2013
Month:
Day:
Volume:
Issue:
First page:171
Last page:187
Momtaz, Salim
Evaluating Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Developing Countries || The Quality of Environmental Impact Statements
Elsevier
book
Year:2013
Month:
Day:
Volume:
Issue:
First page:53
Last page:83
Momtaz, Salim
Evaluating Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Developing Countries || Institutional Framework of the Environmental Impact Assessment System
Elsevier
book
Year:2013
Month:
Day:
Volume:
Issue:
First page:29
Last page:52
Momtaz, Salim
Evaluating Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Developing Countries || Evaluating the Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment System in Developing Countries
Elsevier
book
Year:2013
Month:
Day:
Volume:
Issue:
First page:5
Last page:28
Yang, Na; Damgaard, Anders; Lü, Fan; Shao, Li-Ming; Brogaard, Line Kai-Sørensen; He, Pin-Jing
Environmental impact assessment on the construction and operation of municipal solid waste sanitary landfills in developing countries: China case study
Elsevier
Waste Management
Year:2014
Month:05
Day:
Volume:34
Issue:5
First page:929
Last page:937
Mokhehle, Lipolelo; Diab, Roseanne
Evolution of environmental impact assessment in a small developing country: a review of Lesotho case studies from 1980 to 1999
Informa UK (Beech Tree Publishing)
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Year:2001
Month:03
Day:
Volume:19
Issue:1
First page:9
Last page:18 
Annandale, David
Developing and evaluating environmental impact assessment systems for small developing countries
Informa UK (Beech Tree Publishing)
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Year:2001
Month:09
Day:
Volume:19
Issue:3
First page:187
Last page:193
Momtaz, Salim
The practice of social impact assessment in a developing country: the case of environmental and social impact assessment of Khulna-Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation Project in Bangladesh
Informa UK (Beech Tree Publishing)
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Year:2003
Month:06
Day:
Volume:21
Issue:2
First page:125
Last page:132
Naser, Humood A.
The role of environmental impact assessment in protecting coastal and marine environments in rapidly developing islands: The case of Bahrain, Arabian Gulf
Elsevier
Ocean & Coastal Management
Year:2015
Month:02
Day:
Volume:104
Issue:
First page:159
Last page:169
Marsden, S.
Developing Approaches to Trans-boundary Environmental Impact Assessment in China: Co-operation through the Greater Tumen Initiative and in the Pearl River Delta Region
Oxford University Press
Chinese Journal of International Law
Year:2010
Month:06
Day:01
Volume:9
Issue:2
First page:393
Last page:414
Bowonder, B; Prasad, S S R; Reddy, R
Project siting and environmental impact assessment in developing countries
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Project Appraisal
Year:1987
Month:03
Day:
Volume:2
Issue:1
First page:11
Last page:20
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
2 answers
Is there any research or innovation related to storm water drainage for coastal urban areas? Generally pumping is used for effective drainage of low-lying coastal areas/towns. Can there be any other way? 
Relevant answer
Answer
An innovative blue/green strategy that might be of interest is identified in my report p. 38-39  - this maybe of interest 
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
7 answers
I am trying to develop risk distribution maps under various management scenarios. For say what would be the potential distribution/spread of FIAS when nothing is done and what could be the change in the spread if a management is applied. I appreciate if any one of you has got an approach to it.
Kind Regards
Vivek
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you for your response.  A book entitled "Introduction to Regulatory Science and Engineering: Focusing on Issues of Local, National and Global Importance" will be published by me and my colleague A. Alan Moghissi from Tokyo in few months, primarily in Japanese and partially in English. 
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
4 answers
I am looking for specific factors when present in a Model could result in or ensure effective monitoring and evaluation of construction projects. Specifically at the local governance level 
Relevant answer
Answer
hi dear Tengan
I could find research paper that have been written by Khang,& Moe (2008). They have discussed about  " Success criteria and factors for international development projects: A life‐cycle‐based framework" .[ Project Management Journal, 39(1), 72-84.] . I think this research work will be useful for your need
Regards
Dr. Kumara
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
7 answers
I interested in ' Integration climate change risk into river basin planning through applying SEA method in to planning process. How do you think about this?
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
Hello Ms. Vuong,
Have you ever tried these materials  for direct NO decomposition.
Thanks,
Krishna
Relevant answer
Answer
The oxidation state of vanadium in the most active catalysts is 5. During reaction vanadium can be reduced. However, the oxygen mobility of support help to keep oxidation state of vanadium nearly 5. Pure ceria support is not so good but incorporation of ceria with another oxide improve this property, thus enhance the catalytic activity.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
4 answers
Implement pervious pavement in areas of urban expansion.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think it should considering the long run
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
town planning & regional planning
Relevant answer
Answer
Spatial Implication can be observed when governments
(A) Prepares the land use plan and impacts the valuation of land and property
(b) Regulates the land utilization there by resulting in planned and un planned areas
(c) Regulates the finance and affects the real estate market there by affects the construction industry
(d) Finance policy for the banks and state supply of properties have positive and negative impacts of markets and density or sprawl of cities are affected.
(e) Govt helps the large corporate and public sector organization to procure land through govt. help is intervention in the market when large sum of lands are brought and sold impacts the development trends leading to progress and deterioration of cities. 
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
10 answers
articles or books
Relevant answer
Answer
A lot of the work undertaken by ESPON in Europe would be helpful. One example is:
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
1 answer
Statistical data is preferred. Also data of any state and district will be helpful.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Prakhar
India is a huge country.
It is difficult to say one uniform impact on poverty, employment, women's empowerment, natural resources and asset creation. 
I would like to suggest that you read the following.
Government sources
For government supported monitoring and evaluation studies on MGNREGA refer to the following links
1. Studies by Professional Institution Network (includes IIM, IIT, women's rights groups). Data is available state wise and  district wise- but done by different institutes.
You can download the evaluation reports from the fourth column of the Table (see the link there)
2. Power points of more number of studies are available at: 
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE TO SEE SUMMARY OF FINDINGS FROM several STUDIES IN THE SAME WEB PAGE
3. Link to a national level concurrent evaluation report is given below- now a bit old
Non governmental reports
4. For non governmental reports see Economic Political weekly. I have downloaded one for you (2015)
5. Please find attached my powerpoint presentation on findings from meta-evaluation of MGNREGA that I carried out on behalf of the Institute of Social Studies Trust. The full report is available on request. 
Best
Ranjani
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
4 answers
A fuzzy in the PROMETHEE
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Haris,
thank you for reply. At the moment I am out of this work and need sometime to get in again. But if it is no problem I will contact you latter?
Regards
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
21 answers
Hi all, I am working on the topic which is focused on Protected Landscape Areas in the Czech Republic. I would like to aim to verify claims which were raised as arguments against PLA. I would like to ask you, is there any publication which follows up PLA and their impact on regional development? Is there some publication which is focused on factors of regional development in protected areas? Is PLA problem for regional development or is it an advantage? Do you know some examples? Because one of the claim (the mayors of the affected municipalities told) was that the declaration of new PLA will mean "only limitation", restriction of movement in PLA, restriction of regional development, restriction of state administration, slowing the development of municipalities etc. 
Thank you so much for your answers.
Have a nice day.
Relevant answer
Answer
We have conducted an ESPON project on liveable landscape as an asset in regional development, this might not exactly be what you are looking for, but might be worth to take a glance. 
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
2 answers
What are some of the alternative ways (other than federal funding) states can pursue to fund public services such as transportation planning, paying for police and fire services and improving education? Usually those services are funded by a combination of state tax income and federal funding. How can tax-free states generate alternative income to pay for such services?
Relevant answer
Answer
Don't know how much longer, if there are any nation, that can remain tax free (zero incidence of tax for the populace?). But there are certainly things governments can do to rid themselves from tax addiction. Re-nationalizing lucrative industries often changes the existing structure of rents if contracts can be renegotiated, innovative incentives can be re-engineered with the relevant stakeholders . Thereby increasing the economic efficiency of these industries and paving the way for even less tax reliance and increased public revenues to finance public projects and services. A case in point is Bolivia, where policy episodes alternating between nationalization and privatization in the hydrocarbons sector has yielded interesting policy lessons.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
1 answer
We are writing a thesis on daily mobility and urban transport. We would like to know the differences in approaches to these researchers.
Relevant answer
Answer
northern and southern where, continent and country?
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
11 answers
I would like to be informed about the related literature
Relevant answer
Answer
by looking at regional and local budget data.  might start with tax sharing at the regional and local levls
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
Tanzania has numerous local historical sites. I am intending therefore, to write a paper about development of historical sites in one of the newly established districts in the country. 
Relevant answer
Answer
you can see the following sites:
EBSCO and UNESCO publications
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
24 answers
Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) is considered as a governance process by Olsen, Lowry and Tobey (1999) and by Olsen and Nickerson (2003). However I realize and support the criterion that “Integrated Coastal Zone Management” (ICZM) is limited to a management process, not specifically a governance one. Governance addresses the values, policies, laws and institutions by which a set of issues are addressed (Olsen, 2003).
Relevant answer
Answer
Good discussion! I understand that ICZM also involves policies, laws and institutions, but I think that it would be convenient to differentiate when a relevant government instance leads coastal management (ICM) from when government simply participates and support, coastal management (ICZM). Discussing what mean area or zone in Spanish and English, is indeed another interesting subject, but I am focusing in coastal management processes. I suggest that there are  two distinct processes that should be considered separate.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
6 answers
In the European context (France, Germany, Luxembourg, etc.), national borders are less and less hermetic. People adopt new trans-bording behaviors that lead to new possibilities of residential and commercial development (land use) on the both parts of the border. How can we measure this differential ? 
Relevant answer
Answer
A fascinating topic, Jean-Philippe
As intro; I reside on one site of a border (D) and work at the other (NL) commuting by rail or bicycle depending on the weather; I am also a Remote Sensing specialist and look regularly at satellite images and aerial photography both sides of the border. From that experience,  I would like share my observations.
The border of NL & D (and similary NL & B) appears prominently on any satellite image or photo-mosaic also in landscapes with the same soil, dialect/language and family names both sides of the border and that were the same political unit in the Middle Ages. In other words, borders have created differences over the centuries. Among the differentiating features are field size, hedgerows, grass/cropland ratio, forest pattern, dominant forest plantation tree (beech in D; not in NL), man-made drainage pattern and infrastructure, pattern of urban expansion and so on.  Although the boom at border has disappeared, very little else has changed. Especially laws, regulations and institutions are different at both side of the border; in effect emigration to another EU country is proved to be not easier than to my current country of residence in Africa. History has created a divergent pattern over centuries that seems unlikely to converge over decades. Further divergence continues today; for example on the D side I see wind-turbines, solar panels on every farm-shed and bio-gas production transform the rural landscape; none of it at the NL-side (different subsidies); intervention and appearance in cross-border nature reserves show even to the untrained eye where the (not demarcated) border is. The only convergence I have observed is in housing; locally, the Dutch style and pattern can now be found on the German side (for Dutch immigrants).
Once you established your Research narrative and questions, we may discuss your Methods; land cover change detection methods, could be a start.
Hope it stimulates
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
3 answers
I want evaluating urmia lake ecosystem changes impact on regional spatial organisation. Actually as a effective force on spatial organisation change or reorganisation.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Haider and shirkou thank you so much for your Suggestion.
That is important and useful in this research but I need a appropriate method for comprehensive assessing in all of the aspect regional reorganization or functional  reorganization.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
1 answer
I am using Landuse modeler from Idrisi Selva to model and predict the changes of land cover in future. Can any one tell me what is going on backside to get those predictions and other results, like accuracy?
Relevant answer
Answer
Why not try the idrisi tutorial
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
9 answers
Variations in development of any region are dictates of the available resources and the levels of their development, thus presenting regions as developed, developing, and under-developed regions. The main goal of regional planning as a field of study is to promote regional development.
Relevant answer
Answer
If the utmost goal is 'regional development', then when do we say a region is developed. Are we equating urbanization with development?
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
2 answers
I came across the Geodesign framework by Carl Steinitz
Steinitz, C. (2012). A Framework for Geodesign: Changing Geography by Design (p. 224). ESRI Press.
and was wondering if there are examples where this framework was applied on the regional scale.
Looking forward to hear your opinion and examples.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Alexander Please go through these points may helpful to you,
GeoDesign involves three activity spaces: the work environment (where designers do their work), the design tools (the tools designers use to do their work), and supportive workflows (how designers do their work). Having one of these out of sync can impede the design process.
Work Environment—Today's work environment used by geo-based design professionals involves the field, the desktop, connection to enterprise servers and databases, the use of document management systems, collaborative environments (both inside and outside the enterprise), and interaction with outside agencies and organizations.
Design Tools—Geo-based designers use a variety of tools to assist them as they create their designs. Probably the most frequently used tool, or type of tool, is the drawing tool. The particular type of drawing tool depends on the designer's domain and whether the designer is working in 2D or 3D space.
Supportive Workflows—Most geo-based workflows, at least at a detailed level, are domain specific. Three workflows pertaining to the use of geographic information stand out, however, as being predominantly genetic: one related to land-use change; one related to the design, construction, and management of built facilities; and one related to the use of 2D CAD.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
5 answers
I have determined some of the indicators influencing urban rural development disparity. Now I need to relate it to policies being implemented by the Govt. I have the name of the policies and their action plans and programs. What kind of analysis/framework can be used to explain policy gaps with respect to identified factors?
Relevant answer
Answer
There are a number of different approaches of policy analysis. Inspired by the books "Theories of the Policy Process" Paul A. Sabatier (ed.) and Michael Hill´s "The Public Policy Process" as well as the accompanying reader "The Policy Process" (Hill is editor here), here are a few ideas:
-Institutional Rational Choice
-Multiple Streams Framework
-Social Construction Policy Design
-Network approaches of different kinds.
-Advocacy Coalition framework
-Diffussion Models
-Then there are institutional theories of different brands, see for example in B. Guy Peters "Institutional Theory in Political Science".
-Last, but definitely not least there are discursive approaches, represented by (for example) Maarten Hajers older works and Frank Fischers work. Another inspiring source here is John Forester.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
12 answers
see above
Relevant answer
Answer
Major roads, freeways, railroads, rivers, mountains, etc are good boundaries. Here in the United States, we tend to use census tracts, as that makes it simple to assign demographic data to a zone.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
10 answers
I was looking for material on mitigating and adapting measures for climate change. But the problem I faced was that I mostly get policy framed proposals, or which are primarily related to technology and science, e.g. using green roofs etc. I wanted to know how spatial planning can help in mitigating and adapting to climate change. The scale will be around 1:200,000 (i.e. for a district in India). I believe that if you use this level of scale, you can do spatial planning measures best. If you use a larger scale, it will become more policy based framework, and if use a smaller scale, say 1:50000, then it will be a technological measure, and will not solve my purpose.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Prakhar,
I know that the situation in Europe can not be easily compared to the on in developing countries. However, I think the BASE project should be of interest for you: As you can see on there website, the "research project "Bottom-Up Climate Adaptation Strategies for a Sustainable Europe" (BASE) supports action for sustainable climate change adaptation in Europe. BASE makes experiential and scientific information on adaptation meaningful, transferable and easily accessible to decision-makers at all levels. The project is funded under the EUs 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7). A presentation describing BASE, as well as its relation to the the EU Adaptation Strategy is available for download" --> http://base-adaptation.eu/about-base
Kind regards,
Stephan
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
2 answers
I am doing a project in urban modelling and I have various layers of classification. I want to do a sector Hoyt model.
Relevant answer
Answer
Can you give more information on what you would like your model to achieve, may be an example?
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
1 answer
While polycentric urban regions identified by scholars as a new urban phenomenon and is a spreading pattern worldwide, what are the opposing reasons to this approach? Are there any ideas supporting the former patterns that mostly can be seen in developing countries-Urban Primacy?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, I don't really have the depth of knowledge here and seeing more opinions would be great so I'll add and hopefully get some more discussion happening.
One issue is that of governance and the division of power. Planning Asian Cities by Hamnet discusses it a bit in relation to Manila and Jakarta. Reading about the cities in Manila doing their own thing and the central government hasn't managed to get conformity so different rules and regulations (such as building standards) throughout the greater area. I'd also see this giving rise to competition between the different centres and the playing of one 'local' government against each other.
We modelled future urban growth in Australia and examined it in respect to a regional plan covering a number of local government areas. Too broad scale for urban design work but overall the regional plan was very good. However it is only a guideline for the local governments who have the capacity to ignore it. We've also had local government feel specific new developments are inappropriate for their area or will give rise to other issues - traffic, changing the nature of the place etc and have then been overridden by a higher tier of government.
Total speculation: Depending on size of the city and distances between centres there may be advantages with not having to replicate facilities and infrastructure which may give an advantage with economics of scale?
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
7 answers
In developing countries like Iran governments use new towns as a tool to overcome the imbalances in urban-regions. My question is what is the situation of european countries on the new towns, while based on natural resources spread around we have a way denser network of towns and cities in regional scale.
Relevant answer
Answer
Refining the dichotomy Europe/Developing countries might also be interesting: building a more articulated typology of new towns, in which experiences in GB or France are compared to what hapened in countries like Singapore or Egypt for example, in order to both understand the variety of uses of the concept and some possible hidden convergences or common challenges
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
1 answer
Advantages of development charges in municipalities.
Relevant answer
Answer
You can check The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy website. They have published a book "Value Capture and Land Policies". If you need further information, this is my phd subject, i may help.
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
7 answers
I am interested in looking at the policies of small governments concerning population change. For example, how does a county manage an aging population or decrease in labor? Some of the counties in Midwest America are continuing to lose young labor especially in rural areas. What can those counties do to reinvent themselves and replenish the population?
Relevant answer
Answer
I recommend
Theorie generale de la population / A. Sauvy. - Paris, 1963.
Kapellari E. Europa 2001. Nadzieje, do świadczenia, wyzwania / E. Kapellari // Moralny
fundament Europy czyli o cywikizacj ężycia ; Mat. sympozjumu “O solidarność rodziny narodów Europy”, 13-14 maja, 2001 r. – Lublin, 2002. – S. 157–168.
journal articles:
Jacques Véron La Théorie générale de la population est-elle toujours une théorie générale de la population? (http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/pop_0032-4663_1992_num_47_6_3925)
little information of public importance:
  • asked a question related to Regional Planning
Question
18 answers
The present global problems emanating from climate changes have been a source of worry to World Leaders. Specific Urban issues such as housing, zoning regulations could be employed in recreating the environmental conditions of any specific area.
Relevant answer
Answer
Local governments are becoming very active in planning for climate change, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and reducing vulnerability to potential impacts of climate change (changing probabilities and risks of extreme events such as floods). One organization that is promoting networking among researchers and practitioners is ICLEI; http://www.iclei.org/.