Science topic

Refugees - Science topic

Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
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Why Syrian refugees coming to Turkey ? whic factors effects this case? Relationship, work, closing, employment...
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Dear Dr. Mahmut Kaya ,
If you wish, you can also see the following Project=
Best wishes in your investigation.
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Anyone who is familiar with the refugee crisis in Turkey and/or Lebanon in particular management of the camps located in Gaziantep, Hatay, Sanliurfa, Kahramanmaras, Osmaniye, Adiyaman, and Kilis, please reach out to me directly for connection and collaboration of information referencing the refugee crisis.
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Hi Angela, I am writing my Master Thesis on Leadership in refugee camps. Can you please contact me?
Kind regards,
Chahida
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I just wondered how colleagues relate their research on Deaf migrant and refugees to other fields or if they think the issues about Deaf migrants and refugees should be considered as an interdisciplinary commitment between Deaf Studies and Migration Studies.
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This question is really interesting! It engages many evaluations, dealing with migration issues. First of all, the host country and its general migration policy must be taken into account. What I am able to say is that, generally the reception of migrants does not concern the handicap aspects or particular problems of individual migrant. That is the reason why I said it depends on the host country, the sensibility of the country or something like this. The particular problems are identified later, when the migrants already have an accommodation and a legal status. For this reason and other things I think the best solution should be an interdisciplinary commitment between Deaf, Social and Migration Studies.
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Hi there,
searching some sort of UNHCR with scenario analysis. Cherish your feedback.
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In the legal field of custody pending deportation (Abschiebungshaft) in the Federal Republic of Germany, errors happen more frequently in the lower instance, the district court. Above all, it is procedural errors that lead to decisions later being found to be unlawful, for example, a lawyer who can be seen from the files is not contacted or there is insufficient language mediation. In terms of reasons for this, the lack of time and the density of court proceedings are often put forward first, leading to a lower qualitative examination. In the same way, legal ignorance can sometimes be observed in the legal field of custody pending deportation.
I am interested in whether there are other areas of law in which similar errors can be identified at the lowest level? In other words, procedural errors that happen again and again.
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Are there any instructive and recommendable studies about the preunderstanding of a judge?
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Dear distinguished colleague,
Recently we have started comparative global research that we have started recently on 'Students' perception on the Russia-Ukraine war 2022' (link to the website: http://www.covidsoclab.org/russia-ukraine-war-2022/), covering various economic and social effects of this war. The global comparative analysis helps us formulate the most useful recommendations for policymakers.
If you are interested in participating (as a contact person and a potential co-author of a joint paper, do let me know to give you further guidelines – see also research guidelines on the webpage: http://www.covidsoclab.org/russia-ukraine-war-2022/research-guidelines/). Your main task at this stage would be to motivate students from your institution (or wider in the country) to complete the online questionnaire by 30 April 2022 at the latest (here is only a preview link: https://1ka.arnes.si/a/60ee60a0&preview=on). When we have the results, we will analyse and compare them (between countries included in our study - then is a plan to prepare academic article(s) relating to different (e.g., economic and social aspects) of the Russia-Ukraine war 2022 together with the analysed results of our questionnaire survey). You will also receive data from your country/institution in order to deploy it in further research. The detailed dissemination plan will be finalised later according to the interests of international partners.
If your time is limited and do not allow you to fully join at this moment, we would kindly ask you if you could motivate and share a link with your students to fill out the questionnaire (please, do see a message and a link for students below) and we will be happy to provide you with the data/result/report for your institution.
Please, do not hesitate to contact me in case of any further queries.
Prof. dr. Aleksander Aristovnik
CovidSocLab
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Interested to participate in the survey on perception on the Russia-Ukraine war 2022.
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Fruit fly is one of many pest on the chili farming. Fruit fly can destroy until 100% yields. Using plant that function as repellent or refuge can decrease pesticide. Maybe there is any plant.
Thank you
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Tagetes patula (French marigold) is used in companion planting for many vegetable crops to repel harmful insects.
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This is for research about important issues to repatriation of refugees. Literature (or UNHCR documents) connecting forced migration/repatriation to political/civic engagement would be appreciated. Also, any literature or documents about definitions for political engagement or civic engagement are also needed.
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Hello,
Is there anyone who is looking for research collaboration about the Refugees especially focus on the economic lifestyle, economic factor, etc I am available. Currently doing work for refugees who are living in the Cox's Bazar. I am ready to work with you.
Regard
Sajjad Hosen
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Seems to be very worthwhile research area. Willing to collaborate.
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I need collaborators/co-authors from Vishegrad countries willing to contribute to write a professional article and disseminate a readiness-tool for schools receiving Ukrainian refugee children.
Collective Scientific Articles (Visegrad-based co-authors):
To reach as many teachers as possible in Vishegrad schools, we want to contact and obtain endorsements from Visegrad-based professional educational bodies:
Collective Scientific Article (Visegrad-based co-authors):
Here is the possible title proposal, of course still under construction and with openess to discuss the content/aims.
Title proposal: Multicultural School Climate Readiness Tool: Precursor for Successfull School Integration of Ukrainian Refugee Children in Visegrad Countries
Please contact me without hesitation if you want to know more: filip.kachnic@pedf.cuni.cz
Kind regards,
---------------------------------------------------
Filip Kachnic, M.Ed.
PHD CANDIDATE
Institute for Research and Development of Education
Faculty of Education
Charles University
Czechia
Tel: +46-72-0053-621 (SE)
AFFILIATED RESEARCHER
International Observatory on School Climate and Violence Prevention
University of Seville
Spain
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Let's get started.
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It is shocking that we let immigrant/refugee children in our countries and then do not pro-actively adress the widely-known challenge they may face: low avademic achievement thats leads to drop out from school that leads to unemployment. Please provide your valuable suggestion on how to solve this. Thank you.
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Effective practices include: establishing direct lines of communication with students and families in English and other languages spoken at home; partnering with immigrant-serving community organizations to inform families about their rights and options; involving bilingual family resource center staff, family liaisons ...
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Does anyone know of studies focusing on habitat refuge/creation for terrestrial reptiles that might aid in protecting them from aboitic environmental variable
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I am still in the early stages of this, however I am thinking of exploring the potential football has, as a means to aid the integration of Venezuelan refugees in countries like Peru and Columbia. I am reading that similar to Europe, refugees are subject to racism and resentment. While also in Europe, football clubs have started to partner up refugee forums to help. UEFA recently wrote a report of their commitment to helping the cause. I also wonder if CONEBOL could implement the same action. Early indictors suggest their is a gap in the literature, when it comes to refugees and football in South America.
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Dear Dr. Ben David Anthony Bird, As a topic for a potential PhD, I think it's a great idea. Currently there are already footballers in Serie A.
To get an idea, take a look at the following page:
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How do you evaluate the European Union's position on Refugees? Is the EU fair enough? Can irregular migration be prevented?
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Economic and financial crises, military crises and the growing climate crisis occurring in developing countries and the lowest income countries, advancing unfavorable climate changes and the effects of these climate changes, such as the more and more frequent droughts and pest infestations on farmlands, drying out wells, and soil sterilization, the decline in the biodiversity of natural ecosystems, etc., are key factors that will result in an increasing scale of international population migration. Therefore, it is necessary to develop social welfare systems for refugees, support in adapting to new realities, develop social solidarity, accept and tolerate other cultures and value systems, etc.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Refugee crisis was a reality worldwide just a while before the COVID-19 pandemic. What are the current and upcoming effects of the pandemic in refugee crisis and human rights?
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Refugee populations are facing numerous challenges including lack of access to health services, loss of livelihoods, evictions and stigmatization are major. "Apart together survey" illustrates the everyday struggle and experience of refugees during the pandemic. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240017924
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Hello,
Any ideas about the most important methodolgies of international law of refugees ?
Thanks in advance
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Dear All,
I am working on designing an gender based violence (GBV) program evaluation tool to measure frequency of violence against men and boys over time. But I could not find any resources on this. Any resource materials would highly recommended.
Thanks
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Thank you so much Theodora Gazi for useful resource links.
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Hello Everyone,
I would like to take your point of view about three possible research questions that I'm finding it hard to choose for my master thesis about naturalizing refugees and the impact on host countries. It's going to be a qualitative paper reviewing the literature mostly. The questions are as follow:
1: How are immigrant’s social and economic adaption and integration related to individual characteristics? How will naturalization affect their employment chances and wages? In other words does the economic gap between migrants and refugees affect the naturalization process when entering the labor market in host countries?
2: How refugees succeed economically in some countries and why not in others?
3: How does the remittance behavior or share differ for a naturalized refugee/migrant from the unnaturalized? What are the effects on the socio-economic and demography level of a host country?
I will really appreciate the honest opinions and suggestions related to the topic
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  • Hello Sandy, Greetings and trust you are keeping well. I just came across the conversation above on refugees while browsing a feasible methodology for my planned research on socio-economic, political and environmental impacts of refugees on host community. Just wondering, hoping you have progressed with your research already, if you could share any relevant documents including yours for my references. Stay safe! Awoke
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What would be the best methodology to research on the socio-economic, environmental & political implication of refugees on host community?
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Thank you for selecting this significant research topic.
I think, qualitative research using an integrated methodology of sample survey, case study, and participant observation should be ideal.
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Dear researchers and colleagues,
I hope you are well and in good health.
I wanted to design an individual-level interview protocol for refugee entrepreneurs and eco-system agents (e.g.., government agencies, investors, financial institutions, local development agencies, etc.)
I appreciate it if you can help me with related literature.
Many thanks
Hasan Ghura
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Architectural and economic aspects are important. But beyond that, challenges and solutions need to be addressed comprehensively and viewed holistically in the new city model. Reducing inequality and achieving sustainability are two objectives that should be pursued, but the challenges will vary depending on each city and its degree of development. In European cities, the situation may not be as dramatic as it is in emerging countries, but this could change as a result of various factors, such as the aging of the population, the influx of refugees of war or natural disasters, and unemployment. Therefore, a key aim in Europe is to ensure that large cities are engines of sustainable economic growth where particular population segments—such as young people—can find work, whereas the goal in developing countries such as Brazil, Colombia, and India is to provide housing and basic services for all social classes. This aspect is very important not only from the standpoint of housing but also for governance and city strategy.
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Cities of the future should be a socially diverse environment where economic and social activities overlap and where communities are focused around neighborhoods. They must be developed or adapted to enable their citizens to be socioeconomically creative and productive. Recent developments provide hope that such challenges can be tackled. Kindly the following RG link:
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The current global pandemic, the climate crisis, the destruction of the oceans (with plastics, etc), and massive numbers of refugees are part of a set of serious global problems.
It is clear that most states' focus on nationalism and a general lack of support or trust in the UN is rendering global efforts to confront these problems as lacking. What can educators do about this impending danger?
In Canada and the US, social studies education includes a multicultural perspective based on national pride. the time has come to teach less from a nationalistic view and one looking at the world from a type of cosmopolitanism. Conservatives will likely react negatively to such a suggestion, but the situation warrants support for global citizenship.
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Paul,
I think the timing for asking this question couldn't be any better. I did a quick search on the Web of Science and it looks like research in this field has been rather limited. The search resulted in 67 scholarly works related to teaching global citizenship, though the settings in which the studies were carried out vary from case to case.
I thought these three works might provide some answers to your question:
1. Scaffolding Critical Questions: Learning to Read the World in a Middle School Civics Class in Mexico ( This article shares the case of a student-driven investigation into social issues from an eighth-grade civics class at an American school in Mexico. Through vignettes about the teaching and learning process, the author argues that a focus on students' inquiry into their social contexts rather than on specific social justice content is a key practice when teaching for critical democratic literacy, especially when teachers and students come from different social contexts. This article offers a concrete example of how foregrounding students' critical questions can help move students toward social justice-oriented citizenship. )
2. Ecopedagogy as an element of citizenship education: The dialectic of global/local spheres of citizenship and critical environmental pedagogies (This article examines how conflicting processes of globalisation both help and hinder in achieving such a paradigm shift by decentring traditional nation-state citizenship. Results from the second study indicate how critical teaching within and between different spheres of citizenship (e.g. local, national, global, and planetary citizenship) is essential for ecopedagogy (and the ecopedagogical element). )
3. A QUESTION OF HOW A Report on Teachers' Instructional Practices When Educating for Global Citizenship in Canada ( This chapter reports how educating for global citizenship is being practiced by teachers in the K-12 education landscape in three metropolitan regions of Canada. First, we briefly review the history of global citizenship education in Canada to contextualize the foundation upon which educating for global citizenship is being understood and practiced by teachers. Next, we introduce a series of conceptual frameworks that synthesize common priorities linked to educating for global citizenship in educational policy, practice, and research communities. Lastly, we report findings from a qualitative research study that we conducted between 2008 and 2011 on educating for global citizenship from the perspectives of Canadian public school teachers from, three metropolitan regions. This study investigated teachers' learning goals, instructional practices, and orientations when educating for global citizenship and how each contributes to the other. )
I hope this helps.
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I already have one called: Refugees, Migration and National Security: States, Intelligence Agencies and the Perpetual Global Crisis - Case Study, Kenya. But I find a lot of papers online on this topic.
Therefore am requesting you my learned colleagues to help me identify a suitable RESEARCH PROPOSAL. I would prefer proposals that focus on Africa.
Mwenda
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The list of possible subjects is nearly endless. It really depends on what you are interested in. We could benefit from more comparative (e.g. country-comparative or thematically comparative) work in African security studies. Too much work seems to focus on a single country or else assumes the continent as a whole.
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Dear all,
I am looking for projects/initiatives regarding refugee representation and new media technologies. I am interested in researching how refugees use new media technology to represent themselves and how that contrast or not with mainstream representations. Can anyone suggest to me some research on the topic or does anyone know about specific projects/initiatives to check out?
This would be my Master Thesis on Migration Studies and I would really appreciate any advice, suggestion, or observation concerning the topic!
Thank you so much in advance
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I would recommend the following article:
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South Africa has a significant number of refugees, asylum seekers and migrant workers, coming mostly from the rest of Africa, but also elsewhere. The Covid-19 pandemic has accentuated the vulnerabilities already experienced by the poor in accessing housing and basic services. How has the refugee, asylum seeker and migrant population in your country (for those who live in countries with this group) been affected by the pandemic in respect of access to and affordability of housing and services, what interventions have been put in place to assist them, and how effective have such been?
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Pauline Adebayo very important issue.
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We are looking for the most recent information on older immigrants and asylum seekers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Following
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The Conventioned dealt with the realities after the last second world war and with a world population of 2.5 billion. Since then, third world countries have experienced increased population rates and low prospority whereas in the developped world the opposite happened.
The Convention thus, deals with a definition of a problem that is alien to today's realities and its solutions may be anachronistic.
The Convention's last ammedment was with the Protocol of New York.
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Dear Asif, I am in favour of an expansion of the Geneva Regime. However we do not have a good political environment to open a discussion to update the Geneva Conventions. Today we have too much conservative governments making noise and playing against human rights and humanitarian law worldwide. We need to preserve what we have, that's why I think it will be very risky to raise this issue now. We should be patient and resilient...and wait a better moment to do that. Best, GR
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Hello Everyone,
I do hope that all of you are doing well and staying safe amid the COVID-19.
I'm trying to find research papers or data that gives a global view about the difference in the composition of refugees and migrants (age, gender, higher education...) basically information about the demographic, economic status and education of these categories.
Thanking you in advance,
Have a great weekend and stay safe
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Please see the Covid-19 Page in ResearchGate website.
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I am interested in understanding more about NGOs that work with refugees. I am brainstorming a project that does not involve IRB approval.
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Hello Mary,
In general, using publicly available data is exempt from requiring IRB oversight. However, some IRBs, as Daniel Wright 's response correctly notes, may wish to rule on whether a study is exempt from IRB oversight. Others may be content to let the researcher assume the risk if the project adheres to excepted categories that they (the local IRB) have published or adopted.
Once you get some ideas, it wouldn't hurt to contact your university IRB officer to confirm that your proposed research endeavors would, in fact, be exempt.
Good luck with your work.
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“If an outbreak were to happen, it would be close to impossible to contain,” Syrian-American activist Leena Zahia said.
She was speaking about the possibility of a Covid-19 epidemic in the refugee camps, both inside and outside Syria, that cumulatively house millions of people displaced by the civil war, a prospect that gives public health and aid workers nightmares these days. In the camp of Vial, on the Greek island of Chios, for example, more than 6,000 people are now crammed into a space intended for about 1,000.
The paucity of food in the refugee camps has led to an epidemic of malnourishment. There is a lack of basic sanitation, with far too few toilets and bathrooms. And there are next to no state-of-the-art medical supplies and very few doctors. In the camps in and around Syria, for example, Zahia estimates only 1.4 doctors for every 10,000 people.
It will be the most difficult one to control if it spreads among Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh where more than 8,60,000 stateless Rohingya refugees live in the world’s largest and most densely populated refugee camp, Kutupalong. About half of the refugees are children. Can you imagine what can be happened if the Corona outbreak is there?
Available at:
April 7, THE Nation
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Absolutely I agree with you
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I am PhD student. I am studying on Readmission Agreement and its negative effects on refugee rights, especially the principle of non-refoulment. I would like to discuss my topic with another colleague studying same subject area.  
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Following
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Is there any theoretical framework that allows for a comparative view of forced migration with "other types" of migration (e.g. expatriation, etc.)?
I am looking for any work that looks at forced migration within a broader theoretical framework on migration. So far, I have only found suggestions of such a perspective in the works of Richmond (1988; 1993) and Bakewell (2010), but have not been able to find any further opinions on this...
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Dieu Hack-Polay
- This might interest you.
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Hi, this is a question regarding my thesis and to whether I should frame is as a case study or an action research thesis.
In my educational technology thesis (including Human-Computer Interaction as well), I have developed a participatory design process for educational systems in the refugee context based on the literature from (refugee studies, motivation and engagement, design processes, and participatory design approaches and methods).
My design process consists of stages (understanding and relationship building, problem analysis, participatory design, implementation, and evaluation) where each stage has a set of sub-tasks that need to be completed with suggested methods. Then I have implemented the design process in two case studies in two refugee camps in order to evaluate and improve the design process based on the collected data.
I must note that the research methods and the research approach are very participatory at all stages where NGO workers, teachers, parents, and even children participated in the decision making of the designed systems.
My main research questions were regarding what is an effective design process in this context of displacement, what are the design challenges that would be faced and how should they be managed, and finally, how can technology be designed in the future to be most effective in emergency education of refugee children.
My questions is that: should my thesis frame my field work as a case study research, or as action research, since I was introducing an action (the design process implementation) and looking to evaluate, confirm, and improve my literature based design process from real-life data.
Do you have any suggestion to which is the most suitable case study or action research?
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action research and case study are not mutually exclusive, and you could frame it as an action research case study, or more correctly action research comprising 2 case studies (is there some comparative analysis here?). A key feature of action research, in addition to its participative focus, is that it starts with a pre-understanding of the situational (and perhaps theoretical) pre-understanding, and is then enacted in dual/parallel spirals of cycles of Diagnosis, Planning action, taking action, and evaluating or reflecting on action (action you want to implement with the participants first) and the second spiral relates to your research (again, diagnose, plan, act, and review/reflect) (see Coghlan & Brannick,Doing action research in your own organisation). Add an experiential cycle to test what's going on with participants -v- your own assumptions. The case study approach sits well with this, but you still need other methods to draw your research and action together into the story and meaning you convey through your case study. There are a few different approaches to action research and you'll have to find one that suits your own approach if that's what you want to do.
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The number of refugees and displaced people increase day by day. Even some countries open the borders, the humanity could not find a solution to decrease this issue. What should have be done in terms of policy?
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Dear Mehmet, I am not sure about the expectation you may have with your question, because it is too broaden, too generic. But considering you are from Turkey (I suppose that, coorrect me if I am wrong), the country that have more refugees in the world (in absolut terms) I understand that you may be concerned about one important dimension of international refugee policy, which is "burden sharing", provisioned in the Geneva Convention, 1951. One of the responsibilities that each state have, and all states have, is to receive refugees. Beacuse some do not receive and others receive few, the concentration of refugees in some countries produces huge problems not only for those countries but for the refugees themselves. So, I would stress the responsibility of states to receive refugees, by settlement and resettlement.
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By international competencies, I mean those who have lived in more than one country for some period of time (Third-culture kids (TCKs), expats, refugees, immigrants, etc.)
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International competencies is necessary to peacefully and easily live in a foreign land. I have developed some over the years of staying outside my home country.
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Dear researcher,
Recently on January 23, 2020, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Hague ordered Myanmar to take all necessary measures to protect Rohingya Muslims from genocide. Killing has been reported even after that. How do you evaluate this order and the response of the authority of Myanmar to that?
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I believe what happens after the court order needs to be documented, same as other killings, and submit that to the ICJ and follow-up.
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To be a refugee or a migrant is an experience unlike others, it is at once to be a no-place person (1) and at the same time to live everywhere [2]; belonging to many places, if only fleetingly. It is in many senses “a”, if not “the” modern defining experience as people appear, and perhaps also are, ever more mobile. Existentially it is what has been called refugeeness, and in so doing denotes an experience lived in the flesh of the body, in the flesh of language and in the flesh of community (social bonds and interactions).
Social inclusion and wellbeing are a fundamental human right and intimately connected with the right to reside in a country. For refugees and migrants this takes on multiple and new forms as digital experiences increasingly wrap every part of our being. It can refer to maintaining social capital through shared digitally mediated conversations and images with friends and relatives in the homeland. It can also be about producing and accessing digital information and learning resources that can support social inclusion and wellbeing in the new country.
What are your views and how success be measured?
Footnotes
[1] Termed konene in Māori.
[3] Trieb überall zu Hause zu sein (the wish to be everywhere at home). Novalis, cited by Carlyle, T, (2010). Novalis. In, Traill, H. (ed.) The Works of Thomas Carlyle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 1-55.
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In my opinion, refugees and migrants should be evaluated separately. Both have very little in common. For example, an immigrant is an EU citizen who travels to another country with free movement within the EU. This person's ability to meet with friends and family in his / her homeland on social media positively affects his motivation to get used to where he has gone. It is likely that the person who is accustomed to the country he / she is willing to go to for work or education to meet with his / her accustomed environment may shorten the period of acclimatization. It will also increase its efficiency if it is working in a digital environment in the country where it has traveled and is predisposed to it. On the other hand, refugees leave their countries due to necessity due to a big and vital threat. Therefore, their first aim is to move to a safe country. After their passage, they are first taken under protection and all their needs are met by the states. Their purpose, such as finding a job or training, is not a priority. However, in time, these needs will arise if they will remain in the country of asylum. Issues such as education level, social status and economic status of refugees are not priorities. This becomes important if they are permanent. Their meeting with their families and friends in their countries of origin when they come from where they come from can help them to relieve their concerns first. It may have an impact on their acclimation to the country of origin. However, their efficiency depends on their qualification. If they are at a certain level of doing business or education, their social media links and their ability to digitale will work. Their social acceptance is also more difficult than for immigrants. In the countries they go to, they are perceived as the ones who exploit the values ​​of their communities and who should go to their countries as soon as possible. Therefore, it will be easier for migrants to demonstrate their abilities than for refugees. However, in any case, when a new environment is entered, the person's communication with his / her family and friends is a positive development. This will increase social cohesion and productivity.
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Obviously malnutrition is a major issue in the Rohingya refugee camps. What other health concerns are at the top of the list in terms of their threat to the communities?
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Please suggest a good topic in the field of Sociology with specialization with migration and urbanization, refugees as well as related to family.
Thanks
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Health status of migrants.
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I am major in the research on German Refugee.But the way of collecting data about German Refugee.Who could provide me the data.Thanks a lot!
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Ok.Thank you very much.I would go the websites.
Gook luck
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Who are these refugees?
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Hi Natalie, thanks for your question. This study was done over two years, and was based on students who participated in the cross-year mentoring class each year. The class was an open enrollment class, so any student could enroll, however, the attempt was made to encourage first year students to enroll as well as 2 & 3 year students. Of the enrolled students, refugee students were paired with advanced students to do the mentoring together. Refugee students came from many different countries. I hope this answers your questions, best wishes Florence
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I am working at a wildlife refuge in Idaho this summer and this morning I was on an eld survey drive when I came across 10-15 red tail hawks perched right next to each other on multiple posts and shrubs over an open field. I had never seen so many together at one time! Would love to know if anyone has any input. Is this a common thing? I had never hear of this with this species, would love to know the reasons of this behavior. I have my theories but wasn't sure if anyone had an answer.
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I agree with James. Red-tailed Hawks don't gather for social occasions other than to mate. They are highly territorial and will drive conspecifics out of their claimed area. They might tolerate each other given a large enough prey base. I would say that you observed a rare phenomenon. Check rodent numbers, or, if you have time, go out and observe the gathering for a few hours and count the number of predatory attempts. If you do, please let us know what you observe.
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In light of today's arrest in Italy of a German sea captain who had rescued migrant refugees in the Mediterranean does the law of the sea need to be clarified?
The 1979 International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue establishes a legal framework for signatories to co-ordinate rescue efforts. According to the International Maritime Organization, which helped put together the principles behind rescue at sea, its member states also have an obligation "to co-ordinate so that persons rescued at sea are disembarked in a place of safety as soon as possible".
However, there are a number of issues. One problem is over defining distress, according to Yves Pascouau, editor of the European Migration Law website. which offers advice on asylum and immigration law across the EU. "This is a question of interpretation," he says.The vessel was not in obvious mechanical difficulty as it approached Maltese and Italian waters and he adds: "They (Italy and Malta) did not consider the definition of distress had been met."
There are also issues over what constitutes a place of safety, and whether that means disembarking those rescued at sea on land. "There is no obligation on a state responsible for a specific search and rescue area, or responsible for co-ordinating a rescue effort, to receive the survivors on land," says Ainhoa Campas Velasco of the Institute of Maritime Law at University of Southampton. However, she points out that humanitarian considerations are meant to form part of search and rescue operations.
It is also worth remembering that under maritime regulations, states have the authority to allow or refuse permission for vessels to enter their territorial waters.
Do we need greater clarity and agreed legal obligations to save life at sea?
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This is not a legal matter, if so it would be rather harder on the migrants than it already is.
The issue is political and one of the main reasons for the rise of the alt-right all over the developed world. It is rather clear that the 'safe' countries of the world cannot accommodate the populations of all those deemed unsafe for a number of reasons.
The most obvious one is resources but equally problematic is that of culture. It simply is not possible for the rich countries to absorb millions of migrants.
Therefore the onus should be on making the countries they come from safer so people can stay and make their own home countries more prosperous.
China is doing this with the Belt & Road Initiative. Building infrastructure allows poor countries to become self sufficient and better places for their people to live.
This is of course a form of neo-colonialism but if it feeds the people, gives them homes and schools, where their own governments have failed then it is worth it.
Mass immigration is not the answer to the problem it is the cause of more problems. Fascism thrives on scapegoats and migrants make excellent scapegoats.
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Hi, I am a novice research and currently putting together a proposal for research with refugee children at a centre. I do not know the number of children as I am not able to access this data due to their privacy act until my proposal is accepted. I have had some reviewer feedback asking how I determined the sample size and this is based on my guesstimate while doing volunteer work at the centre. My question is regarding some feedback I received about how I will determine power of the sample. How would I go about doing this? Is it possible when I don't actually know the population number?
Many, many thanks in advance.
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Hello, although you do not know the potential sample size, it is always possible to get some idea of minimums, so I suggest that, knowing the analyzes you will perform, and speculating on the expected minimum effect sizes, calculate the sample size to reach X statistical power given x effect size. Then you report that the minimum sample size will correspond to X, which gives a minimum statistical power X given X size of the effect.
I suggest using GPower is very simple, quite complete, versatile and free
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To validate our new Arabic language parenting measure we'd like to correlate it with a brief validated measure of mental health. I can't find anything that fits other than the K10, which we are already using in our study as an outcome measure. The SRQ 20 was validated with students in UAE, but this is quite a different population than Syrian refugees.
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I recommend making the same approach I used, search PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for studies and reviews on the topic, I am sure you will come with several good related papers, as this topic has been for some times with the refugees from Turkey, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Iraqi, Syrian over the last 40-50 years. I think you may find several Europian, Canadian, and Australian studies. Good luck
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Für meinen Master Learning and Innovation (Angewandte Wissenschaft) möchte ich eine Auslandspraxis machen. Ich bin Berufslehrer in Leeuwarden.
Ich möchte wissen wie Zuwanderer aus Eritrea und Syrien – Geringqualifizierten – in gerichtete Kommunikation die Deutsche Kultur lernen. Zeit: ein Paar Tagen bis August 2019.
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Hi Sytie, The Danish Refugee Council does great work with immigrants and refugees. It has a presence in many countries including Germany.
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As a developing country Rohingyas are too much threatened for Bangladesh. they are also threatened for economic development, so Bangladesh Govt. Should take necessary steps for solving the Rohingya refugee crisis as soon as possible.
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tnx, Bangladesh govt.try his best for sending rohinga. I think international society don't want to help Bangladesh govt.
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I'm doing my Master research about the conformation of the refugee team for Rio 2016 throught an analysis of the institutionalism theory. However, it is not clear how was the selection of these athletes and the information that i have founded is very general.
If anyone has information or knows someone who can help me with my research, i will appreciate it.
Thank you,
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Hi Claudia! I know that this negotiation between the UNHCR and the COI took place in Geneva, you could try to access both organizations, through their press departments to find out more details. At that time, the UNHCR Brazil's Office was very active in this event, and I supose they helped to choose some of the athlets. I would suggest that Gabriel Godoy, former official for protection, could help you to access more information.
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I am wondering what would be an acceptable sample size when you are trying to survey a population that is hard to access, especially if you don't have access to data that indicate the size of that population in the first place. Thank you !
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Geraldine - very difficult to state. It depends on certain factors. Do you want to/need to generalise? If that is the case, you need to have an approximate idea of the total population and then you could perform a power calculation to predict the minimum sample size. In absence of that, then the required number is subjective and most likely to be 'as many as you can get'. You might state a subjective minimum i.e. 50 that you feel you could do anything 'meaningful' in terms of interpretation of the collected data.
Whatever the number, be aware that recruiting hard to access populations is usually a long and laborious task - and may have to employ techniques such as snowball sampling.
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This question is in relation to my current project on the application of GIS to vaccine-preventable diseases in refugees. I am attempting to determine what the burden of vaccine-preventable disease is for refugees, but thus far this seems to be an area of literature gap. I have found literature that addresses individual diseases, but I would like more data and again on the overall burden. Thank you everyone, for any and all help.
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Iran is the host of about 2 million Afghan refugees. As much I know, these popukation are vaccinated similar to Iran native residents.However, they may may be dissatisfied with their Immunization program.
In this regard, you could interview with refugees themselves or with health experts
If your country has no refugees, you can come to Iran, I help you.
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I am writing a dissertation to explore motivations of international volunteers giving their time to assist with refugee projects in Greece and Calais. I will be collecting data via survey and/or interviews with volunteers.
I was wondering if anyone is able to suggest any relevant theoretical frameworks that I could apply to/explore for my research.
Many thanks in advance
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The study of volunteerism has generated multiple theoretical and conceptual paradigms yet no integrated theory has emerged. However, the are two major theories of volunteerism. First, the economic-market oriented philanthropy, , which is based on the logic of calculation. It seeks to develop ways to transform the poor into market agents or active participants in the struggle against their misfortune. (See Gainer, B. and Padanyi, P. (2002). Applying the marketing concept to cultural organizations: An empirical study of the relationship between market orientation and performance. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 7 (2), 182–193). Second, the community oriented theory according to which voluntary and charitable foundations, like the family, school, and one’s neighborhood, are reference groups that socialize values and attitudes among their members. It is worthy to note that philanthropic and voluntary activities are diverse and complex phenomena and require an interdisciplinary approach (See Musick, M. A. and Wilson, J. (2008). Volunteers: A social profile. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Bekkers, See also: René. (2012). “Trust and Volunteering: Selection or Causation? Evidence From a 4 Year Panel Study,” Political Behavior, 34 (2): 225-247). It is worthy to note that philanthropic and voluntary activities are diverse and complex phenomena and require an interdisciplinary approach.
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Can people who are travel as a part of culture can be considered an emigrant or refugee? (denotative v. connotative)
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it depends very much on specific contexts that go beyond legal demographic consideration
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Should access to education be a priority in terms of the major forms of support given to refugees in host countries? Can this be done given the fact that many refugees are hosted in developing countries where there are limited resources and capacities?
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Refugees lack fundamental socioeconomic support as well as health support. All refugees comes from diverse backgrounds. So, when we are talking about the refugees, who demand food, safety and healthy life, expect their children to learn. These kids see many traumatic events at their early stage of life. They should not only be educated but should also be mentored. Educators with the general approach such as teachers, counselors, and school staff with the school environment, are hardly applicable to those disturbed children at refugee camps. Thus, these kids must be provided with something more than the traditional teaching which will help creating hopeful environment at these camps. But the permanent problems must have permanent solution.
  • Frequent disruption in their education as they move from place to place: This has a beautiful solution. There should be "School on wheels". This school will be for both old as well as young learners.
  • Limited access to schooling: The necessary teaching methodologies must be introduced to them,
  • Language barriers: This must be solved in the same way as communication gap between the organizations and the refugees have been reduced significantly. The children must be kept at ease, encourage them to speak and participate. This will not only help them learn better but also to come out of the disasters they faced. And it requires more willingness than resources or anything.
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We are planning to conduct a survey about employer attitudes about refugees (Syrians in Hatay, Turkey) and its consequences for labor market integration. We want to find out the factors that makes the employers hire refugees with legal work permissions and register them to social security agency. This will be my masters student's thesis. We have 4 items to measure perceived risk of having unregistered foreign workers, 5 items to measure perceived economic benefit of having registered foreign worker, 3 items for Subjective norm, and 4 items for ethnic stereotyping.
However our DV "intention to register foreign workers" has only one item. Do you think it is OK to use this single item variable in SEM?
Actually I think it would be very interesting to conduct a comparative study, once we complete our study too. So, we are also open for collaboration on this issue.
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Creo que sí, todo instrumento de investigacion puede incluir cuantos items precice para corroborar una hipótesis. Solo debes estar claro como se relacionan la percepción de riesgo de tener trabajadores extranjeros sin registro, los beneficio económico del trabajador extranjero registrado, norma subjetiva y estereotipos étnicos, con esta variable que propones en tu estudio (to register foreign workers...) Te sugiero revisar tus hipótesis....
Conoces a alguien que tenga estudios sobre Representacion social de la criminalidad en barrios marginales....? Sobre estos este tema versa mi actual investigación con el cuestionamiento de ser posible en paises como Cuba.
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more than 60 million people live farm from their homes because persecutions, violence and vulnerability of human righ. What is happening?
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There is no answer to such general question, each event that generates refugees has its own causes and explanations. Maybe a common answer could be that well-being of people is given far less importance than particular interests of powerful and those who want to become powerful. Creed and grievances.
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The theme of my paper has the aim to examine social and cultural adaption on individual refugees in Denmark, while they waiting on family reunification.
I have researched on theories, however I find it difficult to find theories that fits the theme.
Any suggestions on theories?
Thanks in advance.
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You can get some idea from this book.
Communication of Innovations: A Cross-Cultural Approach
  • June 1974
  • Man 9(2)
  • DOI:
  • 10.2307/2800105
  • Everett M. Rogers
  • F. Floyd Shoemaker
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I'm planning to run some laboratory experiments with similarly sized juvenile northern pike (0+). I know cannibalism is a problem. We plan to keep up to 10 individuals in a 15 L tank. Separating individual fish with nets etc. is not an option. Would some kind of physical refuge help to alleviate the problems of cannibalism? Any experiences on this topic are much appreciated.
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Hey Martin. Yes, it is true that providing feed can stimulate hunting behavior, but if all of your individuals are of similar size then this should still be fairly minimal. There may be a few runts in the group, or individuals that don't feed as voraciously, that may be cannibalized but I think you should be okay, overall. But, yes, I would suggest feeding them throughout the one week period of being in the tanks (as long as that doesn't mess with your study design).
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This is my topic question for my bachelor thesis. I have done some research in Norwegian literature and articles, but not so much in foreign literature and research yet. But the question is about what we do in Norwegian kinder-gardens, so i am looking for both what we do in Norway and what they do in other countries when it comes to minorities, to compare.
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This is a great question. Where I come from receiving refugees is not an issue. However, immigration of citizens is. Should kindergarten children be let know about the future potential/danger of having to leave their homeland seeking refuge in a foreign country in a child-friendly manner instead of hearing it from the media? For the time being such an issue is not discussed at this early level in my setting.
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I'm Portuguese and I want to do an academic specialization and research on human rights, specifically in what concerns to migrations and refugees.
Furthermore I would like to develop professional work on this area.
Thank you
João Moucheira
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The first alternative: if the study could be extended to other countries and, consequently, if scholars of those countries could contribute to the project, with their research about their own country
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Hi Alexandra and Itzhak. Does this project also include refugees and asylum seekers?
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Thanks for your response Alexandra. It sounds like a much needed piece of research and I wish you well with it.
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Do any researchers have expertise or experience in the study of motivation for refugees and immigrants in higher educational settings?
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I tried in Venezuela Dear Adriana, since this is the second hyperinflation I experience. The first in Moscow 1992 as a student, and now here in Venezuela as a Professor. But I stopped the surveys. Some people began to threaten, and other Profs. are afraid to help. Best Regards, Pedro L.
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In an effort to distinguish between 'declared intent' of refugees and internally displaced persons to the question whether 'they see themselves returning to the place they left' - to which almost all reply positively - I was wondering whether the existence of (newly created) social capital and connectedness in their place of exile is actually in 'inhibitor' / barrier/ 'reason not' to actual returns.
Does anybody have any thoughts, examples, suggestions?
Kindest
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Further, enablers for repatriation of refugees are several and may include improvement in compelling conditions in the countries of origin. However, the opposite can also be an inhibitor. Hospitality of recipient countries, integration packages and regulations can also play some role. Thus, decision to repatriate may be a complex one.
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Since this (Syrian IDPs) is a relatively new topic, I first want to check how much literature has been published on Syrian IDPs (I am not talking about newspapers or blog type publications here, but more academic resources). 
Thank you for your help 
Maysaa 
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Dear Maysaa,
please take a look at http://wos-education.org/
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Denmark's government has struck a deal to move "unwanted" migrants to a remote uninhabited island once used for contagious animals. As part of a growing anti-immigration agenda, Danish immigration minister Inger Støjberg, of the center-right Venstre party, wrote on Facebook that certain people "are unwanted and they will feel it."
What could be interesting to survey with this topic?
Any suggestions on theories that could be relevant to consider ?
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This research question seems to rely more on legal theory than scientific theory. If you were looking for a solution to the opposition, or a solution to the refugee problem, then a number of social and psychological theories could be included. We could view this issue as a public health problem and use a variety of techniques, including systems thinking. Components would include the refugees, the home countries, the destination countries, those who oppose and support refugees, things like availability of resources to shelter the refugees, etc.
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How do people feel when they are getting an identification bracelet? What are the ethical issues that arise, when arriving to a refugee camp in Europe?
Please give me your opinion over my survey (very short):
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René Lamber This is an interesting set of questions. I see many issues concerning the building of trust and taking seriously the need for individual recognition. I can see advantages on many practical levels, maybe even for the refugees. I hope these questions will be asked to actual refugees. The answers might be a surprise. Parents who are looking for their children would accept. Others would have many good reasons to reject.
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has anybody looked at writers/writing & identity in social media? I'm specifically looking at refugee writers who prefer using social media as their gateway.
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I think Helen Beetham and Jisc have written on digital identity. Also I think Maha Bali has something in this area too.
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Hello eveyrone! I am a master student from Greece looking for any paper that measures parents attitudes of typically developing children towards inclusive education of migrants or refugees students in primary schools. Any help would be really appreciated :) Thank you in advance!
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Thank you very much for your communication and creativity
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I did Rohingya Refugee survay data. its open ended questions so please suggest me.
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Relative deprivation theory
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My field of study is Psycho-analysis and Anthropology and I am carrying a bibliographical search. Suggestions are welcome! Thanks!
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Michael Uebel Thank you very much! Great contribution really!
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I need Arabic version of PANAS and ADES, but I could not find. Could you please help me to find these scales. Thanks in advance.
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How to assess the perception of the local people towards refugees or immigrants?
Please mention any theoretical framework to assess the perception of local people towards immigrants/refugees?
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Thanks a lot.
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Men are glaringly absent from the ranks of those who know their HIV status and then act to get care. Is your project investigating that question among the refugees you are studying? Men 39-50; male youth 15-24?
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Hi Eric, thanks for taking the time to respond. The literature from all over Subsaharan Africa including Uganda tells the same story. Getting out of the clinic seems to be advised....Was hoping to get insight on new ideas. Let me know when you hear of/try new things!
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For an intervention aimed at helping refugee parents lower their stress and strengthen their stress management skills), my colleagues and I need a measure that assesses capacity to effectively manage stress. I haven't had much luck while combing the lit but perhaps I'm missing some good tools. Any recommendations would be greatly appreciated.
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The nation that plays a major role in the past crisis is China, the main ally of the North Koreans, who try to persuade both sides not to raise the tension. China's interest in keeping North Korea away from conflict is for practical rather than ideological reasons - if there is a collapse of the North Korean regime, the eventual unification of Korea would result in a strengthening of North American influence in a region close to its border. Moreover, the outbreak of a conflict would almost certainly provoke a movement of refugees towards the Chinese territory, which the government of Beijing seeks to avoid.
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Dear Professor H.G. Callaway
Thanks for your very clear reply. I for the studies i have been making for some years about China and N. Korea relations (up and down) i can assure that there will never exist a reunification of north and south. However trade and controlled transit between both I believe that can exist in bilateral agreement from NK and SK.
About “"Chinese model" of economic development” i would be glad if you have a look in my article https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325763227_Chine_new_Geopolitics-One_Belt-One_Road

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I would like to conduct research with refugees who speak Arabic.  I have the BSI-18, PTGI, PANAS, RSES, and SWL along with their psychometric properties for Arabic speaking peoples.  If someone has translated-backtranslated and centered the PCL-5 and CES then I can use them; if not, I need to do so.  I cannot find publications.  Are there any conference proceedings or contacts with whom I can talk?  Thank you for your help.
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Reliability and validity of the Arabic PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL‐C) in women survivors of intimate partner violence
Eman Alhalal Marilyn Ford‐Gilboe Carol Wong Fadia AlBuhairan First published: 11 November 2017 https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.21837
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Though the Housing Resettlement implemented after disasters for the refugees and high risk zones residents, the pay back or the return of the investment is not enough to recover the required benefit or, either residents can not re-sell the property to its actual cost.
What would be the reasons for the value degradation of these types of properties?
What would be the appropriate suggestions to design/construct these settlements in a way maximizing its ROI?
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The main objective of residential property is Safety.Once there is any major disaster the property rates drops for years out of fear.Our region, Latur Maharashtra -India had devastating earthquake in 1993 .The impact on real estate was for 10-15 years.out of fear people dont dare to invest in the market,lot of migration happens ,commercial and industrial investment stops.we had drought for last 3 years in our region commercial and industrial investment was reduced which affected real estate price . As the real estate price depends of demand supply of market ,price drops due to reduced demand,,.efforts for increasing consumer confidence are required..we need to educate people for their mistakes of poor construction and show them benefits to disaster resistant construction techaniques,.Arrange seminars,workshops ,demonstrations for retial investors as well as for commercial and industrial investors
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Dear Friends,
For a study, I tried to reach this source. However, I couldn't find it in our databases. If you have, could I request an electronical copy of it? Thank you so much for your attention.
Best regards,
Mehmet
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Dear Mehmet,
my pleasure!
Best,
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In trying to find new empirical context to apply the concept of social inclusion, I’m looking for studies that have adopted social inclusion/exclusion to evaluate refugees and asylum seekers marooned in Indonesia.
Any suggestions in this regard are most appreciated.
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