Science topic

# Rationality - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Rationality, and find Rationality experts.

Publications related to Rationality (10,000)

Sorted by most recent

Dear Colleagues, The mineral resources are rich in deep sea and their rational development and utilization can meet the needs of economic development. The security and strategy of deep-sea mineral resources exploration are important to the successful development of high-quality marine economy. However, Deep-sea science and mineral resources exploit...

In present work, we apply a novel (G′ G)-formalism to construct more general solitary traveling wave solutions of Nonlinear Evolution Equations (NLEEs) such as Vakhnenko equation (VE), Camassa-Holm equation (CH), Symmetric Regularized Longwave Equation (SRWE). Method that we have chosen, is simple, straightforward and, gives the three types of solu...

Current simplified models for predicting liquefaction triggering and manifestation do not account for the mechanisms of lique-faction triggering and surface manifestation in a consistent and sufficient manner. Specifically, an artifact of the way simplified triggering curves have traditionally been developed is that they inherently include some fac...

Zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitors (ZHCs) are attracting more attentions due to their high energy/power densities and safety. Pseudocapacitive materials can provide larger capacitances than carbon materials due to their specific faradaic processes. Metal-organic frameworks with good electronic conductivity and abundant redox functional groups are idea...

This paper regulates a rational approach of robust design in material machining process on basis of the probability method for multi-objective optimization. As an expansion, it takes the arithmetic mean value of the performance index of the alternative and its deviation as
twin independent responses to make contributions of two parts of the partia...

Praesens liber explicat multifacetam naturam technologiae technicae et eius ecosystem tamper-probationis ad actiones reales mundi exercendas, sicut educationem, sanitatem, realem praedium, onerariam, argentariam, negotiationem, catenam administrationem, e-commercium, et oeconomicum decentralitatis suppeditat. Lectores detegent potentialem usum tech...

Stripe rust is a serious wheat disease caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend f. sp. tritici Erikss. High-temperature resistance, which can be induced when the diurnal cycle changes to 15–28 °C or warmer temperatures, has been demonstrated to be non-race specific and durable. The objectives of this study were to evaluate a core collection of 305 Ch...

In this article, we investigate the generalized (2+1)-dimensional shallow water wave equation which enables an unidirectional propagation of shallow-water waves. By noticing that the system is integrable, we could get the diverse forms of the solitary wave solutions by using the rogue wave and semi-inverse variational principle (SIVP) schemes. In p...

This study proposes a high-frequency pneumatic system and demodulation method based on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film-embedded fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor to meet the conflicting requirements of small sizes and wide frequency-response range not achieved by conventional pneumatic probes. The high modulus of elasticity of PDMS films provides the...

Dextranase is an important industrial enzyme for the preparation of isomalto‐oligosaccharides. According to the crystal structures of 20 dextranases of four classes, we summarized the structural characteristics of enzymes and the binding modes of enzymes and ligands in this paper. Based on the characteristics of the products, we analyzed the charac...

We have investigated wave solutions of the Predator–Prey (PP) model with fractional derivative order by novel three modified mathematical methods with the help of the Mathematica platform. The derived solutions are in the form of distinct functions such as trigonometric, hyperbolic, exponential and rational functional. For the physical phenomena of...

Energy storage solutions are strategically important for achieving carbon neutrality and carbon peaking goals. However, high installation costs, demand mismatch, and low equipment utilization have prevented the large-scale commercialization of traditional energy storage. The shared energy storage mode that relies on sharing economy can effectively...

For increasing energy efficiency in the economic and social sectors, a number of important decisions have been made by the Government of Uzbekistan, aiming at adopting energy efficient and energy saving technologies, further development of renewable energy, and rational use of energy resources. The precast concrete industry is one of the largest en...

The article considers the unique Rogun hydroelectric power station (HEPS), which is being built in difficult geological conditions and is burdened by the presence of a soluble rock salt layer at its base. The results of field studies of the hydro – and geochemical regime at the base of the dam are presented. The ranges of changes in the geotemperat...

(R)-4-Propyldihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (R-PDFO) is the key chiral intermediate for the antiepileptic drug Brivaracetam. Lacking a simple and economical method to approaching R-PDFO, the production of R-PDFO also remains environmentally unfriendly. Here, we developed a straightforward bioreduction way from easily synthesized 4-propylfuran-2(5H)-one (PFO...

Previously defined profiles for using a computer algebra system (CAS) describe prototypical uses of such a tool. When students use a dynamic geometry environment (DGE), however, new opportunities arise for transitions within and beyond the DGE. In this article, CAS profiles are used to explore students’ uses of a DGE. Four cases of students, all at...

We obtain relativistically consistent description of anyons, that are relevant in topological quantum computation, via subfactors and establish the modular data and braids. We proceed with the construction of a Hilbert space for space-like particles via Mackey machinery. Using the Hilbert space we build composite particles by permutations to hyperf...

The article recommends automatic control of active ventilation systems in agricultural product storage facilities. The search for rational solutions for ventilation, heating, and automatic control systems (ACS) that improve product storage quality and methods and means of storage is considered.
As a result of the analysis of the requirements for ai...

Concerning roadside traffic detection applications, and to address the millimeter-wave radar’s missing data problem caused by target occlusion or the absence of features in low-speed conditions, this paper proposes a trajectory compensation method regarding car-following behavior. Referring to the installation scheme of the detector, a coordinate t...

All the energetic management and controlling strategies in ambient air conditioning systems (ACS) are aimed to match design load to current needs. This might be achieved by determining a rational value of design thermal load without overestimation that can minimize its deviation from the actual values. The application of variable refrigerant flow (...

Introduction
Industry reports and anecdotal evidence indicate that the death loss rate in cattle feedlots has increased over time. Such increases in death loss rates impact feedlot cost and thus profitability.
Objectives
The primary objective of this study is to examine whether feedlot death loss rates in cattle have changed over time, to analyze...

(1) Rationing of nursing care is withholding, limiting or not fulfilling the necessary nursing activities for patients. It may have a negative effect on patient safety and the quality of care. The aim of the present paper is the assessment of the effect of stress on the rationing of nursing care. (2) The current research has a cross-sectional, obse...

Let $${\mathbb K}$$ K be the Galois field $${\mathbb F}_{q^t}$$ F q t of order $$q^t, q=p^e, p$$ q t , q = p e , p a prime, $$A={{\,\mathrm{{Aut}}\,}}({\mathbb K})$$ A = Aut ( K ) be the automorphism group of $${\mathbb K}$$ K and $$\varvec{\sigma }=(\sigma _0,\ldots , \sigma _{d-1}) \in A^d$$ σ = ( σ 0 , … , σ d - 1 ) ∈ A d , $$d \ge 1$$ d ≥ 1 . I...

I argue that the aesthetic theoretical virtues of beauty, simplicity, and unification, as well as the evidential virtue of explanatory depth, can transform theistic-friendly personal cause (PC) arguments—like the kalām cosmological argument (KCA) and the fine-tuning argument—into stand-alone arguments for monotheism. The aesthetic virtues allow thi...

The Braess Paradox is a routing game with a high Price of Anarchy, where rational agents are expected to converge to a Nash Equilibrium with the worst possible outcome. Using Q-learning, the assumptions of fully-rational agents with perfect-information are relaxed. It is found that ϵ-greedy Q-learning agents lower the Price of Anarchy of the Braess...

Community governance is the “micro-cell” of social governance and the foundation of the governance system. The rational selection logic of community governance policy reflects the value orientation, goal selection, and tool guarantee of governance policy. It is the result of the interaction between government and public values and it reflects the f...

In this paper we consider a family \(\mathcal {F}\) of 2n-dimensional \({\mathbb {F}}_q\)-linear rank metric codes in \({\mathbb {F}}_q^{n\times n}\) arising from polynomials of the form \(x^{q^s}+\delta x^{q^{\frac{n}{2}+s}}\in {\mathbb {F}}_{q^n}[x]\). The family \(\mathcal {F}\) was introduced by Csajbók et al. (JAMA 548:203–220) as a potential...

This study investigates the effect of deposition pressure on the microstructure and tribological properties of CrAgCeN coatings synthesized via unbalanced magnetron sputtering. The CrAgCeN coatings presented a face-centered cubic structure. As the deposition pressure increased, the surface grain topography of the CrAgCeN coatings transformed from a...

In this paper, we present explicit scheme for solving rational coefficient (which depends only on space variable) parabolic equation. The explicit scheme is required some restriction on step size ratio k/h^2, →0 in stability, where k and h are step sizes for space and time respectively. In this paper, we will present the explicit scheme is sable wi...

The current era is the information era; people are running on society 5.0, where machines are integrated with humans for a healthy, comfortable, easy, and long life. In general, information is blood, and MIS is body; blood flows for life which can be compared with the flow of information on the organization as per the requirement for decision-makin...

The purpose of this article is twofold. Firstly, we address and completely solve the following question: Let ( X , L ) be a smooth, hyperelliptic polarized variety and let $$\varphi : X \longrightarrow Y \subset \textbf{P}^N$$ φ : X ⟶ Y ⊂ P N be the morphism induced by | L |; when does $$\varphi $$ φ deform to a birational map? Secondly, we introdu...

"For equal work, women are paid less than men": a very popular commonplace. But what is it really? And what are the variables taken into account in these clever calculations? When you study the data, you realize that men and women tend to have very different backgrounds, both in terms of education and career choices. At the same time, the choices d...

Proper assessment and rational use of available natural resources in the regions is one of the important conditions of the economy. Adequate supply of natural resources leads to the development of production in the regions, a process that primarily serves as a basis for the creation of new jobs, a steady increase in employment. It is known that our...

Over the years, classification techniques have been widely used in various fields of application. Intelligent models are among the most popular classification techniques, successfully applied in different science fields. Despite widespread use, intelligent classification models have a fundamental flaw in learning, neglected in the literature. Indee...

In order to strengthen disaster prevention control under deep resource development and space utilization, it is necessary to construct a damage intrinsic model under complex stress states to predict the mechanical behavior of deep-rock mass under cyclic loading. An indoor uniaxial cyclic loading test on sandstone was carried out in this paper. By a...

In this paper, we regard the smooth quadric threefold Q3 as Lagrangian Grassmannian and search for fixed rational curves of low degree in Q3 with respect to a torus action, which is the maximal subgroup of the special linear group SL(2, C). Most of them are confirmations of very well-known facts. If the degree of a rational curve is 3, it is confir...

Given that the heat treatment states of the base metal have a great influence on the surfacing repair layer, this paper carried out a feasibility study for the remanufacturing of the failed cutter rings of TBM disc cutters with uniform wear (hereinafter referred to as normally-worn ring) using the gas metal arc welding technology (GMAW). Firstly, t...

In this paper, we regard the smooth quadric threefold $Q_{3}$ as Lagrangian Grassmannian and search for fixed rational curves of low degree in $Q_{3}$ with respect to a torus action, which is the maximal subgroup of the special linear group $\text{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$. Most of them are confirmations of very well-known facts. If the degree of a ration...

In recent years, there has been growing interest in exploring argumentation about socio-scientific issues (SSI) in the classroom to improve students’ scientific literacy. Thus, this research aims to investigate how intervention based on argumentation about SSI affects secondary students’ patterns of informal reasoning and reasoning quality. The act...

A growing number of decision theorists have, in recent years, defended the view that rationality is permissive under risk: Different rational agents may be more or less risk‐averse or risk‐inclined. This can result in them making different choices under risk even if they value outcomes in exactly the same way. One pressing question that arises once...

Studying the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of environmental regulations on high-quality regional economic development is of enormous practical value in the context of sustainable economic, social, and environmental development. Only a few studies, however, examined the regional heterogeneity of environmental regulation affecting economic development...

The rational design of low-cost electrode materials with superior redox activity and high electrochemical conductivity has attracted extensive interest for next-generation supercapacitors. In this study, SnO2 quantum dot–decorated BiOI nanoflowers (BIOS) were successfully synthesized for application in high-capacity supercapacitors. Various structu...

The coevolution process enables organizations to adapt to and influence their external environment. Multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in dynamic foreign markets use this capability to achieve operational sustainability. MNCs in China operate in a changing stakeholder environment that features rising consumer activism and local stakeholder...

The model for rational design of carbene metal amide (cMa) complexes with large oscillator strengths while also decreasing the energy of the singlet and triplet splitting (dEST) is presented. A series of binuclear cMa complexes bearing Janus carbenes have been synthesized and studied. The binuclear cMa complexes exhibit short lifetimes (tau = 200-3...

We consider for \(d\ge 1\) the graded commutative \({\mathbb {Q}}\)-algebra \({\mathcal {A}}(d):=H^*({\text {Hilb}}^d({\mathbb {C}}^2);{\mathbb {Q}})\), which is also connected to the study of generalised Hurwitz spaces by work of the first author. These Hurwitz spaces are in turn related to the moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces with boundary. We d...

Why should we be means-end rational? Why care whether someone’s mental states exhibit certain formal patterns, like the ones formalized in causal decision theory? This paper establishes a dominance argument for these constraints in a finite setting. If you violate the norms of causal decision theory, then your desires will be aptness dominated. Tha...

The renovation/modernisation of buildings is one of the most frequently addressed areas in the European Union. It is the basis for the entry into force of Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings. The assessment of renovated buildings has several objectives, character-ised by different assessment indicators. To better assess the...

Facebook -now called Meta acquired WhatsApp because of how closed-circle social media applications can disrupt open-interactive online traffic that readily attracts advertisers. Despite being a niche-styled medium, WhatsApp has retained high usage. The micro social media even has provision for special accounts for self-promotion of businesses. Whil...

This study was conducted at Department of Animal production farm College of Agriculture University of Tikrit from 6/12/2017 until 21/2/2018 (77days) . Sixteen Awassi lambs were used, aged 4-5 months and average weight 23.38±0.14 Kg . Lambs were divided in to four groups (four lambs at each group) according to their weight, treatments distributed ra...

The continuous emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants poses challenges to the effectiveness of neutralizing antibodies. Rational design of antibody cocktails is a realizable approach addressing viral immune evasion. However, evaluating the breadth of antibody cocktails is essential for understanding the d...

Organic photothermal cocrystals, integrating the advantages of intrinsic organic cocrystals and the fascinating photothermal conversion ability, hold attracted considerable interest in both basic science and practical applications, involving photoacoustic imaging, seawater desalination, and photothermal therapy, and so on. However, these organic ph...

In his “Games and the Art of Agency,” C. Thi Nguyen makes an intriguing and very plausible suggestion: games, or at any rate a great many of them, are artworks whose medium is, roughly, how one goes about doing what one does. In assigning an objective, laying down the constraints under which it has to be achieved, and specifying the terrain on whic...

A TU game is totally positive if it is a linear combination of unanimity games with nonnegative coefficients. We show that the core on each cone of convex games that contains the set of totally positive games is characterized by the traditional properties Pareto efficiency, additivity (ADD), individual rationality, and the null-player property toge...

A cross-sectional study assessing physicians’ knowledge of and attitudes towards prescribing
antibiotics was conducted at the Royal Hospital from 15 January to 31 March 2020. Likert scales were
used to evaluate physicians’ awareness and perception of personal performance regarding the care of
patients with infections and rational use of antibiotics...

The 110 mining method is a high-efficiency entry-retaining technology without coal pillars or filling materials. At present, there is no precedent for its application in the Huaneng Group. In order to introduce this technology, it is planned to carry out experimental application research in the Yuwang NO.1 Coal Mine of the Huaneng Diandong mining a...

In this chapter, the way people consider possibilities in decision making are unpacked and explored. It begins by outlining the concept of rational choice – what a decision maker ought to choose. Specifically, it discusses how, for a given decision, a rational choice can (or cannot) be determined. Whether people often make rational choices, and wha...

Introduction/purpose: New robust design by means of probability-based multi-objective optimization takes the arithmetic mean value of the
performance indicator and its deviation as twin independent responses of the performance indicator. The aim of this article is to check the applicability of new robust design in optimizing machining process para...

Inorganic-rich solid-electrolyte interphases (SEIs) on Li metal anodes improve the electrochemical performance of Li metal batteries (LMBs). Therefore, a fundamental understanding of the roles played by essential inorganic compounds in SEIs is critical to realizing and developing high-performance LMBs. Among the prevalent SEI inorganic compounds ob...

The molecular mode of action of biguanides, including the drug metformin, which is widely used in the treatment of diabetes, is incompletely characterized. Here, we define the inhibitory drug-target interaction(s) of a model biguanide with mammalian respiratory complex I by combining cryo-electron microscopy and enzyme kinetics. We interpret these...

The only rational way of educating is to be an example. If one cant help it, a warning example. Albert Einstein. I had the good fortune and privilege of having Michael Fisher as my teacher, supervisor, mentor and friend. During my years as a scientist, teacher and supervisor of about one hundred students and post docs I found myself innumerable tim...

The money supply is endogenous if the monetary policy strategy is the so called Inflation and Interest Rate Targeting, IRT. With that and perfect credibility, the theory of the price level and inflation only needs the Fisher equation, but it interprets causality in a new sense: if the monetary authority raises the policy rate, it will raise the inf...

The transfer of cell type labels from prior annotated (reference) to newly collected data is an important task in single-cell data analysis. As the number of publicly available annotated datasets which can be used as a reference, as well as the number of computational methods for cell type label transfer are constantly growing, rationals to underst...

Solution-processed single-crystal organic semiconductors (OSCs) and amorphous metal oxide semiconductors (MOSs) are promising for high-mobility p- and n-channel thin-film transistors (TFTs), respectively. Organic−inorganic hybrid complementary circuits hence have great potential to satisfy practical requirements. However, some chemical incompatibil...

It is renowned that Hirota–Satsuma–Ito (HSI) equation is widely used to study wave dynamics of shallow water. In this work, two new HSI-like equations are investigated which could be extended to diversify problems in natural phenomena and give admirable contributions by applying the generalized exponential rational function method (GERFM). With the...

The purpose of this study was to develop a Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) based group counselling program for athletes, and then to experimentally test the effects of the program on the competitive anxiety and irrational beliefs of non-western student-athletes. The effects of the REBT based program was examined using a 2 × 2 controlled q...

The article describes the results of experimental studies of solid fuel production from coffee production waste, which by its nature is a mixture of coffee grounds, barley, and chicory. The formation of solid fuel briquetted samples was carried out by pressing under a pressure of 100 kgf/cm 2 for 60 seconds at different temperatures. The higher cal...

Context
Climate change and human activities have significant impacts on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau; the alpine ecosystem in this region has been degraded. A decline in forage yield reduces the livestock carrying capacity, but an unmitigated increase may lead to overfeeding and damage to vegetation. These changes have eventually led to grassland de...

Let $q$ be a prime power and $\mathbb{F}_q$ be the finite field with $q$ elements. In this article we investigate the space of unramified automorphic forms for $\mathrm{PGL}_n$ over the rational function field defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ (i.e.\ for $\mathbb{P}^1$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$). In particular, we prove that the space of unramified cus...

We prove that for any $d\ge5$ there exists an embedding of the Riemann sphere $\mathbb P^1$ in a smooth complex surface, with self-intersection $d$, such that the germ of this embedding cannot be extended to an embedding in an algebraic surface but the field of germs of meromorphic functions along $C$ has transcendence degree $2$ over $\mathbb C$....

The performance of photoelectrochemical (PEC) degradation is mainly influenced by the efficient separation and transfer of photogenerated charge carriers and the excellent light absorption properties of photoelectrodes. Therefore, the Pt/BiVO4/Bi2S3/FeOOH photoelectrode was firstly designed for improving PEC degradation performance by combining the...

The Qianyingzi Coal Mine is located in the west of the Suxian Mining District of the Huaibei Coalfield, eastern China. The study on structural development patterns and genetic mechanisms in this mine lays an important foundation for safe and efficiently underground mining, and is also the key to understanding the regional tectonic evolution. In thi...

Levy (2021) argues that bad beliefs predominately stem from automatic (albeit rational) updating in response to testimonial evidence. To counteract such beliefs, then, we should focus on ridding our epistemic environments of misleading testimony. This paper responds as follows. First, I argue that the suite of automatic processes related to bad bel...

Saline–alkali land is an important land resource with high development potential and an important ecological product with high potential ecosystem service value (ESV). It is of great significance for rational development and protection of saline–alkali land resources to carry out research on the evaluation methods of the ESV of saline–alkali land a...

A fish-inspired underwater vehicle (FIUV) has advantages in many real-world applications. This study presents the design of a FIUV with a wire-driven flexible spine and a servo motor-driven rigid caudal fin to optimize the swimming performance of a FIUV. Kinematics and dynamics are conducted to optimize its swimming performance, and a swimming perf...

Gabor systems are used in fields ranging from audio processing to digital communication. Such a Gabor system (g,Λ) consists of all time-frequency shifts π(λ)g of a window function g∈L2(R) along a lattice Λ⊂R2. We focus on Gabor systems that are also Riesz sequences, meaning that one can stably reconstruct the coefficients c=(cλ)λ∈Λ from the functio...

Several philosophers have recently advanced wager-based arguments for the existence of irreducibly normative truths or against normative nihilism. Here I consider whether these wager-based arguments would cause a normative Pyrrhonian skeptic to lose her skepticism. I conclude they would not do so directly. However, if prompted to consider a differe...

Since China has put forward the Belt and Road Initiative in 2013, research on the BRI-related countries along the Belt and Road has sprung up. With the advent of the era of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, environmental regulation, as one of the important methods to control carbon emissions, is becoming increasingly prominent. Research on the...

The photosynthetic reaction center of the purple nonsulfur bacterium Cereibacter sphaeroides is a useful model for the study of mechanisms of photoinduced electron transfer and a promising component for photo-bio-electrocatalytic systems. The basic research and technological applications of this membrane pigment-protein complex require effective ap...

Presidential travels abroad are a political tool to shaping foreign policy, and have become “an integral part of (sic) modern executive branch,” moreover, for nations which have great economic, cultural, economic, or military might, personally visiting countries is an implication of the expanded influence of such a nation (Ostrander and Rider, 2018...

Large language models have been shown useful in multiple domains including conversational agents, education , and explainable AI. ChatGPT is a large language model developed by OpenAI as a conversational agent. ChatGPT was trained on data generated by humans and by receiving human feedback. This training process results in a bias toward humans' tra...

Contemporary Physics of 21st century that was inherited from 20th century relied significantly on wave theory of light and Quantum Mechanics that had its foundation based on wave particle duality. Second decade of this century witnessed the down fall of wave particle duality and the down fall of wave theory of light. Amid this down-falls evolved a...

Recently, it has become a popular strategy in multi-label image recognition to predict those labels that co-occur in a picture. Previous work has concentrated on capturing label correlation but has neglected to correctly fuse picture features and label embeddings, which has a substantial influence on the model’s convergence efficiency and restricts...

Natural disasters are events whose arrival is not expected, beside causing material losses disasters also cause non-material losses. Natural disasters can cause damge, paychological disorders, and loss of human life. One of the psychologicsl impacts on victims of natural disasters is anxiety. Anxiety is a feeling of someone who feels afraid or lose...