Science topic

Rape - Science topic

Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.
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Publications related to Rape (10,000)
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David Lurie, the protagonist in Disgrace, boldly rejects the cyclical and persistent nature of state intrusion into private lives in post-apartheid South Africa. He presents a defence to counter a university academic committee’s public interrogation into what he perceives ought to be a private matter, a spectacle of his sexual exploitation of Soray...
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Teenage motherhood is a social occurrence that presents itself in every country. This paper explored lived experiences of teenage mothers in the Adaklu District of Ghana. The study was a phenomenological qualitative study. Data for the study were obtained through narratives, and photovoices; using an in-depth interview guide. The thematic data anal...
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Objective After learning of the rape allegation against the Attorney-General, Australians were divided in their support for an inquiry. We hypothesised that motivated reasoning on this issue would be associated with ideological preferences. We therefore examined whether perceptions of arguments about the inquiry could be explained by participants’...
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Background The genus Tetracladium De Wild. (Ascomycota) has been traditionally regarded as a group of Ingoldian fungi or aquatic hyphomycetes—a polyphyletic group of phylogenetically diverse fungi which grow on decaying leaves and plant litter in streams. Recent sequencing evidence has shown that Tetracladium spp. may also exist as root endophytes...
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Remediation of contaminated soil is a long-term challenge faced by human beings. The in-situ remediation was carried out using zero valent iron (Fe⁰) with the rotation pattern of soybean–rape the near a smelter influenced by atmospheric subsidence. The results showed that the total contents of Cd and Zn in rhizosphere soils with Fe⁰ treatment were...
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According to Media Reports, a young girl of 19 years, a resident of District-Hathras in the State of U.P. was subjected to gang rape and in this process not only her bones were broken but her tongue was also mutilated presumably with the intent that she may not disclose the names of the perpetrators of this abominable crime. Another unfortunate asp...
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Rape in simple terminology is an act which is done without a person"s concerned, and is completely against the society. It is a sexual assault which is been conducted by people or with the group of people"s using physical force or manipulation, with or without the person"s consent. "Rape", was a term which was first introduced in India in the "Indi...
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Marriage is a sacred institution between two individuals entered into by following rituals of saptapadi in which certain promises are being made by husband to wife and vice-versa in which assurance is being given by both the parties to the marriage to each other of taking care of one another and to maintain relationship till they live in its tr...
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Our study examined the mutation efficiency of the CRISPR/Cas9 method for tryptophan aminotransferase BnaTAA1 genes involved in the auxin biosynthesis pathway. We made nine CRISPR/Cas9 constructs with various promoters driving the expression of a Cas9 from Staphylococcus aureus (SaCas9) or a plant-codon-optimized Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (pcoCas9...
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Anita Nair as a fiction writer continuously writes about women's issues. Her novels take stand against the secondary position of women in society. She has presented a critique of the position I women holds in Indian family and social milieu. Ladies Coupe is her second novel published in 2001. This text is relevant to understand the discourse of soc...
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When I Hit You or, Portrait of the Writer as a Young W ife, is a semi-autobiographical novel written by Meena kandasamy. This novel discusses the problematic issues of domestic violence, marital rape, pseudo-communist ideals, and women's sexuality. Sexuality, being an integral part of human life is related with the large spectrum of power politics...
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Background/Objective Judicial decisions must rest on formal reasoning. Nevertheless, informal reasoning sources (cognitive and motivational biases) were observed in judicial judgment making. Literature has identified sexual aggression cases as the most favorable for informal reasoning. Thus, a field study was designed with the aim of assessing the...
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BACKGROUND: Sexual violence against women takes many forms, including rape, sexual harassment such as asking for unwanted sex as a joke, kissing, touching sensitive parts such as the breasts, and threats. The studies related to the sexual violence in our study setting are limited and the goal of this study was to find out how common sexual violence...
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Research on victim blame in rape has tended to focus on what characteristics cause more victim blame, and the negative effects of victim blaming for victims. Less research has been conducted on the consequences of victim blame for the individual doing the blaming. The current research tests the hypothesis that women blaming other female victims of...
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A real-time PCR method was recently published with a claim to be specific for the detection and identification of some genome-edited oilseed rape (OSR) lines commercialised in North America. The method was designed to detect a single base mutation in the AHAS1C gene, which confers herbicide tolerance. The authors claim that the method is event-spec...
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The term "abortion" is used as an ambiguoius umbrella term in medicine that makes little to no distinction between miscarriage and induced abortion. Furthermore, "pregnancy" (IUP) is often used as a euphemism for embryo or fetus. Induced abortion is an extremely complicated and variable topic which includes variable circumstances from fertilized eg...
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While there are no official data and published studies on clergy-perpetrated sexual abuse (CPSA) from Ghana, local media reports continue to show worrying trends of the phenomenon. We drew on 73 media reports from January 2000 to March 2019, to describe the offence characteristics and profiles of the perpetrators and survivors of CPSA in Ghana. The...
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Recognising rape and other sexual and gender-based violence as forms of, rather than being peripheral to, international crimes has been instrumental in bringing to the forefront the impacts of, and motivation for, crimes committed against women, in particular in the context of war. However, the prevailing silence about women who commit crimes has s...
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Drought can cause large yield losses of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.), particularly during the flowering stage. Effective methods of crop management are required to improve the resistance to drought. Film antitranspirants (AT), as an effective method of crop management, can reduce water loss by forming a waterproof layer to block stomata mechanicall...
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Purpose This study aims at clarifying the links between sexual violence and disordered eating (DE). Methods In a sample of 12,638 victims of self-reported sexual violence, we analyzed the situation of 546 victims that declared having developed DE. We assessed the characteristics of the assault (age, type of aggression) and the medical consequences...
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Alternative splicing is a general mechanism that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional level, which increases the transcriptomic diversity. Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), one of the main oil crops worldwide, is prone to secondary dormancy. However, how alternative splicing landscape of oilseed rape seed changes in response to sec...
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The trial of Jean-Paul Akayesu is by far the most well known and widely discussed case at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), a distinction that can be attributed to the fact that it was groundbreaking for several reasons. However, with regard to the importance of this trial both as a precedent for subsequent ICTR cases and withi...
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Phthalanilic acid is widely used in wheat and oilseed rape fields in China, but there is no analysis method to detect its residues in wheat and oilseed rape substrates. To accurately evaluate the health and environmental impact of phthalanilic acid residues on wheat gains and rapeseeds, it is urgent to establish a reliable analytical method for its...
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The article is devoted to the presence of Russian troops in November and December 1914 in villages and towns near Cracow. Autumn 1914 is remembered as the month of the biggest success of the Russian army that took place at the eastern front during World War I. One of the purposes of the Russians was to take control of Cracow, which was then a very...
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A major impediment to justice for rape in Bangladesh is the colonial rule of corroboration, which requires judges to verify the truthfulness of a rape complainant's testimony with other evidence. Medical evidence is the most commonly sought mode of corroboration and can be used to contradict the complainant's own testimony. The corresponding rule o...
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En el presente artículo se analizará la película Promising Young Woman (Emerald Fennell, 2020) desde la propuesta de la autora Katherine Angel sobre el consentimiento y el deseo femenino expuesta en su obra El buen sexo mañana. Mujer y deseo en la era del consentimiento (2021), donde dicha autora pone en duda el potencial de la cultura del consenti...
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This study aimed at clarifying species composition and ecological structure of the ground beetles associated with oilseed rape fields during flowering, ripening and post-harvest, as well as pastures adjacent to them. Field work was carried out in 2017. Pitfall traps (5 in each site) were set in 20 sampling sites in the Transylvania region, Cluj Cou...
Presentation
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False allegations and wrongful convictions are evident global challenge for administration of justice. Since ages, injustices to innocent convicts were reported, but could not receive due attention for various reasons. However, advent of DNA Fingerprinting in 1980s reverse the game ball and very first case of DNA helped to establish innocence of Ri...
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Introduction Amid extensive scholarship on sexual and gender diversity in Thailand, research on LGBT + discrimination, exclusion, and policy responses remains limited and fragmented. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize the literature on LGBT + inclusion and human rights in Thailand, with a focus on diverse policy options. Methods Using the...
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This paper was undertaken to establish the interplay between youth unemployment and resultant negative socioeconomic realities in Nigeria as evident in Akwa Ibom State. Nigeria's population and that of Akwa Ibom State is currently (July, 2022) estimated at about 206 and 7 million respectively with a progressive average growth rate of 3.5 percent pe...
Preprint
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A unique case come before honourable Supreme Court of India for adjudication in Extra Ordinary Appellate Jurisdiction against Delhi High Court judgment denied Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) on technical ground and lack of amendment in MTP Rules, 2003. The Division Bench of the Delhi High Court, by an order dated 15 July 2022, issued notice...
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Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding protein (G-protein) consisting of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits is one of the key signal transducers in plants. Recent studies indicated that G-protein has been proposed as an important mediator of nitrogen responses in rice, wheat, and Arabidopsis. However, little is known about these G-proteins in Brassica napu...
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Introduction: Most cases of sexual violence against male children involve anal coitus. This type of violence has been proven in Brazilian courts based on the presence of sperm in the anus. However, other findings can also confirm this. This review aims to describe some forensic aspects of this crime and propose a rational form of evidence collectio...
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The normalization of deviance in the form of prison rape finds common themes in media, rape myths, and common discourse. However, these portrayals fail to include real world policies and the perspectives of incarcerated populations. As such, the normalization of deviance is assessed in the context of the implementation of the Prison Rape Eliminatio...
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This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Sexually Aggressive Behaviors Scale (SABS) in a sample of 1,632 heterosexual Portuguese female college students, aged between 18 and 39 years old (M = 22.40; SD = 4.31). The internal structure of the scale was investigated, along with analyses of the internal consistency, and validity evide...
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Martin Luther King Jr. claimed that “the salvation of the world lies in the hands of the maladjusted”. I elaborate on King’s claim by focusing on the way in which we treat and understand ‘maladjustment’ that is responsive to severe trauma (e.g. PTSD that is a result of military combat or rape). Mental healthcare and our social attitudes about menta...
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Transport framework is paramount for country's progress and development. Transport play a very important role in integrating market and trade. Indian Railways are considered as the most convenient mode of transportation carrying million of passengers daily , followed by the development of metros across the cities for easy and fast travelling , rail...
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The future of a country is dependent on our young children whose care , development and nourishing is very important to develop India into a country of radical thinkers .India is the country which has the highest number of young population , 39% of the population is below the age of 18 years and 73 % of the population live in the rural area , right...
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Even after attaining 73 years of Independent we are still ruling under the colonial period police Act,however with time and advance in technology the type of crime so investigation pattern requires reforms also. Police reform is the need of the hour to overcome challenges of safety and security with better equipped and training facilities, making t...
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Women are an integral part of every society who constitute half of the population across the globe and only 41% of the women are working in the agricultural sector. South Asia practices extreme level of discrimination against women in all sectors and are treated like slaves, however with Industrial revolution and men moving out of their homes in se...
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With change in time and types of criminals and investigation strategy a change in prison reform is also necessary to maintain law and justice in the country. Prison reforms are the need of the hour. First of all, there are around 4 lakh prisoners and we have accommodation facility for only 3 lakh prisoners, we have a poor infrastructure facility wi...
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Everyone has rights , as one is a human being and minority rights are Human rights. India is home to majority of the minority communities some have been part of the refugee movement , some came after the partition of India. Discrimination against minorities is very common and seen in all parts of the country. With the growing population in India ,...
Article
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Transport framework is paramount for country's progress and development. Transport play a very important role in integrating market and trade. Indian Railways are considered as the most convenient mode of transportation carrying million of passengers daily , followed by the development of metros across the cities for easy and fast travelling , rail...
Article
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Herein, the socio-psychological narrative of sexual harassment (SH) is critically evaluated. The notion of systemic SH in university departments of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is contradicted by the overwhelming (>90%) career satisfaction among female STEM academics. The Sexual Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ), central t...
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Today the world need to accept the fact that half of the population consist of women, who play an integral role in the growth of the society, from giving birth to nurturing the child, so women health should be paramount to living. Even in this age of growing economy and technology in India, only 36% of the women have access to a sanitary pad or go...
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Analogous to anthropocentrism, theocentrism, or simply called God-centeredness, is the position that considers everything as revolving around God as its sole proprietor. It exists in many strands but here it is strictly employed in environmental sense. There was a misconceived assumption that theocentric position is nothing but a typical ontologica...
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1 Visoka medicinska i poslovno-tehnološka škola strukovnih studija u Šapcu, Srbija 2 Specijalistička pedijatrijska ordinacija Mirjana Lukić pr, Novi Sad, Srbija 3 Klinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za gastoneterologiju i hepatologiju, Novi Sad, Srbija APSTRAKT UVOD: Urgentna kontracepcija podrazumeva metode kontracepcije koje se koriste radi preven...
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Background: Housemaids often experience different types of sexual violence by different perpetrators. Sexual violence against housemaids remains usually concealed as victims cannot report such offenses. Except for fragmented studies with varying reports, there is no national prevalence studies conducted on sexual violence among housemaids in Ethio...
Chapter
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Transitional Organized Crime (TOC) is a crime that is mostly perpetrated along a country’s border and this act often manifested in Nigeria in the form of trafficking of human for sex and labour exploitation, trafficking of drugs, smuggling of weapons and expire products, oil bunkering and many more. The reduction in TOC has led to the increase in m...
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For years now, the importance of animal cruelty has been gaining recognition in the industrialized cities of the West. Animal cruelty encompasses any act that causes a non-human animal unnecessary pain or suffering, including negligence, abandonment, abuse, torture, bestiality, and even theriocide. This represents a red flag for society as a whole...
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The benefits of animal pollination to crop yield are well known. In contrast, the effects of animal pollination on the spatial or temporal stability (the opposite of variability) of crop yield remain poorly understood. We use meta‐analysis to combine variability information from 215 experimental comparisons between animal‐pollinated and wind‐ or se...
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Single or combined plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) strains were widely applied as microbial agents in cadmium (Cd) phytoextraction since they could promote plant growth and facilitate Cd uptake. However, the distinct functional effects between single and combined inoculants have not yet been elucidated. In this study, a field experiment was...
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Context Recognized as a critical ecosystem service in farmland, pollination is threatened by the decline of pollinators, notably due the homogenization of the landscape and the decline of floral resources. However, there is still a limited understanding of the interplay between landscape features and the pulses of floral resources provided by mass-...
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Every day we hear crime against women and girls , gender discrimination has been prevalent in India since centuries , with modernization , we have seen women stepping out of their homes, entering the employment sector , girls going to school , is that enough ? Women in Indians society needs to be provided with 100% security where they can freely mo...
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There has been a dearth of studies in India regarding rape victims, and there is hardly any study which dealt with the coping styles and QOL of rape victims. Thus, this study is of special significance in advancing our scientific knowledge in the psychological management and rehabilitation of rape victims.
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In a context of rapid global change, understanding how environmental stressors can impact phenotypic variation, and which phenotypic traits are predominantly affected can be particularly relevant. Indeed, potential pheno-typic modifications could affect the functionality of traits from taxa that are in decline but that are keystone species in many...
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Winter rapeseed ( Brassica rapa L .) is an important overwintering oilseed crop that is widely planted in northwest China and suffers chronic low temperatures in winter. So the cold stress becomes one of the major constraints that limit its production. The currently existing genomes limit the understanding of the cold-tolerant genetic basis of rape...
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Background In low-income nations, suicidal conduct increases within the first year following delivery, ranging from 4 to 17.6%, with a three-fold cause of maternal death. Suicidal behavior was also reported to be 14% among postpartum women in Ethiopia. Objective To assess the magnitude and associated factors of suicidal behavior among postpartum m...
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Plant-microbe interactions are critical to ecosystem function and crop production. While significant advances have been made toward understanding the structure of the plant microbiome, learning about its full functional role is still in its infancy.
Conference Paper
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The paper ist about group rape of Indigenous girls and women in South America.
Article
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The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the significance of gender mainstreaming in good governance for the overall growth of the nation, with a particular emphasis on how gender engagement in decision making through consensus building and representation directly leads to women's empowerment. Qualitative study employed descriptive and...
Chapter
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La violencia sexual constituye un grave problema de salud pública, puesto que las víctimas presentan secuelas en su bienestar físico, psicológico y social, a corto y largo plazo. De acuerdo con la literatura, los rape myths (entendidos como creencias y estereotipos sobre las agresiones sexuales que son ampliamente aceptados) son un posible factor d...
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Published: Jog Állam Politika 2022. 2. Különszám pp. 35-44. In the summer and early autumn of 1919, some major towns in the Transdanubian part of Hungary became the scene of events that the people living there would never have imagined even half a year earlier, as the Romanian national army occupied their towns. The Romanian troops invaded the area...
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Over the past seven years, the Capital City of Karnataka, Bangalore, has witnessed a dramatic rise in fear of touch among women (Nair, 2017). Though Bangalore is considered a prudent city for women, women still fear touch in social gatherings, streets, and public conveyance. The city has witnessed molestations, verbal abuse, groping, grabbing, and...
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The tension between Fulani herdsmen and farming communities has been in existence for many years, but has seen a dramatic escalation in recent times to include attacks, armed robbery, rape, kidnappings and killings by the nomads. They brutally kill natives of invaded farming communities including women and children in various states across the coun...
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An integrative review of the literature has been developed to explore barriers and facilitators in screening for gender‐based violence in pregnant women and identify available tools for this screening. Studies were identified via a systematic search on the PubMed, CINAHL Plus, Scopus, LILACS databases and a manual reverse reference search to obtain...
Article
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Psychological abuse can look like many things. It is the tool for abusers and sex offenders to belittle and control their victims. The term “gaslighting” has been used to describe the techniques and process of psychologically controlling and abusing victims. Gaslighting refers to the more serious and extreme form of psychological force/abuse, commo...
Article
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Abstract. Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and turnip rape (B. rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.)) are important agricultural plants widely used for food, fodder and technical purposes and as green manure. Over the past decades, a large num-ber of perspective varieties that are being currently cultivated in every region of Russia have been developed. To in...
Book
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Education is an essential process in human development. It is different from schooling. Schooling is just one of the ways in which education is provided, whereas education deals with the total process of human learning by which knowledge is imparted, faculties are trained and different skills are developed. Education is also defined as the act or p...
Article
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The One Ring Model suggests that when a culture presents both ideas valuing female purity (Purity Culture) and ideas promoting sexual violence against women (Rape Culture), people acquire both sets of ideas and these two idea systems can be cognitively linked. Results from Studies 1 through 4 (a) present correlational evidence of this between-const...
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Recognition of a pathogen avirulence (AVR) effector protein by a cognate plant resistance (R) protein triggers a set of immune responses that render the plant resistant. Pathogens can escape this so-called Effector-Triggered Immunity (ETI) by different mechanisms including the deletion or loss-of-function mutation of the AVR gene, the incorporation...
Preprint
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Recent biodiversity declines require action across sectors such as agriculture. The situation is particularly acute for arthropods, a species-rich taxon providing important ecosystem services. To counteract negative consequences of agricultural intensification, creating a less hostile agricultural “matrix” through growing crop mixtures can reduce h...
Article
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The distribution and population density of red deer (Cervus elaphus) are increasing in several regions of Europe. The deer may cause severe damage in commercial forestry and agriculture. Bark stripping is the main problem in forests, especially on Norway spruce (Picea abies), and is thought to mostly occur during winter when other forage is scarce....
Article
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Sexual offending is a global problem but is particularly prevalent on the African continent and in South Africa. Childhood experiences related to abuse, alcohol use, and criminal activities in the household and community has been associated with an increased risk for violence perpetration in adulthood. Less is known about sexual violence perpetrati...
Article
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One Mr. Zubair posted a selectively edited video on the Internet declaring that it was blasphemous to Prophet Mohammad, resulting in international condemnation of Hindus of the Islamic Republic of India and the government. Massive Islamic out cry for cutting off her head, raping her and her family female members of Nupur Sharma. However, Zubair was...
Article
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Rape victims are frequently blamed for their own victimization, which adds to their psychological distress. However, Chinese scholars have generally not paid attention to the public’s attitudes toward, and attributions for, rape. In this study, we explored the effects of gender, rape myth acceptance, and situational factors (victim-perpetrator rela...
Article
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Background Knowledge concerning exposure to abuse in adulthood and in pregnancy in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is sparse. Objective To determine the occurrence of adult abuse and abuse in relation to pregnancy in women with MS and their risk of revictimization (repeated abuse as adults after childhood abuse). Methods This cross-sectional...
Article
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In India, violence against women, including sexual assault and rape, is a serious issue. Laws relating to Women's protection have been amended by passing of the time. Instances of obtaining consent through fraud has increased through the years, although the crime has been in the society for more than a decade but have only gained voice in the past...