Questions related to Questionnaire
When there are negative and positive items in the questionnaire, I found out the reliability is low. If I deleted the negative items and left only positive items, the reliability is high. How to do the analysis with both positive and negative items in the questionnaire?
I got a question when estimating sample size. After getting the theoretical sample size, it needs to consider the response rate and invalid response rate when collecting data in the study based on an online survey. So, how to determine the invalid response rate before collecting data?
I am making a VR-application for my master thesis where people enter a virtual "rage room". I want to check if enhancing VR with the use of haptic feedback, gloves in this case, helps to reduce stress. I am looking for one or more questionnaires to measure stress before and after the test to evaluate the use of the application. What are the best questionnaires to use? The test subjects will be between 16 and 60 years old.
Looking for questionnaires related to "digitization of companies and public administrations". It would be kind if you have a relevant example to share.
#Digitalization #Questionnaire #Public_Administration #Organizational_Development
I think that studying teachers' behaviours through students' perceptions is not a good way, as there are many biases that could influence it. However, I have not found much literature on the subject. Do you know of any interesting reviews?
how to transform my results in the EuroQOL EQ-5D + EQ VAS to get an overall score that can be presented as “good, moderate, poor“ quality of life?
we will use it pre and post bariatric surgery research and it is not the main topic so we would like a short and easy to use questionnaire that is easy to calculate and easy to present
We, at the Design Innovation Centre of Mondragon University, are working to better understand the interaction between humans and robots through a user-focused questionnaire. Our Human-Robot Experience (HUROX) questionnaire will gauge human perception and acceptance of robots in an industrial setting. Your participation in completing the questionnaire will greatly help us validate our findings.
Please, answer the electronic questionnaire that can be accessed here: https://questionpro.com/t/AWzTgZwkBl
The estimated time to answer all questions is about 40 minutes.
Your cooperation and support in this research effort would be greatly appreciated. We believe that by working together, we can advance our understanding of human-robot interaction and create better, more intuitive technologies for the future. If you're willing, please share this message with your network of contacts to help us reach even more participants.
Thank you for your cooperation!
I am looking for a measurement tool to assess people's reasons/motivations for using cannabis but have not had any luck finding validated or reliable measures... does anyone have suggestions or leads? FYI - I have looked into the Marijuana Motivations Measure and it does not fit my population well (people in opioid use disorder treatment).
I have found the Farsi/Dari version of the HTQ and currently I am using it with my project. I have some inquiries to ask from the person who has translated HTQ to Farsi/Dari.
Your cooperation is appreciated!
I've attached this survey questionnaire that I downloaded from the website of the Ministry of Education of Malta back in 2020. Now they've taken it down and I can't find a single research on the internet using it. Can anyone help me? The title of the survey was Principal leadership. If you know of any survey questionnaires that assess Principal leadership, can you also send a link? That would also be helpful.
I am a 3rd-year student at the University Of Bolton studying psychology, psychotherapy and counselling.
My dissertation concerns psychedelics as a mental health treatment and understanding people's journeys.
I would appreciate if you or anyone you know could help me by participating in my study.
My questionnaire can be found at: https://forms.gle/o8qfeGLCifyj4eq19
I appreciate your help with this!
I am conducting a research for my PhD thesis. I need to do Face validity before finalizing the questionnaire.
I have attached the questionnaire.
I appreciate it if you comment on my questionnaire.
I'm measuring adults' past adolescent drug use and was wondering if there is an already validated scale I could use. I'd like to record drug use of all drug groups (stimulants, hallucinogens, depressants, inhalants, etc.). Thank you in advance.
I know that PSQI is used as a self reporting questionnaire to evaluate and score the sleep quality of a person. I am currently trying to test the effects of different conditions on sleep quality.
My question is: Can I use this questionnaire each day where participants will be filling it after waking up from a specific condition night? Conditions I am testing is separated by nights and will continue for 3 to 4 weeks with random order.
what is the suitable type of analysis for a survey like picture below, where the respondents need to compare around 50 items in two scenarios A and B
The respondents basically choose in which scenarios this item would be more critical
please guide me on what kind of analysis would be suitable for such a survey and kindly provide any references if you can
Many thanks in advance
I have a set of items that would need to be slightly adapted to fit my research.
1) Let's assume I have the following item: "Introduce a new generation of products/services."
Is it possible to change the tense to: "introducED a new generation of products/services"?
2) Let's assume I have the following item: "We introduce a new generation of products/services."
Is it possible to change the personal pronoun from we to I: "I introduce a new generation of products/services."?
Are these two changes possible without any further testing?
I will do research on how nursing students experience the use of a Virtual medicineroom, and i have looked into UTAUT2. I will do a post - test survey using a questionnaire.
The students have not tried VR before, and are in theire second year of education.
I see that there are parts of the UTAUT2 that are not relevant. These are Social influence, facilitating conditions, price value and habit. These would give little meaning to the nursing students that will try the virtual medicineroom for the first time, and i think it would be confusing.
I want to use a validated model/questionnaire like UTAUT2, so i wonder if any of you have any experience in using a adjusted version of the UTAUT2, like i plan to? Is this ok to do?
I want to at least cover percieved usefullness, perceived ease of use, and hedonic factors. I like the TAM - model, but it doesnt have perceived enjoyment, so therefor i think i will use UTAUT2.
If the original scale has one reverse-coded item, and if I want to adopt it in my study, is it possible to un-reverse it and use all the other items in the same order?
I am planning to create a linguistic questionnaire, which I hope to distribute worldwide. Would anyone have any feedback on a free resource to create and distribute this online questionnaire?
One of the requirements is that I need to include different types of questions into this questionnaire.
Your feedback would be greatly appreciated.
I have been looking for good measurement tools to assess people's reasons/motivations for using psychedelics but have not had any luck finding validated or reliable measures... does anyone have suggestions or leads?
I'm looking for a tool Tool for operationalizing variables into indicators into questions to be used in a questionnaire? This tool could be a directory, search engine etc...
Here's the background story
I need a questionnaire for an impact evaluation of a school (the variables include creativity, loyalty, job prospects). The test sample are about 150-300 alumni of the school. The school sample are alumni of other schools .
This is a new task for me so would appreciate some tips/ideas/resources on how to address it. The budget for this task is not high so we're not expecting super accuracy.
In order to create this questionnaire, I can :
1- Find a previous questionnaire for a similar study (impact of a school on values, attitudes, etc.. )
2- Choosing a couple of item questions from a group of questionnaires from already established scales/measures or previous studies (mix and match exercise).
3- Converting each variable into an indicator and each indicator into a question or two, but there has to be a precedent in the literature for this. For example, if I want to operationalize creativity by the strangeness of thoughts I have per day and the question as
: How often do you have strange thoughts per day?, then I need to point to a study that has done the same. (perhaps there's a tool or resources for this)
I appreciate your thoughts.
Are you a Parent in the UK?
Please take part in my survey about how parenting changes across the generations! Should take 10 mins and will help me complete my masters degree.
I only need 18 more respondents for a medium effect size power analysis and would appreciate any help. If you are also completing research, I would be happy to take part if I am eligible. Please email me or comment below.
Self-Efficacy, Learned Helplessness and Parental Psychological Control: A Transgenerational Perspective
I am currently recruiting participants to take part in my thesis project. I am investigating the relationship between self-efficacy, learned helplessness and parental psychological control from a transgenerational perspective.
The study has received ethical approval from Northumbria University (45055).
We are looking for participants who meet the following criteria:
• A resident in the United Kingdom (UK)
• Grew up in a two-parent household
• Currently have school-aged children
• Parent those children with a stable long-term partner who lives in the same household
The study will involve answering a set of demographic questions, questions about the parenting style received from your own parents, the parenting style you use with your own children, and questions measuring your levels of both self-efficacy and learned helplessness.
If you have any further questions regarding the study, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
To find out more information about the study and to take part, please go to: https://nupsych.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_867ksXh3vg8Mnzg
I have turned up a questionnaire prepared in English. I want to convert it into Turkish than practice it. But I cannot be sure whether I should analyze its validity and reliability because it is not a scale. I hope I can have a chance to pick your brains. Thank you in advance.
I have conducted a survey on paper. The questionnaire consists of 82 items divided into 15 subscales. That is, 5-6 items belong to a scale/variable I want to explore. I use a 6 point Likert scale for each of the items. Even though the questionnaire clearly states that the respondents should choose only one response per item, some respondents have chosen two options (e.g. 1 and 2, or 3 and 4). How do I handle this? I would really appreciate suggestions, thanks!
APA says, “validity refers to the degree to which evidence and theory support the interpretation of test scores for proposed uses of tests”. However, questionnaires with independent items (some items about intensity, others about frequency, others nominals), that do not generate a score, also need validation (at least a content validation). So can I ensure that validation is just possible to support the interpterion of test scores?
It is usual to say that causality is time-dependent. However, a reviewer sent this message for a study "The authors state that one limitation is the cross-sectional design, which does not enable establishing a cause-and-effect relationship. However, the paper intends to evaluate causal mechanisms. Please be coherent: if you believe causal effects are not plausible to be evaluated, then the whole conceptualization of your study is unsupported".
May you help me to understand the conception of causality in SEM?
Thank you to everyone who took the time to give an opinion on my PhD research. In this study, your professional advice is much appreciated. There are (5) FIVE parts in this questionnaire that need around 20-30 minutes of your time to complete.
Hello, I have a questionnaire that consists of five sections. The first section (related to drivers' knowledge) has 10 items with no Likert scale and the participants have to choose from either two or three or more specific options. The second section (related to drivers' habits) has 9 items with the first five items having a six-point Likert scale while in the remaining items the respondents have to choose one question from four specific options. The third section (related to drivers' behavioral intentions) has 10 items with each following a six-point Likert scale. The fourth section (related to drivers' psychological conditions) has 9 items with no Likert scale and the participants have to choose from three, or four or more specific options. Finally, the last section consists of questions regarding drivers' profiles (age, gender, education, driving experience, profession, frequency of driving through tunnels, etc.)
Now my question is, what kind of statistical tests or analysis can I perform here to investigate the relationship between the variables in the drivers' profile and other sections/items. For instance, how I can analyze which group of drivers (in terms of age, gender, experience, etc.) are more knowledgable (section 1) or adopt appropriate habits (section 2).
I am also open to all kinds of suggestions and collaborations on this research.
P.S: I am attaching my questionnaire as a file. Hope it will help to understand my question and questionnaire better.
Could you please recommend a valid and reliable questionnaire for middle school learners to know their reading comprehension problems?
My research involves looking at whether an education initiative (workplace training) increase employee knowledge and engagement in corporate sustainability missions.
1) A pre Likert Scale questionnaire (18 questions divided roughly into two sections, knowledge and engagement)
2) An education intervention (training)
3) A post Likert Scale questionnaire (18 questions divided roughly into two sections, knowledge and engagement)
These have already taken place and I have questionnaire responses for 20 participants.
How do I go about interpreting this/ analyzing this? I have read lots of different answers online and can't seem to find a common answer
Any help will be appreciated- Thank you
I have worked on a study where we have observed a mean improvement in the PHQ-9 score of 2.73. I want to compare this to a study that has reported a mean improvement of 4.0 on CES-D. Is such a comparison valid? Are there any well-accepted score conversion matrices between different depression scales?
Do we need to be specific?
Sometime I feel that if we become specific with more details when we ask the questions, we loose some potential researchers from other fields. So the number of answers reduce, then it is difficult to get attention of other researchers. So at the end we do not get many answers.
What is your experience and opinion on this? Please share your thoughts as well.
I read that the VFI is considered to be an outdated and incomplete instrument to measure the motivations in volunteerism studies. However, I read a very recent publication using the same to measure motivations. Does anyone know or has come across any other instrument within the functionalist approach which measures motivations in volunteers? Could anyone suggest an alternative instrument (close-ended) to measure motivations of volunteers? I wanted to use it for my thesis..
I am looking for alternatives to the PSI questionnaire to access parental stress in the parent–child system... anyone with some suggestions?
Can someone please help me regarding the access to CRSI ( Conflict Resolution Style Inventory 1994) since I have to use it in my research and translate it but I am unable to get access to it. Neither do I know if its in the public domain/ free to use since the author Lawrence Kurdek passed away in 2009. I have contacted researchers who have recently used it in the publications but have not received any answer yet.
Thanks and Regards.
I am researching gender bias in sport media have done a survey which involved 8 sets of 4 images of athletes (4 male and 4 female sets), each being followed up with 3 questions. Participants had to select which image they thought best fit the 3 questions. (So i ended up with 8 answers to each of the questions)
I'm struggling with figuring out how to analyse my data? I need to keep my data in terms of 'amount of times this image was chosen', so i need it to be in whole number (image 1,2,3,4) but everything I try gives me the mean answer from 1-4 across ALL the images for the question.
Questions I am trying to answer are:
Was a certain image chosen more often in the female athlete sets than the male athlete sets (and vice versa)?
Did male/female participants differ from eachother in their responses? (was one gender more likely to select one type of image compared to the other gender)
Happy to answer follow up questions. I feel like the answer is simple but I havent done stat analysis in ages and I just cant think of anything.
Dear colleagues, friends.
I know that each of us has a lot of work to do, but at the same time, each of us knows that primary data is very difficult to obtain.
Please fill in the following questionnaires:
Topic: Consumer ethnocentrism
Topic: The role of nutritional values in consumer behaviour
Both questionnaires are part of the practical part of students' diploma theses (I am the supervisor of both theses).
I am grateful to you for each completion.
We also thank you for any comments and for sharing the questionnaires.
I am writing a paper and I just need to look at a copy of the manual to see how to communicate the findings and some of the information that is included in the manual. It will be used strictly for the purposes of this paper and not for clinical use with clients.
I know this doesn't allow for a lot of back and forth commentary if you can help me with this please reach out on here or I can be reached by email email@example.com
Hello SEM experts,
I have a 2nd order reflective construct which have 6 first order factors all having 2 questions each. Can i combine those two questions for each 1st order factor by using item parceling approach for CFA and SEM? Actually i am trying to reduce the number of observed variables because of so many questions in my questionnaire. What are the implications if i do this?
I am using IBM AMOS for CB-SEM.
Which method is more accurate and popular for testing the validity and reliability of my scales?
Is the psychological well-being questionnaire proposed by Ryff an adequate instrument to measure psychological well-being? I have read that some of the subscales have little reliability and do not work very well; however, it is one of the most used instruments and this is an advantage to compare results with other studies. Is there any other questionnaire that you recommend, better than this one?
executive functioning = working memory, attention shifting and inhibition if task.
Please suggest me scale who asses all three of them or even i am ready to go with different scales. kindly mention authors also.
I want to use these tests for my m.phil thesis which is non funded and i am unable to bear expenses of publishers.
I am trying to do the analysis for my qualitative research with an inductive approach using thematic analysis. I used semi-structured questionnaire where I included multiple choice phrase phrases and open-ended questions, I have few elaborations yet not the same theme
Can you please advise? I need to extend the analysis yet I am confused. Thank you
I am doing a research in strategic management. For the methodology, I would like to send a questionnaire to mananers from some companies and ask them to fill it out.
Here is the structure:
1) classification questions;
2) statements that investigate certain areas of their companies. Example: for area A (e.g. oganization) there are 5 questions like the following one: "Your company is very good at ....."
Each respondent has to answer in a scale ranging from 1 to 7 (1= not true at all; 7 = very true) (Not sure whether to call it a "Likert scale").
- Is it okay to use a factor analysis to test the reliability and validity in this case? If yes, any particular one? (confirmatory, explorative)?
- Should be used a small sample for testing?
- What to do if the analysis shows poor construction of the questionnaire?
Doing some research on the internet I found also the so called "McDonald's omega" that can be used instead of the Cronbach's Alpha. Has anyone ever used it?
Thanks for your attention.
P.S. Can anyone suggest me some books/articles about social science research?
I'm looking for a questionnaires to use in a small study to assess Health Seeking Behaviour in a particular community.
Can anyone help?
I collected over 300 participants data (6-point-likert / 19 statements) because of adapt a English language survey to my language. I want to do not only CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analisys) but also do Rasch analysis for validation of adapted scale in R.
- How can I do that with R?
- Only Rasch analysis is enough to confirmation?
- How can I write reporting results?
Hello, I have a questionnaire that consist of four sections with each section focusing on different variables.
First, each section has 9-10 items with each item following a different scale. For instance, the first section has 10 items with no Likert scale and the participants have to choose from either two or three or more specific options. The second section has 9 items with the first five items have six point Likert scale while in the remaining items the respondents have to choose from four specific options. The third section has 10 items with each following six point Likert scale. The fourth section has 9 items with no Likert scale and the participants have to choose from three, or four or more specific options.
Second, in some of the items the respondents were also allowed to select multiple answers for the same item.
Now my question is, how to calculate the "Cronbach's Alpha" for this questionnaire? If we cannot calculate the "Cronbach's Alpha", what are the alternative to find the reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire.
I request you to kindly fill this survey based on your awareness level of social media usages in higher educational institutions of India.
Kindly fill and circulate it among your peer groups, please.
Participation in this study is entirely voluntary. Kindly note that there are no right or wrong answers. The responses will be kept confidential and used for research purposes only. Please provide 5-10 minutes of your valuable time to fill the responses honestly.
I have a question about calculating cohen's kappa for a checklist with multiple items.
In my research I use interviews that are scored on protocol fidelity with a checklist. The interviews are scored by two raters on multiple items, with 3 possible answers (yes, no, or not applicable). I would like to calculate the overall kappa for this checklist. I used the kappaCohen command in R, but then it gives me a kappa for each item. Can I use the average of these values to calculate the overall kappa?
In addition, on the items that are scored totally the same for each participants for each rater, the kappaCohen command returns a NaN. When I calculate an average of the kappa values, can I set the NaN values to 1 (since there is 100 procent overlap)?
Thank you very much in advance for answering my question!
I would like to know which is the best way to analyse test-retest in non-normal data. If ICC is not recommended in those cases, which test should I choose?
I have a questionnaire with questions that measure one variable. The questions have the Likert scale format. I want to check convergent or discriminant validity for the questionnaire. How can I carry out it?
Which biases / measuring errors do I have to address when doing a survey, where the independent & dependent variable is collected via the same questionnaire from one person?
I already addressed common method bias by integrating a marker variable.
In particular any other biases / measuring errors I can address when setting up the questionnaire (like the remedy for common method bias with the marker variable)
Many thanks in advance!!
I am interested in knowing if there is any research work exploring factors that may affect the way in which girls and boys (aged 9-12 yrs.) complete physical activity self-report measures (e.g., questionnaires). Do you know of any studies that indicate that girls record/adjust their subjective physical activity better (compared to device-measured physical activity) than boys?
I'm researching on burnout in counseling psychologists and we're trying to look into which source of social support could be most helpful to buffering the effects of burnout. Would anyone happen to know if there's a scale that measures social support from the organization, social support from supervisors, and social support from colleagues altogether?
Any help would be appreciated.
I am currently designing a questionnaire based on the knowledge of certain nutrient, the choices given to the respondents for answering are true/false/don't know. The reason I put "don't know" is because I am target a general population of the university students.
I have read for several questions from here regarding to the reliability tools, but I am still confusing on choosing the right one because:
1)Kuder-Richardson 20 Test (KR-20): test the intenal consistency between the dichotomous variables
But my answer choices have three, so i am not sure is it still ok to apply with this
2)Cronbach's alpha test: suitable for likert-scale
Apparently my ones are not shown in likert-scale. However, i have read an article which also used "yes" "no" "don't know" for the choices and the author applied with this reliability test (refer to section 2.2.1.)
Thank you very much.
If I have any misconception, please correct me, I am highly appreciate to your guidance!
To make a survey for a particular fact such as the perception of a phenomenon, one often resorts to an interview questionnaire. In the digital age, tools such as Google Forms, Kobo collect and many others have been developed. From a scientific point of view, is it preferable to submit an interview questionnaire through the communication channels (sms, email, social networks ...) or, it is better to submit it in the ground ?
I am a Medical student working on a research concerning mental health on young people. I am looking for a scale with good properties for symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Since the questionnaire includes many other dimension, short version are particularly welcome!
Thanks in advance!
I would like to do a study based on this topic and i can't find any questionnaires. I need help with the questionnaire or any study related to this topic.
I am currently scouring with the web for an inventory which can assess the overall well-being of people/students from ages 14+. The qualities that I am looking for are:
- <30 questions long
- Ages 14+
- High validity and reliability
- Multiple choice, not written
Any help would be greatly appreciated. I am having so much difficulty because I am skeptical of very short questionnaires(e.g. SWLS, BRS, BMSLSS), but I do not know if that is fair.
Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.
We are working with attention check items in several questionnaires to improve the data quality (compare
I hope everyone is safe and healthy.
The purpose of this survey is to study travel behavior during COVID-19. It does not ask for any personal information and will take about 10 - 15 minutes.
Your response will be highly appreciated.
Edit: Thanks everyone for your responses. They survey is now closed.