Science topics: Qatar
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Publications related to Qatar (10,000)
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Article
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Globally, the oil and gas industry produces a large volume of waste in the form of produced water, oil sludge, and flue gases that can pose a negative impact on environment. As such there is a need for the treatment and safe handling of this waste. Although, several techniques have been developed for the treatment of oil and gas industry waste, rec...
Article
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It is crucial to take coordinated action to stop the infectious agents, especially the viruses, from becoming increasingly effective at spreading from person to person and infecting animals. Spontaneous sexual activity between people participating in this event not only increases the risk of common sexually transmitted infections but also increases...
Article
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The study aims to examine the formation of and interrelationship between career importance, decisiveness, and aspirations among students. The data used in the study came from the ‘School experience, educational aspirations and scholastic achievement in Qatar’ survey 2018-2020 (SEEASAP). A sample of 841 students aged 12–14 was used for the analysis....
Article
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‘It is all about the data’. In this context, ‘data’ refers to the massive amounts of information facility managers require for their work, including the frameworks that serve as the basis for successful and productive facility management (FM). The paper discusses building information modeling (BIM) and how this can be applied to facility management...
Article
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This study aimed to determine whether the Hamad Medical Corporation Ambulance Service (HMCAS) personnel fulfil the pre-hospital readiness requirements for hazardous material and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (HazMat-CBRN) incidents. This cross-sectional study performed an online assessment of non-specialist paramedics’ behaviour a...
Article
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Qatar society demonstrates an interesting opportunity to examine the impacts of recent socioeconomic developments on family cohesion and marriage formation. This study describes individual-level factors (e.g., education, occupation) and societal-level factors (e.g., religion, culture, and norms) for marriages’ postponement among Qataris, which adve...
Article
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Background Anxiety among adolescents may lead to disability and has a tremendous impact on one’s quality of life. The alarming COVID-19 pandemic is expected to increase the anxiety level of adolescents especially with enforced governmental management strategies. This study will assess anxiety symptoms among secondary school students during the COVI...
Article
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Background Literatures revealed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) as the most common mechanism of hyponatremia in COVID-19. However, it is important to rule out other etiologies of hyponatremia. Methods This is a case series, retrospective study. Four patients were reviewed from the Mesaieed Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation...
Article
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Background: Research on child maltreatment and protection in the Arab Gulf Cooperation Council countries-Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)-is limited but growing, as is child protection as a sector. Objectives: We aimed to identify themes and gaps in existing research on child maltreatment and protect...
Article
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Objectives We assessed Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of COVID-19 as an indicator to situate the performance of Nigeria relative to other selected countries. We obtained case fatality rates of different countries from data sets available from open-sources. The CFRs were calculated as the rate of deaths compared with total cases. The values were compared...
Article
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The paper analyses the effects of strain variables (school delinquency, public disturbances, crimes, assaults, imprudent behaviour, violence, delinquency and negative emotions) on cyberbullying victimization of high school students in Qatar (N = 1733, 55% males, 45% of females). Findings indicate that a fifth of students reported bullying victimiza...
Article
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The dynamic modulus ( ) of asphalt mixtures is one of the most important inputs in Mechanistic-Empirical (ME) pavement analysis and design. Several models have been developed to predict the dynamic modulus based on mixture volumetrics and material properties. This study aimed to calibrate and validate two commonly used models (i.e., Hirsch model an...
Article
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Barely out of the starting blocks, the Qatar World Cup has already produced a fair share of upsets as well as politically and personally sensitive situations and incidents.
Book
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This open access book provides a topical overview of the key sustainability issues in Qatar, focusing on environmental sustainability from a socio-political perspective. The transition to a sustainable Qatar requires engagement with diverse areas of social-political, human, and environmental development. On the environmental aspects, the contributo...
Conference Paper
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This paper summarizes the changes in the epidemiology of worker injuries in Qatar, from 2008-2016. There were great reductions in the rate of worker injuries from 53.9 worker injuries per 100,000 workers in 2008 to 34.0 in 2016. This is a 37% reduction in rates despite a 78% increase in the national worker population.
Article
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Dear Readers,‎ I am proud to bring to you the latest edition of the FORTNIGHTLY, a review of Middle East business, ‎developments and news, for the period ending 23 November 2022.‎ Some highlights of this issue include the following:‎ ‎1.2.‎ TotalEnergies & ENI Sign Deal With Israel on Gas Field Shared with Lebanon ‎2.6.‎ First Israeli Company J...
Article
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Religiosity is a multidimensional construct known to influence the occurrence of hallucinations. However, it remains unknown how different religiosity types affect clinically relevant phenomenological features of hallucinations. Therefore, we wished to explore associations between intrinsic and extrinsic (non-organizational and organizational) reli...
Article
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Lynch syndrome (LS) is the most common cause of hereditary colorectal cancers (CRC) and is associated with an increased risk for ovarian and endometrial cancers. There is lack of knowledge on the epidemiology of LS in the non-Caucasian populations especially in Qatar. The aim of this retrospective study is to explore the prevalence of LS in a selec...
Article
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This is a book review of the book, Shadow education in the middle east: private supplementary tutoring and its policy implications by by Mark Bray and Anas Hajar. The book is a product of thorough investigation of private tutoring in the Middle East, contextualised in the global picture. Such tutoring is commonly called shadow education on the grou...
Article
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Introduction: Patients with multiple comorbidities who have coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have high morbidity and mortality. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency has been shown to have an enhanced effect on coronavirus in an earlier study. Methods: We conducted this comparative observational study to evaluate the effects of CO...
Article
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has a heterogeneous etiology influencing its progression, treatment, and complications. A data driven cluster analysis in European individuals with T2D previously identified four subtypes: severe insulin deficient (SIDD), severe insulin resistant (SIRD), mild obesity-related (MOD), and mild age-related (MARD) diabetes. Here, t...
Article
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Recent Saudi efforts to appease the Biden administration in the wake of the kingdom’s backing of last month’s OPEC+ oil production cut take on added significance in the wake of this week’s US midterm elections that have strengthened Joe Biden and weakened former President Donald J. Trump.
Article
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This study aims to develop a deeper understanding on talent management strategies to encourage employee engagement in the tourism industry of the Middle East during and after COVID-19 and further to reveal the impacts of employee engagement on customer satisfaction. This study was conducted qualitatively, where open-ended questions were posed to 37...
Article
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This paper analyses the role of global sport within Qatar’s international strategy, most notably through the successful bid to stage the 2022 football World Cup. The article investigates how sport is used as a foreign policy tool to build relations with as many countries and people in the world as possible to gain soft power. I see the hosting of s...
Article
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Background The Arab region comprises 22 countries located in the Middle East and North Africa, sharing cultural and linguistic ties. Arab countries have continued to lag in terms of biomedical research compared to other nations for several past decades. Cancer is a major public health concern, being the second leading cause of death globally. Given...
Article
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This study explores the motives of small Arab donors for the provision of aid. The existing literature of financial assistance separates donors into two main categories, namely large donors, who are geopolitically motivated, and small donors, who allocate aid according to recipients’ needs. Contrary to this practice in the literature, this article...
Article
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Objective Migrants and ethnic minority groups have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19 and have lower levels of vaccine uptake in some contexts. We aimed to determine the extent and nature of social media use in migrant and ethnic minority communities for COVID-19 information, and implications for preventative health measures including vac...
Article
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Understanding teachers’ attitudes and perceptions of STEM teaching is a key pathway to enhance effective STEM teaching. Inarguably, teachers are the cornerstone of educational quality and play a central role in students’ academic performance. Specifically, the pedagogical strategies teachers employ and their effective use in the classroom are stron...
Preprint
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Due to the unfavourable climatic conditions in Qatar during summertime, the FIFA World Cup 2022 will be played during on-going seasons of the major European leagues. This study investigates how national teams' tournaments scheduled at such a time window impact the playing time of released players, using data from the Africa Cups of Nations (AFCON)....
Article
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Work zone areas are commonly known as crash-prone areas. Thus, they usually receive high priority by road operators as drivers and workers have higher chances of being involved in road crashes. The paper aims to investigate driving behavior in work zones using unsupervised machine learning and vehicle kinematic data. A dataset of 67 participants wa...
Article
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Objective: Intensive care nurses have a critical role in fighting COVID-19. They have been on the front lines to provide high-quality and safe patient care in these facilities. However, the covid-19 pandemic has made their work more challenging. As a result, healthcare workers' physical and mental well-being has affected their ability to offer qual...
Article
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Background: Chorioamnionitis (CA) affects up to 3.9% of all deliveries worldwide and is one of the leading causes of early-onset neonatal sepsis. Fever≥38 0 C is an essential criterion for the diagnosis of clinical CA. Obstetricians frequently take the maternal risk factors into consideration, and many mothers are treated as CA even with peak intra...
Article
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The 2022 Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup will take place in Qatar and will be a one-of-a-kind mega-crowd gathering. This is the first time in history that people from all over the world would gather in such a concentrated place. There is a higher chance of spreading zoonotic illnesses from one community to another...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the ways in which the linguistic landscape of a territory might be influenced by socio-political changes and movements to ensure social and cultural sustainability. To this end, this article reports on a study that examined the linguistic landscape of Doha after certain social and political changes since 2017. Further...
Preprint
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Background: SARS-CoV-2 immunity has declined with subsequent waves and accrual of viral mutations. In vitro studies raise concern for immune escape by BA.4/BA.5, and a study in Qatar showed moderate protection, but these findings have yet to be reproduced. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included individuals tested for COVID-19 by PCR duri...
Article
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The Qatar World Cup kicks off a week from now. It is the most controversial World Cup in the history of global soccer body FIFA and has been enveloped in controversy from the moment Qatar won its hosting rights in December 2010. A four-part documentary, FIFA Uncovered, that has just premiered on Netflix, documents much of this and links the Qatar...
Article
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Introduction: Tobacco smokers are at high risk of developing severe COVID-19. Lockdown was a chosen strategy to deal with the spread of infectious diseases; nonetheless, it influenced people's eating and smoking behaviors. The main objective of this study is to determine the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on smoking (waterpipe and cigarette) beha...
Thesis
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The adoption of most Arab countries on oil and crude oil revenues as a key to financing their development programs , thes has made these economies vulnerable to fluctuation in crude oil prices and their impact on macroeconomic performance . Based on the the importance of research through the analysis of the relationship between changes in oil...
Article
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The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) resulted in lockdowns and social distancing measures enforced by governments around the world. This study aimed to identify changes in adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and physical activity (PA) and associations with personality during lockdown. Using a cross-sectional design, a convenient sample of 543 a...
Article
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The motivation of this research is to investigate the important factors that affect Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) economies and increase the investment opportunities to avoid the threats of limited oil resources in the future. This study examines the relationship between tax avoidance, accounting information quality, and other control variables on...
Conference Paper
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Background and Objective: Rodents are essential components of every terrestrial ecosystem. Besides several benefits, they are important sources of zoonoses. To prevent any rodent-related zoonoses epidemic in future, especially during FIFA world cup 2022, a study aimed to assess the risk of rodent-borne zoonotic pathogens at the human-animal-ecosys...
Article
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Introduction Addressing a literature gap on leaner agency in health profession education, this study explores students’ perceptions on which aspects of a problem-based learning (PBL) environment cradle their leaner agency enactment. Methods Thirty-eight students from a newly established undergraduate dental medicine programme in Qatar participated...
Article
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This paper analyses the current state and the dynamic evolution of corporate transparency practices in relation to the 2030 Agenda in the context of stakeholder engagement. Considering six key stakeholder groups and 53 information items related to business actions aligned with the 2030 Agenda, data from 5908 companies worldwide corresponding to the...
Article
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For many years, the concept of sustainability and luxury has been considered a paradox. Despite scholars’ efforts to highlight the compatibility between sustainability and luxury, the limited studies have shown mixed and inconclusive evidence. By adopting the luxury-seeking consumer behavior framework, this study examines the relationship between l...
Article
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One of the prominent types of calendar anomalies includes holiday effects, where stocks show abnormally higher mean returns on the days prior to holidays in comparison to other trading days. The current study investigates the existence of holiday effects in the stock exchanges of the Gulf Cooperation Council, namely, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, S...
Article
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Background Exclusive breastfeeding is an essential need for mothers and newborn babies, but cultural practices and employment demands significantly influence feeding practices. The association between neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission and breastfeeding outcomes are variable. Data for Qatar and Middle East, in particular, are limited. He...
Article
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European countries are required to look for alternative gas suppliers to deliver energy security for Europe. Qatar has been proposed to be an alternative gas supplier; however, there are problems that limit Qatar from exporting more gas to Europe, namely: the limited LNG quantities available for export, the long-term fixed contracting strategy, and...
Article
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TERPIA CATARINA. PARA DESVIAR Y ATRAER LA ATENCION DE ANSIOSOS Y DEPRIMIDOS. Dawlat Qaṭar ‫ر‬ ‫قط‬ ‫دولة‬ (en árabe) Lema: ‫السماء‬ ‫رفع‬ ‫بمن‬ ‫قسما‬ Qasamān biman rafaʿa as-samāʾ (en árabe: "Jurando por el que erigió el cielo") Himno: ‫األميري‬ ‫السالم‬ Salām al-ʾAmīrī en árabe: "Paz al Emir" Capital: DOHA, puerto en el Golfo Pérsico CORDENADAS...
Article
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Qatar has a high obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) burden. This study aimed to (1) determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and T2DM in 13–17-year-old adolescents and (2) evaluate associations with adolescents’ lifestyle and breastfeeding history, parental weight, and familial T2DM history. A cross-sectional study (double-stage cl...
Thesis
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Migration in the Middle East in the hope of better livelihood began since the independence of Bangladesh for unemployed people. The region has become an attractive destination due to the growing demand for unskilled and semi-skilled labourers. However, male workers dominated the sector until 1991, when female migration started for the first time. S...
Preprint
Full-text available
Migration in the Middle East in the hope of better livelihood began since the independence of Bangladesh for unemployed people. The region has become an attractive destination due to the growing demand for unskilled and semi-skilled labourers. However, male workers dominated the sector until 1991, when female migration started for the first time. S...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, characterized with poor water resources and high oil/gas income, rely heavily on seawater desalination and non-renewable groundwater abstraction. The need to shift to demand-side solutions and sustainable supply alternatives has been long advocated; yet this study is the first to “quantify” its impact o...
Article
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Seasonal variability of hydrography along a nearshore-offshore transect in the eastern part of the EEZ of Qatar has been analyzed using in situ measurements carried out during 5 different months. The study reveals distinct features in temperature, salinity, density, dissolved oxygen (DO), and chlorophyll fluorescence. The sea surface temperature (S...
Article
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Introduction The severity of lupus nephritis (LN) varies between different ethnicities. However, there are limited data regarding disease severity for LN in patients from the Arabian Gulf region; moreover, there are no treatment guidelines developed specifically for this population. The objective of this review was to characterise the incidence of...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonal variability of hydrography along a nearshore-offshore transect in the eastern part of the EEZ of Qatar has been analyzed using in situ measurements carried out during 5 different months. The study reveals distinct features in temperature, salinity, density, dissolved oxygen (DO), and chlorophyll fluorescence. The sea surface temperature (S...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we aim to explore the causal relationship among the bank efficiency, competition, and concentration in the banking systems of 15 countries in the MENA region (Jordan, UAE, Bahrain, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Morocco, Turkey, Tunisia, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Lebanon, Egypt, and Mauritania), by modeling econometric panel data over...
Article
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Background The genetic architecture underlying Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) in Middle Eastern Arabs is yet to be fully described, and approaches to assess this from population-wide biobanks are important for public health planning and personalized medicine. Methods We evaluate the pilot phase cohort (n = 6,140 adults) of the Qatar Biobank (Q...
Article
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Background Venous access devices (VADs) play a vital role within the neonatal intensive care unit. However, there are significant risks associated with the use of VADs, with complications such as infection, thrombosis, device occlusion, and infiltration/extravasation frequently contributing to device-related failures and increasing the risk of sign...
Article
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The research examined the influence of the fundamental exchange rate misalignment and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in Asia and Africa’s financial development on CO 2 emissions in Asian countries using panel data from 1970 to 2021. The methodology consists of ARDL bound testing and PMG/ARDL estimators with dynamic OLS estimators. The results rev...
Preprint
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Background: Pregnant women are typically vulnerable to infectious diseases due to exaggerated disease manifestations and detrimental effects on their obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Previous studies have demonstrated that pregnant women with COVID-19 had similar clinical manifestations as nonpregnant women. However, there is not enough knowledge a...
Chapter
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Abdul Hadi Awang merupakan sosok politik yang tidak perlu diperkenalkan lagi di Malaysia. Beliau telah bergiat aktif dalam politik Malaysia sejak akhir tahun 1970-an, dan merupakan tokoh Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS) yang terkenal dalam kalangan pihak kerajaan dan pembangkang kerana kelantangan beliau bersuara bagi mempertahankan pemikiran dan perj...
Article
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Across 2022, international travel began to return to more typical patterns, including spectators at major sporting events. For example, in October 2022, the T20 cricket world cup is being held in Australia, and the football world cup begins in Qatar in the Middle East in November 2022. These events would be attended by several hundred thousand visi...
Article
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Watching cartoons in class can be more than a superficial exercise, argues a history professor in Qatar.
Article
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Background: Improving public health is the main goal of healthcare systems across the world. Healthcare policymakers often use comparisons between different healthcare systems to better position their country and use the outcome to develop novel strategies to improve their own public health. The present study aimed to compare the health status ind...
Article
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Introduction Management of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) requires individualized treatment plans that are tailored to the risk of disease recurrence. Radioactive iodine treatment (RIT) remains a treatment modality that is valuable in certain patients with DTC. The lack of institutional availability and travel bans imposed by the COVID-19 pand...
Article
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The economies of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member countries rely heavily on oil and gas for their total fiscal and export revenues. But, the level of their dependency varies considerably across member countries which pose a structural policy challenges to GCC policy makers. This study examined the effect of oil and natural gas rents on economi...
Article
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Introduction The impact of thyroid autoimmunity in pregnancy on neonatal outcomes remains unclear. Studies to date have revealed a positive correlation between thyroid antibodies and preterm births and miscarriages. However other aspects of neonatal outcomes need further exploration. Advanced maternal age is associated with the escalation of the pr...