Questions related to Public Management
I'm starting a research in public management efficiency tools, softwares, frameworks, mainly in public projects. Experiences in public projects that accelerate the results and optimize to delivery efficacy. Can anyone give me material or tools that help me?
The public administration is the real institution to provide service to the country's population, but planners face difficulty in analyzing the internal and external environment to identify opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses, to build a strategic plan that can meet the needs of the people.
So, how can we analyze the internal and external environment of the public administration institution in the country from your point of view?
The private sector offering services, private goods usually implements this process more economically in terms of costs and expectations of customers compared to the offer of the public sector. In order to increase this efficiency, creation and provision of public goods to consumers is often ordered by the state sector, ie by central state administration institutions and or by local government units and commissioned to be produced for private sector enterprises through organized tenders. These tenders are a kind of competitions, during which the best offers are selected, taking into account the criterion of economic effectiveness of the delivery of certain goods, costs and time of completion and the quality of delivered public goods. The investment programs of public-private partnerships are being developed in the scope of the creation and supply of public goods that require large financial outlays, such as in the situation of construction of large power plants, eg nuclear power plants.
In view of the above, the current question is: How to increase the efficiency of state delivery of public goods?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Regarding the performance of public managers, is the management style that predominates in your institution more compatible "bosses" or "leaders" attitudes?
Comment your perception, please!
Thank you for contributing!
As we know the main problem with innovation is how much an idea can be develop to invention and then to innovation. So many invention cannot develop to innovation is called "death valley" of innovation. In industry, these phenomenon is reduce by using many type of innovation management, like Cooper's Stage-Gate system. But in government/public research agency, research usually done in project link to fiscal year budget, so it will be difficult to turn back or halt the project, and increasing probability of falling into 'death valley' of innovation. Is there any way to reduce this effect?
2019 - ncov probably outbreak and we should seriously face it. Governments all over the world have taken various measures and achieved different results. Maybe some of these measures and public policies will appear in future textbooks for students to analysis, either positive or negative.
From these measures and policies and the results they have brought, we may be able to predict and explore how may this crisis develop and ended, and more importantly, what we can learn from them, for future generations and for ourselves.
Thanks for any leads or ideas,we can discuss from news,public policies,social behavior etc
network has been widely used to achieve some complex programs. however, the dark side of networks has not been fully explored. we can see that network can be a useful tool to control corruption ,while network itself can be a source of corruption. so anyone can recommend me some related works?
In the post-colonial state today we still find universities with predominantly eurocentric teachings and curricula. Various policy ideas,theories of governance and public management has not led to an improvement of public management in Africa. Therefore there was a call 2015 for decolonised education in South Africa! Part of the movement is the importance that our disciplines should also shift to keep up with the transformation agenda.
Therefore in an attempt to increase university capacity through decolonisation programmes and projects... A type of "by Africa for Africa" knowledge production... Are there any ideas that can assist in building capacity..?
Can you provide any cases of failure in post-colonial state because of western emposed governance structure (theory)?
Which African authors/philosophers speak about governance and Public Management in the post-colonial state?
What is the current state of Public Administration, in the African context?
Dear colleagues, do you use some publication manager? I am searching for some offline portable version to manage publication. On the computer I am using Mendeley, which is very good for me. But I will save publication on a flash disk and share with my colleagues. But I need some simple and clear solution for that. Thank you so much
Happiness in tourism, from a generalist perspective, focuses on two large interest groups, tourists - who seek worthwhile experiences and provide the maximum satisfaction - and the community that receives them - which is satisfied when there is a balance between the yearnings of the visitor, entrepreneurs, public managers and theirs. Thus, how to align the strategic needs of the tourist destination with those inherent in sustainable development and without harming local happiness? Anyone have any cases?
In other terms, should public managers have money to spend for services provision and money for internal HR? Should their budget include costs for services and costs for internal HR working on service provision?
An issue focused on the dissemination of municipal public policies and better management of them.
I have gone through some literature that focuses more on privatization failure and failure to privatize but I haven’t found much literature/case studies where privatization process went well (relatively smoothly, without substantive failure and/or reversal) and, privatization goals and objectives are accomplished. I am also curious to know if there are any specific criteria to evaluate privatization success or failure.
As I am working on a research dealing with decision-making styles of public managers, specifically senior-level managers in Ministry of Infrastructure in the Government of Kosovo, I would highly appreciate your support on defining the best and most practical instrument to measure the individual differences of decision-making of these managers.
With highest considerations for your help,
The discusion of structure following strategy or the opposite or both of them reacting to each other is open for years in the field of strategic management (Chandler, Mintzberg, others).
What I wonder is whether the answer (as inconclusive as it is) is the same for public sector or different views / findings are valid for that sub-field of strategic management. Is it asked in that contexts at all?
I did find some publications arguing that implementing strategy of public entity means also adjusting structure if necessary, but that's too little for a conclusive argument.
Already much research is done in regards to what extent Individual Public Service Motivation influences achieving public goals. I'm interested in the reversed question: 'if and how achieving goals (or not) has an effect on the level of Public Service Motivation', especially in regards to participating citizens in local government. So far I was not able to find any related relevant research papers or articles.
I'm now standing on a crossroad leaving the path of theory in Public Management and for the moment look at (sport) motivation Theory in Psychology.
Who can help me with names of articles, authors or research projects related to the question if and how getting results influences motivation in general, and PSM specifically?
I´m researching if and how leadership style (e.g. transactional, transformational, participative ...) and behavior (feedback-seeking, informing, just, ...) influence the outcome or success of a change process in organizations.
I have already found some articles on that but would be happy to read more. Can you recommend an article, book or resource I should look into?
These are some of the ones I have found:
D. M. Herold, D. B. Fedor, S. Caldwell, and Y. Liu, “The effects of transformational and change leadership on employees’ commitment to a change: A multilevel study.,” J. Appl. Psychol., vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 346–357, 2008.
J. Van der Voet, B. S. Kuipers, and S. Groeneveld, “Implementing Change in Public Organizations: The relationship between leadership and affective commitment to change in a public sector context,” Public Manag. Rev., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 842–865, 2016.
B. Michaelis, R. Stegmaier, and K. Sonntag, “Affective Commitment to Change and Innovation Implementation Behavior: The Role of Charismatic Leadership and Employees’ Trust in Top Management,” J. Chang. Manag., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 399–417, 2009.
W. Luo, L. J. Song, D. R. Gebert, K. Zhang, and Y. Feng, “How does leader communication style promote employees’ commitment at times of change?,” J. Organ. Chang. Manag., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 242–262, 2016.
Dear colleagues, in which articles can you see interesting points of view on the processes of integration, cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region for the period 2012-2017? Thank you in advance for your reply.
I am currently working on research related to supply and demand side of corruption
Advancement of Human Rights is one of the key features of Good Governance which e-government seeks to promote. Governments are mandated to keep people informed and also provide quality public services for them which can be made effective and efficient through the deployment of ICT. Therefore, what model best describe the above and suggest literature on the linkage.
Is my research well defined ? and what possible specific research questions should I consider ?
Many countries especially in the developing world are faced with public administration decay manifested in high volumes and widespread corruption. To address these, there have been many laws, regulations and agencies to help fight corruption. There seems to be no significant improvement. What might explain this phenomenon of corruption although there are many institutions or anti-corruption laws? The paper below could be a starter for discussion
The calculus of corruption: a paradox of ‘strong’corruption amidst ‘strong’systems and institutions in developing administrative systems. Journal of Public Affairs.
Hi, everyone! I am working on a research exploring the idea that (Western) development donors are now using some global development agenda as a top-down measure in development toward local implementers (e.g. international organisations, NGOs, CBOs), while many implementers, on the contrary, create locality or 'local realities' back to those donors in their development practice. However, I am aiming to connect this two different worlds between 'the global' and 'the local' and incorporate them into a vernacular version of development agendas. In order to make it clearer, the gender mainstreaming might be a good example (as I talk about it in my research). It is used by donors in top-down characteristics, while local implementers incorporate it in their work and report back in bottom-up characteristics. However, in their reports, I believe, there are both the 'globalised' gender mainstreaming and the 'localised' one intermingled in the 'in-between space' of the global and the local. Those two worlds are no more separated but interconnected by this sense.
However, so far, I could not find much of pieces of literature on 'vernacularization', 'vernacularism' and 'vernacularity', particularly in development studies. Any thoughts? Any recommedations?
Thank you very much!
We are exploring social norm change to identify if there are applicable models for anti-corruption work particularly in fragile contexts. We explain why we think this may have relevance and lay out some specific questions here: http://www.blog.cdacollaborative.org/are-social-norms-an-important-missing-link-in-anti-corruption-programming/?src=RG
We would value any insights or recommendations - thanks Cheyanne
As public agencies mostly want to partner with local people or other community actors for joint projects or collaborative activities, what practical steps conveners or agencies need to win local people trust? what will make them buy into this idea of partnership? I found the article below more useful, any other suggestions?
Rising to the challenge: A framework for optimising value in collaborative natural resource governance. Forest Policy and Economics, 67, 20-29.
Many writers including John Stuart Mill and Adam Smith have noted that most current versions of "democracy" are not fit for purpose. They amount to goverment by "committees of ignoramuses". Smith sought to design an organic sociocybernetic system having multiple feedback loops analagous to that which governs the internal functioning of animals. His "Market" proposal does not and cannot work. But who has been working on the development of an alternative?
Overview of the italian civil service: main organisational characteristics; functions and so on. Very very very brief scheme, no major in depth analyses
The cumulative effect of selfish and unethical men and women [homo economicus or rational actors] in the public sector may gang up in an informal network to reduce the potency of institutions and unethical practices may thrive. The question then is, do countries need just strong institutions?
To deliberate on this discussion, the paper attached could provide some basis or thoughts:
The calculus of corruption: a paradox of ‘strong’corruption amidst ‘strong’systems and institutions in developing administrative systems. Journal of Public Affairs.
To what extent is NPM relevant to developing countries?
NPM has been deemed an effective replacement for traditional public sector administration. Notwithstanding, NPM is not necessarily suitable for all countries of the world. Manifold limitations and drawbacks have been evidenced in developing countries that have applied NPM.
Your opinions, and also any recent research/publications you could suggest on this subject would be greatly appreciated.
I want to create a single composite governance index by using the original World Bank's six World Governance Indicators for each year (1996-2014). By Principal Component Analysis, or another one?
Could someone please provide details of research/publications regarding general recipes and practical directions for successful NPM change initiatives in the public sector?
Some basic models classifie the actors of the city into 3/4 major categories : public, private, civil society, citizens/population...
I would like to have a more precise ranking/classification with more granularity.
I am working within at least two projects based on achiveing the requirements outlined in The Triple Helix concept. According to Stanford University (on their website) The Triple Helix concept relies "on three main ideas:
(1) a more prominent role for the University in innovation, on a par with Industry and Government in the Knowledge Society;
(2) a movement toward collaborative relationships among the three major institutional spheres, in which innovation policy is increasingly an outcome of interaction rather than a prescription from Government;
(3) in addition to fulfilling their traditional functions, each institutional sphere also “takes the role of the other” performing new roles as well as their traditional function. Institutions taking non-traditional roles are viewed as a major potential source of innovation in innovation."
– https://hstar.stanford.edu/3helix_concept (accessed 13 april 2016)
This last idea, taking the role of the other, sounds very interesting and reflects much of my own situation. I am rather recently employed within industry having previously been active as a Ph.D student and research engineer in academia.
What is your experience of working with this concept and any recomendations you may have which is particularly related to studies of Information and Communications technology (ICT)?
What are the effective ways to stimulate public citizens to engage in the e-government services value creation?
Hello, I'm from Brazil.
In case, NPM emerged in UK at 1970/1980's, and in Brazil 15/20 years later. Brazil is an young democracy (until 1988 it's government were in military hands). In the last 25 years, we - still - think about, discuss and study how NPM can work better in Brazil, but in my opinion we should think in long-term and beyond, because there are so many different problems than other structured, rich and developed countries. Our problems are based on conflict policies, corruption, social disfunctions and an inneficient public management.
Now, we're living a moment of political, economical and social disaster: the last 12 years, one party subverted the government, constructed a plan of power, using the public machine based on the principles of New Public Management, and using them for its benefit, at first. I'm researching about and looking for new perspectives of public management in face of this instability, considering our past, our extension, our sistem of government and our policy (disassociated of political parties) focusing on people's interests. Do you have any considerations or can you suggest philosophers, researchers, professors, etc?
I'm studying now Public Value, specially Barry Bozeman and Mark Harrison Moore
Can anyone provide some information about the criticism and the new development especially in the case of the Pacific Islanders.
There are too many studies about how to improve the public space, but what happens when there are too many governmental actors working without coordination, plans or goals? Thanks for your help!
I am currently studying population control system in India. I am not able to find past campaigns conducted by government or non governmental organization on awareness or implementation of policies.
There has been an increase in the adoption and implementation of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) on the African continent. However,Ii am yet to know any country with a satisfactory CDF monitoring system and has yielded desired results. Leaders seems to be abusing it and it may actually work against the stable democracies that have emerged over the years. Any thoughts anyone?
It was time when traditional veberian hierarchical public administration model easily coincided with modern cultural context. Things began to change after postmodernism era appeared on the stage together with New Public Management implementation and New Governance attempts. What is your explanation in short about the role of cultural context for change of public administration models?
What are the focus areas and measurements should be in place when evaluating the roles of an Accounting Officer and Operational Level Responsibility Managers in both public and private sector?
Do You agree with Ch. Hood's division of the values nature in public administration as hierarchical, egalitarian, fatalistic and individualistic?
I Operate on Gender Responsive Budgeting: GRB in Thailand. I found that the key issue of dealing with the GRB in Thailand is the lack of evidence or technical documentation or research papers supporting the outcome of GRB that could reduce the disparity and inequality in society, including Best Practices. Such experience-based information would enable the mandate that plays a major role in determining the form and method of budgeting of the country to become aware of GRB’s significant benefits, and would possibly agree to modify the format of the public sectors’ budgeting across the country as GRB. Although I examined so many research documents from multiple databases, unfortunately, found no such information. So Please recommend the articles, books, research or academic documents that can confirm or indicate that Gender Responsive Budgeting could reduce the disparity and inequality in society.
As part of a Carnegie funded project, we are mapping current approaches to impeding corruption. Based out of the Institute for Human Security at the Fletcher School, the work looks across sectors and even includes projects where anti-corruption may not be the primary emphasis. All references to projects or ideas of where we can find actually projects are most appreciated. Thanks!
I'm wondering which perspective it is better to apply in my PhD thesis.
How could you explain the difference and similarity between "reforms" process and "modernization" process in public administration?
There is a big contradiction between conditions for creativity and spontaneous activity and regulations, bureaucratisation and quantitative indicators at the same time. How can we solve this unpleasant situation in order not to kill new creative initiatives?
I am facing a challenge on how to go about on the above research question. I am struggling to narrow down the study and also to identify such kind of partnerships around Johannesburg to pay attention on.
There seems to be many appoaches to local governance by the network of elected bodies, civil society, professionals. By which approaches should I try to incorporate the providers of the local public goods (public transport, communal services) so they can collaborate for that public value?
Contracting out and privatization of social services is in advertising for more effective social administration in the world. However the threat in the underdeveloped world for clients not to have money to pay for privatized social services is very likely. In any case, if social services organization and delivery is left for the state or municipal authorities without privatization, the payments will be less or there will be no payments of clients at all. The national and municipal budgets will feel tensions, but the poor people themselves will be more happy having provided social services. Here I do not consider such situations when public money is devoted to a private organization or NGO to deliver services. The latter situation is also an alternative.
I am often being told that SNA cannot be used for policy evaluation, however I am not so convinced about this. I wonder how this unique set of relational measures can help monitoring policies.
I am looking for secondary data from a survey for decision-making - managers in the public sector (federal). Using decision-making as a theory.
I am currently seeking to develop common criteria to evaluate the success of different policy initiatives to tackle the informal economy. To do this, one needs to develop a common measuring rod (e.g., the cost per job moved from the informal economy into the formal economy; the tax revenue-to-cost ratio). The first thing that struck me is whether it is valid to use such criteria to evaluate a policy when it was not perhaps its original objective. The second thing is to select common criteria that can be used. What common measure/s would you use? And does anybody know any literature that discusses the issues involved in developing common measures to compare different policy initiatives?
I am currently struggling to develop a methodology to evaluate the feasibility of transferring policies from one nation to another where they may be suitable. In my case, these are policy measures to tackle the informal economy. Does anybody know any literature which discusses the factors that need to be taken into account when evaluating the feasibility of transferring a policy from one nation to another?
New Public Management with its private sector methods in many fields has exhausted its potential and is more often criticized at present. New Governance with its openness, transparency, social responsibility and social justice is appearing on the stage at least theoretically. Do you consider New Governance ideas with its sociality as supplementary, or the opposite to New Public Management with its individualism?
I need to focus on clearly defined and measurable dimensions of citizen expectations on public services, in order to develop a questionnaire or an interview scheme
That is what a government can do, so that in the public sphere are discussed in more serious social problems?
Often, in many countries, issues are treated very superficially in the media by people who have not the vaguest idea about it.
All ideas are welcome to try to build a methodology of discussion for the media and it has some social meaning.