Science topic

Public Management - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Public Management, and find Public Management experts.
Questions related to Public Management
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
2 answers
I'm starting a research in public management efficiency tools, softwares, frameworks, mainly in public projects. Experiences in public projects that accelerate the results and optimize to delivery efficacy. Can anyone give me material or tools that help me?
Relevant answer
Answer
Tools, methods, and approaches to raise efficiency and effectiveness in projects include action plans, cost-benefit analysis, critical path analysis, force field analysis, goal setting, line graphs, logic models, problem management/solving, process analysis and redesign, solution effect analysis, theory of change, etc. Not all tools, methods, and approaches have unique applications: stakeholder analysis, for instance, is used to find out what it really going on but might also set the stage for project formulation and subsequent implementation. This query would facilitate responses if it defined the areas of development in project management (e.g., creativity, people involvement, teamwork, etc.) that particular techniques are meant to refer to.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
19 answers
The public administration is the real institution to provide service to the country's population, but planners face difficulty in analyzing the internal and external environment to identify opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses, to build a strategic plan that can meet the needs of the people.
So, how can we analyze the internal and external environment of the public administration institution in the country from your point of view?
Relevant answer
Answer
make with SWOT analysis.
SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, and so a SWOT analysis is a technique for assessing these four aspects of your business.
SWOT Analysis is a tool that can help you to analyze what your company does best right now, and to devise a successful strategy for the future. SWOT can also uncover areas of the business that are holding you back, or that your competitors could exploit if you don't protect yourself.
A SWOT analysis examines both internal and external factors – that is, what's going on inside and outside your organization. So some of these factors will be within your control and some will not. In either case, the wisest action you can take in response will become clearer once you've discovered, recorded and analyzed as many factors as you can.
SWOT seems simple, but, if used carefully and collaboratively, it can be very revealing. For example, you may be well aware of some of your organization's strengths, but until you record them alongside weaknesses and threats you might not realize how unreliable those strengths actually are. Equally, you likely have reasonable concerns about some of your business weaknesses but, by going through the analysis systematically, you could find an opportunity, previously overlooked, that could more than compensate.
In this article, video and infographic, we explore how to carry out a SWOT analysis, and how to put your findings into action. We also include a worked example and a template to help you get started on a SWOT analysis in your own workplace.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
11 answers
Please can you recommend a journal in public management to publish an article, I appreciate your information. Thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
Public Administration Review or Public Management Review are top journals, among many others.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
18 answers
The private sector offering services, private goods usually implements this process more economically in terms of costs and expectations of customers compared to the offer of the public sector. In order to increase this efficiency, creation and provision of public goods to consumers is often ordered by the state sector, ie by central state administration institutions and or by local government units and commissioned to be produced for private sector enterprises through organized tenders. These tenders are a kind of competitions, during which the best offers are selected, taking into account the criterion of economic effectiveness of the delivery of certain goods, costs and time of completion and the quality of delivered public goods. The investment programs of public-private partnerships are being developed in the scope of the creation and supply of public goods that require large financial outlays, such as in the situation of construction of large power plants, eg nuclear power plants.
In view of the above, the current question is: How to increase the efficiency of state delivery of public goods?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Vladimir Fagundes,
Thank you for answering the question:
How to increase the efficiency of state delivery of public goods?
You indicated the key factors of improving institutional solutions for creating and offering public goods to citizens and the important factors of developing cooperation between institutions of the public and private sector.
Thank you, Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
Dear reseachers,
Regarding the performance of public managers, is the management style that predominates in your institution more compatible "bosses" or "leaders" attitudes?
Comment your perception, please!
Thank you for contributing!
Relevant answer
Answer
Leadership is the key to the success of any work of the project or even life
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
8 answers
As we know the main problem with innovation is how much an idea can be develop to invention and then to innovation. So many invention cannot develop to innovation is called "death valley" of innovation. In industry, these phenomenon is reduce by using many type of innovation management, like Cooper's Stage-Gate system. But in government/public research agency, research usually done in project link to fiscal year budget, so it will be difficult to turn back or halt the project, and increasing probability of falling into 'death valley' of innovation. Is there any way to reduce this effect?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Sigit Setiawan I have a review paper on the subject. It might be interesting to you
Regards
Mohamed
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
16 answers
2019 - ncov probably outbreak and we should seriously face it. Governments all over the world have taken various measures and achieved different results. Maybe some of these measures and public policies will appear in future textbooks for students to analysis, either positive or negative.
From these measures and policies and the results they have brought, we may be able to predict and explore how may this crisis develop and ended, and more importantly, what we can learn from them, for future generations and for ourselves.
Thanks for any leads or ideas,we can discuss from news,public policies,social behavior etc
Relevant answer
Answer
Italy entered in phase 2 after a strong lockdown from the 15th of March to the 4th of May. One of the most significant output is the high level teleworking spread and success. This will likely remain as a successful effect and learning for future policies
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
7 answers
network has been widely used to achieve some complex programs. however, the dark side of networks has not been fully explored. we can see  that network can be a useful tool to control corruption ,while network itself can be a source of corruption. so anyone can recommend me some related works?
Relevant answer
Answer
Here is an emprical test of the substitution effect of bribery and corruption in Bulgaira.
he findings suggest that bribery is used primarily when companies are engaged in hidden economic activities and circumvention of the law, while networks turn out to be the only significant variable when firms attempt to influence new legislation or acquire public procurement contracts.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
In the post-colonial state today we still find universities with predominantly eurocentric teachings and curricula. Various policy ideas,theories of governance and public management has not led to an improvement of public management in Africa. Therefore there was a call 2015 for decolonised education in South Africa! Part of the movement is the importance that our disciplines should also shift to keep up with the transformation agenda.
Therefore in an attempt to increase university capacity through decolonisation programmes and projects... A type of "by Africa for Africa" knowledge production... Are there any ideas that can assist in building capacity..?
Can you provide any cases of failure in post-colonial state because of western emposed governance structure (theory)?
Which African authors/philosophers speak about governance and Public Management in the post-colonial state?
What is the current state of Public Administration, in the African context?
Thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
I have purged myself of issues relating to decolonisation bcos perspective seems to differ from one another on the philosophy of decolonialisation. Firdt, to decolonise is to go back before colonialism.
In Public Administration the first question would be;
Where there existing administrative process on the african continent?
What was the extent of good and open governance in precolonial africa?
Why was the adminitrative processes and procedure replaced by eurocentric perspective?
These are the first set of questions that will lead into meanigful engagement on decolonialisation in the discipline.
However, i have noted before (2016) that the decolonialisation of public administration was impossible. Because there are too fee innovative scholars in the discipline on the continent. Thereby, shortchanging the continet and widening the knowledge gap.
I am MEX
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
3 answers
Dear colleagues, do you use some publication manager? I am searching for some offline portable version to manage publication. On the computer I am using Mendeley, which is very good for me. But I will save publication on a flash disk and share with my colleagues. But I need some simple and clear solution for that. Thank you so much
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Michal,
I've recently written a step-by-step manual on how to setup Zotero so that you cave unlimited synced storage for free.
Enjoy .)
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
1 answer
Issues that Pacific Island countries face in Public management
Relevant answer
Answer
A big management issue is that the Public Service plays an important role in many Pacific Island countries, but it consumes much of governments' resources. Weak economies, often build on weak resource basis (with the exception of most of the Melanesian countries) have impacts also on public management.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
12 answers
Happiness in tourism, from a generalist perspective, focuses on two large interest groups, tourists - who seek worthwhile experiences and provide the maximum satisfaction - and the community that receives them - which is satisfied when there is a balance between the yearnings of the visitor, entrepreneurs, public managers and theirs. Thus, how to align the strategic needs of the tourist destination with those inherent in sustainable development and without harming local happiness? Anyone have any cases?
Relevant answer
Answer
A most interesting question! I wonder if breaking it down could be of help. If I understand you correctly, the thrust of the question is about relations between the 'happiness' of groups. Setting aside the tricky matter of what 'happiness' is, we are left with the idea that the happiness of one 'group' - tourists - may impact the happiness of another group - 'locals'. We could, perhaps, think of this as 'locals' and 'non-locals' . Here, the issue of locality, suggests the prime dimension of difference is connection to (and use of) place - it is about the happiness derived from use of (consumption of) places by those with different kinds of connection to place. Presumably the connection is time - each group being more or less temporary consumers of place. From the perspective of locals, the question is how temporary consumers of place affect them - while from the perspective of non-locals the question is how less temporary consumers of place affect them. Negative effects detract from the experience of either - producing varying results in terms of 'happiness' (however conceived). Depending on how happiness is conceived, you might divide the groups further into different kinds of local and non-local groups (for instance, business tourists versus other kinds of tourists and different kinds of locals - business operators, residents and so on). Happiness effects of place consumption by other groups might then vary for each subgroup.
For instance, happiness for tourists is often measured by 'satisfaction' (various pre- and post- measures being used - see for example work by Metin Kozak), though lately things have shifted to the idea of 'visitor experience'. More generally, happiness int he workplace is often measured by various measures of 'wellbeing', and there are plenty of workplace studies that operationalize this construct in the context of various settings of employment. Life quality and quality of life are also used as indicators of well being in place or occupational contexts. One way would be to take some of these measures and apply them. Another way could be to develop the construct. For instance, I wonder if it could be interesting to see if you could develop a new construct of 'happiness' in the context of tourism place - to investigate what the construct of 'happiness' means in this context and point towards an operable construct that might cuts across different types of place consumers.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
1 answer
In other terms, should public managers have money to spend for services provision and money for internal HR? Should their budget include costs for services and costs for internal HR working on service provision?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
9 answers
An issue focused on the dissemination of municipal public policies and better management of them.
Relevant answer
Answer
The best approach for Public policy making and dissemination is dependent on the nature and situation of the country. In underdeveloped countries, Public policy making and dissemination should follow what I termed VERTIPROCATIONAL APPROACH which is a vertical reciprocal approach both in the making and in the dissemination to ensure active involvement of both the public policy makers, the government and the citizens. This is more of an improved development-participatory management approach. The reason for this approach is that, if it flows top-down, then public policy becomes an imposition and if it flows bottom-up; then there would be tendencies of non-implementation of public policies because the requirements of the people might be beyond government fiscal capability. However, this approach will aid in both policy making, policy supervision and policy evaluation as each party is fully integrated in on equal basis in the policy processes
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
17 answers
I have gone through some literature that focuses more on privatization failure and failure to privatize but I haven’t found much literature/case studies where privatization process went well (relatively smoothly, without substantive failure and/or reversal) and, privatization goals and objectives are accomplished. I am also curious to know if there are any specific criteria to evaluate privatization success or failure.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Fred
If you need more references please le me know. i could also try and retrieve my Leeds University lecture PPTs which I used for teaching a Leeds
Best wishes
Colin Barnes
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
27 answers
Questionnaires on perceptions about mental illnesses anyone?
Any suggestions?
Relevant answer
Here is a research proposal that includes a questionnair on mental health:
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
As I am working on a research dealing with decision-making styles of public managers, specifically senior-level managers in Ministry of Infrastructure in the Government of Kosovo, I would highly appreciate your support on defining the best and most practical instrument to measure the individual differences of decision-making of these managers.
With highest considerations for your help,
Besnik
Relevant answer
Answer
Much depends on the nature of the decision, in light of which actors can engage in different types of thinking. "Everyday" decision-making requires little competence and can be accomplished in "default" mode: in such cases, people have a strong tendency to stick with the tried and tested (or trusted). More complex decision-making—to be defined, of course, but recognizing that everything is relative—may call for more analysis and deliberation and even a good deal of mental effort; supposing there is an optimal strategy, which is not necessarily the case, this is where bounded rationality, cognitive bias, personality, and free will come in (and tools for debiasing are relevant). Most importantly, the process of decision-making is impacted by the number of people associated with it; these days, complex decision-making tasks demands teamwork (and can fall prey to the vagaries of that). Not to forget, since this query relates to the public sector, hierarchy does weigh in and not every decision maker is equal. may be of interest.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
5 answers
The discusion of structure following strategy or the opposite or both of them reacting to each other is open for years in the field of strategic management (Chandler, Mintzberg, others).
What I wonder is whether the answer (as inconclusive as it is) is the same for public sector or different views / findings are valid for that sub-field of strategic management. Is it asked in that contexts at all?
I did find some publications arguing that implementing strategy of public entity means also adjusting structure if necessary, but that's too little for a conclusive argument.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Tomazs,
In my context, making a generalization seems difficult. Every alternative in the literature (e.g. strategy follows sturucture; structure follows strategy; they interact with each other; they are independent) seems possible under certain conditions. For example, public organizations sometimes adopt some structures ceremonically that are dictated by some forceful organizations. In this situation, structure can be independent (decoupled-loose coupled) from strategy of related organization. Good luck in your studies!
Best regards,
Mehmet
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
Already much research is done in regards to what extent Individual Public Service Motivation influences achieving public goals. I'm interested in the reversed question: 'if and how achieving goals (or not) has an effect on the level of Public Service Motivation', especially in regards to participating citizens in local government. So far I was not able to find any related relevant research papers or articles.
I'm now standing on a crossroad leaving the path of theory in Public Management and for the moment look at (sport) motivation Theory in Psychology.
Who can help me with names of articles, authors or research projects related to the question if and how getting results influences motivation in general, and PSM specifically?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks so far for any feedback and answers, all will be regarded. Any article I find or new perspective on my search tot relevant literature will be shared here. There must be a framework, a model, already tested hypothesis around the question how getting results, achieving goals is effecting ones motivation (smile). The fact that it's hard to find, makes my own research the more interesting.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
9 answers
I´m researching if and how leadership style (e.g. transactional, transformational, participative ...) and behavior (feedback-seeking, informing, just, ...) influence the outcome or success of a change process in organizations.
I have already found some articles on that but would be happy to read more. Can you recommend an article, book or resource I should look into?
These are some of the ones I have found:
D. M. Herold, D. B. Fedor, S. Caldwell, and Y. Liu, “The effects of transformational and change leadership on employees’ commitment to a change: A multilevel study.,” J. Appl. Psychol., vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 346–357, 2008.
J. Van der Voet, B. S. Kuipers, and S. Groeneveld, “Implementing Change in Public Organizations: The relationship between leadership and affective commitment to change in a public sector context,Public Manag. Rev., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 842–865, 2016.
B. Michaelis, R. Stegmaier, and K. Sonntag, “Affective Commitment to Change and Innovation Implementation Behavior: The Role of Charismatic Leadership and Employees’ Trust in Top Management,J. Chang. Manag., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 399–417, 2009.
W. Luo, L. J. Song, D. R. Gebert, K. Zhang, and Y. Feng, “How does leader communication style promote employees’ commitment at times of change?,” J. Organ. Chang. Manag., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 242–262, 2016.
Thank you!
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi!
I have noted that you have got some good advices and recommended articles. This might add to them:
Also, check the list of References in the above study. Further I can recommend a review made by Cummings targeting leadership styles and different outcomes.
Hope you find what you are searching for!
Marcus
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
Dear colleagues, in which articles can you see interesting points of view on the processes of integration, cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region for the period 2012-2017? Thank you in advance for your reply.
Relevant answer
Answer
I have an article coming soon will happy to share it with you
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
15 answers
I am currently working on research related to supply and demand side of corruption
Relevant answer
Answer
 Dear Prof. Murat,
Thank you so much.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
3 answers
Advancement of Human Rights is one of the key features of Good Governance which e-government seeks to promote. Governments are mandated to keep people informed and also provide quality public services for them which can be made effective and efficient through the deployment of ICT. Therefore, what model best describe the above and suggest literature on the linkage.
Relevant answer
Answer
One way is through fire & disaster management. That is, through the environment, a number of natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, fire occurs which calls for the necessity of information from e-governments to protect its citizens from abuses.  
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
20 answers
Is my research well defined ? and what possible specific research questions should I consider ?
Relevant answer
Answer
At some point, I think you will have to decide whether you want to look at transparency as an independent or a dependent variable.  If as an independent variable, you probably should think about what you think greater transparency could or should accomplish, outline the mechanisms through which you think transparency might influence your dependent variables.  For example, full transparency in budgeting should reduce the level of government corruption, say in contracting, because it would make clear what the costs are for what services provided by whom, and if the government was paying much more for a service than it seems that it could, it would look suspicious...full transparency might increase public confidence that tax money was being spend in accordance with the budget or with national needs, and would reveal the priorities of the government, that is, proportionally, how much of the money is going to defense, or to historic preservation, or child health.  Possibly transparency could reduce the level of public alienation.  Full transparency in governmental reporting--say making inspector general reports public--should, could or might increase accountability.  If you cannot come up with a likely mechanism linking transparency to your dependent variables of interest, you should omit those dependent variables from the analysis.  Or do a different study of the determinants of the dependent variable you are most interested in.
The same kind of logic should apply if you use transparency as your dependent variable, what variables might influence the degree of openness and transparency and how do they operate, through what mechanisms?  To me, these questions are less obvious, the research topic is wide open, waiting for eager researchers.  You might have to look at variations in openness that have occurred in the past and see if you can ferret out what might have been involved in those cases, and then design a study around those independent variables to see how they work.  
Irene
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
Many countries especially in the developing world are faced with public administration decay manifested in high volumes and widespread corruption. To address these, there have been many laws, regulations and agencies to help fight corruption. There seems to be no significant improvement. What might explain this phenomenon of corruption although there are many institutions or anti-corruption laws? The paper below could be a starter for discussion
The calculus of corruption: a paradox of ‘strong’corruption amidst ‘strong’systems and institutions in developing administrative systems. Journal of Public Affairs.
Relevant answer
Answer
Long term formal and informal institutons should support regilations, otherwise cheaters will always find a way to g junp over them.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
2 answers
Hi, everyone! I am working on a research exploring the idea that (Western) development donors are now using some global development agenda as a top-down measure in development toward local implementers (e.g. international organisations, NGOs, CBOs), while many implementers, on the contrary, create locality or 'local realities' back to those donors in their development practice. However, I am aiming to connect this two different worlds between 'the global' and 'the local' and incorporate them into a vernacular version of development agendas. In order to make it clearer, the gender mainstreaming might be a good example (as I talk about it in my research). It is used by donors in top-down characteristics, while local implementers incorporate it in their work and report back in bottom-up characteristics. However, in their reports, I believe, there are both the 'globalised' gender mainstreaming and the 'localised' one intermingled in the 'in-between space' of the global and the local. Those two worlds are no more separated but interconnected by this sense.
However, so far, I could not find much of pieces of literature on 'vernacularization', 'vernacularism' and 'vernacularity', particularly in development studies. Any thoughts? Any recommedations? 
Thank you very much!
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Tinnaphop, I would recommend you to read Teodor Shanin´s "Marxism and the vernacular revolutionary traditions", in Late Marx and the Russian Road: Marx and 'the peripheries of capitalism". You may also found similarities in the conflict between Russian Orthodox Marxists and the vernacular revolutionaries and your current topic. Good luck.
Teodor Shanin, “Marxism and the vernacular revolutionary traditions”, in Late Marx and the Russian Road: Marx and ‘the peripheries of capitalism’, Monthly Review Press (New York, 1983) p.255
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
3 answers
We are exploring social norm change to identify if there are applicable models for anti-corruption work particularly in fragile contexts.  We explain why we think this may have relevance and lay out some specific questions here: http://www.blog.cdacollaborative.org/are-social-norms-an-important-missing-link-in-anti-corruption-programming/?src=RG
We would value any insights or recommendations - thanks Cheyanne
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear William and Isi
Thank you for the clear and thoughtful answers.  We will follow up with them.
Best Cheyanne
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
 or a bureaucracy Affect the training results?
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
On Knowledge Behaviors, available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266477251_On_Knowledge_Behaviors, may be of interest. With particular reference to knowledge sharing, the article argues that where large organizations make an effort to boost certain behaviors the solutions they fabricate can aggravate problems. Instead, designing jobs for knowledge behaviors and recruiting people who are positive about sharing to start with will boost knowledge stocks and flows at low cost. There must be implications for bureaucratic management to impact employee behavior elsewhere.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
7 answers
I'm looking for central theories that describe and explain decision-making processes in the public sector. 
Relevant answer
Answer
I can refer you to three classic sources on decision making by Presidents of the U.S. which can be applied to executive decision making in the public and private sectors.  All of them discuss decision making as a process:  Richard Neustadt, Presidential Power; Graham Allison, The Essence of Decision; and Irving Janis, Groupthink. 
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
29 answers
As public agencies mostly want to partner with local people or other community actors for joint projects or collaborative activities, what practical steps conveners or agencies need to win local people trust? what will make them buy into this idea of partnership? I found the article below more useful, any other suggestions?
Rising to the challenge: A framework for optimising value in collaborative natural resource governance. Forest Policy and Economics, 67, 20-29.
Relevant answer
Answer
Listening is the most important thing outsiders can do. Then, ask clarifying questions-- people on the ground know a great deal.   
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
5 answers
Many writers including John Stuart Mill and Adam Smith have noted that most current versions of "democracy" are not fit for purpose. They amount to goverment by "committees of ignoramuses". Smith sought to design an organic sociocybernetic system having multiple feedback loops analagous to that which governs the internal functioning of animals. His "Market" proposal does not and cannot work. But who has been working on  the development of an alternative?
Relevant answer
Answer
Please read the book edited by Osborne, Stephen P. (2010), on “The New Public Governance? Routledge:London
and
Book "Public Administration and Public Governance" Author: Khan Mohammad Mohabbat, (2016) , AHDP:Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
3 answers
Overview of the italian civil service: main organisational characteristics; functions and so on. Very very very brief scheme, no major in depth analyses
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, there is a special number of the journal "Educação & Sociedade" with the european approaches about NMP
GRIMALDI, Emiliano; SERPIERI, Roberto  e  TAGLIETTI, Danilo. Games of truth. new public management and the modernisation of the Italian Education System. Educ. Soc. [online]. 2015, vol.36, n.132, pp.759-778. ISSN 0101-7330.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ES0101-73302015152327.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
28 answers
The cumulative effect of selfish and unethical men and women [homo economicus or rational  actors] in the public sector may gang up in an informal network to reduce the potency of institutions and unethical practices may thrive. The question then is, do countries need just strong institutions?
To deliberate on this discussion, the paper attached could provide some basis or thoughts:
The calculus of corruption: a paradox of ‘strong’corruption amidst ‘strong’systems and institutions in developing administrative systems. Journal of Public Affairs.
Relevant answer
Answer
Emmanuel,  I appreciate the semantic difficulties that this discussion faces and I need to address this before saying any more.... The word  'institutions' in the context of your question would appear to refer to quite specifically to organisational administrative and governing structures in the public domain.  If you are in agreement then what I now say is relevant to this.
The 'strength' or rather efficacy, resilience and durability of any of these public organs of service delivery is  itself a function of the strength and presence of many other institutions of a completely different nature.  In fact institutions of many different natures.  These institutions extend right back into the 'factors' which other commentators here have identified.  These include the norms and values which are prevalent within the society, as well as the mechanisms for monitoring, calling to account, sanctioning and the inherent recognition of responsibility and 'honour'as personal qualities to be admired.  All of these contribute , for each society - defined at whatever granularity you s=choose, their 'institutional landscape'.
Like the human body, no part is greater or less than any other.  All are required for proper functioning at the expected level of efficacy, durability and resilience.  A society cannot accept local cheating, nepotism, favouritism and exploitation and demand saintly conduct at higher levels without accepting one's own individual hypocrisy and its consequences.... in a properly functioning democracy.  Of which I know not of any..
The reason is that the day-to-day imposition, sanctioning or acceptance, of these societal institutions, which I have extended the discussion to include, is arbitrated by the position an individual sits in in relationship to local administrative power structures - both formal and informal. These relationships are essentially reflections of the circumstances and nature of the economic relationships which exist within the local society, or community.  In aggregation at higher domains of societal grouping the effect of consistency in the institutional landscapes across the local levels upon which they stand is to amplify and strengthen their chief characteristics.   If local institutions are instrumental in imposing and maintaining exploitative economic relationships, irresponsible office bearers and  a lack of fear of accountability for injustices committed then these will be amplified as they are aggregated.
This does not need peer reviewed papers to know the truth of.  Consider your own experiences and conscience.  Similarly, it is almost self-evident  - though some factuals would be good to see -  that this argument suggests that those institutions of society which arbitrate the allocation and holding of private property, and which arbitrate the access that each individual has to those opportunities he needs to apply and benefit from the whole of his own efforts, skills and knowledge  - on any equal footing with every other member of that society, are key in determining the relationships of power which are inevitably the causal root, in almost every case, of the the institutional failings of which we speak.
It is equally clear, therefore, that the correction of such wide ranging and axiomatic failings in the components of our 'institutional landscapes' address failings in elements which are foundational to the social paradigm, or cultural hegemonies, within which we have our existence and in which we live our lives, dream our dreams and build our hopes and expectations for the future.
A small amount of further examination suggests that since we widely identify and express a dissatisfaction with the endemic existing of these ills with which the question is concerned then perhaps a fundamental disconnect exists between our prevailing 'norms' and 'values', and hence our expectations, and those which are intrinsic to the characteristics of those more formal and less dynamically responsive elements of the 'institutional landscapes' within which live our lives.
This 'institutional lag' is inevitable unless there is within our 'institutional' paradigm a requirement for those institutions by which the dynamism of the whole landscape is facilitated in a way which, whilst being considerate of the passing wisdoms of the past is still enabled to embrace the future...  as we as individuals and our societies evolve under the influence of our developing technologies, knowledge, metaphysical qualities, local and planetary environments and cosmological neighbourhood.
We do not yet have this, in the public domain.  Asking your question... again and again... will help to bring that new paradigm forth from the nooks and crannies of the socio-economic heterodoxy.  At present there is a well recognised void... a vacuum of reason and principles.  It must be filled.
Robin
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
22 answers
To what extent is NPM relevant to developing countries?
NPM has been deemed an effective replacement for traditional public sector administration. Notwithstanding, NPM is not necessarily suitable for all countries of the world. Manifold limitations and drawbacks have been evidenced in developing countries that have applied NPM.
Your opinions, and also any recent research/publications you could suggest on this subject would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you.
Kind regards
Neale 
Relevant answer
Answer
I have written about this in my book, Development Projects for a New Millennium.  I would say that NPM may be suitable for routine tasks but let's not forget that in a context of patron-client relations and corruption, simply making formal changes is likely to be superficial, and the private sector/subcontractor if that is the form it takes, is just as likely to be corrupt as the public sector.  See my new special edition of Journal of Developing Societies on the topic of corruption reform.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
12 answers
I want to create a single composite governance index by using the original World Bank's six World Governance Indicators for each year (1996-2014). By Principal Component Analysis, or another one?
Relevant answer
Answer
Well, this sounds as an interesting starting point. If you need it for regression analysis, you could try to plug this pca, and then alternatively the 6 original ones, and then check the sources of the different results. Good luckl!
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
5 answers
Could someone please provide details of research/publications regarding  general recipes and practical directions for successful NPM change initiatives in the public sector?
Relevant answer
Answer
You may wish to read these two articles:
1) Galetto and Marginson (2011) where the NPM established more independent public sector providers, particularly in the health sector, for instance turning English NHS hospitals into Foundation Trusts at arm's length from direct government control: https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/wbs/research/irru/wpir/gusto_papers/gust_wp6_4.pdf
2) Bossert et al. (2003) where performance improvements by service providers in Zambia have been rewarded with greater freedom from government control. DOI: 10.1093/heapol/czg044.
Hope they are of help.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
Some basic models classifie the actors of the city into 3/4 major categories : public, private, civil society, citizens/population...
I would like to have a more precise ranking/classification with more granularity.
Relevant answer
Answer
I am not quite sure, but maybe my experience will be relevant. In our research of urban policy networks in Russian megapolis we defined 5 groups of actors: (1) public administration instituitions, (2) municipalities (administrative and legislative bodies), (3) business and business associations (which are nonprofit but represent business interests), (4) NGOs, (5) not institutionalised civic initiatives (which usually are networks of civic activists) 
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
11 answers
I am working within at least two projects based on achiveing the requirements outlined in The Triple Helix concept. According to Stanford University (on their website) The Triple Helix concept relies "on three main ideas:
(1) a more prominent role for the University in innovation, on a par with Industry and Government in the Knowledge Society;
(2) a movement toward collaborative relationships among the three major institutional spheres, in which  innovation policy is increasingly  an outcome of interaction rather than a prescription from Government;
(3) in addition to fulfilling their traditional functions, each institutional sphere also “takes the role of the other” performing new roles as well as their traditional function. Institutions taking non-traditional roles are viewed as a major potential source of innovation in innovation."
 – https://hstar.stanford.edu/3helix_concept (accessed 13 april 2016)
This last idea, taking the role of the other, sounds very interesting and reflects much of my own situation. I am rather recently employed within industry having previously been active as a Ph.D student and research engineer in academia.
My question:
What is your experience of working with this concept and any recomendations you may have which is particularly related to studies of Information and Communications technology (ICT)?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you yet again Brian.
All the best,
Carlos
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
What are the effective ways to stimulate public citizens to engage in the e-government services value creation?
Relevant answer
Answer
One, there has to be openness in governance, friendly policies, rule of law, freedom of information (constructive criticism of governance), subsidized and affordable Internet services provision etc. will help.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
Hello, I'm from Brazil.
In case, NPM emerged in UK at 1970/1980's, and in Brazil 15/20 years later. Brazil is an young democracy (until 1988 it's government were in military hands). In the last 25 years, we - still - think about, discuss and study how NPM can work better in Brazil, but in my opinion we should think in long-term and beyond, because there are so many different problems than other structured, rich and developed countries. Our problems are based on conflict policies, corruption, social disfunctions and an inneficient public management.
Now, we're living a moment of political, economical and social disaster: the last 12 years, one party subverted the government, constructed a plan of power, using the public machine based on the principles of New Public Management, and using them for its benefit, at first. I'm researching about and looking for new perspectives of public management in face of this instability, considering our past, our extension, our sistem of government and our policy (disassociated of political parties) focusing on people's interests. Do you have any considerations or can you suggest philosophers, researchers, professors, etc?
I'm studying now Public Value, specially Barry Bozeman and Mark Harrison Moore
Relevant answer
Answer
NPM emphasised achieving  an efficient result without considering the basic principle of fairness and justice. Public administrators are expected to act like businessmen pursuing efficiency and consumer satisfaction without consideration for value.  In Nigeria, most policies put in places like commercialization and privatisation, management by objective, deregulation concession, and in recent times, Public- private- partnership have not achieved much. Even, other public service reforms implemented to make the public service more result oriented and as well ensure effective service delivery have failed. NPM has made the public servants  less accountable and transparent, more selfish, dishonest and corrupt.. (See my papers on Nigerian public service and service delivery ,MEASURES PUT IN PLACE TO CURB INDISCIPLINE IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE, Corruption and service delivery: the case of Nigerian public service, and Corruption and Challenges of National Development)
Therefore, what we need is a kind of home-grown initiatives suitable for our own peculiar situation .
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
8 answers
Can anyone provide some information about the criticism and the new development especially in the case of the Pacific Islanders.
Relevant answer
Answer
Actually, NPM was never theoretically or conceptually accurate; the fundamental flaws lie in the distinctions between public and private goods, and between customers and  citizens.  Wilson advanced these misconceptions when he claimed one could adopt the practices of the felonious knife-sharpener without becoming a criminal. NPM suffered from these basic problems from Minnowbrook onward.  In my view, I believe that NPM and allied theories are at the root of the rapid drop in citizen trust in government and the financial mess most governments now face.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
There are too many studies about how to improve the public space, but what happens when there are too many governmental actors working without coordination, plans or goals? Thanks for your help!
Relevant answer
Answer
I would highly recommend McDermott's book on education.
McDermott, K. A. (2011). High-stakes reform: The politics of educational accountability. Georgetown University Press.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
1 answer
1. Current literature on this issue of Integrated catchment management
Relevant answer
Answer
The best policy position on ICM, is the one that follow the concept of "given water a space". That is reduce/prevent development that tend to squeeze on catchment areas. In addition, it is important to accept the connect between river catchment and the coast of the lake they emptied to. Thus the ICM and integrated coastal/lake management should have a linkage, because some development eg. dam construction on a river could have a significant impact on the coast. Particularly the morphdynamic of the estuary  and the coastline downdrift.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
13 answers
See also, and join the debate on:  Should public management research be more interdisciplinary?
Relevant answer
Answer
involvement from the different stakeholders should be the key. encouraging the set up of interdisciplinary faculty and centers would also facilitate.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
I am currently studying population control system in India. I am not able to find past campaigns conducted by government or non governmental organization on awareness or implementation of policies.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Charles,
I suggest you also read "Fatal Misconceptions: The Struggle to Control World Population" by Mathew Connelly, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2008.
Regards, Ivan
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
1 answer
There has been an increase in the adoption and implementation of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) on the African continent. However,Ii am yet to know any country with a satisfactory CDF monitoring system and has yielded desired results. Leaders seems to be abusing it and it may actually work against the stable democracies that have emerged over the years. Any thoughts anyone?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear David, Please explain the reasons for your concerns and some references to explain more about the CDF and its methods and goals.   Robin
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
7 answers
It was time when traditional veberian hierarchical public administration model easily coincided with modern cultural context. Things began to change after postmodernism era appeared on the stage together with New Public Management implementation and New Governance attempts. What is your explanation in short about the role of cultural context for change of public administration models?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Everybody,
I was wondering can we assign a particular time frame for evolution of Post Modernism in Public Administration , making it more relevant to fit in the paradigm of Public Administration?
Second is there any difference in the post structuralist approach and Post modern in Public Administration(PA) and its impact on PA ?
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
3 answers
What are the focus areas and measurements should be in place when evaluating the roles of an Accounting Officer and Operational Level Responsibility Managers in both public and private sector?
Relevant answer
Answer
The adoption of fiscal prudence,responsibility and discipline mechanisms will be of help
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
10 answers
Do You agree with Ch. Hood's division of the values nature in public administration as hierarchical, egalitarian, fatalistic and individualistic?
Relevant answer
Answer
The civil service is the trustee of the public trust. Citizens rely on the commitment of officials to work for the general interest, demonstrating impartiality and daily administering public resources appropriately. Fair and reliable public administration inspires confidence to the public and create a favorable business climate, thus contributing to the smooth functioning of markets and the growth of the economy. Ethics in government is needed to strengthen the confidence of the public; it is the cornerstone of good governance.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
3 answers
I Operate on Gender Responsive Budgeting: GRB in Thailand. I found that the key issue of dealing with the GRB in Thailand is the lack of evidence or technical documentation or research papers supporting the outcome of GRB that could reduce the disparity and inequality in society, including Best Practices. Such experience-based information would enable the mandate that plays a major role in determining the form and method of budgeting of the country to become aware of GRB’s significant benefits, and would possibly agree to modify the format of the public sectors’ budgeting across the country as GRB. Although I examined so many research documents from multiple databases, unfortunately, found no such information. So Please recommend the articles, books, research or academic documents that can confirm or indicate that Gender Responsive Budgeting could reduce the disparity and inequality in society.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Bamboo Allcen,
Could you read Spanish? If yes, I recommend you to go tohttp://www.juntadeandalucia.es/haciendayadministracionpublica/planif_presup/genero/preguntas.htm
The Junta de Andalucia is using the GRB since 2003 and there you can find answers for your questions and solutions. 
where you can find a lot of bibliography in Spanish but also in English.
Good luck!!
Gloria
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
9 answers
As part of a Carnegie funded project, we are mapping current approaches to impeding corruption.  Based out of the Institute for Human Security at the Fletcher School, the work looks across sectors and even includes projects where anti-corruption may not be the primary emphasis.   All references to projects or ideas of where we can find actually projects are most appreciated.  Thanks!
Relevant answer
Answer
The "Fix rate" project of Integrity Action goes beyond anti-corruption, but I think it is relevant for your research: http://www.integrityaction.org/siobhan/fix-rate-%E2%80%93-citizens-can-make-difference
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
5 answers
I'm wondering which perspective it is better to apply in my PhD thesis.
Relevant answer
Answer
I propose new indexes to make better decisions. You can read about it in my articles.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
How could you explain the difference and similarity between "reforms" process and "modernization" process in public administration?
Relevant answer
Answer
According to Pollitt and Bouckaert, reforms are deliberate changes to the structures and processes of public sector organizations with the objective of getting them (in some sense) to run better. Although modernization is often perceived as a synonym of reforms, this term often means the objective or outcome of transition into a more advanced state/situation.  
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
7 answers
There is a big contradiction between conditions for creativity and spontaneous activity and regulations, bureaucratisation and quantitative indicators at the same time. How can we solve this unpleasant situation in order not to kill new creative initiatives?
Relevant answer
Answer
there is no satisfactory creativity theory that I know of. I do however think environments more likely to release creative and spontaneous act and thoughts can be structured, but it still can not be measured and is unpredictable. I endorse Cecilia's comment.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
5 answers
I am facing a challenge on how to go about on the above research question. I am struggling to narrow down the study and also to identify such kind of partnerships around Johannesburg to pay attention on.
Relevant answer
Answer
You might also go a step further to examine more innovative forms of PPP, such as strategic alliances, which go beyond contract fulfillment and delve into more strategic issues of co-innovation. Haiying Lin and I have a couple of papers on this topic.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
1 answer
There seems to be many appoaches to local governance by the network of elected bodies, civil society, professionals. By which approaches should I try to incorporate the providers of the local public goods (public transport, communal services) so they can collaborate for that public value?
Relevant answer
Answer
The first step will be to make a proposal of public goods and their benefits to society.then you can request the authorities to provide you basic info and data.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
Contracting out and privatization of social services is in advertising for more effective social administration in the world. However the threat in the underdeveloped world for clients not to have money to pay for privatized social services is very likely. In any case, if social services organization and delivery is left for the state or municipal authorities without privatization, the payments will be less or there will be no payments of clients at all. The national and municipal budgets will feel tensions, but the poor people themselves will be more happy having provided social services. Here I do not consider such situations when public money is devoted to a private organization or NGO to deliver services. The latter situation is also an alternative.
Relevant answer
Answer
From a political perspective, key risks are 1) that privatization itself is both a product and producer of a particular ideology, and 2) that the global capitalist framework makes such decisions more or less irreversible. If interested, there are good documentaries on the issues you raise above, for example the effects on IMF policies for money lending to developing countries, which force countries to give up access to key infrastructure (e.g. privatisation of water supply and provision, which exclude the poor). 
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
6 answers
I am often being told that SNA cannot be used for policy evaluation, however I am not so convinced about this. I wonder how this unique set of relational measures can help monitoring policies.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Laura, can I suggest you join the evidence-based policy in development network (https://partnerplatform.org/ebpdn/) and ask them this question -- it's a very lively community of people from across the world, and we've just had a short discussion about the use of SNA.  They'll be able to point you in the right direction.  
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
I am looking for secondary data from a survey for decision-making - managers in the public sector (federal). Using decision-making as a theory.
Relevant answer
Answer
OPM has their Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey publicly available (from years 2004, 2006-2014).  You can mine this data to extract specific questions or use their defined workplace indices.  I used this data in my dissertation stratifying by generation.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
8 answers
I am currently seeking to develop common criteria to evaluate the success of different policy initiatives to tackle the informal economy. To do this, one needs to develop a common measuring rod (e.g., the cost per job moved from the informal economy into the formal economy; the tax revenue-to-cost ratio). The first thing that struck me is whether it is valid to use such criteria to evaluate a policy when it was not perhaps its original objective. The second thing is to select common criteria that can be used. What common measure/s would you use? And does anybody know any literature that discusses the issues involved in developing common measures to compare different policy initiatives?
Relevant answer
Answer
Lisa, we are finding that 'who' a policy is successful for is very important. A policy that is successful for one set of stakeholders may not be successful for other stakeholders. And the policy measures selected tend to reflect which stakeholders vested interests are given prominence, which usually reflects the power dynamics in particular situations.   
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
4 answers
Are these two concepts the same in their underlying principles?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much Thaneshwar.
I am clear now about these two perplexing concepts.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
20 answers
I am currently struggling to develop a methodology to evaluate the feasibility of transferring policies from one nation to another where they may be suitable. In my case, these are policy measures to tackle the informal economy. Does anybody know any literature which discusses the factors that need to be taken into account when evaluating the feasibility of transferring a policy from one nation to another?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Colin,
some years ago I started a challenging work about the rapid diffusion of policy innovations in different countries that have been characterized by a schizophrenic adoption of practices (“the factory of best practices) with governments utilizing those considered the ‘best’ as well as those deemed capable of actually providing solutions to policy problems. Nevertheless, the replication of policy innovations in different countries have been met with varying degrees of success.
The focal point of the study has been how to learn from the successes and failures of others in the field of public sector innovation. In my recent work (Evidence for public policy design – How to learn from best practices ed- Palgrave), I analyzed the adoption of the Standard Cost Model (a methodology to measure red tape and improve the quality of regulation ) in a number of European countries that provides an example of this due to it being met with success in some countries while failing inexplicably in others.
Focussing on policy transfer literature, classic studies on policy learning take interest in understanding the causal mechanism and, generally, the transfer of a policy from one country to another – which is what some call “lesson drawing” (Rose, 1991; 1993; 2004). Bardach (2008) and Barzelay (2009) tried to find a way to develop the concept of social mechanisms (Merton, Hedström and Swedberg, 1998) in order to understand the reasons of policy success.
Schneider and Ingram (1988) inquired the notion of “systematically pinching ideas” referring to the suggestion addressed to policy designers to adopt a more formal and rational selection process when policy ideas are transferred from other contexts, by comparing features of the different policy designs. I stressed and carefully inquired this point aiming at developing guidelines for policy analysts in order to evaluate the quality of best practices, to understand the reasons of success and to transfer innovations from a source case to a target case, presenting a final appraisal on how to design an effective policy.
I hope these inputs could be useful for you,
Best wishes,
Paola
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
36 answers
New Public Management with its private sector methods in many fields has exhausted its potential and is more often criticized at present. New Governance with its openness, transparency, social responsibility and social justice is appearing on the stage at least theoretically. Do you consider New Governance ideas with its sociality as supplementary, or the opposite to New Public Management with its individualism?
Relevant answer
Answer
NPM not opposite or supplementary to new gov ernance paradigm. While NPM is about an administrative practices, the new governance paradigm captures the larger relationship among government, market and civil society. NPM can be said to be part of new governance paradigm, but not necessarily; there are critiques of NPM within the new governance paradigm also.
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
1 answer
I need to focus on clearly defined and measurable dimensions of citizen expectations on public services, in order to develop a questionnaire or an interview scheme
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi,
you can consult this article: Gregg G. Van Ryzin (2013): An Experimental Test of the Expectancy-Disconfirmation Theory of Citizen Satisfaction. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 32, No. 3, 597–614 (2013)
  • asked a question related to Public Management
Question
12 answers
That is what a government can do, so that in the public sphere are discussed in more serious social problems?
Often, in many countries, issues are treated very superficially in the media by people who have not the vaguest idea about it.
All ideas are welcome to try to build a methodology of discussion for the media and it has some social meaning.
Relevant answer
Answer
And the government people themselves have to be enthusiastic and interested what they do. Very often they seem only bureaucratic and routine oriented. One of the reasons for that I see the disappearance of clear left-right political division in internal affairs of the countries. Social problems can not be discussed without left-right discussions.
A.Guogis