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Questions related to Public Administration
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Hi, I am doing my Ph.D. and searching recent topics in the areas of Public Administration.
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What do you expect from me in this field? As it observes. there are some principles of public administration that are widely. should be include, depending on your country real condition with that many kind of the areas will be studied. to access to service. @
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I am starting the research "Peculiarities of territorial community management in wartime conditions"
The aim of the research
Conduct a thorough study of the principles of community functioning in wartime conditions. To develop methodological recommendations for the management of the territorial community in wartime conditions, to substantiate the strengthening of the vertical of power and the transition to a centralized system of community management in wartime conditions. Threats and possibilities of the increased influence and power of the chairman on community activities. Development of interaction of the vertical of community power with state authorities, military administrations, deputies, public organizations and the populations.
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sorry sir , i don't have research experience in your area of research
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What can a populist social and fiscal policy based on subsidies and handouts lead to with the money of the public finance system in a situation of economic downturn, falling state budget revenues and growing indebtedness of the public finance system?
What can the ever-increasing subsidy- and welfare-based populist social policy and the soft fiscal policy with money from the state's financial system lead to through increased public debt and the printing of national money?
The political objective of the socio-economic policies implemented in this way, including social, budgetary and fiscal policies, is the plan to win the next parliamentary elections by the political party currently holding the reins of power. However, the economic consequences and the impact on the state's finances in the years ahead could be seriously negative.
Such socio-economic policies may contribute to continued high levels of inflation in the coming months.
What other negative effects could arise from such socio-economic policies in the future?
What can the ever-increasing populist social policy based on government subsidies and handouts and the soft fiscal policy implemented with the money of the state financial system, which is raised through the increase of public debt and the printing of national money, lead to?
What is your opinion on this topic?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dos premisas: la primera, ¿qué es lo que se entiende por políticas populistas? Emitir moneda para la seguridad social es populismo pero emitir para salvar los bancos no lo es. ¿Qué hace la diferencia? Segunda: las políticas y economistas zombis de que habla Paul Krugman son un buen punto de referencia para mirar la efectividad de la intervención estatal.
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In my research I use resilience as a sub-criteria of Responsiveness, so I need answers to series of questions:
How does a developed administrative capacity contribute to the Public Procurement System's (PPS) resilience?
Adaptability is the second sub-criteria and the question is:
How does assessment contribute to the adaptation of the continuous changing context of the Romanian Public Procurement System ?
(Responsiveness, Responsibility, Receptivity, and Transparency are four important criteria against which I evaluate the governance of innovation in Romanian PPS.
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The efficient administration always indulged itself for the better outcomes.it perform obligation to bring the revolutionary changes for the set up . it need to focus on the weaknesses of the system to make amendment for ultimate results
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I am a second year PhD student within the field of public administration. Considering that I have to select the subject of my PhD thesis; can somebody offer assistance me or direct me in choosing a proposal subject?
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Mr. Farhangi, first of all Public Administration is a vast subject, so you have need to choose a specific area or branch of the subject as your interest of study area; where your supervisor will help you. At first you have need decided to select the area from theoretical part or practice part of the subject, then you can able to choose the topic for your research. There are so many issues are in practice part such as service delivery, governance, local government, public policies, corruption, various public institutions, NGOs, relationship between government and market etc. But you have need to consult with your supervisor provided by your institution where you are enrolled as a Ph. D research scholar.
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In order to tackle complex challenges we need collaboration across sectors (between state and society) as well as between ministries and administrative levels (e.g. often innovative initiatives are local, but the federal level has littles possibilities to empower their creativity and learn from them). Often gov.labs impact just one ministry or administrative level, and has no mandate to transform the political system as such. Do you know of any successful gov.lab in this regard?
Thanks and best wishes, Patrizia Nanz
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Governments don't act in the interests of people, nor of innovation labs, collaboratively nor in any other human sense. They follow their manifestos which are composed and influenced by foreigners and foreign business aims, and almost never with home business aims nor anything which could remotely be associated with humanity.
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I want to explore the role of leadership in the strategic alignment of relevant units in a corporate public institution for a doctorate reaearch. Any suggestions please.
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It might be worth examining whether "leadership" actually play a role in strategic planning before seeking to identify an appropriate methodology to measure the extent of that. Here and there, the public sector operates under an exigent set of concerns, demands, interests, pressures, and restrictions that make it an open—and therefore complex when not chaotic—system. What strategic planning comes to pass is politically directed from above and is typically characterized by crisis, organizational turnarounds, and a modicum of bottom-up thinking. What with the changes in government, time horizons are typically short. In these circumstances, a more fruitful research question would investigate what steps (if any) the public sector can take to mitigate the above-mentioned obstacles, promote a culture of strategy, leverage an organization’s purpose to catalyze action, transform the operating model, and build a system for execution and learning.
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This question relates to assessing of scientific interest in researching changes in Ukrainian public administration framework during the ongoing martial status.
In particular, I'm looking for co-authors who are interested in the topic. Potentially, the research may be devoted to analyse of the following issues:
- public administration legal framework during martial status in Ukraine;
- changes in the legal status of public authorities at national and local level;
- changes in status of local communities during martial status in Ukraine;
- the role and functions of civil society organizations and volunteers during the establishment of martial status.
If you are interested in the above topic or may propose your ideas please provide your opinion.
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Thank you, Ivaylo! You provided an incredible example of well structured research that may be used as a baseline. Is there any opportunity to observe digital copy of the book?
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Good evening,
I am currently finishing my master thesis about the blurring boundaries of tasks and responsibilities between police and military personnel worldwide but also specifically Belgium. This is a master thesis in line of my master's degree at the university of Ghent, where I will be graduating in the study Public administration and management. If there are any articles available and you would like to share these with me to help with the research, feel free to do so. It will help me out immensely.
Kindest regards,
Arne sonck
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In Brazil there is a constitutional article that allows the deployment of the armed forces for the "guarantee of law and order".
If you´re interested, perhaps this paper could be useful:
I also wrote about it in my master thesis, but the original text is in Portuguese:
If you find the Brazilian case to be useful for your research, I´ll be glad to provide more information.
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I need a brief explanation of what should be the focus of the study today in the discipline Public Administration.
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very important. So that the citizen can enjoy the service to the maximum
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I have a PhD in Public Administration and my PhD thesis is in continuing medical education. My current research interests include patterns and policy-making. If you need to take part in research projects in this area, I am ready
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The public administration is the real institution to provide service to the country's population, but planners face difficulty in analyzing the internal and external environment to identify opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses, to build a strategic plan that can meet the needs of the people.
So, how can we analyze the internal and external environment of the public administration institution in the country from your point of view?
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make with SWOT analysis.
SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, and so a SWOT analysis is a technique for assessing these four aspects of your business.
SWOT Analysis is a tool that can help you to analyze what your company does best right now, and to devise a successful strategy for the future. SWOT can also uncover areas of the business that are holding you back, or that your competitors could exploit if you don't protect yourself.
A SWOT analysis examines both internal and external factors – that is, what's going on inside and outside your organization. So some of these factors will be within your control and some will not. In either case, the wisest action you can take in response will become clearer once you've discovered, recorded and analyzed as many factors as you can.
SWOT seems simple, but, if used carefully and collaboratively, it can be very revealing. For example, you may be well aware of some of your organization's strengths, but until you record them alongside weaknesses and threats you might not realize how unreliable those strengths actually are. Equally, you likely have reasonable concerns about some of your business weaknesses but, by going through the analysis systematically, you could find an opportunity, previously overlooked, that could more than compensate.
In this article, video and infographic, we explore how to carry out a SWOT analysis, and how to put your findings into action. We also include a worked example and a template to help you get started on a SWOT analysis in your own workplace.
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Need to understand the challenges facing the Standing Committee on Public Accounts (SCOPA)/ Public Accounts Committee (PAC) in the public administration and develop strategies, which will assist the SCOPA/PAC in managing the challenges
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I sat in the Public Investment Committee of Parliament (Kenya) from 1992 to 1999 and during that time, I attended a number of Public Accounts Committee sittings too. In Kenya, whereas the Public Accounts Committee looks at the Accounts of Ministries, the Public Investment Committee looks at the Accounts of State Corporations.
Within the context of Public Administration, the Public Accounts Committee is a watchdog committee expected to check the utilization of public funds expended by the Executive. Thus first there are supposed to check-
  1. If funds were used for their intended purpose;
  2. If budgeted amounts were correctly applied as planned
  3. Was there over expenditure, under-expenditure or even unauthorized reallocations;
  4. Value for money etc.
This role can however be performed effectively only if Parliament is not "captured" by the Executive and if Political Parties are strong and the opposition can effectively play its role of checking on the government. So in terms of Public Administration- resource allocation is key to implementation of public policies which is expected to be citizen centric.
From that perspective there could be numerous challenges that face these committees. Where the Executive (President) is powerful, the line between top public servants and politicians is very thin. Most senior public servants are actually political appointees who cannot even be sanctioned by the Parliamentary Committee. Thereby rendering the work of the Parliamentary Committee and any finding inconsequential.
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Locally operating business entities should be promoted by chambers of commerce.
Entrepreneurship and innovation should be supported by central and local government units of public administration.
In addition, investment funds should co-finance innovative investment projects characterized by a high level of innovation.
However, in the education system, the issue of promoting local entrepreneurship of innovation may be taken into account, indicating the high level of significance of this issue for the economic development of the local self-government economy as well as in the context of the national economy.
In view of the above, the current question is: How to support and activate innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Phil Barbonis,
I'm in a hurry to answer. Well, the above-mentioned chambers of commerce are created by entrepreneurs running companies and enterprises operating within specific industries and sectors of the economy. In chambers of commerce, entrepreneurs are associated in order to jointly work out solutions to specific economic problems, develop new solutions and innovations, develop ways and methods of more effective implementation of innovations and ways of solving economic problems, and then submit these proposals to parliamentary circles, parliamentary teams of politicians and experts lobbying specific solutions. This is how a large part of the national and regional chambers of commerce in the country in which I operate operate. In individual countries, there are different chambers of commerce, they have different statutory goals, and have different functions and organizational culture. Maybe this results in a different interpretation of the role and importance of chambers of commerce in my and your statements.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I would be grateful if anybody could point me to published research discussing the role of public administrations in freight transport planning/policy and what data they collect and use to base their policy upon, especially if such data is from real-time systems (perhaps once summarised). Please note that my interest is for intercity freight transport particularly.
Very many thanks!
Andrea
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Prof Ken Ogden published journal papers and a book related to freight transport planning when he was working at Monash Uni.
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Hi I am doing my PhD and searching possible hot recent topics in areas of Management & Public Administration.
Thank you.
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Public policy making; Covid-19 perspective
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The private sector offering services, private goods usually implements this process more economically in terms of costs and expectations of customers compared to the offer of the public sector. In order to increase this efficiency, creation and provision of public goods to consumers is often ordered by the state sector, ie by central state administration institutions and or by local government units and commissioned to be produced for private sector enterprises through organized tenders. These tenders are a kind of competitions, during which the best offers are selected, taking into account the criterion of economic effectiveness of the delivery of certain goods, costs and time of completion and the quality of delivered public goods. The investment programs of public-private partnerships are being developed in the scope of the creation and supply of public goods that require large financial outlays, such as in the situation of construction of large power plants, eg nuclear power plants.
In view of the above, the current question is: How to increase the efficiency of state delivery of public goods?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Vladimir Fagundes,
Thank you for answering the question:
How to increase the efficiency of state delivery of public goods?
You indicated the key factors of improving institutional solutions for creating and offering public goods to citizens and the important factors of developing cooperation between institutions of the public and private sector.
Thank you, Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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How measuring the effectiveness of public policies can increase results for society ...
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In 2019, the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development adopted a new set of evaluation criteria for development projects and programs. The six evaluation criteria are (a) relevance (Is the intervention doing the right things?); (b) coherence (How ell does the intervention fit?); (c) effectiveness (Is the intervention achieving its objectives?); (d) efficiency (How well are resources being used?); (e) impact (What difference does the intervention make?); and (f) sustainability (Will the benefits last?). The OECD-DAC criteria (rather than the "models" this query alludes to) are eminently appropriate to measure the effectiveness of public programs (and are used as a matter of routine to evaluate development projects and programs around the world).
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The factors imposed on the specific characteristics of Public Administration can facilitate or hinder the KM. Identify what is essential for public institutions in conducting their activities.
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The application of knowledge management in the public sector is driven in part by the same factors as in the business sector: more efficient and professional task performance, and thus better responsiveness to community needs. The public sector is generally unable, or only to a very limited extent, to provide financial incentives for the creation and sharing of new knowledge, as opposed to the private sector. As part of the knowledge management function, the public sector is also responsible for the development of citizens. Training should cover all stages of individual development.
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What is the potential of blockchain technologies (DLT) in the field of e-government, and in particular for procedures for recognition of credentials? If so, what are the specific hurdles in implementing a DLT-based solution in the context of e-administration at transnational level? I recently published a research article on blockchain, e-government and recognition which you can access and download at: (published by Elsevier, in Research in Globalization).
The fact is that beyond bitcoins and some Fintech applications, DLT / BC has led to encouraging use cases in some transnational administrative procedures, e.g. recognition of qualified exporters in the context of customs procedures, or in the field of government procurement bids. But for now that's about it. Are there other example of transnational administrative procedures where BC use cases could be developed? In my article I examine what are the opportunities and challenges of using the DLT /BC in the context of official recognition of foreign diplomas (diplomas earned abroad) by governments. Now I wish to ask the views on that from the RG community of researchers.
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Many thanks
Jaroslav Dvorak
, I also came to the conclusion that there is a reluctance by states to adopt new technologies in their procedures for official recognition of foreign qualifications. But isn't that odd at a time where all governments are talking about digitization of their services to citizens and e-administration? I think it is worth deepening where the obstacles are: on the administration side or on the technology developer side?
Best regards
Christian
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Can you recommend journals in economics, management, public administration that are indexed in at least 3 of the following databases: Scopus, EBSCO, EconLit, REPEC, DOAJ, Cabells, JSTOR, Science Direct, SpringerLink, ProQuest, INFOSCI?
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Is crowdsourcing a key factor in improving public administration efficiency?
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Dear Azizxon Ahmedov , Congratulations on the interesting topic of discussion! Indeed, the debate about the application of innovative tools in public management is gaining momentum again. My view is that in the coming years these methods and techniques will expand their meaning and role. I advise you to continue your efforts in this topic! Stay healthy!
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My thesis title is- Enhancing Social Ecological Resilience of the fishing communities through Co-management- Hilsa fishery as a case study of Bangladesh.One of my aim is to find out the power relations or dynamics by using the political ecology as a framework to analyze power relations of different stakeholders.I am looking for articles or empirical research that analyzed power relation by using the Political ecology framework.Thanks for your help.
Sincerely-Mohammad
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Mozumder M.H. M. I think you will find some interesting subjects in the following link published article.
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Dear Colleagues Please find call for chapters for our forthcoming Springer book titled "Pandemic, Lockdown and Digital Transformation: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Administration, NGOs and Businesses " https://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/PLDT_CFP.pdf?SGWID=0-0-45-1688514-p174317560
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Julius Ofanson Proposal Submission: 30th October 2020 Proposal Acceptance/Rejection: 15th November 2020 Full Chapter Submission: ` 15th January 2021
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Hi everyone,
I tried hard to find this article (reference given below), every possible way that I am aware of. I wonder why am I not able to find it. Can anyone please help me to have an access to it?
Uphoff, N., & Moharir, V. (1994). An analytical model of performance for developing indicators of employees’ capability. Journal of Public administration, 17 (3), 372–379.
Thank you
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The article you mentioned, doesn't seem to have any DOI or URL. The webpage of the journal also only shows from volume 36 (year 2001), while the article you are searching was published back in 1994. Very difficult to find indeed. I hope you somehow find it. GL.
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Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. If possible, please elaborate your opinion in detail. Any input, supporting materials or comments will be highly appreciated!
Thank you in advance!
Best regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
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To stop vast emigration from Your country in general, and to stop vast emigration of intellectuals too. Of course, this refers only to those countries, which suffer from vast brain emigration (as many developing countries and such countries as Lithuania and Latvia in the Baltics).
But it is easy to recommend, difficult to implement.
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Dear public servants,
Regarding the motivation to work, what factors do you attribute as stimulators for the performance of your duties?!
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I am motivated by intrinsic factors for example a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction in my work. And yes, work needs to be fun to be motivating! Doing something that is enjoyable to do and offers intellectual challenges, having control over how the work is completed and the goal accomplished, increasing responsibility, empowerment and recognition. Finally in my case the ability to help others. I believe most public service employees are motivated by these types of intrinsic factors.
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Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research.
Thank you in advance!
Warm regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
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Work-based policy should be implemented in universities where students gain marks through internship say 60% and 40% written exam which include theory, presentation and research.
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It is a very common belief. It is not clear HOW and WHY people acquire this unjustified belief. As a tentative scientific discipline, it is probably better than astrology but hardly compares to theoretical physics.
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Dear Prof. Joseph Tham,
Because Economics has a large group of scientists from different fields working on its principles.
They welcome theoretical physicists, but when a theoretical physicist will welcome a leading economist to have a say in their field?
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To build off my practice-oriented work on civic tech:
Civic Technology: Open Data and Citizen Volunteers as a Resource for North Carolina Local Governments
And various folks work on local-level and state-level food policy councils
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Seeking public administration co-production research on food policy councils and on civic technology will certainly not work in Nigeria. The main reason is the maximum and complexity of corruption that are the trade mark and culture in Nigeria. Money for such development are embezzled with impunity. That is why WE BIAFRANS WANT BIAFRA INDEPENDENCE from Nigeria, so that we can have a genuine and well-focused development for our beloved country BIAFRA.
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Consider the following voluntary scheme. There would be some eligibility requirements that would be consistent with the principles of health promotion. Only certain target groups would qualify.
You sign up and for walking 10,000 steps per day, you get a certain amount of money deposited directly to your cell phone. In principle, and in theory, what is wrong with this? In practice, people could cheat and so on but with the development of new technologies, it would be much more difficult to cheat so this disadvantage can be minimized. The funds for this scheme could come from a public-private partnership.
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Joseph Tham this is a great question and I applaud your efforts to plumb the ethical dimensions. I wonder if the responses would be equally well-received if it was inverted asking pretty much the same thing. " Would it be ethically acceptable to decline monetary incentives to those not reporting sanctioned health behaviors, such as daily walks?
Interesting as this scheme sounds similar to other health care and insurance company incentives. If I go for yearly check-ups, wellness visits etc., I receive a $500 dollar reduction on my health care premiums. Of course, I engage in this behavior because of the "incentive". But it could be equally be seen as punitive if I don't engage in these behaviors. It is designed so that my behaviors are not private. Sanctioned behavior becomes one of the public (or at least medical) records to be used in whatever fashion is deemed appropriate by whoever has access.
There are many ways these could be decoupled. They could have other parties that monitor the behavior and provide the incentive from stakeholders without telling the stakeholders who is receiving the benefit. Separating the validation from the medical and insurance records would encourage behavior while preserving privacy. But I suspect this, like so many other things, is not about promoting positive behavior as it is about mitigating risk and the affiliated cost of private information. So, while it is a blunt tool, it may be the best one available to all involved.
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in addition to the list of methods, I would like to understand major differences between research methods in Public Administration.
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Hi, I work as a PhD student in Public Administration in the Netherlands. I think methods differ depending on your research question. For instance, if you are interested in understanding the meaning people give to a certain event, it might be good to use qualitative methods. If you are however looking to establish causality, an experiment might be suitable.
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Most parents are very competitive, and instill the same spirit in their children. My empirically testable conjecture (hypothesis?) is that this leads to greater inequality in society.
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As much as parents are the first source of information a child gathers , they can't only be blamed for inequality. Religious beliefs, policies and prevalent cultural paradym also play major roles. So i will say societal inequality is a combination of different aspect of societal life.
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There are several positions that one could take. First, one could say that schools and teachers are in the business of education, and dealing with inequality is just not part of the job description.
Second, one could argue that schools and teachers should contribute to social justice, and to the extent that inequality in society is attributable to the unjust actions of schools and teachers, then schools and teachers should try to minimize the negative impacts of inequality.
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Samy Azer I agree that universities and schools have to support equality of opportunity, and provide all relevant information. But they may not necessarily support equality of outcomes and results. Agree? Or comments?
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I am interested in studies focused on the implementation of Electronic
Document Management Systems (EDMS) in government organizations.
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What does it even mean? Are you suffering from Empathy Deficit Disorder (EDD)?
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Lack of concern and care for others. GED is a big word and encompasses many dimensions which is not easy to measure. Like all latent variable and concepts we need to test for validity and reliability before we can be sure of what we are measuring.
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In business, public administration and other spheres of social life it is necessary to follow adaptability to a certain extent. But innovativeness is a much desired option for development too. How to avoid contradicting both of them?
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Dear Arvydas,
Innovativeness is the most productive way of adaptability. I first proved this in 1993-1997 in a longitudinal study of Russian industrial enterprises which passed the deep post-Soviet transformational economic and social crisis. the greatest importance to achieve the proper adaptability is to allow and to promote innovativeness at all organizational levels.
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Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research on think tank industry. The outputs of the research and the best international practices will be used in elaborating development strategy of our think tank. Please, indicate the best examples and strategic steps, which could be important in this process! Any comment, which you think should be considered, will be appreciated.
Thank you in advance!
Regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
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Dear Vardan,
My advice is not to look to the best international practices -- you cannot replicate the Conference Board, American Enterprise Institute, the Brooking Institution, the RAND Corporation or EIU.
In post-USSR countries there are just three types of striving thin tanks
1) extensions of particular ministries (ministry of finance, ministry of economy) performing outsourcing works to their major clients using the government money. The development strategy is simple -- to expand the basis of clients with gradual serving two, three ministries etc. The moment of truth in your strategy is to present or do not present in your report a point which totally contradicts the opinion of your client (minister, deputy minister etc.);
2) networks of researchers serving industry (employers) associations. Here you strategy is to extract data from participants of such associations and to present it back in a fresh interesting way with some assertive arguments for the benefits of the members of associations;
3) 'brain departments' of influential political parties. Here your strategy is dualistic -- be able to produce attractive populist ideas and assertive slogans and short texts (manifestos and political programs) and also to offer to politicians the real analysis of the current situation and the short-term forecasts.
For the first and sometimes for the third cases of think tanks do not expect that they will survive for a very long time. For the second case, you can work successfully for decades. In the second case you may also have a possibility to mutate into a consultancy company providing specified services for particular corporations.
Bests,
Igor Gurkov
Head of a think tank of the first type in 1994-2000, head of a think tank of first&second type in 2000-2006.
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Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research. Any input, support, materials or comments will be highly appreciated!
Thank you in advance!
Regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
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I think some of the key issues are
- availability of big data
- availability of analytic tools that allow data to be used
- ability of think tanks to work virtually with web conferencing world wide and for workers to work remotely
- use of digital platforms to collect stakeholder and public views including public participation in creating and testing solutions
- connected to this greater ability to use international as well as national learning
- increased competition in the space occupied by think tanks means brand value and quality/perceived quality of the agency will be critical to ensuring stakeholders listen
- distrust of experts
- need for visible leadership that is tech savvy but also credible
- need to tailor messaging precisely to the target audience and deliver in the correct medium
- need for leaders at various levels in think tanks that are credible with different audiences and adept with digital and analogue channels
- ability to deliver quick, timely, analysis to meet stakeholder needs
- ability to work in partnership and share platforms with other credible stakeholders
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Does anybody know of any specific policy initiatives that a country has adopted that has been successful in moving work in the informal economy into the formal economy? 
I am looking for 'good practice' policy initiatives that might be transferable from one country and could be implemented more broadly. These might be deterrence initiatives that increase the penalties or improve the risks of detection (e.g., initiatives to improve workplace inspections, improve data mining to identify the informal economy).
They might also be incentive measures that encourage the shift from the informal to the formal economy. These might be supply-side initiatives that make it beneficial and easier to operate in the formal economy (e.g., simpler registration, tax incentives). They might also be demand-side initiatives that encourage consumers/purchasers to buy from the formal economy (e.g., service vouchers, tax incentives).
Finally, they might involve awareness raising and education campaigns to persuade people of the benefits or working in the formal economy or costs of working in the informal economy. Or they might be initiatives that seek to improve the structural systemic drivers that lead to the prevalence of the informal economy (e.g., reducing corruption, modernizing governance).   
Ideally, I am looking for specific concrete policy initiatives that have been evaluated to assess their impact.
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In Greece recent legislative measures are appropriate to combat informal work....Tomorrow I will post them
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In his experience, which political systems are more prone to fraud within the public administration as a state activity. Please back up your reasons. All opinions will be well received. Thank you.
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Neither the left or the right wing political party makes it valid for fraud since fraud is more of a personal interest than a public mediocre .As the human nature ethical thinking they know what is right and wrong irrespective of their source of teaching and learning.political parties should not be carrying the burden of their individual mbers who take advantage of their position and authority in the party.Nevertheless in line with the parties rules and regulations the suspected fraudsters should be banned from the party with immediate effect.
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I would like to know what are the methods used in your country to detect and study financial fraud activities in public administration management. Thanks for your opinion.
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 I am trying to find out how technological change associated with  implantation of new idea has  been explained 
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Green Governance came from sustainable development.
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A new model of a governance system which always concern for the conservation of ecosystem, biodiversity and promote sustainability in theory and practice.
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The Philosophy of Public Administration.
Philosophy looks in a rational way at aspects such as knowledge (epistemology), existence (metaphysics), methodology (logic and language), values (ethics) and beauty (aesthetics) of a phenomenon. Here we look at Public Administration (PA).
The first question is: What is Public Administration (epistemology)? Public Administration is the study of government that uses bureaucracy as its tool of operation. Bureaucracy is based on laws and regulations (Max Weber) and the bureaucrats follow these laws. The goal of government is to serve the public (public service based on public interest) where everybody is equal under the law. The aspect of good governance is important. These laws are decided upon by the political system that uses democracy as its guiding principle or tool of operation. PA works always in the tandem democracy-bureaucracy, where democracy takes the lead and bureaucracy follows. Changes always take place in this form.
In which form do we find bureaucracy and its properties (metaphysics)? Two main properties of bureaucracy are governing based on the law and the public interest. Bureaucratic systems are quite complex and are guided by systems dynamic laws: the general system theory (a system consist of different internal subsystems and external systems) and it is autopoietic (the system adheres mainly to its internal working). The external system here is the political system, but apart from that it doesn't answer to other external systems. Apart from the national and local government, we find bureaucracies in international organizations such as the UN and NGO's and because of their growing complexities, business organizations/forms can become bureaucratic too and object of study for PA.
In its methodological approach Public Administration is a multi- and interdisciplinary science. That means it uses knowledge from different disciplines (e.g. economy, law, sociology, psychology, technology) as its approach to solve problems. And because it is based on objective laws and regulations and the service to the public, it is more an empirical based science comparable to medicine. Theory building is different, there is a struggle whether to apply more inductive or deductive methods or verification than falsification. It is a young study and it is wresting with its paradigms.
What is the beauty of PA (aesthetics) and what is it good for (ethics)? In the public discussion, government is often seen in a pejorative way (negative): e.g. waste of resources, big government, slow decision making, corruption, spying on it own citizens. And at the positive side, except from the aspect of good governance, government is also considered good (Paul du Gay: In Praise of Bureaucracy, 2002). According to Adam Smith government has to promote happiness of the public as its sole use and ends (good government). Governmental organizations comply to the public will through the principles of democracy used by the political system. And there are certain duties only government has the power to execute. These beautiful and positive aspects of government objects of study of PA.
I mainly use the complexity of the bureaucratic system to make analysis and tend to look things interdisciplinary from a helicopter view.
Two books on the philosophy of PA:
Edoardo Engaro (2017). Philosophy and Public Administration. Massachusetts: Elger Publishing.
JSH Gildenhuys (2004). Philosophy of Public Administration. Stellenbosch: Sun Press.
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In addition to the indicated aspects of public administration, it is also necessary to touch on the anthropological and phenomenological aspect. It is necessary to consider the problem of the relationship between the administration and the individual. At the same time, administration should be considered taking into account subjective factors.
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In the post-colonial state today we still find universities with predominantly eurocentric teachings and curricula. Various policy ideas,theories of governance and public management has not led to an improvement of public management in Africa. Therefore there was a call 2015 for decolonised education in South Africa! Part of the movement is the importance that our disciplines should also shift to keep up with the transformation agenda.
Therefore in an attempt to increase university capacity through decolonisation programmes and projects... A type of "by Africa for Africa" knowledge production... Are there any ideas that can assist in building capacity..?
Can you provide any cases of failure in post-colonial state because of western emposed governance structure (theory)?
Which African authors/philosophers speak about governance and Public Management in the post-colonial state?
What is the current state of Public Administration, in the African context?
Thank you
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I have purged myself of issues relating to decolonisation bcos perspective seems to differ from one another on the philosophy of decolonialisation. Firdt, to decolonise is to go back before colonialism.
In Public Administration the first question would be;
Where there existing administrative process on the african continent?
What was the extent of good and open governance in precolonial africa?
Why was the adminitrative processes and procedure replaced by eurocentric perspective?
These are the first set of questions that will lead into meanigful engagement on decolonialisation in the discipline.
However, i have noted before (2016) that the decolonialisation of public administration was impossible. Because there are too fee innovative scholars in the discipline on the continent. Thereby, shortchanging the continet and widening the knowledge gap.
I am MEX
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Public administrations have been subjected for decades to intense pressures aimed at improving their performance (budget deficits), but at the same time, they also have the obligation to better serve the needs of citizens and create public value in increasingly digital environments. Based in your experience, I would like to know your opinions to know if you have seen an improvement both in terms of effectiveness and efficiency of public services in your countries. Thanks in advance for your answers.
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Ideas linked to the Digital Government provided greater speed, efficiency and transparency.
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My dependent variable is performance of safety task by Health and safety officer ( where NO= 0 is non performance and Yes= 1= performance making variable binary )
and the independent variable is sector the health and safety officer is employed in (this is measured using nine categories of responses numbered from 1-9) each number represent sector for instance 1= agricultural, 2 contraction. 3= manufacturing, 4= communication,5= education, 6= mining,7= wholesaling,8= public administration and 9= transportation.I am using SPSS
One of the Odds Ratio is 786489514775 and another is 2889553982.064.....What is the cause of this extremely large OR? and are they plausible?....how can i correct them?
Thank you
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Hi Michael
As Your independent variable is categorical, I guess, You have dummy coded it into 8(?) single variables and calculated an OR for each one of them.
How many cases does Your data set contain? How does the data look, when You compare the outcomes for each group? At first glance I wouls suspect, there might be some groups, that have a very low cell count, e.g. almost only 0 or 1 as an outcome.
Best regards
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In most Mexican cities, public administrations use street furniture as propaganda, painting with the color of their political party every change of government. In terms of urban landscape, these behaviors do not create conditions of quality of public space, identity and attachment to the place by the inhabitants
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n Poland, nothing like this happens.
It is a democratic country and the regulations from 2015 regulate the issues of advertising in public space
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So there is this 'two communities' theory / metaphor arguing that academics and policy makers are from separate communities, with distinct languages, values, and reward system, and that leads to limited knowledge use (Caplan 1979, Dunn 1980).
Although criticized by many (e.g. Bogenschneider and Corbett 2010, Jacobson 2007) it still in my opinion is a good story / starting point for analyzing determinants / context of knowledge use in public administration.
I wonder if you could point me to some other examples of alternative theories / metaphors that could serve the same purpose. Let me specify that I'm not asking for sources enlisting factors / determinants of knowledge / evaluation use or models consisting - again - of factors, but something more like a story / perspective (sth like two communities:)
Regards, TK
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Good Day, Thomasz. The below paper ' Effectuating Tacit and Explicit Knowledge via Personal Knowledge Management Frameworks and Devices' utilizes and references sources which differentiate (e.g. Wierzbicki A.P. and Nakamori Y. (2007a) Creative environments: Issues of creativity support for the knowledge civilization age, Springer Publishing Company) between the academic and business world but also point to cumulative synthesis as a common ground methodology (e.g. Usher, A.P. (2013) A history of mechanical inventions (Revised ed.), Courier Corporation). see: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326877071
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If you are a police officer, teacher, nurse, occupational therapist, fire fighter, social worker, doctor, accountant, administrator, youth worker, childcare worker, auditor, paramedic, HR officer, procurement officer, solicitor or have any other role in the Welsh public service your help would be very much appreciated!
I’m a research student at the University of South Wales studying a doctorate in business administration. My area of interest is the relationship between self-awareness and leader effectiveness and how this changes across different job levels across the Welsh public service.
I'm looking for anyone who is employed in any of the Welsh public service organisations to help me with my study.  It would involve completing a quick questionnaire which would take a maximum of 15 minutes.  
Please drop me a line and I'll send you a link to the questionnaire
Thank you
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am not living in Kenya.thanks
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I am ahmad hosseini and i have 23 years of experience as a faculty member in the field of management in Iran. I am very interesred to take part in the projects & researches in the fields of public administration ,business management & entrepreneurship. If anybody knows any university or institution that are willing to cooperate with me, i would be glad to be informed
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Hii. I am doing research in the field of Project risk management. We can do some collaborative research work that would be mutually beneficial.
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Digitalization in public administration and not least urban planning is gaining momentum. More and more data gets available and tools and methods advance and get digitized. I was wondering if digitalization (or the digital transformation) will impact urban planning practice in the sense that we will focus more and more on details, while loosing a sense for the big picture. But there could be also other concerns like for example a standardization (there are pros and cons for that of course) or a loss of creativity (while probably enabling new ways of creativity).
Has anybody done research on how planning practice changes due to digitalization?
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This is how I conducted such research, including analyzing the Land Use technical specification. t shows that only the Netherlands has solved the key problem. The paper plan does not have to be the only document anymore. The digital zone plan is just as accurate and is the equivalent of a paper plan. In other European countries, the document is still a document. Standardization brings many benefits, but the most for those countries that have long had a stable land use classification (France, Germany, the Netherlands). The authors of the Land Use specifications were the representatives of these countries, and therefore the standards contained in this specification are the most consistent with their model of the zoning plan. The standards of the European land use classification for national classification have not been mapped in these countries. Apparently, work is continuing to improve the adaptation of the European HILUCS classification to the needs of other countries and integrated planning. The very idea is very good, provided that there is a type of a stream plan in a given country, consistent with other instruments of spatial policy. In my opinion, it is ideal in this area in the Netherlands. A well-functioning development policy is very important for the development of the country. If economic domination is combined with spatial planning, then the country and territory data develops better. The 1: 5000, 1: 50,000 scale is important.
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Prezados pesquisadores...
Trabalho atualmente em Gestão e manutenção de Infraestrutura Hospitalar e intenciono melhorar meus conhecimentos na área.
Agradeço se tiverem indicações de faculdades com bons cursos ou mesmo artigos e publicações que aplicam a engenharia nos ambientes de saúde.
Obrigado.
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Boa tarde.
Muito obrigado a ambas.
Vou acessar os sites e avaliar a compatibilidade dos programas com meus objetivos.
Atenciosamente.
Carlos.
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There are studies and reports (WCO, OECD etc) regarding this question. Can you please suggest or share publications/articles about ethics in public administrations in general and particularly in customs administrations? Your valuable comments are also welcome. Thanks in advance...
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Dear Karl and Dena, thank you very much for your valuable comments.
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Modern public administration science has a history only of more than hundred years. Do You agree that this period lacks fundamental public administration theories if compare with political science, sociology, economics?
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The science of public administration is a science of a different specificity, a different kind of research than other social sciences - political sciences, sociology, economics. These fields of sciences can not be compared directly, because there are significant differences in research methodology, subjects, etc. The science of public administration is determined mainly by the specificity of organization and development of public administration institutions in a given country. On the other hand, such social sciences as sociology, economics have a more universal, timeless and more than national character in practically every aspect of research, analytical, research methodology, research objects and developed theories, laws, dependencies, conclusions, confirmed research theories, etc.
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Considering public administration continuous efforts to follow and serve public purposes and needs, covering comprehensive areas and wide variety of sectors, how to ensure the most convenient approach to research, measure, redefine or redescribe, so to ensure the most suitable "tailor made" solutions, meeting specific needs and expectations.
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Thank you all for your knid answers and experiences, knowledge and insights sharing. Following to my study and (hopefully future) PhD in this area, believe that in the next few months will prepare a kind of research set, in order to cover not only public administration feedback, but also experts and professionals in this area, so, please feel free to contact, comment, ask or suggest any idea, proposal and/or experience. Am aware of the public administration national, cultural, etc. specific needs (as I work in public administration also and cooperate with EU institutions daily). Furthermore, am sure that cultural dimensions, organizational culture, as well as individual characteristics, play the critical role, particularly from the HR aspect. Best regards, Darko Lugonja
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Can my first degree in Political Science make me relevant in Public Administration department?
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Public Administration is a child of Political Science, therefore Political Science is macro in nature because it deals with the state and systems of government and its bureaucracy, while Public Administration is micro in nature because it deals with the people or the bureaucrats who serve as the machinery of the state.
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I need suggestions on relevant topics.
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Information technology services affect policies in Public Administration Policy
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I am looking out for theories and empirical cases that provide prima facie evidence that subordinates in most cases emulate or mimic the actions, behaviors and practices of their leaders.
I came across this framework leadership-subordinate ethical diffusion framework in  this article "Public sector leadership‐subordinate ethical diffusion conundrum: perspectives from developing African countries" published by Journal of Public Affairs.
I am looking out for other relevant theories as well as practical cases from other context
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critical cultural issues Dr Alshibly
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Thank you for your feedback Apetogbo,
Best regards.
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Hi,
To which academic fields does the quality certification of universities and higher education schools belong to? Quality management ? Management of public administrations? Educational Sciences ? Thanks in advance.
update: I'm juste looking for academic works / journals about that kind of certifications (framework, theory etc), not the pratical implemetation that depends on universites and ministries
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Please go to 'Google" and type "University and school accreditation and certification pdf", you may be able to find some useful material.
Best wishes!
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Thank you Whyeda,
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US, 65, male, conservative, veteran, university professor. He may well surprise the world. He can be compared to Theodore Roosevelt who believed the US had a great future and believed in a strong nation that considered its self interests. Time will tell.
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Thank you Jordi. Best regards.
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Thank you for your input Imran. Best regards.
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Questionnaires on perceptions about mental illnesses anyone?
Any suggestions?
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Here is a research proposal that includes a questionnair on mental health:
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Please advise and give reference where possible
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In addition to the above, Osborne (2006) summarizes and other levels in the bid to describe NPG. See attached.
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Thank you once more Christopher. Best regards.
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Thank you for your answer Jaime Cuauhtemoc Negrete. I would thank you even more if you would leave your country of origin, age and sex, so I can better contextualise your answer.
Best regrads.
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Specifically, are income/sales taxes more responsive to economic ups/down than property taxes? I.E., when the economy experiences a downturn, is it legitimate to say that sales/income tax revenue collected by a government would be impacted more quickly than property taxes?
Any sources would also be much appreciated!
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Based on some articles, these key words have been emphasised in the field of public administration and management.
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Change in Organizations; Open Systems; Innovation in organizations; Risks and Barriers to Innovation; Change Management; Sources and Forms of Organizational Change; The Resistance to Change; Leadership and the Process of Change; Culture and the Process of Change; Modernization and Innovation in Public Administration; Administrative Reform; Public Management Reform Model of Pollitt and Bouckaert; Public Management Reform Strategies (Distance; Reinforcement of Control; Modernization; Competition Strategy and Minimization Strategy)
Hope it helps.
Best regards.
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 Recent main issues and questions about ethics in public Administration
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I work as municipal sport manager in a Spanish municipality. From my view, there is a lack of trainning on ethics at universities and it must be wide extended the use of public indicators about transparency in all public services (i.e. those adopted by Transparency International and others specifically ajusted to each public service). Moreover, the personal and professional background of a "good manager" must be primarly based on ethical priciples more than technical skills. 
Regards, 
Daniel
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Advancement of Human Rights is one of the key features of Good Governance which e-government seeks to promote. Governments are mandated to keep people informed and also provide quality public services for them which can be made effective and efficient through the deployment of ICT. Therefore, what model best describe the above and suggest literature on the linkage.
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One way is through fire & disaster management. That is, through the environment, a number of natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, fire occurs which calls for the necessity of information from e-governments to protect its citizens from abuses.  
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It is also the responsibility of law enforcement to seek out and identify potential victims through awareness initiatives and investigations.
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Mr. Kumar: I'm just going to jump in to support Marcel on this question, and to add some additional thoughts.
Your question: How does law enforcement learn of potential cases to investigate" is dependent upon the jurisdiction, the scope or remit of the law enforcement agency, their relationship with the community and NGO's as well as the scope of their ancillary investigations.
I will provide you some examples that I'm familiar with.
Drug trafficking investigations.  Having identified frontline dealers, Drug Officers undertake wiretap and surveillance operations to move "up=stream", during observations on the target at a motel, they notice large numbers of young women and middle aged males moving in and out of the same rooms. The investigation moves from just drugs, to drugs and human trafficking.  Following awareness of the crime, the investigative team moves into the reactive/intelligence model that Marcel has detailed above.
Money laundering and fraud: A series of banks have been defrauded in the region, all the suspects are young women who come into the bank with a relative (cousin) who help them apply for a bank account and credit card.  Large amounts of purchases are made and the "suspect" disappears. Bank video shows that the accompanying male is the same person for a number of "suspects". Fraud investigators along with Surveillance officers identify the target, who is using trafficking victims as fraud "fronts" as well.  The money laundering and fraud investigation moves to include human trafficking. Another reactive/intelligence led example.
Labour dispute: A member of the public witnesses an assault on a male office cleaner in a building and police attend. The victim is evasive, the assault suspect reports that it was just a disagreement in the workplace.  Officers concerns are raised and they ask detectives to attend.  The victim has limited English language skills, so an interpreter is brought in.  The victim doesn't have any identification documentation, can't provide details about their abode, their arrival, their employment agreement.  Additional workers are interviewed and a pattern starts to emerge.  The assault suspect and "company" owners are brought in for investigation. This falls into the reactive investigative model.
Sex Trafficking/Forced Prostitution:  Organized Crime investigators have been made aware of a criminal enterprise that is utilizing trafficking victims through a "Strip" club and local hotel.  Undercover officers are gathering evidence, but have identified trafficking victims that look like that have been violently assaulted.  Members of the criminal organization have a history of violence, and investigators are concerned that the months of surveillance required to gather sufficient evidence may result in serious harm to the victims.  The investigative team contacts the municipal licencing office, the national tax enforcement agency, and the regional labour regulatory agency and the liquor regulatory agency. All of these agencies are coordinated with the police investigations and undertake an immediate series of investigations on the location, resulting in a suspension of the liquor service permit, a suspension of the business licence, and labour "cease and desist" order.  As a result, the criminal organization is disrupted, investigators and NGO's work with victims to secure their recovery and the business is closed.  However, insufficient evidence is gathered to criminally prosecute the suspects, however, they are subject to a series of fines from other agencies and their business enterprise is closed.  This is an example of the disruptive investigative model.
While these are some examples that I've seen, human trafficking investigations can stem from a broad range of occurrences; simple assaults, labour disputes, frauds, domestic violence, overdose, weapons offences, drug trafficking, etc.  In some jurisdictions, human trafficking awareness has escalated to the point where citizens may see the signs of trafficking in an interpersonal interaction and notify the police; in some cases that victim has reached the point where they are willing to report it to the police; and yet in others, the police uncover the crime through the investigation of another offence.
I hope that has some value in your inquiry.
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Is my research well defined ? and what possible specific research questions should I consider ?
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At some point, I think you will have to decide whether you want to look at transparency as an independent or a dependent variable.  If as an independent variable, you probably should think about what you think greater transparency could or should accomplish, outline the mechanisms through which you think transparency might influence your dependent variables.  For example, full transparency in budgeting should reduce the level of government corruption, say in contracting, because it would make clear what the costs are for what services provided by whom, and if the government was paying much more for a service than it seems that it could, it would look suspicious...full transparency might increase public confidence that tax money was being spend in accordance with the budget or with national needs, and would reveal the priorities of the government, that is, proportionally, how much of the money is going to defense, or to historic preservation, or child health.  Possibly transparency could reduce the level of public alienation.  Full transparency in governmental reporting--say making inspector general reports public--should, could or might increase accountability.  If you cannot come up with a likely mechanism linking transparency to your dependent variables of interest, you should omit those dependent variables from the analysis.  Or do a different study of the determinants of the dependent variable you are most interested in.
The same kind of logic should apply if you use transparency as your dependent variable, what variables might influence the degree of openness and transparency and how do they operate, through what mechanisms?  To me, these questions are less obvious, the research topic is wide open, waiting for eager researchers.  You might have to look at variations in openness that have occurred in the past and see if you can ferret out what might have been involved in those cases, and then design a study around those independent variables to see how they work.  
Irene
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