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Psychosomatic Medicine - Science topic

The purpose of this group is to share cases, experiences and all things related to psychosomatic medicine
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Publications related to Psychosomatic Medicine (3,759)
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Research Proposal
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Call for Papers: Special Issue on “Evidence-Based Psychosomatic Medicine", Psychosomatic Medicine Research. 征稿:《心身医学研究》“循证心身医学” 英文专刊(发起人:吴一波;联合客座主编:陈社英,美国佩斯大学;蔡政忠,莆田学院医管系)
Book
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Body mentalization, psychosomatic medicine
Article
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Background Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is a rare autosomal dominant disease, which requires differential diagnosis from relatively common primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in order to avoid unnecessary surgery. Case presentation A 16-year-old female had been followed by the department of psychosomatic medicine at our institution. T...
Book
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Collective monograph Psychosomatic Medicine 2022 with the subtitle What psychosomatics and psychotherapy intersect in? deals with current issues of psychosomatic medicine with emphasis on therapy and the importance of psychotherapy in the therapy of psychosomatic patients. This is related to the question of competencies, ie who is authorized in pra...
Article
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Objectives This study aimed to determine the relationship between frequently used patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures and a multi-task performance outcome (PerfO) measure of general physical function (PF) and to examine the association of these measures with depressive mood, pain, and age. Methods Frequently used PRO measures of general PF (Pa...
Poster
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In recent years, the number of days of incapacity to work and health-related early retirement due to mental disorders have increased significantly. Medical-occupational rehabilitation (MBOR) was developed with the aim of improving the occupational participation chances of particularly severely impaired persons by taking greater account of individu...
Article
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Background Heart-focused anxiety (HFA) raises the risk for adverse outcomes in patients with heart disease. Despite this great importance, it is rarely assessed in clinical practice. Three dimensions are commonly defined in the context of HFA: heart-related fear, avoidance, and attention. The impact of these aspects on cardiac risk factors is essen...
Article
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Background Personality functioning, also referred to as structural integration, describes basic emotion-related perception and regulation capacities directed towards the self and others. Patients with impairments of personality functioning experience difficulties in self-regulation and interpersonal relations. Although personality functioning has b...
Poster
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Background: Stress mindset, defined as the extent to which an individual believes that the effects of stress are either enhancing or debilitating, has been found to be a relevant parameter in experimental studies addressing the physiological stress response. Measures of heart rate variability (HRV) are negatively correlated with other established s...
Conference Paper
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Hintergrund: Der Return on Investment (ROI) ist eine betriebswirtschaftliche Kennzahl, bei der der sog. Nettonutzen durch die Kosten geteilt wird. Ist ROI > 1, so haben sich die investierten Kosten „gelohnt“. Während v.a. die Psychosomatische Rehabilitation auf eine längere Tradition gesundheitsökonomischer Analysen zurückblicken kann, finden sich...
Conference Paper
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Hintergrund: Angebote im Rahmen der medizinisch-beruflich orientierten Rehabilitation (MBOR) sind inzwischen in vielen Kliniken Standard. Die Rahmenbedingungen hierfür sind im MBOR-Anforderungsprofil definiert. Während die Umsetzung der Anforderungen regelmäßig durch Visitationen überprüft wird, liegen wenig Informationen darüber vor, wie diese MBO...
Article
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Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the Neuro-Integrative management of a 42-year-old female patient with chronic low-back and leg pain.
Article
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In diesem Artikel versuche ich auf der Grundlage des zuvor beschriebenen “Four Chamber Model“ einen erweiterten Begriff der Psychosomatik zu entwickeln: Wie schon bei Aristoteles und Galenus wird von einer Dreiteilung des Seelenlebens ausgegangen. Rein formal werden die Teile “Subjective A und B“ sowie “Objective A“ genannt. Der vierte Bereich (“Ob...
Thesis
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Zusammenfassung Laut statistischen Befunden der deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik und Nervenheilkunde leiden im Jahr 2021 deutschlandweit 27,8 % der erwachsenen Bevölkerung an psychischen Erkrankungen. Mentaler Stress hat zudem durch die gegenwärtigen Auswirkungen der Corona-Pandemie und der verstärkenden Urba...
Article
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Avoidance behaviors are shaped by associative learning processes in response to fear of impending threats, particularly physical harm. As part of a defensive repertoire, avoidance is highly adaptive in case of acute danger, serving a potent protective function. However, persistent or excessive fear and maladaptive avoidance are considered key facto...
Article
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Periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are often difficult to treat. Therefore, we established a so-called “Extremity Board (EB)”, a weekly collaborative case discussion round of all medical disciplines involved in the treatment. These include members of the department of trauma surgery, clinical microbiology, infectious diseases, diagnostic radiol...
Article
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En este artículo revisamos la vida y obra de Carlos Alberto Seguín (1907-1995), uno de los psiquiatras más representativos del Perú, que contribuyó a difundir los saberes psicológicos y promovió el desarrollo de la medicina psicosomática en América Latina y planteó ideas originales en campos como la psiquiatría social y la psicoterapia, desde persp...
Article
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Although previous cross-sectional studies suggested significantly dysregulated immune response in alexithymia, there is a lack of longitudinal studies. We sought to determine the reliability of the reported relationship between alexithymia and decreased immune response in a longitudinal study. Thirty-eight healthy women who had participated in a cr...
Research
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Research Employee Position in Frankfurt, Germany Für unser Forschungszentrum Depression suchen wir zum 01. Februar 2022 in Teilzeit (26h/Woche) eine/n Wissenschaftliche/n Mitarbeiter/in (m/w/d) in unseren Büros in Frankfurt am Main in der Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie des Universitätsklinikums der Goethe-Universität. Der...
Article
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The objective of this study was to describe the styles of adult attachment and alcohol consumption in young adults, measured through the CaMir-R test and the AUDIT questionnaire, analyzed under the InfoStat statistical program, respectively. Based on a sample of 167 young adults, men and women, between the ages of 18 and 32. The results show that 8...
Article
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Psychosocial factors play an important role in non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This observational study is primarily aimed at assessing the relationship of psychological characteristics of patients with the outcomes of different NCDs, and to assess short-term psychotherapy (STP) efficacy in the real world. Methods: One hundred and forty patients...
Cover Page
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Ängste, Stimmungserkrankungen und Suchtproblematiken sind epidemiologisch gesehen die häufigsten psychischen Erkrankungen. Es gibt dazu unzählige Behandlungsmanuale, wirksamkeitsstützende Therapiestudien und Leitlinien. Jeder psychosomatisch orientierte Arzt oder Therapeut kennt eine Fülle von Patienten mit derartigen Problemen, die er bereits beha...
Article
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Objective: To analyze the adverse experiences lived in the childhood by people with chronic musculoskeletal pain, based on psychoanalytic psychosomatics. Methods: Qualitative research, developed with 20 people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and who were receiving physiotherapeutic treatment at a clinic in the countryside of the state of São P...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Der Wiesbadener Internistenkongress 1949 war Bühne für eine heftige Kontroverse zu Fragen der Methodik, Epistemologie und Evidenz in der psychosomatischen Medizin. Paul Martini, Internist und Protagonist methodisch durchgeführter klinischer Studien, kritisierte in diesem Kontext die Methodik psychosomatischer Wissensproduktion und b...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Auf dem Wiesbadener Internistenkongress von 1949 forderten Alexander Mitscherlich und Viktor von Weizsäcker eine Erweiterung des naturwissenschaftlichen Kausalitätsbegriffs um die Suche nach dem Sinn von Krankheit in der Lebensgeschichte. Hiermit wurde ein traditionelles psychiatrisches Paradigma infrage gestellt: die vermutete soma...
Article
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The most common negative consequences of trauma exposure are depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, both of which are promoted by personality type-D in the form of negative affectivity and social inhibition (Denollet et al. Psychosomatic Medicine, 8(12), 749-756, 2008; Vibhakar et al. Journal of Affective Disorders, 255, 77-8...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Anhand von Alexander Mitscherlichs Plädoyers für eine Psychosomatische Medizin werden dessen epistemologische Neupositionierungen in den 1940er, 1950er und 1960er Jahren untersucht. Sie eröffnen den Blick auf die Auseinandersetzung von Psychiatern, Internisten und Psychotherapeuten um valides und handlungsrelevantes Wissen in der Na...
Article
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Background Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) is a tool that can be used to visualize and evaluate the burden of suffering caused by an illness. The aim of this study was to identify which aspects of the burden of chronic pain patients are associated with Self/illness separation (SIS), an indicator of the magnitude of suff...
Technical Report
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Abstract Hintergrund: Die primären Zielsetzungen der Requamo-II-Studie liegen in der Überprüfung der Effektivität stationärer Rehabilitation und der Entwicklung eines Outcome-Index, der die Vielschichtigkeit des Outcomes auf der Basis einzelner Ergebnisaspekte abbilden soll. Die vorliegende Arbeit fokussiert die Methodik der Studie sowie Patienten...
Book
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Die gegenseitige Durchdringung von Psyche und Soma zeigt sich besonders deutlich im Gefühlsleben. Timo Storck und Felix Brauner beleuchten systematisch das Verhältnis von Körper und Gefühl aus trieb- und objektbeziehungstheoretischer, abwehrbezogener, relationaler und interdisiziplinärer Perspektive. Sie arbeiten die Bedeutung der Negativität für d...
Book
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Doing Health: Chinese and Other Perspectives. In ancient China, health was related to the individual person and their unique life. Both medical and philosophical texts testify to this: Maintaining vitality in the course of one’s own lifespan was a priority. Daily caring for one’s health revolved around Qi 氣 – a universal medium that is at the same...
Article
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A patient experienced classic ciguatera symptoms (1,2) after consuming a lobster containing calcified capsules, but no toxins. The symptoms were therefore psychosomatic. Some of the complex and diverse symptoms reported in ciguatera intoxication may be due to psychosomatic symptoms, not just variations in the type and amount of toxins. Williams, E...
Article
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Background: Patients with chronic schizophrenia present cognitive impairment, which affects their social function and prevents them from reintegrating into society. Yijinjing is a traditional Chinese aerobic exercise that has a putative psychosomatic effect on improving cognitive function. Methods: From January to May 2021, 40 patients with chronic...
Article
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Background: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the healthcare system in general and psychosomatics in particular were forced to change counseling-specific services and break up established structures. At the beginning of 2020, phone as well as videotelephonic counseling options had to be quickly established. Methods: Patients (n = 278) of the department...
Article
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АННОТАЦИЯ В настоящем обзоре представлен анализ ситуации, которая сложилась в медицинской науке после бурного развития психосоматической медицины и ее очевидных притязаний на общемедицинскую пара-дигму. История исследования психосоматической проблемы не внесла ясности в вопросы понимания этио-патогенеза и клиники психосоматических болезней. Пробле...
Article
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This article reflects on the need for psychosomatic medicine research in the field of surgery by complementing psychological/psychiatrist approaches with a physician's (particularly surgeon's) point of view. Focusing on esthetic/cosmetic surgery, a broader notion of "psychosomatic surgery" is also used regarding plastic surgery as well as examples...
Preprint
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Background Severe acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) has an excessive mortality rate. As a result, many centers, including our own, have allowed transplant listing patients for transplantation prior to achievement of 6-months sobriety. Concurrently, scoring systems have been proposed to identify patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) predisposed to...
Conference Paper
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To create a fruitful therapeutic alliance in psychosomatic treatment it is needed to accept the clients individual experience of symptoms and sydromes. For this a five step process in for the communication consultation is described with implications for the therapeutic role, approach and instruments.
Book
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Yoga is one of the oldest and most comprehensive soteriological traditions, which has developed a vast arsenal of physical and mental techniques geared to? gain control over the nervous system in order to achieve, at will, conscious and supraconscious states of transcendence. In order to appreciate the unique contribution of Yoga to our understan...
Article
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Objectives: It has been recommended that all candidates for lung transplantation undergo pre-transplant psychosocial evaluation for risk assessment. However, psychosocial issues are only important if they correlate with outcomes after transplantation. Methods: In this prospective study patients who were referred for lung transplantation from 2016 t...
Preprint
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Using ultra-brief hypnosis in the treatment of conversion disorder: a naturalistic study Aims. Patients with Conversion Disorder (CD) present neurological symptoms which cannot be explained by a somatic dysfunction, usually appearing in the context of a conflict. These symptoms are perceived as involuntary and involve a hindrance in functioning, wh...
Article
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Estas notas tienen como objeto situar teóricamente el concepto de fenómeno social total. Este concepto apunta hacia una teoría de las relaciones del individuo y el grupo o-dicho en una perspectiva más "clásica"-hacia una teoría de las relaciones entre psico-logía y sociología. El concepto de fenómeno social total no puede ser pensado si no se movil...
Article
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Angesichts der mit problematischem Alkoholkonsum verbundenen gesundheit lichen Risiken sowie sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Folgen ist er eine bedeutende Herausforderung für die medizinische Grundversorgung. Wie kann ein risikorei cher Alkoholkonsum frühzeitig diagnostiziert werden, und welche Interventionen erweisen sich im hausärztlichen Setting a...
Article
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Thomas Aubel Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik und Suchtmedizin, Essen, GermanyCorrespondence: Thomas AubelKliniken Essen-Mitte, Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik und Suchtmedizin, Henricistraße 92, Essen, 45136, GermanyTel +4920117430005Email T.Aubel@kem-med.comAbstract: Schizophrenia i...
Method
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This is a Spanish version of the Perth Alexithymia Questionnaire (PAQ). It was translated from the original English version by Rodrigo Becerra, David Preece, Carmen Gloria Baeza, and Ana Maria Fernandez. This Spanish translation has been validated and published in Frontiers in Psychiatry (Psychosomatic Medicine Section).
Article
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Zusammenfassung In diesem kleinen Beitrag versuchen die Autoren, beide aus dem Bereich der pädiatrischen Psychosomatik kommend, ihre Erlebnisse bezüglich der Medizin, die sie bei einer Weltreise 2019 hatten, darzustellen. Dabei geht es um den Maismenschen ebenso wie um die Kraft der Göttin des Vulkans. Die Anwendung auf unseren Erlebniskreis ist sc...
Article
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This study aimed to conduct a bibliometric analysis of published studies on the association between coronary heart disease (CHD) and depression or anxiety. The study also aimed to identify leading authors, institutions, and countries to determine research hotspots and obtain some hints from the speculated future frontiers. Publications about CHD an...
Article
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Background Graves’ disease is characterized by hyperthyroidism and its symptoms often overlap with those of panic disorder, which may make it difficult to distinguish between the two conditions. In this report, we describe how proper diagnosis of thyroid disease in patients with mental illness can lead to appropriate treatment. Case presentation W...
Chapter
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Psikosomatik Bozukluklar, mevcut bir tıbbi hastalığın varlığında kısmen duygusal faktörlerden kaynaklanan fizyolojik değişiklikler ile karakterize bozukluklar olarak tanımlanabilir. Psikosomatik bozukluklar kardiyovasküler, solunumsal, gastrointestinal, endokrinolojik, dermatolojik gibi çok çeşitli sistemlerde ortaya çıkabilir. Stresli yaşam olayla...
Article
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The increase in mental health problems and overweight issues in adolescents causes great concern. Therefore, the present study focused on depressive mood and investigated current prevalence numbers in pupils and trainees. Associations with weight status, body image, and health complaints were also examined.Methods Data of 1561 pupils and 1698 train...
Presentation
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In everyday life we take it for granted that we have conscious control of some of our actions and that the part of us that exercises conscious control is the conscious mind. Psychosomatic medicine also assumes that the conscious mind can affect body states, and this is supported by evidence that the use of imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback and other ‘...
Article
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The biopsychosocial model provides a useful perspective for understanding the development and characteristics of the COVID-19 pandemic and its anticipated long-term consequences for society as well as individuals. This article provides a biopsychosocial perspective on the COVID pandemic and an editorial comment on the articles in this Special Issue...
Preprint
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Background Graves' disease is characterized by hyperthyroidism and the symptoms of Graves' disease often overlap with those of panic disorder, which may make it difficult to distinguish between the two conditions.In this report, we describe how proper diagnosis of thyroid disease in patients with mental illness can lead to appropriate treatment. Ca...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Neue Medien wie Smartphone-Apps oder virtuelle Realitäten (VR) finden zunehmend Anwendung in der pädiatrischen Psychosomatik. In der Diagnostik liegen die Vorteile in der Erfassung von Daten im Alltag sowie in der realitätsnahen und zugleich standardisierten Erfassung mithilfe der VR. In der Behandlung lassen sich selbstadministrier...
Book
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Der vorliegende Band ist aus dem Diskussionsforum "Psychiatrische Sozialarbeit – eine vergessene Geschichte" hervorgegangen, das am 30. November 2018 im CityCube Berlin auf dem Jahreskongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik und Nervenheilkunde (DGPPN) stattfand. Ausschlaggebend für die Idee eines Gespräc...
Article
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La Medicina Psicosomática explora factores psicológicos, conductuales y sociales que influyen en la salud y calidad de vida del individuo. Desarrolla igualmente las habilidades y conocimientos utiliza-dos en la evaluación y manejo de los factores psicosociales que interfieren en el proceso de enfermar y sanar. La Psiquiatra de Enlace infanto-juveni...
Article
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Objective: Patients’ beliefs and emotions toward an illness can influence their coping responses, illness behaviors, adherence to treatment, quality of life, and even the psychoneuroimmune responses. The aim of present study was to develop and validate a novel questionnaire assessing both rational and irrational beliefs of patients regarding their...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Kinder und Jugendliche, deren Geschlechtsempfinden von dem bei der Geburt festgelegten Zuweisungsgeschlecht abweicht und die unter ihren als nicht stimmig empfundenen Geschlechtsmerkmalen leiden, sind heute in der Öffentlichkeit, aber auch im medizinisch-therapeutischen Versorgungssystem wesentlich präsenter als noch vor einigen Jah...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Hintergrund: Die primären Zielsetzungen der Reha-QM-Outcome-Studie II (Requamo-II-Studie) bestehen in der Überprüfung der Effektivität stationärer Heilbehandlungen und der empirisch basierten Entwick-lung eines Outcome-Index zur qualitätsorientierten Zuweisungssteuerung. Die vorliegende Arbeit fokus-siert Aspekte der medizinisch-ber...
Article
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PurposeWe previously reported three cases of portal hypertension in patients with prolonged anorexia nervosa (AN) with laxative abuse and self-induced vomiting; we now report a fourth, similar case.MethodsA 34-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa, binge-eating/purging type (AN-BP), presented to the Kohnodai Hospital National Center for Global Healt...
Article
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Background: Heart diseases are the main reasons of death in the developed countries. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the patterns of pain intensity and psychosomatic symptoms among cardiac patients. Methods: This is a descriptive study and the statistical population included all the cardiac patients who were admitted to an...
Article
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Background: Stress is a major risk factor for the impairment of psychological well-being. The present study aimed to evaluate the empirical evidence of the Transactional Stress Model proposed by Lazarus and Folkman in patients with psychosomatic health conditions. Methods: A structural equation model was applied in two separate subsamples of inp...
Article
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Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: A pszichoszomatikus medicina területéhez tartozó betegek ellátása rossz hatásfokú. Ez egyaránt jelentős terhet jelent a betegek és az egészségügy számára. Célkitűzés: A pszichoszomatikus tünetek és betegségek megjelenésének és ellátási ajánlásainak vizsgálata az irányadó hivatalos szakmai anyagban. Módszer: Az adatgyűjtés i...
Preprint
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Le cancer des organes sexuels chez une minorité de juifs ashkénazes un message à leur communauté contre la circoncision Les juifs ashkénazes représentent plus de 90% des juifs 1. Plusieurs enquêtes médicales 2, 3, 4 ont révélé qu'une minorité de deux à quatre pour cent d'entre eux (contre 0,2% pour la population générale) héritent d'une mutation gé...
Article
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Objective PTSD is increasingly recognized following medical traumas although is highly heterogeneous. It is difficult to judge which medical contexts have the most traumatic potential and where to concentrate further research and clinical attention for prevention, early detection and treatment. The objective of this study was to compare PTSD preval...
Chapter
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As natural medicine dwindled toward the end of the nineteenth century, new perspectives emerged enabling science to deal with why a person becomes ill. This change took place in view of the presence of a scientific, philosophical, and cultural humus. Psychoanalysis, philosophical anthropology, and particularly the expansion of neurology played a un...
Preprint
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Background Graves' disease is characterized by hyperthyroidism and the symptoms of Graves' disease often overlap with those of panic disorder, which may make it difficult to distinguish between the two conditions. In this report, we describe how proper diagnosis of thyroid disease in patients with mental illness can lead to appropriate treatment. C...
Article
Full-text available
Consultation–liaison psychiatry (CLP) manages psychiatric care for patients admitted to a general hospital (GH) for somatic reasons. We evaluated patterns in psychiatric morbidity, reasons for referral and diagnostic concordance between referring doctors and CL psychiatrists. Referrals over the course of 20 years (2000–2019) made by the CLP Service...
Article
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The most common eating disorders (EDs) according to DSM-5 are anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). These disorders have received increasing attention in psychiatry due to rising prevalence and high morbidity and mortality. The diagnostic category “anorexia nervosa,” introduced by Ernest-Charles Lasègue and Wi...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Die allgemeine Frage nach dem „Sinn des Lebens“ wird empirisch in Form von allgemeinen und personalen Lebensbedeutungen formuliert. In der Medizin erhalten Lebensbedeutungen eine relevante Tragweite bei einem Verlust von Sinn, der als krankheitsfördernd angesehen wird, v. a. aus psychosomatischer Perspektive. Fragestel...
Article
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The return to the biopsychosocial model of illness and health is the main motive of psychosomatic thinking, which was formed at the turn of the 20th century in Europe. Various representatives of psychoanalysis contributed to this process. Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler and Georg Groddeck, whose life and peculiar thinking are the main focus of this pap...
Article
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Psychosomatic medicine in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) - research questions, measurement instruments, selected resultsGoal: Main questions from the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) related to psychosomatic medicine are presented: (1) Prevalence and incidence of mental illnesses, (2) Sex-specific risk- and protective factors for mental health, (3) I...
Article
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The article is a thorough review of a textbook The Developing Mind; How Relationships and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are, 3rd Edtion, by Daniel Siegel. The review is published in the PSYCHOSOM, the Czech journal for psychosomatic and psychotherapeutic medicine, The journal is the main scientific and professional medium for the Czech communi...
Article
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Functional neurological disorders (FNDs), which are sometimes also referred to as psychogenic neurological disorders or conversion disorder, are common disabling neuropsychiatric disorders with limited treatment options. FNDs can present with sensory and/or motor symptoms, and, though they may mimic other neurological conditions, they are thought t...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Die heutige Psychodermatologie beruht auf dem biopsychosozialen Krankheitsmodell der Psychosomatik. Danach sind biologische, psychologische und soziale Faktoren auf verschiedenen Ebenen (von den Molekülen bis zur Biosphäre) durch komplexe, nicht lineare Interaktionen über den gesamten Krankheitsverlauf wesentlich an der Pathogenese...