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Article
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Crowd density, defined as persons per square meter, is a basic measuring unit for describing and analyzing crowd dynamics and for planning pedestrian infrastructure. However, little is known about the relationship between crowd density and psychological stress and well-being. This study uses an experimental approach to determine whether higher crow...
Article
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This qualitative field study is based on interviews with 20 experienced audit partners in France and documents the dialogical dimension of ethical deliberation in auditing. We ask: do audit partners consult each other when faced with an ethical dilemma at work? Who among their peers do they prefer to consult and why? Our analysis provides evidence...
Article
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Starting basketball/sports at young ages, participating in practices and games for years improves children in various subjects. Chronic exercise provides a physical and physiological improvement, while also supporting cognitive development significantly. The aim of this study is to apply some cognitive tests that we think reflects some cognitive sk...
Article
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The influence of the natural environment on emotional well-being has been highlighted at the peak of the Covid 19 pandemic that saw most countries impose prolonged total lockdowns and movement restrictions on their citizens. While researchers have recently emphasized the need to focus not only on students’ academic achievement but also on their inn...
Article
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This article describes Advanced Training Institutes (ATIs) and workshops on psychological experimentation conducted via the Internet. These programs, conducted since 2002, presented instruction that evolved over the decades to reflect changes in Web-based methods and techniques. The need for instruction in the methods and methodology of Web-based r...
Article
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A frequently recounted narrative about the history of the scientific study of emotion moves quickly from the 19th century pioneers, Charles Darwin and William James, to the 1960s when the cognitive turn and basic emotions approach reemerged. The early-to-mid 20th century is often passed over as a period of behaviorist domination where little substa...
Article
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The theoretical and practical development of social pedagogy was influenced by many social, economic and cultural factors (e.g. industrial and cultural revolutions), which took place in Europe and America in the 19th century. In turn, in 1908 Helena Radlińska created the scientific bases of social pedagogy in Poland and initiated its disciplinary d...
Article
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Recent studies have considered the practical aspect of professional and pedagogical competence formation of students of pedagogical specialties as future managers of the educational environment. Aim of the research is to develop theoretical foundation, methodology and psychological experimentation of psychological and pedagogical conditions for for...
Article
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In two studies, we examine the test-retest reliability and factor structure of the computerized Tower of London (TOL) and Go/No Go (GNG). Before analyses, raw results of variables that were not normally distributed were transformed. Study 1 examined the reliability of a broad spectrum of indicators (Initial Time Thinking, ITT; Execution Time, ET; F...
Preprint
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Different aspects of attention can be assessed through psychological tests, in order to identify stable individual or group differences as well as alterations after interventions. Aiming for a wide applicability of psychological assessments, Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) is an open-source software system for designing and running c...
Article
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Background In recent years, psychological studies with virtual reality have increasingly involved some eEmbodiment tTechnique (ET) in which the users’ bodily movements are mapped on the movements of a digital body. However, this domain is very fragmented across disciplines and plagued by terminological ambiguity. Objective This paper provides a sc...
Article
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Web surveys are an integral part of the feedback of Internet services, a research tool for respondents, including in the field of health and psychology. Web technologies allow conducting research on large samples. For mental health, an important metric is reaction time in cognitive tests and in answering questions. The use of mobile devices such as...
Article
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This book was written to address the gap between problems of system design and the results of theoretical research in the study of cognitive psychology, experimental psychology, and human performance. Many of the built human-machine systems do not work optimally due to forced demands or requirements on humans as users, which is not in accordancewit...
Article
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The study of higher cognitive processes often relies on the manipulation of bottom-up stimulus characteristics such as exposure time. While several software exist that can schedule the onset and offset time of a visual stimulus, the actual exposure time depends on several factors that are not easy to control, resulting in undesired variability with...
Article
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An important aspect in safety–critical domains is Situational Awareness (SA) where operators consolidate data into an understanding of the situation that needs to be updated dynamically as the situation changes over time. Among existing measures of SA, only physiological measures can assess the cognitive processes associated with SA in real-time. S...
Article
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White matter (WM) alterations have been identified as a relevant pathological feature of Huntington’s disease (HD). Increasing evidence suggests that WM changes in this disorder are due to alterations in myelin‐associated biological processes. Multi-compartmental analysis of the complex gradient-echo MRI signal evolution in WM has been shown to qua...
Article
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How have our visual brains evolved, and exactly how did this constrain the specific way that animals were depicted in Upper Palaeolithic art? Here, we test predictions derived from visual neuroscience in this field. Using the example of open-air Upper Palaeolithic rock art of Portugal’s Côa Valley, we point out the frequently recurring outline stra...
Technical Report
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My PhD Thesis entitled ‘Functional Systems of the Human Brain involved in Body Knowledge' conducted at the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University and defended at the Pierre and Marie Curie University on the 7th of November 1995 -Chapter II of my Doctoral Thesis, appeared in pre-print form in pages 52 to 68 written in English, and subseq...
Article
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Context: Motor Imagery based Brain-Computer Interfaces (MI-BCIs) enable their users to interact with digital technologies, e.g., neuroprosthesis, by performing motor imagery tasks only, e.g., imagining hand movements, while their brain activity is recorded. To control MI-BCIs, users must train to control their brain activity. During such training,...
Article
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Simple reaction time (SRT) is the minimum time required to respond to a stimulus; it is a measure of processing speed. Our study aimed to determine the variation in visual SRT with time among individuals of the same gender and between genders. We carried out a prospective, parallel group, pilot study involving ten male and ten female medical studen...
Preprint
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Extended Reality (XR) technology - such as virtual and augmented reality - is now widely used in Human Computer Interaction (HCI), social science and psychology experimentation. However, these experiments are predominantly deployed in-lab with a co-present researcher. Remote experiments, without co-present researchers, have not flourished, despite...
Article
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Both oxidative and psychological (mental) stress are the likely culprits for several acute and chronic health disturbances, and adequate tests mimicking that are needed. Herein, in controlled laboratory surroundings, a PEBL (Psychology Experiment Building Language) test battery was used to evoke stress-related biological responses followed by track...
Article
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Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in identifying feelings and expressing emotion verbally. Recent evidence has shown the influence of alexithymia on moral judgments/decisions, however, the underlying cognitive processes associated with the influence remain largely unknown. Here, we addressed this issue by bridging lit...
Article
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate neurocognitive function in patients with panic disorder (PD) in comparison with healthy individuals and to determine whether there was a relationship between neurocognitive function, childhood trauma, and clinical symptoms in PD patients. Method: A total of 31 healthy individuals and 26 patients with...
Chapter
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The chapter presents a critique of “psychologism” as a “style of reasoning” that has dominated disciplinary psychology from its inception and set the course for how psychological phenomena are made intelligible and investigated. Styles of reasoning comprise distinct disciplinary frameworks for scientific argumentation that set the terms for how phe...
Article
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New computer technologies, like virtual reality (VR), have created opportunities to study human behavior and train skills in novel ways. VR holds significant promise for maximizing the efficiency and effectiveness of skill learning in a variety of settings (e.g., sport, medicine, safety-critical industries) through immersive learning and augmentati...
Article
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Background: Patients with Major Depressive Disorder experience significantly reduced subjective Quality of Life (QOL), including impaired social and emotional functioning and greater fatigue and physical pain. Mounting evidence suggests that cognitive dysfunction (e.g., deficits in memory, executive function) contributes independently to the onset...
Article
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Digital badges (i.e., digital credentials for achievements) have been suggested as a useful and scalable implementation of gamification. Digital badges (hereafter “badges”) provide two potential supports for learning: (1) badges provide support for motivation by rewarding achievement and (2) badges provide implicit learning goals. The present paper...
Article
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Traditionally, conceptual thinking is explored via philosophical analysis or psychological experimentation. We seek to complement these mainstream approaches with the perspective of a first person exploration into pure thinking. To begin with, pure thinking is defined as a process (how we think) and differentiated from its content (what we think ab...
Article
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This study examined the contributions of low-, mid- and high-level visual motion information to vection. We compared the vection experiences induced by hand-drawn and computer-generated animation clips to those induced by versions of these movies that contained only their pure optic flow. While the original movies were found to induce longer and st...
Poster
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The exponential growth of data in many research fields means that revolutionary measures are needed for data management & accessibility. Both government regulations and scientific standards encourage open archival of research data, and the most popular avenue for sharing research data are online repositories. Most of the online data archives (e.g....
Article
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Virtual reality (VR) is a promising tool for expanding the possibilities of psychological experimentation and implementing immersive training applications. Despite a recent surge in interest, there remains an inadequate understanding of how VR impacts basic cognitive processes. Due to the artificial presentation of egocentric distance cues in virtu...
Article
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Electroencephalographic (EEG) activity in the gamma (30–80 Hz) range is related to a variety of sensory and cognitive processes which are frequently impaired in schizophrenia. Auditory steady-state response at 40-Hz (40-Hz ASSR) is utilized as an index of gamma activity and is proposed as a biomarker of schizophrenia. Nevertheless, the link between...
Preprint
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The Restorative Justice and Applied Behavior Analysis Alliance International’s Individual Functional and Psychological Assessment Protocols are applications of indirect, psychological, experimental, and descriptive analysis technologies. It is a study used to create a behavioral and psychological profile, sometimes called an FBPA, on the student. T...
Article
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Objective: To observe the effects of a fast-acute ascent to high altitude on brain cognitive function and transcranial doppler parameters in order to understand the physiological countermeasures of hypoxia. Methods: 17 high-altitude-naïve male subjects (mean age was 26.3 � 8.1 years) participated in the study. We measured Critical Flicker Fusion Fr...
Article
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In this review paper, we discuss how the overarching concept of prehabilitation is applicable to alcohol dependence. Central to prehabilitation are the concepts of expected harm, risks, and proactive planning to eliminate the harm or cope with the risks. We review the evidence from animal models, psychological experimental studies, as well as pharm...
Chapter
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Attention is a research field that has produced, since its beginnings, a growing interest involving areas of apparently different investigations, among which: philosophy; branches of psychology, such as developmental psychology, social psychology, experimental psychology; areas of cognitive science, such as artificial intelligence and the simulatio...
Article
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All experimenters know that human and animal subjects do not respond uniformly to experimental treatments. Yet theories and findings in experimental psychology either ignore this causal effect heterogeneity or treat it as uninteresting error. This is the case even when data are available to examine effect heterogeneity directly, in within-subjects...
Conference Paper
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Electroencephalography (EEG) is a non-invasive technique that provides an accurate measure of neurophysiological functions during different brain tasks and conditions. Applications of this technique are very important since they allow researchers to explore a wide number of domains where it is interesting to understand the different neural events....
Chapter
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The paper analyses the methodology of economic lab experiments on human behaviour in the light of Barad’s ‘agential realism’. Experimenters conventionally think that experiments identify properties that human individuals have, independent from the experimental setting (the ‘preferences’ or ‘values’, etc.), so that lab results generalize for the ent...
Conference Paper
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EEG and psychological (heart rate,EDR,blood pressure,frontalis emg,skin temperature) data on somatizers seen in the EVMS , Behavioral Medicine clinic.Minor paroxysmal EEG dysrhythmias were seen in abundance and showed robust relationships to clinical presentation and psychological experimental stress induction.
Article
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Background: Cognitive and psychosocial dysfunction are prevalent and disabling features of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Emerging evidence suggests that poor cognitive functioning mediates the negative effect of MDD on psychosocial function. However, there is a lack of research examining the domain-specific nature of this relationship. The curre...
Article
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In order to evaluate the associations between computer-administered tasks of executive functioning (EF), and maladaptive personality domains and traits listed in DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders, 53 consecutively admitted psychotherapy outpatients (female participants: n = 27, 50.9%; male participants: n = 26, 49.1%; participants’ m...
Chapter
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An unmade bed. A cigarette glued to the wall. A replica of a soup can box. Drippings on a canvas. Can an evolutionary approach help us understand the production and appreciation of, sometimes perplexing, modern and contemporary art? This chapter attempts at this by investigating two hypotheses about the evolution of human aesthetics in the domain o...
Chapter
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The past decades have seen the rapid growth of empirical and experimental research on comics and visual narratives. In seeking to understand the cognition of how comics communicate, Visual Language Theory (VLT) argues that the structure of (sequential) images is analogous to that of verbal language, and that these visual languages are structured an...
Article
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Brain research is one of the most significant research areas of the last decades, in which many developments and modern engineering technologies are applied. The electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain activity observation processes are very promising and have been used in several engineering research fields. Objective: The main goal of this researc...
Conference Paper
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Analyzing human behavior in organizational structures becomes more difficult due to a rising complexity of teamwork processes and interdependencies between team members. The pa- per proposes an interdisciplinary approach of agent-based model- ing and laboratory experiments from organizational psychology to overcome the shortcomings of each discipli...
Book
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The term "technology" has different meanings, including windows and walls surrounding premises, advanced automation, computer systems, and ICT such as mobile phones, e-mail, voice mail (PDAs), pagers, and the Internet. Technology has been ubiquitous in today's society and in all aspects of our world. Our own lives require the use of technology. Ove...
Article
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Abstract Experimental Psychology defines a period of the autonomy of Psychology as Science and a movement of ideas that radiates from Europe to the United States in the temporal arc that can be placed between 1870 and 1930. The evidence required for a clear disciplinary independence will demand a whole field of experience, an object, instruments of...
Article
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This article concerns the modelling of time-varying and frequency-specific relationships between two signals, with a focus on intracerebral signals measuring neural activities. Many researchers in neuroscience would like to assess what is called a frequency Granger causality that may vary in time to evalute the functionnal connections between two b...
Article
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Background Social media, defined as interactive Web applications, have been on the rise globally, particularly among adults. The objective of this study was to investigate the trend of the literature related to the most used social network worldwide (i.e. Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Snapchat, and Instagram) in the field of psychology. Specifically...
Article
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Have you ever noticed that in watch advertisements the time is usually set at 10:10? The reasons and psychological effects of this default time setting are elusive. In Experiment 1, we hypothesized that watches showing a time setting resembling a smiling face (10:10) would enhance emotional valence and intention to buy compared to a neutral time se...
Conference Paper
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To cite: Костригин А.А. Умозрительная и интроспективная психология в России и Российском зарубежье в конце XIX – первой трети XX века // Философия науки и техники в России: вызовы информационных технологий: сборник научных статей / М-во образ. и науки РФ, Вологод. гос. ун-т ; под общ. ред. Н.А. Ястреб. – Вологда : ВоГУ, 2017. – 400 с. С. 135-138 E...
Article
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Background: Assessment of children’s motor control is very important in detecting potential motor deficits. Finger tapping test (FTT) is a widely used test in various clinical and non-clinical populations. FTT is a neuropsychological test designed to measure motor control. Age and gender are significant predictors of finger tapping speed in school-...
Article
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This paper challenges the historiographical discontinuity established between earlier "anthropometric testing" and the arrival of "psychological testing" with Binet and Simon's intelligence test in 1905. After some conceptual clarifications, it deals with "word association": a kind of psychological experimentation and testing which became popular o...
Article
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Previous studies showed that learners’ retrieval process in tests is one of the significant aspects for enhancing the process of learning. The effectiveness of retrieval process can be utilized as a second language learning strategy. The knowledge reconstruction from retrieval process and learner’s performance may depend on retrieval cues. Retrieva...
Conference Paper
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Jedne od glavnih citatnih baza podataka (Citation DataBases - CDB) u svetu su: SCI-E u oblasti prirodnih i primenjenih naučnih disciplina, SSCI u oblasti socijalnih naučnih disciplina i A&HCI u oblasti umetnosti i humanitarnih naučnih disciplina. Za 2015. godinu, unutar SCI-E sve naučne oblasti prirodnih i primenjenih naučnih disciplina razvrstane...
Article
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A growing body of leadership literature focuses on leader and follower identity dynamics, levels, processes of development and outcomes. Despite the importance of the phenomena, there has been surprising little effort to systematically review the widely dispersed literature on leader and follower identity. In this review we map existing studies on...
Article
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The paper analyses the methodology of economic lab experiments on human behaviour in the light of Barad's 'agential realism'. Experimenters conventionally think that experiments identify properties that human individuals have, independent from the experimental setting (the 'preferences' or 'values' etc.), so that lab results generalize for the enti...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigated the modulating effects of antihistamines— Loratadine, Fexofenadine, Meclizine, and Chlorpheniramine on cognitive (executive function, memory, attention, emotion regulation), mood, psychomotor performance, and sedation in healthy human volunteers. Twenty healthy volunteers received Loratadine 10-mg, Fexofenadine 120-mg, Me...
Article
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p>Introduction: Current diagnostic criteria for depression include psychomotor retardation, being the Finger Tapping Test (FTT) as one of the most utilized instruments to assess fine psychomotor performance. Method: This study aimed to compare the performance of a sample of 51 unipolar depressed patients (30 women and 21 men, with a mean age of 45...
Thesis
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This dissertation will explore conspiracy theories from a psychological viewpoint—both theoretically and empirically. Conspiracy theories are introduced here as a phenomenon relevant for many aspects of entertainment, history, popular culture, society, politics, and ideology. The phenomenon is defined and discussed, with its epistemic characteristi...
Poster
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Alterations in executive functioning are frequent in depressed patients, being common the appearance of working memory difficulties, being the Digit Span and Corsi Block one of the most utilized paradigms to assess it. This study aimed to analyze the performance of a sample of 44 unipolar depressed patients (30 women and 14 men, with a mean age of...
Article
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Is it acceptable and moral to sacrifice a few people's lives to save many others? Research on moral dilemmas in psychology, experimental philosophy, and neuropsychology has shown that respondents judge utilitarian personal moral actions (footbridge dilemma) as less appropriate than equivalent utilitarian impersonal moral actions (trolley dilemma)....