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Psychological Treatment - Science topic

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Publications related to Psychological Treatment (10,000)
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We aimed at mapping the meta-analytic evidence base on the efficacy of psychological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in specific populations. We conducted a systematic search until January 2022 in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PTSDpubs, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for metaanalyses of randomized controlle...
Article
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This study aimed to relate three types of egoism satisfaction infrastructure in psychotherapy: a) the patient's capability to understand what the therapist says at a given moment or the condition of the patient's mental state in terms of their egoism stability, b) the self-esteem and confidence the therapist has accumulated through personal life ex...
Article
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Background: Anxiety and depression in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are associated with greater morbidity, mortality, and increased healthcare costs. Current psychological interventions within CR have small effects based on low-quality studies of clinic-based interventions with limited access to home-based psychological support. We tested the effect...
Article
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Objective In this study, we aimed to identify the themes that should be addressed when adapting mental health treatments for adults with a visual impairment. Method A Delphi study was conducted among 37 experts, including professionals, persons with a visual impairment, and relatives of clients with a visual impairment. Results The Delphi consult...
Preprint
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Psychotherapy is demonstrated to be beneficial for most patients with minor and major psychological problems such as depression, schizophrenia, mood disorder, and anxiety. Patients may not respond to psychotherapy. However, how to deal with such clients is decided by their psychotherapists, and it is unclear when they should terminate the psychothe...
Article
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Alopecia is associated with significant psychological burden. There is limited evidence on the use of psychological interventions in conditions of hair loss. This manuscript systematically reviews the current state of literature on psychological treatments for quality of life, mental health, and hair growth in various forms of alopecia. PubMed and...
Article
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Background In many health care systems, primary care is tasked with offering psychological treatment for common mental disorders. Resources are often limited, which complicates widespread dissemination of traditional psychological treatments. Stepped care models where the less resource-intensive interventions are delivered first, can be employed, b...
Article
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Background Patients’ expectations, as a central mechanism behind placebo and nocebo effects, are an important predictor of health outcomes. Yet, theoretically based generic assessment tools allowing for an integrated understanding of expectations across conditions and treatments are lacking. Based on the preliminary 35-item version, this study repo...
Article
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Background: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent with high rates of comorbidity. Single disease protocols have been the predominant choice of psychological treatment, however, there has been an increasing focus on transdiagnostic, shared mechanisms. Unified protocol is an emotion-focused CBT that addresses core vulnerabilities by training individ...
Article
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The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a significant change in the way healthcare is dispensed. During the pandemic, healthcare inequities were experienced by various sections of society, based on gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. The LGBTQ individuals were also affected by this inequity. There is a lack of information on...
Chapter
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1. Los tratamientos psicológicos y su impacto 2. Abordaje psicológico de la conducta suicida en adultos 2.1. Terapias psicológicas con apoyo empírico 2.2. Intervenciones psicológicas breves con apoyo empírico 2.3. Componentes comunes de los tratamientos psicológicos eficaces para adultos 2.4. Implicaciones para la práctica profesional 3. Abordaje...
Preprint
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Background Visual impairment (VI) with comorbid mental disorders (MDs) are expected to have a major impact on people’s daily functioning, for which tailored support is needed. However, this has been barely investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to (1) determine the impact of VI and comorbid MDs on functioning in essential life domains, (2) gain...
Article
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Background Providing adequate living conditions for forcibly displaced people represents a significant challenge for host countries such as Germany. This study explores refugee mental health’s reciprocal, dynamic relationship with post-migration living conditions and social support. Methods The study sample included 325 Arabic- or Farsi-speaking a...
Article
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Background: Mental health care has been enriched with the progressive use of technology during the last ten years, in particular after the COVID-19 pandemic. Mobile applications (apps) and smartphones have become the most widespread access point for many people who look for self-help in the psychological domain. Objective: We focused on a system...
Article
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Despite the fact that perceived stress is related to abstinence smoking outcomes, no studies have investigated the mediational effect of specific tobacco-related variables on this relationship. This study aimed to explore the indirect effect of perceived stress on abstinence at the end of treatment through smoking urges. The sample comprised 260 tr...
Preprint
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Background Insomnia is common in the general population and is a risk factor for ill-health, which highlights the importance of treating insomnia effectively and cost-efficiently. Cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as first-line treatment due to its long-term effectiveness and few side-effects, but its availability is...
Article
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Introduction Emotional disorders are the most frequent mental health problems globally. To ensure the dissemination of psychological treatments for these conditions, novel forms of delivery (e.g., Internet or mobile apps) and more scalable forms of psychotherapy (e.g., transdiagnostic interventions) have become increasingly popular. Research, howev...
Article
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Introduction Suicide is a deliberate attempt to take one's own life. Suicidal behavior among adolescents and young people, a significant global public health issue, is under-researched, particularly in developing nations like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of suicide attempts and their determinants among school-aged...
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Don't Let Them Down Reduced cultural tolerance and increased racial tension continues to percolate and permeate throughout todays' social climate, but for many Black folks this hostile environment is nothing new. Many of those currently serving as Americas elected legislators have resorted to tactics that were initiated and utilized during reconstr...
Article
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This paper, which is one of the few in the world dealing with this topic, presented the psychologist's work based on the concepts of mentalization and internal working models (IWMs) of attachment, with an adolescent girl who was prone to nonsuicidal self-injury. Gaga, a student in the first grade of high school, had visible scars from cutting her h...
Article
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The current narrative review summarizes and examines several theories of panic disorder (PD) including biological theories, encompassing neurochemical factors, metabolic and genetic theories, respiratory and hyperventilation theories and cognitive theory. Biological theories have informed the development of psychopharmacological treatments; however...
Article
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We study individual decision making in a lottery-choice task performed by three different populations: gamblers under psychological treatment (“addicts”), gamblers’ spouses (“victims”), and people who are neither gamblers or gamblers’ spouses (“normals”). We find that addicts are willing to take less risk than normals, but the difference is smaller...
Article
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z Psikolojik tedavi sırasında bireylerin kaygıdan etkilenen bilişsel hatalarının azaltılmasına yönelik uygulamalar kişinin günlük yaşamını sürdürmesinde kolaylaştırıcı bir etkiye sahip olabilir. Bilişsel hataların günlük yaşamda odaklanma, bellek gibi alanlarda sorunların azalması için önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Covid-19 ile ilişk...
Article
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Background: The psychological treatment of comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) is clinically challenging, and outcomes are often poor. Objective: This paper describes a systematic review and meta-analysis which sought to establish the current efficacy for a number of established psychological approache...
Article
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Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious mental disorder, which is associated with emotional and cognitive functioning problems. Psychological interventions, such as trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (tf-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are effective in reducing PTSD symptoms. Despite ev...
Article
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Background: Trauma-affected refugee patients benefit from psychological treatment to different degrees. Only a handful of studies has investigated potential predictors of treatment outcome that could throw light on the great variability in outcomes reported for this group. Such knowledge may be vital to better tailor prevention and treatment effort...
Article
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Background: Afghan refugees often face hardship and traumatic experiences before, during, and after migration and frequently suffer from mental health burdens. Evidence based psychological treatments for refugees mostly focus on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), however, refugees often suffer from a variety of general health problem...
Article
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Culture encompasses a person's lifestyle. Cultures vary greatly in their views on ideas, beliefs, customs, and practices. However, the cultural view of illness is a strong weapon that may be used to develop a belief about the etiology of any illness or disease. The study aimed to see the indigenous curing process of Mental Illness in Jalalpur Pirwa...
Article
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Introduction Scalable psychological treatments to address depression among adolescents are urgently needed. This is particularly relevant to low-income and middle-income countries where 90% of the world’s adolescents live. While digital delivery of behavioural activation (BA) presents a promising solution, its feasibility, acceptability and effecti...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper, which is one of the few in the world dealing with this topic, presented the psychologist's work based on the concepts of mentalization and internal working models (IWMs) of attachment, with an adolescent girl who was prone to nonsuicidal self-injury. Gaga, a student in the first grade of high school, had visible scars from cutting her h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Opium is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy. Opium addiction is the most prevalent addiction in Iranian society. During the last two decades "congress 60" a nongovernmental organization, has been performed a taper off treatment of opium associated with a package of psychological treatment group classes. Present study aimed to evaluate th...
Article
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In general, the remedies given to victims tend to neglect the psychological treatment of perpetrators. This study aims to make room for this handling, Genesis 4:13-16, which presents a dialogue between God and Cain, will be reinterpreted from the perspective of the Psycho-theology of Forgiveness according to Fraser Watts. In addition to avoiding th...
Article
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Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterised by marked impairment to one's physical health and social functioning, as well as high rates of chronicity and comorbidity. This literature review aims to summarise existing academic research related to the symptom profile of BN, the costs and burden imposed by the illness, barriers to the receipt...
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Background Problem anger is common after experiencing a traumatic event. Current evidence-driven treatment options are limited, and problem anger negatively affects an individual’s capacity to engage with traditional psychological treatments. Smartphone interventions hold significant potential in mental health because of their ability to deliver lo...
Article
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Background and aimsPatients with obsessive-compulsive (OC) disorder are impaired in disengaging attention from negative valence stimuli and show an attentional bias toward the right space. This pattern in OC disorder is similar to the impaired disengagement of attention from stimuli in the ipsilesional space as a consequence of a right-hemispheric...
Preprint
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Background Australia has one of the highest rates of methamphetamine (MA) use in the world; however, uptake of in-person psychological treatment remains extremely low due to numerous individual (e.g., stigma, shame) and structural (e.g., service accessibility, geographical location) barriers to accessing care. Telephone-delivered interventions are...
Article
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Nutritional psychiatry advancements are needed in understanding the effects of food nutrients on co-occurring psychiatric conditions particularly bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Food nutrients contribute to the increase and decrease of symptoms in psychiatric conditions. Bipolar disorder and PTSD are frequently co-occurr...
Book
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Este trabalho teve o objetivo de apresentar práticas que demonstrem tratamentos psicológicos dos transtornos alimentares em quatro abordagens psicológicas, apresentadas em artigos científicos, e que sirvam de suporte empírico da eficácia destas terapias. Para isto, abordou-se a definição e etiologia dos transtornos alimentares e a concepção teórica...
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Background The general aim of the study was to examine potential mediators and moderators in an adaptation of the Unified Protocol for Homeless Women (UPHW).Methods We conducted a secondary analysis in a sample of 80 homeless women participated in the study: 37 in the UPHW and 43 in the waitlist control condition. The assessment before and after th...
Article
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Introduction Breast cancer represents a traumatic experience with a psychological burden. The prevalence of psychological distress (which include depression and anxiety) among breast cancer patients is estimated to be 15 to 54%, but studies have shown that applying some psychological treatments has contributed to decreasing depression and anxiety....
Article
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Aims Bipolar disorders are clinically complex, chronic and recurrent disorders. Few treatment options are effective across hypomanic, manic, depressive and mixed states, and as continuation or maintenance treatment after initial symptom remission. The aim of this review was to provide an up-to-date overview of research on the efficacy, tolerability...
Article
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A Consensus Conference of clinicians, researchers, public health specialists and users was convened in Italy to review efficacy, effectiveness, treatment appropriateness and access to care for anxiety and depression, and to consider the role of psychological therapies. Expert opinion was sought concerning identification of people requiring psycholo...
Article
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Insomnia, which is characterized by persistent sleep difficulties in association with daytime dysfunction, is a common concern in clinical practice. Chronic insomnia disorder is defined as symptoms that occur at least 3 times per week and persist for at least 3 months. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) published recent guidelines on beh...
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Background: There is substantial variation in patient symptoms following psychological therapy for depression and anxiety. However, reliance on endpoint outcomes ignores additional interindividual variation during therapy. Knowing a patient's likely symptom trajectories could guide clinical decisions. We aimed to identify latent classes of patient...
Article
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Ischemic cardiomyopathy (CAD) is one of the main causes of mortality in Mexico and worldwide. Its development is related to psychosocial factors such as anxiety and coping styles in relation to illness and eating. Its development is related to psychosocial factors such as anxiety and coping styles in relation to the disease and nutrition. Therefore...
Article
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The alcohol-attributable disease burden is greater in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as compared to high-income countries. Despite the effectiveness of interventions such as health promotion and education, brief interventions, psychological treatments, family-focused interventions, and biomedical treatments, access to evidence-based care...
Article
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Functioning is recognized as a key treatment goal in alleviating the burden of schizophrenia. Psychological interventions can play an important role in improving functioning in this population, but the evidence on their efficacy is limited. We therefore aimed to evaluate the effect of psychological interventions in functioning for patients with sch...
Article
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Purpose The Swedish National Quality Register for bipolar affective disorder, BipoläR, was established in 2004 to provide nationwide indicators for quality assessment and development in the clinical care of individuals with bipolar spectrum disorder. An ancillary aim was to provide data for bipolar disorder research. Participants Inclusion criteri...
Book
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The goal of this book is to provide clinician with a view of pain psychology and evidence-based psychological treatment for it. This also includes a clinical tool kit of resources and a road map for further learning about pain psychology.
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Introduction Non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the main cause of viral non-suppression and its risk is increased by depression. In countries with high burden of HIV, there is a lack of trained professionals to deliver depression treatments. This paper describes the protocol for a 2-arm parallel group superiority 1:1 randomised contro...
Preprint
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Introduction: Traumatic memories are a core symptom of PTSD and stress-related disorders, as well as a transdiagnostic symptom found in many different mental disorders. There are effective psychological treatments for PTSD symptoms, but access to these specialized treatments can be difficult and expensive. One potential for treatment is the use of...
Article
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Emotional and psychological difficulties cannot fully be explained by disease-related factors in people with pulmonary hypertension (PH). This study examined the relationship between anxiety, depression, demographic, objective and subjective PH factors, and self-reported cognitive and behavioural processes, which have been associated with mood in c...
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Background Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) is a psychological treatment which aims to improve the neurocognitive processes that interfere with the daily functioning of individuals and has proven to be useful in the treatment of obesity. This therapy has been implemented in some countries as a co-adjuvant treatment for people with obesity, but i...
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Introduction: Patients with eczema suffer from high psychological burden, often caused and exacerbated by chronic pruritus, which leads to a vicious itch-scratch cycle. Although much of the literature focuses on treating the physiological factors that lead to pruritus, little attention has been given to the cognitive, behavioral, and social factor...
Article
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Background: Dropout from psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a notorious problem. We investigated whether treatment, treatment format, treatment setting, substance use exclusion criteria, proportion males, mean age, country, and other variables influenced dropout. Methods: From Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, Psycinfo and other...
Article
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Drawing on dynamical systems theory, we investigated whether within-persons-detected early-warning signals in momentary affect preceded critical transitions toward lower levels of depressive symptoms during therapy. Participants were 41 depressed individuals who were starting psychological treatment. Positive and negative affect (high and low arous...
Article
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Background Borderline personality disorder is a severe mental health condition characterised by a pattern of emotional instability, interpersonal dysfunction, disturbed self-image and impulsive behaviour, including self-harm. Symptoms of borderline personality disorder typically emerge during adolescence. Although there is compelling evidence in su...
Article
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Despite widespread public interest in problematic gaming interventions, questions regarding the empirical status of treatment efficacy persist. We conducted pairwise and network meta-analyses based on 17 psychological intervention studies on excessive gaming (n = 745 participants). The pairwise meta-analysis showed that psychological interventions...
Article
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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)is a very common psychiatric disorder occurring in an individual of any age, gender, or race who underwent trauma, with women being twice more at risk than men. It is generally seen more in American Indians, United States Latinos, and African American ethnic groups. A patient is diagnosed with PTSD if the sympto...
Article
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Avatar Therapy (AT) is a modern therapeutic alternative for patients with schizophrenia suffering from persistent auditory verbal hallucinations. Its intrinsic therapeutical process is currently qualitatively analyzed via human coders that annotate session transcripts. This process is time and resource demanding. This creates a need to find potenti...
Chapter
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A partir de la pandemia por Covid-19, los tratamientos psicológicos se debieron adecuar al contexto de aislamiento y distanciamiento social ofreciéndose a distancia, vía teleterapia. Por su parte, el formato grupal de administrar tratamientos psicológicos presenta una mejor relación costo- beneficio y su implementación a distancia puede reunir lo...
Article
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Background: Access to evidence-based psychological treatment is a challenge worldwide. We assessed the effectiveness of a fully automated aviophobia smartphone app treatment delivered in combination with a $5 virtual reality (VR) viewer. Methods: In total, 153 participants from the Dutch general population with aviophobia symptoms and smartphone...
Article
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Objective To analyze the association between the work context and the presence of Minor Psychiatric Disorders (MPD) in Civil Police officers from Porto Alegre, Brazil. Methods This is a mixed, sequential and exploratory study. The sample was constituted by 237 police officers for the quantitative stage, and 20 for the qualitative stage. General wo...
Article
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Introduction Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects 5% of children globally. In Australia, it is estimated that 4.1% of children and adolescents have ADHD. While research has examined the treatment and outcomes of children with ADHD attending public mental health services during their time in...
Article
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Although psychological treatments have been found to be effective for depression in adults, many individuals with depression do not actively seek help. It is currently unclear whether psychological treatments are effective among those not actively seeking help. Besides, little is known about the proportion of patients who completed a screening ques...
Article
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With advances in portable and wearable devices, it should be possible to analyze and interpret the collected biosignals from those devices to tailor a psychological intervention to help patients. This study focuses on detecting anxiety by using a portable device that collects electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration (RSP) signals. The feature extrac...
Article
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Background One of the most common compulsions in obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is repeated checking. Negative beliefs about memory ability have previously been shown to cause and to be predictive of checking behaviour. This suggests they represent an important belief domain that should be assessed and targeted in psychological treatments for...
Article
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Background An automated virtual reality cognitive therapy (gameChange) has demonstrated its effectiveness to treat agoraphobia in patients with psychosis, especially for high or severe anxious avoidance. Its economic value to the health care system is not yet established. Objective In this study, we aimed to estimate the potential economic value o...
Article
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Author(s): Mohammad Hossein Salemi*, Elham Foroozandeh and Mohsen Reisi Dehkordi Background and aim: One of the most important complications related to Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is mental disorders and memory errors. The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the situation of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Working Memory Impairment (WMI)...
Conference Paper
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A daily use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming a fact in many fields today, and two of them are psychology and social work. At the same time as AI systems are used for predicting psychological treatments and for decisions in social welfare, higher education has few AI courses for these professions. Moreover, there are several examples in t...
Article
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In an era of widespread mass marketing scams on the Internet, many victims have reported varying degrees of financial loss and psychological damage after encountering lottery scams and advance payment scams. Among them, the emotional damage to victims of online dating scams may be even more severe because the whole scam process involves mental atta...
Article
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Older adults often avoid seeking psychological treatment, thus challenging their ability to cope effectively with anxiety, stress, and depression. The current study aimed to compare the effects of a mindfulness intervention with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on measures of emotional distress and attitudes toward seeking mental health treatment...
Article
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Background In the context of COVID-19, NHS Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) and other children’s mental health services have faced major challenges in providing psychological treatments that (i) work when delivered remotely and (ii) can be delivered efficiently to manage increases in referrals as social distancing measures have b...
Conference Paper
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Compassion and mindfulness as a basis for psychological treatments is a stable monitoring of the current situation. Therefore, the present research examines the effectiveness of the educational package focused on compassion and mindfulness on increasing the tolerance of disturbance in depressed women. Using Morgan's table, 297 female heads of house...
Article
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Aims There is increasing evidence that brief psychological interventions delivered by lay providers can reduce common mental disorders in the short-term. This study evaluates the longer-term impact of a brief, lay provider delivered group psychological intervention (Group Problem Management Plus; gPM+) on the mental health of refugees and their chi...
Article
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Introduction COVID-19 pandemic has a significant impact on mental health including anxiety and depression and can weaken the immune system and make a person more vulnerable to the disease. Psychotherapy techniques have been effective in reducing these disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of dialectical behavior therapy o...