Questions related to Protected Areas
I gained a sample of 33 respondents who evaluated 13 dimensions of a topic surveyed.
21-level evaluation scale was used. As I understand, I should use some non-parametric tests like U Mann-Whitney to determine whether these results by each dimension are statistically significant or not. Which test(s) could you recommend to properly assess these results?
The survey issue is a restrictions' severity on human activities within 13 types of zones of protected areas (0 points - mildest restrictions, 20 points - most severe restrictions). Each respondent has been acquainted with these sets established by legislative acts.
I attached xslx file below.
Request for Polygon shape file protected areas of India, including the boundary of wildlife sanctuaries and National parks.
I created Buffers (shapefile) around several Points of Interest. Now i want to calculate how much of these Buffers-Areas overlap with other Polygon-Shapefiles (e.g. Protected Areas, Military Areas). My goal is to have a Percentage Value for each Buffer that expresses how much of it is a protected Area. I think it would also help me to have an absolute (Area-) Value of the intersecting Polygons (e.g. Buffers + Protected Areas).
Does anyone know about a tool I could use to accomplish that? Or is there an easier way to get what I want without doing it separately for each Buffer?
I have more than 1000 Buffers and i do not have the time to treat them separatly.
Also my created Buffers do overlap.
I am would be happy about any hint or tip :)
I want to measure the level of "agreement" between two methods that measure protected area management effectiveness. On the one hand, I have the results of qualitative evaluations ranging from very low to very high. On the other hand, I have values of the Human Index Footprint in those protected areas (0-100). The results of this index are classified in the same categories: from very low to very high. Is weighed kappa a good choice?
Hi everyone, I'm making an index that requires the use of protected area categories to be ranked in terms of their abilities to protect threatened species.
The categories are:
- Category Ia: Strict Nature Reserve.
- Category Ib: Wilderness Area.
- Category II: National Park.
- Category III: Natural Monument or Feature.
- Category IV: Habitat/Species Management Area.
- Category V: Protected Landscape/Seascape.
- Category VI: Protected area with sustainable use of natural resources.
In terms of actual biodiversity conservation the order of these categories seems to be a bit arbitrary. How would you rank the IUCN Protected Area Categories from highest to lowest protection for threatened species? I have searched numerous sources and all of them seem to have had the same complaint, and suggest the categories should be revised, but don't actually provide any recommendations on the proper order.
Any help appreciated!
Based on your experience, what tools do you consider the most effective in the information and awareness activities of the communities in the area of a natural park: public debates, informative materials, mass media channels, social media channels.
What are the elements of success in a public debate?
Could you suggest me relevant studies in this field?
I have inventory data set of vascular plants using systematic distribution and two data sets for large mammal species, 1. camera trap data set and 2. rangers' SMART patrol data set. My objectives are;
1. to find relationship between species richness of vascular plants and large mammals
2. to compare distribution of 3 herbivores in different species richness of vascular plants and forest composition (structure, density, canopy coverage, etc.)
Wildlife electrocution and animal-vehicle collisions in East Africa's protected areas are among the major causes of wildlife losses. Significant number of wildlife has been lost in all 3 major East African countries.
Which protected-area planning strategies can avert these wildlife resource loss?
I have a research for calculation residence time of climate change in protected areas in Turkey. I am using R and here is my code. But I have some problems and get error like ‘‘In [.data.table(RT, , :=(v, raster::extract(vel, pg, small = TRUE, : Column ‘v’ does not exist to remove’’ and my results like on the picture. My PA polygon shp file exported from Arcmap. and use code like below. I use this code https://github.com/JorGarMol/VoCC/blob/master/R/resTime.R with my own protected area shp file exported from arcmap. But I have a problem olsa when I plot the data protected area is not overlap with the climate velocity map there is 90 degrees and mirror problem. I put the result map on attachment. Could you please give any recommendation.
gVoccfile <- brick("D:/Climate_Velocity/temp_Vocc/Dist_VoCC_TR/tas_y_dist_CNRM_4.5.nc", varname="tas_y_dist")
CNRM <- sumSeries(gVoccfile, p = "2000/2100", yr0 = "2000-01-01",nlayers(gVoccfile),fun = function(x) colMeans(x, na.rm = TRUE),freqin = "years", freqout = "years")
# temporal trend
vt <- tempTrend(gVoccfile, th =20)
# spatial gradient
vg <- spatGrad(gVoccfile, th = 0.0001, projected = FALSE)
# climate velocity
v <- gVoCC(vt, vg)
vel <- v[]
# Calculating area internally
MPbuffer<- readOGR( "D:/Climate_Velocity/temp_Vocc/Dist_VoCC_TR/mp/Buffer_MP.shp")
a1 <- resTime(MPbuffer, vel, areapg = NA)
# Using the area field from the polygon data table
a2 <- resTime(MPbuffer, vel, areapg = as.numeric(as.numeric(levels(MPbuffer$Area_km2))[MPbuffer$Area_km2]))
# Using a user defined polygon
x_coord <- c(-28, -20, -20.3, -25.5)
y_coord <- c(60, 61, 63, 62)
p <- Polygon(cbind(x_coord, y_coord))
sps <- SpatialPolygons(list(Polygons(list(p),1)))
a3 <- resTime(sps, vel, areapg = NA)
plot(MPbuffer, add = TRUE)
plot(sps, add = TRUE)
Dear RG Colleagues,
I hope you're doing well.
In my region, I noticed that an area contains a very rich flora and fauna biodiversity. I am trying with a team to establish a complete inventory within a year.
My question is what are the main steps to create a new protected area, whether at the scientific or administrative level.
Creating Protected Areas solution aims to increase the amount of conserved land by establishing new government protected areas, indigenous managed territories and private protected areas.
Hello everyone here, I am researching about the protected areas' effectiveness assessment,
My question is for example one protected area is built in year 2001, with MOD13Q1 data available since year 2000, how to better translate the effectiveness of 'protected area'? I know one of the method can be done that is the comparative analysis of 'before protected' and 'after protected', like: 2000-2001----before protected, 2001-2019: after protected, but for 'before protected' the length of time is just one year and this result is not objective enough. I want to know is there any good solutions to resolve this problem of the extremely short former period: 'before protected', is there any way or mainstream method to substitute this unreliable method?
I have a protected area which is built in year1985, now I have the Landsat yearly composite data starting from year 1984 but this protected area is hard to convince it's protection because 'before protected' is still with just one year difference.
Structural break in time series maybe would be of help, but how can I attain the 'before and after' built-up time for researching?
In this case, forest rangers (Respondent 1-Quantitative Data) and local community (Respondent 2-Qualitative Data) in a protected area.
In many countries, the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic have seen a large increase in visits to national parks and other protected areas as people try to escape urban areas for some fresh air and exercise. This has often then resulted in closure of facilities to limit crowding. At the peak of the epidemic, all human movement is usually restricted, with only key workers - medical, police, food etc. - able to move around freely. What happens to protected area staff then? In some countries, such as India, they are able to continue working, but there does not seem to be a general pattern. There is potentially a risk that locking out protected area staff would leave these sites unprotected, against vandalism, poaching, fires etc. Is there any evidence that this has happened in any country? This may seem a fairly minor concern at a time of widespread human tragedy, but we are going to need these areas when we get out of this and I would find it comforting to know that they and their protectors are getting the support they need. Keep safe!
I am looking to research on Environmental Planning and Development. The objectives to guide my research will help as well. Thank you for your support in this regard.
I am working on a mulitdisciplinary project focused on environmental behaviour and attitudes towards protected areas and we need literature about focus groups that would be accesible and clear for researchers of various backgrounds (sociology, social psychology, environmental economy). What would you recommend?
For my research, I am trying to find ecological, geographic, hydrologic, social, economic and political spatial/GIS data that is preferably free and easily available. I am especially interested in layers associated with protected areas, distribution of Adivasi populations, Adivasi owned / managed lands, watersheds, dams/roads/mines/embankments, land ownership, or any other data within these fields. I would greatly appreciate some inputs/recommendations/tips as the government data.gov.in website has been difficult to navigate and almost impossible to find data on and the bhuvan website also doesn't allow data downloads.
I have tried TerrSet but it didn't work properly, as It mainly works on urban sprawl. and my study area is free from anthropogenic activities like construction.
The respective PA has several herbivores but one of them is targeted species. and there is no migration. My targeted species is One-horned Rhino.
Dear researchers and experts
I am spending my military service time in the Department of Environment and 9 months remaining from 2 years (1). I am extremely enthusiastic about wildlife as they put me in this field. so I gathered all accessible and available data (approximately 100 cases) about the crop damage and livestock depredation by wildlife in this region (Anguran Wildlife Refuge and Protected Area, Mahneshan, Zanjan Province, Iran) from April 2015 to March 2019. as a part of national Iranian rules, If a wildlife damages the crops of a farmer, he/she could complain and the department should gather information about it. from March 2019 this law changed and there would be no new and additional data. As my main research area is about water, so, I need cooperation for working on these data and particularly publishing papers in this domain.
If anyone likes to contribute, Please contact me, I would be appreciated.
I am Edgar Caliento Barbosa, from the Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil, where I develop research on information sources used in protected area management plans around the world.
Unfortunately, I am not finding sufficient plans for protected areas in the country of India, so I am asking you for some help in indicating some sites or documenting sources that may contain such management plans in India.
Thanks for any assistance or advice.
I am pretty confused about the use of taxonomic diversity and taxonomic distinctness.
Taxonomic diversity can be defined as the average taxonomic path between randomly chosen individuals. It takes into consideration taxonomic differences and heterogeneity (species richness and evenness). Why should we not just decide to use taxonomic diversity instead of Simpson’s index/Shannon index when we know the taxonomy of each species? Moreover, isn’t calculating the taxonomic diversity across different areas more appropriate than other beta diversity indices such as Jaccard Similarity?
Taxonomic distinctness can be defined as the average taxonomic path between two individuals from different species. I don’t understand the point of this index. It doesn’t give us information about the heterogeneity (which taxonomic diversity does), but at the same time it is not an index of the how the different species are related taxonomically (which is delta+). Which information gives us? When is the use of taxonomic distinctness more appropriate than the one of taxonomic diversity?
Thank you for anyone who will help, I really appreciate it!
As the Specialist Group on Privately Protected Areas and Nature Stewardship, we are interested in developing a research agenda on privately protected areas (PPAs). We recognize that our IUCN Guidelines on Privately Protected Areas (privateconservation.net) raise as many questions as they answer. Our aim is to align our work with new research and, on the other hand, to point researchers to new opportunities that might feed into policy and practice.
Rather than design a survey, we seek your response to these simple questions:
- What do you consider to be the priorities for a research agenda on PPAs?
- What is the capacity for conducting research on PPAs? (That is, what academic institutions are engaged or interested in topics related to PPAs?)
- What are your research interests? Where do you see yourself/your institution in future research on PPAs?
- Why is research into PPAs attractive (or not attractive) to you?
I recognize these are broad questions, but at this early stage we want to provide scope for thinking from all disciplines and perspectives. We are interested in research at any geography or scale.
The specialist group will begin taking up the question of a research agenda next week, so we welcome your input soon. Your responses can be brief.
Please forward this request to others as relevant. Apologies for cross-postings.
Brent A. Mitchell Chair, IUCN-WCPA Specialist Group on Privately Protected Areas and Nature Stewardship
Senior Vice President, QLF Atlantic Center for the Environment
Partner, Stewardship Institute, (US) National Park Service
4 South Main Street, Ipswich, MA 01938 USA
Most of the aesthetic values are either measured in protected area system or some waht to similiar setting. Most researchers have used revelaed price especially concerning with tourism. Some places do not possess tourist attraction and if such place has to estimate esthetic value, is there practical way to measure on it?
In Greece, many islands and mountains are being developed as industrial mega-wind farms. This creates conflicts, especially when the projects are sited in protected areas and areas of outstanding aesthetic value or tourism interests. So I am interested in how to track this in Greece. Please can anyone help?
I am working on a project to help National Park rangers better patrol large protected areas. The idea is to be able to fly a drone over a patch of wilderness and using an IR camera to identify humans and animals. Thus rangers can be dispatched to investigate suspicious instances of close human and animal proximity.
I am having trouble finding an image/video data set of animals in IR, I would appreciate any leads!
Assess the state of conservation of natural resources and drivers to guide decision-making;
Analyze the conservation gaps of protected area systems in relation to their capacity to protect biodiversity and carbon stocks;
Propose participatory natural resource management tools adapted to socio-economic contexts
Preservation of endemic species and threatened species constitutes a very important part of the conservation of biodiversity. Most of the endemic species grow in protected areas or areas with greater human impact. Determination of biological, ecological, and proliferation of their features would contribute to raising awareness and educating students and people interested in conserving biodiversity in Albania and beyond.
The study will also affect the acquisition of a new and very important experience for our country as a country of democracy in development.
I collected data on small terrestrial mammals in two protected areas (PAs). In each PA I used Sherman's live trap to trap small mammals from three different land-use types. In each land-use type 20 experimental plots were sampled once with 40 traps. I also collected some environmental and habitat data at every other trap station.
In occupancy analysis what is the number of sites and occasions?
Apart from captive breeding, what other measures can the population of the globally threatened White Naped Mangabey identified in the Atewa Forest Range Reserve be recommended to produce viable populations?
I would like to set up the camera traps to monitor the breeding ground and estimate the adult crocodiles population in the protected area. The area is the saline brackish mangrove wetland and the camera traps are PIR sensors. As I have no experience in setting up the camera traps for crocodiles, is there anybody who have been working on that, please kindly suggest the references for reading or share your experiences? I would like to know which places and positions are the best and suitable in order to capture the crocodiles in wetlands.
Dear prominent research community,
I am doing a research on Co-management (CM) approach to natural resource management. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) endorsed the view that all social actors - supposedly are the government and community and others - could come to a situation where they can achieve a fair share of benefits from managing resources, mostly through negotiation.
I am reading quite a handful of articles to see if this approach has been successful in any region of the worlds, particularly where there is some maritime protected areas. But have not found much solid evidence.
If anyone could shed some lights for me or provide some articles to read, I would be much appreciated.
We feel that there should be only one well illustrated National Flora of a country.It should have maximum number of coloured photographs and it's price should be subsidised to the extend that people of all economic groups.
Then,all the provinces/ districts/protected areas must have checklists having maximum fotos.
Does anyone know or have someone developed any type of survey addressing social values (attitudes, beliefs, etc.) in relation to the interaction of human communities with wildlife (fauna)?
I would like to know details about their development and statistical data related to their results, and I am especially interested if the survey has been developed at regional or local level (in the area of a municipality, or group of municipalities belonging to some type of protected area, for example).
In the Canary Islands the presence of Pluchea ovalis has been confirmed on Tenerife, where it is an invasive species, mostly in the southern side of the island. This plant is spreading very fast from its introduction in the southwest (Adeje) some years ago, and at present is occupying even some protected areas. In any case, its main habitats in the mentioned island are road edges, small gorges, borders of ponds and dams, etc., but it shows a little expansion to good preserve sites also, and for this may supposes a big threat to natural vegetation.
As far as I am concerned, the protection of geodiversity worldwide is much "weaker" than biodiversity conservation. Why is this so considering that geodiversity significantly affects biodiversity. Recently, some changes are noted in higher attention toward geodiversity, but it is still far behind the attention given to biodiversity with incomparable more protected areas of biodiversity. In the studies of protection (national parks, other protected areas), usually the part that explores and evaluate abiotic factors (geodiversity including hydrography and climate) is very small compared to biotic ones. Any change in the latest time or in some countries?
Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites are an important component of environmental change research and generate unique datasets. However, in many countries (e.g. Brazil) each site uses different methodologies, generates different metrics and has distinct objectives. Moreover, there is very little replication, with LTER sites spread across biomes and ecosystems. In the absence of formal meta-analysis, which is practically unfeasible, is there a way to synthesize the results of these valuable and unique studies to guide policy and practice?
Greetings to everyone!
In Arcmap, I have a polygon layer of 22 polygons (Protected Areas).
I want to measure the distance between them.
So I want an output, which will be a table (excel for example), with the distances of my polygons (22*22 matrix).
How can I do this?
Even more, I want the distance within a certain area, so Eucleidian distance won't work. I have made a raster for my area with values:
1, if this cell is part of my area
NoData, if it is not.
And I want somehow to calculate the distances between my polygons, having this area as the "cost" surface.
Thank you in advance!
I am trying to assess various factors affecting the wellbeing of communities living around a protected area in Africa. I developed a set of eight wellbeing indicators for this assessment. I conducted a household survey and my sample comprised of more males (n=309, 84%) and fewer females (n=58, 16%).
In my analysis, I have included a number of factors including gender and age of respondent, employment, education, household size, receiving benefits from conservation and experiencing conflict with wildlife. My results indicate that education, employment and age of respondents influenced different wellbeing indicators. However, gender did not appear to influence any of the wellbeing indicators.
Could it be possible that my unequal numbers of male and female respondents affected the gender variable? Any literature to support or dispute this thinking?
We're working on moving towards using this terminology in protected areas planning but there are some questions about what it actually means when we say we're going to protect bio-cultural diversity (as opposed to just biodiversity, a term which has broader usage right now with Aichi Targets etc).
Hong Kong has bundles of literature outlining tree management and assessment criteria in an amenity / urban context that is mis-applied to trees in the protected area [PA] network (i.e. Country Parks, Conservation Area, SSSI). All the government publications (handbooks, technical circulars, now summarised in the Development Bureau's Tree Management Handbook (2016)) geared at protecting trees uses amenity criteria - even for "Old & Valuable Trees" (applicable to more urban locations). The local legislation for PA protection (in particular Cap. 499, Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance) uses habitat based or rarity based criteria (loosely based on the Ratcliffe Criteria), but has no specific rationale for assessing individual trees. This is a bit of an issue when developers try to take out particular trees in a development project in or bordering PAs, because the govt authorities responsible for legal enforcement of development often seem indifferent to conservation.
Does anyone have any pointers to global best practice &/or publications that are not arboricultural (i.e. forestry) or amenity/horticultural (urban) based, but looks at conservation and ecological criteria (e.g. keystone species, niches, micro-habitat) at individual tree level (not just populations or holistic habitat / system scale processes), please? Pointers to publications that compare the amenity and arboricultural approach to the conservation approach would be much appreciated.
Establishment of Protected Areas (PAs) are being very popular among the tropical countries to stem deforestation. But considering south and central Asia PAs are not showing the desired success. Is it time to review the concept of PA? Please suggest me research articles arguing the success stories of PAs which will allow me to have a more clear understanding and feel free to share your thoughts regarding this issue. Thanks in advance.
Dear Colleagues, I want to understand and determine scientific methods of analysing the effects of motor accidents on wildlife species whose habitat range across the highway road.
This would be to quantify the value of some Canadian national parks for the communities living around them. A case study would be fine.
Every protected area (nature reserve, national park etc.) that I know in tropical Asia has lost at least one species in the last 500 years: typically a rhino, the tiger or another big cat (lion, cheetah, leopard), and/or the elephant, plus a varying number of smaller species. Is there anywhere that still has all the native vertebrate species likely to have been there in the last 500 years? If there is I would guess it is most likely to be in India. Perhaps also on islands where the fauna was always fairly limited. Sulawesi?
Based on continuous habitat suitability values (from 0 to 1) for a butterfly species, I'm comparing different conservation strategies, that would output different possible networks of protected areas.
Based on the assumption that suitable habitat will be destroyed in unprotected areas because of high anthropic pressures, I would like to calculate a connectivity index for remaining habitat patches, based on different conservation scenarios. This connectivity index should take into account the distances among remaining habitat patches, but also their habitat suitability values.
Does such an index exist? If so, how to compute it?
I have three sampling sites i.e. protected area, grazing land and village land and I would like to include them as a covariate category in my occupancy and detection probability model with code name "SITES". How should I go about coding them. With two sites it would have been easy using a binary coding of "1" and "0". I would appreciate for any advice provided.
I am designing a study on how to establish a carrying capacity of an isolated habitat for the African elephants. The habitat support also the existence of giraffes, bushbucks, sitatunga, suni antelopes, chimpanzees, ververt monkeys, and black and white colobus monkeys. I need to know what are parameters required to be known and associated models. Welcome for improving my study. Thanks.
Oxybenzone is a highly damaging chemical with multiple damaging effects on coral reef populations. Present in many sunscreens and cosmetic products, it is however poorly legislated. An exception is Akumal, Mexico, where its use has been banned. However, no scholarly articles seem to be available comparing the relative health of the coral populations before and after the ban was made.
Swaziland's Biodiversity: I am currently working on compiling a dataset of all Swaziland's flora and fauna observations and collections. I am looking for anyone who has records of any flora or fauna from Swaziland which are currently not included in GBIF or SANBI datasets. The information we would need would be the basic record data (date, collector/observer, identification information, locality, latitude/longitude, and any other collection notes). The information will be used by the Swaziland National Trust Commission as part of a project to upgrade and expand the protected area network in Swaziland.
Just trying to understand if in literature there is a “concept” for difference among protected areas according to the “percentage” of rare and endangered species occurring in the area.
I’m trying to compare PA and I want to use also the rare and endangered species feature
In terms of poaching, hunting and illegal smuggling of wildlife species and its derivatives. Are we really able to protect them?
I need to create a simple map. However, I have been unable to find something simple, and hopefully free (it should have layers such as roads and protected areas). I have tried some applications such as map box and google map creator, but they are full of unnecessary layers. If you could suggest a mapping utility to create simple maps it will be greatly appreciated.
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (SWR) (305 sqkm) of Western Nepal, as a part of Terai Arc Landscape, the global priority tiger conservation landscape, has a significant role in tiger conservation. But the reserve also gets immense pressure of cattle grazing (nearly 20,000 livestock enter SWR daily) from nearby village which is affecting the potential of reserve as tiger habitat. Most of the cattle are unproductive. In many cases local also don't want to keep these unproductive cattle but nobody would buy it. In Nepal cow is regarded as holy animal and killing is not allowed. With no option, they free their animals which ultimately goes into Wildlife Reserve. The cattle population is increasing as unwanted breeding continues during free grazing. In this scenario how could we reduce cattle grazing pressure in SWR? Is there any successful examples from others protected areas?
I need number of taxa (native and aliens), size of the area and reference. I am ending the flora of Gran Sasso Laga National Park and I would like to compare our richness with other protected areas
I am working on the topic which is focused on Protected Landscape Areas in the Czech Republic. I would like to ask you, do governments recognize the PA as economic institutions? And if yes, are there any articles about it?
I read about Convention on Biological Diversity (The Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, 1992), that invites the governments to create Protected Areas and recognize the PA as economic institute. I read about it in the Czech article and now I would like to find some other articles about it. I would like to connect article like "Protected areas as economic institutions" to my thesis but I try to find good articles about it and I am not so successful.
Thank you so much for your answers.
Have a nice day.
RAN, INEGI or other data representing distribution of private property parcels and federal property (not protected areas) in SE Mexico.
A protected area in an arid environment with herds of herbivores are free roaming with some livestock exist. How do I measure the carrying capacity of this nature reserve?
I am trying to find out geomorphic elements that can be considered really important and require the area to be considered as a national park.
The study area is Arauca in Colombia, there is fluvial geomorphology and aeolian geomorphology.
I think may be there are some geophorms related with specific ecosystems, or groundwater.
The budget is low, so I only have some aerial photographs, and bibliography.
If someone have any ideas about literature, or methodologies I would appreciated.
I am searching for papers dealing about tourism impact (or not) in protected areas and any information would be useful. Many thanks in advance.
Hi all, I am working on the topic which is focused on Protected Landscape Areas in the Czech Republic. I would like to aim to verify claims which were raised as arguments against PLA. I would like to ask you, how it can be demostrated that the PLA has an impact on employment? Because one of the claim was that the declaration of new PLA will mean "a significant reduction of jobs". So my question is: Is it possible to evaluate the declaration of protected areas has an impact on employment? Is there any publication which follows up employment before and after declaration of PLA? Is it realistic to evaluate this problem?
Thank you so much for your answers.
Have a nice day.
Hi all, I am working on the topic which is focused on Protected Landscape Areas in the Czech Republic. I would like to aim to verify claims which were raised as arguments against PLA. I would like to ask you, is there any publication which follows up PLA and their impact on regional development? Is there some publication which is focused on factors of regional development in protected areas? Is PLA problem for regional development or is it an advantage? Do you know some examples? Because one of the claim (the mayors of the affected municipalities told) was that the declaration of new PLA will mean "only limitation", restriction of movement in PLA, restriction of regional development, restriction of state administration, slowing the development of municipalities etc.
Thank you so much for your answers.
Have a nice day.
I need to propose a charging system for water use, produced in a protected area. Water is already picked up by a state-owned company that makes the treatment and distribution, but not refund the protected area for this use.
The tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) is a very invasive specie in Europe. I wonder how to detect it, monitor and successfully eradicate. Is the UAV drove used to cover big areas in practice? any experience? What would be the best method to eradicate it from a protected area?
Have you ever found seed on your clothing/vehicle during or after a visit to a protected area? How did you dispose of the seed? I would like to know what you did to the seed.
Based on your experience do you have any practical recommendation for weed research and policy. park management, bio-security etc regarding unintentional human weed dispersal? Thanks
I'm looking for so-called hard evidence about the impact of urban pressure on animals. I need concrete examples. I want to block the construction of a large hotel complex on the border of the National Park. There is only general information in the literature that urban pressure has a negative impact on nature. No examples which would be evidence. Can anyone help?