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Prostitution - Science topic

The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.
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Publications related to Prostitution (10,000)
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Book
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Lightbulb Moments in Human History tracks humanity’s big ideas and the eccentricities of people who conceived them. Along the way, you’ll find answers to questions like: Why did the Sumerians have Temple prostitutes? Just how psychotic was the God of the Old Testament? Why did parents in Ancient Greece encourage their young sons to take older male...
Book
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Sex For Sale book: chapters on pornography, prostitution, strip clubs, erotic webcamming, massage parlors, escorting, street-based work, customers, history of sex work, sex worker rights movement, and decriminalization / legalization. Includes male and trans sex work studies.
Article
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BACKGROUND Adolescents experiencing multiple vulnerabilities, including poverty, curtailed education, transactional sex and early childbearing, are at risk of poor mental health. In Zimbabwe, girls who are pregnant or new mothers and involved in selling sex struggle to cope with the combined pressures of parenthood, financial insecurity, and socia...
Article
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This mixed-methods study investigated HIV status disclosure and partner testing of women living with HIV (WLWH) in a concentrated epidemic setting in Bandung, Indonesia. The qualitative exploratory strand used theoretical sampling to carry out semi-structured interviews with 47 HIV-infected women with varying anti-retroviral therapy status. The qua...
Article
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The February revolution of 1917 brought about the complete collapse of the tsarist autocracy and offered multiple possibilities for the reorganisation of society based on new principles of democracy, equality and citizenship. Amid societal reconfiguration, the tsarist system for the regulation of prostitution was repealed in July 1917. After this,...
Conference Paper
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National transformation is at the heart of government policies, and programmes that influence the well-being of the populace and help to predict the possible outcome of their lived experiences. In the face of socio-political debacles bedevilling the country in disharmony, it is defeatist for writers – poets, playwrights and novelists to fail to dep...
Chapter
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This chapter begins by reflecting on ethnography as a research approach/methodology in the social sciences and in particular, the evolving ethnographic strategies for researching sex worlds. I then proceed to discuss how ethnography has been undertaken within these settings, with a specific focus on sex work. The frameworks commonly used to study s...
Article
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The Victorian Era (1837-1901) is stereotypically characterized by propriety and sexual repression. Yet, during this time conduct literature for girls containing information on sex education as well as care for one’s body was widely circulated and read in response to fears over the spread of promiscuity, STDs, and prostitution. The authors of this l...
Article
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This study, taking as its starting point Lawrence Friedman’s and David Nelken’s contribution to the elaboration of the concept of “Legal Culture”, interprets some convergent judgments made by the Constitutional Court of three European countries—Italy, France, and Portugal—from the perspective of “legal culture”. To avoid the tautology of explaining...
Article
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Objectives We estimate the prevalence of sexually transmitted infection (STI) among patients after sexual assault, assess the possible value of azithromycin prophylaxis, and identify risk factors for assault-related STI and for not presenting at follow-up. Design Prospective observational cohort study. Setting Sexual assault centre in Oslo, Norwa...
Article
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This study focuses on the determinants of prostitution among young girls aged 15 to 25 in the NDESHA health zone, in Central Kasai, in the town of KANANGA. The data for this study were collected in the NDESHA health zone, using prospective and statistical methods as well as two techniques: documentary and free interview based on a questionnaire des...
Article
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The virtual world is not a world without borders so we are free to do anything. But as in the real world that has norms, ethics and etiquette, in cyberspace also requires a netiquette. Netiquette as a healthy internet moral regulation is needed so that digital communication between netizens runs harmoniously and respect each other and away from con...
Technical Report
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This research was a 6-country study (Germany, Cambodia, USA, Scotland, UK, India) with 1.5-hour in-person interviews of 763 sex buyers, including 96 freiers in Germany. In these anonymous interviews, sex buyers provided candid information about prostitution and trafficking that mirrored decades of testimony from exited prostitution survivors. Using...
Article
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How migrants are represented in the media is important in terms of influencing the views and behaviors of the people of the host country towards migrants. This academic study examined the migrants and crime-themed news content published on the digital platforms of Sabah, Habertürk, and Sözcü newspapers during the 10-year period from April 2011 to M...
Article
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Background Previous studies have demonstrated telemedicine (TM) to be an effective tool to complement rheumatology care and address workforce shortage. With the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, TM experienced a massive upswing. However, in rheumatology care, the use of TM stagnated again shortly thereafter. Consequently, the factors associated...
Article
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The primary problem in HIV risk assessment is underreporting. The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS believe that the number of reported cases does not describe the actual number of HIV and AIDS cases in Indonesia. In 2016, based on the number of drug and prostitution users, the Ministry of Health estimated the number of PLWHA (people livin...
Article
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Understanding factors influencing mental health and substance use in transgender and gender diverse people is critical to reducing disparities in this population. We sought to investigate whether a history of sex work was associated with increased prevalence of poor mental health, substance use, and a negative experience within drug and alcohol tre...
Article
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Background Thailand has been one of the largest migration hubs in Southeast Asia for the past four decades and keeps attracting migrants from neighboring countries. Due to difficulties associated with their status, migration can place individuals at a heightened risk for sexually transmitted diseases. This study aimed to examine factors influencing...
Article
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Background Trans women face tremendous social inequities as well as disproportionate rates of HIV and substance use, yet disaggregated substance use data specific to trans women remain limited. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of baseline data from the Trans*National Study (2016–2017) surveying trans women in the San Francisco Bay Area (n...
Conference Paper
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Jodhpur Modes of Dehumanization in Existential Poverty Abstract The concept of Existential poverty deals with, material poverty as well as dehuminisation and protection of fundamental human right, the right to dignity and decent life. It is believed that the wealthy have enough to meet their needs they should take upon themselves to give their ex...
Article
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Background: Female sex workers (FSWs) in Kenya are at an increased risk of violence, poverty, police arrest, and problematic alcohol and other substance use, all of which are linked to poor mental health and suicidal ideation. Despite the psychological stressors experienced by FSWs, there is no published qualitative methods research investigating...
Article
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This article looks at the discourses regarding Nigerian confraternities’ expansion to Europe. It analyses how networks of individuals working together for solidarity, economic or political objectives became categorized as organised crime or as a mafia. I use original data and police investigations, interviews with members and victims, judges, polic...
Article
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Objectives In 2014, Canada implemented end-demand sex work legislation that criminalises clients and third parties (eg, managers, security personnel, etc) involved in sex work. The focus of this analysis is to explore how the criminalisation of clients shapes the occupational health and safety of sex workers. Design As part of a longstanding commu...
Preprint
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Background HIV key populations in Nigeria continue to face social stigma and legal implications. Homosexuality, use of any kind of drugs, and sex work remain illegal in the country. This prevents such individuals from seeking and accessing health services, resulting in an increased incidence and prevalence of HIV as well as opportunistic diseases l...
Article
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This paper explores an interdisciplinary approach that researchers can use to understand how people feel about their movement in the cityscape and their risk-taking activities by visualizing it. Author 1, a visual artist, and Author 2, a criminologist, used a psychogeography method where participants hand-drew maps of their everyday operations in t...
Article
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This article explores the Castilian Spanish dubbed version of the 2014 US gay-themed series Looking and its treatment of attitudes towards the male sex worker as a figure connected to the discursive construction of homosexuality. Based on the vision that translation represents an activity capable of calling into question predominant target culture...
Article
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The present article is a brief account of the representational politics surrounding the insertion of the Brazilian prostitutes’ movement into anti-trafficking policy-making, following the 2013 death of Gabriela Leite, one of the founders and principal leaders of the movement. Leite’s death left an organizational hole in the attempts by one of Brazi...
Conference Paper
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La communication proposée se situe à l’intersection de plusieurs champs historiographiques : histoire coloniale, histoire de la Justice et histoire du genre. Nous proposons d’ancrer ce travail dans une perspective de « micro-histoire globale », dans la suite des suggestions de R. Bertrand et G. Calafat (2018). Le contexte singulier est celui de la...
Article
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Background This study aimed to estimate, using an HIV Recent Infection Testing Algorithm (RITA), the HIV incidence and its associated factors among female sex workers (FSW) in Côte d’Ivoire. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016–2017 in Abidjan and San Pedro’s region among FSW aged ≥ 18 years. In addition, a sociodemographic questi...
Article
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Promising research from Thailand already highlights women in the sexual entertainment industry as being active participants in both intimate relationships and commercial transactions simultaneously. Notably, they are neither victims nor alienated laborers, as some activist narratives assert. Women working in Thailand’s sex entertainment industry co...
Article
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Public imagination and academic scholarship present queer migrants as being uprooted due to their embodiment of non-normative sexual identities. Drawing from ethnographic research with a male sex worker-led organisation (SLO) in Nairobi, including 41 in-depth interviews with members, this paper explores this perceived uprootedness by highlighting K...
Article
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Background Most sex worker population studies measure population at discrete points in time and very few studies have been done in industrialized democracies. The purpose of this study is to consider how time affects the population dynamics of contact sex workers in Canada using publicly available internet advertising data collected over multiple y...
Article
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The brothel business flourished parallel to industrial and commercial growth in colonial Singapore during the early twentieth century. This article explores the British Empire's role in proliferating prostitution in colonial Singapore as depicted in James Gordon Farrell's historical novel, The Singapore Grip (1978). It argues, as the novel describe...
Preprint
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Census and Household Travel Survey datasets are regularly collected from households and individuals and provide information on their daily travel behavior with demographic and economic characteristics. These datasets have important applications ranging from travel demand estimation to agent-based modeling. However, they often represent a limited sa...
Article
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The relationship between commercial sex work and drug use is complex and the two exacerbate each other. In Kenya, Mombasa County has one of the highest populations of drug users and commercial sex workers. Despite documentation of drug use among sex workers, most of the studies are based on self-reported history which is prone to social desirabilit...
Article
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Background There is limited information on factors that influence oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake and adherence among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). We conducted a qualitative methods study to explore experiences, facilitators and barriers of PrEP uptake and adherence to PrEP among AGYW at risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus...
Article
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Background Female sex workers (FSWs) in Uganda are at high risk of HIV infection. Scaling up oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) will reduce HIV incidence if high levels of adherence are maintained. This study evaluates PrEP adherence using clinic-based pill counts and self-reported measures, and factors associated with protective levels of adhere...
Chapter
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Recently, we have seen relatively unknown platforms, like OnlyFans, rise to popularity among producers and consumers of sexual(ised) digital content. This seems to be especially so in the case of young adults who were affected by a sudden disappearance of entry-level jobs in hospitality, retail and associated functions, or diminished university exp...
Conference Paper
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It is the work of the Tamils to add pride to our Tamil language which is hailed as "sweet and fluid Tamil". After all, what is called Tamil is Sangath Tamil (Sangam literature) is the Tamil mantra. This Sangam Tamil (Sangam literature) is an ocean set towards the life and attitudes of the people two thousand years ago. Psychology is the recent emer...
Article
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This qualitative study examines how sex robots and sex work are constructed in relation to one another in mainstream news media. While existing research examines how sex robots are broadly represented in fictional narratives, to date no study examines the relatively prominent association between sex robots and sex work. Via an analysis of 166 news...
Article
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Education is a major key to the development of any nation. The realization that education is an engine room to the advancement of both industrial and technological growth of nations has propelled the leadership and citizens of many nations to consider the training of their younger generations with seriousness. The school is a formal institution ves...
Article
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This research investigated spatiality of street begging and beggars in Enugu State, Nigeria. One hundred and eight five beggars were purposively and conveniently selected from street begging locations across Enugu State metropolis. Data were collected with the aid of an in-depth structured questionnaire titled spatiality of street begging and begga...
Article
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This article analyzes the creative concept of the fantastic work of A.K. Goldebaev "Bez letoischisleniia" ["Without chronology"], which was described in the "diary" of the writer. Comparing the plot frames of some of Goldebaev's published novels and stories, such as "V chem prichina?" ("Ssora")["What is the reason?" (Quarrel)] (1903), "Podonki" [Sc...
Article
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This study is an empirical response to the scholarly debate regarding sex work and sex worker empowerment. It drew on job satisfaction literature to derive a theoretical model of pathways for job satisfaction in sex work. It tested this model with data from 96 migrant sex workers from China. It used Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to examine...
Conference Paper
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Nigeria is blessed with abundant natural, human and material resources yet her citizens are suffering tremendously especially the youths. This is caused by bad leadership cum lackadaisical attitudes orchestrated by disgruntled politicians. The conspicuous immediate effect is that the poor are getting poorer while the rich are getting richer on dail...
Article
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The aim of the study was to determine the awareness, desire to use, and preferred providers of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among Female Entertainment Workers (FEWs) aged 18–35 years in Cambodia’s Phnom Penh region. Of 1003 FEWs, 31.8% of them had heard of PrEP. When informed about PrEP, 67.4% said they would use PrEP and the most preferred loca...
Article
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Sex workers are a highly underprivileged population which is present all around the world. Sex work is associated with negative social stigma which affects all aspects of the sex workers’ lives including healthcare, service providers and police. The stigma may result in increased stress, mental health problems, feelings of isolation and social excl...
Article
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Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the pathogenic Trichomonas vaginalis protozoa parasite found in the female genitourinary tract and can cause vaginal discharge, in severe conditions, vaginal inflammation will occur. Trichomoniasis has a high risk of infecting groups that often have multiple partners, such as Commer...
Preprint
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A study of Leonard Woolf’s A Tale Told by Moonlight in the context of contemporary accounts of colonial prostitution in Ceylon and the reaction to the short story within the Bloomsbury circle.
Article
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Background Mental health disorders represent a significant share of disease burden for adolescents and young people and depression is among the leading causes of morbidity within this age group. With rural-urban migration increasing in many settings, and young females being among the main migrants, few studies have examined the impact of such major...
Article
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Circumstances make it clear that Mariana is like Hermione and Hero, similarly falsely accused of sexual immodesty and wantonness. All three of them wear head coverings of some sort, veil, mask, curtain, etc. and then these are lifted off, and the men who falsely accused them are sorry and then are united with them. I consider "sexual immodesty" in...
Presentation
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This presentation "Single women: Concepts, Policies and Strategies" made at a TN level consultation on single women organized by Human Rights Foundation on November 4, 2022 observes that one needs to distinguish between women headed households and single women. Not all single women head their households, and not all women heading households are sin...
Article
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Purpose We aimed to describe the prevalence of IPV victimization, changes of experiencing IPV victimization, and examined factors associated with more severe or frequent IPV victimization since the COVID-19 crisis among a global sample of sexual minority men (SMM). Methods Data were collected between October and November 2020 through a gay social...
Chapter
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Socio-cultural D eue loPments In the latter half of the nineteenth century, a number of fundamental social and cultural developments took place which culminated in the transformation of the intellectual, political, and artistic life of India. To a large extent' British colonialism promoted these changes, both by threatening and undermining trad'iti...
Article
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Background The problem of women and youths living on the street is a global phenomenon. It has created countless problems while they lived on the street; such as unwanted pregnancies, sexual exploitation and prostitution. It is a frequent observation to see women begging on the streets of major cities in Ethiopia having one or two babies by their s...
Article
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Understanding the structure of human sexual contact networks is vital in a broad range of disciplines, including sociology, biology, public health, and anthropology. However, sexual contact networks are yet to be understood because technical and privacy issues make it difficult to conduct accurate, large-scale surveys. In this study, we surveyed da...
Research
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Indian society that we live in today has evolved over thousands of years of cultural evolution, and gender sensitivity has existed ever since; Arthashastra and Magadh's rule were no different. Kautilya laid out a way of life for each gender and member of society towards the governance of the state. His focus was on creating a welfare state where em...
Article
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Cet article nous présente un certain nombre des valeurs et antivaleurs, propre à l’ethnie Nande (Yira) qui n’ont pas favorisé à sa jeunesse de poursuivre sa scolarisation. Parmi ces valeurs et antivaleurs l’on retrouve : l’attachement à la terre, la pratique de l’élevage et de l’agriculture, les pratiques liées au tribut, le conflit terrien, la pol...
Article
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Violence against women is a growing health problem, especially when perpetrated in intimate relationships. Despite increasing attention, there is little comparative evidence on the different types of violence involved and there is a paucity of research on sexual femicides. This study examines cases of violence against women in northern Italy, focus...
Article
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This article traces the emergence of and shifts in ideas about plant sexuality in European literature from the late seventeenth century to the present, with a particular focus on influential British and a few less well-known German texts. Positioned as a specifically phytopoetic history of plants and sexuality, it demonstrates with the help of lite...
Article
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Background: The burden of advanced HIV disease (AHD) and predictors of outcomes among people living with HIV (PLHIV) re-engaging in care are not well known. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of PLHIV who re-engaged in care after being lost to follow-up (LFU), from 2003 to 2019, in Myanmar. We calculated the incidence rates of at...
Article
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How do settler colonialism, control of women’s and differently gendered bodies, sex, industry, pollution—but also pleasure, love, care, desire, bodily autonomy, and survival—cleave together and apart in the inland wetland of Windermere Basin park? Starting with this question, this article explores my own attraction to this tiny place in postindustr...
Article
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Many sex worker populations face high morbidity and mortality, but data are scarce on interventions to improve their health. We did a systematic review of health and social interventions to improve the health and wider determinants of health among adult sex workers in high-income countries. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, the Cochran...
Article
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Communication about HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) is a cornerstone of risk reduction, yet there is a dearth of research that examines communication patterns among persons with dual risks for HIV/STI acquisition, such as women who sell sex and inject drugs (WSSID). We used logistic regression to identify factors associated with WSSID...
Article
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Background Studies on risk factors for severe COVID-19 in people of working age have generally not included non-working persons or established population attributable fractions (PAFs) for occupational and other factors. Objectives We describe the effect of job-related, sociodemographic, and other exposures on the incidence, relative risks and PAFs...
Article
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This article interrogates the South-South internationalism of two renowned US Latinx poets: Miguel Algarín’s abjection in Morocco in his poem “Tangiers” and Sandra María Esteves’s anti-apartheid poetry for the French Art contre/against apartheid project, which included the controversial participation of Jacques Derrida. Although these poems focus o...
Article
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p> This article examines saweran activities performed in organ tunggal performances (organ tunggal is a musical performance that uses one type of musical instrument, namely the keyboard) at weddings. The activities performed by Saweran reap the advantages and disadvantages because they conflict with the values and norms in society. However, the com...
Article
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India, which justifies its claim to be one of the very ancient civilizations of the world, presents the rise and development of prostitution. Recently, in India it has been estimated that there are approximately 3 million sex workers, the vast majority of whom are between the ages of 15 and 35. Here, prostitution is considered as a taboo which is n...
Article
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Prostitute praising is represented by Remy Sylado in novel titled Ca-Bau-Kan: Hanya Sebuah Dosa (1999) and Arswendo Atmowiloto in novel titled Dewi Kawi (2008). Prostitute praising in the novels written by males in religious society in the midst of discourse about freedom of expression flowing in post-1998 era in Indonesia becomes problem of this r...
Article
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Background In Ethiopia, the number of homeless girls and women is increasing, and the government has yet to devise a strategy to address the issue of teenage homelessness. They are influenced by numerous dimensions of health, including physical health, mental health, and social isolation. At all stages of homelessness, the stakeholders and homeless...
Thesis
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Ce mémoire s’intéresse à la justiciabilité du droit qu’est l’indemnisation des victimes d’actes criminels, au Québec, par des personnes qui sont ou ont été actives dans la prostitution. Nous voulons voir comment le régime étatique québécois d’indemnisation des victimes d’actes criminels les appréhende et quelle place est faite à la notion d’exploit...
Article
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Transgender women globally are disproportionately burdened by HIV. Co-occurring epidemics of adverse psychosocial exposures accelerate HIV sexual risk, including among transgender women; however, studies using additive models fail to examine synergies among psychosocial conditions that define a syndemic. We examined the impact of synergistic intera...
Article
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In this paper, we propose a compartmental mathematical model that tracks the dynamic of poverty and prostitution in Nigeria. Our model incorporates an infected compartment that allows for a non-violent approach of government interventions. The stability of the system is analyzed for the existence of the prostitution free equilibrium. We established...
Preprint
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Understanding the determinants of prostitution is key to regulate it. This paper studies the hypothesis that marriage conditions are an economic determinant of female prostitution. I exploit differences in the timing of entry into force of divorce laws across U.S. states to explore the effect of such laws on arrests of female prostitutes. Using a d...
Article
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Archival activism is a concept about archivists' awareness of the social power of archives to create social justice. The writing of this article should describe the application of a concept of archival activism in diversity practices that actively document communities that are traditionally marginalized from historical narratives and complicated by...
Article
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This study explored the impact of question wording on attitudes toward trading sexual services. There are no previous research agendas investigating how views on the trade in sex are susceptible to question word choice. We utilized an original survey to assess how three different concepts used to represent the exchange of sexual services impact on...
Article
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Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) in child sex work is reportedly rising in Zimbabwe. While children of both sexes are affected, more females than males are forced to engage in sexual acts in exchange for money, food, access to shelter, education or some other gains from adults who control these means of survival and commodities. Dr...
Article
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This study assessed the livelihood implication of artisanal mining on herders in Jema’a and Sanga local government areas of Kaduna state, Nigeria, with a view to providing information for sustainable living. Data for this study was collected through questionnaire survey, in-depth interview and direct field observation. The result showed that herder...
Article
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While extensive literature documents how criminalisation harms sex work-ers' health and rights, limited research has critically examined how interactions between criminal-justice, health, and other systems shape support and justice for and by people who sell sex. We attend to this question by drawing on participatory, qualitative research with a di...
Article
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Nippon Konchuki is a Japanese movie directed by Shōhei and was first shown in 1963, following the life of prostitutes in Japan after World War 2. The film tells the misery of Tome Matsuki, a rural Japanese woman who had to sell her body for survival. Nippon Konchuki fills the long-standing gap in the film industry and provides a new orientation for...