Science topics: Programs
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Programs - Science topic

Works consisting of lists of the events, pieces, performers, speakers, etc., of an entertainment, ceremony, or the like. (From: Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloging, 2d ed)
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Publications related to Programs (10,000)
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https://www.mdpi.com/journal/education/special_issues/5BBTU18550 Dear Colleagues, For this Special Issue, entitled Evidence-based Visions and Changes in Chemical Education, we are inviting submissions from the chemistry education community exploring recent advances in chemical education research. There is a need for research demonstrating evidenc...
Research Proposal
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The editors encourage all interested authors to submit their interdisciplinary contributions (research or review papers) that cover these topics: -Energy or business models of RECs; -Interoperability of RES in REC; -Simulation and so􀀭ware to design and manage the communities; -Innovative systems to support the energy flexibility of REC; -Innovative...
Article
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In breeding programs, the identification of genetic variability and knowledge of genetic constitutions existing within segregating populations are of fundamental importance for the success and continuation of the program. The present study aimed to quantify the genetic diversity among progenies of a sour passion fruit population based on morphoagro...
Article
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In the present study, we tested the common assumption that teachers with more experience consider themselves better prepared for online teaching and learning (OTL). Utilizing the data from a survey of 366 higher-education teachers from Portugal at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, we performed structural equation modeling to quantify...
Chapter
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In the current study on entrepreneurship education, lecturers, structured seminars, and individual written assignments are used to describe two major entrepreneurship programs and courses. The majority of these latter courses are instructor-led, with little student interaction. From a more contemporary perspective, it is critical to experiment with...
Article
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This study was driven by an initial finding that female founders' participation rate in Israeli accelerators is significantly higher (15.3 %) than their participation rate in the. Israeli startup sector (7.4 %). Linking accelerators' design to the known barriers to female entrepreneurship, we examined how accelerators may enhance female entrepreneu...
Preprint
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Current educational theories are based on soft science principles potentially resulting in wide variations in learning outcomes. Science of Learning global research programs have largely resulted in subjective guidelines. In cognitive science, relational knowledge represents the ability to explain and represented by a schema. Relational knowledge i...
Article
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Why cataract surgery outreach in rural Africa is vastly different from outreach ("inreach") programs in India. DFL Aid-to-Africa seems to have an effective approach to cost-effective and sustainable eye care outreaches to an underserved population.
Article
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The development process of a new wheat cultivar requires time between obtaining the base population and selecting the most promising line. Estimating genetic parameters more accurately in early generations with a view to anticipating selection means important advances for wheat breeding programs. Thus, the present study estimated the genetic parame...
Article
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Social media has been widely used in EFL programs in higher education and they play an important role in transforming learning and teaching. This study investigated the use of social media in EFL learning and teaching in Afghanistan. Moreover, it explored the preference and the frequency of the use of social media in EFL learning and teaching. A su...
Conference Paper
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Research studies exploring how Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) serve Latin* STEM students largely have focused on features of organizational structures (e.g., support programs), but minimally examined instructional practices and classroom experiences. This is an important gap to fill, especially in gateway mathematics courses, where faculty re...
Article
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While universities across the globe differ in their assessment practices and processes, program assessment has become a foundation for policy makers, universities, and other stakeholders to demonstrate the quality of their programs. Globally, there are 550 accreditation/quality assurance bodies in 170 countries. The purpose of this study was to exa...
Article
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Current flight data monitoring and voluntary safety reporting programs primarily focus on error, a sliver of the global data available. 99% of the “good” data is thrown out. Conversely, many of our procedures and regulations are enacted based on (usually major) errors, even though their occurrence rate is nearly statistically insignificant. Without...
Article
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Children in sub-Saharan African countries face higher exposure to gender-based violence (GBV) compared to their counterparts in other world regions (UNICEF, 2014). When GBV occurs in schools, it severely endangers access to education. Using the third round of the Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) dat...
Conference Paper
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Software design seeks to contribute to developing quality software. During the design phase, the requirements are translated into a representation of the software (also known as design), whose quality can be evaluated and improved. For graduating students, software design is difficult to understand and produce. In fact, producing a good design seem...
Article
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Accurately annotating topological structures (e.g., loops and topologically associating domains) from Hi-C data is critical for understanding the role of 3D genome organization in gene regulation. This is a challenging task, especially at high resolution, in part due to the limited sequencing coverage of Hi-C data. Current approaches focus on the a...
Article
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Integrated Service Post or better known as POSYANDU is a means of empowering public health because the implementation model is activated and initiated by the community in line with the needs of each community. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of cadres and barriers to Posyandu cadres in nutritional services for toddlers in Ngijo...
Article
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Purpose of Review To evaluate the state of mentorship in the field of urology. Recent Findings Mentorship has been shown to decrease burnout, increase recruitment of underrepresented minority groups, and have a positive influence on the career trajectory of mentees. Approximately half of surgical residency programs have mentorship programs. The cu...
Article
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Carbon offset programs have historically been unfeasible for many forest landowners. This document is an overview of forest carbon markets and forest carbon offset programs currently available to landowners in Alabama and Mississippi. Other documents in this series will address various aspects of forest carbon markets in greater depth.
Article
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We investigated using longitudinal models to reconstruct year-class strength (YCS) from catch-at-age data, with an example application to lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in the main basin of Lake Huron. The best model structure depended on the age range used for model implementation. The YCS trajectory from the full age range (3-30 years) was sim...
Article
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A novel 4-D hyperchaotic system that have seven positive parameters in third order with thirteen terms is proposed, in this paper, the proposed chaotic behavior is proved by analysis of the Lyapunov's exponent, fractional dimension, zero-one test, sensitivity dependent on initial condition (SDIC), phase portraits, and waveform analysis, this study...
Article
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Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma caused by loss-of-function germline variants of the FH gene can develop into aggressive renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We report the case of a 27-year-old man who died of RCC. Genetic testing revealed a novel pathogenic variant of FH , NM_000143.3:c.1013_1014del (p.Ile338Serfs*3), that was also identi...
Preprint
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This paper focuses on the twice epi-differentiability of a class of non-amenable functions, which are the composition of a piecewise twice differentiable (PWTD) function and a parabolically semidifferentiable mapping. Such composite functions frequently appear those optimization problems covering major classes of constrained and composite optimizat...
Article
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Visual impairment at a young age has lifelong consequences for the child, family, and society as a whole. To aim for the global development of such children in an inclusive manner and to ensure a good quality of life, children should be offered effective rehabilitation programs at an early age. This brief review aims to address the need and options...
Article
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Puma yagouaroundi is a feline with a wide distribution in America and little known in its ecology and habitat use. The present note reports its presence in peri-urban areas in Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico. In addition, the record of one road-killed animal in a nearby area demonstrates the tolerance of this species to disturbed sites, as well as its sus...
Article
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High-performance training program development has benefitted from studies of the mechanisms involved in performing the bench press. This study aimed to analyze the electromyographic and kinematic parameters affecting high-performance athletes during the phases of the Paralympic bench press movement. The root mean square, mean frequency, and frequen...
Article
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In recent years, research in child-computer interaction shifted the focus from design with children for giving them a voice in the design process, to design by children so as to bring child participants different benefits, such as engagement and learning. Design workshops, encompassing different stages, are however challenging in terms of engagemen...
Article
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The Ordinal Priority Approach (OPA) is a new decision-making method that determines the best alternative among a set of solutions according to a set of attributes based on the experiences of one or more experts. OPA is frequently utilized in various studies, such as project portfolio selection, sustainable supplier selection, evaluation of the perf...
Article
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The bloom of technologies has witnessed the urgent need to develop high quality STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education. For this reason, there has been increasing emphases on understanding how STEM teachers perceive about STEM education, which would directly influence their classroom instructions. Scholars have designed a...
Article
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Tourism is one of the important tools used in the framework of achieving sustainable development, which has become the focus of attention of many countries, as it is an important resource in the country's economy, and an interface that highlights the culture and civilization of peoples, and the importance increases when it comes to tourist informat...
Article
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To effectively diversify the special education profession, the field must recognize disability as an aspect of diversity and critically examine how disabled teacher candidates experience higher education. Research has shown, for example, that during their time in teacher preparation programs, teacher candidates with disabilities encounter numerous...
Article
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The article analyzes data from electoral programs for presidential elections in Brazil from 1994 to 2018 to describe how candidates stand on the ideological scale. The data produced and made available by the Manifesto Project allow measuring their leftist and rightist content and its variation over time. The analysis shows that leftist and rightist...
Article
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Organizations across the globe plan,manage and execute projects either as a necessity for business enablement or as a services for third party customers to realize the revenue .Though the concept of project management has been existing since many years, organizations are embarking and investing on Portfolio management which is related to managing a...
Article
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Many leaders in medical education have called for the inclusion of students with disabilities. Yet, a small number of review articles have been written summarizing the key literature addressing this topic. This review focuses on literature published between 2000 and 2021 that discusses medical education disability-specific barriers, student disabil...
Article
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Educator preparation programs experienced extreme challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, as many universities and K-12 schools moved to fully online or hybrid instructional models. These abrupt changes significantly limited preservice teachers’ opportunities to engage in classroom-based practice teaching experiences, which are a bedrock of educat...
Article
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Shadow teacher training for autistic children aims to increase the knowledge and abilities of educators, especially Kindergarten teachers/Raudhatul Athfal in developing shadow teacher learning tools for autistic children. This training was held on November 5, 2022 for four days and assistance was provided for making individual learning programs. Th...
Article
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Supporting shelter self-recovery is a modality of humanitarian aid which remains ill-defined and misunderstood despite the many aid organizations that utilize this approach. Of the little existing knowledge and best practices regarding self-recovery support methods, most has been developed for natural disaster contexts, and not post-conflict. Post-...
Article
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The article addresses studying the characteristics of physical activity regimen in middle-aged men who attend a health and fitness bowling club. The objective of the study was to examine the characteristics of physical activity in middle-aged men, in particular, to assess the time they spend in a sitting position. Methods. To determine the physical...
Article
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The restoration of natural ecosystems relies on the feedback received from monitoring programs which take long-term data on the health of an ecosystem. In this study, the monitoring program of a longleaf pine ecosystem in north central Florida is reviewed and revised. This revision was based on contact with park managers and the analysis of existin...
Article
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Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that represents a risk to public health and causes severe economic losses to the livestock industry. Recently, one of the strategies recommended for reducing the prevalence of the disease in animals is the use of the BCG vaccine, alone or in combination with proteins. It has been shown that the vacci...
Article
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We evaluate a large-scale model of agricultural advisory services, known as Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) or Farm Science Centers, introduced by the Government of India to facilitate smallholder adoption of new agricultural technologies. The study first evaluates the impact of frontline demonstrations and capacity-building programs conducted by KVKs a...
Article
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Diabetes is a prevalent metabolic disorder, which leads to numerous complications. This disease can be prevented by training people and increasing their awareness via the health belief model. This descriptive study aimed to determine the diabetes prevention behaviors based on the health belief model among high-risk individuals. There were 220 rando...
Article
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Comparing solution methods fosters strategy flexibility in equation solving. Productive classroom discourse such as Accountable Talk (AT) orchestrated by teachers can improve students' justifications during classroom discussions and achievement. Do students' subject matter justifications during classroom discourse mediate the effect of teachers' pr...
Article
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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in humans and animals. Numbers of multi drug resistance TB (MDR-TB), extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) and zoonotic TB cases are increasingly being reported every year in Nepal posing a major public health problem. Therefore, the Government of Nepal should act imm...
Article
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Consulting engineering firms use detailed applications to dimension the ventilation air volumes and sizes of overall ventilation systems. The disadvantage is that the programs are very complex and time-consuming to use so a simplified Excel-based program, TCD2 (Thermal Calculation by Design, version 2) has been developed. To document that TCD2 can...
Article
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Background Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in spelling and reading. The aim of this study is to identify domains of cognitive strength and weakness of students with dyslexia and to study the effect of an especially designed computerized training program on their reading abilities. This study was conducted on 2nd-grade primary school stude...
Article
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In this research, we create a single-phase to ground synthetic fault by the simulation of a three-phase cable system and identify the location using mathematical techniques of Fourier and modal transforms. Current and voltage signals are measured and analyzed for fault location by the reflection of the waves between the measured point and the fault...
Article
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Classroom management is a vital skill for all teachers. Special education teacher educators are tasked with ensuring that teacher candidates are prepared to implement evidence-based practices for the prevention and intervention of challenging behaviors. Many teacher candidates are taking their coursework in an asynchronous online format, which like...
Article
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Background The current study aimed at constructing an Arabic-language questionnaire to investigate the association of the severity of ADHD with children’s degree of exposure to multimedia per day and the age of starting the engagement, and the effect of different multimedia programs on the attention, language, and socio-behavioral aspects in childr...
Article
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CEC’s 2020 Practice-Based Standards for Preparation of Special Educators (K-12) identify proficiencies considered essential for successful entry into the profession. To assist Educator Preparation Programs (EPPs) in the design and assessment of programs aligned with these new Standards, the authors introduce a six-step approach that is systematic,...
Preprint
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O mundo encontra-se em constante mudança e a busca pela inovação é um fenómeno comum à generalidade das organizações que atuam na sociedade. Este estudo será bastante relevante na medida em que permitirá olhar para uma temática tão recente como o do programa “Justiça + Próxima” e estudar a temática da inovação no mesmo. Assim procura analisar-se o...
Article
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Objectives Dysphonia is a common compliant in hypothyroid patients. Subjective voice changes could be clearly found in congenital hypothyroid children (CHC); however, the early treated children with thyroid hormone replacement (THR) may not experience dysphonia. The objective of this study is to determine if the CHC who were receiving early THR wou...
Article
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Introduction: Hospital preparedness for a massive influx of victims relies, to a certain extent, on actions, programs, and systems that are created and executed ahead of time, but also on the knowledge, skills, and professional competences of the hospital's staff. Aim: This study aims to understand the factors influencing the preparedness of Tunisi...
Article
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Introduction Cell processing operators (CPOs) are one of the most important human assets for the industrial development of regenerative therapy since cell processing is still carried out manually. However, investigating the psychological aspects of CPOs to take advantage of this important human asset has not been done. Thus, the objectives of the c...
Article
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Interventions in emotional competences and scientific studies of emotional competence are flourishing in the educational context. However, we find very few programs in Europe involving emotional interventions in vocational education and training (VET) and a dearth of scientific contributions. Our purpose with this paper is twofold: a) we provide th...
Article
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Self-regulated promoting practices foster students’ development of metacognition, motivation and strategic action. These underlying learning competencies improve students' academic, social, emotional and career outcomes. Although beneficial, the development of self-regulated promoting practices is challenging, particularly for teacher candidates. T...
Article
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While a link between co-parenting conflict and academic performance is frequently assumed, studies on this association have shown inconsistent results. In addition, academic engagement and depression can potentially mediate the association between co-parenting conflict and academic performance. However, studies have not tested this proposition. Thi...
Article
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Environment is becoming a major concern for people. It has negative effect on everyone in some way or other because of the human interventions. It is important to address environment related issues in terms of bringing awareness to people through news, programs, events and debates. Print media covering environment news does have impact on a large n...
Article
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Reactive learning agents cannot solve partially observable sequential decision-making tasks as they are limited to defining outcomes purely in terms of the observable state. However, augmenting reactive agents with external memory might provide a path for addressing this limitation. In this work, external memory takes the form of a linked list data...
Article
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In this era of digitalization, the Government is trying from an early age to introduce programming concepts and Artificial Intelligence, which in the future can be used to support the learning process of elementary school education. This training aims to provide new knowledge about how coding programs are included in the subject matter of elementar...
Article
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Hustle culture is deeply pervasive in the medical community, and many believe that conversations about “wellness” are synonymous with “weakness.” However, wellness is multifaceted and is one of the most commonly inquired topics during residency interviewers. Traditionally, wellness programs within residencies involve outings away from the hospital...
Article
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The large amount of final project document data from study programs at the Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen Informatika dan Komputer (STMIK) Abulyatama can make a major contribution to the difficulty of the process of grouping a student's final project theme. The clustering process that has been carried out manually so far has been very ineffective and ine...
Article
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There has been a recent increase in body-oriented interventions implemented in educational contexts. Body-oriented interventions are grounded on the body–mind relationship, involving body and movement awareness and expression. In this systematic review of the literature on body-oriented interventions implemented in preschool contexts, we review the...
Preprint
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We present several new techniques for evolving code through sequences of mutations. Among these are (1) a method of local scoring assigning a score to each expression in a program, allowing us to more precisely identify buggy code, (2) suppose-expressions which act as an intermediate step to evolving if-conditionals, and (3) cyclic evolution in whi...
Preprint
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Non-idempotent intersection types provide quantitative information about typed programs, and have been used to obtain time and space complexity measures. Intersection type systems characterize termination, so restrictions need to be made in order to make typability decidable. One such restriction consists in using a notion of finite rank for the id...
Article
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(1) Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), screening programs of which have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the screening of diabetes patients in our healthcare area (HCA). (2) Methods: We carried out a retrospect...
Article
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Pre-sentence reports (PSRs) provide information to courts on an individual's background, circumstances, risks, needs and plans. Research has found that PSRs focus heavily on risk of recidivism, while identification of prosocial cultural and community factors is limited. This study sought to describe the language and sentiment in these reports. We s...
Article
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Remote Work Attraction Incentives Programs are local economic development tools offering cash or kind payments and financial incentives to remote workers willing to relocate to sponsoring regions or cities. In this research, I analyze the websites of 15 Remote Work Attraction Incentives Programs to understand how U.S. second-tier cities, rural regi...