Science topic

Pregnancy - Science topic

The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
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Article
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Background A complex of effector and predominant regulatory immune responses are induced in the female reproductive tract (FRT) due to insemination that is necessary to achieve pregnancy. The expression of immune regulatory molecules by spermatozoa indicates the significance of the interaction between spermatozoa and immune cells recruited to the F...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the perinatal outcomes in COVID-19 pregnant women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and elevated liver enzymes. Present study was carried out on pregnant women with COVID-19 between March 11, 2020, and August 11, 2021. Patients with liver enzyme levels higher than twice the upper limit of the reference...
Article
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Upaplutayonivyapad is described in Charaksamhita, which occurs in pregnancy. Main symptoms of it are per vaginal mucoid discharge, yonigattodvatvedana, yoni kandu. In this study total 30 patients were divided in two groups, A) Trial group treated with application of Jatipatra gel in vagina for 7 days &B) Control group treated with Clotrimazole vagi...
Article
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Malavasthambha (constipation) is a disease which occurs due to Vikruti of Vayu (defected or diseased air) (Pratilom Gati of Apan Vayu) and Purishavaha Srotasa Dushti. Acharya Charaka mentioned 'Malavsthambha' in terms of 'Vibandha', 'Bandha' Malavsthambha as a disease has not been mentioned in any Samhitas. Most of the pregnant women will be having...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Es wird über eine präklinische Crash-Sectio bei einer schwangeren Patientin im traumatischen Herz-Kreislauf-Stillstand nach Fenstersturz berichtet. Die für die Präklinik gewonnenen Erkenntnisse der Einsatznachbereitung zu diesem Fall sollen vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen ERC-Guidelines dargelegt und ein Literaturüberblick gegeben...
Article
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A Jersey crossbred heifer was presented to the Gynaecology Unit of Velerinary Cimical Complex. Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu for pregnancy diagnosis. Rectal examination revealed rigid cervix and filaccid uterine horns. Further examination revealed that left uterine horn was adhering with the adnexa like a firm mass and unabl...
Article
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La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo describir y comparar aspectos de la vinculación afectiva prenatal durante el embarazo en mujeres primigestas a lo largo de los 3 trimestres del embarazo y analizar diferencias según la planificación o no del embarazo. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal con una metodología cuantitativa...
Research
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The research is about the feto-maternal outcome of the pregnancy induced hypertension in multigravida in comparison to primigravida
Presentation
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Methods of pregnancy diagnosis in farm and per animals are explained in this lecture
Article
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Objectives: Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) can experience flares during pregnancy that might influence pregnancy outcomes. We aimed at assessing the disease course during pregnancy and identifying risk factors for flares. Methods: Data about prospectively-followed pregnancies in RA were retrospectively collected before conception, during each...
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Barbara Madaj et al., pp. 1546–1557 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471‐0528.17106.
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Alice Self et al., pp. 1447–1458 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471‐0528.17123.
Article
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This study shows that remdesivir and dexamethasone combination therapy can be considered as a suitable treatment choice for pregnant women infected with COVID‐19. It is worth mentioning that more studies are required to evaluate the efficacy and side effects of remdesivir monotherapy and its combination with dexamethasone during pregnancy. This stu...
Article
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A broad ligament pregnancy had been managed by laparoscopy. A 2‐cm ectopic pregnancy sac was located in the posterior lobe of the left broad ligament. We identified and separated the ipsilateral ureter during the operation because the ectopic gestational sac was very close to the ureter. A broad ligament pregnancy had been managed by laparoscopy. A...
Article
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Introduction: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common non-obstetric condition which requires surgical intervention during pregnancy. The aim of the present study is to compare hemogram parameters of AA with those in a previous prenatal visit. Material and Methods: The study included 32 patients with a final pathological confirmation of AA who un...
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Abirami Kirubarajan et al., pp. 1460–1472 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471‐0528.17137
Poster
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The interim findings of my meta-ethnography and next steps for project
Article
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Background: D-dimer is a non-specific inflammatory marker that elevates in infections, thrombosis, and pregnancies. COVID-19 is a prothrombotic inflammatory disease, and it is common to find elevation of D-dimer in severe COVID-19 cases. The usefulness of D-dimer for the diagnosis of Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PE) in SARS CoV-2 has not been determi...
Article
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Robinow syndrome is a genetically heterogenous syndrome that exhibits great pleiotropy, involving skeletal genital, cardiac, and craniofacial developmental anomalies. Fertility is not always compromised, and many individuals may be able to have a healthy pregnancy. Similar to other more common skeletal dysplasias and growth disorders such as achond...
Article
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This study was carried out to determined clot retraction on pregnant women. A total of 100 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Federal Medical Center Owerri were used in the study while 100 non-pregnant women were used as control. The platelet count was determined using the improved Neubauer ruled counting chamber and clot retraction time...
Article
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The developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) hypothesis describes the effects of parental perturbations around the periconception, pregnancy, and perinatal window that may lead to changes in offspring development and an increased risk of disease [...]
Article
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O objetivo é analisar os fatores socioeconômicos e demográficos associados à reincidência de gravidez na adolescência, assim como verificar a associação com desfechos maternos e neonatais desfavoráveis. É um estudo transversal, a partir dos dados do "Nascer no Brasil", composto por puérperas adolescentes e seus recém-nascidos. Utilizou-se regressão...
Article
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Introduction: Abdominal emergencies during pregnancy (excluding obstetric emergencies) occur on one out of 500-700 pregnancies. Since they are relatively rare patients should be referred and managed in tertiary level centres where surgical, obstetrical and neonatal cares are available. To our understanding there are no detailed descriptive series o...
Poster
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Short Courses Podcast: Pregnancy and Disease-Modifying Treatment for Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. PODCAST 1 Newly Diagnosed Relapsing MS and Pregnancy Planning
Article
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This case series is presented to illustrate the clinical value of identifying, sonographically, the type of cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy that may present, as this has become more frequently encountered. The choice of surgical treatment appears to be dependent on the sonographic typing, of this specific type of ectopic pregnancy. This case study...
Thesis
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Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is defined as a pregnancy loss for two consecutive at least before the fetus completes 24 weeks from pregnancy and multiple causes, some of which are known and well thought out, but 50% of abortions are still unexplained
Article
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O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar hábitos de higiene bucal e o impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida em gestantes por meio do método Elogiar-Orientar-Recomendar (EOR) via Web-survey. Além de analisar os fatores sociodemográficos associados ao Oral Health Index Profile-14 (OHIP-14). Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com 201 mulhe...
Article
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In order to explore the effective way of gestational diabetes care, this paper applies comprehensive nursing to gestational diabetes care. In terms of nursing intervention for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus, combining the phased changes of pregnant women’s physiological and psychological needs during pregnancy, this paper compreh...
Article
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All parameters of present study are found to be highly correlated with gestational age. (r=, 0.987, 0.980 for, FL and BPD respectively).Correlation between Biparietal Diameter (BPD) and Gestational age is consequently decreases according to gestation age from 20 week to 38 week. Correlation is maximum between 20 to 24 i.e. 0.979.All the fetal biome...
Chapter
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In the study, the concept of pain in different periods of women's life such as menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, menopause is detailed.
Chapter
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Regarding covid in pregnancy Incidence,Etiopathogenesis Diagnosis and management in covid 19 during pregnancy.
Article
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Obstetric tetanus is defined as a C. tetani infection that occurs during pregnancy or within six weeks of delivery. In Peru, there are no reports of obstetric tetanus cases. Here we report a sixth case of obstetric tetanus in a puerperal woman who underwent curettage for postpartum hemorrhage, despite immunization against tetanus.
Article
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Introducción: Los padres se han involucrado cada vez más en el embarazo y el nacimiento de sus hijos, pero aún se requieren intervenciones paternas que permitan reubicar al padre en su rol de corresponsabilidad en la crianza. Objetivo: Observar el comportamiento- actitud paterna hacia el/la hijo(a) y la cantidad de oxitocina (OT) secretada en el na...
Preprint
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The research titled was to identify knowledge, attitude and practice towards malaria prevention among pregnant women in Warta-nabada District Mogadishu-Somalia Background: in 2007, over 125 million pregnancies occurred in areas of malaria transmission and malaria
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Michal Fishel Bartal et al., pp. 1396‐1403 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.17059.
Article
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What role does language play in the process of building worldviews? To address this question, in the first section of this paper we will clarify what we mean by worldviews and how they differ, in our perspective, from cosmovisions. In a nutshell, we define worldviews as the biological interpretations agents create of the world around them and cosmo...
Article
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Background: A transverse vaginal septum is a rare congenital uterovaginal anomaly that may be diagnosed for the first time during labor with a frequency of 1 in 70,000 females. A 20 years old primigravida with a post-term pregnancy whose diagnosis was only made during labor following digital vaginal and speculum examination. On examination, she was...
Article
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Leiomyomas are benign fibromuscular tumors that arise from smooth muscle cells. Paraurethral leiomyoma accounts for 5% of all paraurethral masses and occurs in 1 in 1000 women. We reported a case of a 43-year-old female presented with a palpable mass at the vaginal introitus with lower urinary tract symptoms. Patient had no pregnancy and sexual his...
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Katherine GY Lau et al., pp. 1394–1395 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.17061.
Article
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Prescription zolpidem use is not uncommon in pregnancy, despite limited data on adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight, small for gestational age and preterm labour associated with zolpidem use. Zolpidem dependence in pregnancy is rarely reported in existing literature. Also, there is no consensus on the management of zolpidem dependen...
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Mehreen Zaigham et al., pp. 1361‐1374 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.17132
Article
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Deputy Editor‐in‐Chief, Dr Patrick Chien, discusses his top articles from this issue in an audio podcast available at: https://soundcloud.com/bjog/July-editorial-2022
Preprint
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La psychopharmacologie périnatale est une spécialité émergente se développant progressivement aux cotés de la psychiatrie périnatale. La prise en charge des troubles psychiatriques pendant la période périnatale est un défi pour les praticiens de la périnatalité en raison des multiples changements survenant pendant cette période cruciale. La méconna...
Article
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The preauricular sulcus (PS) appears as a parallel and adjacent groove in the coxae, inferior to the iliac auricular surface, is often cited as an indicator of female sex however its relationship to female skeletons and pregnancy/parturition is a controversial subject. Few studies are known to have tested PS on modern male and female skeletons and...