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Pragmatics - Science topic

Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics which studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.
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Publications related to Pragmatics (10,000)
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Article
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This study conducts a pragmatic analysis of various linguistic deviations skillfully used in Hemingway’s novel The Heart of Darkness. It is confined to the following types of linguistic deviations: internal deviation, lexical deviation, semantic deviation, phonological deviation, morphological deviation, grammatical, and graphological deviation. Al...
Article
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This paper investigates Ahn Changho’s notion of ‘mutual love’, the central features of which present a picture of society in which the selfish desires of free-spirited individuals can be tamed and regulated through the self-cultivation of mutual love. More specifically, first, by analyzing Ahn Changho’s reconfiguration of the Confucian ideal of par...
Preprint
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Resumen: El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo la delimitación como género textual y como tradición discursiva de la levantá propia de la Semana Santa de Sevilla. Para ello, se han tomado 98 testimonios de este fenómeno y se utiliza para su análisis el modelo de Lingüística pragmática desarrollado por Catalina Fuentes Rodríguez, que permite compro...
Research Proposal
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The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified the efforts made by the scientific community in adopting several large-scale omics investigations (COVIDomics), with the common intent of combatting COVID-19. Amongst the main purposes of such investigations are the development of methods for a prompt diagnosis, the prediction of patient outcomes, and fishing sui...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a more pragmatic critical management studies (CMS), by exploring the emancipatory intent of organizational (re)design concepts and ideas from the modern sociotechnical approach integral organizational renewal (IOR). Design/methodology/approach This paper is of a conceptual nature in that it eng...
Conference Paper
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Heterogeneous graphs can capture pragmatic relations between entities (or nodes) better than homogeneous graphs. Heterogeneous graphs are crucial in search and classification problems and can correlate with social network graphs. However, this increases complexity and demands a clear understanding of the relationships, and rankings of the network....
Article
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Family-based treatment (FBT) is the leading treatment for adolescent eating disorders and is based on five tenets, or fundamental assumptions: (1) the therapist holds an agnostic view of the cause of the illness; (2) the therapist takes a non-authoritarian stance in treatment; (3) parents are empowered to bring about the recovery of their child; (4...
Article
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The current regulatory approach to address aquatic mixture toxicity for pesticides in the EU (EFSA J 11:3290, 2013) is rather complex: in typical cases it requires conducting the entire mixture risk assessment scheme for every exposure scenario separately (e.g. 6–8 ecotoxicological endpoints, for each of the nine exposure scenarios for the European...
Article
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Background There is evidence reporting more positive outcomes from research capacity-building (RCB) programmes that include a research facilitator role. Further, it has been suggested that research facilitator roles can be a useful strategy in building the research capacity of healthcare clinicians. However, until now, little attention has been app...
Article
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The misuse of low cost and effortlessly accessible unmanned aerial vehicles is a swiftly growing phenomenon. The uncomplicated employment of these systems and the conceivable magnitude of their effect at short engagement distances facilitate adverse exploitation in a wide range of scenarios. These facts merge into the urgent need for a flexible, ec...
Article
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Background Symptoms in patients with advanced cancer are often inadequately captured during encounters with the healthcare team. Emerging evidence demonstrates that weekly electronic home-based patient-reported symptom monitoring with automated alerts to clinicians reduces healthcare utilization, improves health-related quality of life, and lengthe...
Article
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Deep learning is a powerful tool, which is becoming increasingly popular in financial modeling. However, model validation requirements such as SR 11-7 pose a significant obstacle to the deployment of neural networks in a bank’s production system. Their typically high number of (hyper-)parameters poses a particular challenge to model selection, benc...
Article
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Background Childhood obesity is associated with impaired Quality-of-Life (QoL), increased stigmatization and higher risk of development of depression compared to their peers. This report describes the long-term development in QoL for cohort of children with obesity after a sustainable weight reduction. Methods This pragmatic descriptive interventi...
Article
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Background Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare incurable disease of the bile ducts and liver which can significantly impair quality of life (QoL). No existing QoL tools are entirely suitable for people living with PSC (PwPSC). We aimed to develop a measure of QoL for PwPSC in the UK, beginning by identifying relevant QoL issues. This pap...
Article
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In this paper, we examine the ways in which aggression may be escalated during mediatised rites of aggression. We argue that Victor Turner's concept of ‘rite of antistructure’ is particularly useful to capture the pragmatic dynamics of public aggressive ritual events in which the rights and obligations holding for ‘ordinary’ life scenarios are turn...
Article
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Various scholars have studied the increasing occurrence of toxic, often large-scale arguments over allegedly offensive behaviour in both public and private discourse arenas. However, what is meant by offence itself is rarely discussed at length in linguistics and communication studies, and little systematic work has been dedicated to how offence is...
Book
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Written by an international team of experts, this groundbreaking book explores the benefits and challenges of developing pragmatic competence in English as a target language, inside and outside the classroom, and among young and adult learners. The chapters present a range of first language contexts, including China, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Mexi...
Book
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This book adopts a cross-sectional approach and mainly focuses on one of the core pragmatic constructs, formulaic/pragmatic routines, in addition to components put forward by Roever (2011) and Taguchi (2013). It actively integrates multidimensional pragmatic modalities—including both production (initiating and responding) and reception (recognition...
Conference Paper
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A corpus-based study is conducted to investigate verbs collocating with present-tensed will and be going to. Data from the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) are addressed, especially for lexical verb-collocates (V-collocates). Data-driven results show that lexical V-collocates of will and be going to are sensitive to semantic and pragm...
Article
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La hegemonía de la filosofía positivista en torno a la investigación ha disminuido, favoreciendo el desarrollo de estudios epistemológicos que se cuestionan por el conocimiento que fundamenta cada ámbito científico. En el caso de la Educación Física, se aprecian un auge de los estudios epistemológicos que analizan premisas filosóficas y científicas...
Article
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This article discusses the specificity of remote communication between state authorities and citizens as part of e-administration services. Attention was paid to the available technological tools used in state-citizen communication (e.g. applications, help centres), but most of all, the focus was on the pragmatics of creating messages in the “digit...
Article
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Swearing produces effects that are not observed with other forms of language use. Thus, swearing is powerful. It generates a range of distinctive outcomes: physiological, cognitive, emotional, pain-relieving, interactional and rhetorical. However, we know that the power of swearing is not intrinsic to the words themselves. Hence, our starting quest...
Article
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This study examines the concept of argumentation empirically, to correct the normative conception of argumentation adopted by most scholars since Aristotle. They are not interested in what argumentation is, but in what it ought to be. The pre-Aristotelian approach is preferable, because it recognizes that argumentation, although it includes persuas...
Conference Paper
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Ontologies have gained popularity in a wide range of research fields, in the domains where possible interpretations of terms have to be narrowed and there is a need for explicit interrelations of concepts. Although reusability has always been claimed as one of the main characteristics of ontologies, it has been shown that reusing domain ontologies...
Article
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Patients with psoriasis commonly opt for homeopathic treatment. However, no study has assessed the response to homeopathic treatment by using standardized disease-specific scales, and the findings are based on clinical assessments only. The objective of this study was to evaluate the response to the individualized homeopathic treatment of psoriasis...
Article
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This paper provides an overview of categorical and gradient effects in islands, with a focus on English, and argues that most islands are gradient. In some cases, the island is circumvented by the construction type in which the extraction takes place, and there is growing evidence that the critical factor is pragmatic in nature, contrary to classic...
Article
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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major health problem in hemodialysis patients, which leads to significant morbidity and mortality through progressive hepatic fibrosis or cirrhosis. Percutaneous liver biopsy is the gold standard to stage hepatic fibrosis. However, it is an invasive procedure with postbiopsy complications. Because uremia may significant...
Article
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Jokha Alharthi's the Man Booker Prize winning novel Celestial Bodies depicts Oman in transition thorough the lives of three women-Mayya, Asma and Khawla. As it always happens with literary works written in the 'other tongue', Celestial Bodies also resorts to a blending of the native language of Alharthi's characters with English, and thereby infuse...
Article
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This article examines the European Union’s (EU) image as a normative power in Azerbaijan. Among the five current participants of the Eastern Partnership Initiative, Azerbaijan is the only country where the EU’s norm promotion efforts have been thwarted over the past decade. In the context of the ruling elite’s shifting discourses on the EU, the lat...
Article
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Figurative language is widely used in proverbs which can be decoded by taking context into account. Speakers encode their implied message through the use of metaphors in proverbs and idiomatic expressions. Punjabi proverbs form a part of Punjabi folk literature, which is the reflection of their culture. A whole spectrum of metaphors has been observ...
Article
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This study investigates the pragmatic development of the refusal strategies to the four different stimulus types (1 request, 1 suggestion, 1 invitation, and 1 offer) by Chinese English major students with low-intermediate language proficiency. The data was collected through written discourse completion tasks, and coded based on the modified taxonom...
Article
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In this paper, I draw a parallel between aspects of René Thom’s topological program understood as semiophysics, and Jakob von Uexküll’s theory of meaning. Through the use of Thom’s semiophysics, I believe that it is possible to interpret Uexküll’s intuition that meaning unfolds a kind of transformation in an organism’s transactions with the environ...
Article
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Objective: To investigate the current status of the availability and affordability of specific essential medicines and diagnostics for diabetes in Africa. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Studies conducted in Africa that reported any information on the availability and affordability of short-acting, intermediate-acting, and premixed...
Article
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Regulatory activity concerning the management of existing bridges has recently been affected by updates, for instance, in Italy, which calls for a speedy and pragmatic approach based on new technologies such as building information modeling (BIM), when dealing with the survey and risk classification as well as the evaluation and monitoring of struc...
Book
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This book has its origins in a painstaking process of research into the practical difficulties that organizations experience in segmenting their markets, research which we initiated in 1992. We discovered that most of the academic work in this domain is prescriptive, with virtually no pragmatic guidelines provided to enable managers to make sense o...
Article
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This study aims to spotlight the postmodern tendency of metafiction in Preeti Shenoy's selected texts. Metafiction is self-conscious in relation to language, literary form, and storytelling in fiction. This form of fiction accentuates its construct and reminds the readers to be aware of a fictional work. Shenoy is a noteworthy postmodern writer, an...
Presentation
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Background: Language provides a foundation for quality of life and development, but language disorders, affecting 10% of children, are generally only diagnosed late in childhood. Aim: This study aims to identify a parsimonious set of preschool indicators that predict language outcomes, using data from the Early Language in Victoria Study (n=839). M...
Article
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Investigating cooperativity of interlocutors is central in studying pragmatics of dialogue. Models of conversation that only assume cooperative agents fail to explain the dynamics of strategic conversations. Thus, we investigate the ability of agents to identify non-cooperative interlocutors while completing a concurrent visual-dialogue task. Withi...
Article
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This paper evaluates the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and entrepreneurship development in developing countries. The paper also analyses the intervening effect of public sector venality and the foreign direct investment effect on developing entrepreneurship in developing countries. The paper applied a quantitative research me...
Preprint
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Membership inference (MI) attacks highlight a privacy weakness in present stochastic training methods for neural networks. It is not well understood, however, why they arise. Are they a natural consequence of imperfect generalization only? Which underlying causes should we address during training to mitigate these attacks? Towards answering such qu...
Chapter
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Em nível global, as discussões sobre alimentação foram articuladas com maior proeminência a partir da Cúpula Mundial da Alimentação (1996) pela Organização das Nações Unidas para Alimentação e Agricultura (FAO/ONU), que estabeleceu metas e ações governamentais com a finalidade de corroborar com o combate à fome e o acesso a alimentos seguros. A par...
Preprint
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During software development, developers need answers to queries about semantic aspects of code. Even though extractive question-answering using neural approaches has been studied widely in natural languages, the problem of answering semantic queries over code using neural networks has not yet been explored. This is mainly because there is no existi...
Article
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Learning through social media platforms is a nascent pedagogy that opens up new virtual online e-instructional modalities and avenues to be explored especially in these challenging emergency times of COVID-19. This research focuses on a self-directed initiative of a math teacher who taught her students in an open virtual class via Instagram. This s...
Article
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To Develop case Studies of innovative climate change communication and education (CCE) to inform, improve, upgrade, upscale and upskill the global understandings of quality Climate Communication and Education by honing the core competencies of associated stakeholders. Deliverables : A better informed and prepared Stakeholder means a wider and bette...
Article
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Despite the significant advancements in geomodelling techniques over the past few decades, it is still quite challenging to obtain accurate assessments of hydraulic fracture propagation. This work investigates the effect of fluid leak-off in a dual-porosity system on the hydraulic fracture propagation geometry, which, in turn, affects hydrocarbon r...
Article
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Paper Review - Regards is an expression that can be used to greet someone. In Japanese society, greetings vary greatly depending on each user. This study aims to describe the types of greetings, domains and factors of use of the greeting phrase. The data sources used are two Japanese-language drama scripts titled Seigi no mikata and Ohitorisama. Th...
Article
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Resumen: En este artículo se abordan prácticas educativas de lectoescritura y argumentación pragmadialéctica en cursos universitarios de geología en dos universidades argentinas. Se emplearon encuestas, entrevistas, un grupo focal, unidades didácticas y relatos de prácticas docentes en la recolección de la unidad de análisis. Se concluye que fue en...
Article
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Este ensaio propõe uma pragmática das relações entre vida e economia, explorando regiões de contato entre ambos os conceitos. O foco são as chamadas “emergências econômicas”, nas quais se coloca em jogo o acesso aos “essenciais para a vida”, quando não a própria vida biológica de seres humanos. Nas emergências, as relações entre vida e economia pas...
Article
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Greetings are expressions that are usually used when greeting someone. Greetings in Japanese vary greatly depending on the purpose and position. variations of greeting can be found in the drama scripts entitled Seigi no mikata and Ohitorisama. The data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively with the method of agih, referential equivalent, and pr...
Article
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Uluslararası sosyal bilimler yazınında, asimetrik nedensel ilişkiyi ortaya koyma potansiyeli olan bulanık küme nitel karşılaştırmalı analize (fsQCA) ilgi giderek artmasına rağmen, Türkiye'de bu analizi kullanan araştırmacıların azlığı dikkat çekicidir. Bu makale, sosyal bilimler alanında çalışan araştırmacıların verilerinden daha zengin bilgiler el...
Article
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The police are an important part of a society, responsible for the upkeep of law and order and listening to the public's grievances. The latter is the concern of this study, which focuses on analysing the politeness strategies used by the members of the Punjab Police in conversation with the complainants in the police stations of Lahore. Moreover,...
Article
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As each state readies for a further five-year presidency under their incumbent President, Chinese and French foreign policies are at a critical juncture. With the geopolitical context dominated by a broader China-US rivalry, the next five years augur a period of confrontation, raising concerns of a Cold War-style bloc paradigm in the present contex...
Article
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The importance attached to subject indexing in library services, librarian awareness of its social role and practical purposes,attention to indexing practices and the use of catalogs: How are these elements reflected in the system of rules governingsubject indexing in Italy? What does “rule following”, to use Wittengenstein’s well-known expression,...
Article
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This paper presents the research behind the formulation of a new didaktik model on waste and material resources in preschool. The research was part of an extensive collaborative R&D programme, involving close to 300 preschool teachers/managers and researchers, to build systematic knowledge on what may characterize teaching in preschool based on sci...
Article
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A key challenge for qualitative methods in applied health research is the fast pace that can characterize the public health and health and care service landscape, where there is a need for research informed by immediate pragmatic questions and relevant findings are required quickly to inform decision-making. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the pa...
Article
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A large body of research has found that people judge bad foreseen side effects to be more intentional than good. While the standard interpretation of this Side-Effect Effect (SEE) takes it to show that the ordinary concept of intentionality is influenced by normative considerations, a competing account holds that it is the result of pragmatic press...
Preprint
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Asynchronous programming is widely adopted for building responsive and efficient software, and modern languages such as C# provide async/await primitives to simplify the use of asynchrony. In this paper, we propose an approach for refactoring a sequential program into an asynchronous program that uses async/await, called asynchronization. The refac...
Article
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The study of pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication is a subject of great theoretical significance and practical value in contemporary linguistic research. This paper takes pragmatic failures in cross-cultural communication as the research object, and tries to make the discussion systematic, theoretical, and scientific. With this feature...
Chapter
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In French, the word nature can be used as both a noun and an adjective. As a noun, it designates an essence, while as an adjective, it designates a pragmatic attribute. One can, for instance, say that a person is nature, meaning that she is spontaneous, without embellishments. This chapter starts from the assumption that most winegrowers are very m...
Article
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Na atual era digital e de globalização, as páginas de produtos nos websites empresariais são meio popular para a promoção de produtos aos consumidores de mercados estrangeiros. Assim, a tradução e o estudo delas tornam-se fundamentais para captar a atenção do público-alvo no exterior. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o conteúdo verbal...
Chapter
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Using suoyi as the surveyed particle, the purposes of the current study are to firstly compare the perceived discourse functions of suoyi in two separate scenarios, namely, Chinese spontaneous speech and English-to-Chinese simultaneous interpreting and secondly to know if different listener groups may perceive its functions differently. To identify...
Article
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The paper presents the results of a correlation analysis between the information trends in the electronic media of Kazakhstan and indicators of the epidemiological situation of COVID-19 according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The developed method is based on topic modeling and some other methods of processing natural language texts. The m...
Article
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This paper aims at analyzing the American TV series Glee, in order to reflect on how the face, maxims, rules and strategies of the Politeness Theory are presented before characters who are read as part of a minority group, compared to characters seen as a majority and relies mainly on the contributions of scholars such as Thomas (1995) and Yule (19...
Article
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Teori akuntansi merupakan bagian penting dari praktik. Pemahamannya oleh praktisi dan penyusun standar akan sangat mendorong pengembangan serta perbaikan menuju praktik yang sehat. Teori akuntansi menjadi landasan untuk memecahkan masalah-masalah akuntansi secara beralasan atau bernalar yang secara etis dan ilmiah dapat dipertanggungjawabkan. Apa y...
Article
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The issue of war reparations was a subject of controversy in Polish-Ger-man relations for a long time. This was due to the position of the Federal Republic of Germany that this issue had been deferred to the moment of German unification. The German concept of reparations also included the individual claims of Polish victims of National Socialism (N...
Article
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Background Despite the progress in reducing under-five mortality (U-5 M) in recent years, these deaths remain considerably high in Nigeria. This could be attributed to poor health policies including inequality of health insurance coverage and access to adequate healthcare services utilisations which has remained inimical to achieving sustainable de...
Conference Paper
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Teori akuntansi merupakan bagian penting dari praktik. Pemahamannya oleh praktisi dan penyusun standar akan sangat mendorong pengembangan serta perbaikan menuju praktik yang sehat. Teori akuntansi menjadi landasan untuk memecahkan masalah-masalah akuntansi secara beralasan atau bernalar yang secara etis dan ilmiah dapat dipertanggungjawabkan. Apa y...
Conference Paper
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Despite longstanding recognition and substantial investment, issues of poor diversity and inclusion continue to impact educational and career pathways for engineering. Given that solutions to global challenges such as the climate crisis are dependent on the engineering profession, we might see these issues of participation as an existential threat...
Article
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Research on COVID-19 has drawn the attention of scholars around the world since the outbreak of the pandemic. Several literature reviews of research topics and themes based on scientometric indicators or bibliometric analyses have already been conducted. However, topics and themes in linguistic-specific research on COVID-19 remain under-studied. Wi...
Article
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Teori akuntansi merupakan bagian penting dari praktik. Pemahamannya oleh praktisi dan penyusun standar akan sangat mendorong pengembangan serta perbaikan menuju praktik yang sehat. Teori akuntansi menjadi landasan untuk memecahkan masalah-masalah akuntansi secara beralasan atau bernalar yang secara etis dan ilmiah dapat dipertanggungjawabkan. Apa y...
Article
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In this study, multimodal interaction analysis is used to analyze the apology act of two Chinese EFL learners and two Bangladeshi EFL learners in face-to-face interaction through task-role-playing via the multimodal software Elan. The radar figures are also drawn to show the similarities and differences of the modal density of six different modal r...
Article
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O objetivo deste artigo é fazer uma análise dos erros observados nas respostas dos candidatos à uma vaga na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, em uma questão discursiva de Física de um concurso de vestibular de 2015, e categorizá-los à luz dos obstáculos epistemológicos de Bachelard. Foram selecionadas as respostas dos 200 primeiros candidatos...
Article
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La ideología y el aislamiento diplomático no eran expresiones en el léxico de la política exterior brasileña (PEB) en tiempos democráticos pero, entre enero de 2019 y agosto de 2022, periodo que comprende este análisis de la presidencia de Jair Bolsonaro, se inocularon en la diplomacia brasileña. Empoderado por la Administración Trump y debilitado...
Article
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The author of the following Contribution text was interested in whether December 13, 1981 – it means also the Martial Law in Poland – really changed anything for West Germany from the point of view of its own foreign policy. The answers of this Question, formulated on the basis of the Research in the political archives of the West German Ministry o...
Article
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Ronald Dworkin’s argument from theoretical disagreement remains a pressing challenge for legal positivists. In this paper, I show how positivists can answer Dworkin’s argument without having to attribute confusion or disingenuity to legal officials. I propose that the argument rests on two errors. The first is to assume that positivism requires leg...
Article
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Un jumeau numérique est une représentation virtuelle d’un système, tel qu’un organe ou un processus de soins. L’articulation des jumeaux numériques à des simulations réalisées dans le monde réel semble une piste prometteuse afin que les professionnels deviennent des praticiens rationnels et pragmatiques, capables à la fois de gérer des risques et d...