Science topics: EconomicsPoverty
Science topic

Poverty - Science topic

A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
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Publications related to Poverty (10,000)
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This paper is intended to provide a tentative framework that seeks to capture issues of economic policy underlying ancient and medieval economic ideas. We thus review policy implications as integral to certain non-Western traditions and more specifically, to Confucian philosophy, embedded in different societal and historical contexts. We in turn ex...
Article
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La ignominia que padece y goza el mundo ante el capitalismo salvaje, el terror y alboroto del cambio de moralidades que nos suscita, las inestables, nulas y fracasadas políticas de estado, el incremento de pobreza, y un océano infinito de cóleras económico-sociales justifican la urgencia de pensar en la democracia, los derechos, la moralidad, etc....
Article
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The global community has been confronted with rising income inequality, in particular, for those least developed countries (LDCs), since the same level of inequality as in advanced countries would push many LDCs into abject poverty. This paper focuses on income inequality in developing countries, particularly LDCs. First, we demonstrate the infeasi...
Article
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Background Cannabis social equity programs intend to redress inequities experienced by low income and Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) during cannabis prohibition in the United States. In Los Angeles County (LA), the approach is to increase cannabis outlet licensure and employment for low income and BIPOC communities. Monitoring locat...
Article
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The study examines the role of the knowledge economy (KE) in Asian businesses in 45 countries for 2000–2019. KE indicators include education, economic incentives, innovation, institutional regime, and information and communication technology. The business indicators used in the study are starting, doing, and closing business. The empirical analysis...
Article
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Growing empirical evidence reveals the dramatic expansion in the risk of in-work poverty on a global scale over the last half-century. The current article reviews research on in-work poverty, illustrates how in-work poverty developed from a regional phenomenon into a global issue, and considers recent studies that have reexamined the concept of “in...
Article
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Understanding what factors predict whether an urban migrant will end up in a deprived neighbourhood or not could help prevent the exploitation of vulnerable individuals. This study leveraged pseudonymized mobile money interactions combined with cell phone data to shed light on urban migration patterns and deprivation in Tanzania. Call detail record...
Article
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Many poor rural households depend on products from non-cultivated environments for subsistence and commercialization. Collective action schemes, such as community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), aim at maintaining natural resource quality and thus potentially contribute to the sustainability of environmental income sources. Little is kno...
Article
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This study aims to assess the energy poverty risk in the municipalities in Andalusia (Spain) to know their existing differences to prioritise the aids in the municipalities with greater needs. For this purpose, a composed indicator is developed. This new indicator is based on the so-called High Energy Requirements (HER) index, where proxy indicator...
Conference Paper
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This is practice research adopting the CLIL approach in an advanced Japanese class at Tokyo Metropolitan University. Through activities focusing on a certain Sierra Leone, students explored its historical background and issues. They raised the sense of ownership while listening to social entrepreneurs aiming to solve poverty. The students' learning...
Article
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Rural areas in Northwest China have always been the main concentration of poverty-stricken people in China. In 1986, China listed 665 poor counties (mostly in the northwest), and successively launched the actions of “Volunteer Teaching in Western China” and “Great Development of Western China” to help underdeveloped areas get rid of poverty. At pre...
Article
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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides financial assistance to its member countries in economic difficulties but at the same time requires these countries to reform public policies. In several contexts, these reforms have been at odds with population health and material living standards. While researchers have empirically analyzed the conse...
Article
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This paper examines the effect of environmental regulations on energy poverty and analyses whether clean energy access, the access to modern energy services, is an important channel through which environmental regulations affect energy poverty in China. Using household-level survey data in China from 2012 to 2018, we find that enacting tightened en...
Article
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The economic and social development of nations relies on their population having physical access to services and employment opportunities. For the vast majority of the 3.4 billion people living in rural areas, this largely depends on their access to urban centers of different sizes. Similarly, urban centers depend on their rural hinterlands. Buildi...
Poster
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Endowing agriculture is widely recognised as one of the most effective ways to alleviate poverty increase livelihood, improve, food security and reduce hunger and malnutrition. Embracing sustainable farming practices will contribute to the agroecosystem exertions to meet the globe’s current and future food requirements. Unique and specialised farmi...
Article
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Enhancing the synergies between agriculture and related sectors in rural areas is considered an important development strategy to eliminate rural poverty. This article provides evidence for this view by analyzing the effect of industry convergence between agriculture and related sectors on rural poverty. Based on China’s provincial panel data, we u...
Article
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The aim of the article is to analyse the theme of poverty in the selected Polish translations of Dickens's novels. The books to be scrutinised include: Oliwer Twist rendered anonymously in 1845, and Dawid Copperfield translated by Wilhelmina Zyndram-Kościałkowska in 1888. The theoretical part of the paper shows how the phenomenon of poverty was ref...
Conference Paper
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Many writers, academics, and systems interested in fighting and eliminating corruption are interested in administrative and financial corruption. Corruption has appeared in all countries and in many types of government, but to varying degrees, and its repercussions are grave, as it results in the loss of resources, limits chances for economic progr...
Chapter
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Se presenta una crítica a la aplicación mundial del desarrollo como meta y solución a los grupos y países considerados pobres o del tercer mundo. Lo decolonial enfatiza las voces individuales y la autonomía propia como valores intrínsecos. Se cuestionan las instituciones del gobierno que clasifican a las comunidades en términos de pobreza sin tomar...
Preprint
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Özet Bu çalışmada, 2019 yılına ait Hanehalkı Bütçe Araştırması ile Hanehalkı Gelir ve Yaşam Koşulları Araştırması veri setleri kullanılarak maliye politikası araçlarının Türkiye'deki gelir eşitsizliği ve yoksulluk üzerindeki etkileri incelenmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında maliye politikası araçları altında yer alan doğrudan ve dolaylı vergiler, sosyal t...
Article
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Understanding public debt enables policymakers of countries to devise measures on how to create sound decisions to reduce, if not fully eradicate it. This paper explores the economic, social and institutional determinants of public debt in the ASEAN+3. Specifically, this paper looks at how the GDP per capita, balance of payments, unemployment rate,...
Article
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Ethiopia's economic reports on income inequality, poverty, and other welfare indicators have been promising for the last two decades. It is quite relevant to understand how rural households from different income classes perform over time, income mobility. Income mobility can be regarded as a transformation between two income vectors over a peri...
Book
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The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)’ 2020 “Global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services” states that nature and its contributions to people play an important role not only for the health of the planet, but also to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. It highlighted no...
Article
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Resumen El septum pellucidum es un componente del sistema límbico que forma las paredes mediales de los ventrículos laterales y consta de dos láminas, el cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) es una cavidad que aparece cuan-do estas láminas no se fusionan. Su incidencia es muy variable, pero lo normal es que desaparezca en los primeros meses de vida. Su pr...
Article
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This research aimed to ascertain the people's economic progress throughout the pandemic via the distribution of productive zakat by BAZ/LAZ in Pekalongan. Field research with a qualitative approach collects, manages, and distributes zakat funds, incredibly productive zakat at BAZ/LAZ in Pekalongan City. The technique is triangulation. The results s...
Article
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Crime is a major public problem in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its preventive measures could have great social impact. The extent to which multiple modifiable risk factors among children and families influence juvenile criminal conviction in an LMIC remains unexplored; however, it is necessary to identify prevention targets. This s...
Chapter
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Este capítulo relata uma análise do discurso, com inspiração foucaultiana, sobre formações discursivas a respeito da pobreza menstrual. A escolha desse tema é justificada pela emergência da temática no cenário político brasileiro, reverberado na mídia em diferentes veículos de comunicação.
Article
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In recent years, different forms of poverty and their interaction with mental illness have been in the focus of research, although the implementation of action in mental health care and policy making so far is scarce. This perspective article offers different perspectives of poverty and its reciprocal association with mental illness and outlines po...
Article
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Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico began at the end of February 2020. An essential component of control strategies was to reduce mobility. We aimed to evaluate the impact of mobility on COVID- incidence and mortality rates during the initial months of the pandemic in selected states. Methods: COVID-19 incidence data were obtained from t...
Article
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back to post-independence India, but draws attention to the poverty that determined young and idealist intellectuals to envision violence against wealthy landowners and then self-sacrifice as the only possible solutions to change the system. The tumultuous political context in the wake of colonial rule in India marks the personal saga of a family d...
Article
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Uno de los indicadores para medir que tanto aprenden los estudiantes en las escuelas se denomina Pobreza de aprendizaje, y se relaciona con problemas de comprensión lectora. Por ello, la investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la efectividad de una estrategia didáctica de lectura continua para el mejoramiento la comprensión lectora de estudiant...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Hintergrund und Ziele Schon in der frühen Phase der global sehr verschieden verlaufenden COVID-19-Pandemie zeigten sich Hinweise auf den Einfluss sozioökonomischer Faktoren auf die Ausbreitungsdynamik der Erkrankung, die vor allem ab der zweiten Phase (September 2020) Menschen mit geringerem sozioökonomischen Status stärker betraf....
Article
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The aim of the research is to study the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of children beggars in the city of Samawa for the year (2021), as well as to develop many proposals to reduce child beggary in the city of Samawa. Accompanied by the geographical analysis of the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of children beg...
Article
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Questo articolo intende contribuire al dibattito sulle sfide attuali per il servizio sociale nel quadro delle politiche di contrasto alla povertà in Italia. Il contributo analizza il processo e i risultati conseguiti in un percorso di formazione (24 ore) e di supervisione (66 ore), svolto dal 2019 al 2021 nei tre consorzi socio-assistenziali piemon...
Conference Paper
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Poverty, racism, colonialism, and sexism are not static, quantitative determinants of health; rather, they are dynamic processes that have begun historically and continue to have a cumulatively detrimental influence on the state of one's health condition of aboriginal women. In the present global health ecosystem, structural violence as a health d...
Book
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CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC 2022 ABOUT THE LEGATUM INSTITUTE The Legatum Institute is a London-based think tank with a bold vision to create a global movement of people committed to building pathways to prosperity from poverty and to the transformation of society. We seek to do this by raising up leaders of character, restoring ethical vitality in all...
Article
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El artículo tiene por objetivo analizar el efecto de las transferencias monetarias condi-cionadas en el Ecuador, que es, una herramienta que se utiliza para mejorar los niveles de pobreza extrema. También, se pretende a través de la investigación identificar si real-mente beneficia a sus perceptores del cantón Loja y el uso real que tiene el bono e...
Article
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In India, child labour is a serious issue; nevertheless, the pandemic has forced many children into labour, along with the most heinous consequences.With a few minor exceptions, child labour for children under the age of 14 is outlawed in India, and minors between the ages of 14 and 18 are barred from engaging in any hazardous or harmful to their d...
Article
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Energy poverty (EPOV) is considered to have a significant impact on health and has become an essential issue on the policy agenda in most countries, especially those with rapid aging. Cognitive and mental health (CMH) for aging well is just as important a component as physical health, but the literature on the effect of EPOV on CMH is still rare. U...
Article
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Argentina se encuentra en un estadio avanzado de transición nutricional donde el sobrepeso y la obesidad adquieren relevancia. Sin embargo, en algunas regiones del país, especialmente en la provincia de Tucumán, la desnutrición sigue siendo un problema no resuelto y la coexistencia de ambos extremos de la malnutrición implica un desafío sanitario....
Article
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Abstract : Child labour is a serious problem from many decades and a challenge for many developing countries. It has existed over the centuries not only in the impoverished areas of developing countries but also in developed countries until the beginning of the 20th century. Many countries have enacted various laws and have taken serious initiative...
Article
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Background Out-of-pocket costs continue to be a barrier to accessing necessary healthcare services, including contraception. We explored how eliminating out-of-pocket cost affects contraceptive method choice among people reporting difficulty paying for healthcare in the previous year, and whether method satisfaction differed by method choice. Meth...
Preprint
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The South-Kivu province, located in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo, has not been spared by the COVID-19 pandemic. By the end of March 2022, South Kivu had registered 1682 con rmed cases of COVID-19. Different response measures had been used to maintain the disease. The effects of the response measures had worsened the state of...
Article
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La reducción de la pobreza extrema en Colombia-Corrillos https://corrillos.com.co/2022/07/la-reduccion-de-la-pobreza-extrema-en-colombia/ 2/8      Por: Sandra Marcela Puentes Gómez/ En los últimos cuatro años se ha visto afectada la economía en nuestro departamento de Santander, debido a la problemática se ha reducido en los conocimiento y el...
Article
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This work introduces a methodology to classify between poor and extremely poor people through Natural Language Processing. The approach serves as a baseline to understand and classify poverty through the people’s discourses using machine learning algorithms. Based on classical and modern word vector representations we propose two strategies for doc...
Article
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Interest in energy poverty has increased in recent years and has made it possible to define the lack of energy resources in households and the importance of energy as a right. The research carried out in this work shows the importance it acquires in the current context, where a large part of the population lives confined to their homes due to the g...
Article
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This paper analyzes the impact mechanism of executive poverty experience on innovation performance from the two logics of “innate endowment” and “endogenous power.” It then explores the moderating role of executive characteristics, firm nature, and market competition from the perspective of heterogeneity, and finally proves the influence mechanism....
Article
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Despite the importance of tourism for poverty relief, limited studies have investigated the relationship between tourism development and multidimensional poverty reduction. The present work investigated the tourism–poverty nexus from the perspective of multidimensional poverty (including poverty related to economic, education, health care and socia...
Article
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Governments played an essential role in mitigating the social, political, health and economic impact and outcomes of COVID-19. Most literature limits the role of the state at the national level by focusing on the pandemic’s impact on economic growth, unemployment, poverty and state responses. This approach neglects the role played by subnational go...
Article
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In this paper I explore elements from Kant’s philosophy of right to develop a relational account of the wrong of poverty. Poverty is a relational wrong because it involves relations of problematic dependence, inequality, and humiliation. Such relations infringe the rights to freedom and equality of the poor. And the called-for response is one of pu...
Article
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This study provides some new evidence for the 2008–2009 Global Financial Crisis on income inequality in Turkey. Two methodologies were used in the study. The first methodology put forward by Jenkins and Van Kerm (Oxf Econ Pap 58(3):531–548, 2006) uses micro-level data to estimate the relationship of income inequality changes with the pattern of pro...
Article
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Objectives: In cases of child neglect, intervention depends on accurate identification and reporting. Prior work has shown that individuals, especially those of high socioeconomic status (SES), conflate poverty and neglect when making identification and reporting decisions. The COVID-19 pandemic led to changes in people's experiences with poverty,...
Article
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This study undertakes a sector-by-sector account of economic growth, historically since the inception of economic planning, and analyses the spatiotemporal patterns of both rural and urban poverty in India. The services sector bypassed the successful completion of industrialization and prematurely emerged as the dominant driver and key lever of eco...
Article
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This paper used Social Security Administration program data from 2005 to 2019 to examine national- and state-level changes in the number of new adult supplemental security income (SSI) awardees on the autism spectrum relative to awardees with intellectual disability and other mental health disorders. We identified three main findings: the number of...
Article
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El cacao es parte de los planes de desarrollo de la mayoría de los países centroamericanos. Sin embargo, el cacao de Guatemala ha cobrado importancia en los últimos años debido a los pequeños modelos de producción privada y comunitaria que actualmente se encuentran exportando producto hacia Estados Unidos y países de Europa, en los cuales ha tenido...
Article
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This study aims to understand the direct and indirect effects of poverty trajectories on maternal depression trajectories mediated by material hardship trajectories. A latent growth mediation model was tested using a predominantly low-income and mostly unmarried sample of mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national birth...
Article
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Households that experience persistent poverty fall behind economically and can be caught in a poverty trap, especially in the presence of shocks capable of shifting their level of assets. However, empirical evidence can be instrumental in the design of policies and measures that would allow households an opportunity to escape. Using household level...
Article
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The consequences of poverty and inequality for growth have long preoccupied academics and policy-makers. This paper revisits the inequality-growth and poverty-growth links. Using a panel of 158 countries between 1960 and 2010, we find that the correlation of growth with poverty is consistently negative: A 10 p.p. decrease in the headcount poverty r...
Article
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Agents in global climate negotiations differ with respect to their vulnerability to the negative consequences of climate change, but also their ability to contribute to its prevention. Due to this multidimensional heterogeneity, agents disagree about how the costs of emission reduction ought to be shared and, as a consequence, efficiency is low. Th...
Article
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This study examines the relationship between parental time poverty, child work, and school attendance in Ghana using data from the sixth and seventh rounds of the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS6 and GLSS7). Results of the analysis indicate an increasing decline in child enrolment in public schools (from 9% to 6%) among time poor household heads...
Article
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This paper’s goal is to discuss implications for the empirical study of low educational status arising from the use of the concept of educational poverty in research. It has two related conceptual foci: (1) the relationship of educational poverty with material poverty and to what extent useful parallels exist, and (2) the distinction of absolute an...
Article
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Governments in developing countries struggle to reach intended beneficiaries when targeting social transfers towards vulnerable populations. Rates of eligible individuals not receiving social transfers and ineligible individuals receiving them tend to be high, constraining the effectiveness of such anti-poverty programs. While interventions to ince...
Article
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We argue that institutions are bundles that involve trade-offs in the government's ability to provide public goods that affect public health. We hypothesize that the institutions underlying economic freedom affect the mix of diseases by reducing diseases of poverty relative to diseases of commerce (those associated with free movement of people, suc...
Article
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This paper offers a phonological account of various ways in which reduplication interacts with independent processes in Lakota: transparent application in the case of cluster simplification, overapplication in the case of palatalization, and underapplication in the case of vowel mutation. I argue that all three patterns follow from phonological opt...
Research
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BACKGROUND According to economic theory, there is a direct relationship between investment and economic growth to saving rate. It is identified that financial exclusion of a vast majority shows a missed opportunity of a huge potential for economic growth. Finance and poverty are interrelated with each other. Poverty can be reduced by financial incl...
Article
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Despite the momentous rise in ICT diffusion, and financial development in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), their plausible joint effect on inclusive growth have not been explored, leaving a lacuna in the literature. This study, therefore, examines the direct and indirect effects of ICT diffusion on inclusive growth in 42 SSA countries over the period 1980...